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Full text of "Transactions of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society"

942.4101 - 
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1396889 m ^^^^^^OOy COLLECTION 




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TRANSACTIONS 

OF THE 

ristol and Gloucestershi 
Archaeological Society 

FOR 

1905. 



TRANSACTIONS 

CF THE 

Bristol anb Oloucestersbire 
Hvcbaeolooical Societi^ 

FOR 
1905. 

Edited by Rev. C. S. TAYLOR, M.A., F.S.A. 
VOL. XXVIII. 



BRISTOL 

PRINTEP FOR the; society BY J, W, ARROWSMITH, QUAY STREET, 



The Council of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Arch^ological 
Society desires that it should be distinctly understood that the 
Council is not responsible for any statement made, or opinions 
expressed, in the Transactions of the Society. The Authors are 
alone responsible for their several Papers and Communications, and 
the Editor, the Rev. C. S. Taylor, M.A., F.S.A., Banwell Vicarage, 
Somerset, for the Notices of Books. 



i 



1396889 



TABLE OF CONTENTS OF VOL. XXVIIL 



Page 

Proceedings at the Annual Spring Meeting at Berkeley 

AND North Nibley ........ i 

Proceedings at the Annual Summer Meeting at 

Cheltenham and Worcester 14 

The Monastic and Kindred Institutions of Bristol 

AND Gloucestershire ....... 38 

Some Ancient Deeds Relating to the Manor of Southam, 

near Cheltenham . . . . . . . . 48 

The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral ... 61 

Heraldic Notes of the Spring Excursion to Berkeley 

Castle . . . . . . . . . . 86 

Notes on Heraldry in Churches during Cheltenham 
« 

Meeting .89 

Monumental Effigies, Deaneries of Stonehouse and 

Stow .......... 94 

The Ancient Tolzey and Pie Poudre Courts of Bristol hi 

Some Notes on the Visitations of Gloucestershire . 124 

In Memoriam : The Bishop of Gloucester . . . 131 

Notices of Publications 132 

Index to the Heraldry in Bigland's History of 

Gloucestershire 147 



LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Page 

Plan of Berkeley Castle 8 

Chapel of St. Mary, Berkeley Castle . . . . 8 

Nave of Berkeley Church, with Pillars ... 8 

Pinnacle, with witch of Berkeley ..... 8 

Berkeley Tombs, Berkeley Church 8 

Roof of Berkeley Chapel, Berkeley Church . . 8 

Abraham Vernatti 8 

Count Michael Vernatti 8 

Sir Philibert Vernatti 8 

Mary, Wife of Sir Philibert Vernatti .... 8 

Ann Margareta, Wife of Francis Edwards ... 8 

Mary, Daughter of Francis Edwards .... 8 

Plan of Church of St. Michael and All Angels, 

Bishop's Cleeve . . . . . . . . i6 

Norman Doorway, Cleeve Church i6 

South Aisle of Cleeve Church . . . . . i6 

South Aisle of Cleeve Church, showing Western 

Gallery of Nave i6 

Prince Arthur's Chapel . . . . . . . 

Tomb of King John . 24 



viii List of Illustrations. 

Page 

Ground-Plan of Worcester Cathedral .... 24 

Worcester Cathedral Misereres (3) . . . . 24 

North Chapel, Badgworth . ... . . . 32 

St. George's Church, Brockworth ..... 32 

Brockworth Court . 32 

St. Mary's Church, Witcombe . . . . . . 32 

Piscina, St. Mary's, Cheltenham 32 

Piscina, Bishop's Cleeve . . . . . . . 32 

Stoke Orchard Church ........ 32 

Southam Delabere Chapel 32 

Gloucester Cathedral Misereres (24) .... 64 

Alexander's Journey to the Sky 81 

The "Stag and Hounds," Old Market Street, Bristol 113 



PROCEEDINGS 
At the Annual Spring Meeting, 
At Berkeley and North Nibley, 
Tuesday, June 6th, 1905. 



Although the Society had visited Berkeley and its 
immediate neighbourhood upon more than one of their 
excursions, those pleasant visits fell some years ago, and 
the Council were justified in again journeying to this part of 
the country, more especially as with a peep at the quaint 
little town, the castle, and the church, they combined 
a ride to North Nibley, where, besides the fine scenery 
to gladden the eye, there are traditions of Tyndale, the 
first translator of the whole Bible into Enghsh. There 
are few places easily inspected in a day in this part of 
England that are more interesting than the small but ancient 
town which is pleasantly situated in the fertile Berkeley 
Vale. The town grew up under the protection of the castle, 
a fortress always to be associated with the murder of Edward 
II., though a more agreeable reminiscence is that which 
connects Berkeley with Dr. Jenner, who introduced the 
practice of vaccination. The weather was anything but 
favourable for an outdoor gathering, but, despite this 
drawback, a large party assembled, those from Bristol and 
those from the northern part of the county uniting at 
Berkeley Road, whence they reached the Berkeley station. 
Here vehicles were in attendance to convey them into the 
town. About 150 ladies and gentlemen assembled, and 

2 

Vol. XXVIII. 



2 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



as this number could not with any comfort be all accommo- 
dated at one time at the castle, a division of forces was 
made, one section proceeding to the church and the other to 
the castle, so that the time might be utilised until luncheon, 
after which the two parties reversed the order, and thus all 
were enabled to see the interesting structures and listen to 
the description of details by the General Secretary and other 
experts. 

Members found much to interest them in the church of St. Mary, 
which consists of a nave, 95 feet long, with north and south aisles, north 
porch with parvise and a south porch, and a chancel, with a modern 
vestry on the north side and the burial chapel of the Lords of Berkeley on 
the south side. A detached tower, built in 1753, stands far away from 
the church. It is said that attached to the tower which previously stood 
on its site were the remains of an eariy church, but nothing is known of 
its history. 

The church, with its noble west front and graceful arcades, seems to 
belong to an unfinished conception of some thirteenth-century architect, 
the western flanking towers, the central tower, and the transepts of which 
were never built. 

Had it not been suggested by Mr. E. A. Freeman^ that the Early 
English work of the nave belongs to the time of Thomas, the second 
Lord Berkeley of that name, 1281-1321, we might have attributed it to 
his predecessor, Maurice II., 1243-1281, and to the last decade of his 
life. 

Before entering the sacred building it is well to examine the west front. 
Supporting the end of the nave are two large buttresses, the northern one 
containing a staircase which leads to the roof. The great west window 
has five trefoil-headed lights grouped together in a framework of Early 
English hood-moulding with banded shafts and foliated capitals. The 
lights increase in height and width towards the centre. Below this 
window is an elegant cinquefoil-headed doorway with an obtuse-angled 
arch of many orders of masonry, set between two blank arches. Above 
all these are one rectangular and two acute-angled gabled hoods. The 
terminations of the nave aisles contain each a three-light window with 
simple fourteenth-century tracery. 

Low roofs have been substituted for the original high-pitched Early 
English roofs. This change was probably the outcome of economy ; the 
old rafters, being found to be decayed where they rested on the wall- 
plates, were shortened and used again at a much lower and wider angle. 

1 £cc/m"o^og^is^ for 1854, No. Cr. 



Berkeley. 



3 



The old oak door at the west end still bears traces of a fight which took 
place in and outside the church during the Civil War. There are holes 
through which the defenders fired their muskets, and bullet marks from, 
the besiegers' guns. ' 

We enter the church by a fourteenth-century north porch, above which 
the fifteenth-century builders have erected a parvise or priest's chamber. 
A good stone vaulting springs from corbels with grotesque carving. 

On the south side of the church there is a transitional Norman door- 
way, a relic it may be of the twelfth-century church, said to have been 
built by Robert Fitzharding, 1095-1170. 

Viewing the interior from the west end, one cannot fail to be struck 
with the beauty of the nave arcades. Indeed they approach perfection, 
with their twelve clustered columns, floriated capitals and pointed arches. 
The section of the pier is a lozenge with four shafts set diagonally to 
the four cardinal points, and four intermediate ones, all filleted. The 
sculptured foliage is of the thirteenth-century conventional type, the label 
terminations are heads with head-dresses of the time of Edward I. One 
of these labels is very similar to a corbel in the chapel of the castle which 
bears the strange device of a toad resting its fore legs on the heads of two 
young persons. 

The nave roof is of timber, low pitched, and of fifteenth-century 
workmanship. The corbels from whence it springs belong to the earlier 
fourteenth-century roof. The space above the arches on the north side is 
bare and unpierced ; on the south side the clerestory windows are too low 
and narrow. In the north-west angle of the nave is a structure which has 
puzzled many ; a staircase terminating in a platform, composed of three 
overlapping brackets, each ornamented with a human head. This 
platform, which has been ruthlessly cut away on its south side, suggests 
the existence at one time of a western gallery which passed in front of the 
great west window. Beneath the second arch from the east on the south 
side of the nave, is an altar-tomb on which rest the effigies of Thomas III. 
gth Lord Berkeley, who died in 1361, and his second wife Katherine. 
In the windows hard by are the figures of three of their infant children. 

The obtuse-angled chancel arch, with its clustered responds, looks as 
though it had been taken down and reset at a much higher level. 

The stone rood screen, an unusual feature in Gloucestershire, has three 
compartments: the lower part was originally filled with plain masonry, 
but the nineteenth-century restorers have pierced it and inserted tracery. 
The doorways and newel staircase leading to the rood-loft still remain. 
Above the screen may be seen a wall-painting representing the Last 
Judgment. Close to the screen a Roman tile, with the letters dclvi., — 
" Decurio legionis sextse," has been built into the wall. 

The aisles of the nave were reconstructed in the fourteenth century ; 



4 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



the south aisle, which has a roll under the windows externally, is earlier 
than the north aisle, which has no string course. These aisle windows 
are not interesting examples of Decorated architecture, if we except the 
round window over the south door. Similar round windows occur at 
Tewkesbury, Cheltenham, Charlton Kings, and elsewhere in Gloucester- 
shire. A drawing of the Berkeley one is given in the Glossary of 
Architecture, plate 261.^ 

There were three chantries at least in Berkeley Church, in honour 
•of St. Maurice, St. Mar} , and St. Andrew ; and the piscinae of the altars 
may be seen at the east ends of the nave and its aisles. There are also 
cedilla in the south wall of the south aisle. 

The chancel, which is only 43 feet long and scarcely worthy of such 
a fine nave, has side windows of three or four different periods. The 
great fifteenth-century window consists of nine lights under a four-centred 
arch. There is an Easter sepulchre on the north side of the altar. 

A doorway, now closed, leads into the beautiful fifteenth-century 
burial chapel of the Lords of Berkeley. Beneath an arch which separates 
the chancel from this chapel, resting on an altar-tomb enriched with 
sculpture, lies the effigy of James, iith Lord Berkeley, who built 
the chapel and died in 1463. Beside him is the smaller effigy of his 
second son Tames, who was slain in France whilst serving under the 
■celebrated John Talbot. 

At the east end of the chapel is the tomb of Henry, 17th Lord 
Berkeley, who died in 1613, with his effigy and the effigy of his first 
wife, the Lady Catherine. These and the other Berkeley effigies were 
drawn and described by Mrs. Bagnall Oakeley for our Society (see 
Transactions, vol. xv. , pp. 94, 95, 99, and 100). 

The sculptured pinnacles on the exterior of the Berkeley Chapel and 
the bosses of its vaulted roof deserve far more attention than has hitherto 
been given to them. Through the kindness of Dr. Oscar Clark we are 
able to give photographs of some of them. 

The face of the parapet is enriched with strawberry leaves and with 
figures of angels holding shields. The buttresses are surmounted by 
pyramidal pinnacles, crocketed at the angles and terminated in finials. 
In front of one of these pinnacles is a large figure excellently carved. 
Thanks to the courtesy of Messrs. George Bell and Sons, publishers, 
of York Street, Covent Garden, we are able to reproduce the illustration 
of St. George and the Dragon from the late Mr. Bloxham's Principles of 
■Gothic Ecclesiastical Architecture. 

On another pinnacle is a figure representing the Witch of Berkeley 
borne away on the back of the devil. Her legend, which appears in the 
Polichronicon of Reinulph of Chester, has been made the subject of a 
ballad by Southey. 

1 Plate 163, 4th Ed., 1845. 



Berkeley. 



5 



The vaulting bosses represent the Annunciation and Assumption of the 
Blessed Virgin, the Holy Trinity, and our Lord in glory. There are^ 
moreover, symbols of the four Evangelists, adoring angels, the Knot and 
the Mermaid, badges of the Berkeley family, ^nd some grotesques. This 
chapel is in need of careful repair. In the churchyard are the tombs 
of Thomas Pearce, five times Mayor of Berkeley, and of Richard Pearce,^ 
the Earl of Suffolk's fool. 

Some remarks of Canon Stackhouse on this interesting church appear 
in our Transactions, vol. xv., pp. 1-3, and a paper by the late Mr, J. H. 
Cooke in vol. vi., pp. 307-309. Illustrations of crosses, &c., found during 
the restoration of Berkeley Church in 1865 are given in our Transactions, 
vol. iii., p. 257. 

The exterior of the castle and those parts of the interior thrown open 
were inspected, and Canon Bazeley gave a brief address in the great hall, 
which he said was, like those halls at Oxford and Cambridge, entered 
through a vestibule. There were arrangements for passing the dishes 
from the buttery, and the custom which prevailed in mediaeval times was 
preserved at the Universities. Alluding to the shell keep of the castle, 
he said a shell keep was an old Saxon mound, with palisades in pre- 
Norman times, and in Norman times cased with stonework. Much 
interest was felt by the visitors in the chapel, a charming feature in the 
interior, and the valuable paintings on the grand staircase were also 
viewed with gratification. In addition to portraits of the celebrated men 
and women of earlier years is the likeness of the late Lord Fitzhardinge,. 
which was presented to him at a county meeting in the Shire Hall, 
Gloucester. The chair presented by Sir Francis Drake to Queen Elizabeth,, 
Queen Anne's chair, and other objects which had royal associations, 
were also pointed out by the attendants. The programme of the day's 
excursion, prepared by the General Secretary, was like other productions 
of his of a similar description — full of interest. 

This castle was founded in the year 1154 by Robert Fitzhardiog^ 
Propositus of Bristol, on the site of an earlier stronghold consisting of an 
artificial mound surmounted by a stockade. 

It will be observed that the castle, church, and town of Berkeley stand 
on a plateau some fifty feet above the meadows lying to the south and 
west. The castle occupies the southern extremity of this high ground ; a 
little to the north is the parish church, and beyond is the ancient free 
borough of Berkeley. 

The castle was defended on the north and west by the deep moat 
which isolated it from the church and town. On the south and east the 
ground sloping towards the meadows was scarped and rendered steeper by 
the hand of man. The meadows — now highly fertile and well-drained — 
are almost on a level with the River Severn. In the Middle Ages they 



6 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



became in wet weather an impassable morass, and at other times were 
capable of inundation. 

Remains of Roman civiUsation have been found at Berkeley and its 
immediate neighbourhood, and the form of the town has been adduced 
as evidence of its Roman origin. 

In the chapel of the castle is a small slab, perhaps part of an altar, of 
Roman workmanship. It represents the sacrifice of a pig. There are 
three human figures: Hsrcules with his club, a female, and a priest 
standing at a horned altar. This is said to have been found near the 
castle. A Roman tile is preserved in the church. 

The fact that Tilhere and Ethelhun, bishops of Worcester a.d. 778-781 
and 915-922 respectively, were previously abbots of Berkeley, is a proof 
that there was a religious house here for some centuries before the 
Conquest. This house stood, no doubt, at Oldminster ; its site is now 
covered by railway sidings. 

There was also a nunnery at Berkeley, possessing numerous estates, 
suppressed in the time of Edward the Confessor, at the instigation of Earl 
Godwin, 1 

Berkeley Hernesse or Lordship appears in Domesday Survey as a 
royal demesne, and Berkeley as a free borough, held of the king by 
Roger de Berkeley at a fee-farm rent equal to /500 and more ot 
modern money. 

No mention is made in the Survey of a castle here, but Roger 
de Berkeley claims a castellulum at Ness (Sharpness on the Severn). 

William the Conqueror visited Berkeley in 1080, and the town 
and lordship were laid waste by the barons who were in arms against 
William Rufus. 

Three Roger de Berkeleys — father, son, and grandson — held Berkeley 
in succession as servants in fee-farm during the wars of Stephen and 
Matilda. The last of these refused to pay his rent, and he was in conse- 
quence dispossessed by Henry, who in 11 53 gave the lordship to his 
adherent, Robert, son of Harding, a citizen of Bristol, with a promise to 
build a castle for him at Berkeley, 

Roger de Berkeley, unwilling to submit to what he naturally considered 
an injustice, kept up a kind of guerilla warfare against Robert Fitzharding 
until, at the suggestion of Duke Henry, a modus vivendi was agreed upon 
about November, 1153. A double marriage was arranged between the 
sons and daughters of Robert Fitzharding and Roger de Berkeley. The 
former was established as lord of Berkeley Hernesse, and Roger de 
Berkeley and his heir obtained a confirmation of certain manors at 
Dursley and elsewhere. Two branches of the older family "of Berkeley" 
flourished- -one at Dursley till 1382, the other at Cubberley till 1414, 
1 Domesday Book, f. i6.[, (Jdecestie. 



Berkeley. 



7 



•when the family estates passed away with the marriages of heiresses. 
The male descendants of Robert Fitzharding have continued, with the 
exception of a temporary alienation to the Crown during the reigns of the 
Tudor kings, to possess the lordship till the present time. 

There can be hardly any other example of a Norman baronial castle 
•inhabited by its founder and his heirs for more than seven hundred years. 
A plan which has been reproduced from Mr. G. T. Clark's admirable 
paper on Berkeley Castle in the Transactions of this Society, vol. i., will 
•enable us to recognise the various parts of the castle which exist at the 
present time. 

The castle is approached by a permanent bridge over the moat which 
superseded the drawbridge in 1587, and the outer gate-house [d] remains, 
but the flanking tower and curtain have disappeared. 

On passing through the portal the visitor finds himself in a triangular 
■courtyard [c] , of which the outer gate-house is the apex and the inner 
gate-house and the keep [a] the base. This outer court is a ward or 
barbican covering the main entrance and the keep. The breach in the 
west wall of the keep which was partially made by Colonel Rainsborough 
during the siege in 1645 was enlarged in 1648 by command of Cromwell, 
when the castle was restored to George, Lord Berkeley. 

The large bell in the centre of the outer court was brought from 
China by Captain Dew, of H.M.S. Encounter, and presented to Lord 
Fitzhardinge. 

The inner gate [e] , which appears to be of fourteenth-century or 
Decorated architecture, connects the keep with a range of domestic 
buildings. 

On passing through the double archway with its portcullis groove the 
visitor enters the great court of the castle [b] , an irregular rectangular 
space having the domestic buildings on the south, east and north, and the 
keep [a] with its fore building [f] on the west. The early Norman castle 
at first consisted of the keep with two wards surrounded by a lofty wall or 
curtain and a deep moat. 

On entering the great court the visitor sees on his right the State 
drawing-rooms and other apartments. In front of him are the chapel and 
bell tower, the great hall, the butteries, and the kitchen; on his left various 
domestic offices and the keep. 

Of these buildings the keep is the earliest in date and the most 
interesting. It is what is known as a shell keep, and is about 50 yards 
in diameter, including the walls, which are about 8 feet thick. The 
■original mound of earth, which the lower part of the walls enclose, is about 
22 feet high. The walls outside are 62 feet high, and inside 40 feet. 

Projecting from the walls of the keep are three half-round towers, or 
bastion turrets, 20 feet in diameter, which seem to have been open inside. 



8 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



or only closed with timber. The turret projecting to the east contains an 
oratory or chapel, dedicated to St. John Baptist, and a well [g] . This 
building is now used as a muniment room. 

The second half-round tower to the south [g] contains a dungeon 
25 feet deep and a room above in which the unfortunate Edward II. is 
said to have been imprisoned. The third tower to the south-west also 
contains a dungeon. It is blocked up, and concealed by buildings of a 
later date. Besides these, there is a large rectangular tower to the north, 
called the " Thorpe " tower [h] , because the family of that name held the 
manor of Wanswell by the tenure of its defence. This tower has east 
and west turrets ; the turret on the east contains a staircase of 54 steps, 
leading to the battlements. The view from the summit of the Thorpe 
tower is extensive and beautiful. The entrance to the keep is by a covered 
staircase on the east side [f] . Above the gateway is a small chamber, 
lighted by two windows and a lancet loop, in which, tradition says, 
Edward II. was imprisoned. This chamber contains an ancient bedstead,, 
with hangings of needlework. 

The main entrance to the keep at the top of the staircase consists of a 
handsome Norman gateway, with a plain tympanum and one ornamented 
shaft on the exterior, and chevron-pattern jambs within. On the outer 
wall of the keep are nine narrow pilasters or buttresses. The inner wall 
appears to have been lined with lodgings for the soldiers ; these were no 
doubt constructed of wood. 

The chapel, dedicated to St. Mary the Virgin [j], occupies the south- 
east angles of the great court. It has a semi-hexagonal apse, a vestry, 
and a mural passage, or aisle, on the south side, which opens to the 
chapel by four foliated arches, corresponding to windows pierced in the 
outer wall of the castle. 

A Tudor gallery at the west end serves as a family pew. The supporters 
of the royal arms, a greyhound and a dragon, were used by Henry VII. 
and Henry VIII. 

The chapel contains some good late sixteenth-century glass, a few 
mediaeval floor and wall tiles (embossed), and funeral escutcheons and 
banners. 

On the walls and roof of this chapel, in the fourteenth-century style of 
handwriting, are passages from the Revelation of St. John, translated from 
the Vulgate by the learned Cornishman, Trevisa, who served as chaplain 
to three Lords Berkeley from 1357 to 1412. 

The walls of the chapel are Norman, but the roof and other parts are 
Decorated. In the reign of Edward III. a bull was obtained from 
Pope Urban V., 1362-1370, granting spiritual privileges to those who 
worshipped in this chapel, and in the Oratory of St. John the Baptist in 
the keep. 



i 




ORrar W. C/<trl; Photo. 

CHAPEL OF ST. MARY, BERKELEY CASTLE. 




NAVE OF P^ERKELEY CHURCH, WITH PILLARS 



•(//■ ir. Clark, Vh-ito. 

PINNACLE, WITH WITCH OF 
BERKELEY. 



Abraham Vernatti. 



Count Michael Vernatti. 




Sir Philibert Vernatti. Mary, wife of 

Sir Philibert Vernatti. 




^Ann Margareta, wife of ~ Mary, daughter of 

Francis Edwards Francis Edwards. 



Berkeley. 



9 



Below the chapel is a crypt or cellar with stone vaulting springing 
from shafts of a late Norman character. 

From the chapel and great drawing-room a seventeenth-century 
staircase descends to the great hall [l], which is said to be 62 ft. long 
by 32ft. wide and 32^ ft. high. On the w^st side are four flat-headed 
windows divided into four by transoms. On the east side are three 
fourteenth-century windows inserted in the ancient Norman wall or 
curtain. One of them communicates by a flight of stone stairs with the 
terrace walks beneath. 

The tattered banners are said to have belonged to the regiment which 
Augustus, 4th Earl and 22nd Baron Berkeley, commanded at Culloden. 
The windows are filled with the armorial bearings of the families with 
which the Lords of Berkeley intermarried from 11 15 to 1785 

A list of the pictures in the hall and on the great staircase has been 
provided for visitors. 

At the west end of the hall, behind the modern screen and below the 
minstrels' gallery, are three fine "Berkeley" arches opening into the 
butteries [m]. The kitchen [n], which is said to have been re-roofed by 
Henry VII., when Berkeley was a royal manor, lies to the west, and is an 
irregular hexagon. The larders, dairy, and bakehouse [o] are beyond the 
kitchen on the north side of the great court. 

Harding, the father of the founder of the castle, is said to have been 
the son of a Danish king, but no satisfactory evidence has been adduced 
in favour of the tradition. He appears to have accompanied William the 
Conqueror to England, and to have received grants of land in or near 
Bristol, where he settled and became Propositus. He was succeeded in 
this office by his son Robert, who having rendered very important services 
to Henry, son of Queen Matilda, was rewarded by him by a grant of the 
Lordship of Berkeley and a new castle. Robert 1. founded the Abbey of 
St. Augustine, Bristol, now the cathedral. He and his descendants for 
several centuries were generous patrons of the church, and the effigies | 
which have been placed to their memory in the churches which they 
have founded or enriched are amongst the finest we possess in this 
county. 1 

Robert II., 3rd Lord Berkeley, took a prominent part in the struggle 
between the barons and King John which led to the grant of Magna 
Charta. Thomas II.. 6th Lord, fought at Evesham, and he and his son 
Maurice were amongst the prisoners at the fatal battle of Bannockburn. 
Thomas III., 8th Lord, received the fallen King Edward II. at Berkeley 
Castle in April, 1327, and treating him with courtesy and consideration, 
was ordered to withdraw to his manor house of Wotton-under-Edge. On 
September 27th Edward IL was murdered in the most barbarous manner 
1 See Transactions, vol. xv., p. 89. 



lo Transactions for the Year 1905. 

hy Gournay and Maltravers. The Abbots of Kingswood, Bristol, and 
Malmesbury refused burial to the dead sovereign, fearing the anger of 
Queen Isabella ; but John Thoky, Abbot of St. Peter's, Gloucester, who 
Avas more courageous, pitiful, and far-seeing, hastened to Berkeley and 
brought back the royal corpse in state to his abbey church, where it was 
buried on the north side of the presbytery. The tide of popular feeling 
turned, and the dead tyrant became a martyr. Thousands of pilgrims 
visited his grave at Gloucester, and riches poured in on the monks of 
St. Peter, enabling them to reconstruct nearly the whole of their church. 
Lord Berkeley was charged with the murder of the king, but was 
honourably acquitted. He and his son Maurice took part in the French 
wars of Edward III., and helped him to win Cressy and Calais. 

In 1417, owing to the death of Thomas IV., loth Lord, without male 
heirs, a period of litigation commenced between the families of Berkeley 
and Warwick, which only ended with the death of young Lord de Lisle at 
the battle of Nibley Green, March 20th, 1470. 

William, 12th Lord, the victor of Nibley Green, died childless in 1491, 
and left all his possessions to King Henry VII. and his heirs male. His 
brother Maurice was thus disinherited. 

On the death of Edward VI. the castle and manors reverted to Henry, 
17th Lord, having been alienated from the family for sixty-one years. 

At the commencement of the Civil War in 1642 Berkeley Castle was 
seized and garrisoned by the parliamentary troops, but it fell into the 
hands of King Charles after the capture of Bristol in 1643. In 1645 it 
was besieged by Colonel Rainsborough and surrendered after three days' 
struggle. The church was taken by assault and much injured. George, 
i8th Lord Berkeley, took no active part in the war, but his sympathies 
were evidently with the king. In 1646 he was impeached for high treason ; 
but the trial came to nothing, and the castle was restored to him with a 
breach in the keep which made it incapable of defence. 

The Lords of Berkeley have been fortunate in having one of the ablest 
family historians that ever lived — John Smyth of Nibley, steward of the 
Berkeley manors from 1596 to 1641. His two principal works, TIic Lives 
of the Berkeley's and The History of the Hundred of Berkeley have been 
printed by the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society for 
its subscribing members, with the courteous permission of the late 
Lord Fitzhardinge, and may be obtained at the original subscription 
price. 

An interesting account of John Smyth and his works was contributed 
by his worthy successor, as steward and antiquary, the late Mr. James 
Herbert Cooke, to the Transactions of this Society in 1880, to whom and 
to the late Mr. G. T. Clark a deep debt of gratitude is due for the 
information to be obtained from their papers. 

i 



Berkeley. 



II 



THE EARLIER LORDS OF BERKELEY. 



Name. Date. Place of Burial. 



Robert Fitz Harding ., 




-II70 

/ 


St. Augustine's Abbey, Bri; 


Maurice I. 


II70— 


-I189 . 


.. Brentford. 


Robert II. 


. I189- 


-1220 


St. Augustine's. 


Thomas I. 


1220— 


-1243 




Maurice II. 


1243 — 


-T281 




Thomas II. 


.. 1281- 


-1^21 




Maurice III. 


1^21 — 


-1326 




Thomas III. 


1326— 


■ I361 


Nave of Berkeley Church. 


Maurice IV. 


I361 — 


-1368 ., 


St. Augustine's. 


Thomas IV. 


1368- 


-I417 .. 


,. Wotton-under-Edge. 


James I. 


,. I417- 


-1463 .. 


,. Chapel, Berkeley Church. 


Wilham 


. 1463- 


-I49I 


,. Austin Fryers, London. 


Maurice V. ^ 


I49I- 


-1506 ., 




Maurice VI. | 


^ 1506- 


-1523 


,. Calais. 


Thomas V. 


^ 1523- 


-1532 .. 


t. Augustine's. 


Thomas VI. ^ 


1532- 


-1534 •• 


. Stone, Kent. 


Henry- 


. 1534- 


-1613 .. 


,. Chapel, Berkeley Church. 


George I. 


• 1613- 


-1658 .. 


. Cranford. 



After luncheon the party proceeded in brakes to North Nibley, some 
five miles distant, to visit the Great House, by the courteous invitation of 
Colonel and Miss Noel. It rained heavily during the whole journey, and 
this deterred many from making the excursion ; but those who went had a 
delightful time in viewing the unique collection of family portraits and 
other heirlooms belonging to Colonel Noel, who kindly gave the visitors 
many interesting details with regard to them. 

The picturesque little village of North Nibley, lying on the north-west 
slopes of Nibley Knoll, is known in history from its proximity to Nibley 
Green, the scene of a conflict between William, 12th Lord Berkeley, 
and Lord Lisle in 1470, a year before the Battle of Tewkesbury. Lord 
Lisle was slain by an archer of Dean Forest, and his manor house at 
Wotton-under-Edge was sacked by the victors. England was so disturbed 
at this time by the rival claims of Lancastrians and Yorkists, that this 
private encounter between two noblemen and their armed retainers was 
almost unnoticed. 2 

On the supposition that Nibley was the birthplace of William Tyndale, 
the translator of the Bible into English, Nibley Knoll was selected in 1865 
as the site of his monument. ^ 



1 Disinherited. 2 Atkyns, Gloucestershire, pp. 302, 330, 

3 Transactions, ii. 29-46. 



12 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



In Westridge Wood, to the south-west of the Knoll, there are two lines 
of entrenchments and mounds known as Blackenbury Camp, described by 
Mr. George Witts in his Archcsological Handbook of Gloucestershire, page 6, 
and a great number of pit dwellings. 

Nibley was the home for more than forty years of John Smyth, 
steward of Berkeley and historian of its lords and hundred. 

He owned two houses in this parish, one of which, Smallcombe Court, 
he built in i6og, and gave to his son George in his lifetime. Over the 
front entrance he placed the following letters : — 



Mr. Jortin destroyed this house in 1807, but left the doorway standing. 

A view of Nibley House, occupied by John Smyth and his descendants, 
is given in Atkyns. It was taken down in 1763 by George Smyth, the 
great-grandson of the historian, and he built on its site "The Great 
House," in which Colonel Noel now lives. ^ A view of the present house 
IS given in Rudder. 

The collection of family portraits in the Great House was described 
by their possessor, Colonel Noel. It is needful, therefore, only to mention 
a few of the more interesting and the names of the painters to whom they 
are attributed. 

In the drawing-room: Miss Vernatti, as "Diana"; Lord and Lady 
Gainsborough and three Ladies Noel; Lord Anne Hamilton, Mary his 
wife, and two other studies by Hogarth ; Lord and Lady Gainsborough, 
by Godfrey Kneller ; Hon. Mrs. William Noel and Hon. Louisa Noel, by 
Beechy ; Lady Jane Stanley, by Sir Thomas Lawrence ; Duke of Richmond, 
by Romney ; Ladies E. and S. Noel, by Sir P. Lely, &c. 

In the hall : Charles I., James I., Anne of Denmark, Elizabeth, 
Queen of Bohemia, &c., and many old Dutch portraits on panel by 
Miraveldt. By the kindness of Colonel Noel, we are enabled to give six 
illustrations of this fine series of Vernatti portraits from an interesting 
monograph which he has lately written. ^ 

In the dining-room: Henrietta Maria; Juliana, Lady Campden, by 
Lely ; Henry Noel, 6th Earl of Gainsborough ; the Duke of Bolton ; 
the Earl of Pembroke ; the Duke of Parma ; Elizabeth, Queen of 
Bohemia, &c. 

There are also many miniatures, some pieces of furniture of great 
artistic and historical interest, and excellent china. 

The party were most kindly and hospitably entertained to tea by Miss 



the initials of 



N.M. 
S.P. 
Nunc mei, 
Sed postea 



M.H. 
N.C. 

Mox hujus ; 
Nescio cujus. 



1 Transactions, v. 212-221. 
1 The Vernatti Family, by Colonel W. F, N. Noel, 1905. 



North Nibley. 



13 



Noel. The church, which is dedicated to St. Martin, and was formerly a 
chapel attached to Wotton, consists of a nave with south aisle, west tower, 
and north porch, and a chancel which seems to have been almost rebuilt 
in the restoration of 1866. Above the chajicel arch is a sanctus bell-cot. 
The nave has a fifteenth-century arcade of five pointed arches with octagonal 
piers and capitals. The flat perpendicular roof springs from corbels with 
interesting carvings. There are monuments in the church to John Smyth, 
who died in 1640, and to Grace, his first wife, who died in 1609. Leaving 
North Nibley, the party were driven to Berkeley Road Station, where they 
left by their respective trains for Bristol and Gloucester. ^ 

The arrangements for the meeting were, as usual, most carefully made, 
and reflected great credit upon those who took a leading part. Among these 
were Mr. F. F. Fox (President of the Council), Mr. G. M. Currie (Hon. 
General Treasurer), and Canon Bazeley (Hon. General Secretary). Much 
regret was expressed at the absence through illness of Mr. John E. 
Pritchard, the energetic Hon. Secretary for Bristol. A special debt of 
gratitude was due to Canon Bazeley for the most interesting programme, 
and to Dr. Oscar Clarke for the pictures which illustrated it. 



PROCEEDINGS 

At the Annual Summer Meeting, 

At Cheltenham and Worcester, 

Tuesday, Wednesday, and Thursday, July 11th, 12th, 
and 13th. 1905. 



The Annual Summer Meeting commenced at Cheltenham, 
and the opening meeting was held in the Town Hall, when 
Mr. F. F. Fox presided in the absence of the Dean of 
Hereford, who wrote regretting that important business kept 
him away. There was a good muster of the members, 
amongst those present being Mr. F. F. Fox (President of 
the Council), Bishop Mitchinson (President), the Rev. 
C. S. Taylor (Hon. Editor), Mr. G. M. Currie (Hon. 
Treasurer), Canon Bazeley (Hon. General Secretary), 
Mr. John E. Pritchard (Hon. Secretary, Bristol), Sir 
Brook Kay, Bart., together with many ladies. 

Canon Bazeley (the Hon. General Secretary) presented 
the report of the Council for the past year as follows : — 

Council Report, 1904-5. 

The Council of the Bristol and Gloucestershire Archaeological Society 
present the following report for the year ending July iith, 1905. There 
are at present 455 annual members, 92 life members, and 3 honorary 
members on the Society's list, giving a total strength of 550 members. 

The income of the Society for the year ending December 31st, 1904, 
including a balance of /208 13s. 4d. on January ist, 1904, was 
;^528 OS. I id., and the expenditure was /373 os. od., leaving a balance 
of OS. I id. in the Treasurer's hands on December 31st, 1904. From 

this balance should be deducted the cost of the Society's Transactions for 



Council Report. 



15 



1904, the first part of which is in the member's hands, and the second part 
is nearly ready for issue. Besides this balance, the Society has a funded 
capital of £S^2 3s. 8d. consols, worth at the present price about 
^748 IS. iid. 

The Council would again point out that the Transactions are only 
issued to those members who have paid their subscriptions for the respec- 
tive year, and that a great deal of unnecessary work falls on the honorary 
officers of the Society by subscriptions being allowed to remain in arrear. 

The Society has held two annual meetings since the presentation of the 
last report at Hereford, under the presidency of the Dean of Hereford,, 
on July i2th, 13th, and 14th, 1904, and at Berkeley on June 6th, 1905. 
The proceedings at Hereford are duly chronicled in the twenty-seventh 
volume of the Transactions, and a valuable paper on " Some Gloucestershire 
MSS. in Hereford Cathedral Library," by Mr. Langton Browne, an outcome 
of the Society's visit, appears in the same volume. An account of the 
Berkeley meeting will be given in vol. xxviii. 

The Council wishes to express its obligations to Lord Fitzhardinge 
for allowing the members to visit his historic castle on a day of the 
week on which it is not as a rule open to visitors ; and to thank Colonel 
Noel for his very hospitable reception of the Society at the Great House, 
North Nibley. 

The attention of the Council has been called to the dangerous con- 
dition of the Berkeley Chapel, in Berkeley Church, where the members 
were most kindly received by the vicar, the Rev. Canon Stackhouse. 
They trust that no time will be lost in strengthening the foundations 
and repairing the screen and the vaulting. 

The Council, in accordance with the wish of the Bristol Local 
Committee, have gladly arranged to rent a room at the Literary and 
Philosophic Club, Clifton, and have placed there a set of the Society's 
publications. There have been, moreover, some gifts of books which it is 
hoped may form the nucleus of a branch of the Society's library at the 
Bristol headquarters. 

The Council regret that, owing to the illness of the printer selected to 
print the Ilhistrated List of Gloucestershire Church Plate, and his consequent 
resignation of the work, the issue has been long [delayed. They hope, 
however, that it will be in the hands of those members who are entitled 
to it, and of others who subscribe for it, this autumn. The Council again, 
would express their gratitude to the Rev. J. T. Evans, Rector of Stow-on- 
the-Wold, who has edited the work for the Society. 

The report of the Committee appointed to describe sthe Bristol and 
Gloucestershire effigies has been continued in the|Society's Trawsac/'/ows, 
and the Council feel that a debt of gratitude is owed to Miss I. M. 
Roper for her indefatigable labours in connection with the Bristol 



1 6 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



•examples, which have led to such excellent results. It is proposed to 
issue with vol. xxviii. some illustrations of Bristol effigies to insert in 
Miss Roper's papers which appear in vols. xxvi. and xxvii. Certain 
rural deaneries have not yet completed their reports, and the Council 
would gladly accept further offers of assistance. 

The Roman pavements at Great Witcombe have suffered wilful damage 
at the hands of visitors, and the attention of the owner, Mr. W. Hicks- 
Beach, having been cal'ed to the matter, he has taken measures to 
preserve them. It is a strange infatuation that leads persons, not always 
of the poorer classes, to break up beautiful mosaic patterns in order to 
possess themselves dishonestly of a few tesserae which cannot possibly 
in themselves have any interest or intrinsic value. 

The long barrow, known as Hetty Peglar's Tump, at Uley was some 
twenty years ago placed under the protection of the Government by the 
•owner, Colonel Kingscote, and a grant was made for its repair and for 
railing it in. Again, through the depredations of foolish individuals, 
mischief has been done to the main passage, and the iron railings require 
attention. The Council have asked the Rev. S. E. Bartleet, Mr. Phelps, and 
the General Secretary to act as a Restoration Committee ; and application 
has been made to the Board of Works, through Mr. Stafford Howard, for 
a small grant. 

The loan Magic Lantern Slide Collection of the Society has been 
considerably increased this year by gifts from Mr. Dugdale, Dr. Oscar 
Clark, Colonel Routh and others, and also by purchases. There is now 
a fine series of Gloucester, Tewkesbury, Worcester and Ripple misereres, 
to which the Council would be glad to add slides of the Bristol and 
Malvern examples. A circular has been issued to members giving a 
preliminary list and the terms for hire. 

Evening meetings of the Society have been held during the past winter 
at Bristol, Gloucester, Cheltenham, and Tewkesbury, and many interesting 
lectures and papers have been contributed. 

The Council hope that the forthcoming visit of the Society to Wor- 
cester may lead to steps being taken for transcribing the episcopal 
registers, as far as they relate to Bristol and Gloucestershire, and printing 
them for the use of students of local ecclesiastical history. 

The Rev. A. C. Douglas, Rector of Hatherop and Diocesan Religious 
Inspector, has very kindly offered his help in the matter, and the Council 
trust that his example will be followed by others. 

By arrangement with the British Record Society, six sheets of Glou- 
cestershire Inquisitions post-mortem and indices of Gloucester wills are 
issued annually with the Society's Tvansactions. The importance of these 
records is fully realised by all students of local history and genealogy. 

The excavations at Caerwent are being continued under the direction 




R. W. Dugdale, I'hoto. 

NORMAN DOORWAY, CLEEVE CHURCH. 




E. J. Neinihger, Photo. 

SOUTH AISLE OF CLEEVE CHURCH 



SOUTH AISLE OF CLEEVE CHURCH, 

SHOWING WESTERN GALLERY OF NAVE. 



Council Report. 



17 



•of a committee consisting partly of members of this Society and Council 
and the sum of £10 has been contributed from the funds of this Society 
towards the expenses to be incurred this year. Two previous grants have 
been given. 

The Council regret the loss by death of two of its members : of 
Mr. Waller, whose pain'^taking labours in connection with the repair 
of Gloucester Cathedral and of a large number of parochial churches 
extending over more than half a century needs only to be known to be 
appreciated ; and of Mr. Godfrey Seys, who as Local Secretary at 
Chepstow has rendered very valuable assistance to the Society on 
several occasions. 

The Council has held six meetings, three at Gloucester and three at 
Bristol, and desire to express their obligations to the Lord Mayor of 
Bristol for the use of the old Council Chamber and to the Guardians 
•of the Poor for Bristol for the use of the old Court Room at St. Peter's 
Hospital. 

The Council desire to nominate for election the Rev. A. W. Douglas 
as Local Secretary for Fairford. and the President of Council, the Vice- 
Presidents of the Society, the General Treasurer, the General Secretary, 
the Secretary for Bristol, and the Local Secretaries for re-election. 

The following members of the Council retire by rotation, but are 
eligible for re-election : The Rev. O. P. Wardell-Yarburgh, the Rev. W. 
Symonds, Dr. Oscar Clark, and Messrs. A. T. Martin, A. E. Hudd, 
F. Were, F. J. CuUis, A. C. Fryer, and St. Clair Baddeley. 

On the motion of Colonel W. F. N. Noel, seconded by 
Mr. W. M. Llewellyn, the report was adopted. 

Colonel Duke proposed the re-election of the Council for 
the ensuing year, with the addition of the name of Mr. 
McMuRTRiE. This was seconded by Mr. E. J. Swann, who 
thanked the Council for the great interest they had taken 
in the Bristol district. 

A vote of thanks was accorded to Mr. F. F. Fox for 
presiding at that meeting, and reference was made to the 
liard work he liad put in on behalf of the Society, and his 
great interest in it. 

Mr. F. F. Fox, in acknowledging the vote, thanked them . 
for the support which they had given to the Council. 

In proposing the Right Rev. Bishop Mitchinson as the 
president for the ensuing year, Mr. F. F. Fox said that he 
was the Master of Pembroke College, Oxford, and spoke of 

3 

Vol. XXVIII. 



i8 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



his sincere and enthusiastic love for archaeology. With his 
own hand he had photographed very many of the monastic 
buildings in the kingdom. He thought that under his 
leadership the Society would be greatly enriched by the 
learning' he showed and the enthusiasm he would infuse 
into it. This was seconded by Mr. Dyer Edwardes and 
carried. 

The president then proceeded to deliver his address, 
which is printed in this part of the Transactions. 

Mr. Dyer Edwardes proposed a vote of thanks to the 
president for his address. Mr. J. J. Sawyer seconded the 
resolution, which was cordially adopted. 

After lunch the members started in carriages for Badg- 
worth, where they were received at the church by the vicar 
(the Rev. J. H. Hodges) and Major Selwyn Payne, while 
Mr. Prothero gave most helpful information about the 
church. 

This church, which Rudder asserts is dedicated to St. Mary, but to 
which the dedication in the name of the Holy Trinity is also attributed, 
consists of a nave with porch and north chapel (St. Margaret's) and a 
chancel. As it stands, it is, with the exception of the chancel, mainly 
of fourteenth-century date, and it is conjectured that the head over the 
west window of the north chapel is that of Edward II., and the 
knight and lady near it those of Gilbert de Clare (d. 1314) and Maud, 
his wife. 

The chief glory, of the church consists in the windows and door of the 
north chapel, which are probably the most magnificent specimens of ball- 
flower ornament in existence. The flower itself is of the usual type, being 
like the little bells on a harness. The mouldings are of extreme richness. 
The present chancel replaces one which existed in the early sixties, and 
which was Georgian in character. There was no east window, and the east 
wall inside was covered from top to bottom by a large piece of tapestry 
representing Moses striking the rock(?), the removal of which from the 
church is much to be deplored. In front of it stood the old altar now in 
St, Margaret's Chapel 

An account of Badgworth and its church, by the late vicar, the 
Rev. A. W. Ellis, M.A., will be found in the Transactions, vol. xiii., 
pp. 63-68. 

From Badgworth the party journeyed to Brockworth, where, under 
the guidance of the vicar (the Rev. J. H. Seabrook), the church was 



Cheltenham. 



19 



inspected, while the Rev. S. E. Bartleet furnished those present with some 
particulars, both of the sacred edifice and the Court, which was also 
visited, by the kind permission of Mr. J. Friday. 

The original church — or, it would be more accurate to say, the first 
church here of which anything survives — was Consecrated about 1142, and 
of that there remam the two beautiful arches supporting the tower, and 
perhaps the font. 

This church probably consisted of nave and chancel only ; and the 
present plan, with its north isle and south chapel and porch, is an example 
of the development and wholesale alterations so commonly made in the 
fourteenth century. Before 1847 the tower had a very picturesque hipped 
roof of a type very common in Normandy and very rare in England. 
It seems, from the drawings that remain of it, to have surmounted a 
low tower, the windows of which had been altered in the fourteenth 
century. 

The very curious cross in the churchyard seems to be the head of the 
churchyard cross. If so, it belongs to an earlier date than most of those 
that now remain, except perhaps in Cornwall. 

An excellent paper on the parish and church of Brockworth, by the 
Rev. S. E. Bartleet, M.A., will be found in the Transactions, vol. vii., 
pp. 131-171- 

The drive was then continued to Witcombe Park, where Mrs. Hicks- 
Beach kindly invited the party to tea. Here were to be seen a number 
of antiquities found during the excavations at the Roman villa some few 
years since. These included a bronze statue and various fibulae, bone 
pins, pottery, and also from the same district a stone axe of the Neolithic 
period. A number of blue tapestries were also admired. 

On the return journey a stop was made for a short time in order to 
afford a brief inspection of the Church of St. Mary, Great Witcombe, a 
little church which has not hitherto been noticed in the Transactions of the 
Society, but which has features of much interest. 

It retains substantially its Norman nave and chancel, though the 
windows have been altered and enlarged. The north aisle was added 
in the fifteenth century ; the arcade is of the same date. (This arcade, 
as so often happens, somewhat overshoots the older chancel wall. Did 
the builders intend to pull down and re-model the Norman church ? 
Most likely. They were seldom influenced by feelings of veneration 
for the work of their predecessors.) The tower, containing six bells, 
is modern, replacing a wooden one with a spire. 

The Norman chancel arch springs from very low pilasters. Across 
it the fifteenth-century builders put the customary rood-loft, perhaps 
reached by wooden steps (all attemipts to find stone ones in the wall 
have hitherto failed). 



20 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



The rood-beam 1 remains in situ, with mortices for the rood and 
figures of SS. Mary and John. On either side of this rood small 
windows Avere pierced in the wall behind it to light the loft, and the 
ceiling of one bay of the nave is specially ornamented to serve as a 
canopy to the loft, being separated from the rest of the roof by a very 
dainty little inverted brattishing. 

A few fragments of old glass remain. The font, an ancient one 
from Lasborough, has lately been brought to the church by Mr. 
W. F. Hicks-Beach. 

We are greatly indebted to Dr. Oscar Clark for so kindly photo- 
graphing the church. 

Early on Wednesday members left Cheltenham in beautiful weather 
for Worcester, in order to visit the cathedral, which was for nearly nine 
centuries the mother church both of Bristol and of Gloucestershire east 
of the Severn. Moreover, apart from the ecclesiastical interest of the 
cathedral, there is much in the city itself which should have an especial 
interest, not merely for antiquaries, but also for historical students. No 
place suffered more considerably or frequently from civil wars and border 
feuds along the marches, but it prides itself on the loyal appellation of 
"The Faithful City," as it was the first in which a mayor proclaimed 
Charles II. at the Restoration. Arrangements had been made whereby on 
the arrival of the train a service of tramcars should convey the party to 
the cathedral, and as many of those present made their first acquaintance 
with Worcester, they were interested in watching the street spectacles 
along the route. The cathedral gave particular gratification, as, although 
the hand of the restorer is evident at many points, there are curious 
associations which are well v»'orthy the attention of a learned body to 
trace. 

When the party had assembled outside the cathedral, at the west end, 
the President (Bishop ]Mitchinson), proceeded to point out some of the 
details, remarking as he looked towards the great window that there was 
astonishingly little that required comment, as a great deal of what they 
saw was new. The present west window was new, and a great deal of the 
other work was new also. There was formerly no west door, as the great 
north door admitted the people who lived around to come and make their 
devotions. The monks obtained access to the cathedral through the 
cloisters. As they passed round the e.xterior of the building the}^ would 

1 The survival of— 

(i) Rood-beams is certainly not common. 

{2) Tlie cross very rare. 1 can only think of one doubtful instance. 

(3) The figure of Christ very rare. Tliere is one example which has served as a 
vestry poker, and another in the museum at Caei leon — a very interesting bit of history, 
for it was evidently broken under Edward VI., mended (not very skilfully) under Mary; 
and finally cast away under Elizabeth. 

i 



VVORCESTER. 



21 



observe the nave was more or less Decorated, and the windows were 
Decorated. The choir was what it professed to be, Early English. The 
east end was a peculiarly beautiful composition, purely restoration or 
reconstruction. Still it was the east end of an Early English church, and 
he did not know that a better could have been evolved. The real interest 
of the exterior of Worcester Cathedral was when they got to the monastic 
buildings, which were on the south side, unlike Gloucester, where they 
were on the opposite side. The President then invited the party to walk 
round the building, remarking that they could use their own observation. 
They did not need a sermon from him at every turn, but in the cloisters he 
would draw their attention to what remained of the monastic buildings- 

The main feature of the monastic buildings, the refectory, afforded 
scope for some interesting observations and suggestions. It is at present 
the King's School, and the President said they would be certain to like 
poking their noses inside, and he was certain the boys would welcome the 
intrusion. If his flock gave him permission he would act as the emissary, 
and ascertain if they might inspect the room. The Rev. W. O. Chappel, 
the head master of the school, expressed his pleasure at receiving the 
archaeologists, who very much admired the singularly beautiful interior. 
The President explained that when Henry VIII. became possessed of the 
monastery he presented the refectory to the school, and it had been used 
as a school since. The oak panelling was new. In a few particulars 
furnished by the head master, he spoke of the destruction of some of the 
details, which might be due to Cromwell's soldiers, who were billeted 
there. The room was about the same date as Westminster Hall, and the 
lines were similar though smaller. The boys, who had been busy with 
their lessons when the archaeologists entered, seemed diverted at the 
intrusion, which they no doubt considered to be a pleasant interruption to 
conjugations and inflections. To those of us who knew that Worcester is 
" Helstonleigh " of Tlie CJianiimgs, the visit had a special interest. 

In the cloisters Canon B.azeley was the principal spokesman, pointing 
out the beautiful groining. The Jesse tree and its development, and our 
Lord's mother being crowned queen by the three Persons of the Trinity 
are the chief subjects. In the cloisters the attention of the visitors were 
arrested by the memorial stone with the sole inscription " Miserrimus," 
which probably covers the remains of a broken-hearted minor canon, a 
non-juror, who, losing his appointment for conscience sake, was reduced 
to poverty, and asked that " most miserable " should be the only reminder 
of his place of interment. The Chapter House was inspected, and soon 
after the Commandery (St. Wulstan's Hospital) was visited, this completing 
the programme before luncheon. 

In the afternoon the party again repaired to the cathedral, now visiting 
the interior, with Canon Bazeley acting as guide. He had contributed 



22 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



historical and descriptive notes of the edifice, and these were most helpful 
during the visit to the splendid interior. 

After the victory of the Saxons at Dyrham in 577, the lower Severn 
vale was allotted by the conquerors to a people called the Hwiccas, who 
had taken a prominent part in its conquest. 

Their territory appears to have extended from the Forest of Arden, in 
Warwickshire, to Bath ; and from the Malvern Hills to Wychwood, 
beyond the Cotteswolds, in Oxfordshire. 

For half a century they enjoyed more or less independence under th 
West Saxon kings ; but after the accession of the heathen Penda in 626, of 
their own free will, or by conquest, their land became part of the great 
Mercian kingdom. If any Christianity existed here at that time it v/as the 
religion of British slaves, Thor and Woden were the gods of their Saxon 
masters ; it was not until Penda was well stricken in years, or had been 
iilain by Oswy at the Winwaed in 655, that missionaries from Northumbria 
md lona were permitted to stir the smouldering embers of the true religion 
ind claim the Mercian land once more for Christ. 

We owe more than we have hitherto allowed to Oswy's grandson, 
Osric, whose dust sleeps at Gloucester in his chantry chapel by the 
high altar of the church of which he was the first founder. He it was 
who established mission centres in the Huiccian land, where he ruled as 
viceroy under Ethelred his kinsman ; and when, in 680, the Synod of 
Hedfield had parcelled out from Lichfield a new see in the Severn vale, he 
procured the election of Tatfrith, a pupil of the saintly Hilda, and fixed 
his bjshop's stool at Hwiccan Ceaster. But Tatfrith died ere he could be 
consecrated, and Boisil, probably another monk of Whitby, was hallowed 
as the bishop by Theodore ; again, when ten years later Boisil became 
infirm, St. Wilfrid laid his hands on Oftor, a third pupil of St. Hilda, and 
called him to rule as bishop at Worcester. 

The cathedral where Boisil and Oftor served God with their " farailv " 
of monks was no doubt of wood, and as unpretending as the cathedral of 
one of our own missionary bishops in the far north-west of Canada, or in 
Mashonaland, south of the Zambesi. 

It remained for St, Oswald, the friend and successor of St. Dunslan, 
in the See of Worcester, 960-992, to build a church of stone. The 
dedication of the earlier church, as at Gloucester, was to St. Peter. 
St. Oswald built his in honour also of our Lord's mother. Elsewhere the 
secular canons were forcibly dispossessed : under the gentler rule of 
Oswald the Worcester canons accepted the Benedictine rule and became 
monks. 

Of Oswald's church no traces remain. Worcestershire was harried 
by the Danes in 1041, and the new church was given to the flames. Yet, 
phoenix-like, it rose once more and lasted till 1084, when Wulstan, the only 

t 



Worcester. 



23 



Saxon bishop who had retained his see under the Norman conquerors, 
■commenced the erection of a third cathedral. 

Of Wulstan's church there remains intact the beautiful crypt in which 
he held a synod of his clergy in 1092. As at Gloucester, this crypt gives 
lis the form of the original church. It was cruciform, with a semicircular 
apse surrounded by an ambulatory. From the transepts extended eastward 
two chapels with crypts : the one on the south, with its richly-carved arch, 
is still preserved ; the other on the north has been destroyed. Perhaps as 
at Gloucester there were projecting apsidal chapels ; but these, if they 
existed, have been blocked up in comparatively modern times. 

In 1088 Wulstan's church was sufficiently advanced to be consecrated. 
Perhaps the choir, the transept, and the cloisters v/ere complete. The 
crypt below the refectory and the slype are of Wulstan's date. 

Then during the rule of Wulstan's successors, as of Serlo's at Gloucester, 
the building of the nave went on without interruption, and as the twelfth 
century passed into middle life the style changed. The two Vv^estern arcades 
and the vaulting of the west end of the south aisle are probably the work 
of Bishop Roger, son of Robert, Earl of Gloucester, and a grandson of 
King Henry I. The chapter house, the western slype, and other work, 
mercifully preserved here and there for us by mediaeval restorers, are good 
•examples of Transitional Norman. The late twelfth-century builders used 
Bredon oolite, and the grey limestone from the trias beds at Higley in 
alternate courses. The effect is something like what we see at Pisa and 
Siena. 

Wulstan died in 1094, More than a century later he was canonised by 
Innocent III. because works of healing were wrought at his tomb through 
faith in the sanctity of his relics. For many years pilgrims crowded to his 
shrine, and so great was the sum of their offerings that William de Blois, 
bishop from 12 18-1236, was enabled to rebuild and transform the eastern 
limb in all its now restored beauty. Above and beyond the crypt he 
constructed a choir, north and south-eastern transepts and a lady chapel 
in the purest style of Early English, rich in sculptured foliage, in deeply 
cut mouldings and shafts of Purbeck marble. His successor, Walter de 
Cantelupe, 1237-1266, continued and completed the work ; and heir 
efifigies, as indeed is fitting, lie in front of our Lady's altar in the midst 
of the beautiful work, which in itself would have been their lasting 
monument. 

For awhile the Worcester builders laid aside their tools and rested : 
then in the reign of Edward II. the work began again. The seven 
eastern bays of the north arcade of the nave, and the north aisle were 
rebuilt in the Decorated style. The Guesten Hall, now alas! a ruin, 
was also finished. Thien the architectural style changed once more : 
and Perpendicular, which we claim to have originated at Gloucester, 



24 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



was used in the reconstruction of the seven eastern bays of the southern 
arcade of the nave and the completion of the triforium and clerestory 
of the third and fourth bays from the west on the north side ; the 
refectory, now the college school, was rebuilt in 1372, the great cen- 
tral tower in 1374, and the vaulting of the nave was completed in 
1377- 

Henry Wakefield, who was bishop from 1375 to 1394 went on with 
the work of restoration and built the north porch. He was buried, as 
great builders are wont to be, in the nave which he had completed. 
The fabric had now attained its permanent form and beauty. 

Many years later, in 1503, Arthur, Prince of Wales, died at Ludlow, 
and his father and his broken-hearted mother buried him at Worcester, 
erecting a chantry chapel, still beautiful, notwithstanding its desecration, 
and rich beyond the telling in figures of angels, saints, and kings, and 
in royal badges. 

Had Arthur lived to be king instead of Henry, the subsequent history 
of England miight have been altogether different. The time would have 
come in any case when the rule of a foreign potentate would have 
become unbearable to a free people, and societies of monks and nuns 
would have been dissolved or reform.ed, but at least we should have 
been spared the disgrace of Katharine's divorce ; and a reformation of 
our national church would have been brought about under the influence 
of the " new learning " by gentler and purer methods. 

For eight hundred and sixty years the closest connection existed 
between Worcester and, that part of Gloucestershire which lies on the 
left bank of the Severn. In 1540 this connection was abruptly broken 
by Henry VIII. 's creation of a new see for Gloucester; and although, 
for a brief period, the two sees were reunited in the person of Bishop 
John Hooper, they were quickly severed again, to remain independent 
of one another to the present time, and probably for ever. 

The importance of the episcopal registers, stored in the Edgar Tower 
at Worcester, to Bristol and Gloucestershire students of mediaeval local 
history cannot be overrated. Surely the time has come when a branch 
society of our own should be formed to abstract and print from these 
registers all that relates to our own county. 

The exterior of Worcester Cathedral, if we except the beautiful central 
late fourteenth-century tower, is plain and somewhat uninteresting. Half 
a century ago the walls were almost ruinous, and the sculptured figures 
time-worn beyond recognition. The princely generosity of the late Lord 
Dudley and the carefully repairing, nay, reconstructing hands of Perkins 
and Scott, the architects, have removed the unsightly accretions of 
seventeenth- and eighteenth-century botchers, and have given us back the 
sacred building as it was four hundred years ago. The great east* and 



Kindly lent by Mr. Murray. 

PRINCE ARTHUR'S CHAPEL. 



Kindly lent by Mr. Mmrav. 

TOMB OF KING JOHN 



GROUND-PLAN OF WORCESTER CATHEDRAL, 



REFERENCES. 
A North Porch. 
B Navef" 
C C Nave-aisles. 
D Central Tower. 
E South Transept. 
F North Transept. 
G Choir. 

H South Choir-aisle. 
J Chapel. 

K South-east Transept. 
L L L Retro-choir and Aisles. 
M Altar of the Lady Chapel. 
N North-east Transept. 
O North Choir-aisle. 
P Cloisters. 
Q Slype or Passage. 
R Chapter House. 

S Passage under Refectory, to the Close. 
T T Crypt of Refectory. 
U Slype. 




9 Monument of Bp. Thornborough. 

10 Monument of Dean Eedes. 

11 Monument of Bp. BuUingham. 

12 Monument of Bp. Hough. 

13 Tomb of King John. 

14 Chantry Chapel of Prince Arthur. 

15 Effigy of Sir William de Harcourt. 

16 High Tomb of Sir Gryffyth Ryce. 

17 Effigy of Bp. Giffard. 

18 Effigy of Audela de Warren. 

19 Effigy of an unknown Lady. 

20 Effigy of Abbot Philip de Kawford. 

21 Effigy of Bp. William de Blois. 



1 Tomb of Sir John Beauchamp. 

2 Tomb of Robert Wilde. 
Effigy of an unknown Priest. 

i Effigy of Bishop Parry. 
5 Perpendicular Altar-tomb, unknown. 
0 Monument of Judge Littleton. 
T Altar-tomb of Bishop Freke. 
8 Monument of Bishop Gauden. 

22 Effigy of Bp. Walter de Cantilupe. 

23 Effigy of Bp. Brian (?). 

24 Effigy of an unknown Lady. 
2-5 Effigy of an unknown Knight. 

26 Effiijy of Bp. Cobham. 

27 Effigy of Bp. Bransford. 

28 Monument of Bp. Maddox, 

29 Prior's Entrance to Cloisters. 

30 Entrance to Refectory, 

31 Lavatory. 

82 Entrance to Dormitory. 

33 Monks' Door to Cloisters. 

34 Entrance to Crypt. 



Scale of 100 ft. to liii. 



Kindly lent by Mr. Murray. 




WORCESTEK CATHEDRAL MISERERES. 



Worcester. 



25 



west windows, the north and south windows of the transepts, and many 
more are quite modern, but none the less pleasing to an unprejudiced eye. 

We enter by the north porch, and a pleasing vista of columns, arches, 
and vaulting in well-nigh every style of Gothic architecture, yet har- 
moniously combined, greets the fortunate visitor. 

The nave consists of nine bays, the two westernmost are Transitional 
Norman, the remaining seven on the north Decorated, on the south Early 
Perpendicular. The vaulting of the south aisle near the west is late 
twelfth century, the rest late fourteenth. The south wall with its semi- 
circular headed blank arches is Norman, and is a relic of the early 
twelfth-century builders. The removal of the stone screen and of the 
organ which rested on it is an example which we might well follow at 
Gloucester. The days are .past when the view of the eastern limb should 
be thus obstructed. 

The nave is rich in monuments of ancient men of note, ecclesiastical 
and lay. The plan so kindly lent to us by Mr. Murray from his un- 
surpassed Handbook to Western Cathedrals shows us their position and 
tells us whose they are. 

We pass into the transepts, and here are quaintly blended in the 
walling the marks of successive changes: the Early Norman, to be 
recognised by the uncoursed rubble work ; the Transitional by the 
ashlar or alternating courses, green and white ; the Early English by 
the broken trefoil heads of an arcade high up on the western wall, and 
the Perpendicular facing by the frequent use of red sandstone. 

The crypt, with its forest of columns and its innumerable stilted arches, 
consisted originally of central nave divided into four walks or gangways, 
and a double ambulatory. The eastern part of the ambulatory has been 
blocked by sepulchral vaults, and it is impossible to ascertain whether 
it had apsidal chapels or not. Moreover, several of the arches are now 
filled with solid masonry, as at Gloucester, to support the superstructure 
of the choir. The general effect, however, is very pleasing, and has been 
■ likened to that of the Moorish mosque at Cordova. The eastern limb of 
the cathedral is uniformly Early English, but evidences are forthcoming 
that the base of the great Perpendicular central tower, reconstructed 
about 1374, is Norman. 

As we enter the south aisle of the choir from the transept we detect 
Norman or Transitional work on either side. The Chapel of St. John 
the Baptist, restored by Lord Beauchamp in 1895, was transformed from 
Norman into Early English by the early thirteenth-century bailders, but 
its crypt was preserved intact. 

The choir is of five wide bays with octagonal piers and detached 
Purbeck shafts. The brass rings surrounding some of these shafts 
were given by Bishop Giffard, 1268-1301. He was a member of the 



26 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Gloucestershire family who took such a leading part in the civil war 
between Henry III. and the barons. His effigy, and the effigy of a 
kinswoman of his, a daughter of Lord Giffard of Brimpsfield, lie below 
the chantry chapel of Prince Arthur, on its south side. The choir 
fittings are for the most part modern, but the original fourteenth-century 
misereres remain, forming a most interesting set of thirty-seven subjects. 

In the centre of the presbytery, on a sixteenth-century altar-tomb, lies 
the effigy of King John, ^he earliest regal effigy in England. When he 
was dying at Newark Castle, in 1216, John besought those around him 
that his body might be laid between the shrines of St. Oswald and 
St. Wulstan, at Worcester. He hoped that notwithstanding his sins his 
body might be unmolested by the evil one when thus protected. At the 
Reformation the commissioners of Henry destroyed the shrines and buried 
the bones of the saints, leaving the king's tomb standing alone, but intact. 
Mr. Murray has very kindly lent the Society the illustration of King 
John's tomb, which forms a second frontispiece to his Handbook, and also 
a beautiful sketch of Prince Arthur's Chapel, looking eastward. We gladly 
acknowledge his courtesy, with many thanks. The figure of King John 
is now gaudy with gilt, but originally the robes were coloured appro- 
priately. As, however, the tombs of monarchs are held to be royal 
property, certain officials, acting in the name of the late Queen about 
forty years ago, substituted the gilt grandeur. Mr. Dauncy, of Gloucester, 
produced a pamphlet in which the original state of the effigy was described. 

The hagiology of Prince Arthur's Chapel deserves careful study. It 
is said that the larger figures at the east end, including St. George and 
perhaps St. Edward, St. Edmund and Henry VI., were damaged by the 
soldiers of Cromwell after the Battle of Worcester ; but Green thinks 
that they were nearly covered with plaster and the projecting parts broken 
off in the time of Elizabeth to form a level surface for the queen's arms. 
I'oor Oliver has had more than his meed of blame ; it is quite unfair to 
make him responsible for all the barbarities of the ages which preceded 
and succeeded the Civil War as well as for his own. 

In the north aisle of the choir there is a small oriel window which once 
gave light to the sacrist's lodging. 

The arcading of the eastern transepts and lady chapel is very 
beautiful, the sculptures being most quaint. The subjects in the south- 
eastern transept are somewhat appalling : Death, Purgatory, Resurrection, 
Judgment, Hell. Elsewhere they are more mundane : a queen instructing 
an architect, a bishop [probably William de Blois] making an offering Of 
a church, and many strange birds and reptiles. 

The tombs in this part of the church, ancient and modern, are many 
of them very fine, but some confusion has been caused by the restorers 
removing them from their original position. 



Worcester. 



27 



The walls of the cloisters are Norman. Perpendicular vaulting was 
substituted for the original Norman wooden roof about 1372. The 
carved bosses are very fine, especially in the south walk. On one is 
depicted the coronation of the Virgin by the JJ-oly Trinity; and a long 
string of kings, with foliage, seems to form a Jesse tree or genealogical 
table of our Lord's ancestors. 

The western slype is a fine example of Transitional Norman archi- 
tecture, and is of the same date as the adjoining part of the nave of 
the church. 

The lavatory is in the west cloister walk, where also was the dormitory 
or dorter. The fine refectory or frater, on the south side of the cloisters, 
is now used as a college school. There is a fine Norman doorway leading 
into College Green at the south-east angle of the cloister. In the east 
walk are doorways leading into the chapter house and the eastern slype. 
In the north walk, on a stone seat, is a time-worn effigy, said to represent 
Alexander Neckam, the famous abbot of Cirencester, who wrote treatises 
on the Mariner's Compass, Chess, the Silkworm, &c. 

Over this walk is a long room containing the cathedral library and 
numerous fragments of ancient sculpture. 

" The gateway now known as Edgar's Tower has, of course, no connec- 
tion with that king. It was the great gate of the priory. 

The Commandery, in Sidbury, was formerly the Hospital of St. 
Wulstan, founded about 1085, the master of which was called the 
"Commander." It was the headquarters of the royal army during the 
siege, and the Duke of Hamilton died here. 

In the corn market is a house in which tradition says Charles II. 
took refuge after the Battle of Worcester. It bears the motto — 

The following works on Worcester may be referred to : " Murray's 
Handbook to the Western Cathedrals; Professor Willis's article in the Arch. 
Journal, xx., pp. 83, 255, and 301 ; F. Bond's English Cathedrals Illustrated, 
George Newnes Ltd. ; E. F. Strange's Worcester, in George Bell's series; 
Green's History of Worcester, &c. 

Some of the members of the Society remained in the choir for evensong, 
and admired the work carried out some years ago by Earl Dudley. 

At night there was a conversazione in the Town Hall, Cheltenham. 
A short address on the "Early History ot Cheltenham" was given by 
Mr. John Sawyer, followed by a most interesting lantern lecture on the 
miserere seats at Worcester and Gloucester by Dr. Oscar W. Clarke, of 
Gloucester. 

Early on Thursday morning members and friends assembled at the 
parish church of St. Mary, where they were received by the rector (Canon 



28 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Roxby), who invited Mr. J. Sawyer to make some remarks on the history 
and architecture of the building, and he told a most interesting story. 

It is in connection with a church that Cheltenham first appears on the 
written page of history. At a council held at Cloveshoe in 803 there was 
a dispute between Deneberht, Bishop of Worcester, and Wulf heard. 
Bishop of Hereford, respecting the food-rent from estates belonging to a 
minster at Cheltenham ; and Deneberht substantiated his claim by proof 
that his predecessors had received the food-rent thirty years previously. 
A church therefore existed in Cheltenham in 773, or about two centuries 
after the Battle of Dyrham opened the way into Gloucestershire for the 
tread of English feet. 

The next glimpse we get of a church in Cheltenham is in the Domesday 
Record : " King Edward held Chinteneham . . . One hide and a half 
belongs to the church. Reinbald holds it . . . The priest has two 
plough teams." Rembald was one of the favourites of the Confessor, and 
had come to England with his royal master when, on the death of 
Harthacnut, England was tired of foreign rulers and, in the language of 
the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, " all folk chose Edward to King." On the 
death of Reinbald, a portion of his inheritance became the property of the 
church at Cirencester, wherein, according to Leland, he was buried. In 
1 1 17 Henry I. enlarged the church and conventual buildings at Ciren- 
cester, and converted the College into an Abbey, which he endowed with 
"all the estate of Reinbald the priest, in lands and churches, and . . . the 
church of Cheltenham, with the land thereof, and the mill, and the 
chapels, and all other appurtenances to the said church belonging." 

With this royal grant of the Rectory of Cheltenham to Cirencester 
Abbey the history of the existing church at Cheltenham begins. For 
Norman -vvork we must look at the two ends of the nave. Except the 
doorway and window the west end is part of the original edifice. The 
billet-pattern string-course and the flat, plain buttresses are characteristic 
Norman work. So tuo are the piers of the crossing, with their square 
abaci, crudely-fashioned capitals, and shallow bases. The width and 
position of the buttresses at the west end of the nave show that in the 
Norman buildings there were north and south aisles, which, however, 
were widened in the fourteenth century. 

Only two years after Cirencester Abbey was consecrated William of 
Sens was rebuilding the choir of Canterbury Cathedral in the Early 
English style. The builders at Cheltenham seem to have felt the 
influence of the coming Gothic development, for in the lower portion of 
the tower, particularly in the east and west arches of the crossing, we 
see the style which English church builders began to adopt after the 
Romanesque had been in use for nearly a hundred years. The use of the 
pointed arch for constructional purposes led to its adoption for windows. 



Cheltenham. 



29 



and one variety of this design is seen in the windows of the tower imme- 
diately above the roofs of the main building. Early in the thirteenth 
century, when it was completed, the church consisted of the present 
nave and transepts, two narrow aisles, a g,hancel, and a tower and 
steeple. 

Scarcely had the work been finished when a rebuilding began, possibly 
prompted by the architectural zeal which in the latter part of the 
thirteenth century was, among other places, finding expression in the 
Franciscan and Dominican Friaries being planted at Gloucester. The 
nave and aisles, with the solitary exception of the western wall of the nave, 
were pulled down, as also was the steeple, then little more than a pyramidal 
roof. The nave arcades were reconstructed upon exactly the old lines, 
which were determined by the west wall and the untouched piers of the 
crossing. The aisles were considerably widened, nearly obliterating the 
cruciform plan of the church by diminishing the projection of the tran- 
septs. The upper stage of the tower was altered, and on it was placed 
the present spire. Whether or not any alteration was made in the 
chancel it is impossible to say. In all its main features, therefore, the 
church to-day is the church of six hundred years ago. 

The windows of the church are of great variety and beauty. The 
Lancet style is seen in the lower stage of the tower, where over two 
separate lights there is a continuous hood-moulding or dripstone. The 
form of tracery known as Late Geometrical was used when the lighting 
of the newly-built nave and enlarged aisles was begun. The west 
wdndow of the north aisle is a fine example of reticulated tracery ; the 
large window over the west door has intersecting tracery, and so also 
have the two windows in the east wall of the south transept, where, 
however, the foliation is different in character. Before the lighting of 
he church had far proceeded, the Late Geometrical style was supplanted 
by the Curvilinear, of which the most noteworthy example is the rose 
window in the east wall of the north transept. The transition of window 
tracery from the Flowing to the Perpendicular is illustrated m two 
windows which are exactly alike — the east window of the chancel and 
the west window of the south aisle. Both windows are excellent examples 
of a style which combines richness of tracery with ample space for that 
display of painted glass which Fergusson regards as the important forma- 
tive principle of Gothic architecture. 

The sacrarium or piscina, of which an illustration is given, is 
Decorated in style as late perhaps as the middle of the fourteenth 
century. 

The latest addition to the church during the four great periods of 
ecclesiastical architecture was the north porch, which is in the Perpen- 
dicular style, with lierne vaulting ornamented with the Tudor-flower. 



30 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

Over the porch is a room which may have been a parvise or room for 
the priest. 

With the dissolution of Cirencester Abbey, the church at Cheltenham 
passed into the possession of the Crown, and with it property recorded 
as worth /go a year, and the value of which may have been much 
larger. 

In 1598 Queen Elizabeth leased the rectory and church at Cheltenham 
and the chapel at Charlton Kings, with all the property belonging 
thereto, to Francis Bacon, for forty years, on payment of ^75 13s. ^d. 
a year to the Crown, with an obligation to support two priests and two 
deacons to celebrate divine service in the said church and chapel, and 
also "to find bread and wine for the Sacrament and all other necessaries 
for the celebration of divine worship." A sub-lessee was found in a 
Mrs. Badger, who persistently refused to carry out the covenants into 
which Bacon had entered, and the end of a long dispute was an arbi- 
trator's order that /40 a year should be paid to the minister at Cheltenham 
and a like sum to the minister at Charlton Kings. It was stated in the 
course of the proceedings that the rectory was worth ;^6oo a year ; and 
from the description of the property as set out in the lease to Bacon it is 
certain that had the property remained in the hands of the church the 
endowments of the livings in Cheltenham and Charlton Kings would 
to-day amount to several thousand pounds a year. 

An able paper by the late J. H. Middleton, F.S.A., on the Manor and 
Parish Church at Cheltenham will be found in the Transactions, vol. iv., 
pp. 53-72, with a ground plan opposite page 57. 

As the party passed round the interior Mr, Sawyer pointed out different 
features, one of which was the long-winded appreciation of Captain 
Skillicorne upon a mural tablet, certainly the most lengthy eulogium of 
the kind to be found in any church. In the course of the praise lavished 
upon the deceased it was stated : "He could do business in seven tongues; 
he was of great regularity and probity, and so temperate as never to have 
been once intoxicated." When the party were outside the church, Mr. 
Sawyer directed attention to some old epitaphs in the churchyard, one to 
John Higgs, famed for killing pigs, and another to John Payne, blacksmith. 
He said the oft-quoted lines — 

" Here I lies with my two daughters. 
All through drinkine: the Cheltenham waters: 
If we had stuck to Epsom salts 
We shouldn't be lying in these here vaults" 

did not appear upon any tombstone, but were simply a wicked reflection 

upon the merits of the local waters, and their alleged curative properties. 

The vehicles were drawn up near St. George's Hall, High Street, 

and having entered them, the company enjoyed a ride by way of the 

i 



Cheltenham. 



Tewkesbury Road to Tredington, where the church of St. John the Baptist 
was inspected. 

A description of this church, by the Rev. J. Green, appears in the 
Transactions, vol. xiv., p. 203. Consisting of a^imple nave and chancel, it 
preserves its original twelfth-century plan unaltered, masonry of that period 
appearing both at the east and west ends, and the only addition being the 
south porch. It has, however, this peculiarity, that while the nave inside 
is some three feet wider than the chancel, outside there is, on the south 
side, no break. The walling of the nave is superior to that of the chancel, 
and this alone has a plinth. The east end has a gable, of finer masonry 
than the wall below, set back. 

With the exception of one in the south wall of the chancel, all the 
original windows have been altered in the fourteenth, fifteenth, and 
sixteenth centuries, but the two doorways remain, that on the south side 
having two orders with chevron ornament, and a label mould ending in 
dragons' heads. The tympanum of the north door is a very fine example 
of the date, having three strongly-carved figures, the centre one seated 
and holding a pastoral crook, the other two kneeling and holding books ; 
this represents, no doubt, the Saviour throned in majesty, and angels in 
adoration. The rood-beam remains over the chancel arch, with the cavity 
in the centre for the insertion of the crucifix. 

The interior of the church has many interesting features. The belfry 
is supported on timber framing standing on supports within the church. 
The woodwork of the seats retains the solid bench-ends of the fifteenth) 
century, with panels of the seventeenth, on which appear initials but 
no date. To the same period belong the altar and the pulpit panels, and 
perhaps the rails ; also probably the curious plaster ceiling adorned with 
heads, roses, oak leaves, lilies, etc. 

The walls having been entirely stripped retain no trace of decoration. 
The low chancel arch of the twelfth century remains, and above it, at the 
Tevel of the wall plate, a beam which seems to have supported the rood. 
A vertical groove in the wall may be connected with this. 

Of the more ancient fittings nothing remains except a chest and two 
fragments of glass, one on the north side of the chancel, in good order, 
with a conventional king's head of the fourteenth century. There is an 
aumbry in the east wall — a not uncommon feature in this neighbourhood. 

The churchyard cross, with its very tall and slender stem, also follows 
a local type. (Cf. Ripple.) 

Considerable time was spent in examining the interesting church. Nor 
were the secular associations of the neighbourhood forgotten, on the opposite 
side of the road being a substantial building in which Edward IV. lodged 
the night before the eventful Battle of Tewkesbury. 

A short drive brought the archaeologists to the primitive-looking church 



32 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



at Stoke Archer, not the least agreeable feature in the ride being the 
essentially rural aspect of the district, and it would have been no difficult 
effort to carry the mind back and imagine that the country presented much 
same aspect many centuries ago. 

The church was carefully described and illustrated by the late Rev. 
J. L. Petit, whose notes and drawings appear in the Transactions, 
vol. xiv., p. 20. It is only necessary now to call attention to one or 
two points. 

1. In plan and architectural features the church is one of the least 
changed in the county, being very nearly as its original builders left it. 
It retains four of its narrow round-headed windows, much of its Norman 
chancel arch, a very early piscina, and a fine carved font. 

A few of the windows were altered in the fourteenth and fifteenth 
centuries, and the east wall has been rebuilt, otherwise it is qualis ah initio. 

2. The church has been much plastered within and without. Inside 
there are, as usual, many successive coats, concealing, and in some cases 
preserving, a most interesting series of wall paintings of various dates. 
Of these, in the present condition of the church, it is impossible to ,say 
much at present, but the design on the west wall is a remarkably fine one ; 
the dignified figure of our Lord seated sideways, with one hand raised in 
benediction, suggests the coronation of the Blessed Virgin Mary ; if so, 
the rest of the subject is on the other side of the window. Another 
figure is partly uncovered, and the background is powdered with stars. 
In other places various rich patterns appear, and it is plain that here, as 
elsewhere, the church has gone through successive periods of decoration 
and destruction, the latest attempt to adorn it being by texts (Command- 
ments), with an ornamental frame in w-hat was evidently the usual and 
common-sense place, i.e. on one of the walls of the nave. Here also the 
rood-beam remains, and there are some good old oak benches. 

The next stopping-place was Bishop's Cleeve, and here luncheon was 
served in the tithe barn by permission of the rector (the Rev. T. Jesson). 
Mr. F. F. Fox presided, and after luncheon he said it had been proposed 
to have the next summer meeting of the Society at Bristol. That was not 
finally settled, and he asked that they should leave it to the Council to 
make the arrangements for the meeting. This proposition was agreed to. 

Canon Bazeley proposed the customary votes of thanks. He first 
mentioned Colonel Noel and IMiss Noel at the Great House, North Nibley, 
who welcomed them at the spring meeting. He remarked when they were 
received as on that occasion, when they had very muddy shoes, and 
were made welcome and were pressed to stay till their brakes were ready 
to start, they must all feel grateful for such hospitality. They had now 
to thank the Mayor and Corporation -of Cheltenham for affording them 
the use of the new Town Hall, and he congratulated the town upon the 

t 




i 



i 




* 



PISCINA. 
Mary's, Cheltenham. 



Cheltenham. 



33 



possession of so fine a building. They thanked Mrs. Hicks-Beach and 
Mrs. Ratcliff for the afternoon tea they provided. They must not forget 
those who made the arrangements for the meeting, and they desired to 
recognise the efforts of Mr. Prothero and Mr.'Currie, and especially the 
latter, who had done much of the work pertaining to a local secretary 
for the Society. 

The resolution was carried, and Mr. Currie briefly responded. 

A move was then made in the direction of the Church of St. Michael 
and All Angels, of which the main architectural features were described 
by Mr. Prothero, who also most kindly provided the following description 
of the growth and present condition of this noble church. 

Church of St. Michael and All Angels, Bishop's Cleeve. 
This large and stately church, one of the most interesting in the county, 
was described in the Transactions, vol. iv., pp. 248-269, by the late J. Henry 
Middleton, in a paper which was (like everything else he wrote) accurate 
and exhaustive. A plan was given, which is here reproduced, and it is 
the purpose of these notes — 

(a) Merely to recapitulate the dates, etc., of the plan. 

(b) To point out some features which in the condition of the church 

in 1879 Dr. Middleton had no means of discovering, or could 
only guess at. 

(a) As the plan shows, the dates of the existing church are as follows : — 
Twelfth century. The west end with its turrets, part of the nave 
arcade, the south porch, the north transept, part of the base of the tower 
with the arches on either side of it, and the west wall of the south 
transept. 

Fourteenth century. The north aisle, the west buttress, the south 
•chapel, most of the south transept, and the whole of the chancel. 

Fifteenth century. Fan vaulting and window in south aisle. 

Seventeenth century. The very beautiful, and now perhaps unique, 
west gallery. 

1700 A.D. The tower, which replaces one which fell in 1696, and was 
surmounted (according to Rudder) by a spire. Also probably the some- 
what ungainly arches of the nave arcade, and part of the walling over 
them. 

The twelfth-century church consisted of the nave, tv/o narrow aisles, 
a central tower, probably lower than the present one, and surmounted by 
a spire, two transepts, and a chancel of unknown length, but shorter no 
doubt than the present one. 

The nave remains, but altered, as will be explained later. The mag- 
nificent porch, with its parvise over, is intact ; and the west end of the 
south aisle with its original window is unaltered. The north transept and 

4 , 

Vol. VXXIII. 



34 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



part of the south transept are of the same period, and retain the Norman 
arches leading into the aisles. Over these arches the weathering of the 
old aisle roofs is visible, marking the original width on either side. The 
fine west front, with its two lofty pinnacles surmounting staircases, is 
intact, except that the window is a fourteenth-century insertion. Of the 
fittings of that period there survives a piscma on a little column in the 
south transept. 

In the fourteenth cen'ury very important alterations were made. The 
aisles were pulled down, the north aisle made very wide, and the south 
aisle rearranged and added to, its original outer wall being marked by a 
very graceful arcade with slender shafts and ball-flower ornament on the 
capitals, and beyond that a south chapel or outer aisle. Part of the 
south transept was rebuilt, and the whole of the chancel, a long aisleless 
conventual choir, which remains practically unaltered. 

In the fifteenth century not very much was done. The windows in the 
south chapel are of that date, also the beautiful but insecure piece of 
fan vaulting put up to serve as a floor to the enlarged parvise. This 
is a bold and rather reckless bit of construction ; until lately it was 
supported on a wooden pole resting on the gallery, which it split from top 
to bottom, and it is now stirruped up in a very modern way with iron 
from the back. 

The sixteenth century one may pass over in silence. Nothing was put 
in, but much was taken out. Altar, screens, rood, figures, glass, paintings, 
everything that could be broken or sold disappeared, and this church has 
no trace (or only one dubious one) of the partial revival of care and 
decency in the later years of Elizabeth. 

To the seventeenth century (probably Charles I.'s time) belongs the 
magnificent gallery — one of the most beautiful examples of Jacobean work 
in the country. Unhappily in the days of the Gothic revival most of the 
fine work of the Stuart period fell a victim to misplaced zeal and disap- 
peared : one must be the more thankful for what remains. 

In 1696 the tower and spire fell down. Why they fell down in this 
case it is difficult to see. They often did fall down, but that was because 
the fourteenth-century people opened out such big arches into the tran- 
septs that the tower, losing its supports, collapsed. (If the tower of St. 
Mary's, Cheltenham, had come down one would not be surprised ; but 
here there was no such change to account for the fall.) 

The tower was rebuilt in 1700 — lofty and not without dignity, but with 
rough detail. It seems probable, unless there is documentary evidence to 
the contrary, that this was the time when a very unfortunate alteration 
was made in the nave. The alternate pillars were removed, leaving only 
two out of five on each side, and with them the original round arches with 
chevron ornament. Instead were inserted the sprawling and shapeless 



Cheltenham. 1396S89 35 



arches we now see. The springing of the original arches is now visible, 
the plaster being removed, at the east and west ends of the arcade. 

Of the roofs not much need be said. They were much decayed and 
covered with plaster and paper, and the wholer of them let in water freely 
before the church v/as repaired. The north aisle roof was put there in 
Charles II. 's time (1671). 

The roof of the Delabere aisle is a fifteenth-century roof, of very 
good design ; as much of it as did not fall to bits is still there, mended 
and re-leaded. 

That is the story of the actual fabric. Now for a word or two about 
its contents. 

1. First, the altars. Of these there were six. The conventual high 
altar was at the end of the choir under the east window ; it was pulled 
down under Edward VI. or Elizabeth and the present marble slab was 
put up in 1794. 

The parish altar was in front of the rood-loft, twest of the tower, the 
space under the tower and the two transepts serving as a passage from 
the parochial to the conventual church 

Each transept contained one altar under its east wall, and there were 
two more at the east ends of the aisles : of that on the northern side, now 
replaced by a modern one, there remains the ornamental cornice above 
the dossal and the footpace ; the southern is wholly eclipsed by the 
Delabere monument. How many of them there are at the present 
moment in the church one cannot feel sure,^ but probably three, besides 
the two modern ones. 

2. The pews at the bottom of the church are of the fifteenth century, 
and no doubt stood farther eastward. 

3. Very few fragments of painted glass escaped. In the south aisle 
are a few scraps, and there are some more waiting to go back in their old 
places in the north aisle : among these are remains of a figure playing a harp. 

4. There are three important monuments — 

{a) A cross-legged knight in the south transept of the latter part 
of Henry III.'s reign. Mr. Hartshorne points out that 
the whole of the mail has been stamped upon the stone 
surface in gesso, which is an unusual treatment. 

(b) Then inside the rails of the Delabere monument there is a 
recumbent effigy of a lady. It is admirable for its dignity 
and fine draping ; but Mr. Hartshorne, who puts it down, 
to the time of Henry VII., rather quarrels with her clothes, 
and says she wears "a loose and badly-arranged wimple, 
a degenerate descendant of the beautiful folded facecloth 

1 The altar slabs were commonly buried in the pavement face downwards, and thus 
used as tombstones, the inscription being on the back. One of these at Cleeve is face 
upwards. 



36 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



and kerchief of the fourteenth century." However that 
may be, she is a beautiful little figure. 
(c) Lastly, there is the magnificent Delabere monument, not only 
a fine piece of decoration, such as so often appeared in our 
churches under the Stuarts, but the figures are admirably 
sculptured, the lady's face being especially good. 
Now about the wall-paintings. There is not very much to show, for 
when a church has been allowed to become rotten and ruinous it is luck 
indeed if any of its wall decoration survives. 

The earliest painting here is in the splay of the Norman window, in the 
west wall of the south transept, which can be seen from the vestry. It 
was walled up, and when we took out the filling, two if not three layers 
of painted decoration came to light. The Norman churches, both here 
and in France, were painted over with what one can only call sham 
masonry lineS, with a little pattern in the middle of each stone. This 
window splay was so treated : it was very dull, and people soon wanted 
something better, so over it a fine bold plant is drawn in strong, effective 
black lines. There is also a small crowned head. 

In the north transept we removed the filling-in of what proved to be a 
recessed arch, and at the back, forming the reredos of the altar, we found 
a painting of the crucifixion, with St. Mary and St. John, St. John the 
Baptist, and a king — probably Offa. The drawing is rude, and no scale is 
observed, but the colour is simple and effective. 

The north wall of the aisle was a mass of painting ; but as it was 
unluckily dangerous and had to be partly rebuilt, it was possible only to 
save scraps. There is a curious design with fish or eels ; over it were 
eighteenth-century commandments, of which one wishes some part had 
been preserved ; and there is still a scrap of sixteenth or seventeenth- 
century decorative bordering left in one place. 

Lastly, in the parvise are the curious drawings on the walls, whereby 
the village schoolmaster of one hundred years ago instructed the children 
of the parish. His name was Sperry, and he deserves mention as a 
pioneer of the system of teaching by the eye. 

The arrangements of the north transept are curious : the winding 
staircase in the north-east corner must have led to a gallery passing over 
the altar to the rood-loft ; and opposite is a remarkable staircase leading 
to the belfry, made of solid log steps, with a fine panelled balustrade. 
A very ancient log chest is also in this transept. 

In its long career this noble church has suffered in various ways, not 
only from the havoc done by the spoiler and fanatic, and the utter neglect 
of later ages, but also one must admit from the scamping of the ancient 
builders. To the absence of proper foundations was probably due the 
fall of the tower, and certainly the dangerous inclination of the Svest 



Cheltenham. 



37 



front ; while the decay of the fourteenth-century north wall must be 
ascribed to the heterogeneous stuff (a coffin i7iter alia) of which its core 
was composed. 

It is to be noted that the old marble altar slab is still in use on a new 
frame. 

The company then made their way to the chapel at Southam Delabere, 
which is a small building, so that when the party had taken their seats 
they proved a crowded congregation. 

The chapel and Pigeon House Farm form a charming group. The 
former, notwithstanding very considerable alterations made by the late 
Lord Ellenborough when it was restored for public worship, retains its 
original form and a great deal of its twelfth-century masonry. 

Of the windows, that in the north wall of the chancel alone remains 
unaltered, with a curious ornament over it. A fine old door survives, and 
the chapel contains four stalls of Renaissance design, and two good 
pictures— one of the Flemish school — both representing the legend of 
St. Veronica. 

The Pigeon House Farm is partly a fourteenth-century building, with 
mullioned windows of that date, partly a later half-timbered house. The 
tithe barn is a fine example of timber construction, with stone ends and 
low walls supporting the framing. The little buildmg to the east of it has 
a small fourteenth-century window, and a curious stone shoot, said to be 
for distribution of corn. 

The manor house has a frontage of very good seventeenth-century 
work (1631), with delicate mouldings to the chimneys. The back is a 
beautiful example of half-timber work, perhaps earlier than the front of the 
house. The old staircase remains, but the panelling has been removed. 

The tithe barn was also inspected, after which the party were enter- 
tained to tea by Mrs. Ratcliff at the manor house. In the grounds the 
Rev. E. R. Dowdeswell read an account of the Huddleston family, of 
Millom, Cumberland, who built Southam House, which is one of the 
oldest mansions in Gloucestershire. A ramble through the grounds and 
an inspection of some of the apartments of the charming residence com- 
pleted the visit, and in the evening the party retui^ned to Cheltenham, 

Thus ended one of the most enjoyable summer meetings in the annals 
of the Society, for everything was well arranged, and ample time was 
allowed for seeing thoroughly everything which appeared in the pro- 
gramme ; and though Worcester Cathedral was the only notable building 
visited, the little country churches provided abundance of points of 
interest, of which some at any rate were unexpected ; for instance, it 
would probably be difficult to find elsewhere three ancient rood-beams 
remaining in so small a space as those at Witcombe, Tredington, and 
Stoke Archer. Little buildings are often quite as full of instruction 
and interest as big ones are. ' 



THE MONASTIC AND KINDRED INSTITUTIONS 
OF BRISTOL AND GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 



By The Right Reverend JOHN MITCHINSON, D.C.L., Canon of 
Gloucester, and Master of Pembroke College, Oxford, 

President of the Society. 

I HAD better begin with Amos' disclaimer, "I am no prophet, 
neither am I a prophet's son, but I am an herdman and a 
gatherer of wild hgs." I have no business in this chair. 
I am in no sense an antiquar}^, and my knowledge of the 
small plot of archaeology that I affect to work is of the 
shallowest. I have neither the leisure nor the habit of mind 
necessary for the historical investigation of the subject. jNIy 
knowledge (such as it is) is all at second-hand, and architec-. 
tural more than antiquarian. 

After this much-needed apology, I announce my subject : 
^'The monastic and kindred institutions that still exist 
above ground in Bristol and Gloucestershire." B3/ kindred 
institutions I mean friaries and colleges : not hospitals, 
much less chantries. Even with this limitation, tlie subject 
is wider than I like to face. 

I had at first thought of tracing Gloucestershire monasti- 
cism from its ovigines ; but I soon found that I was wholly 
unequal to its adequate treatment, being away from books 
and unused to original historical research: and also that it 
has already been fully treated in your Transactions by a 
master's hand. So I take what interests me, and must try 
to interest you in it. 

In order to take a conspectus of monastic Bristol and 
Gloucestershire, we nuist pass before us in brief review the 
different monastic orders. Two great Orders or " Ru^es " 



Monastic Institutions. 39 

dominate English monasticism, the rule of St. Benedict and 
that of St. Austin. 

Both were simple, and though sufficiently strict to provide 
a real discipline of community life/' were both "sweetly 
reasonable." And both had enough of elasticity to render 
them permanent amid the shifting conditions of national life, 
recuperative and reproductive. For out of these two were 
evolved other systems, which flourished with more or less of 
vitality side by side with the parent orders. 

In the case of the Benedictines, the reason for secession 
first of Cluniacs then of Cistercians was dissatisfaction with 
a rale which to more ardent Pietists seemed not sufficiently 
strict. It was the same cult of perfection through asceticism 
which evolved the Montanists and Novatians in the second 
and third centuries, and long afterwards gave birth to 
Puritanism and its brood of Separatists. 

But while Cluniacs and Cistercians had their own separate 
organisation, they remained in close relation and full amity 
with the mother stock. Indeed, so close was the link 
between Cluniacs and Benedictines, that the Priors of 
Daventry and Monk Bretton sat in the English General 
Benedictine Chapter. Lewes was their mother house in 
England, but there were not many houses of the Order; nor 
IS it easy accurately to define their relation with the parent 
house at Clugny. 

The Cistercians also went off in quest of a stricter rule : 
from them sprang the Trappists of modern times. This 
yearning for austerity impressed itself on their monasteries. 
The church was plain and barn-like ; no triforium ; no 
tower : Pontigny is a good example of this severity, as also 
is Abbey Dore in England. Another peculiarity in their 
buildings was that whereas the Benedictine refectory lay 
parallel to the nave of the church across the cloister court, 
the Cistercian refectory ran out at right angles to the alley of 
the cloister opposite the nave. 

They differed from the Benedictines in being essentially 
agricultural, farming their own lands. With them, con- 



40 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



sequently, the Conversi, or lay brethren, formed a distinct 
element, and the domus convevsonmi a distinct feature in their 
buildings. The Benedictines rented their lands, and had 
paid lay servants. 

Stricter still, and combining the ccenobite and anchoret 
life, was the Carthusian Order, which took its origin in France. 
Its founder was Bruno, a native and canon of Cologne in 
1080. To most of us it is most familiar from the Grande 
Chartreuse in Dauphine, the Certosa at Pavia, and the 
Charterhouse (better known now as school than monastery) 
in London. In this Order the buildings were yet plainer and 
grimmer than the Cistercian. The monks seldom met 
except in choir : each tenanted his separate cell, through an 
aperture in which his daily rations were thrust from the 
cloister. This unique monastic arrangement may be seen in 
the ruins of Mount Grace Priory, near Northallerton in 
Yorkshire. The Order never became popular in England : 
besides the two houses already mentioned there were but 
few; none in Gloucestershire. Our nearest were Witham 
and Hinton Charterhouse, both in Somerset. 

The Augustinians were not monks or nuns, but canons 
or canonesses regular, because, unlike the secular canons of 
the cathedral and collegiate churches, they were bound by a 
definite rule of life. They were, like monks, enclosed, but 
much in the world ; often engaged in parochial ministration. 
They held, in fact, a m.iddle place between monks and 
seculars. 

From them sprang the Premonstratensians, a stricter 
branch, the Canons of the Holy Sepulchre, the Bridgettines 
for professed women, and our own indigenous English Order, 
the Gilbertines, founded 1139 b}^ Gilbert of Semperinghaniy 
in Lincolnshire (this was their mother house), and consisting 
of communities of men living under the rule of St. Austin, 
and women living under the Benedictine rule, living separate 
but in one conventual establishment. This Order was 
largely confined to the eastern side of England : one house^ 
Poulton in Wilts, closely adjoins our county. ♦ 



Monastic Institutions. 



Most of the larger monasteries of all the Orders had 
dependencies, or, as they are commonly called, cells — a 
difBcult term to define. They varied^in size, number and 
importance : e.g., Leominster, a large establishment with a 
stately church, was a cell of Reading ; Caversham, with but 
one resident canon and a tiny village church, was a cell to 
Notle}^ These cells were sometimes elevated into indepen- 
dent houses. Generally speaking, the priorate of a cell was 
dative, not elective ; sometimes both revenue and title were 
given to some senior or emeritus of the parent monastery^ 
who seldom visited the cell he was supposed to govern. 
Often — in the case of Augustinian cells usually — the 
parish church was served from the cell, the manse, like 
the parsonage of to-day, not being always closely contiguous 
to the church. 

Alien Priories were cells to foreign houses, chiefly 
(though by no means exclusively) Norman, and the direct 
outcome of the Conquest. They simply swarmed in the 
counties bordering on the Channel, and were dotted over the 
country generally, as Deerhurst was made a cell of St. Denys 
by the Conqueror. There were from loo to 150 of them, 
chiefly Benedictine but by no means confined to that Order. 
These cells were dependencies or colonies of the great 
French abbeys to which they belonged, manned or at least 
officered by Frenchmen ; but they were virtually nothing but 
foreign agencies to collect and remit rents and profits to the 
mother houses. Large sums were thus annually drained from 
the country. Dom. Gasquet makes the almost incredible 
assertion that in the reign of Edward IIL ;^2,ooo ( = some 
;f6o,ooo) found its way annually to Cluniac houses alone. 
This meant that during the French wars England was largely 
subsidising her enemy, to say nothing of the fact that AHen 
Priories constituted a kind of Intelligence Department to the 
foe. One cannot wonder, therefore, that our kings from time 
to time intercepted and appropriated their revenues. From 
about 1200 to 1400 they led a chequered existence, and 
finally were suppressed in 1414 and their revenues vested in 



■42 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



the Crown. This was the first great act of Disendowment 
in England, and doubtless formed a precedent for the greater 
one which followed in the next century. In this case, how- 
ever, there was no secularisation of church endowment. The 
foreign cells either were made denizen, or their property was 
diverted to the augmentation of English foundations, such as 
the Carthusian house at Shene, or the colleges of Eton, 
King's, Cambridge, and Windsor; or as Deerhurst was 
assigned to Tewkesbury. 

From the Monks we pass to the Friars, a totally different 
organisation ; bound indeed by the three great rules of 
chastity, poverty and obedience, but devoted not to self- 
culture in spiritual matters, but to the salvation of their 
fellow-men. Hence they were not, like monks, enclosed, 
being devoted to spiritual work outside their convent, which 
was more of a shelter than a home. Their houses were 
established almost entirely in towns and generally in their 
slums. They lived among the people, begged their daily 
bread, and in the days of their first zeal were both useful and 
popular. There were about 200 friaries in England appor- 
tioned mainly among four great Orders, Dominicans or Black 
Friars, Franciscans or Grey Friars, Carmelites or White 
Friars, and Augustinians or Eremites. There were a few 
lesser Orders, the most important of which were the 
Trinitarians or Maturines or Red Friars and the Crouched 
or Crossed Friars. Their houses were as a rule small, 
averaging ten inmates : their main business was preaching 
and teaching, and they lived on the alms of the people 
among whom they worked. Beyond their house, its church 
and ornaments they had no endowments. Hence at the 
Dissolution they contributed a beggarly quota to the spoil 
of the royal robber. 

Any sketch, however slight, would be incomplete without 
some reference to the two military monastic Orders, the 
Templars and the Knights of St. John, or Hospitallers, 
familiar to us who still read our Scott from TJie Talisman 
and Ivanlioe. They were a strange hybrid between sddier 



Monastic Institutions. 



43 



and monk, the former being the predominant feature. Into 
the tragic history of the Templars' fall I must not enter. 
Suffice it to say that their Order was sup^pressed in 13 12, and 
the greater part of their possessions and preceptories was 
transferred to the Hospitallers as being a kindred Order with 
like aims, viz. the relief of the poor, the maintaining of 
hospitality, the celebration of divine service, and the defence 
of the Holy Land. 

There is yet another coenobitic institution, distinct from 
the monastery and yet having some affinity with conventual 
life, viz. the College of Secular Priests, similar in constitution 
to the Old Foundation Cathedral Chapters. Some of them 
survived into my recollection — Windsor, Wolverhampton, 
Manchester, Ripon (refounded as a college out of a monastery), 
Southwell, Middleham, Heytesbury, Wimborne, St. Endel- 
lion, with a more or less complete roll of canons or preben- 
daries, with the Portionist churches of Tiverton, Burford, 
Pontesbury. But the Act of 1840, through sheer wantonness 
of destruction^ not only assigned the revenues of most of 
them to the Ecclesiastical Commission, but actually dissolved 
the corporations. Westminster (refounded as a college after 
the dissolution of St. Peter's Abbey), Windsor, and St. 
Endellion (saved probably by its obscurity and impecuniosity) 
are all that now survive. Eton and Winchester have been 
secularised and disendowed, and turned into governing 
bodies. 

. These colleges were numerous down to the reign of 
Edward VI., and were a most useful and beneficent institu- 
tion ; but with the hospitals, equally useful and beneficent, 
they were swept away to satisfy the unholy greed of the boy 
king's uncles and courtiers. In Durham Bishopric " (not 
diocese) there were five — Darlington, Chester-le-Street, 
Staindrop, Auckland, Norton ; and from these centres the 
prebendaries served the neighbouring village churches, living 
as seculars but under statutable discipline, very much like 
the modern clergy house. 

It is not easy to draw the line of demarcation between 



44 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



colleges and the larger chantries. These are not infrequently 
loosely styled colleges. 

This completes our survey, and it now only remains 
briefly to state what samples we have of all of these in 
Gloucestershire. 

Of Benedictine abbeys we have our great Abbey of 
St. Peter in Gloucester, refounded at the Dissolution as the 
Cathedral Church of the Holy and Undivided Trinity at the 
creation of the diocese out of Worcester, and the Abbeys of 
Tewkesbury and Winchcombe. All these were mitred at the 
time of the Dissolution, i.e. the abbot wore the insignia of 
episcopacy and sat as a Lord of Parliament with the Peers» 
Winchcombe is entirely gone, with the exception of some 
carefully-preserved fragments and a small oaken door. 

St. Peter's, Gloucester, had several cells or dependencies, 
(i) St. Guthlac's, at Hereford : possibly St. Peter's Church 
in that city may have served as the chapel of the cell, but 
its site is more probably where the gaol stands. (2) Brom- 
field, in Salop : the church survives, and the ruins of a 
mansion on its south side, probably built on the site and out 
of the materials of the Priory. (3) Ewenny, in Glamorgan, 
has its stately Norman church almost intact, and its gatehouse 
and precinct wall (in part). (4) Stanley Sl^. Leonard, in Glou- 
cestershire, also has its interesting church complete, and 
another small Decorated building of uncertain identification. 

To these we must add Kilpeck, in Herefordshire, with its 
beautiful little Norman parish church, which probably also 
served for the offices of the Religious ; and Ewyas Harold, 
largely reconstructed, but possessing a massive and dignified 
west tower — if indeed these were cells in the proper sense 
of the word. Llantwit Major, too, in Glamorgan, alsO' 
belonged to Gloucester, with a church of exceptional interest,, 
gatehouse, dovecot and barn, all pointing to a monastic 
settlement. The advowson was in the patronage of the 
Dean and Chapter of Gloucester till quite recently, when 
they exchanged it with the Bishop of Llandaff for a non- 
bilingual benefice elsewhere. * 



Monastic Institutions. 



45 



Besides these, the great abbey had a dependency at 
Oxford for purely academic purposes, Gloucester Hall, and a 
cell, St. Peter's, at Norwich ; and, as though all this was 
not enough, it unsuccessfully contested with Chertsey the 
claim to mother the Benedictine priory at Cardigan. 

Tewkesbury had as its cells St. James at Bristol, 
Cranborne in Dorset, and Deerhurst. The nave of the great 
Church of St. James much mutilated is used as the church 
of the parish. Deerhurst was an old Saxon monastery. It 
seems certain that St. Elphege was an inmate, and also 
abbot. It passed in the fifteenth century under the rule 
of Tewkesbury. Its most interesting church with th'j 
adjoining manse, considerably altered, still exist. 

Our Cistercian houses are Hayles, Fiaxley and Kings- 
wood. Of Hayles I need not speak. Till lately a considerable 
portion of the cloister was all that was known to exist. 
Thanks to the skilful operations of Canon Bazeley and Mr. 
Baddeley, we now know all about the great church and the 
chapter house ; and we eagerly await more light as further 
excavations are undertaken. 

Of Fiaxley very little is left ; what there is — a groined 
basement, now used as kitchen, and a good pointed door — 
are encased in a dwelling house, some of the roofs of which 
are possibly original. 

Of Kingswood nothing is left but the beautiful abbey 
gatehouse. Kingswood had a cell at Tetbury : a small 
fragment of wall with two or three trefoiled lancet windows 
(blocked) and a pointed door is all that remains of it. 

There were in Gloucestershire three Austin Canons' 
houses. Bristol, St. Augustine's Abbey, refounded as a 
Cathedral Chapter in 1542, and now restored to more than 
its original dimensions ; part of its Perpendicular cloister 
its fine Norman chapter house, with vestibule, a Decorated 
refectory door, and two Norman gatehouses are in existence. 

Of the great Abbey of Cirencester not a trace survives 
above ground but a gatehouse — not the principal one. 

Lanthony, properly Lantonia Secunda, just outside 



46 



Transactions for the Year .1905. 



Gloucester, almost obliterated by rail and canal, still 
possesses a splendid fragment of a barn, big enough and 
solidly enough built for a church, a timbered hospitium (?), 
and a fragment of what must have been a noble gatehouse, 
was formerly a cell to the Lanthony Abbey hid away among 
the bleak hills of Monmouthshire near the Vale of Ewias. In the 
time of Edward IV, their relative positions became reversed : 
Lantonia Secunda became the mother house, and the abbey 
on the Honddu the cell. Lanthony had a small dependency 
at Brockworth, where there is an almost exact reproduction 
of the Gloucester hospitium (?), with interesting wall paint- 
ing in an upper room. 

Gloucestershire had its share of alien cells. 

Beckford, cell to St. Barbe en Ange in Normandy, or 
according to some authorities to Cormeille ; granted by 
Henry VI. to Eton College. 

Brimpsfield, cell to Fontenay, then assigned to Eton 
College, and subsequentl}^ to Fotheringay College. 

Deerhurst, cell to St. Denys, assigned finally to 
Tewkesbury. 

Minchinhampton and Avening, dependencies of the 
Abbaye aux Dames (Ste Trinite) at Caen, both assigned 
to Syon (Bridgettine). 

Hasildon, a small monastery where the Cistercian monks 
of Kingswood sojourned in the time of King Stephen. 

Horsley, a cell of St. Martin of Troarn, which passed by 
exchange to the Priory of Bruton. 

Of these little or nothmg in the shape of conventual 
buildings survives. The parish church in whole or in part 
probably served for their divine offices. 

And, lastly, for the colleges. There were but few. By 
far the most important was Westbury-on-Trym : a fine 
church and a gatehouse tower still attest its importance. 

Cirencester, before it was made regular by Henry I., 
was a college of secular priests. 

Frocester was a college which became merged in St» 
Peter's, Gloucester. And there is said to have been a cpllege 



Monastic Institutions. 



47- 



at Kinline or Kinley, in the parish of Nimpsfield, of which 
I can find nothing. 

The following Friars' houses existed. At Gloucester 
houses of Dominicans, Franciscans' and Carmelites ; 
considerable portions of the two former houses still remain. 
At Wootton-under-Edge a small establishment of Crutched 
Friars. At Bristol the Dominicans had a house in Merchant 
Street, the Franciscans in Lewin's Mead, the Carmelites on 
the site of Colston Hall, and the Augustinians in the Goods 
Yard of Temple Meads Station. The refectory and infirmary 
of the first-named house still exist, and traces of the 
Carmelites' house were recently found in digging foundations 
to the west of Colston Hall. It is evident from an entry in 
the Pleas of the Crown for 1287 {Transactions, xxii. 168-9) 
that the Brethren of the Sac, or as they were rightly called 
Brethren of the Penance of Jesus Christ, had a house in 
Bristol about that time; but nothing is known concerning it, 
and the Order was suppressed by the Council of Lyons 
in 1307. 



SOME ANCIENT DEEDS 
^RELATING TO THE MANOR OF SOUTHAM, 
NEAR CHELTENHAM. 



By the Rev. E. R. DOWDESWELL, M.A. 

Having come into possession of a number of deeds relating 
to Soutiiam, I propose to give a catalogue raisonne of 
them. 

Before doing so it may be desirable to give a short 
account of the early devolution of the manor and estates 
there. 

The manor and a large estate in Southam was held of 
the Bishop of Worcester in the twelfth century by Milo, 
Earl of Hereford, who died in 1146. His sons all died s.p., 
and his estates were divided between his two daughters, 
Lucy, who married Herbert Fitzherbert, and Bertha, who 
married William de Brewes, whose share in the next 
generation passed by marriage to the De Bohuns. 

Of the two estates in Southam, that of the De Bohuns 
was the more important, being two-thirds of the wliole in 
extent, and including the manorial rights. 

We have first to deal with the Fitzherbert estate. 

Milo, Earl of Hereford, founded the Priory of Llantony 
juxta Gloucester, and part of the endowment consisted of 
the tithes of Southam.^ The convent owned an estate at 
Prestbury, but no land in Southam. 

1. My first deed is not directly connected with Southam. 
It is a grant by the Prior of Llanthony, and Milo de vStowell 
(near North Leach), cleric, to William de Agmundesham, 
cleric, of all lands which he held of the said Religious in 
1 Dugdale, Mon., vi. 136. < 



Some Ancient Deeds. 



49 



the parish of Cleeve, rendering los. per annum at the 
Prior's Court at Prestbury. It is dated 20 Edward I., 1291. 

This deed is in beautiful condition. See below. It is 
not, wholly irrelevant to our subject, as the two following 
deeds have to do with the estate of the family of 
Agmundesham, in Southam, and the last one connects 
them with the Fitzherberts. 

II. My second deed is dated 13 Edward 11. (1320). By 
it John, son of William de Agmundesham, grants to his 
brother Thomas all his rights in all the lands, &c., in 
Southam and Cleeve that belonged to his father, William 
de Agmundesham, the cleric. The only seal attached to it 
bears the device of two crossed hands. 

III. In the third deed Matthew Fitzherbert grants to 
Thomas de Agmundesham all his right in a half virgate of 

and in Southam which the said Thomas had by the gift of 
Herbert, the son of John, the father of the said Matthew. 
This deed is dated 14 Edward III., and is in excellent 
condition, with the seal of Mathew Fitzherbert almost intact, 
bearing a shield with three lions rampant, and surrounded 
by a legend,^ " TH.EI, FILII HERBERTI." 

Before leaving these deeds of the Agmundeshams I may 
say that there is no place of that name in Gloucestershire or 
the neighbourhood. But the town of Amersham, in Bucks, 
was anciently spelled Agumdesham. Lysons (in his Mag. 
Britt.) says, " Agmundesham or Amersham, called in Domes- 
day Elmondesham, was given by William the Conqueror to 
Geoffrey de Mandeville, and descended from him to the noble 
families of Fitzpiers and de Bohuns." 

From this mention of the family of De Bohun I conjecture 
that possibly the William de Agmundesham who bought 
land in Southam from Mathew Fitzherbert may have come 
there with the De Bohun who married the heiress of 
Southam. 

It is worth noting that Fosbroke says that one William 
Emmundesham was seized of the Fitzherbert estate temp. 

1 Sig. Mat. 

5 ' 

Vol. XXVIII. 



50 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Henry VIII. It seems probable that he was a representative 
of the fourteenth century Agmundeshams aforesaid. 

It would be difficult, and for my purpose unnecessary, to 
trace in detail the ownership of the Fitzherbert estate for 
the next 200 years, because I have no deeds to illustrate it. 

The Mathew Fitzherbert of my last deed seems to have 
given up all his rights in the lands to his brother Reginald 
in the fifth year of Edward III.,^ and after that the name of 
Fitzherbert does not again occur as owning land in Southam. 

Fosbroke does not know how William Stokes and his 
son became possessed of the manor temp. Henry VL 

The local historians trace the frequent changes down to 
modern times. But the name of Goodman does not appear 
as landowner here until Bigland quotes Leland to the effect 
that Sir John Huddlestone, of Millom, "who had a pretty 
manor place at Southam," had " bought the land from one 
Goodman," which must have been temp. Henry VII. Bigland 
adds "that the very ancient mansion at Southam was 
originally detached from the manor." This, I think, is 
proved by one of the following documents, which shows that 
neither Sir John Huddlestone, who built Southam House, 
nor Kenard Delabere, who inherited it, were " lord of the 
manor" at any time. 

We must therefore bear in mind that the two estates in 
Southam were quite distinct, and that the manorial rights 
were attached, not to this estate, but to the other. 

IV. My next deed is the will of Sir John Huddlestone, Kt., 
which is dated 1545 ; he died in 1547. 

This Sir John Huddlestone, Kt., of Millom Castle, in 
Cumberland, came of a very ancient and important family. 
They were lords of Millom in that county from at least the 
twentieth year of Edward I. The lordship of Millom was 
an immense tract of country ten miles in length and six miles 
in breadth, containing in itself divers manors which are held 
immediately of Millom. Millom Castle is placed at the foot 
of the River Duddan, and the lordship comprehends the 
1 Fosbroke, ii. 356. * 



Some Ancient Deeds. 



51 



whole of the peninsula formed by the channel of the River 
D?iddan on the east and the ocean on the west. 

This great manor was given in the time of Henry I. to 
the De Boyvills, and was brought to the Huddlestones by the 
marriage of Joan de Boyvill to John Huddlestone in the time 
of Henry HI. 

The Huddlestones themselves traced their descent from 
Gamel de Pennington, who is said to have been seated at 
Pennington at the time of the Conquest. 

From Sir John Huddlestone, first lord of Millom, who 
married Joan de Boyvill, descended a long line from father 
to son till we come to Sir John Huddlestone, Kt., who 
married Joan, daughter of Sir Miles Stapleton, temp. 
Henry VH., and was succeeded by his eldest son, Sir 
Richard. His second son. Sir John, married a daughter of 
Lord Fitzhugh. This Sir John was appointed steward of 
Sudeley Castle when on the attainder of Ralph de Boteler 
after the Battle of Bosworth Field (1485) that estate came 
to the Crown. ^ 

It was probably at this time that he bought the estates in 
Gloucestershire that were inherited by his son — our Sir John 
— later on. He or his father also took part in beautifying 
the Abbey of Hayles. Three of the great bosses from the 
roof of the. cloisters which were discovered by our secretary 
bear his arms. The first the Huddlestone coat alone — 
fretty. The second and third bear his arms impaling 
Stapleton; for he had married Jane, one of the daughters 
and coheirs of Sir Miles Stapleton. He died in 15 13, and 
was succeeded at Millom by his eldest son. Sir Richard, 
who married Margaret, daughter of Richard Neville, Earl 
of Warwick ; and our Sir John, as a 3'ounger son, did not 
succeed to Millom till after the death of his nephew 
Richard, who died s.p. But he probably inherited the 
Gloucestershire estates in 15 13, and added thereto, as he 
tells us in his will, by purchase, and built for himself 

^ See Patent Roll, i Richard III., part v., No. 148, where he is called 
" John Hudilston Esquire of the royal body." 



52 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



that beautiful specimen of Tudor domestic architecture 
which we know as Southam House. 

His will, which is dated 1545, deals only with his 
Gloucestershire estates, which he divided among his 
younger children. His eldest son, Anthony, who succeeded 
him at Millom in 1547, is not mentioned in it. Sir John 
was born in 1489. 

He had married first Jane Clifford, who died childless ; 
secondly the Lady Joan Seymour, aunt of the Lady Jane, 
the second wife of Henry VIH., who was the mother of 
al] his children ; and thirdly Joice Richley, who died 
without issue. 

By this will (deed No. IV.) he left the house and land 
in Cockbury (a farm near Southam) to his son Henry, which 
he tells us he had lately bought of Sir William Kingston. 

He left to Richard his lands in Oxenton, Pamington, 
Cockbury, and Eckington. 

To Andrew a house and land in Guyting. 

To Elynor Huddlestone, my daughter (N.B. — Not married 
in 1545), my messuage and lands in Southam, Prestbury, 
Brockington and Woodmancote. 

To Bridgett, Whitbecke and Millom, in Cumberland, 
and to Anne, his house and lands in Sudeley and 
Winchcomb. 

Bridgett married (i) Sir Hugh Askough of Seyton, 
Cumberland, (2) William Pennington of Muncaster. 

Anne married Ralph Latus, of Kirkby Trelith, whose 
line ended in a daughter, married to William Blencowe, Esq., 
in 1769; while Elynor married Kenard Delabere some time 
between 1545 and 1554, and brought him Southam House 
and* the lands in Southam, Prestbury, Brockhampton, 
and Woodmancote, which we know were left her in her 
father's will. 

Having thus shown how large an estate in this neigh- 
bourhood Sir John divided between his younger children, 
we may now confine our attention to Elynor, the heiress 
of vSoutham. 



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54 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



She married, as we have seen, Kenard Delabere some 
time between 1545, the date of her father's will, and 1554. 

V. For in my next deed (dated 1554) Francis Evans 
grants certain lands in Southam to Kenard Delabere and 
Eleanor his wife. 

VI. In 1581 (the date of my next deed) Anthony 
Huddlestone, who describes himself as son of Sir John 
Huddlestone, Kt., of Millom, and through whom the line of 
Huddlestone, of Millom, was continued till 1774,^ grants and 
confirms to his sister Elynor, now wife of Kenard Delabere, 
Esq., all the messuages, lands, and tenements that had been 
devised to her in their father's last will, "whereof they are 
now and have been for divers years in quiet and peaceable 
possession," but " since divers of the ancient deeds and 
writings and evidences concerning the same messuages, 
lands, &c., have been conveyed away . from me, which may 
hereafter happen to breed some trouble to the occupiers of 
the said lands, &c.," therefore "for the avoiding of such 
trouble, &c., he doth grant and confirm to his sister Elynor, 
&c." In witness whereof he wrote "A. H." and affixed his 
seal bearing the arms of Huddlestone. ^ 

VII. In like manner we have a deed dated 1614 
(No. VII.), by. which William Huddlestone, of Millom, son 
of Anthony, and Joseph Huddlestone, of Farrington, in the 
Bishoprick of Durham, renounce all their right and title in 
the lands in Southam now in possession of Richard Delabere, 
grandson of Sir John Huddlestone.^ 

VIII. Deed No. VIII. is dated 1588, by which John 
Wolley, of Cheltenham, confers on John Delabere the office 
of Seneschal of Cheltenham. 

We may take it, I think, for granted that by this 
time the whole of that one-third of Southam which we 
called the Fitzherbert estate had been acquired by Sir John 

1 Hutchinson's Cumberland, vol. i., pp. 527-8. 
2 Note that Sir John had by his will left the property to Elynor, and 
her heirs male, and in default to his other children in succession, which 
perhaps made these Deeds of Confirmation desirable. 



Some Ancient Deeds. 



55 



Huddlestone, and left by his will to his daughter Elynor, 
who married Kenard Delabere, and to their heirs. 

It remains to consider what ha'd become of the other 
two-thirds of the estate, including the manorial rights, which 
had come to the family of De Bohun. 

This estate descended from father to son for many 
generations till it came to King Henry V. as heir to his 
grandfather Humphrey de Bohun. 

This king gave it in dower to his queen with the other 
De Bohun estates, and so it was attached to the Duchy of 
Lancaster. 

Richard HI. granted it to the Duke of Buckingham, 
whose attainder brought it again to the Crown, and it 
remained in the Crown till the fourth year of James I., 
1607. 

IX. to XIII. These documents are extracts from the 
Court Roll of the Manor of Southam from 1574 to 1824. 
From them we learn that Queen Elizabeth was lady of the 
manor in 1574, while Mr. Richard Delabere (of whom anon) 
and Margaret his wife held their first court as lord and 
lady of the manor in 1607. 

XIV. Moreover, No. XIV. is an abstract of title of the 
manor, from which we learn that Queen Elizabeth leased the 
manor in 1577 to Thomas Duke for thirty-one years at a rent 
of £\i 2s. per annum. 

But James I. leased the manor in 1604 to Peter Vanlore 
and William Blake. 

The next year they assigned the lease to Lord Cranborne 
(afterwards Earl of Salisbury) for ;^i300, the rent to the 
Crown being £"30 12s. 6d. 

At the same time Lord Cranborne had to buy the 
remainder of the terms of Thomas Duke's lease, which had 
been acquired by William Jenison. 

XV. Who in deed XV. assigned the remainder of the 
term to Lord Cranborne in 1605 for ;^8oo. 

In 1607 King James granted the manor to his great 



56 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



minister free of all rents and dues, and in the next year 
Lord Salisbury sold the manor to Mr. Richard Delabere 
for ;^3,20o. 

XVI. In document XVI. we have the royal licence to 
alienate the manor in 1609. 

XVII. And in No. XVII. a recovery and fine of the 
manor in favour of Richard Delabere in 1608. 

XVIII. and XIX. Nos. XVIII. and XIX. are the deeds 
by which Lord Salisbury gave a final confirmation of his 
sale of the manor, and so completed the transaction in 161 1. 

It may be as well now to make it clear who this Richard 
Delabere was. 

This is made out for us quite clearly in the abstract of 
title before mentioned, No. XIV. 

The Kenard Delabere who married Elynor Huddlestone 
was the son of Sir John Delabere, of Kynersley, in Hereford- 
shire, which Sir John had a younger brother named Kenard. 
It was this Kenard's son Richard (a barrister-at-law), who 
bought the De Bohun estate from Lord Salisbury. He was 
thus first cousin to the Kenard Delabere who married 
Elynor Huddlestone, and had so acquired the other part 
of the Southam estates. 

Thus we have the two cousins Kenard and Richard 
Delabere in possession of these two estates, which lay side by 
side, but still quite separate until when Richard died s.p.^ 
his estate came to his next heir male, his cousin's son, 
Kenard Delabere. 

Thus at last the two portions of the Southam estace 
which had been divided between the two daughters of Milo, 
Earl of Hereford, in the twelfth century, were re-united once 
more in the seventeenth century in the person of Kenard 
Delabere the younger. 

XX. to XXVIII. During the seventeenth century 
certain small portions of land were bought or exchanged 
thus : — 

XX. John Shewell assigns Hall Close to John Moore. 
1 62 1. 



Some Ancient Deeds. 



57 



A TABLE SHOWING THE CONNECTION OF THE FAMILIES OF DELABERE OF SOUTHAM 
AND BAGHOT OF PRES^BURY. 



George Delabere 
of Kynersley, 
CO. Hereford. 



Sibilla, d. of Thomas Walweyne. 



John Delabere Sybil], 
of Kynersley, I d. of John Scudamore, 
of Holme Lacy. 



Kenard Delabere 



Kenard Delabere = Eleanor Huddlestone, 
(migrated to Southam). heiress of Southam. 



Kenard Delabere 
inherited Richard's 
estate as next heir 
male in 1636. 



Richard 
who bought the 

Manor from 
Lord Salisbury. 

ob. s.p. 1636. 



= Joan Hailes. 



John Delabere — Anne Stephens. 



John Delabere 
b. 1663, 
I ob. s.p. 1690 at 
Hamburg. 



I 

Kenard Delabere 
ob. s.p., and left Southam 
to William Baghot, his 
sister's son. 
ob. 1722. 



Hesther, 
d. of John Neale, Esq. 
of Dean, co. Glos. 



Margaret, 
d. and heiress of 
John Newman. 



John, 
ob. s.p. 



Anne = Wm. Baghot, Esq. 
I of Prestbury. 



William Baghot Delabere 
who cut off the entail in 
174 1, 
ob. 1764. 



Hesther, 
d. of Thomas Stephens, 
of Lypiatts. 



Thomas Baghot Delabere, 
h. unmarried 1821, set. go, 
nd left all his estates to his 
wo surviving sisters, Grace 
Vebb and Sarah Delabere. 



* Grace, 
b. 1740, 
ob. 1829. 



Rich. Webb, 
of Bishop'- Cleeve. 
b. 1740, 
ob. 1775 s.p. 



Thomas Baghot 
of Hewletts, 
Prestbury. 



* Sarati, 
ob. 1829, 
spinster. 



* These two ladies left the estates to their 
cousin Elizabeth Wathen's son-in-law, 
Thomas Edwards. 



Anne Small, 
of Clapham. 
ob. 1706. 



Elizabeth Baghot 



Thos. "Wathen, 
of King's 
Stanley. 



Jane Wathen = Thos. Edwards- 



Rev. John Edwards = 
Vicar of Prestbury, 
took the names of Baghot 
Delabere in 1879. 
ob. 1885. 



Elizabeth, 
d. of John Milford, 
of Exeter, 
ob. 1881, 
agt. 77. 



Rev. John Baghot Delabere = Louisa E. M., d. of Sir James Robertson 
formerly Vicar of Prestbury, j Bruce, Bart, 

now of St. Mary's, Buxted. 

and has issue. 



58 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



XXI. Richard Delabere exchanges a smith's shop for 
Queenwood. 1613. 

XXII. Bond of Thomas Loring to Richard Delabere. 
1624. 

XXIII. Counterpart of ditto. 1624. 

XXIV. Thomas Loring sells to John Carter seven acres 
in Hall Close. 

XXV. Giles Broadway sells to Richard Delabere Upper 
Park Hall. 1625. 

XXVI. Bond of ditto. 

XXVII. John Moore and Giles Broadway lease the 
above to John Sparry. 1625. 

The abstract of title aforesaid (deed No. XIV.) sets forth 
the devolution of the manor as follows: — 

Kenard Delabere, the younger, married Joan Hailes, and 
was succeeded by his son, John Delabere, who married Anne 
Stephens, and by her had three children — 

1. John, born 1663, who died i,.p. at Hamburg in i6go. 

2. Kenard, who married Hester, daughter of John Neale, 

Esq., and died s.p. 

3. Anne, who married William Baghot, Esq., of 

Prestbury, 

This Kenard, dying without issue, left his estates 
to V/illiam Baghot (the son of his sister Anne), who 
then took the name of Delabere. Will dated 1702, 
ch. 1735. 

William Baghot Delabere in 1741 cut off the entail. My 
copy of the abstract of title is here deficient, but I may add 
from other sources that he was succeeded by his eldest son, 
Thomas Baghot Delabere, in 1764, who died unmarried in 
1820, at the age of go, and left his estates to his sisters, 
Grace Webb and Sarah Delabere. 

XXXII. Thomas had, however, mortgaged his estates 
for ^7,500 to Giles Nash in 1764, on his succession, 
one of our documents — No. XXXII. — being a schedule 
of the deeds and writings deposited as security for that 
sum. < 



Some Ancient Deeds. 



59 



XXXVI. I have no farther evidence of Mrs. Webb 
beyond the fact that she was ahve in 1824, when a Mr. Little 
offered to purchase the manor of Pitc;hcomb from her and 
her sister, Sarah Delabere. 

XXXVII. While Sarah Delabere joined with Thomas 
Edwards in a bond to John Terrett, of Tewkesbury, for 
;fi,ooo, dated March 24th, 1829. 

XXXVII. In June, 1830, notice was given to Mr. Thomas 
Edwards, of Prestbury, to repay this ;^i,ooo, showing that 
meanwhile Miss Sarah Delabere had died. 

My other deeds are not very important. 

XXX. Baghot and Newman exchange lands in 1732. 

XXXI. A presentment of the jury of the court of 
William Baghot Delabere. 1749. 

XXIX. Abstract of Bayliss's right to catch rabbits in 
the warren. 1749- 

XXXVa. Notes of evidence as to the rabbit warren. 
[n.d.] 

XXX. Counsel's opinion on commoners' rights in Cleve 
Hill, by Anthony Keek. 1749. 

XXXIV. A letter from Rich. Freeman (his lawyer) to 
John Delabere. [He was a brother of Thomas, the last of 
the family, and died in 1795, s.p.'] ijSy. 

XXXV. An order to the petty constable to summon all 
tenants to attend the Court Leet of Thomas Baghot 
Delabere at Southam. 1820, 

This was in the year before the death of the last squire 
of Southam in the direct line of Baghot Delabere. 

As we have seen already, this Thomas Baghot Delabere, 
who died in 1821, set. 90, left his estates to his only surviving 
sisters — Grace, who married Richard Webb, of Bishops 
Cleeve, and died s.p. in 1829, and Sarah, a spinster, who 
died in July of the same year. 

I have no more deeds to illustrate the further history of 
the manor and estate ; but it will be a fitting conclusion 
to this paper if I add a few notes concerning the present 
representative of the ancient families of Delabere and Baghot. 



6o Transactions for the Year 1905. 



It will be remembered that Kenard Delabere, the last of 
the heirs male of that line, left Southam to William Baghot, 
the eldest son of his sister Anne, who then took the name 
of Delabere in addition to that of Baghot. 

This Anne Baghot had another son, Thomas Baghot. 
Thomas Baghot married Anne Small, and left by her two 
children — Thom^is, who died s.p., and Elizabeth, who 
married Thomas Wathen, Esq., of King's Stanley. She left 
one only daughter, Jane, who married Thomas Edwards, 
of Bristol. Elizabeth Wathen was first cousin to the two 
old ladies, Grace Webb and Sarah Delabere, to whom 
Thomas Baghot Delabere, their brother, left the whole of 
his estates when he died in 1821. These two sisters in 
extreme old age by deed of gift made Thomas Edwards 
(who had married Jane Wathen) their residuary legatee, 
who thus on their decease in 1829 inherited Southam House 
and all their property. 

This Thomas Edwards left the estate, then valued at 
;^i,50o a year, to his son John Edwards in 1835. Mr. John 
Edwards was in Holy Orders and Vicar of Prestbury. He 
married Elizabeth, daughter of John Milford, Esq., of 
Exeter. He assumed the name and arms of Baghot 
Delabere by royal license in 1879, and died in 1885, and 
was succeeded by his son, the Rev. John Baghot Delabere, 
formerly Vicar of Prestbury, who is yet alive, and Vicar of 
St. Mary's, Buxted, in Sussex. 

In 1839 Southam House was sold to the late Lord 
Ellenborough, but a portion of the estate is still held by 
the Rev. John Baghot Delabere. 

I shall hope on some future occasion to give in these 
pages a pedigree of the ancient family of the Delaberes. 



i 



THE MISERERES IN GLOUCESTER CATHEDRAL. 



(A Lecture.) 
By OSCAR W. CLARK, M.A., M.B. 

As you are all aware, in recent years there has been a 
great alteration in the received view as to what constitutes 
history. We are gradually discovering that it is not only 
the great battles, or the events in the lives of kings, which 
are worthy of being narrated by historians, but an effort 
is being gradually made to try to understand the life, the 
customs, the beliefs, the amusements, and the cares of the 
people ; for if these are understood, not only can we regard 
history more sympathetically, but we are much more able 
to understand the conditions which produced the battles 
and revolutions which our forefathers alone thought worthy 
of narration. 

So now a personal record of any kind is eagerly seized 
on. We now rejoice that the Paston family did not destroy 
their papers, and that Ralph Verney was so painfully 
methodical and careful in keeping all his letters. The 
illuminations of such books as the Luttrell Psalter or of 
illuminated copies of Froissart are carefully studied and 
reproduced, and help to bring us to the absolute daily life 
of our forefathers — their toils, their luxuries, their simple 
weeds or gorgeous robes and head-dresses. In England we 
are singularly fortunate in our literature. In the pages or 
Chaucer we possess an absolutely inimitable picture of every 
grade of society, told in such a masterly way that all the 
characters pass before us as though in real life. Here the 
temptation to transgress my limits is almost unconquerable, 



62 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



for as most of you know this great poet is one of my very 
dearest friends. Besides Chaucer we have Langland's Vision 
of William Concerning Pievs the Plowman, which in a way is 
even more instructive. Chaucer describes all his characters 
from without, if one may so say, without in any way denying 
his glorious human sympathy with his characters, while 
the author of the Vision speaks of himself — sees life from^ 
within. In the Vision we have numberless details not 
only of methods of life and work, but what is almost of 
greater importance — of the beliefs held by the earnest, 
sober, deep-thinking men of the people, strong in their 
faith in the Church and in Christ, yet stirred to wrath and 
almost hopeless melancholy at the endless abuses both 
among the people themselves and in Church and State. 
There is one other book which I cannot pass over in 
silence, namely Pievs the Plowman's Cvede, which gives one of 
the most vivid pictures we have of the glories of such a 
monastic church as that of the Benedictine convent of 
Gloucester. I have stated that attention has been drawn 
to the pictures of daily life in the illuminated books ; studies 
too have been made of the wonderful carvings which remain 
in our churches, and more particularly in the west fronts 
which are the glories of the cathedrals in France. 

Here in Gloucester we are fortunate in possessing no 
small number of these carvings in the misereres of the 
beautiful stalls, which stalls of course are familiar to you 
all, but which the photographs on the screen will recall to 
your memories. Of the stalls and their canopies I will not 
say. much. You have heard from our General Secretary 
who erected them and at what date. They are Early 
Perpendicular, but with richer mouldings than is generally 
found in that style. Each canopy with its pinnacles has 
a very rich effect, and when seen in perspective make a 
good show ; but there is very little variety — each stall is 
exactly like its neighbour — and there is not that over- 
flowing imagination and invention which is seen in the 
finest Decorated work. It is in the misereres that the 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 63 



originality is shown ; they are fifty-eight in number, some 
fourteen being new, made when the choir was restored in 
1873. A great deal of work, too, was then done in repairing 
the canopies, which were either very imperfect or had been 
repaired with poor wood, which already showed signs of 
decay. 

As to the new carvings, one of my great difficulties has 
been to find from where the designs have been taken. The 
suggestions for some, as I shall show you, have been taken 
from the stalls at Worcester, but some I have not been 
fortunate enough to trace. 

I shall not take these carvings in the order in which 
they are placed in the cathedral, but shall arrange them 
in groups, and shall take each group in turn ; but before 
I begin I should like to discuss the question. Why is it 
that there are so few religious subjects represented, and 
folk -tales, domestic scenes, and fabulous monsters are so 
numerous ? Personally I have never found a satisfactory 
explanation. First let us remember that the choir of a 
monastic church was for the use solely of the monks. So 
far as I know, it would be a most unusual thing for a 
layman even to come into the choir. We know that 
laym.en were shown round the cathedral at Canterbury 
from Erasmus's most interesting epistle describing his visit, 
and that he was taken into the choir ; but he specially 
mentions that he had letters of recommendation from the 
archbishop. I should suppose that here in Gloucester a 
layman would be shown round the ambulatory to see the 
shrine of the Martyr King — notice, by the way, that the 
screen does not come round the outer side — and the different 
chapels, but I should very much doubt if he would be 
allowed to go into the choir. The carvings there must 
have been for the delectation of the monks alone. Now 
who carved them ? Did the monks themselves do any 
manual work in the way of building or carpentry? We 
have the tradition that the vaulting of the nave was done 
by the monks themselves, yet this is mentioned as some- 



64 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



thing remarkable, the presumption being that it was quite 
exceptional. 

There was a good deal of structural building going on 
at Bury St. Edmunds during the time of Jocelin de 
Brakelond, and yet he never refers to the brethren working 
at it ; so, as far as I can learn, we are in complete 
darkness as to who were the carvers or who suggested 
the designs. Can we attribute the satirical scenes — which 
are almost absent at Gloucester — to the monks, or to the 
workmen who were laughing at their employers ? This 
seems to me of the two the more likely. Personally I am 
not satisfied that VioUet-le-duc's often-quoted explanation 
of the sanction of the bishops of the buffoonery of the 
mock services in the cathedrals, which is — that the bishops 
preferred to throw their churches open to the crowd and 
to permit such jollities within the consecrated walls rather 
than run the risk of dangerous fermentation of popular 
ideas outside ; I say, I doubt if this explanation would 
in any way apply to the grotesque carvings of a Benedictine 
abbey in England. The great French cathedrals were 
secular churches built by the enthusiastic laity, and were 
in every way different from the exclusive sanctuaries of 
the regulars, which so many of our English cathedrals and 
abbeys were. 

It is very fortunate that we possess the Fabric Rolls of 
Exeter Cathedral, which was a church of Secular Canons.. 
The misereres there are said to be the earliest in England, 
and are most excellent ; some few are satirical or refer to 
folk-tales. In these Rolls there are noted the definite 
payments made to the workmen, and even occasionally 
the name of the workman ; e.g. Robert Galmeton was 
paid for making the bishop's throne ad tascum ; again, 
"for carving 6 statues for the bishop's seat, 32 shillings" 
(date 13 16-17). So I think this is sufficient evidence that the 
carving there, at any rate, was done by workmen who seem 
also to have had a free hand in their designs. 

I shall now show you the slides which have been 



No. 47. RECUMBENT FIGURE. 




No. 15. THE THREE SHEPHERDS FOLLOWING THE 
STAR WHICH ANNOUNCED THE BIRTH 
OF THE SAVIOUR. 



• 




No. 50. A DRAGON. 



No. 37. ST. MICHAEL AND THE DRAGON. 




No, il. FABLE OF LION AND FOX. 




No. 9. OWL IN BROAD DAY BEING FESTERED 
BY LESSER BIRDS. 




No. 3. KNIGHT KILLING GIANT. 
Valentine and Orson ?j 




i 

i 



,No. 26. ^ALEXANDER'S JOURNEY TO THl' SKY 




No, 27. HAWKING, 



No. 54. STAG-HUNTING. 




No. 12. HUNTSMAN. 
(St. George and the Dragon?) 




No. 5. BEAR-BAITING, 



No. 6. ISWORD PLAY. 




No. 32. GAMBLING (?) 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 65 



made for the Society from the excellent negatives taken 
by Mr. Dugdale. The Society is indebted more than 
I can say for the work he has done, both in taking the 
photographs and making these slides. ' Personally I am most 
grateful to him for the very liberal way in which he has kept 
me supplied with prints both for my own study and also 
for those which I was able to send away to friends who I 
thought might be able to help me in the interpretation of the 
carvings. I propose to show them in groups according to their 
subjects, and will begin with a series of recumbent figures. 

No. 55. A very rudely-cut figure with hands together in 
attitude of prayer. 

Nos. 42 and 53. Duplicates of a figure in a cap, which 
seems to have a hood attached at the back, the right hand 
supporting the bracket and holding a staff to help him to 
maintain his position ; he seems to be in a loose surcoat or 
mantle, with a tight-fitting garment, the cotehardie or tunic, 
shown underneath at the neck, and pointed shoes. 

No. 25. A crowned figure with long hair, the head 
supported by the right hand, clothed in the same way. 

No. 47. A more interesting male figure, but difficult to 
describe ; he is clothed in a tight-fitting cotehardie or tunic, 
buttoned, as was usual, all down the front ; round the hips is 
buckled the military belt, which supports in front his anlace 
and gypciere ; he wears the tight-fitting hood of the period 
(that of Chaucer), which has a richly-embroidered "dagged" 
border, and from which hangs a flat, long, narrow liripipe, 
the upper end of which is broken. 

I propose now to go on to religious subjects, representa- 
tions either of Biblical scenes or those affecting dogmas or 
celestial beings. , • ^ , 

No, 39. Representing the Temptation of Adam and Eve, 
a modern carving, the original of which is taken from one of 
the stalls at Worcester, a slide of which I show. This is 
very interesting. In the centre is the serpent, winged, 
twining round the tree, with a human head. Eve on the left 
holds an apple in her right hand, while with the left she is 

6 , 

Vol. XXVIII. 



66 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



offering the apple to the deviL Adam is also eating. In the 
modern one at Gloucester she is offering the apple to Adam, 
but none of the three are eating. 

Nos. 49 and 13 (new). The Sacrifice of Isaac, the old one 
being a modification of the corresponding stall at Worcester. 
The old one is much the more interesting of the two ; in 
both Isaac is pleading for mercy— in the new one on a heap 
of faggots, in the old one on a well-vested altar ; while in 
the ancient example the angel, who is appearing to the right 
of Abraham, appears to be holding the upper part of the 
sword in his left hand ; in both the ram caught in the thicket 
is shown. 

I show a very early woodcut of this subject from 
Mandeville's Travels. 

No. 20 is a new carving, and is difficult to interpret. 
This again is modified from Worcester, which I show. I 
think it is a representation of Moses rebuking the Israelites. 
Evidently the figure on the left is Moses, as you see by the 
horns on his head and the tables of the law which he holds 
in his left hand. On the right are three figures, a man 
stooping forward with the palms of the hands supine as 
though in a deprecating manner ; behind is a mother turning 
tenderly to her child, whom she is embracing with her right 
hand. In the. Worcester carving Moses is represented on 
the right, Aaron possibly on the left, God the Father 
encouraging Moses in the background, while in front is the 
object of idolatry, which, however, is not a calf, but a bird 
on a pedestal.^ 

No, 4. Samson and Delilah. Samson lies asleep at full 
length, enveloped in a long and loose robe ; he is represented 
as a judge, and is of enormous size as compared to Delilah. 
She, with a pair of shears, is cutting off a lock of Samson's 
hair which is long, flowing over his shoulders ; she is in 
flowing drapery, standing partly ,behind tlie sleeper and 
stooping over him. Above them are three roses. 

1 Probably intended to represent a cherub ; compare Ezekiel i. 10 
and X. 14. — Ed. 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 



67 



No. 15. A very interesting and often reproduced carving. 
Wright, in his History of Grotesque in Art, describes it as 
follows : " Represents the three shepherds astonished at the 
appearance of the star which announced the birth of the 
Saviour of mankind." Like the three kings, the shepherds 
to whom this revelation was made were always in the Middle 
Ages represented as three in number ; here the costume is 
remarkably well depicted, even to the details with the various 
implements appertaining to their profession, most of which 
are suspended from their girdles. They are drawn with 
much spirit, and even the dog is represented as an especially 
active partaker in the scene. 

Note the hood which each wears, as well as the hat which 
is often drawn, as here, hanging at the neck. Each carries 
a crook. They wear high boots fastened with buttons, 
and long tunics, and carry at the girdle two or three 
implements, one at least of which is the tar box which 
was used for dressing the sheep. We have this alluded 
to in the Vision (x. 259-263). Speaking of the bishops, who 
are bad shepherds of their flocks, he says : — 

For meny (^^^!j^fyi) wolves, have broke into foldes 

Thyne (^^^ogr^) blynde that bryngeth forth thy lambren. 

Dispergentur oves — thy dogge dar nat berke ; 
The tarre is untydy, that to thyne sheep bylongeth. 
Hure salve is of supersedeas in someneres boxes 
(a writ to stay proceedings). 

No. I (new). The Adoration of the Magi. A very 
charming carving. Not a definite copy. 

No. 46. Presentation of a youth to the altar ; possibly 
our Lord by St. Joseph and the Virgin. On the altar stands 
a candlestick, 1 while from above hangs a lamp. This again 
is adapted from Worcester. 

No. 7. Coronation of the Virgin. Modern, copied from 

1 The Feast of the Purification is known as Candlemas on account of 
the processions with lights and hymn-singing which it was the custom 
to use on that day. — Ed. 



68 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Chester. May I remind you how this subject was at this 
period becoming more and more frequently represented ? 
As you know, the east window, one of the glories of the 
cathedral, represents this subject, while at the extreme end 
of the nave over the west window we have it again celebrated 
in the centre boss of the vaulting built by Abbot Morwent in 
1420-37, a slide of which I show. 

No. 24 (new). Two Angels playing, taken from Chester. 

Leaving now these simpler carvings, I enter upon a very 
much more difficult subject, namely Monsters — by which I 
mean the union of two separate animals, as human-headed 
dragons, or semi-human beasts such as mermaids, and Real 
Animals such as pelicans, almost all of which have some 
deeper significance behind them ; but it is not at all easy for 
me in my limited time to deal with this subject adequately. 

The natural history of the Middle Ages had many different 
sources, and combined them all. Firstly, the Bible and other 
Hebrew literature, then the classical authors, more particu- 
larly the Natural History of Pliny (a stupendous tome full 
of the most remarkable collection of extraordinary stories we 
can imagine), then Egyptian cults and beliefs. In addition 
to these there was an Eastern invasion, evidence of which is 
found in ^sop's Fables, The Golden Legend, and Bavlaani and 
Joshaphat, shown by stories of sphinxes, human-headed bulls, 
and so on. These were combined in the Alexandrian School 
of Philosophy and Theology, where all these fabulous animals 
and their stories were explained as having an allegorical 
meaning. Gradually an enigmatical and mystical relation 
between the world of men and the world of beasts was 
established. Origen, for instance, when speaking of the 
creation, explains the creatures that fill the waters, the fowls 
(ff the air, and the creeping things, as signifying good or evil 
thoughts and feeling, and calls attention to the great whales, 
as symbolising violent passions and criminal impulses. 

And so arose the collection of the current opinions and 
ancient traditions concerning the characteristics of animals 
and plants known as the Physiologus, compiled b)^ an 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 69 

Alexandrian Greek somewhere about the fourth century. 
This book was translated into many languages and influ- 
enced the whole of Europe, and was 'the foundation of the 
Bestiaries, or books on animals, which are so common in 
mediaeval literature. 

I cannot do better than quote the words of Professor 
Evans in his book on Animal Symbolism in Ecclesiastical Archi- 
tecUire as showing the development of this subject : — 

" Very early in the Christian era this traditional material 
infused itself into patristic literature, and thus gradually 
passed from rhetorical decoration in Christian homilies to 
artistic decoration in Christian architecture, where it found 
expression in fantastic and often monstrous forms, which 
can be understood only by tracing them to their sources 
in the superstitious notions of the ancient, and especially 
Oriental peoples. With the growth of religious scepticism 
and schism this symbolism gradually and imperceptibly 
merged into satire, so that it is often difficult to draw a 
line of demarcation between them. Mediaeval humour was 
coarse rather than keen, and better skilled in wielding 
bludgeons than in brandishing rapiers." 

I should add to this that of course in each country 
these traditions would be modified and added to by the 
beliefs and superstitions already existing in that country. 
As I shall show you, we have evidence of the addition of 
one Norse legend at least here in our cathedral. 

It will make this subject plainer if I treat some of the 
next few carvings more in detail, and I propose to take 
one representing the elephant first. 

No. 35. Representing an elephant ; on its back an 
embattled howdah, like a castle with two stories, which 
rests on a cloth secured by a broad belt beneath. Evidently 
the carver had never seen an elephant, for he has given 
him feet like a cart-horse, more or less a horse's head, and 
a large flowing tail, also like that of a horse. 

A bestiary of about the same date as these carvings has 
been printed by the Early English Text Society [An old 



70 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



English Miscellany, edited by Rev. Richard Morris, 1872), 
and let us see what is said in the account of the elephant. 
The first two lines please me very much — 

Elpes arn in Inde riche 

On bodi borlic berges-ilike (like a mountain). 

There is something very delightful and elephantine in the 
alhteration of the second line. 

Then follows an allusion to the belief that the elephant 
has no joints to its limbs, and therefore cannot kneel down ; 
hence this animal was long regarded as an emblem of the 
kingly rank — 

That he ne falle nither not 
That is most in here (his) thought 
For he ne haven no lith (joints) 
That he mugen risen with. 
How he restheth him this der (beast) 
When he walketh wide, 
•Harken how it telleth her 

For he is all unride (immense) 
A tree he seeketh to, fuligewise (truly) 
That is strong, and steadfast is, 
And leneth him trustlike thereby 
"When he is of walke weary. 
The hunter hath beholden this 

That will him swiken (deceive) 
Where this beastes wunne (wont) is 

To don his willen. 
Saweth through tree and underprops 
In the wise that he may rest 
And hileth (covers) it well that he cannot tell, 
Then he maketh there to char (resort) 
Himselfen sit alone beholding 
Whether his gin will him deceive. 
Then cometh this elp unride (elephant immense) 
And leneth him upon his side, 
Sleepeth by the tree in the shadow 
And fallen both so together. 
If there is no man when he falleth 
He remeth (cries out) and helpe calleth, 
Remeth reuful-like on his wise (manner) 
Hopeth he shall through helpe risen. 



The rest of the herd tries in vain to put him on his legs — 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 71 



But for the help of them all 

Ne may he commen so on stalle (upright), 

Then remen them all a rem 

So homes blast, other belles drem^melody) 

For their mikle reming 

Running cometh a youngling 

Tathe (quickly) to him luteth (stoops) 

His snout him under putteth 

And with helpe of them all 

This elp he reisen on stalle 

And thus atbreasted (gets away) this hunters breid (deceit) 
O the wise that I have you said. 

[The spelling of quotations from the bestiary has been 
modified.] 

Then comes the significacio — 

"Thus did Adam fall through a tree; Moses in vain 
tried to raise him, afterwards the prophets ; a cry went 
up to heaven, and Christ came down to their aid ; He 
became man, and by death went as it were under Adam 
and raised him out of ' dim. hell.' " 

It is an odd thing that Caesar in his Commentaries tells 
the same story of the elk. 

I throw on the screen a very early woodcut of an 
elephant with its castle from the first printed edition of 
Mandeville's Travels, which was written at about the 
period in which these stalls were carved. He says. — 

" And that same King of Talonache hath 14,000 
Olyfantes or mo which be all tame, and they be fedde 
of the men of his country, for his pleasure, because that 
he may have them redy to his handes when he hath any 
warre against any king or prince, and then he doth putten 
upon their backs castles and men of warre, as use is of 
these landes and lykewyse do other kings and princes 
thereabouts." 

I show an extremely interesting carving of an elephant 
from the stalls at Exeter, very early in date (1224-44), which 
is clearly a copy from life. The large ears, the great tusks, 
the upturned trunk are full of character, and the elephant 
is evidently an African one. Nov/ we know that in 1254 



72 



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St. Louis of France gave an elephant to Henry III., and 

Matthew Paris describes the flocking of people to see the 

mighty beast on its way to London, and we have a drawing 

of the elephant by Matthew Paris himself ; it is possible 

that the carver may himself have seen this elephant. 

No. 16. The Pelican "in her piety." The story of the 

pelican does not occur in the bestiary I have quoted from, 

but it is a well-known Christian symbol. The bird has at 

the tip of its long bill a crimson spot, and this gave rise 

to the belief amongst the olden naturalists that this bird, 

while really pluming its feathers, was feeding its young with 

its own blood; it is therefore the symbol of loving sacrifice. 

Dante speaks of our Lord as " Nostro pelicano." "The 

pelican, whose sons are nursed with bloude, stabbeth deep 

her breast, self martheresse through fondness of her brood." 

So Hamlet (iv. 5) — 

And like the kind, life rend'ring pelican, 
Refresh them with my blood. 

A variation in the pelican legend may occasionally be met 
with where, instead of the young being nourished by the 
blood of the bird, their dead bodies are restored by it 
to Hfe. 

" The pelicane fervently loveth her young byrdes, yet 

when they ben haughtie, and beginning to wax bote, they 

smite her in the face, and wound her, and she smiteth them 

and siayeth them, and after three days she mourneth for 

them, and then striking herself in the side till the blood 

run out, she sparpleth it upon their bodies and by virtue 

thereof they quicken again." ^ 

1 The first two lines of the sixth verse of the hymn by St. Thomas 
Aquinas {c. 1260) on the Holy Eucharist, commencing " Adoro te, devote, 
latens Deltas, " run thus — 

Pic pellica7ic, Jesn domine 

Me immnndum munda tuo sanguine. 

In Bishop Woodford's translation they are rendered — 

Fountain of f^oodness, Jesti, Lord and God, 
Cleanse us unclean with Thy most cleansing Blood, 

because the bishop used the form given in Dr. Newman's Hymns from the 
Parisian Breviary, in which the first line is thus given — 

O Jons puritatis, Jesu Domine. 
— Ed, < 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 



73 



No. 50. The Dragon, a four-footed beast with the wings,^ 
head and feet of an eagle, is the commonest of all monsters, 
and is used most frequently as the symbol of " the dragon,, 
that old serpent, which is the devil.' I could occupy the 
whole evening with extraordinary stories of dragons who, 
among other peculiarities, though it is not commonly known,, 
are great enemies to elephants. " For the elephant's blood 
is exceeding cold, and therefore the dragons be wonderful 
desirous thereof to refresh and cool themselves therewith,, 
during the parching and bote season of the year, and to this 
purpose they lie under the water waiting their time to take 
the elephants at a vantage when they are drinking, when 
they catch fast hold of their trunk, and they have not so 
soon clasped and entangled it with their taile but they set 
their venomous teeth in the elephant's eare (the only part 
of their body which they cannot reach unto with their trunk) 
and so bite it hard. Now these dragons are so big withall 
that they be able to receive all the elephant's blood. 
Thus are they sucked drie, until they fall down dead, and 
the dragons again drunken with their blood are squised 
under them, and both die together." (Holland's Pliny, 1601,. 
p. 199b.) 

No. 34. Lion combating dragon. The same idea — the 
lion, the noblest of beasts, representing the principle of 
good combating evil. The bat-like wings of the dragon 
are well shown. 

Noc 45. The same combat. Victory uncertain. 

No. 58 (new, from Worcester). Lion beginning to 
overcome. 

No. 43. Another of same subject. The lion victorious. 

No. 2. Two dragons fightmg, from Boston Parish 
Church, Lincolnshire. 

No. 23 (new, from Winchester). Two dragons with 
necks joining in one common jester's head with cowl and 
ass's ears. 

There is a carving somewhat like this at Exeter. 

No. 37. A winged human figure with an angel-head 



74 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



and legs bare, wearing a long, loose garment gathered in 
at the neck and with tight sleeves, is thrusting a spear into 
the mouth and piercing the head of a four-footed, bat-winged 
dragon, the spear-head and shaft are seen coming out at the 
shoulder. This may perhaps represent St. Michael slaying 
the devil. 

No. 14. A mermaid holding a large fish in each hand. 
Both the fishes and the piscine portion of the mermaid 
have loose, waving fins, which give a very graceful and un- 
dulating effect to the group. An exceedingly graceful design. 

May I read to you what the bestiar}/ says about 
mermaids ? 

In the Sea fenden (are found) 

Selcouthes (wonders) manie. 

The merman is 

A maiden ilike 

On breast and on bodi 

But all thus she is bunden (limited, bound) 
From the navel netherward (downwards) 
• Nor is she no man like 

Oc (but) fish to fuliwis (to a certainty) 

Mid (with) finnes waxen 

This wonder wuneth (dwelleth) 

In wankle stede (unstable) places 

Where the water sinketh 

And scath (harm) thus worketh. 

Merry she singeth this mere (mermaid) 

And haveth many stefnes (staves, voices) 

Many and sille (shrill) 

Oc it been well ill 

Shipmen here stering forgeten 

For her stefning. 

Slumberen and slepen 

And too late waken. 

The sipes (ships) sinken with the suk (treachery) 

Ne commen he no more up 

But wise men and warre (wary) 

Again cunen chare vknow how to return again) 

Ofte arn atbrosten (often are escaped), 

From her evil breast. 

Ye have heard told of this mere 

That is thus monstrous 

Half man and half fish 

Something tokneth bi this. t 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 75 



And the moral is : Many men are like the mermaids ; they 
speak fair, but their deeds are evil. 

It is interesting to find that Changer knew his natural 
history, for in the Nun's Priesfs Tale he says — 

And Chauntecleer so free 
Soong merrier than the mermayde in the sea ; 
For Physiologus seith sikerly, 

How that they syngen wel and myrily. — (4459-4562.) 

No. II introduces us to some more compound beasts. 
Two monsters, the one on the right has fore limbs ending in 
human hands and hind limbs ending in three-clawed feet, 
with a man's face under a conical cap ; the other has a 
female human face, hooded, and four three-clawed feet. 
The bodies of both terminate in long lions' tails. 

No. 31. Two wingless, four-legged monsters with dogs' (?) 
heads, fighting, the victorious one biting the back of the head 
of the other, which is protruding his tongue in disgust. Both 
have a mane running the whole length of the body and lions' 
tails. 

No. 36. Combat between an eagle and a four-footed 
beast, possibly a panther. 

No. 40. A very heavy, cumbersome horse, on which rides 
a four-footed animal with a curling tail and semi-human 
face. Query a lioness, or perhaps a monkey. 

We now come to a few slides illustrative of popular 
stories, mostly from ^sop. 

No. 41. A lion approaching a fox stealthily, who is 
holding out his fore limbs deprecatingly. I think this is an 
allusion to the fable of the lion " which sometime faygned 
himself seke and when the beestes knew that the lyon was 
seke they would go alle to visite and see him, as their king, 
and incontinent as the beestes entryd in to his hows for to 
see and comforte him he devoured and ate them. But the 
foxes were too wary to follow their example ; the lion 
demanded of them why they would not come within, and 
one of the foxes sayd to hym : ' We know well by thy traces 
that all the beestes which have entryed in to thy hows came 



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Transactions for the Year 1905. 



not out agairie, and also if we entryed within no more should 
we come ageyne.' " 

No. 29. A rudely-carved figure of a man and donkey 
embracing, which I take to be an illustration of the fable of 
the ass and the young dog in ^sop. 

If you remember, " the asse was envyous of the dogge 
being in such favour with his lord, for he said to himself: 
' Yf my lord and his meyne love this myschaunt besle 
because that he chereth and maketh feste to everybody, by 
greater reason they ought to love me yf I make cheer to 
them. Fro henceforth I shall take my disport and shall 
make joy and play with my lord.' " If you remember, the 
result was disastrous: "The lorde's servants thenne took 
anone grate staves and began to smyte upon the poor asse 
and so corryged and bete him that after he had no luste ne 
courage to daunse ne make to nonne chere ne feste." 

No. 9. An owl in the centre standing on a stem of a 
tree, the branches of which support a pair of birds on each 
side ; they all have their beaks open and appear to be 
chattering at the owl which they surround. This may be an 
illustration of the habit that birds have of surrounding and 
bullying the owl if he by chance comes out during the day; 
or it may be a symbolical allusion to the Jews, who in the 
Physiologus are compared to the owl, which cannot endure the 
presence of the sun, just as the Jews could not endure the 
coming of "the dayspring from on high," loving darkness 
rather than light because their deeds were evil. 

No. 17 (taken from Worcester?). May be in illustration 
of a story, so I have classed it here, but I have not been 
able to identify it. It represents a curious monster with 
hind legs only, large ears, a curious beaded cord (?) starting 
from the root of its nose and curling round its neck, with a 
huge mouth, down which the head of a man dressed in a 
loose tunic fastened by a beaded belt has disappeared— 
perhaps Jonah. If the figure had been that of a female it 
might be Saint Margaret, who in the course of her eventful life, 
among other unhappy experiences, was swallowed by thedevil. 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 77 



No. 3. A carving of the slaying of a giant by a knight. 
I have no clue as to what particular knight or giant this 
represents, though it has been said to^.be "Valentine and 
Orson." This is one of the most celebrated carvings in the 
cathedral, and has often been reproduced. The knight is 
armed with a hawberk, which is covered with a short 
surcoat open in front, and a comailed basinet with the 
ventaile or visor raised. On his left arm he holds his 
hollowed heart-shaped shield, and with his right hand he 
delivers a blow with his long straight sword at his opponent's 
throat. His limbs are defended by plate armour; he has 
shoulder roundels, and a narrow belt about his waist. He 
wears sollerets pointed and laminated, but without spurs ; 
his hawberk, as it is shown through the open jupon or 
surcoat below the waist, has a slit or slight opening in front. 
Standing by a tree with his back turned towards the knight, 
the giant turns his head, that he may look at his antagonist, 
whilst he aims a blow with the club which he holds in both 
hands. His head and neck are covered by a hood which 
covers his shoulders, and has a long pendant iiripipe ; he 
wears a tunic reaching to his knees, secured by a buckled 
waist belt, the sleeves having close-set buttons from the 
elbow to the wrist, sharply pointed shoes, and a long beard. 
On the other side of the knight stands his charger, barbed, 
and with saddle and bridle, patiently waiting till the combat 
is over. 

No. 48. The fox carrying off the goose. A very spirited 
carving, which of course brings to one's mind the delightful 
story that Chaucer put into the mouth of the nun's priest. 
I cannot resist the temptation of reading the very graphic 
account he gives of the hue and cry after the fox — 

This sely widowe, and eek her doghties two 
Herden these hennes crie and maken wo 
And out at dores sterten they anon 
And syen the fox toward the grove gon 
And bar upon his back the cock away, 
And cryden Out ! harrow ! and wely-away 



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Ha ! ha ! the Fox ! And after hym they ran 

And eek with staves many another man ; 

Ran Colle oure dogge, and Talbot and Gerland 

And Malkyn with a dystaf in hir hand ! 

Ran cow and calf, and eek the verrey hogges 

So were they fered for barkynge of the dogges 

And shouting of the men and women eek ; 

They renne so hem thoughte hir herte break. 

They yelleiden as fiendes doon in helle ; 

The dokes cry den, as men wolde hem quelle 

The gees for feere, flowen over the trees, 

Out of the hyve cam the swarm of bees ; 

So hydous was the noys, a benedicite ! 

Certes, he Jakke Straw, and his meynee 

Ne made never shoutes half so shrille. 

When that they wolden any Flemyng kille, 

As thilke day was maad upon the fox. 

Of bras they broughten homes and of box 

Of horn, of boon, in which they blew and powped 

And therewithal they shriked and they howped 

It seemed as that hevene should falle. — (555-581.) 

No. 18. Group of figure riding a goat. This is new^ 
being copied from the original at Worcester, a sUde of 
which I show and describe. Female figure, nude, covered 
witli a large net of wide meshes gathered in about the 
neck ; she grasps the right horn of the goat with her right 
hand, and with her left hand holds a rabbit under 
the net. She is half mounted, the left leg being thrown 
across the goat, while she is still standing on the other ; the 
left horn of the goat, which is branched, is broken away. 

This is one of the most interesting of the series, and is a 
splendid instance of the method in which explanations are 
made. The idea has been started that it is supposed to 
represent the punishment of incontinence ; that for that 
crime a woman was made to ride through the streets clad 
only in a net, on a goat, repeating well-known coarse rhymes 
that proclaim her shame. 

This is a delightful piece of guess-work without a shadow 
of evidence that such a punishment ever existed, the real 
truth being that it is an illustration of a very old Norse folk- 
tale, of which there are several different versions. I shall 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 79 



have to select one, but really this carving has points told in 
three several versions. 

The Story of Queen Disa. 

When King Frey, or, according to other accounts, a King 
Sigtrud, far back in the times of heathenism, ruled in the 
North, the population, during a long peace, had so greatly 
increased that one year on the coming of winter the crops 
of the preceding autumn were already consumed. The king 
therefore summoned all the commonalty to an assembly for 
the purpose of finding a remedy for the impending evil, when 
it was decreed that all the old, the sickly, the deformed, and 
the idle should be slain and offered to Odin. When one of 
the king's councillors, named Siustin, returned from the 
assembly to his dwelling in Uppland, his daughter Disa 
inquired of him what had there taken place, and as she was 
in all respects wise and judicious, he recounted to her what 
had been resolved on. On hearing it, she said she could 
have given better counsel, and wondered that among so many 
men there was found so little wisdom. These words reached 
at length the ears of the king, who was angry at her boldness 
and conceit, and declared he would soon put her to her 
wit's end. He promised to take her to his counsel, but on 
condition that she should come to him not on foot nor on 
horseback, not driving nor sailing, not clad nor unclad, not 
in a year nor a month, not by day nor by night, not in the 
moon's increase nor wane. Disa, in her perplexity at this 
order, prayed to the goddess Frigg for counsel, and then 
went to the king in the following manner. She harnessed 
two young men to a sledge, by the side of which she caused 
a goat to be led ; she held one leg in the sledge and placed 
the other on the goat, and was herself clad in a net. Thus 
she came to the king neither walking nor riding, nor driving, 
nor sailing, neither clad nor unclad. She came neither in a 
current year nor month, but on the third day before Yule, 
one of the days of the solstice, which were not reckoned as 
belonging to the year itself, but as a complement, and in like 



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manner might be said not to belong to any month. She 
came neither in the increase nor in the wane, but just at the 
full moon ; neither by day nor by night, but in the twilight. 
The king wondered at such sagacit}^, ordered her to be 
brought before him, and found so great delight in her con- 
versation, beauty, and understanding that he made her his 
queen. ^ 

Nos. 28 and ig (new). A male figure riding on a goat, 
the right hand holding one of the horns ; the other, a horn 
which he is either blowing or putting to his lips. Behind 
him hangs down a hare or rabbit. He also wears a very 
large hood, with a liripipe hanging from the back of the 
head, and which comes down in a loose manner right over 
the shoulders. He seems to wear a loose surcoat or tunic. 
The lower limbs appear to be bare ; the foot is in a stirrup, 
and he is in the attitude of turning to look backwards. 

I have not been able to identify this subject. 

There follow three carvings, one new, which are very 
similar, and I think all refer to the same story. 

No. 8 (new). Two griffins segreant. Addressed between 
them as though rising from between their wings a male figure 
crowned, with wavy hair, holding in each hand to right and 
left a staff or rod, like two sceptres, a boar's head on each 
staff at which the grifBns are pecking. 

No. 26. King seated on a throne; his crown, robe, and 
wavy adjustment of hair resembling effigy of Edward H. 
In his right hand and on his left he holds upright a slender 
staff, carrying what appears to be the leg — from the knee to 
hoof — of a deer ; with these deer's legs held in a horizontal 
position over their heads are two griffins segreant, they have 
collars from which chains hang which are attached to the 
king's throne. 

No. 22. King seated on a throne, with his right hand 
raised and forefinger extended as though demanding attention, 
the other on his lap; on either side a griffin segreant with 
bands round their necks, but no chains, standing on the arms 
^ Thorpe, Northern Mythology^ vol. i., pp. 209, 210. ^ 



ALEXANDER'S JOURNEY TO THE SKY. 




FROM A FIFTEENTH-CENTURY MS. GIVEN BY JOHN EARL OF SHREWSBURY 
TO MARGARET OF ANJOU cir. 1445). 

Br. Mus. Roy., 15 Ed. VI. fol. 20b. 

(By kind permission oj the Editor of the ''Burlington Magazine") 



i 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 8i 

of the chair in which the king is seated, with their beaks 
near the king's ears, as though whispering to him. 

These three (?) carvings represent i-^' Alexander's Journey to 
the Sky.'' 

The legendary history of Alexander is derived from a 
work written in Greek at Alexandria about a.d. 200, called 
Pseudo-Callisthenes. This was translated into Latin by the 
Archpriest Leo at Naples in the tenth century, when the 
particular incident here illustrated was added. 

There are numerous manuscripts and printed editions 
in many languages, the history being evidently very popular. 

The story runs that Alexander, arriving at the end of 
the world, pondered whether this were indeed the end 
of the world and the place where the sky slopes down 
to it. "I wished," he says, "therefore, to search out the 
truth, so I ordered two of the birds of that place to be 
caught. ... So when two of them were secured I gave 
orders that no food be given them for three days. And 
on the third day I ordered a piece of wood to be con- 
structed, in shape like a yoke, and a basket to be fastened 
in the midst thereof, with two spears set up therein, seven 
cubits in length, having horse's liver at the top. Imme- 
diately the birds flew up to devour the liver, and I went up 
with them in the air so far that I thought I was near the 
sky. And I shivered all over by reason of the exceeding 
coldness of the air that arose from the birds' wings." 

He meets a winged creature with a human face, v/hich 
warns him to desist, lest he be devoured by his own birds ; 
so he turns the spears downwards, and the birds descend. 
He beholds as it were a great serpent (the sea), and a 
small round threshing-floor (the earth) in the midst thereof, 
and alights eventually ten days' journey from the place 
where he had left his army. 

Note. — In the Burlington Magazine of February, 1905, 
there is an article by Mr. Campbell Hodgson on this journey, 
illustrated by early miniatures from French MSS., and also 
a reproduction of a unique woodcut by Schaufelein in the 

7 

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Transactions for the Year 1905. 



British Museum {circa 1516-37). I am indebted to Mr. 
Campbell Hodgson and the Proprietors of the Burlington 
Magazine for permission to reproduce one of the early 
miniatures. 

We now come to hunting scenes. 

Nos. 27 and 21 (new). Rider on a mule wearing spotted 
tunic and hood, which comes over his shoulder with long 
liripipe extending straight behind him ; sleeves tight with 
elbow lappets flying out behind. He has a cap on his 
head (?), tight leggings, and pointed shoes with rouelle 
spurs. He holds the reins in his left hand and a long whip 
in the right. The saddle, saddle cloth, stirrups, stirrup 
leathers, bridle and reins, with the enriched bit, are clearly 
expressed. In front of the rider is a hawk in the act of 
striking a large duck on the wing. Attendant on foot behind 
the rider in tight jerkin reaching to mid-leg, hood with liri- 
pipe and shoes, and beating a tabor. 

No. 38. Horseman riding at full speed. He wears a 
large mantle flowing behind him, a loose tunic, tight leggings, 
pointed shoes and rouelle spurs ; his sword or anelate is 
broken. He wears a cap, rather like a cap of maintenance, 
turned up over his face, fastened under the chin, and crowned 
with a low feather (?). He holds his reins with his left hand ; 
with his right he raises to his mouth a large hunting horn. 
The horse has an ornamental bit and bridle and single rein ; 
a saddle girth is shown, and the straps pass over the chest 
and under the tail. A dog is running under the horse. 

No. 54. Deer stalker, shooting with a long bow at a stag, 
again giving the expression of rapid movement. He wears 
a loose tunic and hood. The short sleeves of the tunic show 
the tight sleeves, close buttoned below, of his under jerkin. 
On his right side attached to his belt is a sheaf of " cloth 
yard" arrows. The shoes are sharply pointed. Extending 
behind him is his long rapier-like weapon, or it may be his 
sharp-pointed staff. 

There are two slides representing chivalry. 

No. 12. Knight riding full speed, bending forward on 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 



83 



his charger's neck. His helmet is cylindrical and closed, 
his shield is advanced before his face, his long surcoat is 
flowing behind him ; he wears rouelle spurs and holds a 
drawn sword in his right hand. The horse is fully barbed, 
and its face is protected by a "face crest." 

Notice close to the horse's head a winged and horned 
imp. This may possibly be a representation of St. George 
and the dragon. 

No. 52 (copied from Worcester). The Tournament. 
Single combat of knights. Two knights mounted, clad in 
complete plate-armour and joupons, which are elaborately 
jagged and embroidered. They wear rouelle spurs and 
helmets with the visors down, and the faces are well carved. 
Each has a shield with the notch in the upper side, on 
which the spear rested. The knight on the left is getting 
much the worst of it ; his horse is pushed back on its 
haunches, and the knight is evidently in a sore strait — so 
his squire thinks, who is equally lamentably overthrown. 
He has two tabors or drums, which he has been playing. 
The attendant of the victorious knight is complacently 
blowing a trumpet of peculiar shape. The horses' harness 
is most richly embroidered, but they wear no plate- 
armour. 

Sports and Pastimes. 

No. 5. Bull-baiting. On the left a bear sitting up, 
with collar and chain ; on the right a dog, also sitting up, 
with a collar alone. On the extreme right there is the 
terror-stricken keeper ; he seems to have a cap on his head 
and no hood, and his body is clothed by a jerkin closely 
buttoned in front ; in his right hand he holds a stick. On 
the other side of the bear lie two hats. 

No. 57. Wrestlers. Two men, nude except kilts, are 
wrestling together, each one grasping the other by a short 
scarf passing round his antagonist's throat. 

No. 6. Tree in the centre, and on each side a man in 
the act of rushing towards another on the other side. Both 
have hoods, tunics (mantles ?), button sleeves, and sharply- 



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pointed shoes. The man to left with long beard, his anelace 
or dagger hanging from his belt, his left hand stretched 
behind him, while with right hand crossing the stem of the 
tree he grasps the left hand of the other man. This other 
man with short-trmimed beard, his right hand outstretched 
behind him, with his left hand makes a thrust at the other 
with ]]is long anelace; part of the right arm is broken 
away. 

No. 33. Two youths playing with a large ball, wearing 
tight leggings and pointed shoes ; both have jupons reaching 
to the knee, jagged at the bottom, and buttoned with close-set 
buttons down the front ; their buckled belts sustain their 
gypcyeres (wallets) ; they wear their hoods, jagged or 
escalloped (and dosted) at the borders, and have very long 
and sharp liripipes hanging down behind. 

No. 32. Two youths, in same costume as the last, facing 
each other, playing with five balls or disks ; in the back- 
ground a rose tree with flowers and buds. 

No. 10. A lady in a garden. On each side is a tree with 
branches, &c. ; two birds sitting in the tree to the right and 
one to the left. The lady stands in the centre holding a 
branch with her left hand and some small object in her 
right, too small I fear to be a book. At her feet a dog is 
looking up at her. She w^ears a long robe with wide hanging 
sleeves ; on her head and falling over her shoulders a large 
hood, which is gathered up and fastened in front and thrown 
back on either side. 

No. 56. Subject unknown. To the left somewhat of the 
centre tlie ctem of a tree with branches, &c. On either side 
a boy (much mutilated). On the right is a woman advancing 
towards them with outstretched arms, carrying a small object 
in her right hand. She does not seem to wear a hood, but a 
kind of round cap on her head, and her robe fits much more 
loosely to her figure than in the last carving. On the extreme 
right and left in low relief lies a donkey. 

No. 44. In the centre is a tree; on either side of the 
stCiU a dog on his hind legs, with his fore paws on the stem, 



The Misereres in Gloucester Cathedral. 85 



barking (?) (the head is gone) at a fox among the branches. 
On the left a hunter kneehng on his right knee, wearing a 
tunic, belt and hood, shooting with his Ipng bow at the fox. 

Then lastly follow two scenes of husbandry. 

No. 30. Swine feeding in the back in a forest ; in the 
centre the stem of an oak tree with branches, amongst which 
are a squirrel and a bird. Under the tree a boar and sow 
are eating fallen acorns. On the extreme right is a dog. 

No. 51. Vintage. In the centre a vine with leaves and 
bunches of grapes. On either side stands a countryman ; 
that to the left is placing a bunch of grapes in a basket, 
which is held by his fellow, with his right hand, while with 
his left hand, which holds a knife, he is cutting off a bunch. 
His fellow on the right is holding the basket to receive the 
grapes with both hands. They are clothed in the same way 
exactly as the other similar figures, except that the one on 
the right seems to have no belt ; the other has tucked up the 
skirt of his jupon into his belt. 



HERALDIC NOTES OF THE 
SPRING EXCURSION TO BERKELEY CASTLE. 

By F. were. 

In the castle hall windows on the W. side there are a 
succession of shields representing the de Berkeleys and their 
alhances ; beginning with the coat of Denmark, from whose 
kings Hardinge is by tradition descended — of course this is 
an anachronism ; after which come several lords, who bore 
*' Gules a chevron argent," and the Berkeleys of Dursley, 
Argent a fess between three martlets sable"; whilst at the 
bottom of the first light is old Berkeley with an escutcheon of 
pretence, " Azure a saltire ermine," with, on scroll under- 
neath, " Joana de St. Maur." This is a puzzle; no old 
Berkeley in the pedigree was married to a St. Maur, and of 
course the coat is the husband's ; also it is not the St. Maur 
coat ; neither can I find a Joan St. Maur heiress. Again, if 
it is an error for Joan de Somery, who married Thomas de 
Berkeley, it is not the Somery coat, and I cannot find that 
she was an heiress, though possibly she might have been. 
Then on through Cornwall (error for Croun) Ferrers (the 
tinctures representing " Or and gules " are here, and in 
Noel especially, almost alike and so confusing), Zouch and 
Mortimer, the latter has the gyrons in chief based on the 
palets. The second window begins with the Berkeley coat, 
bearing the addition of ten crosses pattee as at the present 
day; Despencer, wife of Maurice de Berkeley; Berkeley 
with escutcheon of pretence really, quarterly, i and 4, 
"Gules a lion passant guardant argent crowned or," Lisle; 

" 2, Or a fess between two chevrons sable," Lisle; 3, 
" Argent a chevron gules," ? " Argent three bars gemelles 
azure," Pipard. The fourth Thomas Berkeley married 



Heraldic Notes. 



87 



Margaret, only daughter of Warine de L'Isle, written 
" Insula," the old name, underneath. Mowbray with its 
quarterings, Brotherton, Warren, and^Segrave, brought in 
with one of James Berkeley's numerous wives. Whilst at the 
bottom is "Argent a fess dancetty sable," Elizabeth West, 
first wife of William, Marquis of Berkeley. The second 
light starts with Berkeley and " Gules a chevron ermine 
between three erefoils slipped argent,'' Baron Maurice the 
Lawyer, married Isabel Mead ; Berkeley with the chevron 
ermine, which denotes Catherine, daughter of Sir William 
Berkeley of Stoke Gifford, who was the wife of Maurice the 
Courtier; "Quarterly gules and vair a bend or," Eleanor, 
daughter of Sir Marmaduke Constable, and wife of Thomas 
Berkeley the Sheepmaster; finishing with "Argent six lions 
rampant sable," Ann Savage, the second wife of Thomas 
the Hopefull. The third window begins with Berkeley and 
the quartered coat of Ploward, for Katherine, third daughter 
of Henry Howard, and wife of Henry the Harmlesse. 
Berkeley with escutcheon of pretence, "Argent on a bend 
sable three roses of the field," Carey. This denotes the 
marriage of Sir Thomas Berkeley, K.B., with Elizabeth, sole 
heir of George Carey, second Lord Hunsdon, who were 
parents of George, Baron Berkeley, called the Traveller or 
Linguist. Berkeley with escutcheon of pretence, " Quarterly 
ermine and purpure (really gules)." The last George married 
Elizabeth, coheiress of Sir Michael Stanhope. Berkeley with 
escutcheon of pretence, really " Azure three quarterfoils in 
chief a boar passant or charged on shoulder with a cross 
pattee gules and a crescent for difference of the second." The 
first Earl, George, married Elizabeth, daughter and coheiress 
of John Massingberd of London. The second light begins 
with the marriage of Charles, second Earl, with " Or fretty 
gules (the tinctures look almost reversed) a canton ermine." 
Elizabeth, daughter of Baptist Noel, third Viscount Campden. 
The next coat, Lennox, " Quarterly, France, England, Scotland 
and Ireland, within a bordure compony argent and gules, 
charged with eight roses of the last," belongs to Louisa, 



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daughter of first Duke of Richmond, and wife of James, third 
Earl. Then the coat of Drax, " Chequy or and azure on a 
chief gules three ostrich feathers issuant in plume of the first, 
may be argent," Elizabeth, daughter of Henry Drax, being 
the wife of Augustus, fourth Earl. Whilst the last coat is, 
I suppose, the most interesting to record, as I doubt its 
existence anywhere else, it is false heraldry, but I will try 
and blazon it. " Per pale vert and gules a lion passant per 
pale entrailed of the first and argent, tail or between three 
annulets, i, entrailed likewise of the first; 2, argent; 3, per 
pale entrailed also of the first and as the 2 annulet." This 
coat is inscribed underneath, " Maria Cole Tudor, 1755," and 
of course is intended to represent the marriage of Frederick 
Augustus, fifth Earl, with Mary, daughter of William Cole, 
who generally went by the name of Miss Tudor. No wonder 
now new false coats arise, as it looks like a parody on the 
proper Cole, a per pale coat charged with a bull. 



NOTES ON HERALDRY IN CHURCHES, 



DURING CHELTENHAM MEETING. 
By F. WERE. 
BADGWORTH. 

Most of Bigland's readings are there still; but there is one 
later. N. aisle. " Per pale or and ermine on a bend gules 
three unicorns' heads erased argent, crined and armed of 
the first," Bubb. Crest : Unicorn sejant argent crined and 
armed or resting dexter foot on a shield as in the arms, 
Antony Bubb and his wife Mary, 1827. 

BROCKWORTH. 
Bigland's Guise and Lawrence are there ; but there are 
several shields of the following, Bigland's reading being 
slightly different, so I give them, as they may lead to correct 
identification. Quarterly. i. "Ermine a saltire gules," 
Jones, really Fitzgerald, from whom he is descended. 2. "Or 
a lion rampant also reguardant sable." The first would 
most probably be Mathew, the second more likely the Welsh 
coat of Gwaithvoed ; but Bigland read it as " Sable a lion 
rampant reguardant or," which would be Evans or Lloyd. 
3. " Argent a lion rampant sable debruised by a bend gules," 
this is also Bigland's reading ; this is generally Burnell, but 
I can find no connection. 4. " Paly of six argent and gules 
over all a lion rampant sable." I think this must be " Paly 
of eight," Griffith Maelor. Bigland says, "Paly of six or and 
gules," a query. 5. " Paly of six or and gules," more likely 
" Paly of eight," when it would be Ynyr. 

WITCOMBE. 

Part of shield in window. " Fusilly argent may be or and 
? sable." Chancel. Hickes with baronet's escutcheon on 



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Transactions for the Year 1905. 



fess impaling " Gules three swords barways, points to the 
dexter proper, hilts and pomels or," Chute. Crest: Stag's 
head couped or gorged with a chaplet (of roses gules and 
vert — Bigland) but here of laurel vert. Sir William, seventh 
Baronet, married secondly Ann Rachel, daughter of Thomas 
Lobb Chute. The others are in Bigland, but the Hickes 
impaling " Argent two bars azure and in chief three pellets," 
Watts, has the date 1745, and is in memory of Mary, 
daughter of Jeffrey Watts, Esq., of co. Essex. This marriage 
does not appear in Burke's Hicks-Beach pedigrees, 

TREDINGTON. 

Brass. N. wall under belfry. " (Or) a lion rampant 
between three leaves — Bigland, olive ; Armories, holly — 
shpped (sable)," Surman. Crest : Bigland says, Lion's head 
erased sable, but this had a dexter paw, so it would be 
a demi lion erased. Motto: "Yet in my flesh shall I see 
God." John Surman, 1889. Bigland gives two hatchments, 
one Surman impaling PacKer, the other Surman impaling 
? Robartes. 

CLEEVE, 

On De la Bere monument. Quarterly of eight, i. De la 
Bere. 2. " Gules a bend argent a chief chequy azure and or," 
Bigland gives this, which he also says is on chimney-piece at 
Southam, but not the family. By its marshalling one would 
say it was the oldest coat, but the only one known like it is 
" Gules a chief chequy or and azure over ail a bend ermine," 
Hunsted, but I cannot find any connection between this 
family and the De la Beers or Kynardisley ; it does not come 
into the Gloucester or Hereford Visitations. 3. " Azure semee 
of nine crosses croslet a lion rampant argent langued gules." 
Bigland gives this " Azure a lion rampant semee crosses 
croslet argent." Breaus of Gowr. This is really " Azure a 
lion rampant between seven crosses croslet argent," Hereford 
Visitation, but more correctly *' Azure semee of crosses croslet 
(being sometimes seven or nine) a lion rampant argent," 
DE Kynardisley, being the place, I suppose, inherited* from 



Notes on Heraldry in Churches. 



91 



the family of that name, where Sir Richard De la Bere lived. 
4. " Gules on a chief argent three martlets sable," Bigland 
Chabbenore. De la Bere or de Kynardisley pedigrees do 
not give any connection, but it most probably came in with 
the last. 5. " Gules three — Bigland says four, and reads the 
coat as "Paly of six argent and sable over all four bars gules' 
— compony (may be paly) argent and sable," Barry or 
Barre. Sir Kynard De la Bere married Jone, coheiress of 
her brother, Sir John Barre. 6. " Barry of six or and azure 
a bend gules," Penbruge. Bigland read it, " Paly, &c.," 
but names it Pembrug^, so most probably " Paly " was an 
error of his or the printer. 7. " Azure a fess wavy between 
six dolphins naiant embowed argent," Newman. Bigland 
read this shield as quarterly of nine, so 7 with him is 
" Chequy gules and or a fess ermine," Turberville. I may 
have overlooked this, and he most probably is right, or the 
shield may have been repainted since his time. 8 or g. 
"Argent two bendlets and a cinquefoil in chief gules" is 
Bigland's reading. I should say the bendlets were gules and 
the cinquefoil in sinister chief sable, but he gives no family. 
.? A variation of Ireton, but I cannot find a Newman pedigree. 
Below, Bigland says on three shields, De la Bere impaling 
Walweyne ; Huddleston; and Newman quartering 8 or 9 
above ; so he either did not read them all, or else the 
additional eleven have been added since, as I read 13. i. 
De LA Bere. 2. The query Hunsted as before. 3. De la Bere. 
4. De la Bere impaling Newman and 8 or 9 quarterly. 5. 
Newman. 6. de Kynardisley. 7. Chabbenore. 8. "Gules 
fretty argent," Huddleston, but not impaled. 9. Barre. 10. 
De la Bere, impaling " Gules a bend ermine," Walwyn. 
II. De la Bere impaling Huddleston. 12. The 8 or 9 
above. 13. Newman. 14. Penbruge. Crest: Out of a ducal 
coronet or, a plume of five feathers per pale of the first and 
azure. The lady has at her feet a basket of roses. 

I read two more mentioned by Bigland, Bedingfield and 
Norwood, but not the five others, together with the following 
-since his time. S. transept. " Barry of ten argent and azure 



92 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



a lion rampant gules," William Beale, 1812. This is the 
coat of Guyling or Stratford, and I cannot make out that he 
inherited it ; besides, he had a coat of his own, so it looks 
like a wrong blazon. 

Chancel, N.E. Quarterly, i and 4. " . . . two 
chevrons between three escallops and between those in chief 
? a cross." 2 and 3. "A cross raguly." Crests: i. Stag 
trippant. 2. Tail of fish erect couped in middle. R. L. 
TowNSEND, D.D., 1830. The Townsend coat is given in 1682, 
Glos. Vis., as " Or a chevron ermine between three escallops 
sable," but it is questionable whether it was allowed, at any 
rate this is a variation, whether I read the charge for 
difference in the chief right or not. The cross raguly is 
evidently Lawrence, " Argent a cross raguly gules," which 
the second crest plainly shows : whether this proves his 
marriage with a Lawrence heiress or his ancestor's I cannot 
say, as he does not come into Burke's pedigrees. 

S. wall. Argent a scaling ladder erect in base and in 
chief a cross croslet fitchee gules," Ramus, impaling "Ermine 
a lion rampant ? proper, really azure, crowned or," Pickering. 
Crest : On ducal coronet an owl statant guardant. Charles 
Ramus and Mary Pickering, 1809. 

S. MARY, PARISH CHURCH OF CHELTENHAM. 
Bigland gives a great number of coats in this church. I 
had no time to read any, but what there were were in the 
S. aisle. All these I expected to find in Mr. Sawyer's 
History of the Church, therefore he might well write a descrip- 
tion of the monuments, &c., with their arms, inscriptions and 
dates to be added as an Appendix to his work, for without 
these the history of the church is incomplete. 

SOUTHAM CHAPEL. 
Chancel. S. window, i. *' Ermine on a bend engrailed 
between two cocks gules three mullets pierced or," Law, 
impaling, quarterly, i and 4, "Azure three sinister gauntlets 
and in chief a trefoil slipped or," Vane; 2 and 3, " Or a 



Notes on Heraldry in Churches. 



93 



bend compony argent and azure between two lions rampant 
gules," Stewart. Edward, first Earl of Ellenborough, 
married first Octavia Catherine St§.wart-Vane, youngest 
daughter of Robert, first Marquis of Londonderry. 2. Law. 
Quarterly i and 4, and 2 and 3, " Azure a castle (a tower) 
triple towered and domed argent," Towry. Edward, first 
Baron Ellenborough, married Anne, daughter of Captain 
George P. Towry. I cannot find that she was an heiress, so 
this coat should be impaled not quartered. Crest : On wreath 
argent and gules a cock of the last and ensigned with an 
carl's coronet. Motto : " Compositum jus fasque animi." 

Brass. Nave. Law, impaling, quarterly, i and 4, "Gules 
a bend vair . . . " ; 2 and 3, " Gules a saltire argent," 
Neville. Edward, Earl of Ellenborough, 1871. The first 
Earl died in 1871, having married first the Octavia Catherine 
Stewart- Vane above, secondly, Jane Elizabeth daughter of 
Admiral Digby, neither of which bore such a coat. 

W. window, i. See of (Bath and) Wells, with saltire 
per saltire argent and or impaling Law. 2. " Argent on a 
cross sable a mitre with labels or," See of Carlisle, impal- 
ing Law. 3. " Sable in base two croziers in saltire and in 
chief a mitre or," See of Killala. George Henry Law, 
Bishop of Bath and Wells 1824 to 1845, was the son of 
Edmund Law, Bishop of Carlisle 1769 to 1787, and the 
brother of John Law who was appointed to the See of 
Killala in 1787. 



MONUMENTAL EFFIGIES. 



DEANERY OF STONEHOUSE. 
Visited by WINIFRED P. SMITH, September, 1905. 



AVENING. CHURCH OF THE HOLY CROSS. 

1. Military. 

2. Kneeling figure. 

3. Stone. 

4. Slightly smaller than life-size. 

5. Coat of plate armour with ruff round the neck. Very 
full trunk hose ending with rosettes at the knee. The thighs 
are covered with armour plate in front. High boots to the 
knee with spur straps. 

8. The figure kneels at a small draped pedestal. There 
are pillars on each side supporting a canopy over which are 
the arms, " Argent, on a cross sable a leopard's head caboshed 
or," for Brydges. 161 5. 

Under the figure is the inscription on slate. The recess 
in which the figure kneels is blackened, thus throwing it 
into higher relief, but it is very high up on the wall, and it is 
consequently difficult to note all the details. There is a 
crest on esquire's helmet over the monument, a man's head 
from the shoulders in profile proper (really, "Vested paly of 
six argent and gules semee of roundles counterchanged "), 
wreathed gules and azure. 

9. Bigland, vol. i., p. 94; Rudder, p. 245. 

10. No painting, &c., but the eyebrows are blacked. 

12. East wall of north aisle. 



Monumental Effigies. 



95 



13. See No. 9. Bigland illustrates this monument. 

14. Very good. 
15- 

II. 

1. Civil. 

2. Bust. 

3. Stone. 

4. Life-size. 

5. Loose coat with lace cravat. Flowing wig. The left 
hand rests on a skull, and according to Bigland the right 
holds a civic crown. 

8. The effigy is full ' face in a recess between two twisted 
pillars supporting a canopy over which are the arms, "Party 
per pale indented argent and azure, two lions rampant com- 
batant, counterchanged," driver, impaling, " Party per chev- 
*ron argent and gules, a crescent counterchanged," Chapman. 
1687. 

The shield is supported by two cherubs blowing trumpets. 
9. Bigland, vol. i., p. 96 ; Rudder, p. 245. 
10. The decoration round the coat of arms is partially 
gilded. 

12. West wall of south aisle. 

13. See No. 9. 

14. Very good condition. 

15. The estate of Aston was held by the Driver family 
for some generations, and one John Driver left a benefaction 
of ;^5o, the interest of which was to bind out poor children as 
apprentices. 

EASTINGTON. CHURCH OF ST. MICHAEL. 

1. (i) Military. (2) Lady. 

2. Recumbent effigies. 

3. Stone. 

4. Life-size. 

5. (i) Effigy of a man, the body, arms and legs being 
encased in plate armour. Below the coat is another, three 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



inches longer, of chain armour ; and above from the waist is 
a pleated apron-like covering open about four inches in the 
centre and only extending to the hips. There is a belt 
round the waist from which two straps hang at the left side 
carrying the sword. The high collar of mail terminates in a 
short ruff, and there are also small ones at the wrists. The 
hands are clasped in prayer, and there is a ring on the first 
finger of the right hand. There are traces of spur straps. 
The hair is close-cropped, and a small beard and moustache 
are worn. Round the shoulders and across the breast is a 
scarf crossed at the waist under the buckle of the belt. 

(2) The lady wears a full-pleated gown with high collar 
ending in a small ruff, and having tight sleeves with a slight 
puff at the top. The gown opens in front from the waist to 
show an underskirt with doubly corded hem. There is a 
folded girdle tied in front with two short ends. Round the 
shoulders and meeting on the breast is a double chain, from 
which hangs a long single chain from the girdle to within 
five inches of the hem of the skirt ; this terminates in a round 
ornament with diamond-shaped centre. On the head is a 
Mary Stuart cap sewn at the edges with beads. 

Under the effigy lies a folded cloak, the collar, placed flat, 
being under the head on the cushion. 

6. (i) Helm with orle and heraldic drapery. 

(2) Two flat rectangular cushions with tassels. 

7. (i) Nothing. (2) Stone slab. 

8. A panelled altar-tomb. The three panels on the north 
side contain in a wreath the arms, "Party per chevron, argent 
and azure, in chief two falcons rising or," for Stephens. On 
the east side are two panels, one containing the arms as 
before, and the other, quarterly ist and 4th, "A cinquefoil, 
and in chief a lion passant," for Fowler^ ; 2nd and 3rd, "On 
a bend three cross crosslets." 

1 Biglahd is the only authority for this being the arms of Fowler ; but 
he says the shield is Stephens impaling the quartered coat of Fowler ; 
whereas here it seems to be only the Fowler quartered coat in a separate 
panel ; if so, I feel inclined to think that it represents Ann Kerry, widow, 
whom Richard Stephens married secondly ^Rudder, p. 431). — F. 



« 

Monumental Effigies. 



97 



g. There is no inscription ; but judging by the heraldry 
the tomb is that of Edward Stephens, who died 1587, and 
married Joan, daughter of Richard Fowler of Stonehouse. 
Fosbrooke, vol. i., p. 317.) 

11. (i) Nose and sword gone. 

(2) Nose, hands, and left foot gone. 

12. West to east against south and west wall of nave. 
Accordmg to Bigland it stood originally in the chancel, and 
would then have been against the south wall, as the east, 
west, and north sides of the tomb are decorated. 

13. Bigland, vol. i., p. 537. 

14. Fair condition. 

15. The Stephens family held the manor of Eastington 
from 15 Ehzabeth to the beginning of the nineteenth century. 

MINCHINHAMPTON. CHURCH OF THE HOLY TRINITY. 

1. (i) Military. (2) Lady. 

2. Recumbent effigies. 

3. Stone. 

4. Life-size. 

5. (i) Complete suit ot armour plate, including head, 
hands and feet. The legs are crossed at the knee and the 
hands clasped in prayer. This effigy wears a long surcoat 
<;onfined by a narrow girdle cut up in the front, under which 
two tunics are visible, one slightly longer than the other 
extending to the knee. These are also cut up a short 
distance in the front. His shield hangs at the left from a 
strap over the right shoulder. There is a wide belt buckling 
in front below the waist from which the sword hangs. There 
are spur straps on the feet. 

(2) The lady wears a gown with long pointed sleeves, 
beneath which are tight ones to the wrist. Her hair is 
padded at the sides, and she wears a wimple and kerchief, 
the latter has a fold coming from the back of the head to the 
front, where it is sewn down by a thread. The hands are 
clasped in prayer. 

8 

Vol. XXVIII. 



g8 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



6. (i and 2) Two rectangular cushions placed diagonally. 

7. (i) Lion. (2) Dog. 

S. The figures lie in recesses of the wall on stone coffins 
under elaborately ornamented ogee canopies, the exposed 
sides of these coffins are relieved by quatrefoils. On the 
shield of the knight an eagle is displayed in the first quarter, 
Bigland says "in sinister chief." 

g. There is no inscription ; but these tombs are so 
evidently part of the original design of the transept in which 
they lie, that the whole building must be regarded as a 
memorial of the personages represented by these effigies. 

Bigland says, " In the reign of Richard 11. (1382) Sir John 
de la Mere, and Maud his wife, rebuilt the south transept." A 
reference to the Inquisitiomm Post Mortem shows that in 

5 Richard II. (1581) Robertus de la Mere died seized of 
lands, &c., in Wilts, Herts, Devon, Herford, Oxon, and of 
lands, &c., " at Munechenhampton, in Gloucestershire." In 

6 Henry IV. (1404) "Matilda Uxor Roberti de la Mere, 
Chivaler" died seized of these lands. From these facts it 
appears that it was Robert, and not John de la Mere, who 
with his wife Matilda built the transept, and whose effigies 
lie under the large window. 

The arms of the De la Meres are as given in Edmonson's 
Heraldry very, various, but amongst others occur "three 
eagles" and " a lion passant." A pavement of encaustic 
tiles was found in 1842 underneath the stone pavement of 
this transept, the alternate tiles of which bore a lion passant 
and an eagle displayed. 

11. Tips of noses and fingers gone. Parts of the canopy 
have been restored. 

12. In the south wall of the south aisle. 

13. Lysons, plate xxxvii. ; Bigland, plate v. 

Rudder and Atkyns both give incorrectly that the tombs 
are those of one named Ansloe. 

14. In good condition. The carving of the drapery on 
the figures is very well executed. 

15. See No. 9. ^ 



Monumental Effigies. 



99 



SHIPTON MOYNE. CHURCH OF ST. JOHN THE BAPTIST. 

I. 

1. Lady. - 

2. Recumbent effigy. 

3. Stone. 

4. Life-size. 

5. She wears a long robe flowing from the shoulders to 
the feet, with long loose sleeves, and tight-fitting under- 
sleeves from the elbow to the wrist. Wimple and kerchief 
on the head. The hands are in the attitude of prayer. 

6. Two square cushions placed diagonally. 

7. Dog. 

8. Richly decorated canopy in form of an ogee arch 
with crockets. 

9. See No. II. 

11. All the features of the face completely worn away. 
Toes and fingers missing. 

12. West to east in south wall of chancel. 

14. The canopy is in good condition, but the effigy is 
much worn. 

II. 

1. Knight in armour. 

2. Recumbent effigy. 

3. Stone. 

4. Life-size. 

5. Complete suit of mail. A surcoat falling below the 
knee, confined by a girdle. The legs are crossed, and there 
are straps for spurs. A shield hangs on the left side from a 
strap over the right shoulder, buckling on the breast. The 
right hand clasps the hilt of the sword, and the left the 
scabbard. 

6. Two cushions set diagonally. 

7. Lion. 

8. The effigy is in a recess on a small slab bout two 
inches thick. Over it is a canopy similai' to No I., but with 
slightly different crockets. 



lOO 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



9. There is no inscription on this tomb or on Nos I. and 
III. Sir Robert Atkyns says that two eminent warriors lie 
buried in the church — le Moyne and Dovel. The female 
effigy is probably the wife of this one, No. II., as the canopies 
and general work are so similar in style. 

11. The legs are gone from the knees, but one foot is 
left. 

12. West to east in north wall of chancel. 

14. Very worn. No features to face. 

15. The family of le Moigne held the manor of Shipton 
Moyne (giving their name to the latter) for many generations. 
The serjeantcy of keeping the king's larder was long held by 
them. The family of de Dowe were also owners of a manor, 
to which they gave their name. 

III. 

1. Knight in armour. 

2. Recumbent effigy. 

3. Stone. 

4. Life-size. 

5. He wears a suit of mail and a surcoat. The hands are 
clasped in prayer. At the left side is the shield suspended 
by a strap from the right shoulder. There is a strap for the 
sword buckling in front. The legs are crossed at the knee, 
and the feet have spur straps. 

6. A round cushion. 

7. Dog. 

8. The effigy rests on a two-inch slab in a recess on the 
-wall, over which is a canopy in the shape of a Gothic arch 
with semi-quatrefoils richly decorated. 

9. See No. II. 

11. Very worn condition. One leg is gone from the 
knee. The head and shoulders were apparently broken off 
at one time and been rejoined. 

12. West to east in north wall of chancel. 
15. See No. II. 



Monumental Effigies. 



lOI 



IV. 

1. (i) Civilian. (2) Lady. 

2. Recumbent effigies. 

3. Stone and plaster. 

4. Life-size. 

5. (i) The man wears a long, red, flowing gown with 
sleeves. The collar, cuffs, and facings of the gown are blue^ 
also the girdle tied by a bow in front. At the wrists under 
the sleeves of the gown are smaller sleeves ending in a slight 
ruff. There is a ruff round the neck. 

(2) The lady wears a long blue gown with plain collar 
and sleeves opening over a tight-fitting, low-cut bodice filled 
in to the neck with a chemisette ending in a ruff. There is 
a full pleated gown under the long gown. The hair is parted 
and brought in waves over the ears, and is covered by a cap 
with a point over the forehead, and on the top a fold to the 
back and to the front again. Round it is a gold circlet. 

6. (i and 2) Two cushions, red and blue. 

7. (i) Dog. 

(2) Gilt bird. But this is quite loose, and there are 
no marks at the feet where it could have been fixed. 

8. Canopied tomb supported by six pillars, the whole 
decorated in red, blue and gold. The upper part of the 
canopy is supported by five caryatides, between which are 
panels with the arms. On the north side: Ist, "Ermine on a 
chief indented gules, three estoiles or," for Estcourt. 2ndf 
Quarterly ist and 4th, Estcourt; 2nd and 3rd, "Sable, a fess 
between three falcons' heads erazed or." (Given by Bigland 
as Goddard, but really Beauboys.) On the west side of the 
canopy: Baron and femme. (i) Two last mentioned coats 
quarterly, impaling " A fess ingrailed gules between three 
mules passant, in chief a crescent or," Ascough. Round 
the bottom of the tomb are figures of sons and daughters 
kneeling. On the north side three daughters in the first 
panel, two sons and one daughter in the second. In the 
panel on the west side are three sops. 



102 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



9. There is no inscription ; but Atkyns and Rudder both 
say the tomb is that of Judge Estcourt and his lady. 

10. The whole tomb is coloured in blue and red and gilt. 

11. The plaster work is broken away in places. The 
man's hands are cracked and loose from the wrist, and the 
lady's nose is broken off, but still in place. 

12. Against the east and south walls of the south aisle, 

13. Rudder, p. 655 ; Atkyns, p. 340. 

14. In good condition. 

15. The Estcourt family have owned the manor of 
Shipton Moyne for many generations. John Estcourt died 
seized of a manor in Shipton Moyne 14 Edward IV. 

TETBURY. CHURCH OF ST. MARY. 
I. 

1. (i) Knight in armour. (2) Lady. 

2. Recumbent effigies. 

3. Stone. 

4. Life-size. 

5. (i) Effigy of a man in plate armour, Vv^ith a ruff round 
the neck. He wears overlapping plate gloves and shoes, and 
has a belt with clasp from which the sword hangs. The hair 
on the head is cut very short, and he wears a round beard 
and moustache. 

(2) The lady wears a tight-fitting bodice with high collar 
terminating in a ruff. The sleeves are long and close fitting, 
with small epaulettes. A full skirt opens in the front over 
another skirt. There is a girdle tied in short bows and ends 
in front. Her hands are in the attitude of prayer, as also 
No. I, but there are peculiar raised markings on her hands 
which may be intended for veins. The hair is enclosed in a 
cap and worn brushed back from the face. 

6. (i) Helm. (2) Two cushions. 

7. (i) Lion. (2) Dog. 

8. There is no tomb or canopy, the figures merely resting 
on three-inch slabs. On the wall between the two effigies 



Monumental Effigies. 103 

are the arms: — Quarterly ist and 4th, " Cheeky argent and 
sable, on a chief or, three bucks' heads couped of the second," 
Gastrell; 2nd and 3rd, "Ten billets 4, 3, 2, i, a crescent in 
chief." On the femme side, ist and 4th, " Party per fess 
indented " (Bigland, dancetta ; Rudder, plain or obliterated) ; 
2nd and 3rd, "An eagle displayed." Bigland adds crest: A 
lion's head erased. 

g. No inscription ; but the coat of arms bears the date 
1586, and the arms are those of the Gastrells. 

11. Noses of both gone. The lady's fingers are broken 
off, and part of her head-dress. 

12. In recesses on the north wall of what are called the 
cloisters. The tomb was in the north aisle of the old church 
^vide Atkyns and Rudder). 

13. Atkyns, p. 374; Rudder, p. 732. 

14. Fair condition. 

1 5. There are no parish registers relating to the family 
earlier than 1634. 

II. 

1. Alderman. 

2. Bust. 

3. White and Purbeck marble. 

4. Life-size. 

5. Drapery round the shoulders, a falling ruff. Chain 
of office. Pointed beard and moustache. 

8. The bust, which is of white marble, is on a mural 
slab of Purbeck marble of obelisk shape. Underneath the 
bust is the inscription on white marble, surmounted by two 
small urns ; and below this the arms of Romney and Wight. 
The former are, "Azure, on a bend cotised argent, three 
escalop shells, gules"; the latter, "Gules, a chevron between 
three bears' heads erased, argent, muzzled , sable (generally 
within bordure engrailed or)." 

9. " This monument was erected in memory of | S'"- William 
Romney, Kn*-, one of the Aldermen and | Sheriffs of London, 
in the year of our Lord, 1603, | a native of Tetbury, and a 



I04 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

great Benefactor to it, | at the desire of John Wight, M.A., [ 
36 years Vicar of the Parish, and a sincere lover of it, j which 
he manifested by many Pubhc Charities, as well | as being 
the principal Benefactor and Promoter of | building this 
Church, which was opened Oct. 7, 1781. | The said John 
Wight departed this life | at the age of 70 years, Nov. 24, 
1777- i 

" Reader, encourage no unnecessary suits of law amongst 
thy I neighbours, but always follow after the things that 
make for | Peace ; be Public Spirited, and if thou art of 
sufficient ability | be sure to add some ornament to the 
House of God. Give some- | thing to thy Poor Brother, to 
the Widow, and Fatherless. Amen." 

12. North wall of chancel. 

13. Lee's History of Tethiry. 

14. Very good. Mr. Wight left a certain some of money 
for the repairing of this monument, 

15. Sir William Romney founded the Grammar School 
of Tetbury, giving a lease on the toll and profits of the fairs 
which he possessed to the town during its continuance. 
John Wight, M.A., at whose desire the monument was 
erected, and whom it also commemorates, was a most 
generous donor to the rebuilding of the church, to which he 
also bequeathed money under his will. 

III. 

Outside the church, lying under the west wall of the 
north porch, are two effigies on low slabs. They were dis- 
covered outside the north wall of the church overgrown with 
grass at a restoration undertaken in 1902. They are both 
exceedingly worn, and it is impossible to tell what they 
represent, or whether they are male or female. The larger 
of the two wears a long robe, and the head rests on a cushion, 
on each side of which there are traces of supporting angels. 
The other is broken below the knees. They are probably 
some of the de Braose effigies which were in the south aisle 
of the old church before it was pulled down in 1777. Rudder 



Monumental Effigies. 



105 



and Atkyns both mention a cross-legged effigy of William 
de Braose in the south aisle, which in the former's time was 
wretchedly defaced and broken to pieces; and of which there 
is now no trace to be found. I am told that it is not an 
uncommon occurrence in Tetbury to find portions of old 
tombstones built into the walls of houses, which may account 
for various effigies mentioned by Atkyns being now lost 

WOODCHESTER. ST. MARY. 
I. 

1. (i) Knight in armour. (2) Lady. 

2. Two effigies on a tomb. 

3. Stone. 

4. Life-size. 

5. (i) The effigy is in armour plate — with the exception' 
of the head and hands — and a tunic of chain mail showing 
below the upper one of the plates. The armour on the legs 
and arms is fastened on the outside by small rivets. The feet 
are encased in overlapping plates, and there are spur straps. 
A belt buckling in front has two more buckles at the right 
side, from which the sword hangs. There are small ruffs at 
neck and wrists. The hair is close cropped, and a round 
beard is worn. 

(2) The lady lies on a two-inch slab. She wears a tight- 
fitting bodice with high collar and epaulettes, under which 
are pleated sleeves ending in a ruff at the wrist. Full 
pleated skirt, opening over another corded at the hem. 
Round the waist a girdle tied in front with one bow and twa 
ends. The hair is brushed off the forehead and confined in 
a cap of the style of Mary Stuart, but with a piece folding 
from the back to the front. Both these effigies have the 
hands clasped in the attitude of prayer. 

6. (i) Helm. (2) Two rectangular cushions with tassels. 

7. (i) Dog. (2) Nothing; and she has no feet. 

8. An altar-tomb. On the north side are six sons and 



io6 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



on the west three daughters in the costume of the period, all 
kneeling on cushions. 

9. There is no inscription ; but Atkyns and Rudder both 
say that the tomb is that of Sir George Huntley and wife ; 
and in the old church the tomb was surmounted by a canopy 
on which were the Huntley arms with quarterings. 

11. Tips of noses and fingers gone. 

12. This tomb is now against the east and south walls 
of the baptistry. In the old church it was in the chancel. 
The present church was consecrated in 1866. 

13. Rudder, p. 843 ; Atkyns, p. 446. 

14. Very fair condition ; but the canopy with which it 
was covered in the old church is gone. 

15. The manor of Woodchester was granted to Sir 
George Huntley in 6 Elizabeth. 

H. 

1. Cadaver. 

2. Bust. 

3. White marble. 

4. Diminutive. 

5. The cadaver is slightly draped. 

8. Mural slab, obelisk shaped at the top, on which is the 
bust, and above the arms, supported by two cherubs : — 
"Baron and femme, (i) gules, three martlets between two 
chevronels argent," for Peach, 1719 ; (2) Azure, a bend 
embattled between two unicorn's heads erased or," for 
Pearse. Rudder says that there was a coat of arms below, 
viz. (i) Peach, 1780, as before, impaling (2) "Argent on a 
fess azure, three cross crosslets or," — omitted in Rudder, but 
Bigland adds, " In base three ermine spots," Paul, 1765. 
But this has not been brought to the present church. 
9. Rudder, p. 843. 

12. North wall of nave. Formerly in the chancel of the 
old church. 

13. Rudder, p. 843. 

14. Very good condition. * 



RURAL DEANERY OF STOW. 



PARISH OF BROADWELL. 

Church dedicated to St. Paul. 

Visited by E. J. B. WITTS, Upper Slaughter, 
September 24th, 1901, 

1. Civilian with lady and child. 

2. Effigy. The three figures are kneeling, the man and 
woman facing one another, the child kneeHng between them 
facing the man. 

3. Marble. 

4. Small, but not diminutive. 

5. Man. Bareheaded with a moustache. He wears a 
long gown, fastened at the throat but open in front, showing 
an under garment. He seems to have an ornamental belt, 
but the monument is too high up to see distinctly what it is. 
The sleeves are long with a frilled cuff turned back. A deep 
collar and a long full cloak with no sleeves. Trunk hose. 
The arms are raised in prayer, but the hands are gone. 

Woman. Hair in thick curls on either side of face ; a long 
hood, flat on the head and falling full behind. A straight, 
tight-fitting bodice, with a flap in front going below the 
waist ; a turned-down collar with a collar of lace over it ; 
long sleeves with a frilled cufl" turned back. Hands raised 
in prayer. 

Child. Bareheaded. A tight-fitting bodice like the 
woman, except that it has flaps below the waist all round 
instead of only in front ; long sleeves with a frilled cuff turned 
back ; a little epaulet on the shoulders. A collar of lace like 
the woman. A thick sash round the waist, fastened at the 
back in an enormous rosette. A full skirt. 

7. Kneeling on square cushions with tassels at the 
corners. 



107 



io8 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



8. A high tomb of black and white marble, a black 
pillar on either side of figures. 

9. There is an inscription on a brass plate above the 
tomb, but it is too high up to read (refer to Bigland, p. 248). 
On two black marble panels beneath the figures is the 
following :— 

E terra v:lem resoluto corpore terram 

Sanctam expecto Dei perpentientis opem 

Expecto et vutidum redivivae carnis amictu 

et tandem excelsi regna beata poli. 

Not that thou need'st a monument or stone 

to put the world in mind that thou art gone. 

Is this rais'd heere posteritie shall see 

Thy name live, for thy hospitalitie 

Thy wife & child heere wth theire teare dewed eies 

Attend as mourners att thy obsequies 

in steede of Anthemes chaunted thou hast pray'rs 

of poore wch vvth theire votes doe fill ye ayre 

An anniversarie cann but needlesse bee 

When rich & poore daielie remember thee. 

10. Remains of red painting on man's face and tassels 
of cushions. 

12. High up on south wall of aisle. It was removed 
from the chancel about ten years ago. 

PARISH OF GREAT RISINGTON. 
Visited by E. J. B. WITTS, September 25th, 1901. 

1. Civilian and lady. 

2. The figures are kneeling, and are in high relief. 

3. Stone. 

4. Diminutive. 

5. Man. Bareheaded, with beard and a ruff round his 
neck. Pointed doublet, coming just below his waist, padded 
and buttoned down the front, and a band round the waist. 
Long sleeves, full, and turned-down cuff at wrist ; enormous 
stuffed trunk hose, gathered in below knee, with a ribbon 
bow tied at the side ; stockings with clocks showing on the 
leg ; shoes with large tongue and buckled over instep. K 
short, full cloak hangs from the shoulders, having a little 



Monumental Effigies. 



square collar at the back; the edge of the cloak is turned 
back all round. He is kneeling at a carved desk or bracket, 
upon which is an open book with ribbpn fastenings. His 
hands are raised in prayer. 

Woman. A hood low on the forehead, but turned back at 
the sides, showing a narrow band and hair beneath, falling 
very full on to the shoulders. A thick ruff and tight-fitting 
bodice, with band round the waist. Very full skirt. The 
bodice and skirt are fastened down the front with knots of 
ribbon. Long, full sleeves, with a little frill at the wrist, 
and then a turned-back frilled cuff. Over all is a long cloak 
with a cape, without sleeves, but an edging or frill over the 
shoulders. 

7. Kneeling on cushions with embroidered edges and 
tassels at the corners. 

8. An upright stone supported by two heads, a man's 
and a woman's. An angel with outspread wings hovers 
over the figures. On the upper part of the monument is 
a blank shield and the letters " I. B." one on either side. 

g. Inscription on a slab underneath figures : " iohn 
BARNARDE. gcut. died the 24 day of June 162 1 over whom 
lOANE His wife put this monument. 

" She also giveth xx poundes a stock for the pore here 
forever." {See Bigland's Cont., part iii.) 

12. High on east wall of south transept. 

PARISH OF ICOMB. 

Church dedicated to St. Mary. 

1. Knight in armour. 

2. Recumbent effigy. 

3. Stone. 

4. Life-size. 

5. See Transactions^ vol. vii., p. ig. 

6. Helmet with crest and cloak over it with tassels. 

7. Greyhound in collar with trefoil clasp. 

8. Altar-tomb with pointed canopy. For description 
see Transactions^ vol. vii., p. ig. 



iio Transactions for the Year 1905. 



11. Only one spur and no sword. 

12. In south wall of transept. 

13. Supposed to be Sir John Blackett, died 1481. 

PARISH OF ODDINGTON. 
Visited by E. J. B. WITTS, October ist, 1901. 

1. Lady. 

2. Recumbent effigy. 

3. Stone. 

4. Life-size, 5 ft. 6 in. from head to foot. 

5. A great deal of hair, like a fringe, in front, with a 
square-shaped hood falling from the back of her head to the 
shoulders. A low square-cut bodice, long and close-fitting, 
with folds coming over the shoulder, and pleated at the waist 
into a point, three pleats on either side. On the shoulders 
are short square reveres of velvet (?), and the front edge of 
the bodice is trimmed with lace. Long tight-fitting sleeves 
with a broad ribbon or strap hanging over each arm. The 
lady is extremely lorig-waisted, and wears a full skirt with a 
frill 4^ in. deep round the bottom edge, and a short apron 
16 in. long with a 2 in. frill, the same as at the botton of the 
skirt ; it is fastened by a string round the waist. Her feet 
are resting on her petticoats and she wears shoes with heels 
and pointed toes. 

6. Square stuffed cushion with tassels at the corners. 

8. Altar-tomb with three panels on either side and one 
at each end. In the centre, one on either side, is a thistle, 
and in the other four another plant. [See illustration.) 

9. There is an inscription on the end panel at the head, 
but it is too defaced to read. {See Bigland's Cont,^ i. 293.) 

11. The figure is much defaced, the greater part of the 
face and hands and wrists are missing. It is broken in two 
at the waist, but has been joined with iron stays. The panels 
on one side of the tomb are rapidly disappearing, the stone 
falling away. 

12. In the churchyard at the east end of the church. 



THE ANCIENT TOLZEY AND PIE POUDRE 
COURTS OF BRISTOL. 

By SANFORD D. COLE 

The Tolzey Court of Bristol is an ancient institution which 
has escaped the fate of most of the old local courts that 
once formed an important part of our national system of 
administering justice. Tt belongs to the class of borough 
courts which flourished during the Middle Ages. Most of 
these have sunk into almost complete disuse and oblivion^ 
but the Tolzey Court has survived, and its continuance as an 
active tribunal has preserved some interesting old forms and 
features. 

In Bristol itself there have existed, besides the Tolzey, 
a number of courts exercising local jurisdictions of various 
kinds, but they have disappeared, with the exception of a 
Court of Pie Poudre, which maintains a nominal existence 
through having become amalgamated with the Tolzey Court. 
From its nature and jurisdiction the Court of Pie Poudre 
would originally be distinct and separate from the Tolzey 
Court, but the two became amalgamated at some period 
more or less remote, and they are now practically one 
institution. They have been so closely connected with each 
other, that in speaking of either it is necessary for the sake 
of completeness to deal with the other also. 

A Court of Pie Poudre, it may be explained, was a temporary 
court set up during the holding of a fair or market for the 
settlement on the spot of any disputes which might arise, and 
such a court was incident to every fair which was held. The 
name is variously spelt, and several different explanations of 
its meaning have been given. A number of opinions on the 
origin and meaning of the name Piepowder by different 
writers are referred to by Professor Henry Morley in his 



III 



112 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Memoirs of Bartholomew Fair. He suggests that the name is 
■corrupted from the French for dusty feet," and that the 
Piepowders were the travelling traders, the settlement of 
whose disputes was the primary purpose of a Piepowder 
Court. In support of this he points out that though the 
plural ending of the name was dropped in later times, it was 
formerly known as the Court of Piepowders, and also that in 
the old Scotch borough laws a travelling trader was "called 
pied poudreux, or destitute." This explanation seems more 
likely to be correct than the rather fantastic reason for the 
name of the court sometimes given, that justice was done as 
speedily as dust can fall from the traveller's foot. 

It is not altogether clear with what particular fair the Pie 
Poudre Court which has come down to us was formerly 
.associated. In the days of the great fairs the holding of one 
of these gatherings reduced everything else in the neighbour- 
hood to a state of suspended animation because everyone 
was at the fair, and it appears to have been the practice in 
some boroughs that the ordinary borough court should be 
temporarily discontinued during the holding of a fair in the 
neighbourhood, and that its place should be taken during 
fair-time by a court held at the fair. There is evidence that 
during a period of fourteen days, commencing on the last day 
of September, the Tolzey Court was discontmued, or rather 
it seems to have been transferred with altered functions for 
the time being, to the open street in Old Market. Up to the 
present time writs issued from the Tolzey Court Office during 
this period have the words "held in the Old Market there" 
added to the ordinary title of the Tolzey Court, and the 
proclamation of the opening of the court in Old Market is 
still regularly made. 

The formality of opening the old court of the fair may be 
witnessed m Old Market at ten o'clock in the morning on the 
last day of September in every year. The brief ceremony is 
so quickly over that it is scarcely noticed by most of the 
passers-by. Nevertheless it is of great historic interest. 
It is a link that momentarily recalls the life and daily doings 




THE STAG AND HOUNDS, 

OLD MARKET STREET, BRISTOL. 
1905. 

The site of the Ancient "Pie Poudre" Court. * 
From a Drawing by F. A. W. T. Armstrong, B.B.A. 



The Ancient Courts of Bristol. 113 

of bygone mediaeval times. Nowadays the number of quaint 
ceremonies whose performance can be traced back into the 
dim and remote past is becoming smaller and smaller, and 
it is worth attempting to appreciate the significance of those 
that survive. The annual incident in Old Market has lost 
its former elaborateness, but its essentials are preserved. On 
the pavement beneath the overhanging upper storeys of the 
old "Stag and Hounds" there stands at the appointed hour 
the serjeant-at-mace of the Bristol Tolzey Court proclaiming 
the holding of a Court of Pie Poudre.^ The officer makes 
proclamation in the following terms : " All manner of persons 
having anything to do at this Court of the Tolzey for the 
City and County of Bristol held and kept here this day in 
the Old Market, draw near and give your attendance." After 
a moment's interval this is followed by an announcement 
that the court is adjourned, made in these words: "All 
manner of persons who have anything further to do at this 
Court of the Tolzey for the City and County of Bristol, held 
and kept here this day in the Old Market, may now depart 
hence and give their attendance at the Tolzey Court Office 
forthwith. God save the King, the Judge of this Court, and 
his Deputy." Heads are uncovered during the ceremony, 
but the serjeant-at-mace wears no special dress, and after 
performing his annual duty he walks quietly away. There 
is a wealth of meaning and of memory in this fragment of a 
historic ceremony. The tribunal declared open is none other 
than the justice seat before which our forefathers, gathered 
together in one of the periodical fairs wherein all their simple 
trading was done, came to settle the disputes arising out of 
their bargaining. For the origin of fairs and markets we 
must search long previous to the period when population 
began to concentrate in towns and cities. In every temporary 
gathering for the purpose of trade a temporary court to 
settle disputes before the wayfaring traders departed was 

1 The illustration of the "Stag and Hounds" is reproduced from a 
drawing specially executed by our member, Mr. Armstrong, who has 
generously presented the original to the Society for its Bristol room. 

9 

Vol. XXVIII. 



114 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



a necessity, and its antiquity equals that of the fairs and 
markets themselves. Such a court, ''from the earliest times 
of which there is record, has been known in England as the 
Court of Piepowder." It is a court of this description, a 
court similar to those that existed in the earliest periods of 
our island history, and whose lineage may be traced even 
farther back to the market courts of the Normans and the 
Romans, which is annually opened in Bristol on the last day 
of September. 

The surviving observances in connection with the Pie 
Poudre Court, though interesting in themselves, do not 
throw any light on the past history of the court, or assist in 
determining with what particular fair it was associated. Inves- 
tigation of this point introduces the question of the origin of 
the Tolzey Court itself. That origin is traditionally ascribed 
to Saxon times ; but, according to Mr. John Latimer, the 
Tolzey Court "is supposed to have been at first held before 
the royal bailiffs of the Hundred of Barton Regis, of which 
Bristol formed a part when Domesday Book was compiled." 
If the Tolzey Court developed out o^ the Hundred Court of 
Barton Regis, the Old Market may have been the place 
where it was originally held, and its transference to the 
Old Market for a fortnight during every year may have had 
relation to that fact rather than to the holding of a fair in 
Old Market at that season, though during the fortnight 
in question the Tolzey Court certainly appears to have 
exercised the jurisdiction of a Court of Pie Poudre. 

There is no reason to suppose that the court held in 
Old Market was connected with the great St. James's Fair, 
which was indeed held at first in Whitsun week from the 
time of Earl Robert. The time of that fair was altered 
in the eighteenth century from July to September, but its 
date never corresponded with the time of holding the Pie 
Poudre Court in Old Market. It appears from the Chartulary 
of St. Augustine, which is preserved at Berkeley Castle, 
that the fair of Bristol was held about Michaelmas in the 
year 1224. The Mayor's Calendar, written by Robert Ricart 



The Ancient Courts of Bristol. 115 

(town clerk from 1479 to about 1508), mentions that on the 
day after Michaelmas Day it was customary for the new 
mayor and others to go to the Guildhall and take their 
oaths, "And thereupon forthwith one of the bailiffs, by the 
maires commandement, to go to ke^p the markett court." ^ 
On May 24th, 1550, Edward VI. granted a September fair, 
but it does not appear where it was held. The charter 
which the city obtained from Charles II. on June 2nd, 1684, 
contained a grant of eight fairs or markets to be held on 
days and at places which were named, and the charter 
expressly granted Courts of Pie Poudre to be held at the 
time of the several fairs or markets. A later charter, 
granted by Queen Anne on July 24th. 1710, authorised the 
Common Council of the City to change the times and places 
of all or any of the markets held within the city. There 
was no mention of the Old Market in the charter of 
Charles II., and none of the fairs or markets granted by him 
would have any connection with the Old Market, unless 
removed thither under the powers given by Queen Anne. 

The links which might show the bearing of these facts 
on the question of the origin of the Pie Poudre jurisdiction 
exercised in Old Market are lacking, and the point must 
be left in doubt. 

The references in the early charters of Bristol to its 
Hundred Court " support the idea that the place was not 
at first a " borough," and was served by the court of the 
hundred in which it was situated (namely Barton Regis) 
instead of by a borough court. At the end of the reign of 
King John, however, the town had a mayor, and in the time 
of Edward III. two local courts had become well established. 
The charter granted by that monarch in 1373 referred to 
the Mayor's Court and the ''Court of the Tolzey," and 
defined their respective jurisdictions. This is the earliest 
mention of this distinctive name in connection with Bristol. 
Tolzey is an old name for a place where tolls, which played 
a very important part in early trading, were collected. It 
1 Ricavfs Kalendar, Lucy Toulmin Smith, 75. 



ii6 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



appears that for many years a contest for jurisdiction was 
carried on between the Mayor's Court and the Tolzey Court. 
We must remember that the right to hold a court was at one 
time a privilege with some profit attached to it, and it was 
to the interest of a court to secure all the business it could. 
During the Middle Ages the courts in the various boroughs 
w^ere commonly under municipal control, and in order that 
the profits to be derived from holding them might not be lost 
towns strove to keep business in their own tribunals by 
passing ordinances imposing severe penalties on any who 
should bring actions elsewhere when they might have 
brought them locally. This policy was pursued in Bristol, 
in common with other places. There were, however, as we 
have seen, different tribunals within the town competing 
against each other for business. In addition to the Mayor's 
Court and the Tolzey Court, there was also a Court of the 
Staple, but both it and the Mayor's Court became quite 
disused, and the Tolzey alone survived. 

In 1461 Edward IV. granted the town to the mayor and 
commonalty for ever, and the Tolzey Court then became 
annexed to the corporate jurisdiction. By the grant of 
Edward IV. to the corporation," wrote Mr. John Latimer, 
"all the profits of the town then belonging to the king 
(except the Castle and its precincts), including the pleas 
of the Tolzey Court — ' the King's Court in the Guild- 
hall,' — were conveyed to the community, and the bailiffs 
were recognised as permanent corporate officials. An 
entry in the Great Red Book (fol. 982) shows that 
the mayor and sheriff immediately took the court on 
themselves, jointly with the bailiffs. The charter of 
Henry VII. [December 17th, 1499] abolished the office of 
a single sheriff, and directed that the bailiffs of the town 
should be chosen, as before, by the corporation, and that on 
their being so chosen they should be ex officio sheriffs. The 
title of bailiff was thus dropped in general parlance ; but as 
the legal style of the Tolzey Court remained unaltered, the 
sheriffs were described as being ' as well bailiffs of the 



The Ancient Courts of Bristol. 117 

mayor and commonalty as sheriffs of the county of BristoL' 
Considerably before this time a legal ofBcer had been 
attached to the court as assessor, who for many generations 
had the title of Steward of the Sheriffs' Court, and practically 
tried all the cases brought before him, but he possessed no 
legal jurisdiction unless a sheriff was on the bench, and all 
the processes, with a trivial exception, were tested in the 
name of the sheriff. This system continued until 1836, when, 
under the provisions of the Municipal Corporations Act, the 
office of steward was absorbed in that of the recorder." 

There is nothing to show the situation of the original 
place for collecting tolls, from which the Tolzey Court is 
supposed to take its name. In mediaeval and later times the 
court appears (when not sitting in Old Market) to have been 
held at the Guildhall, rather than at the place known as the 
Tolzey. Certain items in the earliest corporate audit book 
(1532) show that the Tolzey was a room, but after 1550 a 
walk beneath a penthouse roof fixed against the wall of the 
new council house was the place known as the mayor's or 
civic Tolzey, and a merchant's Tolzey or exchange was built 
soon afterwards. Millerd's map of Bristol (1673) has two 
marginal views of the Tolzey, showing the " south prospect " 
along the wall of the Council House, and the " north 
prospect " in front of All Saints' Church in Corn Street, 
opposite the Council House. Roque's large plan of Bristol 
in 1742 shows "the Tolzey" in Corn Street, while "Pie 
Poudre Court " is marked in the position in Old Market 
where the annual proclamation is made to this day. 

The books in which the early records of the Tolzey 
Court were kept have nearly all disappeared. Among the 
manuscript fragments of an intended "Topographical History 
of Bristol," by the Rev. S, Seyer, preserved in the Bristol 
Public Library, is a note stating that " the Records as far 
back as 1438 a^e in the custody of the Undersheriff, at 
present Arthur Palmer, Esq.^ by whose permission I examined 
two of , the oldest volumes, thus entitled 'The oldest book 
extant of the, Tglz^y— Court Recorcis used up in the time of 



ii8 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Hugome Hungerford, Steward of the Court. Anno Dom. 
1438.' I have given some extracts from these books, from 
which it may be seen that Pleas of debt, of trespass, &c., 
were held before the Steward, and seem to have been 
speedily determined in a manner which must have been very 
advantageous to the litigants." 

It is not known what has become of the majority of 
the volumes to which Mr. Seyer refers, but one book, 
commencing in 1489, has fortunately been preserved, and 
is now in the possession of F. F. Fox, Esq., of Yate House, 
Yate, Gloucestershire. The late Mr. John Latimer pre- 
pared a manuscript index of the names contained in it, 
and also wrote some notes giving a good deal of 
information about the court which is not to be found 
elsewhere. These have already been quoted from, and a 
further extract may be made of Mr. Latimer's remarks as 
to this particular volume: "The records of the court were 
(he wrote) kept in two books, one of them — of which this 
is an example — containing an entry of the causes without 
any indication of the results, whilst the other, called 
the ' Issue Book,' registered the judgments. The present 
volume, which begins on ist of October, fifth of Henry VH. 
(1489), and ends somewhat confusedly in 1497, notifies the 
raising of some 1,500 actions, almost invariably relating to 
debts and trespasses, the amount claimed varying, with rare 
exceptions, from £10 down to 3s. 4d. The entries are of the 
briefest character and monotonously similar. 'A. B. by 
attorney against C. D. for trespass (or debt). Damages 
(say) 100 shillings.' To this the writer generally adds that 
pledges have been given by the plaintiff, but this appears to 
have been a mere form. . . . Besides the formal pledges 
for the plaintiff, the names of bailees for the defendant were 
commonly given, by which means he was protected from 
arrest until after the judgment of the court. In these cases 
the names were undoubtedly authentic. . . . The year of 
the court was the mayoralty year, October being the first 
month and September the twelfth. . . . The court 



The Ancient Courts of Bristol. 119 

generally sat thrice weekly — on Monday, Wednesday, and 
Friday — and occasionally on other days, but its proceedings 
were frequently suspended owing to the coming round of 
the feasts of saints and other solemnities of the church, 
including now and then a 'general^ procession,' the nature of 
which is not explained. It will be seen from .the above 
remarks that the register possesses no other interest than is 
to be derived from the names and avocations of the suitors 
and bailees. Judging from the number of cases, and bearing 
in mind the then limited population of the town, litigation 
must have been extraordinarily common amongst all classes." 

Besides this single fifteenth-century volume, the only old 
records of the Tolzey Court known to be preserved are ten 
cause books, which are in the Bristol Public Library, 
covering (with some gaps) the years from 1700 to 1758. Not 
much information is to be gathered from the entries of cases, 
but at the end of the oldest of these books is written what is 
presumably the form of proclamation used at the annual 
opening of the court in Old Market during the early years of 
the eighteenth century. The wording is as follows: — 

"Make proclamation thrice saying Oyes Oyes Oyes. 

" All manner of persons that have anything to do at the 
Court of the Tolzey here holden in the Old Market before 
the as well sheriffs of the City of Bristol as bailiffs to the 
Mayor and commonalty of the same City draw near and 
give your attendance. 

" Make proclamation twice saying Oyes Oyes. 

" Essoigns & proffers Essoigns & proffers Essoigns & 
proffers of suit or plea of any person will be essoigned or 
enter any plaint let them come in and they shall be heard. 

" Make proclamation once saying Oyes. 

"All manner of persons that do owe any suit or service 
to this court answer to your names as your call'd on pain of 
the pain that shall fall on default thereof. 

"Tenants of the Bishop of Worcester come in & do your 
free suit & service. 

" And so of the rest of the suitors." 



I20 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



There are in the original some contractions and pecuH- 
arities of spelling which are not reproduced here. According 
to Jacob's Law Dictionary (1797) " Essoign " is an excuse for 
him that is summoned to appear and answer to an action 
or to perform suit to a court baron, &c., by reason of sickness 
and infirmity or other just cause of absence. "Proffer'^ 
signifies the offer and endeavour to proceed in an action. 

It appears from the entries in these eighteenth-century 
court books that at the period to which they relate the court 
was held in Old Market for fourteen clear days (commencing 
on the last day of September and not counting Sundays) at 
nine o'clock and again at three o'clock;^ but that the calling 
of the suitors at the opening was a farce is clear from an 
illuminating note, written after the names of the suitors^ 
stating that " Each of them made default but they were not 
amerced because they were not summoned." At the end of 
the fourteen days business was transferred to the Guildhall 
for the remainder of the year, but no time of day is 
mentioned except in connection with the Old Market. 
According to Claike's Practice and Pleading in the Tolzey Courts 
published in 1849, pleadings could not be filed in the Tolzey 
Court during the sitting of the Pie Poudre Court in Old 
Market. This rule, however, is not now operative. 

The following account of the ceremony of opening the 
court in Old Market in 1836 appeared in the issue of Felix 
Farley's Bristol Journal, published on October ist in that 
year : — 

" Pie Poudre Court. — According to annual custom, 
this ancient Court was opened yesterday in the Old Market, 
before Sir Charles Wetherell, Knt., to whose jurisdiction 
as Recorder, under the Municipal Corporations Act, all the 
Courts of Record in this City are transferred. This circum- 
stance caused a much larger attendance than usual, and 
many long-resident citizens witnessed for the first time in 

1 In Ricart's time the mayor and sheriff held their court at the Tolzey 
every common day (except the eves of Sundays and festivals) from eight 
to eleven and two till five. (Toulmin Smith, 84.) 



* 



The Ancient Courts of Bristol. 121. 



their lives the curious ceremony which has for many 
centuries accompanied this annual process. Arthur Palmer,. 
Esq., the venerable and respected Prothonotary, having, 
called upon the representatives of certain Ancients to come 
forth and 'do suit and service,' and none of them obeying, 
the summons, he asked the Recorder if it was his pleasure 
that they should be amerced, but the learned judge did not 
enforce the penalties. Toast and ale, toasted cheese and 
metheglin (no mean beverage when well made) were then 
liberally distributed, not only to the gentlemen at the table,, 
but to the outstanders, and many a hearty laugh was 
enjoyed at some of the unlucky wights being drenched on 
the outside by the contents of the tempting bowl, instead 
of comforting the inner man with the well-spiced ale. The 
Recorder returned to the Council-house in his carriage ;. 
the Prothonotary, preceded by the mace-bearers, went in 
procession on foot as usual. Hitherto it has been the 
custom for the Sheriff to preside on the day after being 
sworn into office, mais nous avons change tout cela.'" 

Mr. Latimer refers to the Old Market ceremony in his 
Annals of Bristol, and adds that "the yearly disturbance 
arising from the feast ultimately led to its suppression, and 
the holding of the court was discontmued after 1870." It 
is, however, as we have seen, still proclaimed open, though 
not in fact held. 

The Tolzey Court has power to try every kind of action 
to an unlimited amount, but, like all the courts of its kind, 
its jurisdiction has always been purely local, and exercised 
only within the boundaries of Bristol. Its procedure com- 
prises, however, a special process known as *' foreign 
attachment," by means of which the machinery of the 
court can sometimes be employed against persons who are 
in distant parts. Foreign attachment is a procedure by 
which a seizure is made of foreigner's goods or money found 
within the city for the satisfaction of a citizen to whom the 
foreigner is indebted. An ordinary Tolzey writ can only be 
served on a person within the city, and so the court can 



T22 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



afford no redress against persons outside the boundaries 
except by means of this special procedure of foreign attach- 
ment. The special custom giving a right to proceed by way 
of foreign attachment has prevailed only in London, Exeter 
and Bristol. 

In Bristol the form of the proceedings in foreign 
attachment has preserved the Anglo - Saxon practice of 
compurgation in actual use down to our own time. Before 
the establishment of trial by jury the procedure known as 
compurgation, derived from old Teutonic or Anglo-Saxon 
law, was employed as an alternative to the ordeal or wager 
of battle. A man purged himself from a charge made 
against him by getting others who were his compurgators 
or oath-helpers to swear with him that they believed him 
to be innocent. This method was used in both civil and 
criminal cases, and doubtless served its purpose in primitive 
times, but it gradually became obsolete, and in the Bristol 
Tolzey Court, where it has survived, it is a mere formality. 
In foreign attachment the point at which the Anglo-Saxon 
compurgators come in is after goods have been seized. 
According to the recognised practice, the plaintiff then files 
a declaration, and on a certain court day "the plaintiff's 
attorney proves the debt upon oath, and, according to the 
form of the court, two persons appear as pledges, and swear 
they believe he has spoken truly. He then moves for a 
judgment against such goods and a warrant of appraise- 
ment." The two men who are called pledges are the 
compurgators, and probably a couple of officers of the court 
who might happen to be present would perform the duty. 
I understand that though a few foreign attachments are still 
issued every year, it is now some years since one was carried 
through all its stages, because most are paid off as soon as a 
seizure is made. Probably the period when the procedure 
was really serviceable was in the early days of Bristol trade 
and shipping. A curious case is on record where a ship was 
seized when twenty miles from the town of Bristol. The 
ship was within the territorial limits of jurisdiction, because 



i 



The Ancient Courts of Bristol. 123 

a considerable portion of the Bristol Channel is within the 
boundaries of Bristol. The seizure was therefore quite 
regular, but the captain of the ship committed a gross 
contempt of court by sailing away to Jamaica with the 
legal official on board. On his return he had to answer for 
his contempt. In what way he did so does not appear, but 
the matter seems to have been compromised. 

Apart from its special features, the procedure of the 
Bristol Tolzey Court is practically the same as that of 
the High Court of Justice. Very few of the old local 
courts which exist in various towns have been able to 
secure from^ the central authorities the permission which' 
is necessary to enable them to introduce modern procedure 
in place of that which prevailed a century or more ago, 
and, hampered with cumbrous and old-fashioned procedure, 
they have necessarily become disused ; but modern rules 
of practice have been sanctioned for the Tolzey Court, and 
it is this circumstance which is largely responsible for its 
being still resorted to for recovering money and obtaining 
redress. 



SOME NOTES ON THE VISITATIONS OF 
GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 



By EDWARD CONDER. F.S.A. 

The importance of registration in English heraldry at an 
early date is manifest to us by the number of Rolls of Arms 
compiled during the reign of Henry III. 

From about 1235 to 1300 no less than sixteen MSS. are 
to be found at the British Museum, describing some hundreds 
of arms^ borne by the principal families of the kingdom 
during this period. 

Perhaps the earliest act for regulating their use is the 
proclamation of Henry V. immediately before the French 
campaign of 1417. It is there stated that no man should 
bear arms without proving by what ancestral right or by 
whose gift he bore them, and claims were to be submitted to 
officers appointed for that purpose: persons who had borne 
coat armour at Agincourt alone being excepted as a particular 
mark of favour. This proclamation was dated 2nd June, 

1417.2 

The dissolution of the monasteries under Henry VIII. 
is usually regarded as the principal reason for that systematic 
regulation of armory and the compiling of descents in 
pedigree form known to us as "The Heralds' Visitations." 
The genealogies of the landed and gentle classes had been 
previously carefully recorded for legal purposes connected 

1 For example: The Glover Roll, circa 1240, with 218 coats; the 
Planche Roll, with 696 coats ; the St. George Roll, with 677 coats ; and the 
Charles Roll, with 486 coats. 

MS. WI. 196, — College of Arms Library. London. Henry V.'s 
mandate to the Sheriff of Southampton, forbidding the improper assump- 
tion of arms in the county, except by those who had served at the Battle 
of Agincourt. A*^. 5, ej. ng. — Vide Sir C. G. Young's MS. Catalogue. 



i 



The Visitations of Gloucestershire. 125 



with ecclesiastical property, and such evidence had been 
■deposited with the charters and other documents, or registered, 
for safe keeping in the Religious Houses from very early 
days.^ 

There are, however, other causes to be considered before 
a definite account can be given, but the above argument is 
doubtless to a great extent true. 

In 1528 the first commission was issued to Thomas 
Benolte, Clarenceux King-of-Arms, to visit the Counties of 
Gloucester, Worcester, Oxford, Wilts, Berks and Stafford. 

To enter into all churches castells howses and other 
places at his discrecon to p'use and take knowledge survey 
and viewe of all -mann' of arms cognisaunces crests and 
other like devises with the notes of their descents pedegrees 
and marriages and the same to enter and recorde into a 
register or booke of arms . . . and further wee by these 

p'sents do geve and graunte full power and 

aucthorytie to reprove comptroU and make infamous by 
p'clamacon to be made at the assizes ... all mann' of 
p'son or p'sons that unlawefully and without just aucthorytie 
vocacon or due calling doo or have done or shall usurpte or 
take upon hym or them any tytle of honour or dignitie as 
esquier gentleman or other." ^ 

According to Noble's History of the College of Arms, Benolte 
delayed the Visitation of Gloucestershire until 1533. The 
county was "visited" next in 1560, agam in 1569, and for a 
third time under Elizabeth in 1583. In 1623 the county was 
included in a Visitation made by Camden, Clarenceux, and 
his deputies under a commission of James I. The last visit 
from the heralds was that of 1682-3, when the county was 

1 MS. L. 17. — College of Arms. Sussex. " Armed men as well Horse- 
men as Footmen in the Rape of Hastings, 13 Edw. III." Taken out of the 
ist Book of the Abbey of Battell, foHo 12, &c. MS. V. 6.— Boxgrave 
Priory, Sussex. Extracts from Register. MS. V. 6. — Lewis Priory, 
Sussex. Extracts from Register. MS. V. 431. — St. Edmundsbury Abbey, 
Suffolk. Extracts from Register. And others. — Vide Sir C. G. Young's 
MS. Catalogue. 

2 Extract taken from the commission to Flower, Norroy King-of-Arms, 
issued by Queen Elizabeth. 



126 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



taken by the deputies of Henry St. George, Clarenceux to 
Charles 11. 

Some years ago I obtained possession of certain MS. 
books, the property of the late Sir Charles George Young, 
Garter King-of-Arms, who died in 1869. From his private 
catalogue of MSS. preserved in the strong room at 
Heralds' College, London, I am now able to give a complete 
list of the Visitations and other genealogical MSS. relating to 
Gloucestershire deposited there by the heralds. 



FROM SIR C. G. YOUNG'S CATALOGUE, Vol. II., Folio 61. 
GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 

Press-mark (?) 

H. 20. Original Visitation by Thomas Benolt, Esq., 
Clarenceux. He set out from his house at 
Chiswick, Friday, 19th July, 1533. Bound up 
with his Berks, Oxford, Wilts, and Worcester. 

D. 12. Visitation by Robert Cooke, Clarenceux. With his 
Hereford and Worcester pedigrees. In tables 
and circles the arms painted. Gloucester begins 
folio 114, and concludes the book, 1569. 

No. 37. A fair copy of D. 12. 

G. 9. Another copy of 1569. 

No. 115. Vincent Cooke's Visitation, 1583. A fair copy. 

Begins page 29 and ends 49. With his Salop, 
Hereford, and Worcester. 

C. 17. Original Visitation in 1623 by Henry Chitting, 
Esq., Chester Herald, and John Philpott, Rouge- 
Dragon, deputies to William Camden, Esq., 
Clarenceux. 

No. 14, 15. A copy of above Visitation, 1623. 

No. 16. Some pedigrees of this Visitation, 1623, together 
with Wilts. 

K. 5. Original Visitation begun by Thomas May, Chester, 
1682, and George King, Rouge -Dragon Pur- 
suivant, in Trinity Vacation, 1682, and finished 
by Henry Dethick Richmond and the said 



The Visitations of Gloucestershire. 127 

Rouge-Dragon Pursuivant in Trinit}^ Vacation,. 

1683, by virtue of several deputations from Sir 

Henry St. George, Knt., Clarenceux.^ 
v., No. 184. Arms of Cooke's Visitation, with many others., 
v., No. 446. Perambulation of the !porest of Hay. 
No. 92. Vinct., fol. 36, 2nd index, Nomina Villarum for 

Gloucestershire, and at folio 32 Arms of 

Gloucestershire Gentry. 
Pb. 23. Pedigrees and Arms of Gloucestershire families. 
L. 8. Names and Arms of the Nobles and Gentry of 

Gloucestershire, 4 Henry VH. Folio 29. 
L. 17. Church Notes taken by Cooke at his Visitation,, 

1569, viz. Gloucester, Tewksbury, Bristol and 

Elmore. Folio 199. 
V. 6. Tewksbury Abbey. Chronicle of the Founders,. 

&c. Folio 379. 
R. 22. Ancient Arms in Thornbury Castle. Painted. 

Folios 77, 79, 96, 121. 
V. 431. Deeds concerning the Forest of Dene. Folio 7. 

Some original deeds relating to this county in 

the Heralds' College. 
The following note in the handwriting of Sir C. G. Young : 
"Gloucestershire Visitation of 1682. — Notes and Queries, 6th 
issue, vii., pp. 429, 437-8." 

Besides the College of Arms MSS., there are in the 
Harleian Collection at the British Museum and in some 
other libraries certain MS. copies of Visitation notes and 

1 A copy of a summons issued for Gloucestershire by Thomas May, 
"Chester," and Gregory King, "Rouge-Dragon," deputies and marshalls 
to Clarenceux in 1682, is given by Noble in his History of the College of 
Arms, Appendix xix. From it we gather that a list of all baronets, knights, 
esquires and gentlemen was sent to the Bailiff of the Hundred of Crow- 
thorne and Minety, requiring him to warn those named to personally 
attend at the Swan Inn, Cirencester, at nine of the clock in the morning 
of Wednesday, the i6th day of August, "and that they bring with them 
such arms and crests as they use and bear, with their pedigrees and 
descents, and such other evidence and matter of record and credit, as (if 
need require) may justify the same . . . and those persons who may not 
conveniently bring such their ancient evidences . . . but shall be desirous 
to have us come to their houses, upon signification of such their desires, 
. . . we, or one of us will repair unto them as soon as conveniently we 
may," &c. 



128 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



pedigrees taken by the heralds or their deputies, possibly 
their rough note books or draft pedigrees, from which their 
fair copies " for the College were made. 

In most cases, however, these copies are very rough 
when compared to those in the College. They contain very 
frequently much additional matter, with names added 
subsequent to the period with which they treat ; they are, 
however, not without their interest, and the additional notes 
.are sometimes of considerable importance. 

In the Harleian Library may be found the Visitation of 
^Gloucestershire in 1623, and certain pedigrees from those 
taken in 1569 and 1583. Harl. MS. 1041 includes the whole 
of 1623, and parts of the 1569 and 1583 Visitations. Harl. 
MS. 1543 has the Visitation of 1623 with pedigrees taken 
from both 1569 and 1583, but some pedigrees given in MS. 
1041 do not appear in MS. 1543 and vice versa. 

In the MS. 1041 the two portions relating to the Visitations 
.are entitled : " Arms and Pedigrees from the Visitation of the 
Countie of Gloucester, a.d. 1583, by Robert Cooke, Claren- 
ceulx, as it seems with many Continuations and Additions 
by John Saunders and others," and " The Visitation of the 
Countie of Gloucester as taken a.d. 1623, by Henry Chitty, 
Chester, and John Philpot, Rouge-Dragon, for Will. Camden, 
Clarenx: done by the hand of John Saunders." 

In the MS. 1543 the pedigrees are entitled : " The Visita- 
tion of the County of Gloster made by Robert Cooke alias 
•Clarenceulx King-of-Arms in anno 1583, continued and 
enlarged with the Visitation of the same county, made by 
Henry Chitty, Chester, and John Phillipott, Somerset^, 
Heralds: Deputyes to William Camden, Clarenceux, in anno 
1623, with many other descents, transcript per R. Mundy." 
Additional notes and enlargements were made to the 
pedigrees by Mr. Munday, Mr. Latton, Mr. Dale and others. 

In Sir C. G. Young's MS. Catalogue he notes Harl. MS. 
2230 as containing an iniperfect copy of the Visitation of 
1569. 

6 Philpot was created " Somerset Herald " July 8th, 1624. 



The Visitations of Gloucestershire. 



129 



In 1885 the Harleian Society^ published "The Visitation 
of Gloucester taken in the year 1623, with certain pedigrees 
from the Visitations of 1569 and 1582-3." This volume was 
-edited by the late Sir John Maclean, Bart., F.S.A., and 
Mr. W. C. Heane. It contains ^11 the pedigrees found in 
Harl. MSS. 1041 and 1543. 

Among the MSS. in the library of the late Sir Thomas 
Phillipps, Bart., were copies of the Gloucestershire Visitations 
of 1569 and 1682. A portion of the former was privately 
printed (p.p. 1-12) in 1854. 

In 1884 the whole of the latter was issued, also privately 
printed, under the direction of Messrs. Metcalf and Fenwick, 
a portion having been previously printed in 1854-5. 

In Sims's Manual for the Genealogist^ a MS. Visitation, 
without date, is noted as being then in the library of Caius 
•College, Cambridge, MS. 553, Art. 6. This MS. has been 
►overlooked b}^ most writers, but by the kindness of the 
Librarian, J. S. Reid, Esq., I am able to give the following 
particulars. Mr. Reid says : " There is no date mentioned 
in MS. 553, Art. 6, for the Visitation of Gloucestershire. At 
the head of it is a statement that ' Hen. VIII. did grant 
to Thomas West Lord Laware^ the right to hold a market 
every Monday on his manner of Warrewike in the County 
of Gloucester, and two fairs at our Ladydaye Assumtion, at 
this present tyme is maior of the said toune of Warrewike 
Robert Dorney John Ford Constable and Thomas Holder 
Sergeaunt.' The charter is stated to have been confirmed 
by Henry VIII. vicesimo quarto of his reyn." 

The pedigrees given m this MS. Visitation are in the 
following order : — 

Holt, Cotton, Ffurneulx, Bassett. Dewhurst, Berewe (?), 
Wallrond. Veel, Hetipart (ffettiplace ?), Matthews. Burke, 

^ Harleian Society, vol. xxi., London, 1885. 2 London, mdccclvi. 

2 Thomas West, Lord La Warr, lord of the Manor of Wickwar, 
obtained from Henry VIII. the privileges of a weekly market and two 
annual fairs in the 24th year of his reign. And I have seen an Inspeximus and 
•confirmation of the last mentioned grants, dated July 4th, in the fourth 
year of the reign of King Charles the First. — F?^^^ Rudder's History of 
Gloucestershire, pp. 818-19. 

10 

Vol. XXVIII. 



130 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Poleyn, Hall, Burges. Berkeley, Madock, Strange, Poulett. 
Sandford, Barnard, Thorne, Hare. Bartlett, Halton, Viele, 
Oastwell, Huntley, Langley, Agilliams (Williams ?). Burke> 
Osbaldeston, Sparling, Roberts. Joynson, Brydgeman, Pep- 
wall, Waiwaen (Walwen ?), Reynolde. Okewolde, Gyse, 
Sheldon, Brayday, Snow, ffowke, Whitington. Stratford,. 
Baynham, Wise, Kynne, Myle. Godwige, Daunte, Bageholt. 
Bradston, Stratford, Barnard, Grevell. Burke, Kyngescote,. 
Hooke, Madocke. Lloyde, Brayne, Walson, Compton. 
Bromwich, Baynham, Retylby, Abington, Scroop, Vaughan. 

There is little doubt but that we have here a copy of the 
Visitation of the county taken by Benolte in 1533. 

This MS. has not been compared with MS. H. 20 in the 
College of Arms so far as I know, neither has it been printed. 
It is, I believe, the only " copy" of this Visitation outside the 
walls of the College. 



THE BISHOP OF GLOUCESTER. 

The late lamented prelate was in a very real sense the author 
of the being of our Society, for at the inaugural meeting, held 
now thirty years ago, he proposed the first resolution which called 
us into existence, and afterwards on the departure of the Lord 
Lieutenant he took the chair. On the formation of the Society 
he also accepted the position of patron, but he did not afterwards 
become a member of the Society or take any active interest in 
its work. He was,, however, known to most of us as a cautious 
and hardworking bishop of the united Sees of Gloucester and 
Bristol, while there were few indeed who had not heard of his 
work in connection with the Revised Version of the New Testa- 
ment, and very many English-speaking people throughout the 
world have felt thankful for the help which the version has 
brought to them. . His work as first Secretary of the Lambeth 
Conferences, though it is less widely known, was hardly less 
valuable. Though he could scarcely be called a man of wide 
or varied intellectual interests, he was an excellent Greek gram- 
marian, and was well read in modern theological philosophy ; his 
position as a clear and acute thinker was marked by his member- 
ship of the " Metaphysical Society," a select company of the 
ablest men of the day, who met periodically between 1869 and 
1880 for the discussion of deep questions of life and morals. It 
was unfortunate that the bishop could not find time to take part 
in our work ; he would have been a most helpful member of our 
Society, for his quickness in laying hold on the true point of a 
subject, and his quiet dexterity in framing questions which pierced 
to the root of a matter, would have been invaluable as a training 
in habits of accuracy in thought and clearness of expression. 

Dr. EUicott, who was born in 1819, after holding Divinity 
Professorships at Cambridge and King's College, London, became 
Dean of Exeter in 1861, and was consecrated to the Sees of 
Gloucester and Bristol on Lady Day, 1863. He served the 
double diocese for thirty-four years, and finally, after resigning 
the See of Gloucester at Candlemas, 1905, he died on October 
2oth in that year. 



LIFE AND LETTERS OF MANDELL CREIGHTON. By His 
Wife. London : Longmans, Green & Co. 1904. 

It may be said at once that, except for the period of her husband's 
residence in Merton College, Mrs. Creighton has done her work thoroughly 
well, and has given a portrait which those who knew him will recognise 
as faithful, and will value accordingly. In some respects there was a 
considerable similarity between the early years of the two great historian 
bishops, Stubbs and Creighton; both were born in a small northern town, 
and educated at a cathedral school, and neither had any real scope for 
his ability till he reached Oxford. Creighton was born at Carlisle, and 
•educated first at the cathedral school in that city, and then in the similar 
school at Durham. There can be little doubt that it was at Durham, 
under the spell of the noblest of English cathedrals, that he became 
inspired with the Ftrong spirit of churchmanship which lasted through 
his college life. It does not appear, however, that in these early days 
he showed any marked taste for history, or any signs of special ability 
with regard to the subject; it would seem, indeed, that it was the 
apparently accidental circumstance that there was no history tutor at 
Merton at the time of his election to his Fellowship which turned his 
attention definitely to history. On leavmg Durham and failing to obtain 
a Scholarship at Balliol, he was elected to a Postmastership at Merton, 
and as he was elected to a Fellowship at the same college immediately 
after passing through the schools, Merton was his home during the 
whole ten years of his college life. There can be little doubt that 
Merton, as it then was, had much to do with the formation of the 
character of the future Bishop, and it is a pity that Mrs. Creighton 
has made the same mistake which was made by so many who wrote 
about Lord Randolph Churchill, and has spoken of the college as 
"rowdy." In truth it was a college which in all respects, except 
honours in the classical schools, could well hold its own among its 
larger neighbours. 

Among the Fellows in residence during the first five years of Creighton's 
Fellowship were Mr. Caird, now Master of Balliol, Mr. Rhys, afterwards 
Professor of Celtic and President of Jesus, the Rev. R. L. Wilson, late 
Warden of Keble, Mr. Esson, now Savilian Professor of Geometry, Air. 



i 



Notices of Publications. 



133 



Wallace, afterwards Professor of Moral Philosophy, Mr. Knox, now Bishop 
of Manchester, Mr. W. C. Sidgwick, and Mr. Andrew Lang. A sufficiently 
brilliant company ; even if we take it that Creighton shone velut inter 
ignes Luna minores, there were other lights, and they also shone. Yet 
brilliant as these classical Fellows were, they did not excel as teachers ; 
after 1865, Merton name appeared in the First Class of Litercs 
Htimaniores till 1878. Men who read for other schools fared better. 

There was no lack of ability among the undergraduates. Only sixty 
men were in residence, yet among them were found in 1867 Lord Randolph 
Churchill and the present Governor-General of the Commonwealth of 
Australia, the Metropolitan of Calcutta and th-e Bishop of Carlisle, 
Professor Saintsbury of Edinburgh and the late Mr. Grant Allen. It is 
very unfortunate that the college is more than once spoken of as " rowdy." 
There could be no less appropriate term ; there was a good deal of harmless 
fun which sometimes- became noisy, but nothing more. To connect 
"rowdyism" in 1871 with a bonfire in 1865 is an absurdity; one who 
resided from i865 to 1872 never even heard of this bonfire so far as he can 
remember. An excellent note of the tone of the college was given in the 
Oxford Spectator of May 5th, 1868: "Next, as was said, come the Merton 
men. These are not of one sort ; but some hunt, and some boat, and some 
play cricket, and some read. Others again do none of these things, while 
a few have been known to do more than one, as when a boating man has 
been seen playing cricket, or a reading man has rowed. This people also 
is in some degree magnificent in its dress, and rivals the housemen. Here 
also are lectures for which you pay three guineas." It is likely thkt 
Creighton acquired much of that alert adaptability which distinguished 
him throughout his career from the full measure of liberty and the mani- 
fold activities of Merton life. 

There is one point which must be made quite clear. The sincerity of 
Creighton's religious professions has been doubted, most unjustly in the 
opinion of the present writer. His brilliant tongue-fence was a mask, 
sometimes perhaps unwisely assumed, but he was not insincere. 

In the early days of his Fellowship Creighton had a difficult position 
to fill, and he was not altogether successful as a disciplinarian; men 
resented his tongue, and he was regarded as uncertain. It is certainly 
very unfortunate that the extracts given on page 57 are reproduced ; they 
will revive unpleasant memories, and if the writer of the book had known 
all the facts of the case it is not likely that they would have been put into 
print. 

No account of Merton in Creighton's day would be complete without 
a mention of old Warden Bullock-Mar sham. The book does him scant 
justice. He was a perfect model of a courteous old English gentleman, 
who was most regular in his attendance at the chapel services. The 



134 



Trai^sactions for the Year 1905. 



religious influence of iMerton lost nothing by the fact that the Head of 
the College was the only Lay Head in Oxford, and the general tone of 
the college gained very much from the fact that the old Warden was what 
he was. It has been necessary to set out all this at length, because 
Merton was the only Oxford college to which Creighton belonged, and 
it is a matter of importance that the wrong impression which the book 
undoubtedly gives should be corrected. 

In 1875 Creighton became Vicar of Embleton, on the sea-coast of 
Northumberland, and the change of life was probably from all points 
both wise and good. It is likely that he had got from Oxford all that 
it could give him, and that longer residence there would have cramped 
him rather than been any further help. He had time for thought and 
study at Embleton, and yet there were families in the neighbourhood 
intercourse with whom prevented anything like stagnation, while the 
actual experience of parochial life was of inestimable value to him in his 
future work as Bishop. The prelate who passes at once from his study 
to his see is not commonly the most broad-minded or helpful of bishops. 
In some ways the ten years at Embleton were the fallow period of his 
life ; he was too actively brilliant a man to produce much really solid work 
under the stress of Oxford life, and these ten years marked the beginning 
of his productiveness. The call to Cambridge again, as Professor of 
Ecclesiastical History, in 1884 came at the right time. When in that 
year Dr. Stubbs became Bishop of Chester, Creighton would have liked 
to succeed him either at Oxford or St. Paul's, the latter by choice ; but 
neither door was open, and the offer from Cambridge came unexpectedly. 
It was accepted because he felt that he was beginning to lead a double 
life ; by choice he was a student of history, but he was being drawn by 
circumstances which he could not control into the wearisome system of 
ecclesiastical administration. And no one can doubt that the five or six 
years spent at Cambridge and as Canon of Worcester were of more 
value to himself, to the science of history, and to the Church than they 
would have been if he had remained at Embleton. And so it was that 
when, at the age of forty-seven, he was consecrated to the See of 
Peterborough in 1890 he was as fully equipped, so far as varied and 
helpful experience could enable him, as any man could be for the great 
work which lay before him. 

As Bishop he was what he had been at Merton, compelling admiration 
by his extraordinary brilliancy both in deeds and words, trusting much 

the power of words, and yet perhaps not so fully trusted as one 
possessing the same keen and heartfelt a power of sympathy with less 
brilliant intellectual powers might have been trusted. He had difficulties 
in early days both at Merton and in London ; he was perhaps not entirely 
successful in dealing with them in either case, and it is likely that in 



Notices of Publications. 



135 



■each case the very brilliancy of his gifts stood in his way. Yet this may 
truly be said of him, that no man ever tried more earnestly both to feel 
with those among whom or over whom he was set or more loyally to 
serve them. His sun went down at high noon, and the Church of 
England is feeling his loss to-day ; but, it may be doubted whether 
those qualities which caught the eye and held the attention were quite 
the qualities which would have been most helpful in the high position 
for which he seemed to be so surely destined. 

We have to consider his work as a historian whose most earnest wish 
was that he might be known as one who tried to write true history. 
And probably the first thought which arises on looking over the 
bibliography at the end of the book is that ten years hence all will be 
forgotten except the five volumes of the History of the Papacy ; the 
articles and little books and reviews, useful and interesting and suggestive 
as they are, will pass. That, however, is not quite a fair judgment ; 
even if nothing had been done except the work connected with Epochs of 
History and other similar series it would have been much. It is a great 
thing that young people have within their reach manuals of sound history 
well adapted for their use. Yet he had accomplished practically as 
much as Dr. Stubbs had accomplished at the age of forty-seven ; the 
live volumes on the Papacy may well stand side by side with Councils 
■and Ecclesiastical Documents, Select Charters, and some of the Introductions 
to the Rolls Series. It is certainly strange that as Bishop Creighton's 
work stops just at the threshold of the English Reformation, so Bishop 
Stubbs was disappointed in his hope of writing the history of England in 
relation to the Church during the Tudor period, and the English 
Reformation is still the most misrepresented and the least understood 
period of our national history. 

But the book is very much more than the story of the work of an histo- 
rian or a bishop, it shows us the man as he was in a very real and living 
fashion. Archbishop Temple's estimate of him, " For sheer cleverness 
Creighton beats any man I know," was quite a true one, and his cleverness 
was at once his strength and his weakness — his strength, because it 
enabled him in a moment, as if by intuition, to see a thing in its true 
nature and proportion ; his weakness, because it prevented him from 
realising that other people could not reach the same position at a bound. 
It is clear from his manner of dealing with the ritualistic controversies in 
London that he did not even to the end of his life understand the British 
Philistine. We see him, however, as he was, a kind and firm parent, a 
strong and steadfast friend, a wise and sympathising ruler, one who did 
with his might whatever his hand found to do. There is an excellent 
index. 



136 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



THE CATHEDRAL BUILDERS IN ENGLAND. By Edward S. 
Prior. London : Seeley and Co. 1905. 

A cathedral church, for the purposes of this book, is one which was 
either designed to be a cathedral, or which has come to have a bishop's 
chair. But the line waves. We are told that, except in the crypt of 
Ripon and the excavated foundations at York and Peterborough, we 
have no stone in situ that can be accepted as definitely laid before the 
Conquest. Yet the crypt of Hexham formed part of a cathedral 
church for twice as long a period as that during which a bishop has 
had his seat in the sister church at Ripon. It might have been better 
also frankly to accept Beverley Minster — perhaps taken altogether the 
most beautiful of English churches — on the ground that it was a 
collegiate church of the Archbishop of York, as Westminster Abbey 
is included because it was for a few years the seat of a bishop. 

Mr. Prior places the summit of Gothic art between 1250 and lago. 
Before this he places three periods — 1066-1150, 1160-1207, 1207-1250 — 
with three other periods before the dissolution of the monasteries 
— 1290-1350, 1350-1410, 1410-1538. He considers that the time of the 
Interdict in the reign of King John, and the visitations of the Black 
Death in the fourteenth century, mark very definite points in the 
development of English architecture. Finally, there is a chapter on 
the English cathedrals in the three centuries following the Reformation, 
and one on the cathedral builders of the nineteenth century. 

The style of architecture in use for the first century after the Conquest 
Mr. Prior calls indifferently Norman, Benedictine or Romanesque — 
Norman in its origin, because though on a small scale it had long 
been used in England, the might and majesty which marked the 
English minsters raised at that time flowed directly from the Conquest 
by William the Norman ; Benedictine, because nearly all these great 
churches formed part of Benedictine houses, and as they set the 
model on which the larger English churches were for a long time 
constructed, the name marks a very real fact in the development of 
the form of English church-building; Romanesque, as marking the 
distinguishing character of its outward form. We still have at 
Gloucester the pillars between which St. Anselm was borne when 
he was elected archbishop, and the choirs and naves of Durham, 
Norwich and Peterborough were already standing in the days of the 
sons of the Conqueror. These great churches have no doubt been 
preserved to us by a fact peculiar to England, that bishop's thrones 
were placed in monastic churches ; or as it would be historically more 
correctly stated, that the old secular canons in some cathedral churches 
had been replaced by regulars. All the great secular cathedrals are 



Notices of Publications. 



137 



some generations later than these Norman minsters of the monks. 
And it was natural that this should be so ; the conventual body 
would be more conservative than a body of secular canons ; they 
might add ornament to their churches, as the Gloucester monks let 
down the lacework of tracery over the ^Norman pillars and walls of 
their choir, but they would be less likely to destroy. There was no 
opposition between the cathedral and the monastery, as there was in 
so many continental cities, or as there was to some extent between the 
archbishop's church at Canterbury and the monastery of St. Peter and 
St. Paul. Of the great Norman minster we may truly say sedet 
cBternumqiie sedehit, and on its model the great secular minsters also were 
planned. 

The reformed Orders protested against what they considered to be 
the looseness and pride of the Benedictines, not only by their rules of 
life, but also by the outward form of their architecture. Mr. Prior 
expresses a regret that no one of the great Cistercian Minsters of Our 
Lady, simple in plan and severe in construction — simplex munditiis — 
became a cathedral under Henry VIII. And it is certainly a loss that 
this most beautiful phase of English architecture can only be seen in 
ruin. We can only pass by Kirkstall, lying on the very edge of Leeds, 
and think of what might have been. An interesting passage traces the 
character of much of the Cistercian work in the abbeys of South Wales, 
Abbey Dore, Margam, Neath, and Strata Florida to the Benedictine 
Chapter House at Worcester, an influence which extended also to the 
cathedrals of Hereford, Llandaff, and St. David's. Mr. Prior considers 
also that Bristol was, towards the close of the twelfth century, the seat 
of a school of masons whose work is found not only at Wells and 
Glastonbury and in South Wales, but also in the twin cathedrals at 
Dublin. 

The half century following the Interdict under King John witnessed the 
growth of some of our most beautiful churches, of which the cathedrals, 
of Lincoln and Salisbury are types ; the latter being as simple and neat 
as anything in the earlier Cistercian churches, but being in beauty com- 
pared with them what the flower is to the bud. When Bishop Poore, who 
had planned the church at Salisbury, went to Durham, he added in the 
nine altars no unworthy substitute even for the mighty apses which had 
looked down upon the Wear. Work of this period is scarce in our 
district, the best example perhaps is the noble base of the tower of 
St. Mary Redcliff, cathedral-like in its proportions, though it was 
planned only by the inhabitants of a single parish in the little borough 
of Redcliff. The last half of the thirteenth century marked the summit 
of Gothic art in England, in the choir and transepts at Westminster, the. 
angel choir at Lincoln, the choir at St. Albans, and the lost twelve-bayed 



138 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



choir of old St, Paul's. The most beautiful of our chapter houses, those 
at Westminster, Salisbury, Southwell, Wells, and York, date from this 
period, and of these the last named claimed the proud pre-eminence— 
■Ut Rosa flos flovum sic est Domus ista Domorum. 

With the fourteenth century there came a new tone in the building 
of our greater minsters. It was no longer marked by pure devotion and 
simple beauty, but rather by overflowing luxury and superabundant 
ornament. Exeter Cathedral and the south aisle of the nave at 
Gloucester are examples of the more florid style of the period, while 
the choir of Bristol Cathedral is a good instance of more restrained 
work. One wonders what Abbot Knowle would have made of it, if 
Edward II. had been buried within it, and the wealth of offerings had 
flowed to Bristol instead of Gloucester. There are few more beautiful, 
windows in England than the east window at Bristol (alas that we can 
no longer see it !), and the means by which the thrust of the nave roof 
is carried over the aisles is a work of constructive genius. It is 
suggested that the inverted arches under the tower at Wells are the 
work of the Bristol masons, and their style is certainly very similar, as 
their date is the same. 

The Black Death caused an almost complete stoppage of building, 
though in London and at Gloucester work seems to have been continuous, 
and Mr. Prior regards St. Peter's at Gloucester as the parent of the 
Perpendicular style, with its tall windows, in the South of England. 
But church building was no longer a living and growing art, there was 
a lack of spontaneity, patterns became standardised, and the same 
models were used over and over again. As Mr. Freeman said of 
Somerset: "The Perpendicular style was introduced into Somerset very 
early, and it remained in use for a long time without any material 
change." ^ Take the interior of the noblest of Somerset parish churches, 
St. Mary Redcliff : the proportions of the whole are beautiful, but the 
details of each portion are poor and bald and fiat — 

" Perfectly beautiful, let it be granted her : where is the fault ? 

Faultily faultless, icily regular, splendidly null, 
Dead perfection, no more." 

But the men of the fifteenth century knew how to build churches 
which would endure. Their towers still stand four-square to all the 
winds that blow ; the stones may crumble, but the vaulting lasts, and 
will last. It is to the century and a half before the dissolution of the 
monasteries that we owe the noblest of our parish churches. The 
fifteenth century was a time when a day's wages would purchase more 
of the necessaries of life than at any period before or since, and this 
1 Cathedral Church of Wells, p. 121. 



Notices of Publications. 



139 



abundance of means was lavished unstintingly not only on the fabrics of 
the churches, but on their adornment. It is difficult for us to realise the 
beauty and wealth of adornment of the churches of England in the reign 
of Henry VII. Then came the Reformation, which not only stopped 
•church building, but dealt a severe blow at religious art, and indeed art of 
all kinds. But two branches of religious art, monumental and carved 
woodwork, have always been alive in England. No doubt it was needful 
to move many of the monuments which were obstructive, or were 
placed at first in unsuitable positions. But it is difficult to think without 
indignation of the wanton destruction of so much beautiful woodwork. 
The panelling of the old high pews would have made admirable seats, 
much better than the new oak and shining pitch-pine which replaced them. 
Many a noble organ gallery, which was in nobody's way, has been quite 
needlessly destroyed, Over and over again some so-called " restoration 
has presented a contrast between the present and the past as sharp as in 
the days of the Psalmist : — " He that hewed timber afore out of the 
thick trees was known to bring it to an excellent work But now they 
break down all the carved work thereof with axes and hammers." Even 
yet the destruction of the plaster roofs — characteristic of the marsh-land 
of Somerset — is going on, and tasteless match boarding, most likely brought 
from abroad, is substituted. On the other hand, one of the most beautiful 
churches in Somerset was " restored " by a vicar who knew what to leave 
alone, with only the help of a decorator from Bristol, and the parishioners 
are glad thereof. 

Mr. Prior has written -a very helpful book. Those who know their 
cathedrals will find very much to interest them in the comparison and 
contrast between church and church, and in tracing out the gradual 
development of the growth of our great minsters; while those who as 
yet know little of these beautiful churches may learn very much which 
may lead them to pass from the study of the book to that of the buildings. 
The book, which contains about one hundred pages, is illustrated by some 
^thirty pictures, taken as far as possible from pictures and prints made 
before the churches came under the hand of the restorer, and of course 
all the more helpful on that account. There is a satisfactory index. 



WORCESTERSHIRE PLACE - NAMES. By W. H. Duignan. 
London : Henry Frowde. 1905. 

Mr. Duignan had written a book on Stafordshire Place-Names, and he tells 
us that he was then attracted to Worcestershire by the very large number 
of Anglo-Saxon Charters preserved in the archives of the bishops of 
Worcester and the great monasteries of the county. And certainly the 



T40 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



shire is well favoured in this respect. First would come the great 
Confirmation Charter of Pershore Abbey, a.d. 972, which may certainly 
be accepted as genuine, not only on account of its internal evidence, but 
also because the estates were split up so soon after King Edgar's death, 
and were never re-united Then come the Worcester documents, 
Nero, E. i., placed by Kemble about a.d. iooo, which was compiled 
probably under the care of St. Oswald, Bishop of Worcester, a.d. 961- 
992, and Tiberius, A. xiii., a chartulary compiled by the monk Heming in 
the time of St. Wulfstan, bishop, a.d. 1062-95. After these come the 
far inferior documents of Evasham, Vespasian, B. xxiv., about the close of 
the twelfth century, and Harleian MS. 3763, written perhaps in the 
fourteenth century, with some other late authorities, such as the Subsidy 
Rolls and so forth. But it cannot be said that Mr. Duignan has made 
the most of his authorities. He has indeed most industriously collected 
the references to the occurrence of the place-names under the heading 
of each name, but he gives no hint of the date of the document 
in which the occurrence is found. All his authorities, early and late, 
therefore are treated as possessing equal authority, and the result is 
misleading. For example, the earliest authorities for the use of the term 
Huiccii are stated thus: — "In 693 Oshere is called 'rex Huicciorum,' 
C.5. 85.''- In 706 iEthelweard subscribes himself ' sub-regulus,' son of 
Oshere, ' quondam regis Wicciorum,' C.S. 116. In 714 we find ' episcopus 
Wicciorum,' C.S. 130. In 757 Eanberht subscribes himself ' regulus 
propriae gentis Hwicciorum,' and his brothers Uhtred and Aldred are 
confirming parties." Of these documents C.S. 85 is from Harleian MS. 
4660, a collection of copies of Worcester charters made by George 
Hickes about a.d. 1700; C.S. 116 is from Vespasian, B. xxiv., about the 
close of the twelfth century ; C.S. 130 is from Harleian MS. 358, a modern 
collection on paper, perhaps of the sixteenth century; C.S. 183 is found 
both in Nero, E. i., of the end of the tenth century, and in Tiberius, A. xiii., 
Heming's Chartulary, a century later. It is to be noted, however, that in 
both the last mentioned documents Kemble and Birch read Huiccioruni, not 
Hwicciorum. Evidently not much weight can be given to C.S. 130 with 
regard to a place-name in a.d. 714, or to C.S. 116 with regard to a.d. 706. 
It would have been a great help if references to the Pershore Charter and 
the Worcester Charters had been distinguished by the use of special type. 

The book consists of a short introduction, and then of a list of place- 
names in Worcestershire extending over 185 pages, and including probably 
about eleven hundred entries. First the name is given, then the ancient 
forms, then the supposed meaning, and finally any remarks on the word 
which may be considered helpful. It may be said at once that the work 
is very carefully done, with a refreshing absence of wild guessas. 
1 C.S. is a reference to Cartidarium Saxoiiicum, by Mr. W. Birch. 

i 



Notices of Publications. 141 

Professor Skeat, of Cambridge, and Mr. W. H. Stevenson, Fellow of 
St. John's College, Oxford, have kindly rendered great assistance. As is 
natural, the book errs to some extent, at any rate in excess. AtisUn, 
C.S. 75, and Austan, C.S. 269, are referred to a mythical Austen on the 
Severn near Worcester : they refer, of C9.urse, really to Aust Cliff, and 
the Hanbury mentioned in the earlier document is Henbury, in which 
parish Aust lies. Herein, however, Mr. Duignan has followed Kemble 
and Mr. Birch : he rightly remarks that Austen is not an Anglo-Saxon 
word ; no doubt if he had recognised the true locality he would have 
recognised Augustinus as the derivation. It is curious that there really is 
an Aust Cliff in Wolverly, north of Kidderminster, but the forms show 
clearly that this is really Alstanesclive , Ealhstan's Cliff. Austan, C.S. 269, 
is quoted also as referring to Aston Fields, south of Bromsgrove ; this is, 
of course, an error. Under Escelie there comes a curious piece of 
Domesday history, Wulfwine held it T.R.E., and had bought it from 
the Bishop of Chester for three lives. When he was dying he called to 
him Bishop Li, his wife and several friends, and assigned the property 
to his wife for her life, with reversion to the Church. Lyfing was 
Bishop of Worcester 1038-46. This entry shows that the Domesday 
tenure T.R.E. need not mean 1066, for Wulfwine must have died at least 
twenty years before that time. The only meaning given for Batch is the 
valley of a stream; this will not do in all cases, for tte highest point of 
Mendip is Beacon Batch. Halliwell also gives the meaning of a mound, 
and this must certainly be admitted. Ball Mill, on a stream mentioned in 
good Worcester documents as Baele, is a puzzle ; a Ball's Yea exists in 
Ban well, but no derivation can be assigned to the term. It is not the case 
that there are only three Cadburys; at least two more not mentioned 
exist in Somerset, near Clevedon and Yatton. It is difficult to accept 
the weald of Cod," Cod being taken as a personal name, as the deri- 
vation of " Cotswold," Far more likely is the suggestion of Canon 
Isaac Taylor that it is " a hybrid name from the Celtic coed, ' wood ' or 
' forest,' and the Anglo-Saxon weald, M.E. wold, which was used in the 
sense of waste or unenclosed ground." This is borne out by the names 
Codmoor Lane and Codinore Copse, which occur near Barnsley, and which 
may well represent the last lingering survival of Coed Mawr, "the great 
wood." The writer has reckoned without his host when he says that 
there is no word in Old or Middle English except Fepston, in Himbleton, 
commencing with Fep-. Bede^ records that Diuma, Bishop of the 
Middle Angles, died in regione qua vocatur Infeppingum. Furthermore, in 
the list of Tribal Hidage the Fcerpinga appear, with a note that they are 
among the Middle Angles, as holding three hundred hides. It is quite 
possible that Fepston may have been among their settlements, and if 

1 H. E., iii. 21. 



142 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



this were so the name may have a value in fixing the locality of this 
ancient people. 

With regard to the termination tng Mr. Duignan mentions only two 
meanings, a patronymic and a possessive sense, with an expression of 
doubt concerning the latter. It had, however, certainly the meaning of 
"the inhabitants of a place"; as for example, C.S. 784, a.d. 943, 
ealdingctuninga tnearce, niwantuninga mearce, " the boundaries of the people 
of the old town and of the new town; C.S. 863, a.d. 948, to brytfordingea 
land sceare, "to the territory of the Britford folk" ; this is supported by an 
original document. But the chief authority for this meaning is an original 
document of a.d. 969, C.S. 1229, which mentions in the land boundaries 
two points at which three boundaries meet, wohurninga 6- wafanduninga 
cepsleaingea, and crancfeldinga 6- mercstuninga &> holacotan, " of the Woburn, 
Wavendon, and Apsley Guise folk," and "of the Cranfield and Marston 
Mortayne folk, and of Holcot." There can be little doubt that Nafford is 
simply cetforda with n prefixed, like Napleton, Noke, and Noverton. The 
derivation given for Pershore, "peach-tree bank," from Persoc "peach," 
and ora "a bank," is interesting as showing that " Pershore plums" were 
well known at least nine centuries ago. The ancient estate of Sture in 
Usmere is identified with Stourbridge, but it is likely that Kidderminster 
would more truly represent it. Under the heading Hiviccii reference is 
made to the entry in the Chronicles a.d. 800, rad Mthehmmd aldorman of 
Hwicciiim ofer cet Cynemceres forda, "Alderman ^thelmund rode over from 
the Hwiccians at Kempsford " into Wessex. The meaning is not that he 
was ruler over the Hwiccians, though that was the case, but that he 
crossed over from {of, from) the Hwiccians into Wessex. 

It is a pity that the author did not sum up the fruits of his investigations 
in a series of chapters on the different classes of place-names in Worcester- 
shire, such as Celtic and prehistoric names, Saxon names, ecclesiastical 
names, and the few names which seem to have arisen since the date of 
Domesday. As it stands, the book has an unfinished aspect ; it is rather a 
collection of materials for a treatise on Worcestershire place-names than 
a completed work. But even so it is a very useful book to those who have 
time and inclination to do their own thinking, and it is especially helpful 
to the student of Gloucestershire place-names, because for more than 
four centuries after the battle of Dyrham the two shires lay both for civil 
and ecclesiastical purposes in the same district. 

ORDO ROMANUS PRIMUS, with Introduction and Notes by E. G. 
CuTHBERT Atchley. Loudon : Alexander Moring. 1905. 

This book, which may possess an interest for us because it is compiled by 
a contributor to our Transaction, consists essentially of the document 



Notices of Publications. 



143 



from which it takes its name, which probably dates from the time of 
Pope Stephen III., 768 — 772. This first Ordo is followed by a translation 
of another Ordo known as that of Si. A?nand, which seems to be an account 
of the Roman Mass drawn up for the use of a church in Gaul about the 
year 800. The documents, therefore, give a good representation of that 
Roman Order which Canon 13 of the Council of Clovesho directed should be 
observed in the English Church in 747, and to which Alcuin directed the 
attention of Eanbald, Archbishop of York, in 796.1 These references of 
Alcuin are among the earliest instances in which the Roman Ordo is 
mentioned. 

The service described is that of Solemn Mass on Easter Day in the 
Basilica of St. Mary Major, at which all classes of the clergy and the 
people of Rome attended by representation. Mr. Atchley has provided 
a translation of the Latin Ordo which represents its sense very well, though 
successfully on p. 117 is a manifest slip for successively ; while "at the bend 
of the Porch of St. Paul, only those on foot attend," on p. 121, seems 
inadequate for iyi reflexione porticus sancti Pauli. Is it possible that reflexio 
referred to the stream of the Tiber ? ^ The chief entrance to the Basilica is 
from the riverside. The book opens with an introduction extending over 
some fifty pages, which consists of a series of short articles on the Basilica 
itself, its ministers, and the ornaments of service ; and as the church was 
already in existence long before the time of Pope Stephen, it is possible to 
follow the description closely. The second part consists of an account of 
Solemn Mass and its ritual, and here again as the words of the service were 
what they are now it is easy to realise the outward form of the service. It 
is certainly a striking thing that if the Pope were to celebrate Solemn Mass 
at St. Mary Major now, both the surroundings of the service and the words 
would be those described in this Ordo twelve centuries ago, though the 
outward forms and ceremonies would be widely different. An Appendix 
gives the Roman Liturgy of the eighth century with Rubrical directions 
from the Gregorian Sacramentary , and the two Ordines contained in the 
book, and there is added for purposes of comparison an account of the 
African Liturgy in the time of St. Augustine. 

It is unfortunate that in his account of the service Mr. Atchley has 
made use of the points of the compass. The Basilica of St. Mary lies 
north-west and south-east, with the altar towards the north-western end, 
and the Pontiff during the Celebration faced south-east and towards the 
people. Such a sentence then as the following is very confusing : " When 
the last Kyrie eleisun has been sung, the Pope turns round towards the 
people and intones the Gloria in excelsis, turning back again to the east 
while the choir continue and finish it."^ As a fact, he would have been 

1 Councils and Ecclesiastical Documents, iii. 503, 508. 
^ Reflectio, Refluxus, Fluvii cursus. Ducange. ^ Page 59. 



144 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

facing south-east when he was looking towards the people, north-west when 
he was turned from them. With regard to the service itself, all the ranks of 
the clergy were vested alike, except that the Pope wore his pall fastened on to 
his planeta or outer vestment, and the deacons took off their planeta when 
they reached the presbytery that their arms might be free for their service. 
The bread and wine for Communion were gathered from the people during 
the service, the Pope and his attendants collecting the loaves, and the 
archdeacon receiving the flasks of wine ; wine was also received from the 
clergy and water from the choir, which were poured together into a large 
chalice, and the loaf-offerirgs of the clergy were then received. . On the 
great Festivals of Christmas, Easter, Pentecost and St. Peter's Day the 
Cardinal Priests gathered to the right and left of the altar, and repeated 
the Canon together with the Pope, in order that his voice might be heard 
more distinctly ; they held their loaves in their hands, and thus together 
with him they hallowed the body and blood of the Lord. A sufficient 
number of the loaves was consecrated, and after being broken up, the 
fragments were placed in sacks for distribution ; but only a single chalice 
of wine was consecrated, from which the clergy received, the wine for the 
use ot the lay-people being indirectly consecrated by pouring into it some 
of the consecrated wine from the single chalice. The lay-people received 
the wine through a pipe or reed. There was a curious custom that after 
the recital of the Canon the Pope returned to his throne and signified to 
his notaries the names of those whom he invited to breakfast after the 
service, which invitations were immediately delivered. One is reminded 
of the dinners formerly given during their period of close residence by the 
Canons of Durham, for which invitations were given after Evensong. It 
certainly seems difficult to understand how with such frequent transferences 
of the hallowed bread from one person to another, and such frequent 
pourings of the wine, spilling or the fall of fragments to the floor could be 
avoided ; the belief iii the sacredness of the hallowed elements was, how- 
ever, very clear. These services were, as we may well imagine, very long, 
and Pope Gregory in his later years complained that he was so much 
troubled with gout that he was unable without great difficulty to celebrate 
the Solemn Mass on Festivals which lasted three hours. The book may 
not appeal to a very large number of readers, but it is a very useful work of 
its kind, for the sections on the ornaments of the Church and its ministers 
and on Solemn Mass and its ritual are very carefully cpmpiled and contain 
much information that is very helpful. The book has also a real interest 
in another way, as showing how very widely outward ceremonies and 
ritual have altered even in the same service and in the same church. It is 
likely that the outward ceremonies of a reverent Easter Celebration in the 
Church of England would not vary more from the ritual of the Ordo than 
a Solemn High Mass by the Pope in the Basilica of St. Mary (if such a 



i 



Notices of Publications. 



H5 



service could take place) would diffei from the ceremonies used in that very 
church eleven centuries ago. Unity does not lie in outward forms. There 
is an excellent Index and some very instructive illustrations. The picture 
of the Basilica of St. Mary is useful as showing the entablature before it 
was cut by the arch on either side ; and a series of pictures illustrative of 
sacred vestments shows clearly that the vestments used in the service of 
the Church are simply the costumes worn by civilians of the higher ranks 
of the Roman Empire in the fifth and sixth centuries. Three pictures of 
ambones which have appeared in our Transactions appear also here by the 
kindness of our President of Council, and it is gratifying to find that they 
take a worthy place in really good company. 



HORFIELD MISCELLANEA. By Rev. Fanshawe Bingham, M.A. 
Portsmouth : W. H: Barrell. igo6. 

This book, as its name implies, is a collection of notes made about many 
things at many times, the origin of all being a note-book formerly belonging 
to the Rev. Samuel Seyer, the historian of Bristol, who was Curate of 
Horfield from 1813 till 1828. With regard to archaeological matters, the 
name first appears in Domesday as Horefelle, rated at eight hides, a rating 
which includes at least the additional area of Filton. Unfortunately the 
" Langley Hundred" on the page of the great Record, which refers only to 
Alveston, is taken to refer also to Berkeley, which was of course a Hundred 
of itself, and it is erroneously stated that Horfield lay in Langley Hundred, 
the true Hundred being that of Berkeley. With regard to the meaning of 
the name, it is derived no doubt from the same root with Horton and 
Horwood, the forest which lay between the Berkeley Kingswood on the 
north and the Bristol Kingswood on the south, with its hunting seat at 
Alveston, The names of old woods are often as difficult to interpret as 
those of hills or streams, but Mr. Duignan gives " dirty or muddy town " 
as the meaning of a Worcestershire Horton as derived from the old English 
Horn "mud," and as both Horton and Horfield stand on the lias clay it is 
not needful to seek any other origin for the name. Mr. Seyer marked, and 
Mr. Bingham records, the existence of a tumulus which has escaped the 
watchful eyes of Mr. Witts ; it has been opened more than once, and 
spoiled. The church was originally a chapel of Almondsbury, and it 
does not seem to have been in any way an independent cure till Mr. 
Richards became Perpetual Curate in 1828. The register books begin at 
an unusually early date — 1543 — for baptisms, marriages and burials; and 
an incident recorded by Mr. Bingham shows the absolute necessity of 
never allowing a stranger to be left alone with the registers. The notes 
on the parish are carried down to 1900, and of course there is very much 

II 



146- 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



that does not fall within the view of an archaeological society. Mr. 
Bingham has done a really good work in putting his notes into an accessible 
form, and though what is said about the history of the parish before the 
date of Domesday must be taken with a good deal of caution, the book 
shows how very much of interest there is in the history of any parish, and 
careful work of this kind will always be welcomed, not only by the parish- 
ioners who are more particularly interested, but also by many others who 
are interested in local topography and history, and who can generally find 
something helpful to them in any local history. The shape of the book 
and its limp covers are not very convenient. 

A GUIDE TO THE ANTIQUITIES OF THE STONE AGE, in 
THE Department OF British AND Medieval Antiquities. Printed 
by order of the Trustees of the British Museum. 1902. 

This little book of some 120 pages, with its companion volumes on the 
"Bronze Age" and the "Early Iron Age," is published by the Trustees 
of the British Museum, at the cost of one shilling each, or threepence 
more for each volume if sent by post. Each book is furnished with some 
ten plates and about 140 illustrations. Although the specimens described 
are only the ones in the Museum collection, yet the range of this collection 
is so wide, that practically the descriptions form an excellent introduction 
to the subjects of which they treat. Many of us are prevented by distance 
from museums from studying these ancient implements themselves, and 
the abundance of excellent illustrations is most helpful in enabling folk so 
circumstanced to form a good idea of what they are really like ; while it 
by no means follows that in every museum the specimens are either 
rightly described or arranged in the most helpful order. Many more there 
are who are prevented from studying the classical works on the subject, 
and they will find in these little books information about the implements 
themselves, and the conditions of life of the people by whom they were 
formed and used, which will enable them to use intelligently information 
obtained from more advanced sources. It should be added that the books 
not only describe ancient implements, but also implements of the present 
day of types similar to those which were used in old times. The 
authorities of the Museum have done well in putting into circulation these 
excellent and most helpful publications. 



INDEX TO THE HERALDRY IN BIGLAND'S 
HISTORY OF GLOUCESTERSHIRE. 



WITH NOTES BY F. WERE, 1905-6. 
Compiled for the Bristol and Gloiicestevshive Avchceological Society » 



I HAVE had two reasons for this work, one that the index 
in Bigland is very <:onfused, and does not include the 
parishes from Newent to Yate ; the other, that I have found 
when churches are restored, the shields are generally so 
scrubbed that the paint is rubbed off, and as the bulk of 
them are unfortunately painted on a smopth surface which 
causes them sometimes when repainted to bear but a scant 
resemblance to the original. And here I would note that 
it would be a grand thing for heraldry if modern sculptors 
were obliged, shall I say through the efforts of the Society, 
to hatch in the lines, &c., for the tinctures, since this does 
not prevent their being painted afterwards, as so many get 
faded and grimed with dirt as to quite change the blazon. 
It was the custom formerly to hang the hatchments in the 
churches, and although this has happily been done away 
with nowadays, and they are generally consigned to the 
lumber room, yet when they were true blazons and not 
covered with undertakers' mottoes, they made interesting 
additions to heraldry ; many examples occur in Bigland 
which modern archaeologists can now no longer see. So 
many incumbents take a deep interest in their churches, 
and like to know the meaning of the historic lore handed 
down by these shields, therefore these readings of Bigland 
taken more than a century ago, when properly verified, 
ought to prove a safe guide to them and the restorer. 

I am sorry to have to bring so many Queries before 

12 

Vol. XXVIII. 



148 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



my readers ; but I think I have hazarded enough in all the 
bracketed interpretations of the arms, and propose, if the 
Editor will allow space, to leave a blank line or two between 
each query, so that any persons may enter a MS. blazon 
when they have discovered the true one, which notes might 
"be added, if kindly sent to me, in further issues of the 
Society. 

I have been sadly handicapped in all the heraldry con- 
tained in the parishes from Newent to Yate, as I made 
a MS. copy from a friend's edition containing these, from 
which this index has been worked out, and have only been 
able to procure for reference Bigland proper, having to 
trust to other works for verification. 

If readers will refer to the Index of Places, they will 
be able to find the names, blazons, or queries which help 
to make up the different parts of the shields ; it would have 
taken up too much space and needless repetition if every 
shield had been thoroughly described under each name. 
Almost all the dates are obituary ones taken from the 
monuments or other authentic references. It would be 
well if all the modern heraldry since Bigland's time could 
be collected and summarized in the same way, to be joined 
as an appendix to this work. 

ABBREVIATIONS. 
Arg., argent, i.e. silver; az., azure; betw., between; bord., 
hovduve ; chev. and chevs., chevron and plural ; co., county ; 
coh. and cobs., coheir and coheiress and their plurals ; counter- 
embat., counteremhattled ; d. and ds., daughter and its plural; 
dex., dexter; diff., difference; displ., displayed; embat., em- 
battled; engr., engrailed; erm., ermine; escut. of pret., escut- 
cheon of pretence (borne by heiress) ; gu., gules ; guard., guardant ; 
h. and hs., heir or heiress and their plurals ; Land. Gent., 
Burke's Landed Gentry ; pass., passant; ped., pedigree ;^ ppr., 
proper, i.e. its ordinary colour ; ramp., rampant ; reguard., 
reguardant ; s., son; sa., sable, i.e. black; Vis., Visitations of 
the heralds during several years. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



149 



DE Fourth quartering of ^ Baynham. Fretheme 

Lodgff. Parlour window. '* Or a fess be- 
tween 6 croslets florete gules." [Query 

the reading. Does ''florete" mean crosses flory, and not 

croslets ?] ' 

£? ABENHALL.] W otton- under - Edge. Third quartering of 

Bainham : "Argent on a bend sable 3 eagles 

or," \Glos. Vis., 1623, says, "Eagles 

displayed with two heads." The real Abenhall is, " Or a 

fess gules" ; but the shield on p. 12 gives the eagles without 

two heads, which would really be the arms of Ernley. 

Symonds's Diary, p. 28, gives this as "Gules on a bend 

argent an eagle displayed sable." I think by its marshalling 

it is intended for what de Lasseberge bore, as his heir 

married Sir Henry de Dene.] 

? ABER- Redland, Westhiivy-on-Trim. Two. Second 

•CHERDER. ' ^ \ ^ , , , 

quartermg 01 Innys : " Gules 3 boars 

heads coupt or." [Rudder says the same, 

but I cannot find such a family. Aberkerdour coat is quite 

•different.] Also the same twice impaled with Cossins and 

Saville. 

[ABERLE.] Mangotsfield. " (Or) 3 falcons close, 2 and 

I (proper)." [Third quarterings of Blount 
on two shields outside W. door ; granted 

1572. Glos. Vis., 1623: John Blount of Magersfeild r= . . . 

d. and heire to Thomas Aberle.] 

ABTOT. Cheltenham. " Per pale or and gules 3 round- 

lets counterchanged." [Really D'Abitot, 
eighth quartering of Lygon. Walter de 

Beauchamp married Emeline, only child of Urso de 

Abetot.] 

[A'COURT.] Cheltenham. Quarterly of four: i, "Eagle 
displayed " ; 2, " A bend " ; 3, "Paly of six " ; 
4, " Chevron between three leaves," 1776. 

Catherine, wife of Will. P. A'Court, of Heytesbury, Wilts. 

[Hoare gives " Per fess, in chief or an eagle displayed 

sable beaked and legged gules, charged on the breast with 



150 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



two chevrpnels argent, in base paly of six erminois and 
azure," quartering Ashe and Vernon, i, The eagle would 
stand for part of this coat ; 2, there is a variation of 
Vernon, "Or a bend azure " ; 3, would be the base coat 
of Hoare's ; but 4 must be a wrong blazon, if it is Ashe, 
as that is " Argent two chevrons sable," which I suppose 
to be the intended coat on the eagle, but I cannot find a 
family for 4.] 

ACTON. Elkestone. Church tower. Second shield r 

"Quarterly per fess indented" (arg. and 
az.). Fmntpton Cotterel. Windows. 1607. 

I, impaled with Arden ; 2, impaling Query, 82. 

[? ADAMS.] Oldhiry -on- Severn. "... 3 lions pass, guard. 

in pale . . ." Oldpen. [This is really 
Adams, 1684 : " Ermine 3 cat a mountains 

pass, guard, in pale azure." Rudder says Mr. Thomas 

Adams had a seat at Cowgill.] 

ADAMS. Painswick. " Gules on a bend or three trefoils 

slipt S. (sable)," 1740, impaling Taylor. 
[Rudder says Nathaniel Adams and Anne 
his wife, and gives the same coat. It is not in the 
Armories, the nearest being "Arg. on a bend az., may be 
sa., three trefoils slipped or."] Woodchester. "2 griffins 
rampant," i860, impaling the same, 1843. [Really "Vert 
a pale argent, may be or, between two griffins segreant 
or." Crest : A griffin's head erased between two wings. 
James Smith Adams married Elizabeth Emma Adams.] 
A'DEANE. Awre. "Lion ramp." ["Arg. a lion ramp. 

purpure" is Deane : Ann, wife of Matt. 
A'Deane, of Etloe, in this parish, 1771 ; 
but Rudder does not mention the family.] 
[ADEE ] Ampney Cruets. "Three arrows, points 

downwards, i in pale and 2 in saltire, 
encircled with a coronet," monument says 
Maria, wife of Swithin Adee, 1729, impaling Query 
[Blagrave]. (This is more like a crest than arms, but is 
not Adey's.) 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 151 



ADEY. . Wotton- under -Edge. "Argent on a bend 

azure three leopards' faces or." William, 
of Comb, 1765 ; Mrs. Bridged, of Sinwell, 
wife of Daniel, impaling Crew, 1740 ; Mary- Blagden, 
daughter of Daniel, impaled with^f Blagden, 1761 ; Daniel, 
1752, impaling Blagden ; and William of Uley, 1763, 
impaling Gyde. Diivsley. On a bend sable 3 leopards' 
faces of the field," Henry, 1734. [Rudder, 426, gives the 
field "or," and says the coat impales "Gules a fess between 
three crescents or," which may be (Boynton).] 
ADYE. Cirencester. Churchyard, i, Shield :" (Azure) 

fess dancetty between 3 cherubs displ. (or 
fa-ces arg.)," John, 1745. 
[PADESTON.] Preston -upon - Avon. Eleventh shield in 
window. " Argent a fess gules between 
3 pellets," impaling Cave. [Rudder calls 
the parish Preston-upon-Stour, but does not give the coat. 
Papworth gives this as Adeston, but I can find no pedigree 
to prove it.] 

AINGE. Cirencester. Churchyard. 2, Shield :" (Azure) 

a chevron (ermine) between three crosses 
formee (argent)." [Rudder says Maria, 
sister of John Adye and wife of Richard Ainge, of 
Lechlade, 1744.] Lechlade, " Az. a chev. erm. betw. 

3 crosses pattee arg.," 1778, impaling Loder. [Richard 

A. married Lettice, d. of Robert Loder, and Rudder says 
that two Loders and Mr. Richard Ainge have good houses 
in this place.] 

AISGILL. Downe HatherUy. i, Shield: " Chequy." 

[I cannot find arms or family, but Henry was 
Vicar, Chancellor of St. David's, 1605-1622, 

and Prebendary of Gloucester, 1599-1622.] 

[ALBENEY.] Hem{p)sted. Second quartering of Porter : 

"Arg. 3 helmets close sa. garnished or," 

[This coat is given as the third quartering 

of Porter, Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 126, but the pedigree does 

not prove the marriage. However, the blazon is just 



152 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



reversed, being "Sable three esquires' helmets argent,'* 
for which Papworth says de Aubeney.] 
ALBANY. Quedgley. Second quartering of Porter : 

" (Sa.) 3 esquires' helmets (arg.)." [See 
Albaney, Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 2, where Ebane, 
d. and h. of Ergystan A., married Simond Cadull, whose 
d. and h. Emma married John Hyed, whose gd. Joanne 
married John Arthur, whose d. Margaret married Roger 
Port<er.] Newent. 2 and 3, quartering of Porter, 1528 \ 
error for [Heyward]. 

[ALDRIDGE.] Stroud. Crest : A bull pass. gu. [Stated 
to be the crest of Bridges, but put under 
Aldridge monuments. Aldrich bears a "bull 

pass. arg. armed or."] 

ALLEYN. Mangotsfield. " Sa. a cross patonce arg.," 

impaling (Bragge), 1741. [William 

Alleyn, of Bristol, married Lucy, sister of 
Charles B.] 

[? ANDREWS.] Havesfield. " Gu. a saltire voided or," 

1678, impaling Sheppard. [Really on the 
saltire another one vert, but I cannot find 

marriage.] Mangotsfield. *' (Arg.) on a bend cotised (sa.) 

3 mullets (or)," 1758? impaling (Turnor). Longhope. 

In a lozenge shield, impaling Kingstone, 1683 : " A mullet 

within bord. engr.," monument says Bridget, relict of Roger 

Andrewes, gent. 

QUEEN ANNE. Shipton Solevs. [But no blazon.] 
[DEANNESLEY.]M?V/f/^^^?^. Twelfth quartering of Fisher: 
" Paly of 6 arg. and gu., over ail a bend 

vaire," [" Vairy," really "arg. and 

sa." Rudder, 546, "vert and or."] 

APSLEY. Cirencester. Escutcheon of pretence on 

Bathurst, quarterly with Petre. i and 4 : 
"Barry of six arg. and gu. a canton erm.," 

1768. [Allen, first Earl Bathurst, married in 1704 Catherine, 

d. and h. of Sir Peter Apsley.] 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



155 



ARDEN. Frampton Cotterel. In window. 1607. First 

shield : " Erm. a fess chequy or and az.," 
impaling Acton. 

[ARDEN.] Weston-upon-Avon. Second quartering of 

Greville, 1546, and of Greville, 1559: 
A fess countercompony." [Lodwick . 

Grevill married Margaret, d. and coh. of Gyles Arden, 

Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 214.] 

ARDERBURG Clifford Chambers. Eleventh quartering: of 

OR ARDER- ^ . , 

BOUGHE. Kaynesford : " Arg. a chev. engr. betw. 

3 escallops sa." [Oxford. Vis., p. 166 : Ric. 
Arderburgh de Tew. Miles married Elianora 
fil. and heres of Thomas Purscell, twelfth quartering, and 
Millicent, d. and h. of Richard Berwyke, thirteenth quar- 
tering. The chevron is not generally engrailed.] 
ARLE. Cheltenham. " Or a bird rising vert within 

a tressure sa." Fourteenth quartering of 
Lygon atchievement. [Brought in with 
13, Grevill. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 70, says Robert Grevill 
married . . . d. and coheire of John Arles.J 
ARNOLD. Chufcham. Two escutcheons, i : " Gules 

a chevron ermine between three pheons 
or," impaled with Porter. [Glos. Vis.^ 
1623, p. 127 : Arther Porter married AUice, d. of John and 
sister of Sir Nicholas Arnold, Knt.] 2 : Arnold, impaling 
Hawkins. [Glos. Vis.', 1623,, p. 4 : John A. of (Churcham) 
married Issabell, d. of . . . Hawkins.] Hawkeshury. Impaled 
with Cole. Hem{p)sted. Impaled with Porter as above, 

but quarterly i and 4 ; Arnold 2 and 3, [Madock.] 

Qiiedgley. The same as the last. 

[ARTHUR.] Campden. Chapel in church. Two. 2 and 

3 : " Gu. a chev. erm. betw. 3 organ rests 

(clarions) or," Gn banner and tablet 

quarterly with Hickes. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 80 : Robert 
Hicks of Bristow married Julian, d. and h. of William 
Arther, co. Gloucester, or Clapton, Somerset.] 



154 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

ARUNDEL. Cirencester . Fourteenth quartering of 

D'Anvers : " Sa. 6 swallows arg." Framp- 
ton Cotterel. Quarterly i and 4 : " Sa. 
6 swallows in pile arg.," and impaled with Daubeny, 
Stvoud, " Sa. a chev. betw. 3 swallows arg.," 1742, impaling 
Gregory. [The first came in with Dantesey to D'Anvers; 
the second, Giles, Lord Daubeny married Elizabeth 
Arundel; the third, Rudder, 715, says, Thomas Arundel 
married Anne, daughter of Thomas Gregory of Hordley, 
Oxfordshire. Nayler gives this coat, but it is not in 
ArmoriesJ] 

[ASCOUGH.] Shipton Moyne. Two shields. Impaled with 
EsTCouRT and Goddard (Beauboys). "... 
(? arg.) a fess engr. gu. betw. 3 mules 
(? asses) pass. . . . (of the field), a crescent for difference," 

[Not in Armories. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 56 : Thomas de 

la Eastcourt married Hanna, d. of . . . Ascough.] 
ASHURST. Tortworth. In window. " Gu. a cross engr. 

betw. 4 fleurs-de-lis arg," [Glos. Vis., 1623, 
p. 189. Second quartering of Wyrrall.] 
[ASTRY.] Aust. "Barry wavy of 6 arg. and az. on a 

chief gu. 3 bezants," [Sir Samuel, 1704.] 

ASTRY. Henhury. Quarterly with [? Morse]. [Most 

probably the arms of Luke, s. of Sir 
Samuel, ob. 1701,] Stapleton. Fifth quar- 
tering of Smith (Smyth). [Sir John Smyth, Bart., 
married Elizabeth eldest d. and coh. of Sir Samuel. She 
died 1715.] 

ATKINS. Cirencester. Chapel of Jesus. Tenth shield : 

"Arg. a cross voided flory counterflory betw. 
4 mullets pierced sa." Hempsted. Impaling 
Marshe, 1594: "Arg. a cross cotised fiorettee betw. 4 
mullets pierced sa." Richard A., Esq., married Elinor, 
d. of Thomas M. of Warestere, co. Hunts. Upton S. Leonards. 
" Arg. a cross sa. a tressure of fleur-de-lis betw. 4 mullets 

pierced of the second," ? 1737, impaling (? Roberts); 

also the same, 1639. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



155 



ATKYNS. Sapevton. " Arg. a cross sa. a tressure of 

half fleur-de-lis betw. 4 mullets pierced of 
the second," impaling Carteret. Crest : 
On a wreath (on a mount vert) 2 greyhounds' heads erased 
endorsed arg. (and sa.) and collared and ringed counter- 
changed. [Sir Robert, ob. 171 1.] Stanway. 2, Atchment. 
As last, impaled with Tracy. [John, son of Ferdinando 
Tracy, married, 1699, Ann, d. of Sir Robert.] 4: Atch- 
ment, as last, impaling [Dacres] . [Sir Edward Atkyns 
married Ursula Dacres.] Stow. i, Atchment. Gone; 
2 and 3, grand quarter of Chamberlayne as last. 2, Atch- 
ment. Escutcheon of pretence on Chamberlayne. [Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 38 : Edmund Chamberlayne, 1728, married 
Ehzabeth, d. and coh. of Robert Atkins of Nether Swell.] 
Swell Lower. Atchment. Escut. of pret. on Horde : " Sa. a 
cross flory arg. betw. 4 mullets or." [There seems to be 
some confusion in the descent of the two coheirs. Rudder, 
p. 551, says Thomas Atkyns, of Tufleigh, left two daughters, 
-coheirs; and, p. 722, Robert Atkyns, of Swell, left the same, 
all of which were married to Chamberlayne and Hoard.] 
On pulpit cloth. Impaling Query, 62. 

ATKINSON. Stowel in Hampnett. Manor House porch. 

Az. a cross moline arg. betw. 4 lioncels 
ramp, or." [Rudder says the cross is flory ; 
Papworth, the cross patonce and the lions arg.; Nayler's 
cross is more patonce than flory.] 

ATLEE. Preston -Upon- Avon. In- window. " Az. a 

lion ramp, arg.," impaling ? Cromwell. 

ATWELLS. Thornhury. " Arg. a pile in point sa., over 

all a chev. counterchanged," 1730. Crest : 
Lion ramp, erminois, holding in his paws 
an annulet (or). 

ATTWOOD. Pauntley. Gu." {Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 6 : 
" Semee of acorns or ") *' a lion ramp, arg.,'' 
impaling Savage, 1693 ; and the same, 1723, 

impaling SavagM, 1696 ; also impaling ? (Frankcombe, or 

Frankham). Crest: Out of a ducal coronet a swan's head. 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



[AUCHER] Miserden. Seventh quartering of Sandys : 
" Erm. on a chief az. 3 lions ramp, or 

(armed and langued gu.)," [Anne, 

d. and h. of John Aucher, of Losnam - Losenham, in the 
parish of Newenden, Kent, married Walter Culpeper.] 
AUDLEY. Stvatton. " Gu. a fret or," impaled with 

Nicholas. [Jane, d. of John Audeley^ 
of ... in com. . . . widdow of Andrew 
Ketleby, of ... in com. Gloster, Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 117.] 
[AULD.] Winterhoume. Impaled with Griffith, 1717 : 

" Erm. on a chief . . . (gu.) 2 griffins 

ramp, respectant . . . (arg.)," [I cannot find this 

marriage.] 

AUSTIN, REALLY ChiircJidown. " Or a chev. e^u. betw. ^ lions 
AUSTEN. . , ^ J , ^ 

jambs erased and erected sa. on a canton, 

the arms of Ulster," 1743, ob. s.p., im- 
paling Dashwood. [Sir Robert A., Bart., M.P. for New 
Romney, married, 1738, Rachel, d. of Sir Francis Dash- 
wood, Bart., ob. s.p.] Fairfovd. "Arg. on a fess betw. 
2 chev. sa. 3 cross croslets or," impaled with Oldisworth.. 
[William O., 1680, married Maria, d. of Will. A., in co. 
Suthriiensi.] 

[AUSTIN.] Wotton-under-Edge. "A lion pass, regard, on^ 

a chief ?no colours (sic),'" Motto: "Sua. 

praemia laudi." [Monument says L'Estrange 

Soutliwood Austin, 1549. Robson gives: "Arg. a lion pass. 

reguard. gu. collared or, on a chief az. a bezant, may be 

annulet, betw. 2 estoiles of the first." The motto is not 

given in books.] 

? AVERY. Cirencester, Ninth quartering of D' An vers : 

" Gu. 3 chev. arg." [There is no tracing 
this family to Stradling or D'Anvers, and 
it has been tricked Justine, a Welsh coat. It might just as 
well be a wrong blazon for Strongbow.] Fairford. Impaled 
with Morgan, 1715: "Gu. 3 chev. arg. within bord. of the 
second." [Papworth gives this as Deane, co. Lincoln, but 
the monument s^ys Mary, d. of Avery Tirrel, so it looks- 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



157 



like a wrong blazon for " Arg. 2 chev. az. within bord. 
engr. gii.," Tirrell.] 

AYSCHCOMBE. Quemton. Impaled with Wilde : " Or a lion 
ramp. gu. armed and langued az., tail forked, 
a chief of the thicd," 1680. [I cannot find 
this marriage.] 

BABINGTON. Frontispiece and title-page, both vols. Third 
quartering of Bigland : " Arg. 10 torteaux, 
4.3.2.1." [Monument in Gloucester Cathe- 
dral, and in Topographer and Genealogist, vol. i., pp. 276-7: 
Jane, d. and h. of Robert Babington, married Gurter's 
father's wife's father.] 

[BACKWELL.] Redland Chapel, in Westhnry -on-Trim. Impaled 
with Innys : "Arg. on a chev. sa. 3 cups or," 
[I cannot find this marriage, nor yet 

the following, so it might be a wrong blazon for Marissal.] 

The same, impaling [Banks]. 

[BADLAND.] See Query, 31. 

BAGHOTT. Deerhurst. " Erm. on a bend gu. 3 eagles 

displ. or," impaled with Mortimer. [Eliza- 
beth, ob. 1680, was the wife of Edmund Mortimer.] Prest- 
hury. First atchment. 2 and 3, quarterings of De la Bere. 
[The Rev. John Edwards, heir of the family, was by Royal 
License, 1879, authorised to use the surname of De la Bere 
after that of Baghott, and quarter the arms of De la Bere 
with Baghott.] Second atchment. Arms and crest: "A 
buck's head sa., betw. the antlers a hound courant arg." 
{Glos. Vis., 1682 . Head, cabossed ; hound, greyhound and 
collared gules.) Motto : " Mii Dominus." Arms, 1725, 
impaling De la Bere. [William B. married Anne, d. of 
John De la Bere, of Southam.] 

? BAGYNDEN. Maysemore. "Or on a pile in point betw. 

6 estoiles sa., 3 in pale of the field." 

Eighth quartering of Pembruge. [Really 
fifth of Baskerville. I cannot find the marriage. Papworth 
gives this coat as Boiggindens, and Bagenden as " Or on 
a pale sa. three estoiles of the first," part of the above coat.] 



158 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



PBAILLEE. Clifton, Bristol. 2 and 3, quartering of 

Hamilton : " Arg. a fess wavy betw. 3 roses 
gu. leaved vert." [Rachel, d. of George B., 
of Jerviswood, married Charles Hamilton, Lord Binning, ob. 
v. p., 1732 ; so this coat is the Melrose title, created in 1619, 
was changed after the death of Sir John Ramsay, Viscount 
Haddington, eight years afterwards, to Sir Thomas Hamilton, 
created Earl Haddington. John Hamilton of the monument 
was son of this Charles, and as Rachel his mother was 
an heiress, her quartering ought to have been marshalled.] 
Didmavton. 2 and 3, quartering of Forrester: " Az. 9 

mullets or," [I cannot find such a coat, and as Forrester 

is Scotch, I think it is intended for the true Baillee : "Az. 
nine estoiles, 3.3.2.1., or."] 

BAINTON. Sherborne. '* Sa. 5 lozenges in bend arg.," 

1648. [Rudder, p. 651, makes the lozenges 
gules, which is false. Elizabeth, d. of Sir 

Henry Bainton, married, as his first wife, John Button, 

ob. 1656-7.] 

BAKER. Almondsbury. 2 and 3, quartering of Dowell: 

" Az. on a fess (engr.) betw. 3 swans' necks 
erased or (may be arg.), each gorged with 
a ducal coronet or (gules), three cinquefoils of the last, i.e. 
gules." [In Burke's Extinct Baronetage, pp. 32-3, the shield is 
engraved without its fess or charges, but the blazon is given 
with the coronets or and the cinquefoils gules. Mary, coh. 
of the last baronet, Sir John, ob. 1661, married John Dowell, 
of Over, CO. Glos.] Quenington. " Az. on a fess engr. or 
betw. 3 swans' heads erased arg. ducally gorged gu., an 
annulet between 2 cinquefoils gu.," 1767. [Most probably 
the middle 5 foil had been partially defaced, as in 1899 I read 
it as three 5 foils.] 

[BAKER.] Bihury. Rev. Tho., vicar 1755, and Anne, 

1734. Same arms without tinctures, 

Uley. " Az. on a fess or 3 mulletts gu. 
betw. 3 swans' necks or rayed (? erased) and beaked gu.," 
1830, and on a canton "Arg. a chev. betw. 3 blackbirds 



Heraldry oe Gloucestershire. 



15^ 



sa., each holding a worm gu ," [Query the reading of 

these two. The first I can only conjecture to be a misreading 
of Baker, and the second is so disconnected from it that it 
looks like a separate shield ; but I take it to be a canton on 
the ? Baker, when it would be " Arg! a chev. betw. 3 crows 
sa., each bearing in the beak an ermine spot " (Lloyd). The 
Rev. Thomas Baker, vicar of Bibury, married Mary Lloyd, 
and his son was surnamed Lloyd Baker.] 
[BALDINGTON.] Todington. On five atchments. (i) 2 and 3,, 
quartering of Tracy, 1758: " Arg. on a 
bend sa. betw. 3 pellets, 3 roses of the 

ist," [This is a wrong reading. It is "On a chev.," 

not "bend." Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 165, says "Henry Tracy, 
of Tuddington, married Allice, d. and coheire of Thomas 
Baldington."] (2) 2 and 3, quartering of Tracy, impaling 
Packington, 1751 : " Arg. on a chev. betw. 3 mullets, 
sa., 3 mullets of the first." [I can only conjecture this is 
actually meant for the real blazon.] (3) 2 and 3, quartering 
of Tracy, impaling Devereux. The right blazon. (4) The 
same as (2). (5) The same as (2), impaling dimidiated coats 
of Devereux and Leigh. 

BALDWIN. Twining. " Arg. a saltire sa.," 1668. Crest : 

A heathcock, wings expanded, ducally gorged 
and chained or. [I cannot find this crest. 
It is rather uncommon to chain a bird ; perhaps a cocka- 
trice. One of the Baldwin crests.] 

BALL. Stonehouse. Quarterly with Smyth (Smith). 

I and 4: "Arg. a lion ramp. sa. holding in 
his dex. paw a fireball ppr.," 1729. [Glos. 

Vis., 1682 : Mary, heiress of Thomas Smith, married John 

Ball.] The same, impaling Query, 59. 

[BAMPFIELD.J Horton. Glass in church. " Or on a bend 
gu. 3 mullets pierced arg.," 

[BAMPTON.] Lechelade. "... billettee ... on a chief 
... 3 garbs. . . ." — — - [Monument says 
Bampton, 1765, .b\it I cannot find family or 



i6o Transactions for the Year 1905. 



coat. Rudder and Nayler say " chequy," but give no 
tinctures.] The same, 1773, impaling ? [Mason] . 
..[BANKS.] Redland Chapel^ Westhuvy- on-Trim. Impaled 

with [Backwell]. " Sa. a cross betw. 

4 fleur-de-lis or," 

BAN(N)ISTER. Ashchnrch. Cross moline. George, 1734 
[Rudder: " Arg. across patonce sa." ; now 
the cross is flory] , impaling [? Goodhind 
or Hicks], 1729. Staverton. "... a cross moline ... in 
chief 4 balls, 2 and 2, . . . 1627 " [a variation not in 
Armories; query, really "Within a bordure gu. bezanty"], 
impaling Query, 57. 

[BARENDES.] Cirencester. Third quartering of D'Anvers. 

[Given by Bigland in error as Popham.] 
3: " Gu. 2 bars or in chief 2 stags' heads 
cabosed of the second." Down Ampney. Second quartering 
of D'Anvers, also the same. Prinhiash. Seventh quartering 

of Dennis and second of D'Anvers. 7 " G (gu.) 2 

bars A (arg.) on a chief O (or) 3 stags' heads cabossed 
^ (gu-)'" [This is a different blazon, as there are three 
heads. I believe the first to be right in the number, but 
it generally appears with a chief argent on which the heads 
would be either gules or proper.] 

[BARES.] Tewkesbury. "... a bend 3 dolphins," 

[Flatstone says Martha Tristram. An 
adjoining stone is to the family of Bares. 

I read the coat as "On a bend." The latter bore: "Arg. 

on a bend sa. 3 dolphins naiant or," so it is most probably 

Martha's maiden name.] 

BARFORD. Coherley. " Arg. semee of crosses croslets 

3 fleurs-de-lis sa.," 1717, impaled with 
Castleman ; also impaled with Horde. 

[Mary, d. of Jonathan and Alice Barford, married first 

Paul Castleman, and secondly Tho. Horde of Coat, Oxon. 

According to Glos. Vis., 1682, she was an heiress, so her 

coat should have been an escut. of pret.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



i6i 



BARIATINSKY. Shevhovne. Blazon not given, impaling 
Button, 1807. ' [G. E. C. has sent me 
Rietstap's blazon : " Princes, Russia." 

Parti: (per pale) an i, D'or a I'aigle de sa." ; an 2, " De 

gu a un angl d'arg. tenant u-ne epee flamboyante de 

meme." Ensigned with Prince's coronet.] 

[BARKEE.] Ashchuvch. " Az. 5 escallops in cross or," 

Crest : On. a rock arg. (now on 

mantling, but someway above shield), a 

falcon close or. Robert, 1671. 

BARKER. Faiffovd. Atchievements. Blazon as last. 

I : With escut. of pret. [Hibbert] ; 2 : 
Quarterly i and 4, with Goldstone and 

Tytteley. Bannerols. i. Impaling Query, 24 ; 2, 

impaling [Delves]. 

BA{E)RKE- Cirencester, " Az. a cbev. betw. ^ crescents 

or. Eleventh quartering 01 D Anvers. 
[Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 300: 

Sir Edward StradHng married WentUian, d. of Sir Roger B.] 

:BARKLEY, or Cirencester. In N. aisle. Fourth shield. 
BERKELEY.] ^ , . , .-^^ x , 

Quarterly with (Darell) and (Chandos) : 

" (Arg.) a fess betw. 3 martlets (sa.)," 

Barkley. Stroud. One on each of two shields, the third 
quartering of Bridges. Coherley. Third quartering of 
Bruges, impaling Baynham, also the same, 1330. Cirencester. 
Second shield of about 1673. Entered as Bruges in error. 
[? BARNARD ] Woodchester. Impaled with Smith, 1757: 

" . . . a bear ramp, muzzled," Mary, 

1762. 

BARN(E)SLEY, Bromeshervow. Second atchievement. Escut. 

of pret. on Yate : " Sa. a cross betw. 4 
roses arg." [John Yate, ob. 1749, married 
Jane Barnesley, ob. 1748, and reHct of John Vanham.] 
Kingscote. Plate. 2 and 3, quartering of Kingscote ; the 
roses are barbed and seeded. [G/os. Vis., 1682, p. 104: 
William Kingscote, ob. 1731, married Catherine, dau. of 
• . . Barnesley.] 



i62 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



[? BARON.] Withington. Fourth atchment. Impaled 

with Feilding ; " Sa. 3 estoiles arg., with 
a crescent for difference, within a bord. 

engr. or," [Papworth says Baron.] 

[? BARRON.] Little Dean. Monument says George Barron,. 

1707. [But I think it is the next following, 
though very likely that is a mistake for 
Barrow.] 

[^BARROW.] Little Deane. " Mullet and in chief 2 

crescents," [Burke's Armory, 1884, 

p. 53, says in Banqueting Room, Iron- 
monger's Hall : " Az. in dexter chief an increscent, in 
sinister a decrescent, and in base a mullet or."] 
[BARRON.] Moreton Valence. "... on a chief . . . 

2 crescents . . ." [Monument says 

Barron and 1770 and 1754.] 
BARROW. Minsterworth. " Arg. three bears' heads 

erased sa. muzzled or, (on) a chief az. the 
arms of Ulster," 1789. Sir Charles B., Bart. 
[? BARROW.] Miserden. Eleventh quartering of Sandys: 
"Arg. 3 bears' heads erased sa. muzzled or," 

[But I cannot find marriage.] 

? BARNS. Whittington. Impaled with Ingram, 1670: 

" Barry of 10 arg. and az., over all a lion 
ramp, gu." [Monument says Margaret 
Ingram married first Antony B., but this is a male Ingram 
marrying what is really Stratford coat ; so as the date is 
James I. her father's death, and he married Abigail . . . 
that Abigail was a Stratford. There is a James in brackets, 
but no marriage in Wore, Vis., 1569.] 

BASKERVILLE. Dyvham. MS. of John Smith, of Nibley; 

query in church in 1607. i, Dennys 
quartering: "Arg. a chev. gu. betw. 3 
roundlets az. (hurts)." Maysemore. Escut. of pret. on Pitt, 
third quartering of Pembruge, 1784. [I cannot find any Pitt 
or Pytts marriage with a Pembruge. Baskerville really brought 
in Pembruge. Possibly there has been a second marriage.] 



* 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



•[BASSET.] Eastington, On two shields the fifth and 

on lozenge shield the sixth quartering of 
Knevet: "Paly of 6 (or and gu.) within 

bord. (az.) bezanty," [In Aubrey and Jackson's Wilts. ^ 

plate xvii., No. 301, it is the setfbnd quartering.'! 
[BASTON.] Dymock, 2 and 3, quartering of Machen, 

1760: "(Arg.) three holly leaves {Glos. Vis.^ 

1623, p. 106), sa. (may be azure)," — 

■[The true Bast on, or Batson, bear bats' wings, so holly 
leaves are most probably a wrong reading. Christian, 
d. and coh. of . . . Baston, of Swell, co. Glos., married 
Thomas Machin.] 

BATES. MicUeton. In window. (No blazon given.) 

Impaled with Graves. [Monument, Rudder, 
547, says Richard Graves, ob. 1669, married 
Eleanor, ob. 1656, as his first wife. She was d. and h. of 
Thomas Bates, gent., so this ought to have been an escut. of 
pret.] Third quartering of Graves, 1616 : '* Sa. a fess engr. 
(? indented) arg. betw. 3 dexter hands couped (bendways) 
or," and third shield on dexter side of monument with the 
hands bendways, 

BATESON. Bourton-on-the-Hill. Quarterly i and 4: 

" Arg. 3 bats' wings erect sa. on a cheif 
(sic) gu., a lion pass, of the field," 1736. 

Campden. Impaled with Fletcher, Elizabeth, 1709. \_Glos, 

Vis., 1682, p. 14 : Elizabeth married Nicholas Fletcher, of 

Campden, Glouc] 

BATSON, REALLY Sjiowshill. Same arms, impaled with 

BATESON. ^ rr, AA c 

bAMBACH, 1743. [Kuader, p. 671, monu- 
ment says "Ann, third d. of William 

Batson, of Bourton-on-the-Hill." In Batteson ped., Glos. 

Vis., 1682, there is an Anne entered as 9, but there are 

■only two daughters before her, and her marriage is not 

given.] 

BATHURST. Civencestev. Quarterly i and 4: "Diamond 
(sa.), two bars, erm. in chief 3 crosses patty 
topaz (or)," 1775, Allen, Earl Bathurst. 
13 

Vol. XXVIII. 



164 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Lechelade. With inescutcheon of Ulster, 1674, ^.Iso 1692^ 
impaling [Oatridge] , and with crest, a horse pass. (On a 
mount vert a browne horse statant), also 1726, impaling 
Small, 1748, and 1765, impaling Coxeter, 1788. Quarterly 
2 and 3, of Coxeter, 1699, and impaled with [? Cooke]. 
Saperton. Arms, 1777. Lower Siddington. 1767, with escut. 
of pret. Todington. Impaled with Leigh. Sixth atchment, 
also impaled with Leigh, 1792. [I think these last should 
be Tracy, not Leigh, as Thomas Charles, 6th Viscount 
and Baron Tracy of Rathcoole (G. E. C, vii. 420-1), 
married, 1755, Harriet, d. of Peter Bathurst, of Clarendon 
Park, CO. Wilts. He died 1792.] 

BATTENT, Cirencester. Thirteenth quartering of 

REALLY 

[BAVENT.] D'Anvers : " Arg. a chief indented sa." 

[Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 300,. 
Probably brought in by Dauntsey.] 

[BAUGH.] Tewkesbury, In lozenge shield. "A fess 

vair betw. 3 mullets," 1678. Gu. 

a fess vair betw. 3 mullets arg."] 

BAUGH. Twining. As last in brackets. 1628. Crest : 

On a ducal coronet or a talbot sejant sa., 
also 1682, and impaling Roberts, 1670. 
[Metcalfe's Wove. Vis., 1682, p. 11 : Richard B., of Twining, 
ob. 1682, married Alice, d. and cob. of John Roberts, of 
Fiddington, co. Glouc. Query should be escut. of pret.] 
BAYLIS. Rodboroitgh. "... a chev. betw. 2 trees 

in chief ... a lamb in base . . ." 1754. 
[Robson says " Erm. a chev. az. betw. 
two bay trees eradicated and fructed, in chief ppr., in base ♦ 
a lamb arg. resting its dexter foot on a roll of cloth 
gu."] Crest : A tree within park pales. [Really, Out of 
an Eastern coronet or, charged on the band with an 
auricula flower, a bay tree fructed, all ppr."] Winchcomhe, 
" Gu. on a bend engr. or betw. 2 castles or, 3 trees ppr.," 
1825. [I cannot find this. Nayler only gives the first.] 
Crest : Arm embowed sa. holding a javelin or. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



[BAYLIS.] Westerleigh. " Or on a cross az. betw. 4 
ermine spots sa. 5 mulletts (estoiles) arg." 
, i860. [Papworth says Baylis, London; 

granted 1725.] Crest : A cock arg. legged and beaked sa. 

[Not the usual one.] 

BAYLY. Fretherne. In a lozenge shield, an escut. 

of pret.: "Per pale . . . and . . ." impaling 
ScuDAMORE, 1702. [Really, Gu. an 
inescutcheon per pale arg. and az." See Nayler : William 
B. married Radegund, eld. d. of John S., of Kentchard 
[Kenchurch] , co. Hereford] . Sandhurst . As in brackets 
? 1697, impaling Parsons. [Glos. Vis., 1682 : William B., 
of Fretherne, marjied secondly Mary, d. of Richard P., 
LL.D., Chancellor of Glouc] Wmterhoiivn. "Arg. 3 tor- 
teaux, and on a chief gu. a mullett . . . (for difference)," 
1726. Crest : Out of a ducal coronet (or) a horse's head 
(arg.) [Papworth and Fairbairn say Bayley, of co. Herts.] 
BAYNHAM. Atire. Crest in Bledistow House: Demi 
savage tenne, or tawney coloured, holding 
in his right hand a club cleft at one ' end 
and in his left a flambeau ppr. [B.'s crest is a bull's head 
couped at neck or, so this most likely belongs to some 
other family.] Coherley. Impaled quarterly with Bruges, 
? 1511. I : " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 bulls' heads affronte arg." 
Dean Michel (Micheldean), impaled with [? Deane]. [Query 
here intended for the marriage of Baynham's ancestor 
(Raff ap Eignon), who bore Baynham coat ; but then it 
would be reversed, which is possible, seeing the shield is 
in the window.] First of three shields. Arms as before. 
Third of three shields. Quarterly i and 4 with [Deane], 
and impaling ? Greyndour. [Thomas B., 1444, married 
secondly Alice, d. of Will. Walwyn.] Fretherne Lodge. 
Parlour window. Second shield. First of quarterly as 
before. Minchin Hampton. The heads are " Cabossed arg. 
and armed or," impaling Freame, 1632. \_Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 64 : Joseph, son of Joseph B., of Westbury, married 
Alice, fourth d. of Robert Freame.] Preston-upon-Avon. 



i66 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Ninth shield in window. Quarterly of four. i : The 
chevron is " or," and it is named ? Bullock [but it is 
really Baynham, as the rest of the quarterings show]. 
King's Stanley, Impaled with Clutterbuck, 1655. [Rudder, 
p. 684, gives the inscription, and says Dorcas, but Glos. 
Vis., 1623, p. 15, says Dorothy B. married William Clutter- 
buck, of King's Stanley.] Wotton-undev-Edge. First of 
quarterly of 12, 1667, impaled with Clutterbuck, quarterly. 
[This would be the last marriage. Not given in Rudder, 
being the memorial to Dorcas or Dorothy Baynham.] 
BEALE. Duffield. 2 and 3, quartering of Hanger 

(Lord Coleraine) : Sa. on a chev. or betw. 

3 griffins' heads erased arg. as many estoiles 
gu." [Gabriel Hanger's (G. E. C, ii. 330) father married 
Anne, d. and coh. of Sir John Beale, Bart., of Farningham, 
Kent.] Eastington, The same arms, impaling St. Barb(e). 
[Robert B., of Priors Marston, co. Warwick, married Edith, 
d. of Henry St. Barbe.] The same arms, 1632, impaled 
with Stephens. [Catherine B., d. of Robert B., Clerk of 
the Council to Queen Elizabeth.] Gutting Temple. Without 
tinctures. [John B., 1774, and Mary his wife, d. and h. of 
Tho. Robbins, of Mangersbury, so there ought to have been 
an escut. of pret. as well, and John B., jr., 1774.] Newent. 
Quarterly i, without tinctures, 1713, " Mullets pierced." 
[Nayler and Rudder, p. 565, give the tinctures of this coat 
quite different, but in both the mullets are not "pierced " : " Or 
on a chev. sa. betw. 3 griffins' heads erased gu., 3 mullets arg." 
This is not in v4n;wn>s.] Salpevton. Escut. of pret. on Browne, 
1782. The same as in Duffield, but the heads are " Collared 
gu. and the estoiles are sa." quartering, Query, 50. 
[BEALE.] Newent. On lozenge shield. 1769 The 

same as Newent before, only no tinctures, 

and mullets not pierced. Sarah, d. of 
Thomas B., Esq. 

IB^KRFKCK^R.] Marshfield. First of two shields, 1715: 
"A lion pass. betw. 3 cross croslets fitchee." 
[Rudder, 540, gives the field as azure," 



♦ 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



167 



but no metal for the rest ; Nayler, the charges as argent '' ; 
but both give the crosses as "pattee fitchee." In 1903 it had 
a crest, query a bear or ram, perhaps goat or buck defaced. 
The second : "... a chev. . . . betw. 3 croslets fitchee 
. . . ." [In 1903: " Az. a chev.' betw. 3 crosses croslet 
fitchee arg.," query (Reynolds). In 1903 there was also a 
third shield : " ? Az. a chev. betw. 3 annulets arg.," query 
Dobyns.] 

[BEAUBOYS.] Lassborough. 2 and 3, quartering of Estcourt, 
1624 : " Sa. a fess betw. 3 eagles' heads 

erased or," [G^s. Vis., 1623, and 

Rudder, 654, say falcons.] Shipton Moyne. Second and 
third of three shields. 2 and 3, quartering of Estcourt. 
Bigland says Goddard, but the quartering is too old for that 
marriage. Also the same quartering, impaled with Hodges, 
1696, and impaling [Ascough]. [This quartering came in, 
according to Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 56, with the marriage of 
John de la Estcourt with Alicia, Bigland on monument 
Isabel, heir of Jo. de Bello Bosco, alias Beauboys, alias 
ffairwood, in Dorset, and of Beauboys Court, in Shipton 
Moigne. Hutchins says the Beauboys held half a knight's 
fee in Lidlinch in Edw. III., but Fairwood, or Verwood, he 
gives as a hamlet of Cranborne.] 

BEAUCHAMP. Berkeley. Fifteenth shield on chancel screen. 

" Quarterly, or and gu. a bend of the 
last." Baron of Bedford. Cheltenham. At- 
chievement of Lygon, seventh quartering : " Gu. a fess 
betw. 6 martlets or." [Wore. Vis., 1569, p. 90: Richard 
Lygon, 26 H. 6, married Anne, d. and coh. to Rich. B., 
of Powike.] East Leche St. Martin, or Biirthorpe. Second 
shield of illustration. Impaled with [Wysham], and on 
tomb, Wysham. " (Gu.) a fess betw. 6 billets 3 2.1. 
(or)." [Beauchamp of Holt. In Glos. Vis., 1623, this is 
the second, in 1682 the third quartering of Guise. Mar- 
garet, d. and h. of John Beauchamp, of Holt, married 
Sir John Wysham, therefore the marshalling of 1682 is 
m.ost correct.] Elmore. B. of Holte. Third quartering 



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Transactions for the Year 1905. 



of Guise as in 1682 ; also Guise, 1642 ; and corner shield 
of tomb, 1489. B. is the second quartering as in 1623 
Vis.; but it was Alice, d. and h. of Sir John Wysham, Knt., 
that married John Guise, therefore B. should be the third 
quarter. Faivfovd. On shield on tower. Staff and fetter- 
lock of B. Guiting Temple House, note in Hayles. Third 
quartering of Seymour, impaled with Henry VIII. 3 : 
*'Vaire arg. and az." [Really " vair." Cicely, d. and coh. 
of John B., of Hache, co. Somerset, married first Sir Roger 
St. Maur.] Mangotsfield. On stone shield outside W. 
doorway. Fourth quartering of Blount, as the last. \_Glos. 
Vis., 1623, p. 22, says Walter Blount, of . . . co. Warwick, 
married Ellenor, d. and h. of William Lord Beauchamp, of 
Hach.] Child's Wickham. Impaled on glass. [What with?] 

" Gu. a fess betw. 6 cross croslets or." 
[BEAUCHAMP.] [Beauchamps, of co. Glouc] Bevkeley. 

Sixth quartering of Berkeley, and Baron 
of Bedford's arms, as first before. Campden. Third quartering 
of [Grevile], brought in by [Willoughby]. 3 : (" Arg. 
a fess betw. 6 crosses croslet.") Really the same as in 
Child's Wickham. Ebvington. Fifth quartering of Fortescue ; 
no tinctures. The same as the last. 

BEAUFORT. Badminton. Pavement of church. Arms and 
supporters, but no blazon. In Garter, 17 14. 
Quarterly : " France and England within a 
bordure compone pearl (arg.) and sapphire (az.) " ; the same 
impaling Noel, 1709. [Henry Somerset, second Duke, 
married secondly Lad}^ Rachel, second d. and coh. of 
Wriothesley Baptist Noel, Earl of Gainsborough.] Impaling, 
1756, Berkeley. [Charles Noel Somerset married Elizabeth, 
d. of John Berkeley, of Stoke Gifford.] Impaling Capel. 
[Henry B. married Mary, widow of Henry Lord Beau- 
champ.] Beaufort arms, supporters and crest, but no blazon. 
Berkeley, Nineteenth shield on chancel screen, but no 
blazon. Toymarton. Arms, with ducal coronet Supporters: 
[Dexter, "a panther arg., semee of torteaux, hurts and 
pomeis alternately, flames issuant from mouth and ears 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



169 



ppr., collared and chained or " ; Sinister, " a wyvern wings 
addorsed vert., holding in mouth a sinister hand couped 
gu." ; and motto, " Mutare vel timere sperno "] with a 
difference for a younger son, 1851. 

BEAUMONT. Blockley, in co. Worcester. Impaled with 
Croft, 1706: *'Az. seme of fleur-de-lis 
a lion ramp, guard, or," 1711. [Edward 

Croft, of Northwick, married Jane B.] 

BEAUPENY. Frampton- on- Severn. Ninth quartering of 
Bell, 1757: " Arg. a chev. sa. in chief 

2 crosses patty, in base a saltire of the 
second." [They were a Somersetshire family, and I 
imagine are those called by Collinson Beaupine, and 
owners in North Petherton ; but I cannot trace their 
connection with Bell, possibly though Clutterbuck.] 
BEDFORD. Sodhury, Old. Quarterly t and 4 : ''Gu. 

a chev. betw. 3 quaterfoils or," 1717. 
[The monument and arms are given in 
Rudder, 679.] 

BEDGBERIE. Misevden. Fifth quartering of Sandys : 
" Arg. on a bendj, sa. 3 martlets or." 
[Comes in with Culpeper. John Cole- 

peper, mil., ob. 1480, married Agnes, d. and h. — Philipott 

says sister — of John Bedgebery de Bedgebery, in Goudherst, 

CO. Kent.] 

BEDINGFIELD. Bishops Cleeve. " Erm. eagle displ. gu. 

armed or," 1695. [Edmund B. was 
rector.] 

BEDWELL. Fairford. Churchyard. " Per saltire erm. 

and lozengy or and gu." [Elizabeth, wife 

of Thomas B., of Furzy Hill, 1740.] 
[BEDWELL.] Meysey Hampton. " Per saltire chequy and 

erm.," John B., 1766, and Anne his 

wife, 1753. 

BEE. Adlestrop. Impaled with Leigh. " . . . 

(quarterly or and gu.) on a bend (sa.) 

3 fleurs-de-lis . . . (arg.)," 1766, Oxford. 



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BEKE. # Matson. Manor House window. Fourth 

quartering of Ufford : " Gu. cross moline 
arg." [Comes in with Willoughby. AHce,. 

coh. of her father, John B., Lord of Eresby, married Sir 

William de Willoughby, co. Lincoln.] 

BELL. Fmmpton- on -Severn. Escut. of pret. on 

WiNCHcoMBE, with 12 quartcriugs. i : 
Arg. a chev. betw. 3 bells gu., charged, 
with 2 bars gemel of the field, on a chief of the second a 
Hawk's lure betw. 2 hawks of the field," 1757. [Burke's 
Landed Gentry, 1853, 66 s., says : " Anne, d. and coh. of 
William B., of Sainthurst, co. Glouc, by Catherine, heiress 
to her brothers, d. of William and Abigail Clutterbuck, of 
Frampton ; married Nathaniel Winchcombe.] 
BENNET. Charfield. ImpaHng Roach : " (Gu.) a 

bezant betw. 3 demi lions ];amp. (arg.)," 
Rev. Josiah B., 1756. 
PBENTICK. Preston-iipon-Avon. Quarterly i and 4, with 
Rokele, being 2 and 3 grand quarters of 
Brandon : " Az. a cross moline arg." 
[Really "or," [Bruyn] . Sir Morice Bruyn married Maude, 
d. and h. of Philip (!e la Rokell ; Sir William Brandon 
married Elizabeth, d. and h. of Sir Henry Bruyn.] 
BERESFORD. Sodbnry, Old. Second quartering of Bedford,, 
1717. 2 : "Arg. a bear sejeant sa. muzzled,, 
collared and chained or." 
BERKELEY. Arlingham. Second quartering of Yate, 
1738. 2 : " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 crosses 
patty arg." [The 3 is so given in the 
2 and 3 quartering of Yate, Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 191, but 
is not the usual. Margaret, d. and. coh. of John B., 
married John Yate.] The same in Yate, 1661. Bad- 
minton. Impaled with Beaufort, 1756 : " Ruby (gu.) a chev. 
erm. betw. 10 crosses patee pearl (arg.)." [See Beaufort, 
Badminton.] Berkeley Church. Illustration. Achievement : 
" Gu. a chev. betw. 10 crosses patty, 4.2.1.2. i, arg." 
Earl's coronet. Crest : Mitre charged with the arms ; 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



171 



supporters, two lions ramp, arg., the sinister, ducally 
crowned gu. collared and chained or. Motto : Dieu avec 
nous," 1788. Also two coats on effigies and another with 
a label of ? 3 points. Second shield on screen. First of 
quarterly of 12, as in illustration, ^mpaling Noel. [Charles 
B., Count of Berkeley, &c., 1710.] Bromeshevrow . Second 
atchievement. Second quartering of Yate with escut. of 
pret. ; third quartering of Yate, impaling Honywood. Cam^ 
Shield on tower. Cirencester. Sixth shield in N. aisle. 
Berkeley (no blazon), of Rendcombe, impaling FitzHugh 
and ? arms. Fifth quartering of D'Anvers, with " chevron 
ermine." Coaley, or Cowley. "A chevron defaced." Deer- 
hurst. Third quartering of Bruges, 1525. Down Amt>ney 
Church. First shield with "chevron ermine." B., of 
Stoke Gifford. [Sir John Hungerford, ob. 1635, niarried 
Mary B.] Dursley. On timber roof. Dyrham. MS. of 
John Smyth, of Nibley, Pin church in 1607. Third shield, 
impaled quarterly with Dennys quarterly. [Sir Will. Dennys 
married Anne, d. and coh. of James B., third son of Maurice, 
brother of William, Marquis B.] Frampton-ttpon- Severn. In 
window, but no blazon. Hardwicke. First shield, quarterly 
of four, William, Marquis of B. Fourth shield, impaled 
with Dennys, as before in Dyrham. Horsley. In window, 
church. First shield with " chev. erm.," B. of Uley. Rend- 
comh. Blazon with " chev. erm,, 1672. Crest: A mitre 
gu. charged with the arms. [Really, A mitre with labels or 
charged with the arms, whose field is gu.] Arms, 1690, 
impaling [Stratton], 1707. Two coats, 1690, impaling 
blank. Third of four shields, quarterly with Botetourt, 
impaling Jermye, quarterly. [There seems some confusion 
about this marriage. Monument, Rudder, 623, says Elenor 
Jermye married first Robert Roe, Esq., and secondly Sir 
Ry. ; (? Richard) Berkeley, Knt., and dyed 17 March, 1629. 
A Richard B. was knighted in 1574. Glos, Vis., 1682, begins 
the Berkeley of Rendcombe pedigree with Richard B., of 
Stoke, Esq., living 1623, married Mary, dau. {Elinor on the 
monument, widow) of Robert Roe. The arms prove the right 



172 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



marriage, but not which Berkeley it is. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 8, 
says Sir Robert B., of Stoke, Knt., married EUenor, d. of 
Jermy Antingham {i.e. of A., in co. Norfolk), having married 
first Robert Roe. It was her gd., Mary Roe, that married 
Richard Barkley, of Stoke and Rendcombe, but Rudder, 
p. 698, says Sir Richard B., knighted 1574, was the B. who 
married Eleanor Jermy, relict of Roe; if so, Glos. Vis., 1623, 
is wrong also.] Slinibvidge. First of two shields in glass. 
Blazon with " arg. chev." Stapleton. First of three atch- 
ments. Escut. of pret. on Somerset, quarterly, with " chev. 
erm.," and Botetourt. [G. E. C, i. 282 : Elizabeth, d. of 
John Symes B., sister and sole h. of Norborne, Lord 
Botetourt, married Charles Noel Somerset, 4th Duke of 
Beaufort.] Stake Giffavd. " Gu. a chev. erm. betw. 10 roses 
arg., 6 above, 4 below." Ancient ; B. impaling (? Roe). 
See under Rendcomb. B. impaling Throgmorton [Glos. 
Vis., 1623, p. 9 : Henry B., of Stoke, ob. 1607, married 
Meriell, d. of Thorn. Throgmorton, of Coughton] quarterly, 
with " chev. erm. and crosses," with Botetourt ; and 
motto : " Despicit quae vvlgus (vulgus) suspicit." Quarterly, 
as last, 1736, with escut. of pret., Norborne. [John Symes 
B. married secondly Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Walter N., 
CO. Wilts.] Stone. In aisle windows. " Chev. erm. with 
roses." Ancient, as first in Stoke Giffard, and B. modern. 
Thovnhuvy. On pillar with plain chev. Tihertoiu Third 
quartering of Yate, 1819: "Plain chev. and 10 crosses"; 
but he adds a note in brackets 4 in chief, rest lozengy "). 
[By this he means the crosses are placed in a lozenge form ; 
but this quartering in both Glos. Vis. is given as " A plain 
chev. betw. 3 crosses," a variation. See first B., under 
Arlingham.] Tovtwovth. Second shield, impaled with 
Th/Rokmorton : " Chev. erm. and 10 crosses." [Bigland 
says second wife ; but Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 163, says Sir 
Thomas Throkmorton, of Coss Court, m. to his 2 wife . . . 
d. of Sir Edward Rogers, married Ellen, d. of Sir Ric. 
Barkley, of com. Gloc. i wife.] Winterbonrn. West window. 
^' Gu. a chev. betw. 8 crosses patte or within border arg.," 



Heraldry of GLoucESTE'kSHiRE. 



173 



impaling [FitzHugh] and another B. ["Gu. a chev. betw. 
10 crosses patty within a bord. arg." is B., of Beverstone. 
Sir Maurice B., of that place, married Lora FitzHugh.] 
Wotton-undev-Edge. Arms, but no blazon. 
[BERKELEY.] Almondshuvy. TK'i'rd quartering of Veale, 
1577 : " A chev. betw. 7 crosses patty, 
4 and 3," Morice de B. Shipton Moyne. 
First of two coats, impaled with [Yate] : " Gu. a chev. 
betw. 3 crosses pattee or." [Bigland names this Sutton 
in error.] Wotton-undev-Edge. Ninth quartering of Bainham, 
brought in with Veel : "A chev. betw. 10 crosses." 
BERROW. Quedgley. " Arg. 3 bears' heads couped 

(Nayler, erased) sa. muzzled (or) and a 
chief az.," 1651, impaling [? Deighton]. 
Crest : A bull's head couped at the neck affronte. [_Glos. 
Vis., 1623, p. 18: "A sea-horse's head erased sa. bezantee, 
iinned or." Rudder, p. 613, says monument is to Richard 
B., son of Edmond and Eleanor, so he is the 4th son in 
the end of the pedigree ; but his marriage is not given, 
and Rudder only gives her Christian name as Angeletta. 
Papworth gives the Deightons as the only family with 
a coat like this.] 

BERTIE. Matson. Manor House window. 2: "Arg. 

3 battering rams barways ppr." [Brought 
in with Willoughby, as their h. Catherine 

married Richard Bertie, Esq.] 

BERWICKE. Clifford Chamhevs. Thirteenth quartering of 
Raynesford. [Oxford. p. 166: Richard 
Berwyke, of Berwyke Hall, married 

Margaret, d. and h. of William Shershall. Brought in 

with Wylcotts.] 

[BESFORD.] Pauntley. Fourth atchment. " Gu. a fess 
betw. 6 pears pendant or." [Bigland says 
? Souche, but I think this is really B.] 
Qiieinton. [The same coat, and attributed there to 
? Souche, but it is marshalled with Clopton. Alexander 
B.'s d. and coh. married Sir William Clopton.] 



174 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



BESSILLIES. Colne St. Aldwyns. Second quartering of 
Fettiplace: " Arg. 3 torteaux." [The 
marriage is earlier than the Visitations give, 
but the first Fettiplace is called Bessils F.] 
BETENSON. Matson. 1738, impaled with Selwyn, 1702 : 
" Gu. a fess within a bord. arg." [If this 
means the marriage of Albinia B., gd. of 
the first Baronet, with William Selwin, Esq. (sic), Col. 
of a regiment of Foot, and Governor of Jamaica — Burke's 
Extinct Baronetage — then it is not the right coat.'] 
[BETHELL.] Dodington. Impaled with Codrington, 
quarterly : " (Arg.) on a chev. betw. 3 
boars' heads couped (sa.) an estoile (or). ' 
[Bigland says Chapman, I suppose because monument 
says Mrs. Dorothy Chapman, 1712, sister of the Hon. 
Will. Codrington, Esq. I cannot find her in Codrington 
pedigrees, but the coat belongs to Sir Will. Codrington, 
the first Baronet, who married Elizabeth, d. of William 
Bethell, Esq., of Swmdon, Yorkshire. In Glos. Tram., 
xxi. 336, she is said to be h. ; if so, the arms should be 
on an escut. of pret. Most probably then she is the d. 
of this marriage.] 

BETTS. Forthanipton. " (Sa.) on a bend cotised arg. 

3 cinquefoils (gu.)," impaling Collis, 1694. 

Richard B. married Alice, d. of John C. 
[BIGGS.] Bisley. Impaled with (Freame), 1659 : 

'* (Arg.) on a fess betw. 3 martlets (sa.) 

as many annulets or," \_Glos. Vis., 

1623 : William [ThohmasJ, the latter on monument, Freme 
married Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Brigs [Brigg], of . . . in 
com, Worster. Wore. Vis., 1569, p. 16, says Elizabeth Biggs 
married Thomas Freame, of Lippeat, co. Glos.] 
[BIGLAND.] Frontispieces and title-pages to I. and II. 

vols. Quarterly, and impaled with Garter 

King of Arms, i : " Az. two ears of Bigge 
erect slipped or." [Ralph Bigland married Anne, d. of 
John Wilkins, of Frocester, co. Glos., and was born Jan. 29^ 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 175 

171 1, and died March 27, 1784. It seems that as Anne was 
<i. and coh. of Richard Wilkins, her coat should have been 

on an escut. of pret.] Wheatenhurst. Im- 
BIGLAND. paling Fox: " Az. 2 ears of Big or," 1752. 

[Rudder, 815: George B., of Bigland, in 
the CO. of Lancaster, Esq., married Mary, only d. of John 
Fox, of Whitehaven, co. Cumberland.] 

BIGOT. Cirencester. Second shield of first com- 

partment. Second quarter of Richard 
Plantagenet, Duke of York : " Gu. a 
cross or." 

[BILLINGSLEY.] Preston-tipon-Avon. Tenth shield in window. 

Quarterly i, " Arg. on a cross sa. voided 

of the field, 5 estoiles of the second betw. 
4 lions ramp, sa." [2 is blank ; 3 and 4, " Gu. a fleur- 

de-lis a canton or," Clarke. This last is an error for 
Billingsley, as the glass has been reset wrongly. The shield 
should be i and 4, the 3 and 4 Clarke, and 2 and 3 the first.] 
? [BINGHAM.] Todington. Eighth atchment. Leigh, with 

escut. of pret. : " Per pale or and gu. 

2 lions ramp, addorsed counterchanged," 

[Papworth gives this as Blayney, but I think this 

must be intended for the mother of Jane, who married 
Tracy, as Sir Thomas Leigh married Anne, d. and sole 
li. of Richard Bingham, of Lambeth, Surrey. One of the 
Binghams bore " Per pale arg. and sa. a lion ramp, or 
armed gu."] 

BISS. Frampton Cottevel. " Sa. 3 escallops in 

pale arg.," i6g6, impaling Symes, 1704. 

[Edward B. married Jane, d. of Henry S.] 
Oxenhall. The same, 1695, impaling Seymour. 
? BLACKET. Icomhj in Westcote. Quarterly i and 4 : 

"... a bend betw. 6 trefoils fitche (!) 

slipped vert " for B., 1431. [The true 
coat as given in the 24 quartering of Foliot, Wore. Vis., 
^569* P* 53» " Az. a bend cotised betw. 6 crosses 
croslet fitchee or."] 



176 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



BLACKMISTER. Cirencester. Eighteenth quartering of 
D'Anvers : " Arg. fretty gu." 

[BLANCH- Cheltenham. The same. Fourth quartering 

MINSTER.] . ^ r-o- 1 J • T ■ 

01 J^YGON. [Bigland gives this as 

Harfleet. In the D'Anvers quartering 
it comes in with Coleshull and Huyshe, as the heiress 
of Sir Ralph B. married Sir Richard Huyshe.] 
BLACKWELL. Minchin Hampton. " Paly of six (arg. and 

az.) on a chief (gu.) a lion pass, guard. 

or," 1749-50, impaling Webb, 1749. 
[This family must be allied to the extinct baronets, as 
the arms of the B.'s, of Amney Crucis, are quite 
different.] 

BLAGDEN. Wotton-imder-Edge. Impaling Adey, 1761 : 

" Az. 3 trefoils slipt arg. on a chief 
dancette (indented) or, 3 annulets gu." 
The same, 1742, impaled v^ith Osborne, 1749. [Rudder, 
852 : Richard Osborne, of Wortley, married Sarah 
(Blagden).] The same, 1761, impaled with Adey, 1752. 
[Rudder, 851, gives two shields: i, Daniel Adey, 1752, 
impaling Elizabeth (Blagden), 1717 ; 2, Mary Blagden, 
d. of Daniel Adey, widow, impaling Adey, 1761, so there 
were two marriages in the same families. Nayler gives 
B., of Wotton-under-Edge, as " Sa. three trefoils slipped, 
2 and I arg., on a ' chief of the last indented as many 
annulets gu." But I think Bigland is right.] 
[BLAGDEN.] JJley. Impaled with Gyde, 1743: " Sa. 

3 cinquefoils slipped arg. on a chief in- 
dented or 3 amulets (gu.)," [I cannot 

find the marriage, but the "cinquefoils" are a small mis- 
reading.] 

[? BLAGRAVE.] Ampney Criicis. Impaled with Swithin Adee : 

•'On a bend 3 greaves," IVTaria, 1729. 

["Or on a bend sa. 3 leg harnesses arg.," is 

Blagrave. I cannot find marriage, but the Blagraves were 

of Down Ampney.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



177 



[BLANCH.] Awre. Nayler says " (Az.) buck's head 

caboshed (arg.)," , 1712. Crest : Demi 

lion. [Fairbairn says " A leopard's head 
gardant erased gu."] 

BLATHWAYTE. Dyvham. Quartering Wynter : "(Or) two 
bendlets engr. (sa.)" [William B., ob. i6gi, 
married Mary, d. and h. of John Wynter, of 

Dyrham Park.] Same arms, impaling [Clarke]. I cannot 

find this marriage. 

BLATHWAIT. Henhuvy. Same as last, 1717, impaled with 
Southwell, 1730. [Anne, d. of William B. 
and Mary Wynter, married Edward, s. of 

Sir R. Southwell; second wife.] 

BLOMER. Cheltenham. " (Gu.) on an inescutcheon 

(arg.) a lion ramp, (of the field)," 1720. 
[Frances, d. of Henry B., of Cowley.] 
Hathevop. Same arms, but " Within a bordure of the second 
(generally erm.)," 1640, impaling Browne, 1657. [Monu- 
ment, Rudder, 481, says John B. married Frances, d. of 
Anthony (Browne), Viscount Montacute. Most probably the 
seconr' Viscount, but she does not appear in the Extinct 
Peerage.'] Same arms, 1685-6. [The last's two sons, John 
and William.] The same, impaling Browne, no date ; and 
the same arms, but no dace. Escut. of pret. on Webb, 1709. 
The same arms, as well as impaled with the Webb, 
having the bordure erm. [This is curious marshalling, 
as the escut. of pret. is quite enough to show the marriage. 
Mary, d. of John B. and Frances Browne, married secondly 
Sir John Webb, Bart., of Canford, Dorset.] 
BLOUNT. Mangotsfield. On effigy. "Arg. 2 bars az. 

an escarbuncle of 8 rays gu. pomettee and 
florette or," B., of Bitton. Two quartered 
shields outside W. doorway, (i) Quarterly i, as the last; 
2, two bars, ? nebuly. Really, " Barry nebuly of 6 or and 
sa.," Blount, ancient. (2) Blount, as on effigy. Thornhury. 
First atchment. Impaled with Howard. Quarterly i and 4, 
the " barry nebuly of 6 " above. 



178 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



[BLOUNT.] Cirencester. Fifth shield in N. aisle. "Barry, 

over all an escarbuncle," impaled with 

[? Brandon]. 

BLUNDEVILLE. Berkeley. Seventh shield on screen. "Az. 
[BLUNDEVILLE.Jthree garbs or." Ninth quartering of 

Berkeley. The same, but not named. 
BLYKE. BucUand. Atchievement. Sixth quartering 

of BoTTEViLLE, dUas Thynne : " Sa. a chev. 

betw. 5 leopards' faces arg." After which 
is put in brackets " all Shropshire families." [Brought in 
with [Heynes] and Gatacre. Shropshire Vis., p. 235 : Humfry 
G. married Eleanor, d. and h. of Richard B.] 
BOEVEY. Flaxley. " Erm. a bend per bend gu. and 

sa., charged with 2 (generally 3) guties d'or 

betw. 3 Cornish choughs (generally martlets) 
of the third," William B., 1617, impaling Riches. [He 
married Catherine, d. of John R., Esq., of London.] The 
same [for Catherine but put over Abraham Clarke, instead 
of under the last.] 

DE BOHUN. Eastington. Ninth quartering of Knevet : 
" Az. a bend cottised betw. 6 lioncels ramp, 
or." [After which comes " with othes 
effaced."] 

BOLEYN. Berkeley. Twelfth shield on screen. ^'Arg. 

a chev. gu. betw. 3 bulls' heads couped sa." 
BOND. Driffield. Escut. of pret. on Hanger, 1773. 

Quarterly i and 4 : "Arg, a chev. az. betw. 

3 demi lions ramp, gu.," 1780. [Really, 
^' Arg. on a chev. betw. 3 demi lions ramp, couped gu., as 
many bugle horns stringed or," Elizabeth, Lady Coleraine, 
d. and h. of Richard B., of Cowbury in Walford, Hereford- 
shire. Burke's Extinct Peerage, p. 674, says in error Clowbury, 
Herts.] Hewelsfield. "Arg. on a chev. sa., 3 bugle horns 
of the first, betw. 3 demi lions ramp, gu.," 1743. [Slight 
variation from the true.] Neudand. "Arg. on a chev. sa- 
betw. 3 demi lions ramp, (couped) gu., 3 bugle horns or," 
1668. [Rudder, Christopher B., but really no blazon. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



179 



Nayler gives the coat as this ; but Atkyns, " Arg. on a chev. 
7 plates," so there seems some doubt which is the correct 
one for the Newland Bonds.] Also ? the same as 1668, dated 
J731. Pitchcombe. As in Newland, 1668, dated 1729. Sher- 
borne. Impaled with Button, Sept., 1776. The same as 
Newland, 1668, and dated May, 1776. [James Lenox 
Naper assumed the arms and surname of Dutton ; married 
secondly Jane, d. of Christopher — Rudder, 651, Edmund — 
B., of Newland.] Standish. Second shield on Winstone 
monument restored : " Arg. on a chev. sa. 3 bezants, in 
chief a crescent gu.," first wife of Sir Henry Winston, 
Knt. \Bvirkes Extinct Baronetage says her name was Dronese ; 
Fosbrooke, i. 306, -Dennis.] 

BOSTOCK. Horton. Impaled with Paston, 1737: " Sa. 

a fess couped and a canton arg." Catherine, 
d. of Nathaniel B., married as his third wife 
John P. 

BOSWORTH. Tortworth. " Or a lion ramp. gu. collared 
arg.," 1785. ? Crest : Lion's head erased 
gu. [Fairbairn, A demi lion ramp, ppr.] 

BOTELER. Hardwicke. 2 and 3, quarters of Trye, but 
I and 4 quarterly with Park, impaling 
GoRNEY : ''Gu. 3 covered cups or." IGlos. 

Vis., 1623, 170: John B., of Lanniich, in Wales, married 

Beatrix, d. and h. of Will. Aparke, of Hardwike Court ; 

and John's gd. Elizabeth married John Try.] The same, 

quartered with, Trye, 1579. Longborongh. On bricks. No 

blazon. Arms of B., of Sudeley. 

[? BOTELER.] Badminton. " Lion ramp." '' Filius ejus 
Radulphus B. Miles Dominus." [I cannot 
think this can be a B. coat; more likely 
FitzAlan.] 

? BOTFLYE. Dyrham. Twelfth shield in M.S. of John 
Smith, of Nibley. " Lozengy gu. and erm." 
[I cannot find such a family. Papworth 

gives the coat as Hatton. Perhaps " Lozengy erm. and gu.," 

Rokeley.] 

14 

Vol. XXVIII. 



i8o Transactions for the Year 1905. 



BOT(T)REAUX. Dyrham. Eighth shield of M.S. of John 
Smith, of Nibley. "Arg. a griffin segreant 
gu." Down Ampney. Fourth quartering of 

Hungerford : " Arg. three toads erect sa." [ancient], and 

tenth quartering, the same as Dyrham. 

[BOTREAUX.] Clifton, Bristol. On parish church tower. 

Two shields. 2 : " An eagle displ." 
[Thought in Bristol and Glos. Transactions, 

ill. 122, to have been wrongly read for a griffin ; if so, 

as I is [Hungerford], it is most probably B.] 

BOTETOURT. Rendcomhe. 2 and 3, quartering of 
Berkeley : " Or a saltire engr. sa." 
Stapleton. The same on escut. of pret. 

Stoke Giffard. The same ; but the field is given as 

" arg." 

[BOTTETORT.] Eastington. Sixth quartering of Knevet: 

" Bendy of 6 a canton "... 

[Aubrey and Jackson's Wilts. : " Bendy 

of 6 az. and or a canton arg.," B., of Mendlesham, query 

FitzOtes.] 

BOTTEVILLE, Buckland. Atchievement. Quarterly i and 
alias THYNNE. ^ ^ . ^ - 

8 : " Barry 01 10 or and sa. 

BOURCHIER. Barnsley. Impaling Hulbert, 1762: " Az. 

a chev. or betw. 3 martlets arg., a crescent 

for difference," and impaling Brerkton, 
1691. [Brereton B. married Elizabeth, d. of Tho. Hulbert, 
of Corsham, Wilts., and William B., rector of Hatherop, 
married Sarah, d. of Robert Brereton, of Cirencester.] 
North Cerney. 2 and 3, quartering of Rich, 1647. [Anne, 
d. and coh. of Thomas B., of Barnsley, Esq., married 
Thomas Rich.] 
OURNE. Newent. Both Rudder and Nayler say, 

" (Sa.) a chev. (per pale or and arg.) 

betw. 3 griffins' heads erased (of the 
third)," 1679; also 1708, impaling [Godfrey]. [John B. 
married Dorothy G., of co. Kent, Glos. Vis., 1682 ; but 
the arms are given as " Arg. a chev. gu. betw. three 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



i8i 



lions ramp, sa." Salpevton. Impaled with Browne, 1788 : 
" Arg. a castle gu., standing on a mount barry wavy arg. 
and sa., on a chief of the last a sun between 2 estoiles of 

the first," First wife, 1758. [Really, "Arg. on a 

mount vert standing on 4 bars w^vy of the first, and az. 
a tower triple towered gu,, on a chief of the fourth a 
sun betw. 2 estoiles or."] 2 and 3, quartering of Browne^ 
1782, with escut. of pret., Beale and Query, 50. 
BOUVERIE. Gutting Temple. Impaled with Talbot, 
1785: "Per fess or and arg., an eagle 
displ. with two heads sa., on the breast 
an escutcheon gu. charged with a bend vaire." [Really, 
" vair."] [Anne B., eldest d. of Jacob, Visct. Folkestone, 
married the Hon. Rev. George Talbot, D.D., third son 
of Charles Talbot, Lord Chancellor.] 

BOWLES. Westhiry -on-Trim. " (Az.) 3 standing bowles 

(or cups), out of each a boar's head coupt 
(or)," 1757, impaling ?♦ [Young], Crest: 

A demi boar . . . (az. armed, hoofed and bristled or), pierced 

through the chest with an arrow (of the second headed arg.). 

[I cannot find marriage.] 

[BOWLES.] In pale ii. [Symes, 1838], impaling " Az. 

3 boars' heads couped," , 1840. [Symes 

monument says he married a Bowles.] 
BOX. Aflingham. Third quarter of Yate, 1738: 

" Gu. a buck's head caboshed or." [Glos. 

Vis., 1682, says Walter Yate, of ErHngham, 
CO. Glouc, married Joan, dau. and heir of John de B.] Also 
third quarter of Richard Yate, 1661. Bromesberrow. Second 
atchievement. Third quarter of [John Yate, ob. 1749, as 
it has escut. of pret., Barnesley] ; also third atchievement 
and fourth atchievement, where it is fourth quartering of 
DoBYNS impaling Honywood. [Robert Gorges Dobyns 
Yate, 1785, married Annabella Christiana, d. of William 
Honywood, co. Kent.] Third quartering of Yate, 1690, 
impaling Wall. [Ricius Yate married Catherine, d. of 
Thomas Wall, of Leutridge.] Fourth quartering of Yate> 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



1766, impaling Gorges. Tihevton. Fourth 
[BOX.J quartering of [Yate, 1819]. The buck's 

head is arg., Shipton Moyne. Escut. 

of pret. on second shield of Estcourt, dimidiated coat of 
[Yate], and in base a buck's head cabossed of the second 

(or), impaling two coats [so most probably a real 

quartering], 

[BOYCE.J Stmtton. Impaling Query, 60: "A griffin 

ramp, bordure." [Really, "Or a griffin 
segreant sa. within a bord. gu.," 1823.] 

[? BOYNTON ] Dufsley. See Adey. [Rudder says Henry 
A., 1734, impales " Gu. a fess betw. 3 
crescents or."] 

BRABAZON. Jjley. Atchment. Impaled with Snell : 
" Gu. on a bend or 3 martlets sa.," also 
the same, 1754- 

[PBRABOURNE.] ^e£/;r^. Impaled with Jordan: "A chev. 

betw. 3 leopards' faces." [The only one 
Jike it, " Arg. on a fess humetty 3 

leopards' faces or," Robert B. married Elizabeth . . . and 

their daughter married Samuel Jordan, 1699.] 

BRACEY. Cheltenham. Atchievement. Second quar- 

tering of Lygon : "Gu. a fess or in chief 
two mullets arg." [Wore. Vis.^ 1569 : 

Richard Lygon married, circa 1429, Janne, da. and coheire 

to Walter Bracy.] 

BRADFORD. Westhury-on-Trim. Tinctures in brackets : 
" (Argent) on a fess (sa.) 3 stags' heads 
erased or," 1765. Crest : A stag's head 
erased . . . (or). 

BRADLEY. Minchin Hampton. Impaled with Dallaway, 

1764 : "Or a fess az. betw. 3 round 
buckles gu.," 1765. Hatherop. Without 

tinctures, 1741- [Rebekah B., d. of William B., and 

sister of the Rev. Dr. B., Astronomer Royal, married 

John Dallaway, of Brimscombe.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



[BRAGGE.] Mangotsfield. Impaled with [Alle(y)n] : 

Or a chev. betw. 3 bulls' pass, sa.," 
1741. Upper Slaughter (Rudder's Eyford). 

Impaled with [Dolphin, quarterly with Howe]. No 

date. [I cannot prove these.] ^• 

[BRAINE.] Little Dean. Az. on a fess betw. 3 bugle 

horns stringed arg. a hemp hackle gu." 

Kitford B., senior, 1705. 

BRAIN. Dyrhani. Impaled with Wynter. Quar- 

terly T and 4: " Sa. on a fess betw. 
3 bugles (stringed) arg., a hempbrake 
gu." [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 206: George Winter, ob. 1581, 
married Anne, d. .and coh. of Henry Brayne. In the 
1623 Vis., p. 208, the field of B. is given "sable," but 
on the shield opposite it is tricked "azure." Rudder, 
p. 429, says "sable," and calls the hempbrake a " boitling 
stock or (false), with a boitle gu." Glos. Trans., vi. 296, 
it is "azure," and Atkyns' plates, "sable." Papworth 
gives both, so they may have made this variation ; but 
the majority are " sable."] 

BRAYNE. MicUeton. Tenth shield, or fifth, on sinister 

side of Graves monument, also 2 and 3 
quarterly with Morgan: "Arg. on a pale 
gu. 3 leopards' faces of the field, in the dex. chief an 
annulet." [Rudder, p. 547, monument, says Captain 
Thomas Morgan married Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Ja. B.^ 
gent., and their d. and coh., Elizabeth, married Richard 
Graves.] 

BRANCESTER. Cirencester. Second quartering of D'Anvers. 

[Named D' An vers, but reahy B. ; assumed 
by them.] 

BRANDON. Hardwicke. 2 and 3, quartering of ? Gorney^ 
impaled with Trye : " Barry of 8 arg. and 
gu., over all a lion ramp, or." [Glos. Vis., 
1623, 170 : John Gorney, of Lemington, co. Suffolk, married 
Catherine, cossen and coheire of Charles B.] Preston-upon- 
Avon. Eighth shield in windows. Within a K.G. garter. 



184 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Quarterly i and ?4 (broken): "Arg. 4 bars gu., over all 

a lion ramp, or crowned arg." See ? Bentick. 

? [BRANDON]. Cirencester. Fifth shield in N. aisle. Barry 
a lion ramp.," impaling ? (Blount). [Query 
the blazon, as I cannot find any marriage. 

Sir J. Maclean does not seem to mention this coat in Glos. 

Trans., xvii.] 

BRANSBY. Stinchconihe. Second quartering of Purnell. 

Really, Purnell Bransby Cooper, Esq. No 
blazon. [? "Arg. on a bend cotised sa. 

betw. 2 fleurs-de-lis gu. a lion pass, guard, or." The Rev. 

S. Cooper married Maria, d. and h. of James B., of Norfolk.] 

[BRAWNE.] Preston -upon -Avon. Fourth quartering of 
Mariet atchment : " Arg. 3 bars sa. on 
a canton or a griffin's (dragon's) head 

erased of the second," [Rudder, p. 608, says Thomas 

Marriott, Esqr,, of Preston, married one of the ds. and 

cohs. of Sir Richard B.] 

BRAY. Barvitigton Magna. Quarterly i and 4, grand- 

quarters ; but in each, quarterly i and 4, 
"Arg. a chev. betw. 3 eagles' legs a la quise 

sa.," and 2 and 3, " Vair 3 bendlets or" (really " gu."), 

Also [Bray]. Motto: "Quod tibi hoc alteri," Edmund and 
Frances B. Also impaled with [Stephens], 1692. [Bar- 
bara B. married James Stephens, ob. 1692.] 
[BRAY.] Pehworth. Escut. of pret. on [Martin]. 

Hatchment. "Arg. a chev. betw. 3 birds' 

legs, erased at the thigh, sa.," Tewkes- 

htiry. Second quartering of Martin. Same as first, only 
"legs erased a la guise." [I cannot find the marriage 
connecting these two last, so they may be intended for 
[Owen].] 

? BREAUS. Southam, Bishop's Cleeve. Third quartering 

on chimney-piece. " Az. a lion ramp., 
now langued gu. crusily arg.," B., of Gowr, 

[really, Kynardisley] and third shield on monument in 

church, "crusily" being "crosses croslet." 



i 



» Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 185 

[? BRERCH.] Tuvley and Haw. Impaling Query, 68. 

"... a chev. betw. 3 escollops," 

[Monument says B., 1681. I can find no 

such family. Can it be ? Breach ; if so, the "escollops" 

would be bugle horns.] f 

BRERETON. Bamsley. Impaled with Bourchier, which 
see. " Arg. 2 bars sa.," 1691. Charlton 
Kings, or Ashley, In a lozenge shield. 
Quarterly, i and 4, the same, with 2 and 3, Carrington, 
and in the centre a crescent gu. for diff. Theophilus B., 
1685, and Hester, 1707. Also quarterly B. and Carrington, 
1685. Cirencester. Seventh shield in the Jesus Chapel. The 
same. 

BRETT. Downe Hatherley. Two shields. First, " Gu. 

a fess dancetty arg. betw. 11" (generally 
10 or 12, Glos. Vis., 1682, 13) "billets or," 
George B., 1667. Second, the same, impaling Eyans 
(Haynes), 1696. [Henry Brett married Hester, the 
beautiful d. of Richard and Margaret Eyans, of Enstone, 
Oxfordshire; and of his parents, George, 1667, and Joyce, 
1662 [Coulton].] 

BREWERS' Preston-upon-Avon. Fourth shield in window. 
COMPANY. ^ „ ^ , , ^ • r u 1 

" Gu. on a chev. arg. betw. 3 pairs 01 barley 

garbs in saltire or, three tuns sa. hooped of 

the third." Crest : On a wreath a Moorish woman coupt 

at the knees ppr., her hair dishevelled or, habited sa. fretty 

arg. her arms extended, holding in each hand 3 ears of 

barley of the second. 

IBRICKENDEN.] Pauntley. First atchment, but with escut. 

of pret. Somerset. A marriage I cannot 
find. " Per chev. arg. and gu. 3 roses 

counterchanged, on a chief dancette (indented) sa. 3 

crescents arg.," 

BRIDG{E)MAN. Cirencester. Impaled with (Burgoyne), 
1674. "6 roundles, 3.2.1., and in chief 
lion pass. . . ." [B. has generally 10 

roundles, and is "on" not "in" chief; but Sir J. Maclean, 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Glos. Trans., xvii. p. 288, "on chief."] Little Dean. Now 
(1786) utterly destroyed. " Sa. ten bezants, 4.3.2.1., on a 
chief arg. a lion pass, sa.," 1643, Charles B., J. P. Dyvkam. 
Third quartering of Brain : " Sa. ten plates on a chief of the 
second, a lion pass, of the first." [This is a wrong reading.. 
It ought to be " (Az.) 6 (plates), 3.2.1., on a chief (arg.) a 
lion ramp." (? "guard, of the' field.") ? [Digus or Degon. 
Richard Brayne, Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 208, married Jane, d. 
and h. of John Digus or Dycas.] Nimpsfield. " Sa. lo- 
plates" {Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 26, "bezants," and Nayler also), 

"4. 3. 2. 1., on a chief arg. a lion pass, ermines," 

[Bridgman]. Also the same, impaling [Woodward]. 
Crest : A demi lion ramp, arg., holding between paws a 
garland of laurel ppr., and the same with crest, 1696. 
Upton St. Leonard's. " Sa. 10 plates, 4.3.2.1., on a chief 
arg. a lion pass, erm.," 1646. 

BRIDGER. Avening. Impaled with [Driver] : "Achev.. 

engr. betw. 3 crabs," [Really, "Arg. a 

chev. engr. az. betw. 3 crabs paleways gu." 
Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 59 : Elizabeth, ob. 1675, d. of Lawrence 
B., D.D., Subdean and Treasurer of the college, Glos., 
married John Driver, of Aston, ob. t68i]. Also the same, 
1636. 

BRIDGES. Adlestrop. Impaled with Leigh, 1774. No 

blazon. [Mary, d. of James, eighth Baron 
Chandos, married Theophilus Leigh as his 
second wife.] Cheltenham. Escut. of pret. on Hughes : 
"Arg. a cross sa. charged in the centre with a leopard's 
face or," 1786. [Ehzabeth, d. and coh. of Harry B., of 
Keynsham Abbey, married Thomas H.] Cirencester. The 
same, 1598. Humphrey and Elizabeth, 1620. Deinton. No 
blazon, 1723. Impaled witli Langton. [Elizabeth, d. of 
Edward B., of Cainsham, 1702-3, married John L., of 
Deinton.] Hasfield. Fourth shield, anciently in chancel 
window. No blazon. Maysemore. On escut. of pret. on 
Pitt, fourth quartering of Pembruge, 1784. Lower Sid- 
dington, 1676, impaling Hanger. [Rudder, p. 660: Richard 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



187 



B. married the only d. of George H., of Driffield, arm. 
Stroud. Two shields, both quarterly i and 4. The second 
has a crest, but it belongs to [Aldridge]. Tewkesbury. 
Impaling ? [Michell], 1731. [I cannot find marriage.] 
Tortworth. Second quartering of Throkmorton, 1607, and 
the same of Throkmorton, 1568. \_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 162: 
John T., married Elizabeth, d. and h. of Edward B. by the 
d. and h. of Apperley.] Twining. Impaled with Neast, 
1688. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 125 : Thomas Nest, of Twining, 
married 1687, Mrs. Anne B., of the Mythe. Winterhouvn. 
1662. Impaled with Symes, i66g. [Amie, Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 183, d. of Edward and sister of Sir Thomas B., of Keyn- 
sham, married Thomas S. Woodchester. First hatchment, 
and crest : An anchor erect or ; second hatchment, impaled 
with Browning \_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 30 : Elizabeth, d. of 
Humfry B., married, 1674, Stephen Browning, of Cowley], 
1648, as on first hatchment, impaling Bridges \Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 26 : Robert B., or Bruges, of Woodchester, married 
Elizabeth, d. of . . . B., of Cirencester. He died 12 May, 
and she 5 April, 1648], also 1722, Robert B., set. 72, and 
in lozenge, 1703. 

[BRIDGES.] Avening. " Arg. a cross sa., charged in 

centre with leopard's face or," 1615, 

Crest : Demi man in profile wreathed. 
[Really, " A rnan's head from the shoulders in profile ppr., 
vested paly of six arg. and gu. semee of roundles counter- 
changed and wreathed of the last and az.," Henry B., 1615, 
son of John, Lord Chandos and Baron Sudley.] Tewkesbury. 
"Arg. on a cross sa. a leopard's face cabossed or, a crescent 

for difference," 1669, Titherington. " Or on a cross sa., 

a leopard's face of the first,"' 1657. [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 26, and Rudder, 767 : Rev. Richard B. married Eleanor 
Laurence.] 

[BRIGHTWELL.] Winterhotirn. "Arg. on a cross az., 5 lozenges 

or," , 1748, impaled with Griffith. 

[Papworth says, " On cross sa.," B., of co. 

Bucks, but I cannot find marriage.] 



i88 



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[BRISCOE.] Marshfield. "Arg. a chev. or" (false), 1733. 

[Monument says B., but there is no B. like 
this. Rudder gives " Sa. a chev. arg." to 

'[Fecknaham], which Bigland does not "give ; but the date is 

1704. At my visit I did not come across it.] 

[BROMLEY.] Weston -upon -Avon. Third quartering of 
[Greville], 1546 and 1559: "Per pale and 
per fess dancette, ... in first quarter a 

crescent," [Quarterly, Per fess dancette or and gu., 

in first quarter a crescent of the last. Edw^ard Grevill 

married Joan B.] 

BROMWICH. Longhope, "(Arg.) a lion ramp, (sa.) guttee 
du sang" (really, "d'or"), 1752 [Rudder, 
534: "Or a lion ramp. sa. gutty of the 
field"], impaling Yate, and the same, 1774. \_Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 212 : The Rev. Lancelot B. married Priscilla Yate, 
and their son, the Rev. Yate B., died in 1774.] 
? BROOKE. Tovhujoyth. "Gu. a chev. betw. 3 doves 

^'^g-'" 1757- [Not in reference books. 
Query Gervis.] 

[? BROOKE.] Cirencester. Second shield in Jesus chapel. 

" Gu. 3 fleurs-de-lis or, on a chief arg. a 

lion of the field," . . . {Glos. Trans., 

xvii. 282 : Sir J. Maclean gives this the same, but as third 
shield, only with the "lion pass." Yet in the reference 
plate 44, where it is impaled with Georges, it is " ramp." ; 
and it is given in two places in the note on p. 249, Glos, 
Vis., 1623, as both "pass." and "ramp." Papworth, "pass, 
guard." William Georges married Rebecca ? B., ob. 1722.] 
BROTHERTON. Preface. Second quartering of achievement 
of Charles, Duke of Norfolk, Earl Marshal : 
" Gu. three lions pass, guard, in pale or, a 
label of three points arg." Berkeley. Sixth shield on screen, 
but without label. 

[BROTHERTON.] Thornbury. First atchment. Second quar- 
tering of Howard, 1777, and another for 
Howard's lady, 1773. Second quartering 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



of Berkeley, with label ; brought in with (Mowbray). 
Dyyham. Third quartering of Berkeley, impaled with 
Dennys. [On the third shield of John Symth's, of 
Nibley, MS.] Hardwicke. First shield in note. Second 
quartering of Berkeley de B. 

BROWNE. Badgwovth. Impaled with Gwinnett. "Or 

on a fess gu., 3 chess rooks of the first, in 
chief 3 martlets sa.," 1717. [Sara, d. of 
John B., of Tirley, Glos., married G.] Bicknor English. 
Error for [Pury], 1739. "On a fess 3 mullets pierced 
betw. as many martlets," impaled with Wyrall. Dean 
Michel. Same as Badgworth, without tinctures, 1753, im- 
paled with William Lane, 1748. [^Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 107: 
William Lane, of Apperley, ob. 1674, married Anne, d. of 
Richard B., of Bishop's Norton, but the dates are different, 
and as this is Elizabeth, there mmst have been another 
marriage.] Frampton Cotterel. First on atchievements. 
" Sa. a chev. betw. 3 mullets arg." Monument says Brown, 
1679, impaling Kemys, 1692. [I think this should be "Arg. 
a chev. betw. 3 mullets sa.," as given by Rudder, 245.] 
Second atchievement. Quartering Kemys. Third atchieve- 
ment. Escut. of pret., 1712, quartering Kemys on Milborne. 
[Mary, 1707, wife of Clayton Milborne, only d. and h. of 
Robert B., by Ann, d. and coh. of Will. Kemys, of Wick- 
wick.] Hasfield. The same as Badgworth, only the field 
is "arg.," 1620. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 28: Henry B., of 
Hasfield.] Hathevop. Impaled with Blomer, 1640, which 
see : " Sa. three lions pass, (in bend) betw. 2 cottises arg.," 
1657. [Frances, d. of Anthony B., Viscount Montacute.] 
Leigh or Lye. The same as Badgworth, only with tinctures, 
impaling Master, 1683. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 29: Richard 
B., of Lighe = Mary, eldest d. of Sir Richard or Wilham M., 
of Cirencester, Knt.] The same, 1667. [No date of death 
like this in B. pedigree in the above Vis.'\ Norton. Really 
the same as Badgworth, but the chess rooks and martlets 
have no tinctures, and there is an annulet for difference. 
Crest : A demi eagle (Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 28, with two heads) 



igo 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



sa. beaked or, and charged on the breast with leopard's face 
of the last. Also ? 1693, impaled with Lane, 1709. [Possibly 
the marriage mentioned under Dean Michel.] Rtievdean.. 
Impaled with Vaughan. " Sa. three lions ramp. betw. 2 
cotises arg.," 1694. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 191 : John Vaughan, 
of Ruerdean, married Frances, d. of Sir Peter B., of Kid- 
dington, co. Oxon., Bart. This should be the same as 
Hatherop.] Salperton. " Or on a fess gu. 3 millrinds of 
the first, in chief 3 martlets sa.," 1788 [this is evidently 
an error in reading millrinds for chess rooks, but the John^ 
B., of Salperton, who married Mary, d. and h. of John- 
Bourne, of Temple Guiting, bore the Hatherop coat], 
impaling Bourne, 1758 ; also i and 4 quarterly, 1782,. 
with Bourne. Tuvley and Haw. As in Badgworth, 171 7. 
[Rudder says "in lozenge," but it has a crest. However, 
it would be his arms, as she was Mrs. (by courtesy) 
Mary, third d. of John B., senr., of Cumberwood.] Crest : 
Stork's head erased. . . . [This is different from, the Norton 
one, but several Brownes bore a stork's or crane's head.] 
Winterhourn. "Arg. on a bend engr. or" [false, but it is 
given so in Rudder, 836], " 3 eagles displ. sa.," 1691, 
Hugh B., of Winterbourn Court, impaling Whitcomb, 1725. 
[I should think this had been repainted by someone who 
mistook Bourne for Browne.] Crest : Out of a mural crown 
arg. a demi eagle displ. sa. Witcomhe. The same as Badg- 
worth, 1802, impaled with Hicks, 1801. Woodchestev. " Erm. 
on a fess embat. and counterembat. sa. 3 escoUops arg.," 
1754. Crest : Stork's head (erm.) out of a mural crown (gu.) 
[These are a Salop family.] 

[BROWN(E).] Avening. "... a chev. betw. 3 mullets 

..." 1730- [Robert B., of Stroud.] 

See Frampton Cotterel. ChuvcJiam. " On a 

bend 3 lions pass.," 1639, John B., Alderman of Glos. 

[Most probably the same as Hatherop.] 

BROWNING. Coaley, or Cowley. First atchievement. Quar- 
terly I and 4: " Az. 3 bars wavy arg.," 1674, 
with 2 and 3, Fitz Nichol. [Rudder and 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



191 



'Glos. Vis., 1682, say "Arg. and az." This is wrong, but the 
latter puts in a (sic)]. Richard B., 1594; John B., 1674. 
The same, i and 4. John B., Captain in MiHtia, 1698, im- 
paling Codrington, 1691. [Glos. Vis., 1682 : Capt. John B. 
married Mary, d. of John C, o/, Codrington.] Second 
atchievement. Quarterly i and 4, B., as before, 1707, with 
2 and 3, Ridley, 1703, [I cannot find this heiress marriage, 
but monument says John B. married Elizabeth, so according 
to Glos. Vis., 1682, her name should be Bridges, not Ridley. 
Perhaps he married again, or else it is some other John ; 
however, the next coat is] B., impaling Ridley [so I suppose 
she was the heiress], B., 1720. Woodchestev. Second hatch- 
ment. Here it is "Arg. 3 bars wavy az." (wrong), impaling 
Bridges [which see for one marriage ; but this might be 
intended for John B.'s marriage with EHzabeth, d. and coh. 
of Robert Bridges, of Woodchester, Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 30, 
though her coat ought to be on escut. of pret]. Also B., 
1667. 

[BROWNING.] Almondshuvy . Escut. of pret. on Dowell : 

" 3 bars wavy," [Glos. Vis., 1682, 

p. 30 : Elizabeth, d. and h. of John B., and 
Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Robert Bridges, of Woodchester, 
married John Baker Dowell, of Almondsbury.] 

:bruce. Berkeley. Fifth shield on screen. " Az. 

crusilly " [croslets, but sometimes croslets 
fitchee] " a lion ramp, or." [Generally 
written Brewes, or Brewse.] Lowev Siddington. Escut. of 
pret. on Bathurst, 1767. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3, 
Saville : " Or a saltire and chief gu., in a canton arg. a 
lion ramp, az." [Rudder, 662 : The Hon. Benjamin Bathurst 
married Elizabeth, second d. of Charles (Third) Earl of 
Ailesbury. She was a coh. with Mary married to Henry 
Bridges, Duke of Chandos, and ob. s.p.] 

[BRUCE, OR Berkeley. Fourth quartering of Berkeley. 
BREWSE.] ^, 1 , 

ine same as on screen, but the crosses are 

croslet, 



192 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



BRUGES. Cirencester. Fifth shield in N. aisle. "A pile," 

B., of Sudley. [Really, " Or a pile gu.," 
Chandos.] Second shield on stalls, about 
1673. "-^ f^ss betw. 3 martlets." [Really, Berkeley quar- 
tering of Bridges.] Coberley. Quarterly i and 4: "Arg. a 
cross sa., charged in the centre with a leopard's face or," 
[really Brydges], with, 2, De Chandos, and, 3, Barkley, 
impaling Baynham. [Sir Giles B. married Isabel, d. of 
Thomas Baynham.] Deerhurst. Really Brydges. Quarterly 

1 and 4, and like last. Elizabeth B., 1525, married first 
William Cassey, of Whyghtfylde, Esq., second Walter 
Rowden. \Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 244 : Elizabeth, d. of . . . 
Burges, ob. 1585 ; Atkyns, p. 202, 1535.] 

[BRUYNE.] Olveston. First and fifth shields of Dennys, 
1506. Fourth quartering of same: . . 

a cross moline . . ." " Az. a cross 

moline or." [G/os. Vis., 1623, p. 50 : Maurice Russell 
married Isabell, da. (? and h.) to . . . Bruyne, and her 
d. and his coh., Margaret, married Sir Gilbert Dennys, Knt. 
It is curious although quartered here it does not come 
in amongst the 8 on p. 49.] Preston-iipon-Avon. Second and 
third grand quarterings of Brandon ; quarterly i and 4 with 

2 and 3 RoKELE : "Az. a cross moline arg." (Really "or.") 
[Named in error Bentick.] \_Misc. Gen. ef Her., ii. p. 164: 
Sir Will. Brandon, Knt., married Elizabeth, d. and h. to 
Sir Henry Brune, Knt.] 

BRYAN. Bishop's Cleeve. "(Or) 3 piles meeting in base 

(az.)," 1375. 

[BUBB.] Stapleton. " Per pale or and erm. on a bend 
gu,, 3 unicorns' heads erased arg., armed 
or," 1709- Crest : A unicorn sejant 

arg. armed or, supporting a shield per pale or and erm. upon 

a mount vert. (These last four words should come first.) 

BUCK. Winterhoiirn. " Per fess nebule arg. and 

sa., 3 bucks attires fixed to the scalps 
counterchanged," 1631, impaling Query, 

76. [Rudder gives, p. 836, "three bucks," James, 1612; 



* 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



193 



Matthew, 1631 ; and Thomas, 1658. According to Glos, 
Vis., 1623, p. 212, these are likely to be brothers, and in 
the note a Matthew married, in 1681, a Mary Gceeninge^ 
and another was buried 1684, at Awre ; but the James was 
father of a Matthew who erected fhe monument, and there 
are no marriages mentioned on either of them. The father of 
James in the Vis. is Thomas, and the grandfather a Mathew. 
It is probable then that James was the father, not brother, 
of the 163 1 Matthew, so his marriage must remain a 
Query.] Thomas, 1658, with the same arms, impales 

"... a saltire ..." [_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 107, says 

Elizabeth Langley was the wife of Thomas B., of Winter- 
born, so the arms corroborate this.] 

BUCKE. Minchin Hampton. The same as Winter- 

bourn, impaling Selwyn. \Glos, Vis., 1682, 
p. 31 : Jeremy B., of Minchinghampton, 

ob. 1653, married Ursula, d. of William S., of Matesden.] 

The same as Winterbourn, 1668. [The above Vis. says 

Jeremy ob. unmar. 1668, set. 25.] 

BUCKLE. Slimbridge. Impaled with Davies. No 

blazon, 1816. [Rudder, 441, says B., of 
Elmston, bore "A chev. betw. 3 annulets." 

Surely " Sa. a chev. betw. 3 chaplets " may be "buckles 

arg."] 

BULL. South Cerney. Impaled with Bush, 1786. 

"Or three bulls' heads trunked (cabossed) 
sa. langued gu." Mary, 1774. Lower 

Siddington. The same, 1703, impaled with Stephens. 

[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 178 : Rachel S. married Rev. Robert 

(John) Bull.] 

[BULL.j Pauntley. On second atchment. Impaled 

with ScuDAMORE : " Gu. on a chev. betw. 
3 bulls' heads couped arg., 3 roses of the 

first," [Papworth says Bull.] 

? BULLOCK. Preston-iipon-Avon. Quarterly, in window. 

I, " Gu. a chev. or betw. 3 bulls' heads 
cabossed arg." [The rest of the quar- 



-194 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



terings are not accurate, but they seem to be intended 
for those of Baynham.] 

BURGH. Stideley. " Az. 3 fleur-de-lis erm." Second 

shield on tomb, impaling Parr and Rous, 
quarterly. 

BURGOYNE.] Cirencester. Impaling Bridgman : " (Gu.) 

on a chev. (or) betw. 3 talbots, (and) a 
crescent (arg.), on a chief crenelle (of the 
third), 3 martlets (az.)," Roger, M.D., 1674. 
BURLEY. Buckland. Fifth quartering of Botteville, 
alias Thynne : " Barry of 6 or and sa., in 
chief 2 pallets of the second, over all an 
escutcheon gu. charged with 3 bars erm." [^Shropshire 
Vts., p. 254: Jocosa, d. of Sir John B., Knt., married John 
■Gattacre, fourth quartering. But how she was an heiress 
I cannot make out.] Minchin Hampton. Ninth quartering 
of Hopton, 1775, impaled with Dallaway, 1776: ''Paly 
of six sa. and or, on a chief of the second two pellets, 
over all inescutcheon gu. charged with 3 bars erm." [Here 
there is ? printer's error of "pellets" for "pallets." The 
true reading of both these coats is, " Barry of six sa. and 
or, on a chief of the second two pallets of the first, over all 
an inescutcheon barry of six gu. and erm." Sir John Hopton, 
Knt., married Elizabeth, d. and h. of Sir John B., Knt.] 
BURNELL. Yate. "Arg. a lion ramp, sa., debruised with a 
bendgu.," i694,impaling[CHESTER]. [Rudder, 
P- ^55 • Thomas B., the last heir male of the 
family, married Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Chester, of Knole.] 
[? BURNELL.] Brockworth. The same arms. Third quar- 
tering of John Jones, 1747, [I have given 

this because it is really Burnell ; but Glos. 
Vis., 1623, p. 96, Joanes pedigree, gives this quartering as 
a " bendlet sinister," so it is most probably the Welsh coat 
of Ellis or Lloyd ? bastarded.] 

BURTHOGGE. Sodhury Old. Impaled with Stephens, 1728. 

Quarterly i and 4 : " Arg. 4 bars gemelles 
az. on a chief sa. a wolf pass, or," with 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



195 



-2 and 3, Trevile. Also the same in lozenge shield, 1737. 
[Rudder, 679, says "4 bars," but all the Armories "3 bars 
gemel." Edward Stephens married Sarah, a d. and coh. 
of Richard B., of Totnes.] 

BURTON. Qiieinton. ImpaMd with Lingen, 1737. 

Quarterly: "Az. and vert a cross engr. or 
betw. 4 roses arg." [Rudder, 616, says 
"^'Az. and purpure," and no metal for the roses. The pur- 
pure is right. Ann, sole d. and at length h. of Robert B., 
of Longner, Salop.] 

[BURTON.] Batsford. "A cross betw. 4 roses," 1757. 

[I imagine the same as last, as all the 
Burtons have the cross engr. Rev. 
Thomas B. was Rector, Prebendary of Durham, 1760 — 1767, 
and Archdeacon of St. David's, 1749 — 1767.] 
BUSH. South Cerney. Impaling Bull, 1774: "Arg. 

a horse ramp, (forcene) sa. in chief 3 crosses 
patee gu.," 1786. [Thomas B. married Mary.] 
BUTLER. Berkeley. Two shields on screen. 17: "Az. 

a chief indented erm." [I can find no such 
B. Boteler is *'Arg. a chief indented erm."] 
20: "Az. three covered cups or." Bromesherrow. Third quar- 
tering of HoNYWooD, impaled with Yate : " Sa. three goblets 
or, within bord. of the second " [of Kent, and I suppose 
comes in with Martin^ the second quartering] . Wotton-undev- 
^dge. Impaled with Veel, quarterly of 6 : " Arg. 3 covered 
cups betw. semi {sic) of cross croslets sa.," 1658. \_Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 191 : Mary, d. of Henry B., married Thomas Veel, 
of Dover, Kent.] 

BYRKIN. Awre. Rich., " Regarder," 1658: (Arg.) 

a fess (az.), in chief a label of 3 points 
(gu.)," 1740- Crest: Demi Hon. (Not 

in Armories.) [John B., of Hagloe.] 

[BYRKIN.] Tidenham. 2 and 3 quarters of [Camplin] : 
"Arg. a bar az.," [There is the pedi- 

gree of three of this family in the register 

notes of Glos. Vis., 1623, but they do not fit in.] 

Vol. XXVIII. 



196 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



CADNOR AP Standish. Fourth shield of Winstone, 1608, 
GWARTHOVED. ^ ^ , . ^ 

restored, becond quartering : " Or a hon 

ramp, regardant . . . (sa.)." [Really, 

Clothyan, Prince of Powis.] 

CAERI^EON. Standish. Fifth quartering on the same 
shield, as last: "Sa. three castles and a 
plate arg." [Really, the plate is betw. the 

triple-towered castles. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 180 : Ivo de 

Winston, Lord of Trewyn, married Joane, d. and coh. of 

Howell Caerlion.] 

CAGE, OR GAGE. Fretherne Lodge. See Gage or Cage : " Per 
pale az. and gu., over all a saltire or." 
[This is really C. Hertford. Vis., 1634, p. 35 : 

"With a martlet for diff."] 

CAIRNES. Wormington. Second quartering of Wes- 

tenra. "Or" (really "arg.") "3 martlets 
closed gu. within bord. (sa.)." [This is a 
quartering of Murray, and should not be here without it.] 
DE CAILLI. Eastington. Two fourth quarterings of 
Knevet. " Chequy or and gu. a bend 
erm." [Really Clifton, of Buckenham.] 
[? CALTHORPE.] Rendcomhe. First of 4 shields. " Chequee 
... (or and az.) a fess erm.," [impahng 
[Hastings]. The Calthorpes married both 
Hastings and Jermye, adjoining shields.] ' 
CALVERT. Horton. Impaled with Paston : " Paly of 

6 or and sa., over all a bend counter- 
changed," 1731- [John P. married secondly Anne C, d. 
of Charles, third Baron Baltimore, Rudder, 504.] Pawitly. 
Third atchment. Impaled with Somerset. 
CAM. Dymock, "A cross engr.," 1726. ["Or a 

cross engr, gu., in dexter chief a crescent 
of the last ? for difference," Josepii C, 
citizen of London.] 
CAMPBELL. Henbury, Impaled with Southwell and 
Clifford, quarterly. " Gyronny of 8 gu. 
and erm." [Sophia, d. of Samuel C, 



* 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 197 



of Mount Campbell, co. Leitrim, married Edward South- 
well.] 

[? CAMPLIN.] Tidenham. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3 
[? Byrkin] : "Az. on a chiqf or, 3 muUetts 

sa.," 1836. ^.[Monument says C, but 

the only C. I can find is " Az. 3 arrows barbed and 
feathered on a chief or 3 blackamoors' heads ppr."] 
CANN. Westhury-on-Trim. Second atchment. " Az. 

fretty arg. on a fess gu., 3 leopards' faces or 
and baronet's hand," impaling Jefferies. 
Crest : Out of a mural crown gu., 5 ostridge feathers g. 
and az. [This is a queer marshalling, the fact being that 
Catherine, sister of Sir Robert C, with whom the baronetcy 
became extinct, married Charles JefFeries. Possibly it 
should have been read^ Jefferies impaling C, not the 
reverse.] Also C, 1762, impaled with Jackson, 1752 
[Rudder, 801 : Anne, d. of Sir Thomas C, Knt., married 
Nicholas Jackson, of Sneed Park] , and 2 and 3 quartering, 
1797, of LippiNCOTT, 1781. Elizabeth Jeffries, the heiress, 
married Henry Lippincott. 

[CANN.] Aust. Atchievement. Same coat, only 

instead of baronet's hand, " On a canton 
the arms of Ulster," impaling [Churchman], 

1 771. Dame Anne, widow of Sir Rob. C, Bart., and d. of 

Henry Churchman, of Aust. 

CAPEL. Badminton. Impaled with Beaufort. "Ruby 

(gu.) a lion salient betw. 3 crosslets fitchy 
topaz (or)," 1714. Also the same, impaled 

with Seymour, 1714. [Henry Beaufort married the widow 

of Henry, Lord Beauchamp, son of William, Duke of 

Somerset.] Berkeley. Ninth shield on screen. " Gu. a 

lion ramp. betw. 3 crosses croslet fitchy or." Dursley. 

'*Chequy or and az. on a fess gu. 3 lozenges arg.," 1737. 

Crest: 3 ostrich feathers arg. (generally one or and two gu.; 

[Daniel C, Vicar of Cam and Curate of Dursley]. Dymock. 

2 and 3 quartering of Wall. The same as Dursley. [Glos. 

Vis.y 1682, p. 193 : WiUiam Wall married Dorothy, d. and 



igS Transactions for the Year 1905. 



sole h. of Francis Caple, of Aylton, co. Hereford.] Minchin 
Hampton. The same as on Berkeley screen, a dimidiated 
coat in chief with Seymour impaled with Sheppard, 1713. 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 167 : Philip Sheppard married first, 
Elizabeth, d. of Sir Gamaliel C, of Rooksv/ood Hall, Essex, 
Knt., ob. circa 1663.] Newent. Same as Dursley, 1695, 
impaled with Nourse, 1662. \_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 127 : 
Mary, d. of William C, Alderman of Gloucester, married 
Walter Nourse, of the Place, Newent.] Stroud. '* Chequy 
or and az. on a fess of the first 3 lozenges sa. (really of the 
second)," 1709. Rev. Daniel C, aged 24, Rudder 715. 

[CAPELL.] Henbury. The same as Dursley, t68i. 

Prestbury. The same, impaled with [Pocock], 

1740 ; and crest : Feathers or and arg. 

[CARDROSS.] Clifton, Bristol. i%nd 4 quartering, impaled 
with [Stirling]. " Gu. an eagle displ. or 

in chief a sun ppr." 1761. [Margaret, 

wife of Archibald Stirling, of Kier, co. Perth.] 
CAREY. Berkeley. Eighteenth shield on screen. 

"Arg. on a bend sa., 3 roses of the first." 
Lord Huasdon. 
CARILL. Deerhurst. Impaled with Fermor. " Arg. 

3 bars sa., and in chief 3 martlets of the 
second," 1677. [Elizabeth, d. of John C, 
of Langley, Surrey, married Peter F.] 

(PCARLETON.] Preston-iipon-Avon. Seventh shield in 
windows. Warings error, which see. 

CARMINOWE. Cirencester. Fifteenth quartering of 
D'Anvers. " Az. a bend or and label of 
3 points (? arg.). [This label points rather 

to its being Scrope, but here it must be brought in with 

the fourteenth quartering Arundel, which would be C.]. 

Frampton Cotterel. Here the label is" or," and is the second 

quartering of Arundel impaled with Daubeny. 

[CARPENDER.] 5. BriaveVs. Quarterly i and 4 : " Paly of 
6 gu. and arg. (generally arg. and gu.) on 
a chev. az. 3 crosses croslet (or)," 1680 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



199 



[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 33> says Carpender, and gives the same 
coat with a (sic). Monument was to William, 1680, and 
Elizabeth, 1712. WiUiam C. was alive 1682, but the death 
of his wife Eliz. Higgins is not given.] 
[CARPENTER.] Maysemore. Robert, 1675. [Bigland gives 

monument but not arms, Rudder both. 

" Paly of 6 arg. and gu. a chev. az. 
charged with 3 crosses croslets botonny or," so it looks 
as if Carpender bore the variation.] 

CARRINGTON. Charlton Kings or Ashley. In a lozenge 
shield. Hester, 1707. 2 and 3 quartering 
of Brereton. " Sa. on a bend arg. 
3 lozenges of the first." [^Cheshire Havl. Vis., p. 43 : RandoU 
Brereton, of Malpas, married Emma, h. of John C, of 
Carington.] Also the same for Theophilus Brereton, 1685. 
CARRUTHERS. Painswick. "Gu. 2 chev. engr. betw. 3 fleurs- 
de-lis or," 1790, impaling (?) Lovell. 
CARTER. Bleckley, in co. Worcester. " Az. 2 lions 

combatant or," 1667, impaling Goddard. 
[Monument says Edward C, of Upton Old^ 
married Maria ; there were Cs., of Perry Court, Worcester, 
but I cannot find this marriage, and there were Goddard 
Carters later on.] Sevenhampton. Here the field is "arg.," 
an evident slip, as the lions are "or," 1722, impaling 
Williams, 1726. [Glos. F;s., 1682, p. 203 : John C, of 
Charlton Abbots, co. Glouc, married Alice Williams.] 

[CARTER.] Cold Aston. Same arms, 1664, impaling^ 

Tracy. [Gyles C, of Nether Swell, 
married Elizabeth, d. of Sir Paul Tracy^ 
Glos, Vis., 1623, p. 166.] 
CARTERET. Saperton. " Gu. four fusils conjoined in fess 
arg.," 1716, impaled with Atkyns, 171 i» 
[Rudder, 644, says "or," which is wrong. 
Sir Robert A. married Louise, d. of Sir George C] 
CARTWRIGHT. Badgeworth. "Or a fess imbat. betw. 

3 Catherine wheels sa.," impaling Leigh> 
1675. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 35 : James C, of 



200 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Cnckley, married first Sarah, d. of George, younger son of 
Sir Wil]. Leigh, of Longhorough, Knt.] Miserden. The 
same, impaled with Partridge, 1625. [The same reference, 
AHce, d. of Timothy C, married secondly Antony P.] 
Tredington. " Or on a fess embat. sa. betw. 3 cart wheels 
sa. an estoile of the field," 1706. Crest: Lion's head arg. 
charged on the neck witli a Catherine wheel sa. [Same 
reference only p. 36, Thomas C, jun.] 

CASAMAYOR. Olveston. Quarterly i and 4: Arg. a lion 
ramp, sa.," 1775. [Really " Sa. a lion 
ramp. arg. langued arg." Mis. Gen. et Her., 
New Series, i. 88, quartering [? Valenzuela], and impaling 
Whitehead. Henry C, of Upper Tockington, was the 
third son of Don Luiz John Casamajor, who settled in 
Bristol 1695.] 

CASSEY. Deevhurst. One out of two remaining brass 

shields. *' Arg. a chev. betw. 3 falcons' 
heads erased gu." [_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 244: 

*' Arg. a chev. betw. 3 gryphons' heads erased gu.," but 

I think falcons are right.] 

[? CASSEY.] Cohevley. Chev. betw. 3 griffins' heads 

erased, 1695. [Monument says Elinor, 

wife of Edm. Smith, of Deerhurst Walton, 
the pedigree of whom is in Glos. Vis.^ 1682, p. 169, which 
says Edmund S. married Eleanor, d. of William Mills, of 
Witcombe and Cowley, the arms of Mills were Erm. a 
millrind sa." ; but in Myll pedigree, Gios. Vis., 1623, p. 216, 
a d. of Thomas Myll married . . . Cassy, of Whitfield ; 
so it looks as if the blazon belonged to the wrong family, 
unless Edmund remarried. 

CASTLE. Lechlade. '* (Gu.) 2 bars arg. on a canton 

of the last a castle (triple towered sa.)," 
1737, impaling Loder, 1723. [I cannot 

find pedigrees to prove this.] 

CASTLEMAN. Cohevley. Az. on a mount vert a castle 
or," 1678, impaling Barford, 1717, which 
see. Hovsley. The same, impaled with 

i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 201 



Wallington, 1738. [This marriage does not occur in 

'either the Castleman or Wallington pedigrees.] Painswick, 

The "mount" is omitted here, impaling two wives, 

Stanford and Query, 46. \_Glos^,f. Vis,, 1682, p. 37 : This 

would be the Jonathan whose monument is given in 

Rudder, p. 596, as dying in 1738, aged 77. The Vis, says 

he married Jane, d. of . . . ob. 1712.] 

CASTILE AND Cirencester, First shield in first compart- 
LEON. ^ , , ^ ^ , 

ment. Quarterly i and 4 : ** Gu. a castle 

or," Castile. 2 and 3 : " Arg. a lion 
Tamp, gu.," Leon, Peter, King of Castile and Leon. 
X?) CATCHMAY. 5. BviaveVs. Monument to William Warren 

and Mariane C. (Illustration) and William 
C, 1743. "Two bars on a canton 5 billets in saltire." Also 
1625. [This is over monument to him, but the arms of C. 
were "Or a fess betw. 3 demi lions pass, az." The coat, 
given by Papworth as Jugler, in error, is really [Ingler], 
and it is curious that Charles Hoskin's mother was a 
Catchmay, and his wife an Ingler. Surrey Vis., p. 58.] 
r? CATER.] Rodhorough, See Shurmer and Farrow. 
[CAULX.] Newland, 2 and 3 quartering of Oldmixan, 

1789 : " Or a chev. erm. betw. 3 griffins' 

heads erased gu." [Weaver's Som. Vis. : 
William O. married Isabel, d. and h. of Humphrey C] 
CAVE. Presthiiry. Eleventh shield in windows. 

Impaled with query [Adeston] : " Az. 

fretty arg." [I cannot find marriage.] 
CECIL(L.) Standish, Sixth quartering of Winstone. 

"Barry of 10 arg. and az, 6 escutcheons sa. 

each charged L(ion) rampt. arg." [Glos, 
Vis.f 1623, p. 180 : John Winston married Joane, d. and heire 
of Reiginald C, of Penclough, in co. Monmouth.] Thovnhuvy. 
The same as first, only the escutcheons are placed rightly, 
3.2.1. [This is over monument to John Baker, 1676.] 
[CECILL.] Longhope. Impaled with ^?) Leigh. "Barry 

of ten (arg. and az.), over all (on each of) 6 

escutcheons (sa. a lion ramp, of the first)," 



202 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



1677. [Ann, wife of Thomas L., d. of the Hon. William 
C, s. of Count (Earl) Salisbury. The Hon. William married 
Elizabeth, d. of Sir Thomas Lawley, but I cannot trace ped^ 
further.] 

CHABBENORE. Bishop's Cleeve. Fourth quartering of De la 
Bere on monument in church: " Gu. on a 
chief arg. 3 martlets sa." [This is the 
third quartering in the De la Bere coat given in the 
Herefordshire Vis., p. 24, but how it comes in I am unable to 
say, but I suppose with (Kynardisley) ; the Chabnors of 
Mouseley, co. Hereford, bore a different coat.] 
CHADWELL. Broadwell. "(Arg.) a fess dancette (az.) " 
[CHADWELL]. Barrifigtoii Parva. " Arg. a fess indented az.'' 

[Monumenj; says John Grayhurst, gent., 

1730, and Anne, d. of Tho. Chadwell, 1739.] 
[CHALONER] Mickleton, Impaled with Fisher and with 
fifteen quarterings. *'(Sa.) a chev. betw. 3 
cherubs (heads or)." \Glos. Trans., xii. 301 : 
Sir Edward Fisher, Knt., 1654, married Maria, 1604, 
eldest d. of Sir Thomas C, Knt.] Fourth shield. Quarterly 
of three and many others, 1642. [See Queries, 39.] 
CHAMBER- Dymock, Impaled with Wall quarterly 
with Capel : Gu. an inescutcheon arg. 
within orle of mullets or." [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 193 : Thomas Wall, 1694, married Mary, d. of Thomas C, 
of London.] Oddington. Quarterly i and 4 : Gu. a chev. 
betw. 3 escallops or." Ancient C, 2 and 3 the same as 
Dymock, 1640. Crest : An ass's head arg. out of a ducal 
coronet or. Stow. First atchment. Quarterly i and 4, 
grand quarter. The same as Dymock, 2 and 3 the same as 
Oddington, ancient, but it is named Tankerville, though it 
is C, as stated there, and crest as above. Second atchment. 
Quarterly, C. and Tankerville (really C), with escut. of 
pret., Atkyns. Crest and motto: "Virtute nihill (s?6) invium." 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 38: Edmund C. married Elizabeth, d. 
and coh. of Robert Atkins, of Nether Swell, 1728.) Quarterly 
as before, 1714. [John, brother of the last Edmund], and 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



203 



same as Dymock, 1667, impaling Leigh. \_Glos. Vis., 1682^ 
p. 38: John C, of Maugersbury, married Elizabeth, d. of Sir 
William Leigh, of Longborow, co. Glouc], with crest as 
before. Swell Upper. Quarterly, but the ancient is still 
called Tankerville, 1668. [This 'would be the John who 
married Elizabeth Leigh.] Tewkesbury. The same as 
Dymock, but here written Chamberlain, 1684, impaled with 
Oldisworth. [This marriage does not appear in either of 
the Glos. Visitations.'] 

CHAMBER- Newent. The same as Dymock without 
[LAYNE.] . ^ . , 

tmctures, impahng Chinn, with escut. 01 

pret., Woodward, 1774. [See Chinn.] 
[CHAMBERS.] Newland. Impaled with [Coster], 1718. 

*' Arg. a chev. erm. couple closed (Papworth 
fimbriated) sa. betw. 3 field (chamber) pieces 

of the last, mouthed gu. (fired ppr.)," 1734, 

CHANDOS. Coherley. Second quartering of Bruges, 
? 1511 : "Or a pile gu." Deerhurst. Second 
quartering of Bruges, 1525. Stroud. Second 
quartering of Bridges, on two shields. Todington. Impaled 
with Tracy [really Bridges, as it is their coat]. 
[CHANDOS.] Cirencester. Fifth shield in N. aisle: ''A 
pile" [given as Bruges of Sudley, but 
really Chandos as before]. 
[CHAPMAN.] Avening. Impaled with Driver, 1687 Per 
chev. (arg. and gu.) a crescent counter- 
changed," -[_Glos. Vis.y 1682, p. 59: John 

Driver, of Aston, married EHzabeth, d. of Henry C, of 
Tetbury.] 

CHAPMAN. Dodington. Impaled with Codrington, but 
error for Bethell : " (Arg.) on a chev. 
betw. 3 boars' heads couped (sa.) an estoile 
(or)." Mrs. Dorothy Chapman, sister to the Hon. Will. 
Codrington, Esq., 1712. Tewkesbury. Impaling Guy or 
Guise : Party per chev. arg. and gu. a crescent counter- 
changed, in chief 2 roses," 1720. [This is a variation. 
Atkyns and Nayler only give the variation of a canton.] 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 

? CHARNELLS. Shipton Moyne. Impaled as second coat with 
[Yate] and [Box] on escut. of pret. on 
EsTcouRT : *' Gu. a fess betw. 2 chevs. 
arg." [error for (Nourse)] . 

CHEDIOCKE. Fmmpton Cottevel. Third quartering of 
Arundel impaled with Daubeny : " Gu. 
an orle within an inaluron (another orle) 

arg," [Katherine, d. and coh. of Sir John C, married 

secondly Sir John Arundel.] 

•CHESTER. Almondshuvy. With escut. of pret., Gough : 

** Gu. a lion pass. erm. betw. 3 hawks' 
lewers {sic) arg." Crest : Lion's gamb. 

■erased (gu.) holding a dagger (broken sword arg. hilted 

or). 

[CHESTER.] Yate. . . . a lion pass, guard (not generally 
so) betw. 3 hawkes lures . . ." impaled with 
Burnell, 1694, which see. 

CHETWIND. Bishop's Cleeve. *'Az. a chev. betw. 3 mullets 
or," 1674, Maria, co. Stafford. 

CHEYNEY. Dyyham. M.S. of John Smyth, of Nibley. 

Ninth shield. Gu. 4 lozenges arg. each 
charged with an escallop az." 

CHICHESTER. Hovton. Impaled with Paston, 1769: 
** Chequy or and gu. a chief vairie " (really 
vair). [Rudder, p. 504 : WiUiam Paston 

married secondly Mary, d. of Giles C, of Arlington, co. 

Devon.] 

CHILD. Tortworth. In lozenge shield alongside 

Purvis. '* Gu. a chev. engr. erm. betw. 

3 eagles close arg. gorged with a ducal 
coronet or," impahng Joddrell [but I cannot find marriage]. 
CHILDE. jB/ocA/^y (co. Worcester). Shields : i, " Gu. 

a chev. erm. betw. 3 eagles close arg." ; 

2, the same impahng Foliot [but I cannot 
find marriage] ; 3, the same impaling Jefferies. [Worcester 
Fis., 1569, p. 36 : WilHam C, of Pensax, married Margaret, 
d. to Wilham Jeffreys, of Home Castell.] The same, 1633. 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 205 



The same, impaling Jenkinson. [Thomas C, of Northwick, 
CO Worcester, married Anne Mary, d. of Sir Rob. J., of 
Walcott, Oxon., Knt., ? 1659.] 

CHINN. Newent. Fourth quartering of Beale, 1713: 

Barry of 6 (vair and gu.)," 1714. 
[Fosbrooke's Glos., ii. 223 : Sarah C, wife 
of Miles Beale, of the Court House, Newent. She was a 
coh.] Impaled with [Chamberlayne]. The same. [Fosbfooke, 
as above. Edward C. married Elizabeth, d. and h. of 
Christopher Woodward, and she married secondly Edward 
Pye Chamberlayne.] Impaled with (? Goodman, 1764) [but 
I cannot find marriage]. 

CHOLMLEY. Eastingfon. Impaled with Stephens, 1768: 
"(Gu.) two helmets in chief (arg.) and a 
garb in base (or)." Ann, d. of Sir Hugh C, 

of Whitby, Yorkshire, married Richard Stephens. The same, 

impaled with Stephens, 1732. Mary, d. of Sir Hugh C. 

and rehct of Nathaniel C, of Leicestershire, Esq., married 

Rob., fourth s. of Richard S. 

[CHURCHMAN.] Aust. Impaled with [Cann] : "Two bars, 

on a chief as many pales," 1771 [Really 

"Arg. may be sa., 2 bars sa., may be arg. 
in chief as many pales of the seconds."] Dame Anne, widow 
Sir Rob. Cann, Bart., and d. of Henry C, of Aust. 
[? CHUTE.] Lechlade. Impaled with Coxeter, 1671- 
' 1 701 : " Gu. 3 daggers betw. 7 mullets 
arg. on a canton sa. a lion pass, guard, or," 

[I cannot find marriage, but Chute's arms are " Gu. 

semee of mullets or 3 swords barwise ppr. on a canton per 
fess arg. and vert, a lion of England." [I made a note that 
the lion was on the arg. of the per fess, so would be false 
being or, it should be on the vert.] 

[CIRENCESTER Cirencester, Appendant to deeds of the 
ABBEY.] 1 ; T, . .1 • 

Monastery the followmg coats are authentic : 

I : " Gu. on a chev. arg. 3 rams' heads 

couped (really cabossed) sa. attired or," 2: " Gu on 

a chev. arg. 3 rams' heads affronte sa. attired or, in dex. 



2o6 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



chief quarter 2 lions pass, guard, or " [query, Abbey and 
early Royal Arms]. 3 : Another coat of the Abbey : Paly 
of six or and gu. in bend a crozier arg. within bord. az. 
bezanty." 

ABBEY OF As I above, without tinctures, on capitals of 
CIRENCESTER. .„ ^ , ■ , 

pillars on JN . side. Over the great window, 

the arms of the Abbey, now totally des- 
troyed. On stalls about 1673. ^ • The Abbey, without 
blazon. 

CLARE. Bisley. Outside on the church battlements, 

but no blazon. Colne S. Aldwyn's. The same 
as Bisley, styled De Clares. Fairfovd. The 
same as Colne S. Aldwyn's. Kempsford. Third stone shield, 
no blazon. Meysey Hampton. Window glass, no blazon, 
de Clare. [As there is no blazon given in any of these I 
add it : " Or 3 chevs. gu."] Twining. Quarterly and grand 
quarters, i and 4: " Or 3 cheys. ermines" [Rudder, erm.], 
CO. Shropshire, 1577. Crest ; Buck's head cabossed ppr. 
[Worcester Vis.^ p. 37, gives the Clare coat as the one given 
by me.] Child's Wickham. On bricks : *' 3 chevs. or." [This 
is the reverse of Clare, and may be other families ; therefore 
it is only a query.] 

CLARKE. Dursley. " (Arg.) on a bend (gu.) betw. 

2 roundlets (pellets) 3 swans (ppr.)," 1737. 

Samuel and Hannah his wife, 1729. 
[Rudder, p. 426, gives this coat as Arg. on a bend gu. 
betw. two torteauxes {sic) 3 swans arg."] Preston-ui>on-Avon. 
Third and fourth quartering (a most unusual marshalling) 
of [Billingsley] : '*Gu. a fleur-de-lis, a canton or" [error 
for the other Billingsley quartering, which is '* or " ; C. is 
erm.]. Tethtry. " Gu. 2 bars and in chief 3 cinquefoils 
arg.," 1795 [Papworth says this coat is Delancey; so if it 
is Clarke, it is most likely a wrong blazon for " Gu. 2 bars 
arg. in chief 3 escallops or," Clarke, co. Hereford], impaling 
two wives. Westhury-on-Severn. Impaled with Colchester, 
1715: "Arg. on a bend sa. a cross croslet fitche or." 
[Rudder, 795, gives he same, and monument says Maynard 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



207 



Colchester, Esq., married Jane, only d. of Sir Edward C, 
Knt. Papworth gives Clarke, of London (Sir Edward 
had been Lord Mayor), with the "bend engr. az."] 
[CLARKE.] Dyvham. Impaled with Blathwayte : "Arg. 

on a bend engr. gu. 4 bezant betw. 2 swans 

arg." [Papworth says C, of Dublin, 

;granted 1688. Burke's Landed Gentvy^ 1898, p. 128, says 
William Blathwayt married secondly Mrs. Elizabeth 
Le Pepre (whose maiden name was Clarke), but this 
monument said William and Maria B.J Tovfworth. Impaled 

with [Cooke], 1840 : A bend [Monument says 

Clarke, 1813, so possibly the same as in Westbury-on- 
Severn.] 

? CLARKE. Flaxley. " Or on a chev. sa. 3 estoiles arg.," 

1664. [Both Nayler and Atkyns' plates 
give C, of Flaxley, as " Sa. a lion ramp, 
betw. two ladders arg." Monument said Joanna C, Lady 
of Flaxley, 1664, so perhaps this was her maiden coat.] 
CLAY. Tetbury. 2 and 3 quartering of Harvey, 

1791, with escut. of pret., Cooper, 1789: 
"Arg. a chev. engr. betw.' 3 trefoils slipt 
sa." 

CLEARE. Hawkesbury. " Per pale (az. and or) 3 suns 

(counterchanged)," 1790. Crest: A demi 

lion ramp, holding a mullet (not in books). 
■CLEMENS. Preston^ Ledbury. . . three balls betw. 

6 cross crosslets fitchee ..." 1640. 

[I cannot find this or the tinctures.] 
CLENT. Westevleigh. "Arg. a fess wavy betw. 3 

lions' jambs erased and bendways sa." 

1735, impaling Fountain. [Burke's Landed 
Gentry, i853> P- 43^ • Elizabeth, sister of Sir Andrew F., 
married Col. Edward C, of co. Worcester.] Minsterworth. 
The same, only without the "bendways," but impahng 
Query 40, and the date 1668. Also the same, dated 1672. 
[CLENT.J Harescombe. The same, without tinctures 

and " bendways," 1671 



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[CLEVEDON.] Almondsbury. Seventh quartering of Veele, 
1577: "Lion ramp, ducally crowned.', 
[Glos. Vis.f 1623, p. 173 : Petrus Vele Miles 

married Catherina, d. and h. Johannis Cleuedon militis : 

1 think '* Or a Hon ramp, sa crowned gu."] 

? CLIFFE. Bourton-on-the-HilL Third quartering of 

Bateson, 1736: "Sa. a bend vaire on a 
canton arg., a wolfs head couped gu." 
[This is 4ot in Armories ; and Rudder, p. 303, says the 
marshalling is i and 4 Bateson, 2 and 3 CHfFe, and gives the 
latter's coat as " Argent, a fess gu. charged with a crescent 
of the field, in chief three roundlets, colour not distinguish- 
able." Monument says Rob. D'Evereux Bateson married 
Anne, second d. of Allen C, of Mathon, co. Worcester. 
Grazebrook in his Wore. Heraldry^ i. 118, gives the C. coat 
as " Arg. on a fess betw. 3 griffins' heads erased sa. as 
many mullets or." Bigland's marshalling, owing to the 
name D'Evereux coming in, would seem to be correct, and 
possibly the ClifFe quartering is a corruption of another 
quartering of that family, as the Anne is not stated to be 
an heiress, but I can find nothing to prove it.] 
CLIFFORD, Eastingion. Escut. of pret. oh Clutterbuck, 
1680 : " Chequy or and az. on a bend gu. 3 
lions pass, of the first." Maria, eldest d. 
and coh. of John C, of Frampton, married Nath. Clutterbuck, 
who died Oct. 13th, 1680, and she the 7th Oct., 1680.] 
Frampton-on-Severn. In house. The same, 2 and 3 quartering 
of Clutterbuck, and in window of the house a C. shield. 
The same, John C, 1684. The same, 2 and 3 quartering of 
Clutterbuck, 1727 [this is William Clutterbuck, the son 
of Nathaniel and Mary C], and C. arms without date. Third 
quartering of Bell, 1757, which see. Also Elizabeth C, 1426 ; 
John C, 1437; Anthony, 1650; John, 1684; and C, 1650. 

2 and 3 quartering of Clutterbuck, impahng Wade, 1685. 
\_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 41 : This is the marriage of William 
in brackets above.] Fretherne Lodge. In parlour window. 
First of quarterly of four, with Folliot, &c. Third shield. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



I and 4 quarterly with Harewell. Fourth shield. Quarterly 
I, with HoGELiNTON and the two Hoares, also impaling 
Harewell and Wogan. [Glos. Vis.^ 1623, p. 41 : James- 
C, of Frampton, married Anne, d. and h. to John H , of 
Wootton, CO. Worcester, and her gf. William married Agnes,, 
d. of Sir Henry Owgan (Wogan), Knt., Wove. Vis., 1569, 
p. 74.] In great parlour over chimney-piece. C, with 7 
quarterings. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 40, has 9 and 10 to 16 
blank.] Henbury. Quarterly 2 and 3, with Southwell, 
1777. [Rudder, p. 494, says Edward Southwell was created 
Baron CUfFord, a title in abeyance, but he claimed it through 
his mother, so it is only a dignity quartering.] Stanley S. 
Leonard's. Baron, i : " Cheeky or and az. on a bend arg. 
(false, really "gu.") 3 lions pass, of the first (also false 
here, but right if the bend is " gu.")," impahng Sheppard, 
1651. [Fosbrooke's Glos., i. 374, note : John C, of Frampton,, 
married Maria, d. of Will. Sheppard, Esq., ot Horsley.] 
CLIFTON. Eastington, or De Cailli. Fourth quartering 

of Knevet : " Chequy or, and gu. a bend 
erm." [Jackson and Aubrey's plate, says 
Clifton, of Buckenham. Sir John K., Knt., married 
Elizabeth, d. and eventually coh. of the second Baron C] 
CLOPTON. Frampton-on- Severn. Eleventh quartering of 

BelL. On escut. of pret. Winchcanbe : 
" Arg. a chev. betw. 3 eagles displ. az." 
Queinton, Second quartering of Lingen : " Arg. 2 bars gu. 
fretty or." On altar-tomb brass. First shield as the last. 
[There is anothor shield also on this tomb impahng 
Besford.] 

[CLOTHYAN.] Standish. Second quartering of Winstone, 
given as Cadnor ap Gwarthoved : " Or a 
lion ramp, regardant . . . (sa.)." [C. was 

Prince of Fowls, and married the d. and h. of the third 

quartering.] 

[? CLOUGH.] Shurdington. Second quartering of 
Gwinnett, 1693 : "... a greyhound's 
head . . . betw. 3 oval buckles. . . " [C. bears mascles^ 



2IO Transactions for the Year 1905. 



not buckles, so this is a conjecture, as I cannot find 
connection.] 

CLUTTERBUCK. BroadwelL (Az.) a lion ramp, and in chief 
3 escallops (arg.)." Eastington. The same, 
with escut. of pret., Clifford, 1680. 
Nathaniel C. married Maria, eldest d. and coh. of John 
Clifford, of Frampton. Frampton-on-Severn House and Church. 
The same, quarterly i and 4 with Clifford. The same, 
quarterly i and 4 with Clifford. William C, 1727. 
Second quartering of Bell, which see. C. and Clifford 
quarterly, impaling Wade, 1685. William C. married Sarah, 
d. of John Wade. Minchin Hampton. The same, 1778, 
impaling Sheppard. \_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 168 : Ann 
Sheppard married (?) Edmund C, of Hyde.] King's Stanley, 
The same (?) 1656, impaling Baynham, which see. Also 
1752, and C, 1714, impaling [? Gyde]. Stroud. The same, 
171 1. Wotton Underedge. The same, quarterly i and 4 
with 2 and 3. " Gu. on a fess cotised betw. 6 martlets or 3 
pellets " (?) Cloterbooke. [_Glos. Vis., 1623, gives this 
■quartering as "on a bend." See Baynham.] The same 
quarterings, impaled with Oldisworth. C. and (?) Cloter- 
booke. [I cannot find marriage.] 

[PCOBYNDON.] Cirencester. Impaled with Prelatte : " Az. 

a chev. gu." [This is false, most probably 

the chev. is " or faded gu." Glos. Trans., xvii. 
278 : William P. married secondly the h. of William C] 
•COCKS. Bishop's Cleeve, " Sa. a chev. betw. 3 stags' 

attires fixed to the scalps arg.," John, 1724. 

Hill or Hull. Fifth quartering of Fust, 
1779. The same [but these are not proper quarterings 
unless the Visitatim is wrong, only family alliances, as the 
-only heiress in the Fust family mentioned there is Anne 
Hide. This C. was Elizabeth, d. of Sir Richard C, of 
Dumbleton, who married Sir John Fust, Bart.]. DumUeton. 
Impaled with Percye, 1628. The same, without the scalps, 
1646. [Dorothy, d. of Thomas C, of Cleeve, Esq., married 
•secondly Sir Charles Percye, Knt., third son of the Earl of 



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211 



Northumberland. Rudder, 421.] The same, 1654, Charles, 
fourth son of Thomas C. The same, 1684, impaling Elton, 
1689. [Sir Richard C. married Susanna, fifth d. of Ambrose 
Elton, CO. Hereford.] The same, impaling Neville, 1723. 
[Sir Richard C, 2nd Bart., married first Frances, fifth and 
youngest d. of Col. Richard Neville, of Billingsbear, Berks.] 
The same, 1767. Maysemore. Impaled with Wheeler, 
? 1680, but without tinctures. [There is a monument in 
Rudder's Maysemore erected to Francis Wheeler by his 
relict in 1630, but it does not prove she was a Cocks.] 
Tewkeshiivy. The same, tinctured 2 and 3 quartering of 
Stamford, 1707, impaled with Stafford. [Rudder, 747 : 
Edward Stamford rnarried Katherine C] 

CODRINGTON. Coaley or Cowley. Impaled with Browning, 
1698: " Arg. a fess embat. sa. betw. 3 lions 
pass, gu.," 1691. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 30 : 
Mary, d. of John C, of Codrington.] Cvomhall. Quarterly 
I and 4, ? as above, with 2 and 3, Small in error, really the 
augmentation coat. [Glos. Trans., xxi. 352 : Robert, 1744, 
brother of Col. C, married Anne, 1761, d. and coh. of Robert 
Allen.] Didmarton. The same, impaling [Guise]. John 
and Francis {sic) C, and Robert and Agnes C, 1686. [John 
C, ob. 1670, married Frances, d. of William Guise, of 
Elmore; Robert C. and Agnes Samwell were their son and 
his wife. Dr. Codrington, Glos. Trans., xxi. 316, does not 
give the date of Frances' death, so this might supply it, 
though it may only be the date of Rob. and Agnes' erection 
of the monument.] The same, 1745, impaled with Tyrrell. 
[Dr. Codrington, p. 330: Eliza., one of the ds. of Robert 
and Agnes, married Charles, second s. of Sir Thos. Tyrrell, 
Bart., CO. Berks.] Dodington. ? The same. Impaled with 
Horler. [Joanna, 1721, d. of Richard C, married Rev. 
Jeremiah H. (Rudder, 413), but Dr. Codrington does not 
mention this.] Quarterly i and 4, ? the same. 2 and 3, 
^' (Vert) on a bend (arg.) 3 roses (gu.)." [This is only part of 
the augmentation coat granted by Roger Leigh in 1445 to 
John C, as Dr. Codrington, p. 307, gives it in the old 

16 

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language, as "Of S3moble iii. Roses of goules in (really on) 
a Bende of Silver ; A Right Hand of the Bende {i.e. arg.) 
in the left Quarter." But with this comes the confirmation 
of arms in 14.19 by Clarenceaux, I suppose Horsley, of 
I and 4, which is different to the Coaley blazon of Bigland^ 
and occurs in Bristol Cathedral : " Of Silver a veece of Sable 
Batale counter batale Frett with Gowles (bad heraldry) 
betweene three Lyons passants of the same." Nayler gives 
this badly engraved, and also the Dodington C.'s with a plain 
fess, which Rudder also does.] Impaling Chapman, error 
for [Bethell]. Fvampton-on- Severn. House window, (i) 
Here the fess is counter embat. but not fretty. (2) The 
same, impaling ? [Dale] (but I can find no such marriage,, 
query a wrong reading). 

[CODRINGTON.] Marshfield. . . . a bend ..." 1711. 

[I cannot find any Webb bearing this coat,, 
so conclude that it is the augmentation 
coat of C, as the monument says it is to the memory of 
Eliz. C, eldest d. of Rev. Thomas C, of Dodington, who 
married Robert Webb. Neither Dr. Codrington nor any 
pedigree gives this marriage.] Yate. Impaled with [Stokes] : 

"... a fess . . . betw. 3 lions pass. ..." 1675. 

[Dr. Codrington says Isabel, second d. of Richard C. and 
Joyce Burlace, married Samuel Stokes, of Stanshaw.] 
[COGSHALL.] Tortworth. See Pleasaume. 
[COKER.] Hayles. Note on Guiting Temple House. 

Sixth quartering of Seymour : " Arg. on a 

bend gu. 3 leopards' faces or," 

COLBORNE. Old Sodhuvy. Third quartering of Bedford, 
1717 : " Arg. on a chev. betw. 3 bugle horns 
stringed sa. as many mullets or," Stroud. 
Impaling Heart, 1791 : "Arg. on a 'chev. sa. betw. 3 bugle 
horns of the second stringed or 3 mulletts of the first," 1792. 
\_Somerset Vis. says the mullets are " or." Rudder gives the 
same, and also the monument, p. 679, ''of the first"; the 
Rev. Thomas Bedford and his wife Elizabeth, 1701, his 
son Edward, 1732, as well as Samuel C, of Stroud Water, 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



213 



1767; so it looks as if either father or son married h. or 
coh. of C] 

COLCHESTER. Ahhenhall. " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 estoiles 
or," 1738, impaled with Pyrke, 1715. 
[Rudder, 210, says Mary, d. of Sir Dan- 
combe C, Knt., married Nathaniel Pyrke. He also gives 
the coat as above ; but it is wrong, and is given right in 
Glos. Vis., 1682, as " Or a chev. betw. 3 estoiles gu."] 
Westhiiry-on-Severn. Old house. C. as in Glos. Vis., impaling 
Query, 71. Second shield on Roberts, 1636. Monument 
[given rightly, though Rudder, 794., gives the wrong one] ,. 
Sir Duncombe C, 1694, impaling Maynard, 1681, and the 
same Maynard C.,-1715, impaling Clarke. [Maynard C, 
Esq., married Jane, only d. of Sir Edward Clarke, Knt.,. 
late Lord Mayor of London.] Also Maynard C, Esq., 
1756 [nephew and h. of Col. Maynard C. and grandson 
of Sir Duncombe C] 

COLE. Fairford. Quarterly 2 and 3, with Lambe :. 

" Arg. a bull pass. sa. armed or within a 
bord. of the second." [The pedigrees do 
not give this h. marriage.] Hawkeshiry. Impaling Arnold, 
without tinctures. Rudder, 484, gives them : " Arg. a 
bull within a bord. sa. charged with 8 roundles (bezants), 
1756, 1762, and 1768. Children of Rev. Mr. Potter Cole 
and Sarah his wife. Crest : A demi dragon. [Fairbairn 
gives several, but they all hold something in their claws.] 
Henhuvy. " Erm. a bull within bord. engr. sa. charged 
with 12 bezants" [Rudder, 497 : Christopher C, of 
Charlton, Esq., 1699] , impaling Whitson. 
COLESHULL. Cirencester. Seventeenth quartering or 
D' Anvers : " Chequy or and az. a chief 
arg. jutte du sans {sic).'" [Sir J. Maclean 
says " or and sa."] 
COLLES. Forthampton. Impaled with Dowdeswell, 

1706: " Gu. a chev. arg. pelletty, charged 
with 2 bars gemelles of the field betw. 3 
lions' heads erased or." [On monument, Coles, of Hatfield, 



^214 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

Herts. Elizabeth, d. of Tim. Coles, married Charles D.] 
Also impaled with Betts. [Alice, 1694, ^- J^^^^ C. and 
widow of Richard B. See Rudder, 451.] 
[COLLES.j Tewheshury. Impaled with [Laurence] : 

. . . (gu.) a chev. betw. 3 leopards' 
faces (arg.)," 1702. [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. Ill: Culpeper, d. and coh. of John C, of Catteslade, 
monument Caslet, married Anthony L., of Sevenhampton, 
M.D.] 

[COLLET,] Tewkesbury . Sa. on a chev. betw. 3 hinds 

(trippant) arg. as many annulets or," 

1 71 2. ' [Dyde's History, 6g, says Henry C, 

of this town.] Motto : " Conatus in magnis laudandus." 

"GOLMAN. Longhope. Arg. on a pale rayonee or a 

lion ramp, of the first," 1776. [False, 
really " Az. on a pale rayonee or a lion 
ramp, gu."] 

COLSTON. Fairfovd. " Az. an anchor erect or betw. 

2 dolphins arg. collared and chained of 
the second," ? 1775, Alexander C, of 
Filkins, Oxford. 
COMPTON. Blockley, co. Worcester. Impaled with Rush- 
out : " Sa. a lion pass, or betw. 3 helmets 
arg. garnished or," 1766. [Lady Anne C, 
fourth d. of George, Earl of Northampton, married the 
Rt. Hon. Sir James R.] On lozenge shield, ensigned with 
Earl's coronet : the same, impaling Rushout, 1750. [Rt. 
Hon. Eliz., Countess Dowager of Northampton.] Cirencester. 
Third shield on N. side, possibly of pillars. Quarterly i 
and 4: "A lion pass. betw. 3 helmets." 2 and 3: "(Arg.) 
a chev. (vert.) within bord. (az.) charged with roundlets 
(bezanty)." Abbot Thomas C. [The 2 and 3 is generally 
called an augmentation coat, but it seems old for that, 
and I think really belongs to Bavent, of Backwell, co. 
Somerset, whose lands the Comptons afterwards owned.] 
Hartptivy. As i and 4 in Cirencester. [But Rudder, 477, 
says " Sa. a lion pass, guard, or betw. 3 helmets close proper 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



215 



(? arg.)."] Also " Arg. a bar nebule gu. on a chief of the- 
second a helmet betw. 2 falcons' heads erased or," 1641 
[the bar is really a fess], impaling Meux, 1631. [Rudder,. 
477, says Compton, implying the first mentioned by him 
and not noticing the different coat ; but the monument is 
to William C, lord of the manor of Hartpury, and his 
wife Elinor, d. of Sir John M., Knt.] Also the last, with 
a crescent for diff., 1614. William, s. of William C. 
CONWAY. Southrop. " Sa. on a bend cotized arg. a. 

rose proper betw. 2 annulets gu." [Rudder,. 

681, says the coat is on a monument in the 
S. aisle to Sir Thomas C, lord of the manor, and his lady,, 
but there is no inscription.] 

COOKE. Elmore. On escut. of pret. on Guise and 

Snell quarterly: "Or a chev. chequy gu. 
and az. betw. 3 cinquefoils of the second, 
[Generally "az. and gu.," but the cinquefoils "az." Glos. Vis.y. 
1682, p. 82: Henry Guise, of Upton S. Leonards, ob. 1749,- 
married Mary 1750, d. of Edward C. and coh. to her brother 
Dennis, of Highnam.] Painswick. " Barry of 8 . . . and 
. . . in chief 3 torteaux," 1760. [Query really "Barry of 
6 az. and arg. on a chief of the last 3 annulets gu." There 
is no date of 1760 in Glos. Vis., 1682, pedigree.] Randwick, 
" Arg. 3 bars az. in chief 3 annulets gu.," 1769, and on 
atchment the same impaling King, 1783. Crest: A grifBn's 
head erased or in his beak an annulet gu. Also the last on 
shield with date 1792. \^Glos. N. and Q., i. 144, 1769: was 
Richard C, and 1792 Henry C] 

[COOKE.] Lechelade. Third shield, impaled with 
Bathurst : " Arg. a fess betw. 2 lions, 
pass, gu." [Generally the field is "or."' 
Lawrence B. married Susannah, d. of Thomas C, of Stan- 
ton, CO. Worcester.] Lidney. Impaled with Jones, 1732:. 
"(Or) a chev. lozengy {Glos. Vis., 1623: "chequy gu. and 
az.") betw. 3 cinquefoils (az.)." [Glos. Vis., 1682, 48 : Anne 
married (?) Roynon Jones; and Rudder, 530, where the 
coat is given correctly.] Tovtworth. "3 lions ramp." 



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[monument says C, 1840. The only one that it might be 
is: •* Sa. on a chev. betw. 3 Hons ramp, or, as many cinque- 
foils az."], impaling [Clarke, 1813]. 

COOPER. Rodborough, Window. " Arg. 3 martlets 

and a chief engr. gu. on the latter as 
many annulets or," 1795. Crest: A lion's 
j(a)mb erected and erased or holding a branch vert, 
fruited gu." Impaling Pinfold, 1792. [I cannot find 
marriage.] Stinchcomhe. Third quartering of Purnell, 
1866. No blazon. [Burke's Landed Gentry, 1898, under 
Purnell, says he quarters Cooper, but gives the crest and 
the arms in the engraving, which is the same as the 
Astley C, Bart., viz. " Vert a fess embat. or betw. 2 pheons 
points downwards in chief and in base 2 human thigh bones 
in saltire arg." The Rev. S. C. married Maria, d. and h. of 
James Bransby, of Norfolk, the second quartering; and their 
son married Anne, sole h. of William Purnell ; whilst their 
son took the name of Purnell and died in 1866.] Tethiiry. 
Escut. of pret. on Harvey, 1791 : " Az. a tortoise erect or," 
1789. 

CORBET. Ebrington. Second quartering of Fortescue : 

Or a raven proper." [This does not seem 
to be a direct quartering.] Fairford. Second 
quartering of Dennys, impaled with Lygon, 1560 : " Or a 
raven proper within a bord. gu. charged with bezants." 
[Glos. Vis., 1623, 49 : William D. married Margaret, d. and 
h. of Walter Corbett.] Prhtknash. Second quartering of 
Dennis : " A (rg.) a raven close S (able) on a border S (able) 
12 bezants." [The same as last.] 

[CORDELL.] Newland. 2 and 3 quartering of [Oldmixon], 
1789, really [Caulx], which see ; but 
Papworth says C, as no Armories give 
such to Caulx. 
CORNWALL. Bishops Cleevc. Remains from Playles Abbey. 

I : "Arg. a lion ramp, [false, really " gu."] 
crowned or within bord. sa. bezanty," 

Richard, Earl of Cornwall. He also bore, 2 : "Or eagle 



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217 



displ, sa.," as King of the Romans. Down Anipney. Sixth 
quartering of Hungerford: " Erm. within bord. sa. 
bezantee a hon ramp, gu." Kempsfovd. Stone shield. No 
blazon. 

[CORNWALL.] Todington. Glass in E. window. " Arg. a 
lion ramp. gu. within bord. sa. bezanty," 

Wotton Undevedge. Impaled w^ith 

Master: . . . on fess 3 plates . . ." [Rudder, 851, 

says " Arg. on a fess sa. 3 plates fretty of the second," but 
gives no family. Papworth says C, Dorset, 1608. Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 120, gives the arms of Master quartering C, 
but no blazon, and says George M., of Cirencester, married 
Bridget, d. and sole h. of John C, of Marlboro, Wilts, 
Esq. ; so this ought to be an escut. of pret.] Didbrooke, in 
E. window, and Hayles. Same as Bishops Cleeve, only right. 
COSSINS. Redland in Westhiiry -on-Trim. Quarterly i 

and 4, impaled with Marissal, 1739: " Az. 

a lion ramp or goutte de sang, and ducally 
croAvned gu." [Rudder, 803 : Mary C, 1757, married 
Nicholas M.] In lozenge shield. The same, being Mary, 
1757. The same, 1759, impaling Innys quarterly. [Rudder, 
803 : John C, founder of the chapel, married Martha, 
d. of Andrew I., of Bristol, gent.] In lozenge shield. 
C. quarterly, impaling Innys, 1762. Mrs. Martha, as last. 
[COSTER.] Newland. " Erm. a chev. or and sa. (query 

" per pale or and sa.") counterchanged," 

1 71 8 [Barrett's Bristol, plate, p. 299, gives 
this on the Coster monument in Bristol Cathedral], 
impaling [Chambers, 1734]. 

COSTER. Wotton Undevedge. Impaling Rous, 1721 : 

" Erm. a chev. per pale or (or and) and sa." 
[This is the correct blazon. Rudder, 851 : 
Jane, eldest d. of Mr. Thomas Rouse, of this Town, and wife 
of Mr. Thomas Coster. But Barrett says : *' He married 
Astrea, d. of Sir John Smyth, of Long Ashton, Bart., and 
left one d. by his first wife Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Rous, of 
Wotton Underedge." Jane died in 1721, aged 23, and 



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the date of his death on the cathedral monument is 1739^ 

so there is a confusion of Christian names.] . 

COSYN. Hawheshiry. ImpaHng Trye : Arg. a chev. 

ermines (Rudder " erm.") betw. 3 wolves" 
heads erased sa.," 1689. \Glos. Vis., 1682,. 
p. 49 : Edward C, of Hillersley, co. Glouc, married 
secondly Frances, eldest d. of William T,, of Hardwicke 
Court.] 

COUCHMAN. Sodhiiry Chipping, " Sa. 3 cinquefoils, 2 and: 
I betw. 3 cross croslets arg.," 1776. Crest :. 
A demi lion sa., semee of cross croslets arg. 

holding betw. his paws a cinquefoil of the last. [Armory 

says 9 crosses croslet instead of 3.] 

COLTON or Down Hatherley. Third shield, marshalled 
[COULTON.] "vvith Brett : " Or a saltire engr. betw. 4 

crosses croslet sa.," [Really, " Sa., &c., 

betw. &c., or." George Brett, 1677, niarried Joyce C, 1662.] 
COURTENAY. Doimi Ampney. Eighth quartering of 

Hungerford : "Or 3 torteauxes in chief, 

a label of 3 points charged with 3 fleurs-de- 
lis (of the field) each." [Papworth says Thomas C, seventh 
Earl of Devon, he was either 14th or 15th, or 5th and 6th 
Courtenay ; I can find no heiress C. marriage with H., so I 
suppose the seventh quartering which Bigland leaves out 
was Redvers.] Dyrham. Fifth coat in M.S. of John Smyth, 
of Nibley. " Or 3 torteaux and a label az." Horton. Escut. 
of pret. on Paston and Chichester. *' Or 3 torteauxes a 
file of as many points gu." [The label being "gu." instead 
of az." means a younger branch, which Rudder, 501, says 
was of Holland, Devon, as Mary, d. of John C, and coh. 
of her brother John, married as his first wife William P.] 
COVENTRY. Ehrington. ? Impaled with Keyt, 1702, 

quartering Taylor : " Sa. a fess erm. betw. 

3 crescents or," and the same escut. of pret. 
on Keyt, 1702, with 3 quarterings. [Rudder, 436, and 
Burhe's Extinct Bart s.: Sir William K., 2nd Bart., married 
Elizabeth, d. and eventually sole h. of the Hon. Francis C.,. 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



219 



second s. by second wife of the Lord Keeper.] Kempsfovd. 
Impaled with Thynne, 1680. The same. [Sir Henry 
Frederick T., Knt., and created Bart. 1641, married Mary,, 
d. of the Lord Keeper.] Todington. Second quartering of 
Keyt, impaled with Tracy, 1758. *«See above. 
COX(E). Cirencester. Sixth shield in Jesus Chr.pel.- 

" Arg. a chev. betw. 3 stags' attires sa.' 

[Sir J. Maclean says the tinctures reversed. 
Papworth says the first is Cocks, 1730.] Painswich. " Arg. 
a bend sa. and in chief point (sinister chief ) an oak leaf az.," 
1767. Crest: A cock [more often a goat's head arg. attired 
or holding in its mouth an oak leaf az.]. Rodmarton. " Sa.- 
a chev. betw. 3 bucks attires or, with the scalp arg.," 1730. 
Crest : A cock ppr. The same, impaled with Shellard,, 
1785. The same, 1781, impaling Kite [i.e. Keyt), 1758. 
The same, 1779, impaling Weare, 1777. [Rudder, 633, 
says 1730, was the Rev. John Cox rector of North Cerney 
and of Rodmarton. I cannot find the Shellard and Kite 
marriages, but the last one, Thomas Chamberlayne C, 
married Anne, d. and coh. of George Weare, Esq., of 
Cirencester.] Swindon. Sa. a chev. arg. betw. 3 pairs of 
stags' horns sable" [false, really stags' horns fixed to the 
scalp of the second], 1847. Crest: A pair of stags' horns 
(as in the arms). Motto : " Prodesse quam conspici." See 
also Cocks, 1724, Cirencester. 

COXETER. Lechelade. Impaled with Bathurst, 1765:. 

" (Arg.) a chev. betw. 3 cocks' heads erased 
(gu crested and jelloped or)," 1788. [Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 13, says Edward B. married Barbara, d. of 
Rich. C, of Bampton, Oxfordshire. I suppose this to be 
the marriage intended, but the dates of death are different.] 
First of 3 shields. " Arg. a chev. betw. 3 cocks' heads 
erased gu.," 1671 - 1701, impaling [? Chute]. Second 
shield. Quarterly i and 4, C, 1699, 2 and 3, Bathurst. 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 12: George C. died 1699, aged 13; his 
father was George C, of Kennington, Berks, who married 
Mary, d. and h. of Lawrence B. and Susanna Cooke.] 



220 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



COXWELL. Bihiyy. Arg. a bend wavy sa. betw. 6 
fighting cocks gu.," 1754, John of Abhngton. 
[According to Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 52, he was 
the son of the next pair, and he married Mary Westmacott, 
so there ought to be an impahng.] The same, impahng 
Head, 1699-1700. [Charles C, ob. 1701-2, married 
Eleanor, d. of Lawrence H., of Winterborn, co. Berks.] 
Cirencester. Eighth shield in Jesus Chapel. The same. 
Ttirkdean. Atchment. Impaled with Nelthorpe : " Arg. a 
bene' wavy sa. betw. 6 dunghill cocks gu." [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 52 : Elizabeth, d. and h. of Henry C. and Leonora 
Dodwell, married Sir Montague Nelthorpe, ob. 1722, Bart.] 
•CRADOCK. Ruerdean. " Az. semee of cross croslets and 
3 boars' heads erased arg.," 1778. [The 
boars' heads were " couped close" in 
Pershore Church.] Slimbridge. Impaling Nourse : "Arg. 
3 boars' heads coupt sa.," 1727. [Papworth says "Armed 
or langued gu." Rudder, 670, says William C, rector of 
this parish. The marriage is not in the Visitation or Landed 
Gentry.] 

•CRESWICKE. Moreton Henmarsh. " On an atchievement a 
lion ramp., 17 . . . [or a lion ramp, guard, 
gu." The Creswickes were at Hanham.] 
CREW. Wotton Underedge. Impaled with Adey : 

"Az. a lion ramp, arg.," 1740. [Rudder, 
851, says Mrs. Bridged, wife of Daniel A., 
and names the arms C] 
CRIPPS. Cirencester. Sir James Maclean says "(Or) 

on a chev. (vert.) 5 horseshoes (of the 
field)," 1782, impahng Hall. [Joseph C, 
of Cirencester, married Hester, d. of Wilham H., of 
Arlington, co. Glouc. Burke's Landed Gentry, 1898, p. 345.] 
CROFT. Bleckley, CO. Worcester. Impaling Beaumont, 

171 1 : "Quarterly per fess indented az. 
and or in the first quarter a lion pass, guard, 
of the second," 1706. [Monument says Edward C, of 
JSIorthwick, married Jane B.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



221 



CROMWELL. Eastington. Second quartering of Knevet 
on two shields : " Arg. a bend az. and chief 
gu." [John de Clyfton, of Buckenham 
Castle, Norfolk, married Elizabeth, d. and at length coh. of 
Ralph C, Lord Cromwell. As t^iis comes in with the 
marriage of Elizabeth Clyfton with Sir John Knevet, it 
seems as if the marshalling was wrong, and that Clyfton 
ought to be second, since in the Charlton shield it comes 
sixth in its proper place. This coat is given in Jackson and 
Aubrey's plate as " Arg. a chief gu. over all a bend engr. 
az.," which Papworth gives as " Per chief gu. and arg."] 
Also on lozenge shield, second quartering of Knevet, 1518 : as 
before. [Monument says Elizabeth K., d. of Sir William K., 
Knt., of Buckenham Castle, Norfolk, by Joan his second 
wife, sister of Edward, Duke of Buckingham, styled Lady 
Beaumont.] Henhuvy. Escut. of pret. on Southwell, 1730 : 
" Quarterly or and az. 4 lions pass, counterchanged," 1709. 
[This should be *' Quarterly per fess indented az. and or, 
4 lions pass, counterchanged." Edward S. married Lady 
Elizabeth, sole d. and h. of Vere Essex C, Baron Oakham, 
Viscount Lekale, and (4th) Earl of Ardglass. Rudder, 496.] 
Paimtley. Sixth atchment. Impaled with WhitTington : 
" Per pale and per fess dancette az. and arg." (?) Cromwell. 
[I think this is intended for Fitzwarren. The celebrated Sir 
Richard W. married Alice F., when it would be sa. and arg.] 
Pveston-upon-Avon. Fifth shield in windows. Impaled with 
Atlee : " Per pale and per fess dancette gu. and or in 
the first quarter a lion pass, of the second." (?) Cromwell. 
[This is more likely Massy, but I cannot find marriage.] 
Standish. Third quartering of Winstone : " Sa. a lion 
rampt. arg." (?) Cromwell, alias Williams. [This is really 
Odwin ap Tithwalch, whose d. and h. Clothyan married.] 
CROOME. Hovsley. . (gu.j a chev. . . (erm.) betw. 

3 fleurs-de-hs . . (arg.)," 1726. [The 
pedigree in Burke's Landed Gentry, 1898, 
does not go back far enough to say for certain who this 
was ; there they are stated to be of North Cerney-. Monument 



222 



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says John C, senior, and Elizabeth his wife, 1733 ; John C.,. 
junior, 1738, and Sarah his wife, 1767 ; James, 1757, and. 
Sarah his wife.] 

[? CROSIER.] Stroud. Impaled with Arundel, 1742 : " Az. 

on a fess arg. betw. 3 saltires humette 
crossed at the ends or 3 Cornish choughs 
sa.," 1742. [Rudder, 715: Thomas A. and Anne his wife, 
d. of Thomas Gregory, of Hordley, co. Oxford ; and Bigland 
names them Gregory, but Gregory's arms were quite 
different. See Oxford Vis. : a Gregory is called Crozier, so it 
looks as if the wrong coat was used.] 

[? CROSSLEY.] Painswick. Impaled with Mostley (Moseley),. 

1769: "... a cross betw. 4 eagles. . ." 

[Glos. N, and Q., i. 181, says {nee Crossley) 
which would be " Sa. a cross betw. 4 

martlets or," C, of co. Berks.] 

DE CRUPES. Whittington. " Six lozenges 3.2.1. and a 
label of 5 points." [Rudder, 816: "Six 
lozenges or 3.2.1." Really, "Arg. six 

lozenges gu.," though they may be mascles, not lozenges 

voided by the sculptor, with a label of 5, generally 3 points 

az.] Also I and 3 of 3 shields, the same. 

CULLEN. Sherborne. Escut. of pret. and impaled 

with DuTTON, 1742-3: "Or an eagle displ.. 
gu." [Rudder, 651, note: Sir John D., last 

Bart., married first Mary, only child of Sir Rushout C, 

Bart.] 

CULPEPER. Miserden. Several shields of Sandys and C.,. 

also second quartering of Sandys, 1640 : 
"Arg. a bend engr. gu.," 1644. [Rudder, 

554, note : Sir William S., third son of Myles S., married 

Margaret, d. and h. of Walter C, of Hanburrough, co.. 

Oxford, Esq.] 

[CURWEN.] Bishop's Cleeve. "Fret and chief," really 
"Arg. a fret and chief az.," 1708-9. 
[Rudder, 373 : Rev. William C, rector of 
this parish.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



223 



I? CUTTS.] Badminton. 2 and 3 quartering of [Lock- 
wood], 1720: " Erm. on a bend engr. 3 
roundels," [*'Erm. on a bend engr. 

sa. 3 plates " is C, but I cannot find marriage.] 

ID'ABITOT.] Twining. 2 and 3 quartering of the 2 and 3 
grand quarters of Clare, 1577, stated to 
be Strange in error. Really, " Or 2 lions 

pass, guard, in pale, the one in chief gu., the other az." 

[Thomas Ryce married Margaret, d. and h. of John 

D'Abitot. Shropshire Vis., p. 113.] 

JDACRES.] Stanway. Impaled with Atkyns on fourth 

atchment : " Arg. a chev. sa. betw. 3 
torteauxes, each charged with an escallop 

arg.," [Sir Edward A. married Ursula, d. of Sir T. D., 

of Cheshunt, Herts.] 

DALBY. Tethnry. ' With escut. of pret., Gastrell, 

1785 : " Barry wavy of 6 arg. (? or) and gu. 
a crescent for difference," 1773. [Monument 
says Jane, d. of James G., married James D. ; but it must 
have been late in life that she became an heiress, unless 
Gastrell pedigree in Glos. Vis., 1681, p. 71 is wrong.] Also the 
same, dated 1785. 

[DALEY.] Nibley. " Barry wavy of 6 . . . (? or and 

gu.)," 1730. Crest: A demi griffin (segreant 
ppr.). [There is no date on the Tetbury 
monument tallying with this.] 

[? DALE.] Frampton-ttpon- Severn. Ancient house win- 

dows. Impaled with Codrington : " Sa. on 
a chev. or betw. 3 falcons arg. as many 

roundlets." [Papworth says "On chev. 5 torteaux" is Dale, 

but I can find no Codrington marriage.] 

DALLAWAY. Minchin Hampton. Impaling Bradley, 1765 : 
" (Or) on a bend (gu.) betw. 6 martlets (sa.) 
a broken spear (of the first)," 1764. [Misc. 
Gen. et Her., i. 286 : John D., of Brimscomb, formerly of 
Aston, Birmingham, married Rebekah Bradley. Her brother's 
monument Rudder gives on p. 471.] Also the same, 1776, 



224 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



impaling Hopton and quarterings. [William D., son of 
the above, married Elizabeth, d. of Richard H., of Worcester.] 
Also different arms: "Barry of 6 arg. and az. on a chief gu. 

2 pellets (pallets) or, over all a spear in bend ppr.," 1790. 
Crest : A demi lion (ramp.) sa. collared chequy or and az. 
holding betw. his paws a shield gu. charged with a cross 
croslet fitchee or. [This is the coat and crest of the Rev. 
James D., eldest s. of James, seventh s. of John and Rebekah, 
and Secretary of the Earl Marshall; he died 1834, 
there must have been a juvenile death not recorded in 
pedigree.] 

DANTESEY. Cirencester. Twelfth shield of D'Anvers :. 

" Parti per pale or and az. over all a bend 

nebuly gu." [Really, " Per pale or and arg. 3. 
bars nebulie gu.," Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Traits., xvii. 300,. 
so this shield was read wrong.] Down Ampney. Third 
quartering of Danvers, impaled with Hungerford. 
[D'Anvers inherited D. through the Stradhngs, whose h- 
Sir John married.] " Barry nebuly gu. and or." [This 
also without the " parti per pale" is not D.] 
D'ANVERS. Cirencester. Two shields, i : " Gu. a chev, 

betw. 3 mullets pierced or." [Glos. Trans.,. 

xvii. 299 : Ancient coat of D.] 2 : " Arg. 
on a bend gu. 3 martlets (? popinjays ppr.) or winged vert."^ 
[Really, Brancester. Richard D., of Cothorp, co. Oxford, 
married the h. of B.] Down Ampney. Quarterly i and 4,. 
impaled with Hungerford. The second. [Sir Anthony H. 
married Dorothy D.] Dyvham. M.S. of John Smyth, of 
Nibley. Third shield. 2 and 3 quartering of Dennys, na 
blazon. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 49: Sixth quartering, "Arg. 
on a bend gu. three martlets or," and p. 50, Sir Walter 
Dennys married Agnes, d. and coh. of Sir Robert Davers 
{sic).'] MicUeton. " (Arg., Rudder 547, erm.) on a bend (gu.) 

3 martlets (or, winged vert.)," 1688. [Mrs. Dorothy Swan. 
Cap. Richard S. married Dorothy D.] Eighth shield on 
dexter side of monument. "... on a bend ... 3 martlets 
. . ." [This must mean the same person as the last, but I 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 225; 

cannot trace her in other pedigrees; perhaps she married 
twice.] 

[DANVERS.] Prinhiash. Sixth quartering of Dennis in 
pedigree. " A (arg.) on a bend G (gu.) 3 

martlets . . . (or),"'- [SeeG/<?5. 1623, 

above.] 

[? DARELL.] Cirencester. N. aisle. 2 and 3 (? either 2 or 
3) quartering of Barkley or Berkeley : 
"(Az.) a lion ramp, (or) crowned (gu. 
generally arg.)." [Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 285, gives 
this shield as quarter^, i : " Sa. a pile gu.," Chandos. 
This is false; it should be "or," may be "arg. a pile gu." 
2 : D. as above. -3: Bridges. 4: Berkeley of Coberley ; 
and below says the carver interchanged the first and third 
quarterings. Bigland gives the Chandos as a separate 
shield, but does not fill up the 4 quartering. No doubt i 
ought to be Bridges, 2 Darel, 3 Berkeley, 4 Chandos, as it 
is the shield of Sir Giles Bridges, ob. 15 12, whose father 
married Florence, d. of William Darell ; his g. grandfather 
married Alice, d. and h. of Sir Thomas Berkeley, who 
married Elizabeth, sister and coh. of John, Lord Chandos.]: 
Down Ampney. Fourteenth quartering of Hungerford : " Or 

a lion ramp, crowned az.," [In Jackson's and Aubrey's 

Wilts., plates xl. and xli., in the first there is no lion, in the 
second there is a lion az., but uncrowned, given as Redvers, 
but might be Percy without its quarterings ; the other 
lion is crowned, but within bordure, viz. Burneli Therefore 
I think, although the tinctures are reversed, this may 
represent the Hungerford-Darell alliance ; if not, it is more 
likely to be Clevedon, which is " crowned gu."] Minchin 
Hamptan. Impaled with Sheppard, 1749: "A lion ramp» 
crowned." \Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 168 : Samuel S., of Hampton, 
married Ann, d. of . . . (Edward) Darrell (of Rock- 
hampton.)] 

DASHWOOD. Chnvchdown. Impaled with really Austen : 
Arg. on a fess double cotised gu. 3 griffins' 
heads erased or." See Austin. [Rudder,. 



226 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



341, gives Austen's coat, but not the impaling. See Burke's 
Extinct. Barts., p. 29.] 

DASTON. Wovmington. Second shield with Savage. 

Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3, Dumbleton : 
" Gu. on a bend or 3 estoiles sa.," 1605. 
[Query John or Richard D. See Glos. Vis., 1623, pp. 57 and 
240.] The same, 1641, with crest: A reindeer's head and 
neck affronte with an arrow run through the neck, [Query 
Anthony D. Rudder, 845, says he died 12 C.I., 1637, so 
perhaps this is his son Richard.] 

[PDATCHELER.] Tewkesbury. . . a . . . int (betw. 3 Cath. 

wheels . . ." 1696, [Monument says 

D., of London. I cannot find arms ; probably 
a guild coat.] 

DAUBENEY. Franipton Cotterel. Third shield in windows 
of 1607, impaling Arundel quarterly : " Gu. 
3 lozenges in fess erm." [Generally arg., 
erm. is Dynham. Giles, Baron D., married Elizabeth, d. 
of Sir John Arundel, of Cornwall.] Stvatton. Impaled with 
Pitt: " Gu. 5 mascles (? fusils or lozenges) conjoined in fess 
or (really arg.)," 1792. [Landed Gentry: Ann, d. of Andrew 
D., of Bristol, and Mary Drewett, married Joseph Pitt, of 
Eastcourt, Wilts.] 

DAUNT. Oldpen. Quarterly i and 4 with Oldpen : 

" Arg. a chev. betw. 3 birds " {Glos. Vis., 
1623, choughs ; Rudder, cornish choughs 
proper; 1682 Vis., cocks') heads erased sa. (1623, beaked 
or; 1682, beaked gu.)," 1776. Crest: A buglehorn or (1623, 
stringed sa. garnished or; 1682, sa.). \_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 213 : 
John D., ob. 1522, married Marjery, d. and coh. to Robert 
Ouldpen. There is no date in the pedigrees that tallies 
with this.] 

[DAVIE.] Henhiiry. Arg. a chev. sa. betw. 3 mullets 
pierced gu.," , impaling Query, 32. 

DAVIES. Avlingham. Impaled with Hodges, 1784 : 

(Sa.) a goat (arg. attired or) standing upon 
a child (ppr.) in a cradle (gu.) and on a 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



227 



mount under (feeding on) an oak-tree (vert) fructed (or)." 
[Query Davis.] Slimhvidge. " Or a chev. betw. 3 mullets 
sa. pierced of the field," 1742. Crest : A talbot trippant 
sa. [Rudder, 670 : " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 mullets or 
pierced of the field." Papworth gives " Or and pierced 
mullets both az. and sa." D., of London. The usual 
one is " Arg. a chev. sa. betw. 3 mullets gu. pierced 
or." Rudder says William D., of Moorend, in this parish.] 
The same, ? 1818, impaling [Jenner], ? 1812. The same, 
impaling Buckle, 181 6. Titherington. "Or a chev. 
betw. 3 mullets sa. pierced of the field," 1769, impaling 
HoBBS, 1766. 

[DAVIES ] Stonehouse. Quarterly i and 4: " Az. a cross 

fleury or betw. 4 castles or," 2 and 3 : 

" Gu. a chev. sa. betw. 3 mullets sa.," 

[This last is false altogether, but as monument says Davies, 
it surely must be intended for one of the readings of D. given 
before. The i and 4 also, I think, is a wrong blazon, it most 
probably is a Welsh coat.] 

[DAVIS.] Clifton, Bristol. " (Sa.) chev. erm. betw. 

3 cinquefoils (erm.)," impaling "a saltire,'' • 
Query 18, 1758. Monument says 

Mary, wife of George Davis, of Ducklington, Oxford. 

DAVIS. Hovsley. "Or a chev. sa. betw. 3 mullets 

(...) pierced of the field," 1749. [This 
is one of the readings of the blazons given 
in Davies. 

DAWES. Wotton Undevedge. " Az. 3 mullets arg." 

(Rudder, 850, 2 and i), 1712. Crest : A 
mullet betw. 2 wings. [Rudder does not 
give the crest, nor Fairbairn, therefore I cannot give 
tinctures, but most probably, as in arms, the date is 
Richard D.'s death on the first monument, the others are 
1711, 1713, and I739-] 

DAWNEY. King's Stanley. On pulpit cloth. " Arg. on 

a bend cottised sa. 3 annulets of the first," 
impaling Escourt. 

17 

Vol. XXVIII. 



228 



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DAY. Cirencester. In churchyard. " (Erm.) on 2 

chief indented (az.) 2 eaglets displ. (arg.)," 
1758. [Rudder, 366, says Richmond D. 
and his wife, Mary Ainge, with whose shield this is 
marshalled, both died in the same 3'ear. He makes the 
eaglets "or"; this is wrong.] Marston. "Per chev. (? or 
and az.) 3 mullets counterchanged)," 1697., Rev. Richard 
D. and Anne, his wife. 

DAYRELL. Ehrington. Two shields, both impaled with 

Keyt, 1701. On first: " Arg. on 3 bars sa. 
6 cinquefoils (3.2.1.) of the field." On 
second, the same, only with date 1681. [This is for Mary 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 102) D., spelled Darrell there, d. of 
Walter D., of Abendonia (Abingdon), Berks., who married 
first Rev. John Morris, S.T.D., of Saresden, Oxon., and, 
secondly, Thomas Keyt, of Wolford Magna, co. Warwick. 
DE BARRY. Bishop's Cleeve. Third escutcheon fixed to 
chimney piece at Southam. " Pal}- of 6 
arg. and sa. over all 4 bars qu." [^Glos. Vis.^ 
1623, p. 49: Kennard De la Bere married Joane, d. and coh. 
of Sir Thomas Barry, Knt. Curiously this quartering does 
not appear in those at the head of the pedigree, unless it is 
the curious blazon of No. 6 in brackets. Hereford Vis., 1569^ 
says also Joan was one of the heirs of her brother Sir John,, 
but I cannot find date of their being knighted.] In the 
church Fifth quartering of De la Bere, the same. 
DEACON. Loiver Siddington. "Az. a cross betw. 4 lions 

ramp, or, on a chief arg. 3 roses gu.," 1736. 
Crest : A horse's head erased (? per fess or and 
az.). [Rudder, 662, says Thomas D., late of Elmstree, in 
the parish of Tetbury.] Teihnry. The above, with the only 
difference of the "chief" being "or," 1769. Also two more 
with dates 1731 and 1747. [Rudder, 732, gives two monuments, 
and the arms as " Arg. a cross betw. 4 lions ramp. sa. on a 
chief az. 3 roses proper." I think the first is right, as the 
roses are "gu.," in Rudder's they would be "arg." Curiously 
both Nayler and Atkyns give to Deacon, of Tetbury, the first: 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



229 



" Arg. a cross az., ? quarter pierced of the field"; the other 
has the same, only the field or." No such Deacon seems 
known, so it must be counted as an error. 1769 is not given 
in Rudder. 1731 is Mrs. Mary D., widow, d. of Mr. Thomas 
Haynes, of Bristol. 1747, Mrs. (? by courtesy) Esther D., d. 
of Thomas D., the Siddington one and the 173 1 one.] 

[DEACON.] Cirencester, " Gross betw. 4 lions ramp.," , 

1723. [This is only part of the coat, see 
above, of Thomas D., of Tetbury. Sir J. 
Maclean read this coat, Glos. Trans., xvii. 306, as Az. a cross 
cotised arg. betw. 4 lions ramp, of the second, on a chief 
arg. 3 roses gu." I expect the cotised " consisted of the 
cross in, relief, as it is not likely it would be so ; it would be 
either voided or fimbriated, but it proves Bigland's blazon.] 
[DEANE.] Dean Michel (Micheldean). Great west 

window. "Az. on a chief arg. 2 (? 3) 

mullets gu.," , impaling Baynham. 

[Baynham is really RafFe ap Eignon. See Glos. Vis., 1623, 
pp. 13 and 14. Joane, d. and coh. of Sir William D., Knt., 
lord of Greate Deane, co. Glos., married Raffe, so this shield 
has been reversed.] Third of three shields. Quarterly 2 and 
3 with I and 4 : Baynham impaHng Greyndowr. [This 
shield has also been reversed, as well as wrongly marshalled, 
for according to pedigree Lawrance G. married Margaret, d. 
of RafFe, lord of Abrahall, she being the d. of another Raffe, 
who married Isabel, the other d. and coh. of Sir William D.] 
Wotton Underedge. Second quartering of Bainham, 1667, 
impaled with Clutterbuck. " Az. on a chief ... 3 
mullets . . ." 

DEARDS. Lower Slaughter, Impaled with Whitmore, 

1667 : "... a bend," , 1673. [Ideally, 

"Arg. a bend betw. 6 mullets sa." Richard 
W. married secondly Catherine, d. and coh. of Robert D., of 
London, so this might have been an escut. of pret.] 
[DECKER.] Oddington. Fourth atchment. Impaled with 
Talbot : " Arg. a demi stag holding arrow 
in pale gu." [Burke's Extinct Barts.y 1^5^ 



230 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



plate, gives this as " a demi stag salient erased, holding betw. 
forelegs an arrow in pale point downwards," and certainly 
''or." Henrietta Maria, second d. and coh. (so this ought to 
be an escut. of pret.), married, 1737, Hon. John, second s. of 
Lord Cliancellor Talbot, but died s.p.] 

? DECORS. Cheltenham. Fifth quartering of Lygon on 

atchievement : " Or a cross pierced az." 
[Quarter pierced, Wore, Vis., 1569. I can- 
not find this family or arms. I suppose it comes in with 
Bracey, so might be those of Thomas Dragonne le Coneux, 
whose heir John B. married.] 

[? DEIGHTON.] Qiiedgley. Impaled with Berrow, 1651 : 
" Arg. a lion pass. betw. 3 cross croslets 

(Rudder, fitchy) gu." [Rudder, 613, 

says Richard, s. of Edmund and Eleanor B. If the same 
as in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 19, he was s. of Edmund and 
Mary Fowler, not of Edmund's second wife, Eleanor Helmes, 
whose wife's name was Angeletta, but I cannot find an 
Angeletta D.] 

THOMAS DE Hafdwicke. "Vert a bend betw. 6 crosses 
DEORHYRSTE. 1 , „ ry . r 4 1 . 

croslet or, 1431. [1 cannot iind arms, but 

Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 14, says Thomas Derhurst 

married Margaret, d. of Robert ap Eignon, Baynham ancestor, 

which would be about the date ; it also might be the arms of 

one of the priors.] . 

DE LA BERE. Cheltenham. Illustration of Sir Richard, 
Knt. Banneret, receiving his cognizance 
from Edward the Black Prince at the 
battle of Crecy, 1347. " Az. a bend 01 betw. 2 cotises arg. 
and 6 martlets of the second." Crest : The helmet with 
open visor is in profile, but the ducal coronet and plume of 
5 feathers faces one ; his corset is blazoned with his arms. 
Bishop's Cleeve. Tenth shield of remains from Hayles Abbey. 
Quarterly i and 4 with Huddlestone: " Az. a bend arg. 
cotised or betw. 6 martlets of the last." [_Glos. Vis., 1623, 
p. 49 : Kennard D. married Elizabeth, d. — it does not say 
and h., which I cannot find — of Sir John H., Knt.] Southam, 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



231 



Chimney piece. No blazon, but quarterly of 8. Two small 
shields, i : D. impaling Walwyne. [George D. married 
Sibbell, d. of Thom. W., of Hollins.] 2 : D. impaling 
Huddlestone [as before]. Bishop's Cleeve. Church. 
Quarterly of 9. The same as Bishop's Cleeve above. Three 
shields, i : D. impaling Walweyne. See above. 2 : D. 
impaling Huddleston. See above. 3 : D. impaling 
Newman quarterly with Query, 16. [Richard D., of 
Southam, 1623, married Margaret, d. of N., co. Worcester] 
Presthiivy. Atchments. i : Grand quarters i and 4. Quar- 
terly I and 4: " Az. on (? what, perhaps a cadency charge) 
a bend arg. cotised or betw. 6 martlets of the second." 
Crest: Out of a ducal coronet or a plume of (hve) feathers 
per pale arg. and az. ? The same, 1739, impaled with 
Baghott, 1725. [Anne, d. of John D., married William B., 
of Prestbury.] ? The same, 1746. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 57: 
Grace, d. of John D. and Anne Stephens, ob. 1746, aged 77.] 
Randwick. Impaled with Field. The same as Prestbury, 
without the ''on." [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 57: Joan, d. of 
John D. and Anne Stephens, married Edward F., of Stroud. 
? She died s.p. 1730.] 

[DE LA BERE.] Cheltenham. Impaled with D'Ewes. The 

same as the Cheltenham one above, ,, 

1780. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 57: Harriot 
Joane, d. of John D. and Anne Pitt, married John Dewes^ 
whilst her sister Anne married Barnard Dewes, with the 
date 1790. The variations of the De la Bere coat seem, 
numerous. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 49 : "[Azure] a bend betw. 
6 martlets [or]." Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 56: " Az. a bend or 
cotised arg. betw. 6 martlets of the second." Bedford, in 
his blazon of Episcopacy, gives " Az. a bend cotised or 
betw. six mullets of the second " ; decidedly wrong. 
Rudder : " Az. a bend arg. cotised or betw. six martlets 
of the last " ; but it seems that the older stem bore 
the bend and martlets or and the cotises arg., whilst 
the Southam branch bore the bend arg., and the cotises 
and martlets or.] 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 

.? DE LA MERE Minchiii Hampton. Effigy shield. ''In sinister 
chief an eagle displ." (head sinisterways 
very uncommon unless doubleheaded). 
DE LA MORE Frainpton on Sevent. Tenth quartering of 
Bell: " Arg. 3 moorcocks ppr." [I can 
find no such arms. Moore or More, of 
Devon, bore " Arg. a chev. betw. 3 moorcocks sa."] 
{DE LA WARR.] Painswick. Impaled with Newland, 1791 : 
Gu. seemee of cross croslets fitchee and 

a lion ramp, arg.," [Arms say this.] 

[DELVES.] Fairford. On second bannerol. Impaled 

with Barker: "Arg. a chev. gu. frette or 
betw. 3 billets sa." [This shield has been 
reversed, perhaps read the wrong side through, for it was 
Sir Thomas D., last Bart., that married, thirdly, Elizabeth, 
d. of Andrew B., of Fairford, whilst her son Henry, 
ob. V. p, caused the baronetc}^ to become extinct. Biivhes 
Ext. Barts., 157.] 

D'ENGHAIN Matson. In manor house window. Seventh 
quartering of Ufford and Willoughby : 
" Gu. a fess dancette betw. 6 crosses pattee 
or." [G. E. C, viii. 75: Sir Adam de Welles, ob. 1311, 
married Joan, d. and h. of John D'Engaine, of Grimsby, so 
this comes in with Welles, the sixth quartering.] 
DENMARK. Wotton Underedge. Arms of the King of D. 

(No blazon.) [I can only give the usual 
one : " Or semee of bodyhearts gu. 3 lions 
pass, guard, in pale az."] 
DENNYS. Dyvham. First shield of M.S. of John 

Smyth, of ISlible}^ " Gu. a bend engr. az. 
betw. 3 leopards' faces jessant (de h^s) or," 
quartering Baskerville [but I cannot find this alliance]. 
[This bend azure is certainly old, but it causes the coat 
to be false. Glos. Vis.^ 1623, p. 49, gives it so, and 
"betw. 2 leopards' faces"; the latter has no doubt arisen 
from the dexter chief one of the two being hid or partially 
so by the bend. Burhe's Armory gives this bend as "arg."; 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



233 



it also gives " Az. the bend betw. 3 faces arg. jessant de 13'S 
or," and there are other varieties. In Bigland's plates of 
shields it is given as the first; but Nayler gives D., of 
Pucklechurch, with the "bend arg."; also it is so at 
Olveston, Glos. Trans., xii. 326. One cannot help feeling 
that it has arisen owing to a misreading of ar. and az. 
I do not think the Grant has been published.] In the 
second shield of John Smyth's, D. is the same, and the 
first of a quarterly coat. Also the third, where it is i 
and 4, and the thirteenth singly. Elmore, Third shield 
on chimney piece in court. Impaled with Guise. The 
same as the first. [^Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 73 : William G. 
married Cecilia, d. of Jo. D., of Puckelchurch.] Fairford. 
Quarterly, impaled with Lygon, 1560. Illustration. Field 
not given, unless it is "arg. a bend az.," and in the blazon 
the same as the first, except the metal of the faces and lys 
is not given. [Roger L. married Katherine, d. of Sir William 
Dennys, Knt., and relict of Sir Edmund Tame and Sir 
Walter Buckler, Knt.] Hardwicke. Third shield note, D., of 
Dyrham. No blazon. Fourth shield. D. impaling Berke- 
ley. See B., Dyrham. No blazon. Sixth shield. No blazon, 
impaled with Trye. [I think this shield is reversed, as 
the only marriage I can find is Hugh D. with Catherine T.] 
Olveston. Six shields. One and five are quarterly, the first 
quarter of each being D., 1506. Blazon, but no tinctures. 
[Sir Walter D.] Second and sixth shields are quarterly 
with a different fourth quarter, and the third is D. only. 
Pvinknash. The same as the first, impaling Speake. The 
date is 1701 [which tallies with William, Esq., in the 
note on p. 53 of Glos. Vis., 1623 ; but the Speke marriage 
is on p. 51, where Henry D. married Margaret S., but he 
was buried 1638. I cannot find any other S. marriage, 
so I suppose William D. used his parent's coat]. D., 1638, 
and impaling Still, with crest : A greyhound statant. 
[This crest seems to be confined to the Pucklechurch 
branch.] [John D., born 1616, died 1660, aged 44. Rudder, 
612 : married Mary, d. of Nathaniel S., of Hutton, co. 



234 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Somerset. Jewers, in his History of Wells Cathedral, p. 148, 
gives this marriage and D.'s arms: " Gu. three leopards' 
heads or jessant-de-lis az., over all a bendlet engr. of the 
last." This does not alter its falseness.] Dennis pedigree. 
The same as first. Also the first quartering of seven. 
DENTON. Hill or Hull. Fourth quartering of Fust, 

1779: " Arg. 2 bars gu. in chief 3 cinque- 
foils sa." [Edward F. married Bridget, d, 
of Sir Thomas D., Knt. ; but I cannot find she was an heiress.] 
[DENZELL.] Ehrington. Third quartering of Fortescue, 
brought in by F.'s marriage with Denzell : 
" Gu. a mullet in chief and crescent in 
base arg." [Really, " Sa. a mullet betw. the horns of a 
crescent arg."] [William Weare's d. Elizabeth married 
Richard D., and his g.d. Elizabeth married Martin, s. of 
the Lord Chief Justice, Sir John F.] 

DERBY. Henhiiry. " Per chev. crenelle (az. and or) 

3 eagles displayed " (counterchanged). 
[Rev. Arthur D., vicar of the parish, date 
is obliterated. 

DERING. Henhury. Impaled with Southwell, 1702 : 

" Or a saltire ,sa." [Sir Robert S., Knt,, 
married Elizabeth, eld. d. of Sir Edward D., 
Bart.] Also the same for Elizabeth, i68t. Preston upon Avon. 
Third quartering of Mariet on first and second atchments. 
" Gu. 3 stags' heads cabossed or." [Although Papworth 
says they are of Kent, yet I cannot find that the Bart, family 
above ever quartered this coat.] Again this last coat is fifth 
and fifteenth quartering of Mariet, 1709 [and possibly i or 
2 of the other quarterings which are queries]. 
DE SPENCER. Fairford. Shield on tower. No blazon. 

[DEUXWELL OR Hempsted. Impaled with Lysons, but given 

DEXWELL.] . cc \ \ \ f \ 

in error as Harris: "(Arg.) a chev. (az.) 

betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis (sa.)." 

D'EVEREUX. Bourfon on the Hill. Second quartering of 

Bateson, 1736: "Arg. a fess gu. in chief 

3 torteauxes." [William B. (Glos. Vis., 1682, 



Heraldry 



OF Gloucestershire. 



235 



p. 14) married Carolina, second d. and coh. of Walter D., 
of Butley, co. Suffolk, younger son of Edward, Viscount 
Hereford.] Todington. Third and fifth atchments. On the 
third, impaled with Tracy quarterly, and on the fifth, 
impaled with the same, but a dimidiated coat for first wife. 
[Rudder, 772 : William, fourth Viscount T., married first 
Mary Frances, d. of Leicester D., Viscount Hereford.] 
[? DEVEREUX.] Saperton. Second of two shields marshalled 
with PooLE, 1574, and impaling [Wrough- 
ton] : " Argent per fess ... 3 pallets . . » 

on a chief ... a lion pass.," [Query the reading. 

Possibly " Paly of 6 gu. and vair on a chief or a lion pass, 
sa.," which is D. Rudder, 643, says the eldest of the Poole- 
Wroughton marriage was called Devereux, but I cannot find 
the D.-Wroughton one.] 

DEVONSHIER. Alderley. Impaling Query, 2 : " (? Arg.) 

three spread eagles (gu.)." Christopher D., 

of Bristol, 1731. 
D'EWES. Cheltenham. Impaling [De la Bere] , 1780, 

which see. " Or 3 quarterfoils pierced gu. 

a chief vaire " [i.e. vair). 
[PDEWXELL.] Whaddon. Impaling Wood, 1674: . . 

a chev. . . . betw. 3 lions' heads. . . ." 

[Monument says as D. ; but Glos. Vis.y 
1682, p. 207, gives Frances, d. of Sylvanus W. and Bridget 
Cresfield, married . . . Druxwell.] 

DIGGS. Pmintley. " Gu. on a cross, arg. 5 eagles 

displ. with 2 heads sa.," 1713, impaling 
Query, 47. Crest : Demi eagle erased. 
[More often eagle's leg couped at the thigh sa., issuing there- 
from 3 ostrich feathers arg.] 

DIGHTON. Clifford Chambers. Quarterly i and 4 with 

Keyte, and impaling [Selman] quarterly. 
First atchievement. " Arg. a lion pass, 
betw. 3 crosses pattee fitchy gu." Crest : Lion's jamb 
(erased) or holding a cross pattee fitchy gu. [This would be 
the arms of Francis Keyte D., son of Richard, who married 



■236 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

Alice, the heiress of Keyte.] Second atchievement. Quar- 
terly I and 4 as before, but with 2 and 3, Query 17, with 
escut. of pret., Keyte. [This would be the coat of Richard 
D. ; see above.] 

DIGUS OR Dyvham. Third quarterinor of Brain, im- 

DYCAS. ^ & > 

paled with Winter: " Sa. ten plates on a 

chief of the second a lion pass, of the first." 

[This is an error in reading. I can vouch for the following : 

" (Az.) 6 roundles (plates) 3.2.1. on a chief (arg.) a lion ramp. 

(? guard) (of the field)." Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 208; Richard 

Brayne, of Little Deane, married Jane, d. and h. of John 

Digus, Harl. MS. Dycas. Papworth gives the name Degon 

to this coat.] 

DOBYNS. Bromeshervow. Fourth atchievement. 2 and 

3 quartering of first grand quarter of Yate : 
" Az. a chev. betw. 3 annulets or," impaling 
Hon(e)ywood. [Catherine, d. and coh. of Rice Y., ob. 1757, 
married Robert D., of Evesbatch, and their g.g.s., Robert 
Gorges Dobyns Yate, having taken the name of Y., married 
Annabella Christiana H.] Also the same, 1785, which is the 
R. G. D. Y. above. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 211. 
[DOBYNS ] Tiberton. Second quartering of [Yate, i8ig] , 

The same [Caroline Elizabeth, d. of 

R. G. D. Y., married Richard [Donovan]. 
1816.] 

DODWELL. Sevenhampton. Rudder, 647, says the three 
coats are palewise on the same escutcheon, 
so they are wrongly marshalled, as this 
would make the real Baron the first coat, which is the first 
*'femme," D. being in the middle. ''Vert a chev. arg. betw. 
3 roses of the second," 1727. [Sir William D., Knt., married 
first Anne, eld. d. of Sir John Lethieullier, and secondly 
Mary, d. of P^rancis Fuller, gent.] IVhittiiigton. Escut. of 
pret. on Tracy, ? 1768, i and 4 quartering with FifLLER. 
The same arms. [Mary, ob. 1799, d. and h. of Sir William 
D., Knt., married Thomas T., 1770; and this quartering of 
Fuller proves that Mary, second wife of Sir William D., 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



237 



was an h., which is not mentioned on the Sevenhampton 
monument.] Also the same, with date 1770. [This would 
be Thomas T., and the date 1768 would be Dodwell T., their 
only s.] 

DOLMAN. Henhury. " On a bend a fish a crescent for 

difference." \_BiLvke's Armory, 1884, gives 
" Arg. on a bend cotised sa. a dolphin or," 

so I suppose this is the coat. Monument says Rev. John D., 

rector of Broome, co. Worcester, 1783.] 

[DOLPHIN.] Upper Slaughter. Hatchment. Quarterly i 
and 4 with 2 and 3. Howe, and impaling 
Eeles : " Az. 3 dolphins embowed (naiant 
fessways) in pale - arg." (Rudder and Papworth *'or"). 
Crest : Demi swan arg. beaked sa. And the same impaling 
[Bragge] ; no date. [There are references to this family in 
Rudder, where the Eeles marriage is given, but at present I 
cannot find a pedigree.] 

DONE. Cranham. " (Az.) wolf sahent (arg.)," 1738. 

[Rev. Obadiah D., rector for 51 years; he 
married Elizabeth . . . 1748.] Also the 

same, 1740, impaling, according to the arms, [Stafford]. 

Rev. Richard D., vicar of Brookthorp. 

[DONOVAN j Tiherton. " Arg. a mailed arm embowed 
holding a dagger with serpent entwined az. 
and vert," 1816. [See Glos. Vis.^ i68i2, p. 
211, and [DoBYNs]. 

DORMER. Cheltenham. " Az. 10 billets 4.3.2.1. or, on a 

chief of the last a demi lion issuant sa.," 
impaling Lygon, 1678. [Sir Fleetwood D. 

married Catherine, d. of John and Elizabeth L.] 

? DORNEY. Uley. " Gu. a chev. vair betw. 3 crescents 

or," 1700, impaling Query, 70, 1731 ; also 
1846 and 1700. [^Armories do not give this 

coat, but Rudder, 783, says Edward D. bore these arms. 

Glos. N. and Q., iii. 440, gives their arms as " Gu. a chev. 

betw. 3 crescents or."] Wickwar. " Az. a chev. betw. 3 
■ dolphins nayant or," 1668. [Rudder, 821, and Glos. Vis., 



238 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



1682, p. 179, says this is Alexander D., and that he married' 
Sarah, d. of Christopher Andrews, of Wickwar, which shield 
is above and Stokes below, as she remarried Thomas S.- 
No such D. or Andrews coat are known.] 

DOTIN. Clifton, Bristol. "Two lions pass.," , 1763. 

[Pean " 2 lions pass, in pale or and arg.," 
Mrs. Elizabeth Blenman, wife of WiUiam 
and d. of Joseph D., of Barbadoes.] 

[DOUGHTY.] Stow. See (?) Martin, where M. is in 

several places an error for D. 
DOWDESWELL. Bromesherroiv. Impaled with Yate : " Or a 

fess wavy betw. 6 billets sa.," 1710. [_Glos. 

Vis., 1682, p. 211 : Elizabeth D., d. of 
Charles, married Walter, s. of Rice Y. and Catherine Wall.] 
Didbrooke. Impaled with Tracey, 1735. The same. [Btirhes 
Ext. Peerage, Ireland, 700 : Ann D. married Robert, s. of 
Robert, second Viscount T. and Dorothy Cocks ; an English 
judge.] Forthampton. The same, 1706, impaling Colles, 
really Coles. [Charles, s. of Richard D., of Pull Court, 
married Elizabeth, d. of Timothy C, of Hatfield, co. Herts.] 
The same, 1713, impaling Tracey. [Charles, I believe s. of 
the last Charles D., married Ann, eld. d. of the Plon. Justice 
T. ; see above.] Westhury- on-Trim. Impaled with Knight, 
1720. The same. [Rudder, 804: Jacob, s. of Sir John K., 
married Ann, d. of Charles D., of Forthampton.] And in a 
lozenge shield Knight impaling D., 1736. [This is the 
widow of the last.] 

DOWELL. Ahnondshiiry. Quarterly i and 4 with Baker, 

and with escut. of pret. [Browning] : 

(Arg.) a lion ramp, (sa.) within bordure 

engr. gu." [John Baker D. was s. of John D. and Mary, 

d. and coh. of Sir John B., Bart., and he married Elizabeth, 

d. and sole h. of John Browning, of Coaley, and Elizabeth, 

sister and coh. of Robert Bridges, of Woodchester.] 

LORD DOWN (E). 7o;iz^'o;'f//. On one of the pillars. "Or 2 
[Sir W. DuciE.l / j \ " 1 • 

' lions pass, (guard.) gu. and viscount s 

coronet. [He was the only viscount.] 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



239 



? DOWNES. Painsimch. "... a lion ramp. . . . ducally 
crowned ..." Glos. N. and Q., i. 181, 
says 1753, Elizabeth Downs, relict of Rev. 
John, vicar; this is not D., but her maiden coat.] 
DOWNTON. Campden Chapel. Fourth quartering of Noel, 
brought in with Hopton : " Arg. 2 (organ) 
pipes in pile betw. 9 crosses croslet fitchy 
(not really so) gu." [Shropshire Vis., 1623, p. 83 : John Hevyn 
married Isabel, d. and h. of Thomas D.] Also the same 
quartering of Noel impaling Hickes. Minchin Hampton. 
Fifth quartering of Hopton, as in the Shropshire Vis., 1623, 
p. 256. The same as before. 

[? DOYNGELL.] Dyrham. Second quartering of Brain im- 
paled with Wynter : " A cross raguly," 

[Wrong reading, as I can vouch for 

the true one being " On a cross a sprig of oak with three 
(may be five) leaves (which makes the cross look raguly), 
and an acorn at the end of each of the three." This is 
wrongly drawn on the shields in Glos. Vis., 1569, p. 208, 
and Glos. Trans., vi. 297, where the sprig has only two leaves 
and an acorn in chief, and through engraver's error it is 
tricked false, " ar." instead of " az." Papworth gives this 
as Brayne, but the next coat on p. 660, under Tree, is 
" Sa. on a cross or an oaken slip of three acorns vert," 
would be a better reading, and therefore I have put it 
in brackets as the family. The marshalling would say 
an alliance of Brayne or Digus. I should think the latter, 
but Rudder, 429, sums the heraldry up with 2d. and 3d. 
not understood. In the pedigree of Brayne, Henry, the 
father of Anne, marries Katherine. . . . Possibly it is her 
family, but the Doyngells were an ancient Cornish family.] 
DRAPER. Newent. "Bendy of 8 (Rudder, "vert and 

gu." ; Shropshire Vis., " gu. and vert") over 
all 3 fleurs-de-lis (or)." [Samuel D., 
1781, and Elizabeth his wafe, 1758.] Also the same. 
[Elizabeth, 1772, d. of John Astman, of Cugley, and wife 
of Samuel D.] 



240 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



? DRAPER. Wotton Underedge. Impaled with initials 

R.W., 1662: Sa. a cross moline or charged 
in the centre with an annulet." [Rudder, 

851, leaves out the annulet, but calls it D. No such D. 

is known, but as Anne, d. of Richard D., married Robert 

Web, it is more likely to be Richard's wife, who may have 

been an Upton.] 

I^RAX. Berkeley. On screen. Twenty-third shield. 

Chequy or and az. on a chief gu. a 

plume arg. (generally or)." [Elizabeth 
Erule married Henry D., of co. York, and their d., a coh., 
married first Augustus, fourth Earl of Berkeley.] 
DREW. Nibley. First of three shields: " Erm. a 

lion pass, gu." 

[DRUE DE Standish. The first restored coat of Win- 
BALADON.] , 

STONE was " Per pale gu. and az. a lion 

ramp, arg., supporting a tree eradicated 

vert." [See Glos. 7w., 1623, p. 180.] 

DRIVER. Avenmg, Impaling [Bridger], 1675: "Party 

per pale indented (arg. and az.), 2 lions 
ramp, combatant (counterchanged)," 1681. 
[John D. and Elizabeth his wife. Also the same for two 
sons, Charles and Matthew, 1636 and 1661. D. impaling 
[Chapman]. John D. married Elizabeth Chapman. On a 
lozenge shield, as the last, 1683. [Dorothy, d. of the last pair.] 
DUCIE. Tortwovth. On first of four atchments. 

Second quartering of Moreton : " Or two 
lions pass, guard, gu." [Elizabeth, h. of 
Robert D., married Edward Moreton, of co. Stafford, and 
their son was created, 1720, Lord D.] Second, third, 
and fourth atchments, the same. Also the same with 
Moreton, 1735. 

[DUMBLETON.] Wovmington. 2 and 3 quartering of Daston, 
1605 : " . . . (or) a fess wavy betw. 6 billets 
. . . (sa.)." Also of Daston, 1641. [These 
dates do not tally with Glos. Vis. or Rudder ; this coat seems 
to have come to the Dowdeswells through the Habingtons.] 



i 



Heraldry of 



Gloucestershire. 



DUNCH. Frampton-on-Sevevn. Impaled with Wade:, 

" Sa. a chev. or betw. 3 towers triple towered 

arg.," 1687. [Anne, d. of John D., of Puisy, 

CO. Berks., married Thomas W.] Also the same. [This- 

seems to be a duplicate monument to- the same Anne, as she 

is stated to be the wife of Thomas W., but it has no date.] 

SEE OF Cirencester. Impaling Rowthale. No blazon.. 

DURHAM. ^ ^ ; ^ 

L" Az. a cross betw. 4 lions ramp. or. J 

BUTTON. Coherley. Impaled with [Pope, Earl Downe] 

" Quarterly arg. and gu. in 2 and 3 quarters 

a fret or," 1656. [Lucie, d. of John D., of 

Sherborne, Glos., married Thomas P. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 55.] 

Sherhovne. Impaling- Bond, May, 1776. The same, only the 

fret is "arg." Glos. Vis. says "or," Sep., 1776. Crest: 

Out of a ducal coronet or a plume of 5 feathers of 5 colours,, 

arg., vert, az., gu., and or \Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 54: Gu., az., 

or, vert, and murrey]. First of two shields, 1742-3, with 

escut. of pret., and impaling Cullen, first wife. The second. 

impaling Keck, second wife. [Rudder, 651 : Sir John D., 

the last Bart., married twice, but left no surviving issue.. 

The first one was James Lenox Napier, to whom the last 

bequeathed his estates, and who married secondly Jane, d. of 

Edmund Bond, of Newland.] The same, with crest, 1657. 

[Query Rudder's monument of John D., son of William and 
Anne Nicholas, dated 1656, who married Elizabeth Bainton,, 
marshalled with it.] Also impaled with Bariatinsky, 1807. 

[Frances Mary D., d. of first Baron Sherborne, married 
Prince B., of Russia.] 

DYRTON OR Cirencester. " Pile surmounted by chev.,"" 
1438. '^GLos. irans., xvii. 295: bir J. 
Maclean says: "Arg. a pile sa. over all a 
chev. gu." ; this would be partially false. Papworth gives 
both names. " Sa. a chev. arg. and a pile counterchanged " 
is the true coat, though he gives the Gloucester one as a 
" chev. gu.," but surmounted, not counterchanged, which it 
ought similarly to be, when it would read " Sa. a pile arg. 
and over all a chev. gu. counterchanged."] 



242 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

EARNLEY. Down Ampney. Second shield. " 3 eagles 

displ." [This is only part of the coat, 
which is " Arg. on a bend sa. 3 eagles displ. 

or." Sir Anthony Hungerford married secondly Jane, d. of 

Michael E.] 

EDWARD Confessor. Kempsfovd. On pillar of tower, 

no blazon. [" Az. a cross flory betw. 4, may 

be 5, martlets or."] 
EDWARD III. Preston-iipon-Avon. Second shield in 

window. " France and England (quarterly) 

with Royal Crown." 
EDWARD Prince. Hayles. Stained glass removed to 

Toddington. Fifth shield. " Quarterly, 

France and England, a label arg." 
EDWARDS. Bavnwood. Impaled with Johnson, 1749: 

" Per bend erm. and ermines a lion ramp. 

or," 1773. [Elizabeth, d. of Anthony E., 
married William J.] Batsfovd. 2 and 3 quartering of 
Freeman, as above. [Mary, only child of Richard F. and 
Elizabeth Veck, married Walter Edwards.] Daglingwovth. 
Impaled with Haynes, 1743: "A lion ramp.," 1751. [I 
suppose the same, might be " Erm. a lion ramp, sa." Sarah 
E. was wife of Giles H. Pveston-iipon-Avon. Atchments two 
and five. Impaled with Mariet: "Per bend sinister erm. 
and erminois a lion ramp, sa " [Most likely Thomas or 
John M. mentioned by Rudder, 608, but I cannot find 
pedigree. Thomas's wife is called Lucy Ann on the monu- 
ment of his d. Rudder, 637.] 

[? EDWARDS.] Farmington. Impaled with Mills (error for 
Milner). First atchievement. "Erm. a 
lion ramp, guard, gu. on a canton arg. a 

spread eagle of the third,'' for [This is false, perhaps 

second. Papworth gives " Erm. a lion ramp, guard, gu. 
armed az. on a canton or, an eagle with two necks displ. sa.," 
E., of Kent and co. Salop, but I cannot find marriage.] 
Westbnry -on-Trim. Third of four atchments. Same as 
Barnwood above, impaling Query, 72, and escut. of pret. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



243 



Quarterly like Queries. Crest: Edwards — Demi lion holding 
a castle arg. 

[? EDWIN.] Newland. Fourth shield of four. Impaled 
with [Wyndham, 1716]: "A cross betw. 4 
. . ." [Query, " Arg. a cross sa. 

betw. 4 Cornish choughs ppr." Thomas W. married Anne, 

d. and h. of Samuel E., but this ought to be an escut. of 

pret. like the third.] 

[EELES.] Upper Slaughter. Impaled with Dolphin and 

Howe quarterly. "Arg. 3 serpents [eels] 
(sic) in pale ppr." [Rudder, 667 : John 

Dolphin married Margaret, d. of Isaac E., co. Bucks.] 

EILSWORTH. Westhiiry -on-Trim. Per pale dancette arg. 

and gu. 4 lions ramp, counterchanged on a 
canton of the second a lion pass, guard, of the 

first." Crest: 7 ostridge feathers per pale arg. and gu. out 

of a ducal coronet, 1684. Sir Richard E., Knt. 

ELCHO. Stanway. Second of four atchments. Lady 

E. [No blazon or date, most probably Susan, 
d. of Anthony Tracy-Keck, Esq.] 

[ELLIOTT.] Cromhall. Impaled with ? Hickes (error of 
Bigland for Andrews) : " Az. a fess or," 
1726. [EHzabeth, d. of WiUiam E., of 

Bristol, married John Andrews, 1733. 

ELMSTED. Sodhury Chipping. Impaled with Hardwicke, 

1770: Erm. a bend gu." [This is the 
E. coat, and monument says George and 

Ann H., of this borough, but does not give her family, neither 

does Rudder, 675, after the arms.] 

ELTON. Dumbleton. Impaled with Cocks, 1684 : 

" Paly of 6 or and gu. on a bend sa. 3 
mullets of the field," 1689. [Error for 
"first." Rudder, 421, gives it right. Dame Susanna C. 
was d. of Ambrose E., of the Hasle, co. Hereford.] Riidford. 
" Paly of 6 or and gu. a bend sa.," ? 1644. [This is only 
part of the coat. See above.] StapUton. As Dumbleton, 
1790, impahng (?) Sullivan. Crest : An arm embowed in 

18 

Vol. XXVIII. 



244 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



armour ppr. garnished or holding a broad sword arg. 

pommelled or. [Elton.] Tiherton. As Dumbleton, , 

? 1803. Crest : A mailed arm embowed paly of the field 

{i.e. or and gu.) Motto: "Artibus et armis." 

[ELYSTON Preston Ledbury. 2 and ^ quartering of 
GLODRUDD.] ^ - ^ ^ 

Powell, impaled with Hanbury, 1708: 

(Arg.) 3 boars' heads in pale (couped sa.)." 

[The I and 4 is really Powell, and this is inherited.] 

[EMES.] Down Hatherley. Second shield. Marshalled 

with Gwinnett, 1775: "On a fess a lion 

issuant," , 1768. Really, " Or out of a 

fess sa. a demi lion ramp, issuant gu." [Glos. Vis., 1682, 

p. 86. Rev. Samuel G. married Anne, d. of Fulke E.] 

Shurdington. ? Third quartering of [Gwinnett], 1693 

on a fess . . ." [The quarterings of G. are not given in the 

Visitations, so this is only conjectural.] 

[ENGEHAIN.] Newent. "(Arg.) a chev. (sa.) betw. 3 
pellets, on a chief (gu.) a lion pass, guard, 
(or)," 1644. [Isaac, third s. of Edward 
E., of Gunstone, Kent, Knt., and AHce, his wife, 1664.] 
ENGHAM. Newent. Impaled with Nourse, 1652 : 

*' Arg. a chev. sa. betw. 3 pellets, on a 
chief gu. a lion of England," 1636. [Really 
the same as the last, as Maria was d. of the same Sir 
Edward Engham, which is the correct spelling, and married 
Walter N.] 

ENGLAND. Berkeley. Eleventh shield on screen. " Gu. 

inescutcheon of France within orle of lions 
of E." [Really, " Az. sem6e fleurs-de-lis 
(may be three) or, on a bordure gu. 8 Hons of E."] Also 
twenty-second shield, where E. is quarterly with France, 
Scotland, and Ireland, being part of the coat of Lenox. 
Cire-Acester. Over great window, now destroyed. (Quarterly) 
with ancient France. Second shield in first compartment. 
Quarterly i and 4, with Bigot and Mortimer, Richard, 
Duke of York. Third shield. Quarterly with France, and 
label, Thomas Holland, Duke of Surrey. Fourth shield. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



245 



2 and 3 quartering France, with i and 4 Neville. Hayles. 
Stained glass removed to Toddington. " E. over a crozier.' 
No blazon. Mickleton. Quarterly with France. In east 
window of north aisle. No blazon. Newent. Glass in 
dwelling house at Crooks. Quarterly 2 and 3 of grand 
quarters. i and 4 with P'rance, quartering 2 and 3 
Scotland and Ireland. No blazon or date. Minster ivortli^ 
Glass in church. " Gu. 3 lions of E." Newnham. 2 and 3 
quarters with France. Stone. Aisle windows. First shield. 
" Gu. 3 lions pass, (guard.) in pale or." 

[ERRINGTON.] Title page of each vol. Second quartering 
of Bigland, engraved shield : " Arg. 2 bars 
and in chief 3 escallops az." [Bigland's 
father, Richard, married Mary, d. and coh. of George E., of 
Errington (Bemwell), co. Northumberland.] 
[ERSKINE.] Clifton, Bristol. Second and third quartering 
of 2 and 3 grand quarters with [Mar], 
impaled with [Stirling] : " Arg. a pale 

sa.," [Margaret, d. and h. of Elyne Mar, who married 

Sir John Menteith, married secondly Sir Thomas Erskine, 
and Margaret, g.g.d. of David, second Lord of Cardross, 
married Archibald S., of Keir, co. Perth.] 
ESMON. Tovtwofth. Error for Scargill. Fourth 

quartering of Throkmorton, 1607: " Erm. 
a saltire engr. gu." [Really, " Erm. a 
saltire gu." John T., married first Anne, d. (and ? h.) of 
Thomas S.] Also the same of Throkmorton, 1568. 
ESTCOURT. Lassborough. Quarterly i and 4, with 2 and 3 
? [Beauboys], which see : " Erm. on a chief 
indented gu. 3 estoiles or," 1624. Also first 
of two shields, marshalled with Savage. [Sir Thomas E., 
Knt., and Mary S., his wife.] Shipton Moyne. First of three 
shields. "Erm. on a chief dancette (really indented) gu. 

3 stars of 6 points or." Second shield. Quarterly i and 4 
with 2 and 3, named Goddard, the ? [Beauboys]. Third 
shield is quarterly like the last, impaUng [Ascough]. [If so, 
this 2 and 3 quartering must have come in very early.] The 



1246 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



same impaled with Hodges, i6g6. [It is quite possible there 
was an Estcourt marriage with an heiress of Goddard, but 
I cannot find it. If the date could be found it would prove 
whether the coat is intended for Goddard or not. Edith, 
•d. of Thomas E. and Elizabeth Mayne, married Thomas 
Hodges. Rudder, 653.] Also shields, dated 1726, 1746, and 
crest of E. : Out of a ducal coronet gu. a demi eagle with 
wings expanded or. [G/os. Vis., 1623, says: Out of a mural 
•crown az. a demi eagle displayed or.] Two shields. The 
first, quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3, the ? Goddard, impaling 
[Ascough]. No date. [_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 56: Thomas de 
la Estcourt, 1599, married Hanna, d. of . . . Ascough.] 
The second, with escut. of pret., really [Yate] , and its 
quarterings. Estcourt only, and date 1814. [This is 
Edmund, solicitor to the Excise, who died at Ramsgate, 
Nov. 14th, 1814, aged 62. Unfortunately there is no impaling 
here, but the coat of his wife is impaled with his on a book, 
which cannot be identified at present; it is without tinctures, 
but reads, " A large bird close betw. 3 crescents." Three 
shields, first is dated 1624, marshalled with [Savage], and 
the third impaling [Savage] [so this is the Lassborough, 
Sir Thomas E.]. E. with escut. of pret. [Sutton], 1829. 
[Thomas Grimston Bucknall E., M.P., married Eleanor d. 
and coh. of James S., of New Park, near Devizes. 
ESCOURT. King's Stanley. Impaled with Dawney. The 

blazon is slightly different, the 3 etoiles being 
arg. [It is on the pulpit cloth, and so has 
no date to guide one. I am unable to find the marriage ; the 
spelling is more often found with the Wilts, family.] 
[ESTCOURT.] Cam. The same as Lassborough, 1747. 

[Anne, aged 9 years, so this ought to have 
been on a lozenge shield, d. of Matthew E. 
and Lydia Hailing. 
EYANS. Down Hathevley. Second shield, impaled 

with Brett, which see: "Or on a fess sa. 
3 bezants in chief a greyhound courant of 
the second," 1696, really Heynes. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



247 



EYNNES. BiicUand. ''Or on a fess ^^11. 3 bezants in 

chief a greyhound currant az.," third quar- 
tering of BoTTEViLLE aUiis Thynne. [This 

is the usual Heynes, the last being a variation. Margaret, d. 

of Thomas Heynes de Stretton and Jocosa Gattacre,' married 

Thomas Thynne, of Stretton. Shropshire Vis., 1623, p. 235.] 

[EYRE ] Cliftoji, Bristol. " Arg. on a chev. sa. 

3 quarterfoils or," , 1761. [Miss 

Marianne, only child of Stafford E., and 

Mary, d. of Charles Dartiquenave ; so this should be on 

a lozenge shield.] 

PEYTON. Minchin Hampton. Eighth quartering of 

HoPTON, 1775 : " Arg. a lion ramp. sa. 
charged with a trefoil vert." [This does 
not seem to be E. In Hopton pedigree, Shropshire Vis., 1623, 
p. 256, Eyton is given as the third quartering, " Bendy of 
six or and gu.," which also is a most unusual one ; but the 
eighth quartering is given as "Arg. a lion ramp. gu. charged 
on the shoulder with a trefoil or." This is the most likely 
coat, as the former is partially false. I cannot help thinking, 
although it is queried Walker, alias Leigh, of Stretton, that 
it is intended for Morgan, as on p. 259 Dorothy, d. and h. 
of John M., married William Hopton, of Cherbury, co. Salop, 
and so ought to come in.] 

FANE. Westhury -on-Trim. Impaled with Henley, 

1733 : " Az. 3 gauntlets (2 and i) or." 

[Brydge's Collins, iii. 302 : Mary, d. of 
Henry F., who was buried at Westbury, married first John 
Henley, of Bristol.] The same, 1777. Crest : Out of a ducal 
coronet or a bull's head arg., pied sa, armed or, charged on 
neck with a rose gu., barbed and seeded ppr. 
FARLEIGH. Hardwicke. Destroyed in late repairs. 

Second shield. " . . .on chev. . . . 

3 martlets . . . betw. as many crosses 
crosiet fitchee ... in chief an annulet . . . ," and ensigned 
with a mitre. [William Ferley, or Farley, was Abbot of 
Gloucester 1472-99, but I cannot find the tinctures.] 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



FARMER. Dymock. Impaled with Wynter, 1666 : 

" (Arg.) a fess (sa.) betw. 3 lions' heads 
erased (gu-)'" ^674. [Monuments say 
Captain William Wintour and Margaret his wife. No family- 
given, but Robert, their son, ob. 1718, was the last heir 
male.] 

? FARROW. Rodhofough. Impaled with (?) Shurmer, 
1721 : " Arg. on a bend sa. 3 horseshoes or," 
1750 (generally arg.) [I think these coats 
must have been placed over or under a wrong monument. 
Rudder gives them under a list of monuments relating to the 
Roberts family. In the list given in Glos. N. and Q., i., p. 51, 
there is a Jeane Shurmur, 1 701-2, but that does not tally 
with these, and no Farrow is given, yet this is not an 
improbable variation and may be right, but Shurmer is 
really Cater and the crest as well, but there is no Cater 
in the list ; also the Roberts memorials with these coats 
mentioned by Rudder seem to have gone.] 
X? FECK^AHAM.] Marshjield. Rudder, 540, gives " Sa. a chev. 

arg." [as the coat on the monument to 
Thomas F., vicar 1704, over which Bigland 
gives no arms, but he gives " Arg. a chev. or," which is false, 
to Briscoe, 1733, which see; so I should think that the 
shields had been changed, or it was Bigland's error.] 
FELL. Wpvmiugton. " Arg. 2 bars wavy sa.," 1690. 

Crest : A pelican feeding her young gu. 
[Really, A pelican with wings elevated and 
addorsed vulning herself ppr.] 

? FELTON. Tewkesbury. "Arg. 6 lions ramp. sa. 3.2.1.," 

1762. [This is an error for [Savage] a 
flatstone for whom is close by. Dyde, p. 
68, gives it as on the stone of Lieut. \Vm. F., so most 
probably this is also part of the Savage stone.] 
FERRARS. Dyrham. Sixth shield of John Smyth's, of 

Nibley, M.S. " Vaire or and gu." Minchin 
Hampton. (? Or) on a bend (sa.) 3 horse- 
shoes (arg.)," 1717. Rev. Mr. John F., 52 years rector. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



249 



{FERRERS.] Ashchuvch. "(Or) on a bend (gu.) cotised 
(az.) 3 horseshoes (of the first) a crescent 
(? gu.) for difference," 1625. Crest : Ostrich 
(ppr.) holding in its beak a horseshoe (or). [WilHam F. had 
three wives.] Mickleton. Nintli quartering of Fisher, brought 
in with seventh [Greystock] : " Arg. 3 horseshoes sa. (nailed 
of the first)," — — [John Greystock married Elizabeth, 
one of the ds. and cohs. of Robert F.] 

PETTIPLACE. AlmondshiLry. 1 and 4 quartering with 2 and 
3 [Kentwood], impaled with Veele, 1577 : 
" (Gu.) 2 chevs. (arg.)." [Glos. Vis., 1623, 

p, 173 : William V., of Over, married Margaret, d. of W. 

Phetiplace.] Colne S'. Aldivyns. First of two shields, i and 

4 quartering: Gu. 2 chevs. arg." [No inscription, but 

Bigland adds a note that it was erected to George F., Justice 

of South Wales, who died of the plague 1578; but Rudder, 

385, gives a description of the monument.] 

[FICHETT.] Westhivy-on-Tvim. Second quartering of 
Hill, 1627, named Halton in error : " Gu. 
a lion ramp, or debruised by a bend erm." 

[Collinson, i. 244 : Sir Thomas F., ob. 1396, left a d. and h., 

Isabel, who married Robert H.] 

FIELD. Randivick. Impaling De la Bere : Or a 

fess betw. an eagle displ. [generally 
with two heads) in chief and a stag's head 
cabossed in base sa." [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 57 : Edward F., 
of Stroud, married first Joan D., ob. 1730 ; he married 
secondly (Rudder, 715) Anne, d. of Richard Plummer, and 
died 1736.] Crest : A black ppr. (!!), holding in his dex. 
hand an arrow or. [Not in Armories; Rudder does not give it.] 
Stroud. The same, 1693, impaling Hill, i7I5-" [Glos. Vis.^ 
1682, and Rudder, 715 : Richard F. married Elizabeth, d. of 
Edward H., of Cam.] 

FIELDING. -Campden. Impaled with Noel : " Pearl (arg.) 

on a fess sapphire (az.), 3 lozenges topaz 
(or)," 1636. [Anne, second d. of William, 

first Earl Denbeigh, married Baptist N., third Viscount 



250 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Campden.] Withington. Fourth atchment. The same,, 
impahng [? Baron]. The same, 1709. [Rudder, 840, gives 
the fess as " sable," I think in error, on the monument of 
Robert F., M.D., 1709, but it impales " a cross raguly " which 
is Lawrence.] [Burke's Landed Gentry, 1853, p. 696, says 
Robert F. inherited manors from William L., who married 
Isabel Molineux, Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 109, so I suppose there 
was another d. not mentioned in the pedigree that married 
Dr. Robert F.] Crest : A palm tree ppr., charged with a 
lozenge or. [This is like the Fielding, Earl Denbeigh's crest,, 
only with a different charge.] The same, with crescent for 
diff". and crest, 1737, but it impales "... a chev. betw. 3, 
estoiles ..." [There is no pedigree to guide one ; possibly 
this has some connection with the supposed Baron above.] 
FIENNES. Weston suh Edge. " Az. 3 lions ramp, or," 

1708, impaling [Yalden or Yaldwyn]. 

[Rudder, 812 : Pharamus F., LL.D., 
Gulielmi Vicecomitis Say et Seal nepos (grandson). But 
in Brydge's Collins, vii. 25, he is stated to have died un- 
married. He was the s. of Richard and Margaret Burrell. 
If intended for B. it is not correct, Richard being the fourth 
s. of William, first Viscount S. and S. Papworth says Y.] 
FINCH. Kempley. Quarterly i and 6 with Pigot, &c.r. 

" Arg. a chev. engr. betw. 3 griffins pass. 

sa.," 1633. [Bigland and Rudder, 508, 
say Henry F. married Anne, ob. 1631, d. and h. of Henry 
Pigot ; as this last is quartered, not impaled, it would be 
the coat of Francis, their s.] 

FISHER. Mickleton. Several shields. i : Quarterly 

of twelve, all unnamed except the first, and 
marshalled with it. " Gu. 3 demi lions 
ramp or a chief of the last," 1627, impaling [Thornhill], 
1604. The glass in window has crest : Nobility helmet on 
wreath gu. and or, a demi lion ramp, guard, holding a shield 
? charged with the Fisher arms. Neither Bigland nor Rudder 
mention this, but the last gives the motto: " Vigelet qui 
vincet. [Edward F., the elder, married Avicia, d. of 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



Richard T., co. Kent.] 2: The same, 1654, marshalledi 
with the 12 quarterings, and impahng [Chaloner] . [Sir 
Edward F., knighted 1603, married Maria, eld. d. of Sir 
Thomas C, Knt.] 3 : The same, impahng [Harvey]. Four 
shields, i : P'isher, 1627, the twelve quarterings. 2 :: 

[Thornhill], 1604. 3: Fisher, as 1,1654. 4' [Chaloner],. 
quarterly of four. Tethuvy. " Arg. a chev. vair betw. 3 
demi lions i^ramp. erased) gu." Crest : Demi lion or [query 
a seadog ; this is the crest and arms of the Northampton 
family], impaling Query, 63. The same as last, impaling 
Sloper ? 1793 [Rudder, in Tetbury, mentions a Mr. William 
F. and a Matthew S.], and the same, 1750. 
[FITZALAN.] Preface, engraved plate. In this case it is- 
not spotted for "or," therefore it reads like 
Mowbray, which it may well be intended for,. 
F. being " Gu. a lion ramp, or . . . " and M. " Gu. a lion 
ramp, arg." (It is only of late years I think it has been^ 
changed.) Diirsley. No blazon, on roof marshalled with 
Berkeley. Berkeley. Eighth quartering of Berkeley, un- 
named : " Gu. a lion ramp, or." 

FITZ ALLAN. Matson. Fifth quartering of Ufford and 

WiLLOUGHBY : " Quarterly az. a lion ramp. 

or and arg. fretty sa." [Really, " Az. a lion 
ramp, or, and sa. fretty or," the last Maltravers.] 
[FITZ ALLEYN,] Berkeley. Onscreen. Tenth shield. "Barry 

of . . . (6) or and az. [really gu.], " unnamed. 
FITZGERALD. Newnham. On Prayer Book. " Erm. a 

saltire gu. a crescent for diff.," Crest :. 

A boar pass, (erm.) fretty (gu.). 

? FITZ Berkeley. On screen, i : " Or 3 lions pass.. 

HARDING. / , , , . rT3 II ..^ 

guard, az. semee or hearts. [Keally, " Ur 

semee of hearts gu. 3 lions pass, guard, az.." 

In allusion to Harding's supposed Danish descent, it is really 

Denmark,] 

[? FITZ Kempley. Third quartering of Finch : " Gu. 

HERBERT.] ^ o - r i:- • 

3 lions ramp. arg. ? or. [F. is a quartering 

of the Finch, Earls of Aylesford ; but 



252 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Rudder, 509, says Gu. 3 lioncels in pale (? pass.) arg.," 
which would be Gifford, but more probably a Welsh coat 
brought in with Pigot.] 

FITZHUGH. Civencestev. In North aisle. Impaled with 
Berkeley, of Rendcombe : " (Az.) 3 chevs. 
braced in base, a chief (or)." [Sir J. 
Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 285, adds a mullet for diff. Lady 
Laura F. married Sir Maurice B., of Beverstone.] i : " Az. 

3 chevs. interlaced and a chief or," Winterhourn. In 

West window. Impaled with Berkeley. [Maurice B., of 
Beverstone, married Lora Fitz Hugh.] 

FITZ NICHOLL. Coaley, or Cowley. 2 and 3 quartering of 
Browning, 1674: "Quarterly gu. and or a 
bend arg." [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 32 : Ellenor, 
d. and coh. of Sir Thomas F., Knt., married John B., gent.] 
Elkeston. Church tower. First shield. As above, only without 
tinctures. Hovsley. In window. Third shield. As at Coaley 
above. 

PITZ WARYN. Sliinhyidge. Second shield in window. " Per 
pale and per fess {i.e. quarterly) ermines and 
gu." [Rudder, 669, mentions this shield, 

but blazons it erm., which is Stanhope.] 

[FLAMBERT.] Tovtwovth. Sixth quartering of Throkmorton, 
1607 : " Gu. on a chev. sa. 3 . . . arg." 
[Really, " Gu. on a chev. arg. 3 dolphins 
naiant embowed vert." The chev. ought to be engr,, as it is 
so given in Essex Vis., 1612, p. 312 : it comes in with Tirrell, 
the fifth quartering, as on p. no. Hughe T. married the d. 
and h. of F., but there seems to have been a double lieiress 
marriage, as in 1612 Vis., p. 300, Sir Thomas T., Knt., 
married Elizabeth, d. and h. of F., of Essex.] 
FLETCHER. Caiupden. (Arg.) cross engr. (sa.) betw. 

4 pellets each charged with a pheon (of 
the field)." Thomas F., 1746. The same, 
impaling Bateson, 1709. [Nicholas F., Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 14, married Elizabeth B., eldest d. of Robert B. and 
Eleanor Austin.] Mickleton. The same, without tinctures. 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



253 



1717, Arthur F., of Paxford, co. Worcester, gent. Painswick. 

Impaled with Wick, 1695. The same, with tinctures, 1681. 

[Rudder, 597 : George W. and Anne, his wife.] 

[FLOWER.] Wickivav. Impaled with Hobbs, 1747-8: 
" Sa. a unicorn pass, or on a chief arg. 3 
July flowers (Rudder, pinks), gu.," , 

1754. [Rudder, 821 : William H. and Sarah, his wife.] 

FLOYD OR Ampney Cmcis. Bieland and Rudder both 

LLOYD. ^ . , r ^ 

mention the arms 01 these, but give no 

blazon. [They are panels for the sides of 
a tomb, and without tinctures. I read them as quarterly 
I and 4 : " Quarterly (or and az.) 4 roebucks statant counter- 
changed." Papworth gives this to Lloyd, but within a 
bordure which possibly these might have had. 2 and 3 : 
" (Arg.) a quiver (gu.) banded and replenished with arrows 
(or) feathered (arg.) betw. 3 pheons (sa.)," Lloyd. There is 
marshalled with this : i. The Herbert coat. 2. Vaughan 
quartering Watkins and Uchtryd, with possibly another 
Vaughan or Morgan as fourth quartering. 3. The quiver 
again. Crest: Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 104, though more like a 
greyhound's head, I suppose a stag's head couped, perhaps 
erasings knocked off, charged with a crescent erm. On 
helmet above a griffin's head erased, the Watkins crest, 
p. 105. George L., of Holley Roode Ampney, married 
Ann, d. of Richard Watkin, alias Vaghan.] 
FOLEY. Newent. " Arg. a fess within bord. engr. 

betw. 3 cinquefoils sa." [The Hon. Andrew 
F., youngest s. of the late Thomas Lord F., 
created a Baron by patent in 1776.] 

FOLIOT. Blockley, co Worcester. Impaled with Childe, 

the second of three shields : " Arg. a lion 
ramp, (queue fourchee) purpure crowned 

or." [Monument says William, s. and h. of William C, but 

which married F., and the other, impaling Jefferies, Wore. 

Vis. does not give. 

.[FOLIOT.] Frampton-on-Severn. " Gu. on a bend arg. a 

martlet sa.," Hoare, ancient. 



254 Transactions for the Year IQ05. 

PFOLLIOTT. Fretherne Lodge. Second shield. " Arg. a. 

chev. az. in chief 3 birds . . ." [Not in 
any Folliot quartering.] 

FORRESTER. Didmarton. First of three shields. Quar- 
terly I and 4 : " Arg. 3 bugle horns sa. 
(stringed gu.)," 1763, with 2 and 3, 

[Baillie]. [William, seventh Lord F., married Elizabeth, 

sister of Sir Charles Tyrrell.] Also third shield, the same, 

impahng Tyrrell. [Monument says John F., Esq., (?) 

Capt. R.N., married Elizabeth, d. of Charles T. and 

Elizabeth Codrington.] 

FORSTER. Dymock. First of two shields on tower.. 

" 3 pheons." [Query, " Sa. 3 pheons 
arg." The Forsters generally bore a 

chev. betw. 3 buglehorns ; but Giles Forster held the 

manor in 1608] . 

[FORSTER.] Kempley. Fifth quartering of Finch, 1633 : 
" Parti per fess indented arg. and sa. 4 
hunting horns counterchanged." [I cannot 
find this among the quarterings of Finch, but curiously 
above Herbert, alias Finch, in Kent Vis., p. 14, are the 
Forster arms, with the slight difference in the quarterly coat 
of the I having only two buglehorns, but the 2 is the Dymock 
coat above. Rudder, 509, says, " Per bend and per fess 
indented." More likely " Per pale and per fess," which is 
quarterly. I cannot find the connection, so probably it is a 
quartering of the Pigots.] 

FORTESCUE. Ehrington. First shield. " Az. a bend engr.. 

arg. betw. 2 cotises or." Second shield. 

The same, impaling, first, Glanville (error 
for Granville); second [Northcote]. "[Col. Robert F. 
married first Grace, d. of Sir Bevile Granville, Knt., of 
Stowe, Cornwall; and secondly, Susannah Northcote. He 
erected the monument in 1677 to the memory of his ancestor, 
the Lord Chancellor, being six greats and a g.s. in descent.] 
Also the same, quarterings i and 6, with Corbet, Denzell, 
Weare and Beauchamp. 



♦ 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



255 



POUNTAIN. Westevleigh. Impaled with Clent, 1735 : 
" Or a fess gu. betw. 3 elephants' heads 
erased sa." \_Bufke's Landed Gentry, 1853, 

p. 436 : Elizabeth, sister of Andrew F., married Col. 

Edward C. of co. Worcester.] ^ 

FOWLER. Duvsley. Impaled with Phelps, 1755 : 

''Quarterly az. and or, in the first quarter 
a hawk's lure (and line) of the second." 
[Bmhe's Landed Gentry, 1898, p. i8go: John Phelps, of 
Dursley, married Elizabeth, d. and coh. of William F., of 
Moor Hall, co. Glos. She died 1791.] Stonehouse. The 
same, 1700, impaling Partridge, 1707. [Rudder, 702: 
Anselm F., 1700, and Rebeccah, his wife, d. of Henry P., 
gent., 1707.] The same, 1675, ^ and 3 quartering of Smyth, 
1682. [Mary, the d. and h. of Stephen F. and Ursula 
drowning, married Thomas Smyth, of Stonehouse.] Also 
the same, as dexter impaling of Smyth, being first wife. 
;? FOWLER. Eastington. Impaled quarterly i and 4 with 

^ Stephens: "A cinquefoii and in chief a 
lion pass." [Bigland names it F., but no 
such F. seems to be known. Edward S. did marry Joan, d. 
•of Richard F., but I think this is intended for the Herberts 
of Kerry : " Arg. a cinquefoii az. on a chief gu. a lion pass, 
or." In Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 175, Nathaniel S. is stated to 
have married "Ann, d. of . . . Kerry." In Glos. N. and Q. 
it is said to be his father Richard who did so, but I believe 
she was the widow of one of the Herberts of Kerry.] 
[FOWKE.] Teivkeshiivy. Impaling Maxwell: " Az. a 

fleur-de-lis arg. on a chief of the second 

a lion pass, gu.," 1818, Crest : On a 

wreath arg. and az. an arm embowed (I read it cubit arm 
vested) and holding a broken spear ppr. (sinisterways). 
Thovnbury. " Vert, a fleur-de-lis arg. a crescent for diff.," 
1648. Crest : A goat's head erased (arg.). 
FOX. Preston near Cirencester. Impaled with 

Master, 1669: "Arg. a chev. betw. 3 
foxes' heads erased gu.," 1692. [This 



256 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



marriage is not in the Visitations, and I cannot verify it.] 
Wheatenlmvst. "Or on a chev. betw. 3 foxes' heads erased 
gu. as many fleur-de-Hs of the first," impaled with Bigland, 
1752. [Rudder, 815: George B. married Mary, only d. of 
John F., of Whitehaven.] 

FRAMPTON. Standish. Impaled with See of Glou- 
cester : " Gu. 3 bars arg. in chief 3, 
crescents or." Ensigned with Mitre, 1708. 

[Rudder, 682 : Robert F., Bishop of Gloucester, from 

1681-91.] 

FRANCE. Berkeley. Twenty-second shield on screen. 

Part of Lenox coat, modern F., but na 
blazon given here. Quarterly with England, 
Scotland and Ireland. Eleventh shield, both on screen,, 
and with Berkeley. Inescutcheon of ancient France, being 
part of the Plantagenet coat, really the field. Cirencester. 
Ancient F. : " (Az.) semee-de-lis (or)." Part of Duke 
of Surrey's coat. Modern F. quarterly with England. 
2 and 3, quartering modern F. with England of i and 4 
Nevylle. On tower, built before 1416. Ancient F. In 
St. Katherine's Chapel. Modern F. : '* (Az ) 3 fleurs-de-lis 
(or)." Bishop's Cleeve. Eighth shield of remains from Hayles 
Abbey. F., modern, quarterly with England. Henry VIL 
with rose of Lancaster and portcullis. Hayles. Fourth 
shield of glass removed to Toddington. Quarterly, modern 
F. with England, ensigned with crown and motto: " Honi 
soit," &c. Henry VIII. Fifth shield. Modern F. quarterly 
with England, and a label arg., Prince Edward. MicMeion. 
Modern F. and England quarterly. In window. Newent. 
On glass in dwelling-house at Crooks. Quartered i and 4, 
modern F. and England, with 2, Scotland, 3, Ireland. 
Newiiham. Glass in church. F. quartered with England. 
PaiLutley. Escut of pret. of Somerset on [Brickenden]. 
Modern F. quartered with England. The same, Somerset, 
1764. [Really these should have a bord.] Stapleton. 
Somerset again with its bordure, but there has been an 
error on the atchment of quartering i and 4 England, 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



though it is named F., and making the 2 and 3 the three 
fleurs of F. 

[FRANKHAM.] Pauntley. Impaled with Attwood, 1719: 
" Per chev. . . . betw. 3 lions' heads 
erased . . ." [? Blazon: "Per chev. . . . 
and ... a chev. betw.," &c. Papworth says Sir John 
Steward ; but I cannot find F. coat or marriage.] 
[FRAYE.] MicUeton. Second quartering of [Harvey], 

impaled with Fisher : " Or on a fess sa. 
three beehives of the first." [I cannot 
find any connections. The h. of F. married Waldegrave.] 

FREAME AND Bisley. "Arg. a chev. sa. in chief a bar 

FREME. „ ^ r- ' r -D r^^T U- 

engr. gu., 1696, impalmg Pate. [ Wilham, 

s. of Thomas F. and Elizabeth Bigge. 

Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 64, says of Bisley, but no marriage.] 

*' Cross moline betw. 4 ears of wheat," , 1659. [Rudder, 

293: Az. a cross flory gu. (false) betw. 8 ears of ripe 

wheat, stalked and pendent proper." Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 62, 

where it is the second quartering : Arg. a cross patonce 

gu. betw. four ears of wheat proper." Papworth gives 

neither. Impahng Biggs. The above Vis. says Brigs, 

but Thomas F., of Lypiatte, married Elizabeth Biggs, Wore. 

Vis., 1569, p. 16. So the F.s bore two coats.] Cirencester. 

The same as the first coat, with a crescent for diff. [Glos. 

Vis., 1682, p. 64: William F., 1678, was the second son 

of William F. and Eleanor Hereford, and he married Mary 

Portlock ; but there is no impaling here.] Minchin Hampton. 

Impaled with Baynham. The first. [Alice, fourth d. ot 

Robert F., married Joseph B. Anne, their d., ob. 1632.] 

Stroud. Impaling Query, 61. Anne . . . his wife, 1694 • 

*' Arg. a chev. sa. in chief a fess engr. gu.," 1664. [Rudder, 

715 : Thomas F., 1664, aged 63 ] The same, with crescent 

for diff., 1709, Freme. Berkeley. " Two chevronels betw. 

3 cronels." [Naylor says *' Arg. 2 chevronels betw. 3 cronels 

az."] William F., but no date, and impahng Query, 7. 

Cheltenham. The same arms and impaling Pate, 1699, as in 

Bisley. [This commemorates Wilham F.'s wife, who was 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Mary, d. of Thomas P.] Chivchdown. The same as the 
first. 2 and 3 quartering of Windowe, 1745-6. \Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 64: Sarah, d. and coh. of Thomas F. and Edith . . . 
married Henry W., of Glos. and, p. 204, of Churchdown. 
Henry, his son, ob. s.p., 1745-6, aged 63.] 
FREEMAN. Batsfovd. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3, 

Edwards: "Az. 3 lozenges in fess or." 

[Walter Edwards F., son of Mary, only 
child of Richard F., Lord Chancellor of Ireland, and 
Elizabeth Keck, who married Walter Edwards, whose arms 
Rudder, 266, says were ** Party per bend sinister erm. and 
erminois a lion ramp, or," slightly different from Bigland's.] 
Beckford. Arg. on a fess az. 3 lozenges or, in chief a lion 
issuant gu. holding a lozenge." [This looks like the crest 
brought in as a charge. WiUiam F., 1694.] Deevhurst. Third 
shield, as first coat, marshalled with Powell and Roberts. 
[Monument was erected by Kemmet F.] Dyrham. "Three 
lozenges," 1757, impaling Tyler, 1754. [Francis F., of 
Norton Malreward, co. Som., married Mary, d. and h. of 
Isaac T., so this ought to have been an escut. of pret.] 
Hasfield. As the first, impaling Roberts, 1658. [John F., 
of Bushley, married Mary, d. of John Roberts, of Fiddington ; 
this would account for the Kemmet F. in Deerhurst. See 
Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 66.] Hempsted. As the first, 1643. [John 
F., s. of the last, see same reference, slain at the siege of 
Gloucester.] Twining. Two shields. One, F. as the Hasfield, 
marshalled with two Roberts. [This is Eleanor, 1653, who 
was d. of the John and Mary F.] 

[FREEMAN.] Ampney Crucis. " Three lozenges in fess," 
impaHng ? [Hinson], 1763. [Anne, wife of 
Robert Berkeley F. I cannot find him or 
marriage in F. pedigrees.] Maysemore. Impaled with 
Pembruge, 1738 : Az. a fess lozengy or." [? F., it may 
be Percy ; but the monument is to William P., and if the 
same William, he is stated on p. iii, Glos. Vis., 1682, to have 
married Culpeper Lawrence, whose arms are quite different, 
but his s. and h., Edmund P., 1766, is also commemorated. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



259 



No wives are mentioned, only a d.] North Leach. Impaled 
with Parker, 1692: "3 lozenges in fess." [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 66 : Mary, second d. of John F. and Mary Roberts, 
married John P., of Harsfield.] Tewkesbury. A fess fusily," 

, impaling [Tracy] , 1670. [Thciast reference, Kemmet 

F., of Twining, married Priscilla, d. of Major Henry T.] 
Woodchester. Fourth hatchment, impaled with Paul (1774). 
'Quarterly i and 4, as first F. with [Tyler] , see Dyrham, 
[Sir Onesiphorus P. married secondly Catherine, d. and coli. 
of Francis F., of Norton Malreward, co. Sornerset ; she died 
1766, s.p. Burke's Extinct Barts., p. 403.] 

[FREEMASONS.] MicUeton. "... (sa.) on a ch«v. betw. 3 
castles (arg.) a pair of compasses (extended 
as the first now ' or')." Over monument to 
Thomas Woodward, 1716, of Aston Subedge, and Elizabeth, 
his wife, 1686.] Winchcomhe, . . . on a chev. betw. 3 
<:astles ... a pair of compasses open . . ." [Monu- 
ment says Tarran, 1800.] 

FREMOR, Deerhicrst. Impaling Carill, 1677 • " Arg. a 

ERROR FOR t , i j j 

FERMOR. iGSS sa. betw. 3 lions heads erased gu., 

1691. [Peter F. married Elizabeth, d. of 
John C, of Langley, Surrey.] 

FRENCH. Cheltenham. Impaling Ingram, 1727 : " (Az.) 

bend betw. 2 dolphins (arg.)." [Eliza- 
beth, d. of Rev. James I., married 
Willliam F.] 

FROGNOLD. Broniesherrow. Fourth quartering of Honey- 
wood : " Sa. 2 bars or a chief arg." [Kent 
Vis., called Frogenhall ; it is there the fourth 
quartering, but pedigree does not prove it.] 
FULLER. Sevenhampton. Sinister impaling of Dodwell, 

1727: " Gu. 3 bars and a canton arg." 
/ [Rudder, 647, says the same. Papworth 
says the canton is sinister; it is more often with the field 
" arg. and the bars and canton gu." Sir William D., 
Knt., married secondly Mary, 1724, d. of Francis F.] 
Whittington. 2 and 3 quartering of Dodwell on escut. of 

19 

ToL. xxvm. 



26o Transactions for the Year 1905. 



pret. on Tracy atchment, ? 1768. Here it is " Arg. 3 bars 
gu. a canton of the second." [On Sevenhampton monument 
she is not stated to be an heiress.] Also the same escut. of 
pret. on Tracy, 1770. 

[FULTNETBY.] Wofton Underedge. Impaled with Master: 

" Gu. 3 crescents arg. a chief erm.," 

[George M.'s father Richard married Eliza- 
beth F.] 

FULWOOD. Aston Somerville. Impaled with [Parry] i 
*' Gu. a chev. betw. 3 mullets arg." 
[Rebecca, 1709, d. of Thomas F., married 

John P., 1714, rector.] 

FURNIVAL. Cheltenham. Tenth quartering of Lygon 
atchievement : " Arg. a bend betw. 6 
martlets gu. a crescent for difference." 
[Most probably brought in by twelfth quartering Verdon.] 
FUST. Hill, ox Hull. Quarterly of six. First: "Arg. 

on a chev. betw. 3 bills sa. as many mullets 
pierced of the field," 1779, impaling 
Hamilton. [Sir John F., ob. s.p., married Philippa, d. of 
John H., of Chilson, co. Kent, nephew of James, Earl of 
Abercorn. Baronetcy became extinct.] Stroud. The same^ 
only without the mullets being "pierced." [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 177: Elizabeth, 1718, d. of Sir Edward F. and Anne Mary 
Stephens, married Thomas Warner.] Impaled with Warner^ 
1736. 

GAGE OR CAGE. Fretherne Lodge. First shield over chimney 
in parlour. " Per pale az. and gu. over all 
a saltire or." [Surrey Vis., " Gu. and az.," 
really Cage. Bigland says about 1623 the family of Cage or 
Gage owned the manor.] Third shield. " Gyronnee of four 
az. and arg. over all a saltire gu.," De Gage. [Papworth, 
"Arg. and az.," Sir John Gage, Surrey.] Newland. No 
blazon, in High Meadow House. Atchievement of Lord 
Gage, with escut. of pret.. Hall. [Thomas, first Viscount 
G., married first Benedicta Maria Theresa, only d. and h. of 
Benedict H., Esq., of Fligh Meadow.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 261 



GAMAGE. Maysemore. Second quartering of Pembruge, 

1784 : " Arg. a bend lozengy gu. a chief az." 
[Hereford Vis., 1569, p. 55: Sir Henry P., 
Knt., married Elizabeth, d. (and h.) of Sir Godfrey G., Knt.] 
GARDINER. Frampfon- on- Severn. *i and 3, quartering of 
WiNCHCOMBE, 1766: "Sa. (generally az.) a 
chev. erm. betw. 3 griffins' heads erased or." 
[I cannot find this heiress marriage ; the monument is to 
Nathaniel W. and his wife, Ann Bell ; their son married 
Mary, d. and h. of Daniel Parker; quite different arms, so- 
I suppose it is an early one before the extinct baronetcy 
line.] 

GARNON. Cirencester. Seventh quartering of D' Anvers r 

" Arg. a fess betw. 3 crosses pattee sa."^ 
[According to the Hereford Vis. this is 
brought in by Stradling ; there the name is Gernons.] 
[GARNONS.] Lea. Impaled with Nourse : " (Gu.) 2 lions- 
pass, (or, generally, within bord. az.). [Philip 
N. married Mary, 1769, d. of WilHam G.,, 
of Trelough.] 

GARSHALL. Bishop's Cleeve. Arms on portraits. Thirds 
really fourth quartering, the names have 
been transposed: "Quarterly arg. and sa. 
on a bend gu. 3 fleurs-de-lis of the first." [Warwickshire Vis.^ 
p. 220. This comes in, but I cannot find connection.] 
GARSTANG. Cirencester. Device, with initials H.G. [This 
is given on Sir J. Maclean's plate at end of 
Glos. Trans., xvii. No. 10, as a cross patty 
with the base forked and a V interlaced, his shield is close 
by No. 12, and on p. 276 he says it is a rare example of the 
same man bearing merchant's mark and arms ; there is also 
the mark mentioned above, No. 40, which is a Latin cross 
treated the same in base with the initials, for Hugh G.} 
Two shields. First, " Az. 3 mascles or, a chief arg." 
[Hugh or Henry G., 1464.] Second, the same, " within a 
bordure engr. gu." [P. G.'s coat.] Each in windows, stalls,, 
corbels, and tomb. 



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GARTER KING Title-pae^e to each volume. " Are:, a cross 
OF ARMS. 1 . r 1 , 

gu. on a cniei az. a ducal coronet surrounded 

by the Garter and its motto, betw. a lion 

pass, gmard. and a fleur-de-lis or," ensigned with Garter's 

coronet, on which is inscribed *' Miserere," impaling 

BiGLAND. 

•GASTRELL. Tethuvy. Impaling Savage, 1695: "Cheeky 
arg. and sa. on a chief or, 3 bucks' heads 
erased {Glos. Vu.^ 1682, p. 70, couped, which 
is right) sa.," 1732. Crest : Lion's head erased ppr. gorged 
with a collar az. [Glos. Vis., 1623, a chaplet vert.). [Gilbert 
G. married first Ann, d. of William S.] The same, escut. 
of pret., 1785, on Dalby, 1773. [Jane, d. and coh. of James 
and Mary G., married James D.] Quarterly, i and 4. The 
■same, 1586, with 2 and 3, Query, 63, impaling quarterly. 
Query, 63. Crest : Lion's head erased. [The pedigrees do 
not give an earlier heiress marriage than Richard G., of 
Shipton Moyne, 1623, with Jane, d. and h. of Thomas 
Butler, of Badminton, whose arms Nayler gives as " Gu. 
2 bars erm. " ; therefore the first Query, 63, must have been 
an earlier marriage.] In old church. The same, 1625, most 
probably Richard above. 

GATACRE. Buchland. Fourth quartering of Botteville. 

alias Thynne : "Quarterly gu. and erm. on 
the 2 and 3 quarters 3 piles of the first, over 

all on a fess az. 3 bezants." [Brought in with [Heynes] . 

Shropshire Vis., 1623, p. 235 : Thomas H., of Stretton, 

married Jocosa, d. and h. of Humfrey G. and Eleanor 

Blyke.] 

r[GATWAY OR Broadwell. Dormitory. 2 and ^, quartering 
GAYTWAY.l >j -1 

of Hunks, 1588 : " Or on a chev. sa. 3 goats 

pass. {Wore. Vis., 1569, p. 81, trippant) of 

the field (also arg.)." [Robert H. married Elizabeth, d. 

and coh. of William G.] 

•GEERING. Westbury-on-Trim. Impaled with Martin : 

" Gu. 2 bars arg. on each 3 mascles (may 
be lozenges) gu. (of the first)," 1721-2 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



263 



[GEORGE.] Rodmarton. " Arg. a fess gu. betw. 3 falcons- 

rising az., beaked and armed or," , 1807. 

[This is only part of the coat ; it should be 

" Arg. on a fess (az. may be gu.) betw. 3 falcons rising az. 

as many bezants each charged witii^ a lion's head erased 

sa."] Crest: A demy talbot sa. ear and jam(b) arg. collared 

or [and often betw. 2 branches vert.] . 

GEORGES. Cirencester. First of three shields in Jesus 

Chapel. Really George: "Arg. a fess gu 
betw. 3 falcons wings elevated az.," " 1707 
Marshalled with [Brooke] and Powell. \_Glos. Trans., xvii., 
282. Sir J. Maclean says the order of these was altered in 
1867, th^^ William G. married Rebecca ? Brooke, 1722,. 
and she remarried Thomas P., 1718; but he also says on 
p. 270 that there was a shield of George, with quarterings 
impaling an unnamed coat with quarterings.] 
[GERVEYS.] Cirencester. Third shield in N. aisle. " (Gu.) 

3 greyhounds (courant) in pale (arg. collared 
of the first)," and fifth shield on pillars on S. 
side. The same. Also fifth shield on the stalls. The 
same. [Glos. Trans., xvii. 279-80. Sir J. Maclean says the 
Gerveys held a small sub-tnanor at the beginning of the 
fifteenth century, and that probably this commemorates John 
G., 1453, who was a benefactor to the fabric. Mr. Carles, in 
the Appendix, p. 318: These arms are blazoned, but gives 
no name ; they were on the sixth stall on the N. side of 
chancel.] 

[GIBBS.] Rodboreugh. Hatchment. "Arg. 3 battle^ 

axes erect sa.," Crest : Three broken 

spears, one in pale and two in saltire or 
banded az. 

GIBBES. Down Hatherley. " Arg. 3 battleaxes sa."' 

1728. [In memory of Wroughton G. and 
Elizabeth Bathurst G., erected by William 

G., 1785.] Marshfield. The same, impaling Harrington,. 

1723. [Elizabeth, d. of John H., of Kelston, and relict of 

Alderman Henry G., of Bristol.] 



1264 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



GIFFORD. Cheltenham. Sixth quartering of Lygon : 

" Gu. 3 lions pass, (in pale) arg." [Wore. Vis., 
1569, p- 90: Thomas L. married . . . d. 

and h. (coh.) to . . . G.] 

[? GIFFORD.] Wotton Underedge. " Sa. 3 fusils (conjoined) 

in fess or (generally arg.)," Eleventh 

quartering of Bainham, 1667, perhaps " az." 

intended for Freeman. 

GILBERT. Dowdeswell. Impaled with Rich, 1713 : 

" Az. on a chev. arg. 3 roses gu." 
[Monument says Baily R. married . . ., 
■only d. and h. of John G., of Swindon. This coat is not 
given in Armories ; query wrong blazon of true G.] 
GILES. WicKwar. " Az. a chev. or betw. 3 castles 

towered arg." 1750. [Rudder, 821 : William 
G., of this parish.] 

GIST. Wovmington. First of four hatchments [now 

in Broadway Studio] : " Party per pale gu. 
and sa. on a cross (error for chev.) engr. or, 
3 fleurs-de-lis az. betw. 3 swans' necks erased arg.," impaling 
[Westenra] , &c. [Burke's Land. Gent., 1898, p. 586, says 
•chevron is erminois, and the swans' heads and necks were 
erm., and I thought "gorged." Samuel Gist G., 1845, 
married Hon. Marianne W., 1844, d. of Warner William, 
second Baron Rossmore.] Crests : i, A swan's neck 
erased arg. collared and labelled gu. [A book-plate of 
Josiah G. bore: Swan's head and neck erased erm. collared, 
? purpure (gu.) betw. 2 palm branches vert., i.e. ppr., and is 
so given in the Armoury.'] 2, A demi, savage ppr. labelled gu. 
holding in dex. hand a wreath vert., in sin. hand a cross croslet 
gu. [The book-plate had both wrists banded gu. and handcuffed 
with links of broken chain pendent ppr.] Second hatchment. 
Quarterly i and 4, as G. above with 2 and 3, ? [Placeway] , 
and escut. of pret., Westenra, a celestial crown and motto: 
*' In coelo quies " [? undertaker's.] Third hatchment. The 
same as last, only witli G. crest and motto : " Benigno numine." 
Fourth hatchment. Blazon as the first, with no crest, 1844. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 265 

GLANVILE. Clifford Chambers. Seventh quartering of 
Raynesford : " Arg. a chief indented az." 
[This is not among the quarterings of R. 

in Glos. Vis., 1582, p. 227; but Oxford Vis., p. 169, says G. 

married the h. of Lions, the eighth 'quartering. Ebrington. 

Glanville, error for Granville. 

GLOUCESTER Buckland. " Az. a sword in pale point in 
ABBEY. 

base or betw. 2 keys in saltire of the second. 



Colne St. AldwyrCs. No bla?Jon. The battle- 
ments bear the arms of St. Peter's Abbey, Gloucester. 

Down Hatherley. Second shield marshalled 
DEANERY. . , ^ ^ r 

with AiSGiLL : " On a less 3 crosses patty 

fitchy, on a canton a fleur-de-lis" . . . [Really, " Az. on 

a fess or 3 crosses formy fitchy of the first, in chief a canton of 

the second charged with a demi rose radiated gu. betw. 2 demi 

palewise fleurs-de-lis. Standish. " Az. 2 keys 
SEE OF. , • „ . ^ ^ ^ 

m saltire or, impaling Brampton, 1708. 

[GOBYON.] Kempley. F'ourth quartering of Finch : "Arg. 

within a bord. engr. 3 pikes haurient sa.," 

[Papworth says G.; Shropshire Vis. 

says the h. of G. married Butler, of Wem.] 

GODDARD. Blockley, co. Worcester. Impaled with Carter, 

1667. [Monument says Edward C. married 

Maria . . •] " Gu. a chev. vaire (really 

vair) betw. 3 crescents arg." Kempsford. " Gu. a chev. 

betw. 3 heads erased or." [Bigland names this G. It is 

over a Parker monument, but the next one is close by ; 

Parker never bore heads erased, so I conclude it is intended 

to be marshalled with the next, and for Godard. " Per 

chev. gu. and sa., 3 falcons' heads erased arg."] " Gu. 

a chev. vaire (vair) betw. 3 crescents or (really arg.)," 1706. 

[Robert G., only son of Richard G., Rector of Castle 

Easton.] Down Ampney. Third shield, marshalled with 

Berkeley, of Stoke : *' Gu. a chev. vairy (really vair) betw. 

3 crescents or (arg.)," over Hungerford monument, 1634. 

[Sir John H., Knt., married secondly Anna, d. of Edward G. 

Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 89, only gives the first marriage with 



266 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

Mary Berkeley.] LasshorotigJi. 2 and 3, quartering of 
EsTcouRT, 1624: " Sa. a fess betw. 3 eagles' heads (Rudder, 
falconi') erased or." [Here Bigland does not name this 
coat, but it is often attributed to G. ; it is really Beauboys.] 
Shipton Moyne. The same as the last, and here it is named, 
as well as on three other shields. Guiting Poher. " Gu. 
a chev. vaire (vair) betw. 3 crescents gu." [this is false, 
the "crescents" should be " arg."], Edmund G., of 
Swindon, 1676. Crest : Buck's head affronte gu. attired or. 
[GODFREY.] Newent. Impaled with Bourne, 1708 1 
" (Sa.) a chev. betw. 3 pelicans' heads 
erased (vulning themselves or)." John B.,. 
of Sutton Bourne, co. Somerset, married Dorothy G. 
[GOLDING.] Tewkesbury. Arms (bla-nk). [I read it in 
1902 as " (Gu.) a chev. (arg.) between 3 
bezants," and impaling "... 3 pales 
( ? paly of six) ... on a chief ... 3 mullets . . ." 
[Papworth says the impaling may be Chemell or 
Goodison.] 

GOLDSTONE. Fairford. Second atchievement. Second 

quartering of Barker: " Gu. a fess betw. 

3 saltires arg. charged with 3 annulets sa." 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 9, says " Gu. a fess betw. 3 saltires 
arg., an annulet for diff. ..." William B., alias Coverall, 
married Margaret, d. and h. to ... G. of G.] 
[? GOODHIND.] Ashchnrch. Impaled with Bannister, 1734 

"A fess betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis," 1729. 

[Rudder, 237, says " Gu. a fess betw. 3 
fleurs-de-lis or." Papworth says this is Goodhind, but 
should think the "fess" is more likely "wavy," when it 
would be Hicks.] 

GOODMAN. Bishop's Cleeve. Ninth shield in remains from 

Hayles Abbey. " (Arg.) eagle with 2 necks 

parti per pale sa. and erm." 
[GOODMAN.] Newent. Impaling Chinn : " An eagle 

displayed." [This would be as the last» 

John G., 1764.] 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



267- 



GORGES AND Bromesberrow. Impaled with Yate, 1766: 
DE GORGES. ^ 1 • 1 1 „ r^, 

" Arg. a whirlpool ppr. iGlos. Vzs., 1682, 

p. 211 : Robert Dobyns, who took the name 

of Yate, married Elizabeth, d. of Richard G., of Eye, co. 

Hereford.] Dyrham. Third quartering^of Dennys : " Lozengy 

or and az. a chev. gu." \_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 49., it is fifth 

quartering, and is given as arg. and az., which is an error ; it 

comes in with Russell, as Theobald R. married Elianor 

(p. 50), d. and h. to Sir Raufie G., Knt."| The last and this 

the eleventh shield, which has no blazon, are from the M.S. 

of John Smyth, of Nibley. The fourteenth shield is G., 

quartered with Russell, and the fifteenth is the same,. 

only impaled with . de la Riviere. Faivford. Fourth 

quartering of Dennys, impaled with Lygon, 1560. [Here 

it is styled De Gorges (why ?), and is the same as 

Dyrham brought in by Russell]. The same is also 

engraved on the tomb of Roger Lygon in Bigland, facing 

p. 571. Olveston. Second and sixth shields, third quartering 

of Dennys, 1506. The same as Dyrham above, but no 

blazon. 

[GORGES.] Olveston. First and fifth shields, third 
quartering of Dennys, 1506: " Lozengy 
..." Prinknash. Fifth quartering of 

Dennys in pedigree : " Fretty (error for lozengy) O (or) and 

az. a chev. G. (gu.)," 

? GORNEY. Hardwicke. i and 4 quartering, impaled with 

Trye : Arg. a saltire betw. 4 mullets gu.'^ 
[G. is given in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. i6g, as 
"Arg. a cross engr. betw. four estoiles gu.," but as this 
quarters 2 and 3 Brandon, which pedigree, p. 170, proves^ 
though it is the coat of Garsed, of Norfolk, yet I should 
think it is a wrong blazon.] 

[GOSPATRICK.] Mickleton. Sixth quartering of Fisher: 
" Vaire az. and arg. a pale sa." [Really, 
" Vai«r a pale sa." Pedigree says Herbert 

Orreby, the fourth quartering, married Lucy, d. and h. of 

. . . Gosworth, ? error for G.] 



268 



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GOSTLETT. MarsJtfield. " Gu. a chev. engr. erm. betw. 

3 pheons or." [John G., 1692, and Mary, 
1698, his wife, d. of John Harrington, of 
Kelston.] 

GOUGH. Almondshury. Escut. of pret. on Chester : 

" (Gu.) on a fess (arg.) betw. 3 boars' heads 
couped (close or) a lion pass, of the field." 
Thomas C. married secondly Mary, widow of George 
Gwinnett, and d. and h. of Jeremy G., of London.] 
Badgwovth. 2 and 3, quarterings of Gwinnett. The same 
as the last, without tinctures, 1756. [George Gwinnett G., 
son of the above ; query, George Gough Gwinnett, unless he 
took the name, as he was the son of Mary.] 5". BnaveVs. 

Az. 3 boars' heads couped arg.," Warren G., 1625. [Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 74 : " Gu. 3 boars' heads couped 2 and i, arg. 
tusked or." Here Warren G. is stated to have died circa 
1637, but Nayler and Atkyns as well give the first. This 
must be an error, and ought to be "Arg. 3 boars' heads 
couped sa. armed or," the Goughs of Bristol.] Elmore. 
*'Az. on a fess arg. a lion pass. gu. betw. 3 boars' heads 
couped of the second," 1747. [Papworth says " Fess or and 
heads arg." The Rev. Mr. William James, Vicar of Longney, 
1744, and Mary, his wife, d. of John G., of Stonehouse.] 
GOURNAY. Lower Siddington. One of two coats removed 

to Cirencester Church. Glos. Trans., xvii. 276. 
Sir J. Maclean says the same, and gives the 
coat, "Paly of 6 or and az.," (Sir) Thom(as) G(o)urnay. 
GRAFTON. Buckland. Rebus : A tun with the graft of 

a tree issuing from it. 
[GRAFTON.] Stapleton. Third quartering of Smith : " Or 
a lion ramp. gu. supporting an altar or 

pillar arg.," [Error, see Tewther.] 

GRAHAM, Tewheshiiry. Quarterly in pale I. 1 and 4, 

"Or." [I read this as "Or on a chief sa. 
3 escallops arg.," really of the first, 1852. 
It is the I and 4 grandquarters, and bears the Baronet's 
inescutcheon impaling Young. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



269 



GRAILE. Corse. " Sa. a cross or charged in centre 

with a pellet." [Edmund G., 1643, married 
Elizabeth . . . 1638. This coat is not in 

the Armories, but Bigland engraves it in his plates. Rudder 

makes no mention.] 

GRANVILLE, Abston and Wick. On Lansdown monument 
to Sir Beville G., on E. side the arms of G., 
but no blazon, with the crest on top a 
griffin (pass. or). Buchland. " Gu. 3 clarions or." Col. 
Bernard G., 1703, grandson of Sir Beville. Ebrington. Im- 
paled with Fortescue. Same as last, but named Glanville 
in error. 

GRAVES. MicUeton. In window. Shields of G. im- 

paling Swan and Bates. No blazon. 
Quarterly, i and 6: " Gu. an eagle displ. 
or crowned arg. betw. 8 cross croslets of the second," 1616. 
[John G., of Beamesley, co. York, aged nearly 103 ; he 
married, second quartering, the d. and h. of Mensier.] 
First shield of ten on the dexter side, the same as last. 
■Quarterly with escut. of pret., Morgan. The same. 
[Richard, s. of Samuel G., married Elizabeth, d. and coh. 
of Captain Thomas M.] Quarterly i and 4 with Morgan 
2 and 3, 1729. [This is intended for the same as the last 
in memory of Richard, but it is the coat of his son 
Morgan G., who put up the monument.] As first coat, 
1770, impaling [Walwyn] . [Morgan, s. of Richard G. 
and Elizabeth Morgan, married Anne, d. of . . . W., 
of Eongworth.] 

GREEN. Newent. " (Az.) 3 bucks trippant (or)," 1703, 

and the same impaling Rogers, 1699. 

[William G. and EHanor (Rogers), his wife. 
Rudder, 565, says there is a shield of Edward R., 1763 
impaling G. This is not in Bigland's list.] 
GREENE. Clifford Chambers. Sixth quartering of 

Raynsford, 1632: " Az. a chev. erm. betw. 

3 bucks trippant or." [Oxford Vis., p. 169, 
says h. of G. married a Hall, the fifth quartering.] 



270 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



GREGORY, Lea. "(Or) two bars (az.) in chief a lion 

pass, (of the second)," impahng Nourse, 
172-. [Monument says . . . the wife of 
Robert G., of Weston-under-Penyard, co. Hereford, and 
d. of John N. Biivke's Land. Gent., i^SSj P- 943 > gives two- 
John N.'s marriages with ds. of Gregory, but not this 
Gregory-Nourse one, neither is it in the Visitations.'] 
Wotton Underedge. Tinctured as the Lea one, 1738- 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 78 : Edward, s. of Abraham G. and 
Frances Pritchards, vicar of the parish.] Berkeley. Tinctured 
as Lea. Jeremy G., 1690, vicar of the parish. [He is not in 
the Glos. Vis.] 

[GREGORY.] Hempsted. Wrongly tinctured :" Arg. 2 bars 
sa. in chief a lion pass, of the last," impaling 
? [Murtford]. [John G., Archdeacon of 

Gloucester. 1678. He is said in Glos. Vis., 16S2, p. 77, to 

have married Elizabeth, d. of Nicholas M., of Yarmouth,.. 

CO. Norfolk.] 

GRESHAM. BucUand. Seventh quartering of Botteville,. 

alias Thynne : " Arg. a chev. erm. betw. 3. 

mullets sa." [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 164: John 
Thyn, of Longl-eat, married first Christian, d. of Sir Richard 
G., Knt.] 

GREVEL. Campden. Illustration, four shields entrailed 

only : " A cross engr. within bord. also engr. 
in dex. quarter a mullet," given in the text 
as " Sa. on a cross with a bord. engr. or, five pellets (not in 
engraving) a mullet for diff.," William G., 1401, and Mariana,. 
1380, his wife. Cheltenham. Thirteenth quartering of Lygon. 
Same as last. [Wore. Vis., 1569, p. 91 : Sir Richard L., 
Knt., married Margaret, d. and coh. of Judge William G.] 
[GREVILE.] Below is the achievement of the Earl of" 
Warwick, the i and 4 quarters in which the 
field is tinctured are the second coat above 
without the nuiliet for diff. ; the 2 and 3 are entrailed. 
Supporters: "Two swans rising (arg.) legged, beaked and 
ducally gorged (gu.)." Ensigned with Earl's coronet and the 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



271 



motto: " Vix ea nostra voco." Weston-upon-Avon. Quarterly 

I and 4: "... on a cross within bord. engr. 9 balls," , 

1546. [I think these 9 balls are on the bordure, and that 
there were most probabl}^ 5 on the cross as well.] 
GREVILLE. Faivfofd. lUustratiorf, on lady's mantle on 
the man's sinister side in brass, given in 
the text as " Sa. on a cross within a 
bord. both engr. or five pellets," 1506. \_Glos. Vis., 1623, 
p. 260 : Sir Edmund Tame married Agnes, d. of Sir 
Edward Grevell, Knt.] Lemmington. *' Sa. on a cross 
engr. or 5 pellets," 1636. [Two brothers, Charles and 
Peter, who died bachelors.] 

•GREY DE 'Lea. Stained glass. "Barry of 6 arg. and 

WILTON. . 1 . r 1 , , r • A 1 

az. m chiei a label 01 5 pomts gu. Also 
the same "with a canton gu. charged with 
3 mullets or." [Query, the canton is Patrick.] 
GREYNDOUR. Dean Michel. Impaled with Baynham, 1444. 

Query, a dimidiated coat or quartered : 
"Per pale or and vert 12 guttes counter- 
changed," and " crusily a fess," [This would be " Or 

a fess betw. 6 crosses croslet gu.," and is another G., though 
it may be the " crosses florete " which Bigland gives as de 
Abbenhall. The Baynham marriage was with Alice, d. and 
h. of Thomas Walwyn, and Elizabeth, sister and h. of Sir 
John G., Knt. ; so she must have used her mother's coat.] 
Fretherne. Third quartering of Baynham : " Per pale gu. and 
vert guttee d'or." Fourth quartering: "Or a fess betw. 6 
crosslets florete gu." 

[GREYNDOUR.] De Abbenhall. See above. Coherley. Third 
quartering of Baynham impaled with Bruges: 
" Gutte ..." \Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 12: 
"Vert 6 guttes d'or 2.2. and 2." This is most probably the 
sinister half of the " Per pale and 12 " in the first.] Fourth 

quartering : " A fess betw. 6 crosses croslet," See above. 

Preston-upon-Avon. Ninth shield in window, third quartering 
of Bullock, error for Baynham: "Vert 2 pales erminois." 
[This is the wrong reading of the gouttes above.] Fourth 



272 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



quartering: "Or a fess gu," named Lacy. [Error, as the 
croslets are left out, for G.] 

[GREYSTOCK.] MicUeton. Seventh quartering of Fisher: 

" Gu. 3 cushions arg. tasselled or," 

[William G. married Mary, eldest d, and 

coh. of Roger de Merley, the fifth quartering, and John G. 

married Elizabeth, one of the ds. and cohs. of Robert Ferrers, 

the ninth quartering.] 

GRIFFITH. Winterbotirn. Impahng [Auld] : "Arg. a 

chev. sa. betw. a Black-amoor's head 
affronte ppr.," 1717. [Really, " Gu. a chey. 
betw. three saracens' heads in profile, the two in chief couped 
and the one in base erased arg."] Crest : Buck's head 
cabossed. [Fairbairn, Per pale or and arg.] The same as 
above impaling Brightwell, 1748. I cannot find marriages. 
[? GRIFFITH Brockworth. Fourth quartering of Jones, 

MAELOR.] -n 1 f ^ J /I 1 r o 

, 1747 • Faly 01 6 or and gu. (? paly 01 8 arg. 

and gu.) a lion ramp, sa.," 

GRYFFIN. Stvoitd. " Sa. a griffin segreant arg.," 1627^ 

impaling Webbe. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 197 
Anne, eldest d. of Thomas W., of Stroud, 
and Anna, d. of Jasper Clutterbuck, married John G., of 
Stroud; but the monument in Rudder, 715, says that John 
G.'s wife was Elizabeth .... If it was Webb impaling G. 
this would be right, as their g.d. Elizabeth, 1681, married 
John Webb, of Stroud.] 

GUISE. East Leche S. Martin or Burthorpe. Illustra- 

tion, tomb of John Guise at Elmore. First 
and third shields, quartering Wysham. 
I and 4: " (Gu.) 7 lozenges, 3.3.1. vair on a canton (or), a 
mullet pierced (sa.)," 1472. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 72: John G., 
of Asple Gise, married . . . ? Alice, d. and h. of Jo. Wysam, 
Knt. ; but this is quartered, yet it might be him, put up after 
his death.] Elmore. Tinctured, quartering Wysham, as 
before; and quartering, query third quarter Beauchamp, 
of Holte. Also G. impaling Pauncefote. [Glos. Vis., 1623, 
p. 72 : John G., of Elmor, married Jane, d. of Richard 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



273. 



Pawnsfoote.] Also G. impaling Dennys. [On p. 73 William 
G. married* Cecilia, d. of Jo. D., of Pucklechurch.] These 
last three are on the chimney-piece in the Court. Quarterly 
I and 4 as before, with (2) Beauchamp and (3) Wysham, Sir 
William G., 1642. Also G., 1716, irfipaling Snell. [Glos.. 
Vis., 1682, pp. 81 and 82 : William, s. of Henry G., of 
Winterbourn, and Philippa Bridges, married Dorothy, 
1758, d. and h. of John S., of co. Warwick.] And the same 
with crest : A swan ppr. issuing from a ducal coronet. G. 
quarterly with Snell, and with escut. of pret., Cooke. 
[Henry G., s. of the last, married Mary, d. of Edward and 
coh. to her brother, Dennis C] Haresfield. Impaled with 
[Roberts], 1769. [Monument says only Ludovic R. I 
cannot find marriage.] Sandhurst. Here the mullet is stated- 
to have 6 points, impaling Viney, 1680. [Rudder, 641. 
Monument says Joane, wife of John Gyse, of this parish.] 
Tainton. " Gu. 7 mascles (lozenges) conjoined vair or and 
az. {i.e. vairy), really vair (arg. and az.) on a canton or, a 
mullet of 6 points sa. pierced of the field," 1703. Crest 
Out of a ducal coronet or a demi swan issuant arg. beaked 
sa. [John Gyse, s. of William G. and Dorothy Snell.] 
[GUY.] Tewkesbury. Impaled with Chapman, 1720. 

The same coat without the canton and 
mullet. [Monument says Guy, 1717, of" 
London, who used the same coat.] 

[GUISE.] Bfockworth. Arms with. Baronet's inescut- 

cheon and crest, 1670. [_Glos. Vis.^ 1682-3,. 
p. 81, says "now living," so the monument 
must have been put up in his lifetime.] Didmarton. Impaled 
with CoDRiNGTON 1 " Lozcugy gu. and vaire." [Monument says 
children of John and Francis {sic) C. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 43 : 
John C, 1670, married Frances, d. of Wilham G., of Elmore.] 
GUISWALD. Meysey Hampton. " (Arg.) a fess (gu.) betw. 

2 greyhounds (courant sa.) collared (? of 
the field)," — — , 1625 [Rudder, 545 : 
Margaret, wife of Edward Griswald, really Greswolde] , 
impahng Query, 38. 



■^74 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



<GURNEY. Mickleton. Second shield on dexter side of 

Graves monument: " Arg. a cross engr. 
and voided betw. 4 estoiles (six - pointed 

mullets pierced) gu." [Richard Graves, 1626, married 

Frances, d. of William G.] 

.GWINNETT. Badgeworth. " Az. a chev. betw. 3 spear 
heads arg. points embrued (gu.)," impaling 
Browne, 1717. [George G. married Sara, 
d. of John B., of Turley, co. Glos.] Quarterly i and 4, as 
above, with 2 and 3, Gough, which see, 1756. Dowm 
Hathevley. First of two shields, marshalled with second, 
Emes, 1768: "A chev. betw. 3 spear heads," 1775. [Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 86: Rev. Samuel, LL.B., vicar of the parish, 
married Anne Emes.] Shiirdington. Quarterly i and 4, 

. . . a chev. . . . within a border engr.," [Monument 

says G., 1693, which would be Lawrence, third s. of George 
G. and Elizabeth Lawrence. He was of Great Shurdington, 
so I suppose his coat was differenced by a bordure.] 
-GYDE. Uley. " Az. on a chev. betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis 

or 3 mullets round pierced of the first," 
1743, impaling [? Blagdon] . Crest: Out 
of an earl's coronet or 3 ostrich feathers gu. [Annovy : 
4 feathers, 2 on the dexter gold, 2 on the sinister gu.] Wotton 
Undevedge. Impaled with Adey, 1763. The same as above, 
only the mullets are sa. [Rudder, 852 : Anne, sister to 
Timothy G., of Uley, since deceased, married William A.] 
,[GYDE.] Kings Stanley. Impaled with Clutterbuck, 

1714 : " Az. on a chev. or bt. (betw.) 3 fleurs- 
de-lis or 3 mullets pierced or " (false mullets, 

az. may be sa.), , 1790 [I cannot find a pedigree, and 

the name is not in the Visitations. Burke's Armory, 1884, 
under Gy., misprints it Glyde.] 

HACKLW(U)YT. homh in Westcot. 2 and 3, quartering of 
Blacket, 1431: "Gu. 3 battleaxes (hatchets) 
in pale or." Hereford Vis., p. 37 : Anne, d. and 
h. of Sir John B., m. Raulf Baskerville, then hs., through them 
-and the Mylbornes, to Richard H., of Yetton, co. Hereford] . 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



275 



HAKEBORNE. Cirencester. Capitals of pillars S. side. 

Second shield, Crozier ensigned with a 
mitre. Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 

279, says: " On a chief," the initials J. H. Abbot, 1504-1522; 

he also gives, p. 283, the Abbey caat with on a chief the 

initials J. H. 

HALE. Alderley. Impaling Harding: " Arg. a fess 

and in chief 3 cinquefoils sa," 1706. [This 
marriage does not appear in the Hale 
pedigree, 1682. Vis. and monuments do not give Mary's 
surname, so the coat is valuable.] Littleton. The above 
without tinctures. [Robert H., of this parish, 1723, aged 97, 
and Elizabeth . . . -his wife, 1722, aged 67.] Tewkesbury. 

Arg. a fess sa. in chief 3 cinquefoils vert," impaling 
Penniston, 1700. [Thomas H. married Letitia, d. of the 
Hon. Sir Thomas P.] 

HALGOTT. Maysemore. Really Holcott. Seventh quarter- 

ing of Pembruge, 1784, on escut. of pret. on 
Pitt. [This comes in with third quartering 

Baskerville, as Hereford Vis., 1569, p. 7, says John B. 

married Elynor, d. and h. of Thomas H.] 

HALL. Beckford. Impaled with Wakeman, 1662 : 

" Arg. a chev. betw. 3 talbots' heads erased 
sa." [She is the last in the pedigree of 
H. in Glos. Vis., 1623, and Burke's Land. Gent., ^^53j 
p. 1484, says : Major Richard W. married Anne, d. 
of Benedict H.] Bicknor English. Impaled with Jordan : 
" A chev. betw. 3 lions' heads erased." [Possibly an 
■error of blazon ; it is certainly over a monument to 
Ann H., widow, 1708, aged 88, but there are others 
on it of the Jordan family, viz. John and Elizabeth his 
wife; so as it is not the H.'s coat, it may be that of the 
Elizabeth.] Cirencester. Impaled with Cripps, 1782 : " (Arg.) 
3 talbots' heads erased betw. semee of cross croslets (sa.)." 
Burke's Land. Gent., 1898, p. 345 : Joseph C. married Hester, 
d. of William H., of Arlington.] Newland. Three shields. 
First, " (Arg.) on a chev. betw. 3 talbots' heads erased 

20 

Vol. XXVIII. 



276 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



(sa.) an estoile or," 1644. [Henry, second s. of William 
and brother of Benedict.] Second, the same, impaling 
Winter. [Benedict H., 1668, married Anne, 1675, d. of 
Sir Edward W.] The same as an escut. of pret, on 
Lord Gage's coat, not blazoned. [Rudder, 569 : Lady 
Viscountess Gage — G. E. C. Benedicta Maria Theresa, 
only d. and h. of Benedict (? Henry Benedict) H., 1749 ; but 
Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 74, does not give this Benedict, as the one 
there has two daughters Anne. See Beckford, and Mary.] 
Also the same, 1668, impaling [Winter] 1675. [Benedict, 
H.'s marriage as before.] And the same, 1644. [William H. 
as before.] Clifford Chambers. Fifth quartering of Raynes- 
FORD, 1632 : Arg. an eagle displ. gu." [Oxford Vis., p. 166:. 
John Wylcotts, the second quartering, married . . . d. 
and h. of Edward H.] Pauntley. "... 3 lions ramp.," 
Hall, 1756. [Most probably Mrs. Anne Hall's coat, a 
Pauncefote.] 

HALTON. Westhuvy-on-Trim. Error for [Fichett] . 

Second quartering of Hill, 1627 : " Gu. a 
lion ramp, or debruised by a bend erm." 

[Collinson, i. 244: Isabel, d. and h. of Sir Thomas F., 1396, 

married Robert Hill, of Spaxton.] 

HAMILTON. Clifton, Bristol. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 
and 3, Baillie, error for Melrose title : 
" Gu. on a chev. erm. btw- 3 cinquefoiis arg. a 
harness buckle az. btw. 2 hurts (a variation, generally ermine 
spots) within a bord. or seme of oUve leaves (generally thistles) 
ppr., 1730." [John H., not in Burke's Peerage, s. of Charles, 
Viscount Binning, s. of Thomas, Earl Haddington, and Rachel 
Bailhe, aged 4 years.] Hill, ox Hull. Impaled with Fust, 1779. 
Quarterly i and 4: " Gu. 3 cinquefoiis arg.," modern H. 
2 and 3: "Arg. a ship sa.," ancient H. [Sir John F., ob. 
s.p., married Philippa H., d. of John H., of Chilson, Kent, 
nephew of James, Earl of Abercorn.] 

HAMPTON. Minchin Hampton. Brass. Quarterly i and 4, 
with I and 3, Query, 26 (1 Fitzwilliam) : 
" Gu. a fess chequy or and az. within bord.. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



277 



arg." [Possibly Sir William H., who was Lord Mayor of 
London, 1472, and whom Fuller commends, but does not give 
his arms, as the first to set up stocks in every ward ; or John 
his father.] Thornhiry. Impaled. (Rudder, 758, on escut. 
of pret.) with Raymond, 1756: "Arg. a chev. gu. betw. 3 
cinquefoils az." [William R. married secondly Mary, third 
d. and coh. of Philip H., of Westbury, in the Forest of Dean.] 
Westhury-on-Sevem. "Arg. a chev. betw. 3 cinquefoils gu.," 
1570. Crest: W^olfs head erased (really couped) sa. Wood- 
chester. "Arg. on a fess gu. a rowel or pierced gu," 1771. 
Crest : An arm embowed habited gu. hand ppr. holding a 
sword ppr. [Neither coat or crest are in Armories; possibly 
intended for " Gu. on a fess arg. a mullet sa.] 
HANBURY. Preston Ledbury. Impaling Powell quarterly r 

"Or a bend engr. (vert) (plain) cottised sa.," 

1708. [? Capel H. married two wives, first 
Elizabeth Catesby, and secondly Anne P.] 
[HANBURY.] Todington. Sixth shield. 2 and 3 quartering^ 

with I and 4, Tracy : " Sa. a. bend engr.. 

vert and or," [Really, as above, with 

escut. of pret., Tracy. Capel H. married Jane, d. of Thomas 
Charles, Viscount T.] 

HANCOCK. Tewkesbury. In a lozenge shield. " Gu. a 

dexter hand couped arg. on a chief of the 
second 3 fighting cocks of the first," 1729. 
[Mrs. Catherine H., daughter of William H. and Anne, his 
wife, aged 67.] Twining. The same as last, only couped "at 

the wrist," , 1676. [William H., of the parish of Bredon^ 

aged 82.] Same as last, without blazon, imp. with [Maxwell, 
1838]. [Fosbrooke's Gloucestershire, ii. 293: Anne, d. of Peter 
H., 1776, married George M.] 

HANGER. Driffield. " (Erm.) a griffin sahent (really, 

and Nayler engraves it, segreant) per fess 
(or and az.)." [George H., Esq., i685, 

aged 74.] The same, 1731, Sir George H., Knt., aged 80. 

[This ought to have had an escut. of pret. of Beale, as he 

married Ann, d. and coh. of Sir John B. See next coat.] 



278 



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Quarterly i and 4. The same, 1773, with 2 and 3, Beale. 
Gabriel H., Lord Coleraine, aged 75. And escut. of pret. 
Quarterly i and 4, Bond, 1780; 2 and 3, Vaughan, and 
motto : " Artes honorabit." Lower Siddington. Impaled 
with Bridges, 1676: "Az. a griffin segreant or." [Rudder, 
660, gives this monument in Upper S., but the ones before 
it in Bigland he gives in Lower S. This is the usual 
Lord Coleraine's coat: but monument says Richard B.'s 
wife, Anne, was the only d. of George H., of Driffield, so it 
should have been as the first. 

? HANKINS. Dymock. " Barr\^, wavy of six, in base, 
a lion pass., in fess, and in chief, three 
roundlets." [Query the punctuation. Dyde, 
p. 71, says " Arg. a lion pass. gu. langued az. on three bars 
wavy az. (really as above) on a chief of the last three 
bezants " ; and in a note, Robert and Thomas, sons of 
Frederic de H., of Mayon Castle, Normandy, came over 
with the Conqueror. The first he knighted and made 
Governor of Carlisle Castle, and granted him these arms. 
The monument is to William H., Esq., of Greenhouse, in 
this parish, 1771, and the one at Tewkesbury to D'Avenant 
H., 1782. Not in Annories.'] 

HARDING. Alderley. Impaled with Hale, 1706 : 

" (Gu.) 3 greyhounds current in pale (or 

collared az.)." [Mary on monument by name, 

but only arms to give surname, elsewhere 1775, aged 75.] 

Coaley, or Cowley. The same as last, only tinctured " Gu. 

and or." [Maurice, ? the Morris H. in Glos. Vis., 1623, 

p. 253, and there is no marriage, whilst this one died in 

1714, and his wife Anne . . . 1704; he 84, and she 66.] 

[? HARDING.] Ahnondshivy. Second quartering of Veele, 

1577 : " A chief erm." [Rudder, 848 : 

Jeffery le V. married Maud, d. and h. of 

Elias H., younger brother of Robert FitzHarding.] 

HARDRES- Misevden. Third quartering of Sandys, 
HULL 

brought in by second Culpeper : " Arg. 
a chev. gu. betw. 10 martlets {Glos. Vis.y 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 279 



1623, p. 143, 4. 2. 1. 2. 1.) sa." [Harl. Sussex Vis., p. 2 : 
John C. married Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Sir John 
H., Knt.] 

HARDWICKE. Sodhuvy Chipping. " Arg. a saltire engr. az. 

on a chief of th^ second, 3 roses of the 
first," 1747, with escut. of pret.. Smith, 
1715. Crest: A stag statant gu. armed (attired) and 
collared or. [Dr. Peter H., of Bristol, married Mary, 
d. and, I suppose, h. of Henry S., of co. Derby.] The 
same, 1770, impaling Elmsted. [George, s. of George 
and Agnes H., married Ann E.] The same, 1761. 
Tithevington. " Arg. a saltire az. in chief az. 3 roses arg.," 
1827. [Evidently "a wrong reading. ? John H.] And the 
same, 1836. 

HARDY. Tortworth. First atchment. Third quartering 

of Moreton, brought in with Ducie, second 
quartering : " Arg. on a bend engr. gu. a 
leopard's face betw. 2 crescents arg., on a chief az. 3 
S. Catherine's wheels of the first." \_Sta-fford Vis., vol. v., 
p. 113, note: Sir Robert was s. of Henry D. by Mary, d. 
and h. of Robert H., of London.] Second, third, and fourth 
atchments, the same. Third quartering of Moreton, 1735, 
the same. 

HAREWELL. Beckfofd. Impaled with Lunne, 1718: "Arg. 

a fess nebule (sa.) charged with 3 hares' 
heads couped (or)," 1733. [Elizabeth H , 
by the arms, married Rev. Lebbens L.] Fvampton-on-Severn. 
Eighth quartering of Bell, 1757. Escut. of pret. on 
WiNCHcoMBE, 1766. The same, tinctured. [Glos. Vis., 
1623, p. 41 : James Clifford, the third quartering, married 
Anne, d. and h. of John H., of Wootton, co. Wore] 
Fretherne. In the lodge window. Third shield, 2 and 3, 
quartering of Clifford ; fifth shield, impaled with Clifford^ 
[Both of these represent the same marriage above.] 
? HARFLEET. Cheltenham. Fourth quartering of Lygon : 
" Arg. fretty gu." [I think this is an error 
for Blanchminster, which Grazebrook says^ 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



although he gives a different coat, was a quartering of 
Lygon. H. is " Az. 3 escallops or," and B. certainly bore 
the coat above.] 

HARMER. Westhuvy-on-Tfim. Fourth atchment. " Arg. 

on a chev. betw. 3 cinquefoils another arg." 

[Rudder, 796, gives it right: "Arg. on a 
chev. betw. 3 annulets gu., another of the field."]" Crest: 
An arm vested az. cuffed arg. holding in the hand ppr. 2 rose 
branches vert one arching to the right and flowering on the 
top with a white rose, the other to the left in the like manner 
with a red rose. Impaling Jefferis, 1765. The same, as 
Rudder. [Ann, d. and h. of William J., married John H., 
of Bristol. Rudder, 804, gives the arms in his index, but 
not in the text, and Jefferis as it is and should be on escut. 
of pret.] 

HARRINGTON. Marshfield. In a lozenge shield, impaled 
with Long : " Sa. a fret, arg.," 1744. 
[Dionysia, widow of Calthrop L. and d. 

of John H., of Kelston, Som.] Impaled with [Gibbes]. The 

same, 1723. [Elizabeth, eldest d. of John H. above and 

widow of Henry G., of Bristol.] 

HARRIS. Churcham. 1 " (Arg.) 3 crescents (sa.)." 

[Ebenezer, senior, 1741.] The same, 1680. 

[John, eldest s. of John H., of London, and 
? Sarah Browne.] The same, impaling a dolphin. Query 
14, 1685. [Sarah, wife of Thomas H., .1673.] 
? HARRIS. Hempsted. Impaled with Lysons, which 

see; really, Deuxwell or Dexwell: "(Arg.) 

a chev. (az.) betw. 3 fleur-de-lis (sa.)." [As 
there is no H. like this, I think it must be the wife of 
Thomas L., whose family is given in Fosbrooke's pedigree 
as Deuxwell. It was Lysons' sister who married a H., of 
Abergavenny.] 

[? HARRIS.] Coleshourn Magna. First of two atchieve- 
ments, escut. of pret. on Higgs : " Gu. a 
dexter arm (embowed) vambraced [i e. ar- 
moured) or." [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 89, says Catherine, d. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



281 



and coh. of Edmund Harris, married Samuel Higgs ; so I 
think this is not the arms but the crest of Harris, of 
Prickley.] 

HARRISON. Ehfington. Impaled with Keyt : " (Or) on 
a fess (sa.) 3 eagles displ. (of the field)," 
1667. [Margaret, d. of William H., of 

Caddicroft, Worcester, married as his second wife John K.] 

[HARVEY.] MicUeton, First quarter of four, impaled 
with Fisher : " (Gu.) on a bend arg. 3 
trefoils ppr. (slipped vert) on a canton or 

a leopard's face gu." [I cannot find marriage.] 

HARVEY. Tethiiry. Quarterly i and 4 : Or a chev. 

engr. betw. 3 leopards' faces gu.," 1791, 
with Clay, and escut. of pret., 1789. 

Cooper. [I cannot find the connection with any of these 

families.] 

HARWARD. Bouvton- 011 -the -Hill. " Chequy or and az. on 
a bend sa. (Rudder, 303, rightly gu.), 3 
eagles displ. or " (Rudder, arg.), 1713, 

with escut, of pret., ? Smith. [Dr. Kempe H. and Altham 

H., I733-] 

[HARWOOD.] Newent. Impaled with Nourse. Rudder, 
565 : " (Az.) a chev. (erm.) betw. 3 martlets 
(arg.)." [I think this is the wife of 

Timothy N., 1699 ; Lucy, d. of Richard H., Prebendary 

of Glos.] 

[HASTINGS.] Rendcomh. Impaled with [? Calthorpe], 
first shield on Jermye monument : (Or) a 
maunch (gu.)." [Calthorpes married both 

Hastings and Jermye.] 

HATCH. Tewkesbury. " Two lions pass, guard." 

[Really, " Gu. 2 demi lions pass, guard. 

or," 1667, Edward H.] 
[HAUTEVILLE.] Meysey Hampton. Fourth quartering of 

HoRTON : " Arg. a lion ramp, sa." [Really, 

" Arg. a lion ramp. betw. 6 crosses croslet 
fitchee sa.," Grazebrook says Horton quarters H., and 



282 



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gives this coat.] Panntley. Second shield in window. As 

last [where it is marshalled with Whittington]. 

HAWES. Winchcomhe. " Az. a fess wavy betw. 3 lions 

pass, or," 1700. 
[HAWEY.] Cirencester. ? Fifth quartering of D'Anvers. 

[Given as Berkeley, with "chev. erm.," but 
not so by Sir J. Maclean in Glos. Trans., 
xvii, 299, where he says how the quartering came in " we 
cannot say." I thir k it is the wrong blazon, and should be 
" Arg. a chev. betw. 10 crosses croslet gu.," the ancestors of 
Stradling, the fourth quartering.] 

? HAWKER. Rodborough. "Sa. a fess or betw. 3 hawks 

close arg.," 1760. [Not in any Armories.'] 
HAWKINS. Chuvchani. Third shield, impaled with 

-Arnold: "Or a chev. betw. 3 cinquefoils 
az. on a chief gu. a griffin pass, erm." 
[Isabel was the d. of WilHam H., Esq., and married 
John Arnold. This generally is " Or on a chev. betw. 3, 5 
foils az. as many escallops gu., a chief per pale of the last 
and sa. charged with a griffin pass, erm."] 
HAWTE. Miserden. Fourth quartering of Sandys, 164O5, 

brought in by Culpeper, 1644: "Or a cross 
engr. gu. in the first quarter a bird (most 
probably a martlet for diffi) sa." [Sussex Vis., p. 3 : Thomas 
C. married Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Sir Wm. Haut.] 
HAYLES. Minchin Hampton. Eleventh quartering of 

Hopton, 1775 : " Arg. 3 broad arrows az." 
[I suppose this to be a late quartering, but 
I cannot find the marriage.] 

HAYNES, Alston and Wick. In a lozenge shield. " (Arg- 

on a fess (gu.) 3 roundles (bezants) betw. as 
many demi hinds (az.)," 1709. Impaling 
obliterated. [Thomas H., of Bristol, seems to have married 
a Mary Lambert, and their g.son Thomas married a Sarah 
. . . The first was lord of the manor, so the obliterated 
impaling is most likely that of L., given by Bigland in Colne 
S. Aldwyn as " (Gu.) a chev. betw. 3 lambs pass, (arg.) a chief 



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Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



283, 



chequy (or and az.)."] Daglingwovth. Impaling Edwards,. 
1751 : "3 crescents counterchanged," 1743. [This is, I 
believe, " Arg. 3 crescents paly of 6 gu. and az.," i.e. the 
crescents are, not the field paly. Giles H. and Sarah E., his 
wife, 1 75 1.] 

[HAYNES.] Siston. Impaled with Trotman : "Arg. on a 

fess sa. betw. 3 demi lions ramp, coupt. (error 
for hinds) 3 bezants." [Really the same as 
the first. Elizabeth, d. of Richard H. and Anne Cole, 
married Thomas T., of Wick.] Wintevhourne. " . . . on a fess- 
. . . betw. 3 demi hares . . . 3 roundlets . . ." 1713. [Really,, 
"Arg. on a fess gu. betw. 3 demi greyhounds courant az. as 
many bezants," Eynes', of Shropshire, otherwise Haynes.] 
HAYWARD. Dursley. No blazon, 1748, impaled with 
Pulley, 1730, also no blazon, Joseph P.. 
and Mary, his wife. Fovthampton. Impaling 
Ward, 1728: "Arg. on a bend sa. 3 fleurs-de-lis or, on a 
chief of the second a lion pass, of the third," 1722. [Hopewell 
H. and Elizabeth (by the arms) W. ; also Maria, 1746, d. of 
William Surman, and wife of Hopewell H., I suppose son.] 
Quedgley. Impaled with Winstone. The same as last. 
[Burkes Land. Gent., 1853, p. 556 : Albinia, d. of William H. 
and Margaret Selwyn, married Thomas W.] The same, with 
crest : Demi lion ramp, couped sa. holding a fleur-de-lis or.. 
The same, 1781, with escut. of pret.. Parsons, 1777. [Thomas, 
s. of William H. and Margaret Selwyn, married Mercy, d. 
and ? h. of Charles P., of Bredon.] The same, with crest as 
before, 1696, and motto: " Virtute non sanguine," impaling 
Rogers, 1684. [Wflliam, s. of Thomas H., and Susan 
Shoyle, married Eleanor, d. of Richard R., of Dowdeswell.] 
The same, i6g6. 

[HEYWARD OR He^npsted. Third quartering of Porter i 
HAYWARD.] , , 

"Arg. 3 bars sa. over all as many ropes 

coiled or," [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 126, 

gives as second quartering of P. : " Barry of 6 arg. and sa. 3 

cotton hanks or," which is the correct blazon, and on p. 127 

Thomas P. married Catharine, d. and h. of John H.] Newent. 



-284 



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2 and 3, quartering of Porter, 1523 : " 3 cotton hanks." But 
it is named Albany, the third quartering of Porter ; so if the 
charge was really cotton hanks, not esquire's helmets, it is 
H.] Tewkesbury. " On a bend 3 fleurs-de-lis in chief a lion 
pass.," 1768, impaling " 3 bars," Query, 64. Crest : Issuant 
out of a mural crown (or) a demi lion ramp, (sa.) holding in 
dex. paw a fleur-de-lis (of the first), 1768. [This is evidently 
the same coat as the Forthampton one, though not correctly 
blazoned, and the crest is out of a mural coronet, &c. I can 
find no death 1768 to prove the 3 bars.] Withington, Here 
it is tinctured as the Forthampton one, but the fleurs are 
blazoned cinquefoils, and the crest out of a ducal coronet ; 
but it impaled [Southby] , which proves it to be H.'s coat, 
as the Rev. John, s. of William H. and Margaret Selwyn, 
married Bridget, eldest d. of Richard S., of Carswell, Berks., 
and he was rector of this parish.] 

HAZLEWOOD. Tewkesbury. Impaled with Webb Arg. on 
a cbev. gu. betw. 3 owls sa. 3 lozenges erm. 
on a chief az. three hazel trees (may be 
branches) or," 1735. [Mrs. Mary W., widow of the Rev. 
John W., Rector of Bredon, and d. of Sir Thomas H.] 
HEAD. Berkeley. Impaled with Jenner, 1754: " (Sa.) 

a chev. (erm.) betw. 3 unicorns' heads couped 
arg." [Sarah H., 175^1, married Rev. Stephen 
J.] The same, 1728, Rev. Henry H., father of the last, 
vicar of the parish, and Prebendaiy of Bristol. Bibury. 
Impaled with Coxwell, 1701-2 : "Chev. betw. 3 unicorns 
couped {sic) ; most probably " Sa. a chev. betw. 3 unicorns' 
heads erased arg." \Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 52 : Charles C. 
married Eleanor, d. of Lawrence H., 1699-1700.] 
HEART. Stroud. " Gu. on a chief arg. 3 human 

hearts of the first," 1763, impaling ? [Hub- 
berdI. The same, impaled with Colborne, 
1792. [The first is John H. and Betty, his wife.] 
HENLEY. Westbury -on-Trim. Impaling Fane: " Az. a 

lion ramp. arg. ducally crowned or within a 
bord. of the second charged with torteauxes," 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



285 



1703. [Rudder, 804: John H., of the Red Lodge, Bristol, 
married Mar}?, eldest d. of Henry, s. of Sir Francis F.] 

HENLINTON or Eastiiif^ton. Note : " Ar^. a file of 5 lambeaux 

HENLINGTON. „ re. . ^ u -ii- ^ a - 

az. [Stated oy Guillim, 1679, p. 22, and in 

1660, p. 33, to be in'- the window of the 

church.] 

HENRY VII. Bishop's Cleeve and Soiitham. Windows. 

Eighth shield remains from Hayles Abbey. 

France and England, with rose of Lan- 
caster and portcullis. The other in Southam House. The 
same. 

HENRY VIII. Hayles. Stained glass removed to Todding- 
ton. Fourth shield. Quarterly France 
and England, ensigned with crown and 

surrounded by motto, " Honi soit," &c. Stideley. First 

shield on tomb in the centre ; and fourth shield, Royal Arms 

impaling Parr and Rous, quarterly. 

HERBERT. Oddington. Impaled with Sir . . . Read, 

Bart. : " Per pale az, and gu. 3 lions ramp, 
arg." [It is on an hatchment, and so bears 

no date ; but I cannot find any Herbert marriage.] 

LADY Stanway. First of four atchments with no 

HEREFORD. j u r 

blazon. [inis was the d. and coh. of 

Anthony Keck (formerly Tracy), styled the 

Hon. Henrietta Charlotte Tracy, who married Edward 

Devereux, twelfth Viscount H. (G. E. C , iv. 218).] 

HERON. Bishop's Cleeve. Portraits in Southam. 

Second quartering of Palmer: "Arg. 3 

herons sa." [I think this is an error for 

" Arg. 3 martlets sa." Warwickshire Vis., p. 220, Good- 

weston ; but it is there stated that Richard P. married 

Ursula, d. of John Heron, whose arms are given there as 

" Az. 3 herons seme of croslets or." If she was an heiress 

this may be right, and the " sa." is probably darkened " az."] 

HEVYN. Campden Chipping. Second of two banners 

in the chapel. Third quartering of Noel, 

brought in by Hopton, the second quartering : 



286 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



" Az. 3 boars' heads couped or betw. 9 crosses croslet fitchy 
arg.," and the same with Hickes. [Shropshire Vis., 256: 
Wilham Hopton married Margaret, d. and h. of John H.], 
Minchin Hampton. Fourth quartering of Hopton, impaled 
with Dallaway, 1776 : " Az. crusily or 3 boars' heads couped 
of the last." [The same marriage.] 

HEWISHE. Cirencester . Nineteenth quartering of 

D'Anvers, brought in by Coleshull, the 
seventeenth: "Gu. fretty arg. a canton of 
the second." [Sir J. Maclean, Trigg Minor, i. 394, ped. : 
Emeline, d. and h. of Sir Richard de Hiwis and Alice 
Bianchmister, married secondly John Colshull, Sheriff of 
Cornwall, 21 Ric. II.] 

DE Down Anipney, Second quartering of 

HEYTESBURY. ' xt ki 

HuNGERFORD : No biazou. -Ihe arms 

would be as in the windows of the house, 
where they are 2 and 3 quarterings of Hungerford: "Per 
pale indented vert and gu. a chev. or." Dyrham. Seven- 
teenth shield in John Smyth's, of Nibley, M.S. The same,, 
quartered with Hungereokd. 

[HIBBERT.] Fairford. Escut. of pret. on Barker, first 
atchievement, N. aisle: " Erm. on a bend 
sa. 3 crescents arg.," [Burke's Land. 

Gent., 1853, p. 54: Samuel B. married the d., not stated ta 

be h., of Mr. Hubbard.] 

[? HICCOCKS.] Thornhury. "Vert a garb or," in base 

initials D. H., impaling : "A fawn 

ramp. (?) run through the neck with a dart," 

and in base initials E. W. [These look more like two 

crests, but " Vert a garb or " is H.] 

HiCKES. Berkeley. " Gu. a fess wavy betw. 3 fleur-de- 

lis or." Crest : A buck's head couped or 
(gorged with a wreath of laurel ppr.), 1766, 
Thomas H., of Pedington. Campden. In the chapel, first 
banner, i and 4 quartering with 2 and 3 [Arthur] : " Ruby 
(gu.) a fess wavy betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis topaz (or)." [This 
would be the coat of Sir Baptist H., as his father Robert 



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Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



287 



married Juliana, d. and h. of William A.] The same as last, 
with crest and supporters : " Two bulls arg. armed or," and 
motto, " Nondum metam." The same, 1629, impahng May. 
[Baptist H., Viscount Campden, married Elizabeth, d. of 
Richard M., of London.] Impaled with Noel ; on one side 
the banner above, and on the other the banner of N. 
[Edward Lord Noel, 1642, married JuHana, 1680 (Elizabeth 
Glos. Vis,, 1623, p. 80, in error), eldest d. and coh. of Sir 
Baptist H. and Elizabeth May.] Char field. The same as 
first, with crest, and the head gorged with chaplet, 1713. 
Daniel H., of Wotton. Cromhall. The same as first, 1710, 
Rev. Nicholas H., Rector of Charfield. The same, 1726, 
impaling Webb, 1749, Thomas H., of the Court House in 
this parish, and Mary, his wife, d. of Thomas W. and query 
H. as before, impaling [Elliott, 1726] , error for (Andrews), 
[as it was a John A. who married Elizabeth, d. of William 
E., of Bristol.] Henhuvy. 2 and 3, quartering, of Sampson, 
1753. The same untinctured. John, s. of Edward S., 
married Mary, d. and coh. of Nicholas H., of Bristol. 
Wickwav. The same, 1639. [Query John H., of this parish ; 
also monuments to William, eldest s. of the last, 1674 » 
and another John, whose wife was Elizabeth, 1727, d. of 
William Oldisworth.] The same, 1754, impaled with Stokes. 
[Eleanor, wife of Thomas S., of this parish, and second d. of 
John H. and Elizabeth Oldisworth.] Two of the same, 
impaled with Purnell, 1726. [Jane, 1743, youngest d. of 
John H. and Elizabeth Oldisworth, wife of John P.] The 
same, 1721, impaled with Yate. [Elizabeth, wife of Edward 
Y., of Malmesbury, and d. of John H. and his wife Sylvester.] 
Witcomhe. Two atchments. First : " Gu. a fess wavy betw. 
3 fleurs-de-lis or, on the fess a crescent, gu. (for diff.)." Crest : 
With head gorged with chaplet of roes gu. impaling Howe. 
[Sir Michael, knighted in infancy by Charles H., second s. of 
Sir William H. and Margaret, d. of William Lord Paget, 
married Susanna, d. of Sir Richard Howe.] Second : The 
same, with same crest, impaling Watts. [Howe H., Esq., 
only s. of the last married Mary, d. of JefFry W.] The same, 



288 



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with crest, 1710, impaling Howe, 1724. The same, 1726^ 
impahng Watts, [728. The same, 1801, impahng Browne, 
1802. [Howe H., Esq., s. of Howe H. and Mary Watts, 
married Martha, d. of Rev. . . . Browne.] 
HICKES. Arliugkam. Impaled with Charles Yate, 

1738: " (Gu.) 3 lions' heads erased in chief 
and a cinquefoil in base (or)." Charles Y. 
married Mary, d. and coh. of Robert H. by Elizabeth, his 
wife, d. and h. of John Vannam, D.D.] Wotton Underedge. 
The - same, only with the tinctures. [Monument says H., 
1743, but it is not in Avmones.~\ Query, Ashchurch. " (Gu.) a 
fess betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis (or)," impaled with Bannister, 1734, 
Sarah, 1729. [But I cannot find marriage.] 
HIDE. Condicote. " Gu. 2 chevs. arg." Crest: 

Leopard's head erased (lion's head erased 
sa. bezanty). Hercules H., 1719. 
[HIDON.] Siston. Impaled with [Ivyleafe], 1814 r 

•' Gu. 2 bezants," 1819, Sarah. [I read this 
in 1900 as "Gu. a label betw. 3 ? bezants," 
which would be H., but I cannot find marriage.] 
HIGFORDE. Alvington. " (Vert) on a chev. betw. 3 
bucks' heads cabossed (or) as many muHets 
(gu.)," Thomas H., 1651, of the family of 
H., of Dixton, Glos. 
HIGGS. Coleshoiifu Magna. First of two atchievements, 

with escut. of pret. ? [Harris] : " Arg. a 
chev. betw. 3 bucks couchant gu." [Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 89: Samuel H. married Catharine, d. and coh. 
of Edmund Harris, of Gloucester; he was living 1755.] 
HILL. Cam. 2 and 3, quartering of Hoskins, 1760- 

1773: " (Az.) on a chev. betw. 3 owls (or) 
as many mullets (sa.) " (generally " within 
bord. erm."). [I cannot find this h. marriage.] Dymock. 
" (Gu.) 2 bars (erm.) in chief a lion pass, (or)." [Richard 
H., of Edulus Place, 1772, and Mary, his relict, 1776.] 
Painswick. "... a saltire betw. . . ." (? " Gu. a saltire 
vair betw. 4 mullets arg."), 1731. [Not mentioned in Glos. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



289 



N. and Q., vol. i. Rudder says Robert H. and his wife 
levied a fine in Hen. VH.] Upper Slaughter. Twice 2 and 3 
quarterings of Slaughter: " Erm. on a fess sa. a castle 
triple-towered arg. colours flying ppr." [Rudder, 666 : 
Chambers S. married Susanna, d., and I suppose h., of 
Richard H., of Bachcom.be, co. Hereford.] Stinchcombe. . 
Impaled with Pinfold, 1705. The same as the Cam coat ; but 
Rudder, 697, gives the " bord. engr. erm." [There are so 
many marriages on this monument, only the maiden name 
of one being given, ranging from 1701-56.] Stroud. Impaled 
with Field, 1693. Here the bord. is "engr. or." [In Glos. Vis.,. 
1682, p. 94, where Elizabeth, 1715, d. of Edward H. and 
Elizabeth Smith, of Nibley, marries Richard F., of Pakenham, 
CO. Glouc, the arms are given as " Az. on a chev. betw. 
3 owls arg. as many mullets sa., all within a bord. engr. erm." 
Rudder, 715, blazons the "chev. or" and the rest " sa."] 
Tainton. Twice impaled with Holder, the first 1734 and 
the second 1769: "Vert on a chev. betw. 3 owls arg. 3 
mullets sa." [I can find no Holder ped., and the Hill does 
not give it. 1682 Vis., p. 147, says Elizabeth Rogers 
married first Robert Holder, of Taynton, but this does not 
help the above.] Westbury -on-Trim. Quarterly i and 4, 
1627: " Gu. a saltire vair betw. 4 mullets arg. [Rudder, 
823: Sir Richard H., Knt.] Crest: Demi leopard guard, 
arg. spotted gu. collared or (now it is a demi talbot ? salient 
ducally gorged). [Sir Richard was of the Spaxton, co.. 
Somerset, family.] 

[? HILL.] Condicote. Impaling [Whetham] , 1690: 

" . . . saltire betw. semee of crosses 
croslet fitcliy. . . ." [Monument says 

Robert H., a.m., Rector of this parish and Vicar of 

Loughborough, 1720. Query, a variation or wrong blazon 

for last.] 

HILLIER. Hovsley. " 3 fleurs-de-lis in chief a cross 

croslet." [? " Arg. a cross croslet fitchee 
sa. betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis gu.," John H., of 

this parish, 1743, aged 90.] 



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i[?HINSON.] Ampney Cmcis Impaled with [Freeman]: 

" (Az.) a chev. betw. 3 suns (or)," 

[Anne, 1763, wife of Robert Berkeley 

Freeman. I cannot find last in F. peds.] 

nmso^, WheatenhiLvst. Impaled with Lloyd, as the 

HYNSON 

last. [But Rudder, 815, says the "chev." is 
charged with " a crescent gu. for diff." 
Rebecca, 1625, d. of Thomas H., Esq., and Ann, d. of the 
Lady Springe, married Thomas Lloyde, Esq.] Also on 
another shield, H. as the last. 

HOARE. Ffami)ton-upon- Severn. In E. window, third 

quartering of Clifford: ''Gu. on a bend 
arg. a martlet sa." Bigland says Hoare 
.ancient. [But I think it is an error for ? [Folliot] , as the 
second quartering in the Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 40, is " Gu. on a 
bend arg. 3 martlets sa."] The fourth quartering of 
Clifford : " Sa. an eagle with two heads displ. arg. within 
bord. engr. of the second," H., modern. [Henry C, s. of 
James C. and Margaret Hedley, married . . . d. and h. of 
. . . Hoore, and Henry and . . . H.'s s. James married . . . 
-d. and h. to . . Folliott.] Fourth quartering of Bell, 
1757, on escut. of pret. on Winchcombe, 1766; the ancient 
H above, error for [Folliott]. Fretherne. Lodge window. 
Fourth quartering of Clifford. The same as the modern H. 
in Frampton, only the eagle has not two heads. Also fourth 
shield in window, 3 and 4 quarterings of Clifford. H. 
ancient and modern, as in Frampton. 

HOBBEY. Hayles. On chimney-piece, i and 4 quarter- 

ings with 2 and 3, Queries, 31, and impaling 
Queries, 31: "(Arg.) a fess (sa.) betw. 3 

hawks (ppr. belled and jessed or)." 

HOBBS. Tithevington. Impaled with Davies, 1769: 

" Arg. a bend wavy az. (betw.) 2 hawks close 
ppr. (beaked, legged and belled or)," 1766. 
[Rudder, 768, gives a monument to two daus. of Edward and 
Sarah H., 1750 and 1765, so I expect there was another who 
married D.] Also the same, 1750 [which would be Alice, 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



291 



the first of the last] . Wickwar. The same, impaling 
[Flower], 1754. [William H., 1747-8, and Sarah, his wife, 
1 754-] 

HODGES. Arlinghain. Impaling Davies : " 2 flaunches 

on a fess 3 crescents';" [A variation not in 
Armories. ? "Az. on a fess betw. 2 flaunches 
arg. 3 crescents sa." Rev. Thomas H., last of the male line, and 
of Slowwe, of this place, ob. 1784, aged 29.] Broadwell. "Or 
3 crescents sa. on a canton gu. (generally sa.) a ducal coronet 
of the field," 1721 or 1777. [Either Danvers H. or Henry 
Danvers Doughty H.] Atchievement against S. wall, with 
no inscription. Quarterly i and 4 as last, with 2 and 3 
(?) Martyn, error for- Doughty. Skipton Moyne. The same 
as Broadwell, impaled with Nowell. [Elizabeth, 1788, d. 
and coh. of the Rev. Walter H., D.D., and Elizabeth RatclifF, 
married the Rev. W. Nowell, who Rudder, 653, says was lord 
of the manor in 1779.] " " Az. a fess betw. 3 crescents arg.," 
1696. [Rudder, 654, gives the same coat, and impaling 
EsTCOURT quarterly. This was Thomas H. and his wife 
Edith, 1716-17, youngest d. of Thomas E.] As last, 1757, 
impaling Ratcliff, 1754. Crest : A crescent betw. the points 
an estoile. [Really, Out of clouds az. a crescent arg. and 
betw. the horns an estoile or. This is the marriage above. 
Why the coat was changed in this case does not seem clear, 
but it is so given untinctured in the Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 91.] 
Stow. 2 and 3 quarterings, with i and 4. (?) Martin, 
error for Doughty, on escut. of pret. on Chamberlayne : 
" Sa. 3 crescents and on a canton or a ducal crown gu." 
[This is another variation, but I cannot find the here 
Martin- Hodges, or as at Broadwell the Hodges- Martyn 
marriages, because on reference to (?) Martin of Stow, 
you will see that the Martin in each case is an error 
for Doughty.] Twining. Impaled with Turberville, 1662 : 
" Or 3 crescents sa. on a canton of the second a ducal 
coronet or," 1711. \_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 190: William T., 
of Twining, married Sarah, d. of Dr. William H., Arch- 
deacon of Worcester.] 

21 

Vol. XXVIII. 



292 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



[HODGES.] StonehotLse. Impaled with Ratcliff, 1707: 

"... a fess . . . betw. 3 crescents ..." 

[Rudder, 703, says "supposed for H.," if so,, 
it will be the same as at Shipton Moyne, where the H.- 
Ratcliff marriage is shown, but this is Ratcliff-H., and the 
monument says Mar}^ wife of Robert R.] 
HODYE. Dean Michel. Second of three shields 

marshalled with Baynham : "A fess sur- 
mounted with another indented." [Really,, 
" Arg. a fess indented point in point vert, and sa. betw. 2 
cotises counterchanged." Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 14 : Thomas- 
B. married first Margarett, d. of Richard Huddy, Justice.] 
HOGELINTON. Frampton - on - Severn. No blazon. Fifth 
quartering of Bell on escut. of pret. on 
WiNCHCOMBE, 1766. Frethevne. Second 
quartering of Clifford : " Arg. 3 crescents sa." [It seems to 
come in with C.,but it does not occur in the C. quarterings in the 
Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 40 ; neither can I find it in reference books.] 
[HOLBROW.] Minchin Hampton. " A bend betw. 6 mullets," 
1727-56. [Monument says Daniel H. The 
only arms I can find are " Arg. a chev. betw^ 
ten crosses croslet, six in chief and four in base gu."] 
HOLDER. Cam. Two shields impaled with Morse,. 

1770 : " (Sa.) a chev. betw. 3 anchors 
(arg.)," 1784 is the first, and is over monu- 
ment to Nicholas and Ann M. ; the second is over monument 
to Thomas, 1781, and Mary, 1764. [I cannot find either of 
these marriages so as to say which is which.] Rndfovd. The 
same, only the anchors are erect, 1782. [Most probably 
Edward H., who Rudder, 634, says is present lessee under 
the Dean and Chapter of the manor.] Tainton. The same 
twice, 1734 and 1769, impahng Hill, and the last 1793. Also 
the same, 1684. [Rudder, 726, says Mr. William H. has a 
good estate in this parish.] 

HOLLAND. Cirencester. " Quarterly France and Eng- 

land, over all on a file of 3 labels 9 
bezants," Thomas H., Duke of Surrey. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



293 



[The roundles being bezants points to the file being tinctured, 

? az. ; it is more hkely arg. and 9 torteaux.] 

HOLMES. Dean Michel. " Gu. a cross arg. betvv. 4 

swords erect of the second, hilted or," 1758. 

[Elizabeth, d. of T,homas and Mary H., 
1765. I cannot find such a coat for H., but Bigland gives 
it in his plate ; Papworth says Philpott, so I should think it 
is the wife Mary's coat.] 

HONYWOOD. Bromeshervow. Impaled quarterly with Yate 
quarterly. First quartering : " Arg. a chev. 
betw. 3 hawks' heads erased az." \Glos. Vis.y 

1682, p. 211 : Robert Gorges Dobyns Yate, 1785, married 

Annabella Christiana,, sister of Sir John H., Bart.] Also the 

same, 1785. 

HOOKE. Newent. Impaled with Rogers, 1690 : " . . ► 

a fess betw. six fleurs-de-lis . . ." [Glos.Vis., 
1682, p. 91 : " Gu. a fess betw. 6 fleurs-de- 
lis arg." ; p. 92, Anne H., 1728, married William R., of 
Newent. Rudder, 565, gives the field " sa.''] The same, 
1728. Anne, as the last. The same, 1671, impaling Query, 
42, perhaps Head. [Thomas H. and Elinour, 1674, wife ; 
most probably the Thomas entered on p. 92 as " ob. coel."] 
The same, ? 1705, impaling ? [Walwyn] . Monument has 
several of the H. family, query John and Ann his wife, 1722. 
[If so, most probably the John H., of London, given on p. 92, 
but no marriage stated.] 

HOPKINS. Newland. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3, 

? Probyn variation : " Sa. on a chev. betw. 

3 pistols or three rose blossoms gu.," , 

1763. [Rudder, 570: "As many roses gu." William H., of 
London, and Sarah, 1749, his wife, d. of Walter Williams.] 
Turley and Haw. " Sa. on a chev. or (? arg.) 3 mullets gu. 
(really roses gu. barbed vert seeded or) betw. 3 guns (pistols) 
or," 1789. Crest : A castle in flames (a castle arg. fired ppr.) 
HOPTON. Berkeley. "Gu. semee of crosses croslet 

fitche a lion ramp, or charged with a 
crescent sa. for diff." [William H., 1659, 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



married Elizabeth, d. of Thomas Cam, of Newport.] The 
same, [WilHam H., 1671, and his wife Ehzabeth, 1714.] 
The same, 1681. [John H. and his wife Ann, 1713] . The 
same. [William H., 1715.] The same. [Thomas H., of 
Bristol, 1718, and his wife EHzabeth, 1732.] "... two 
bars . . . each charged with 3 mullets." [There are many- 
variations in this coat, so it is not possible to decide the 
right one here, as Bigland in his plate only gives the former 
ones. Generally the field is " arg.," may be " erm.," the 
bars" sa.," and the mullets metal. The family lived in the 
north. Jeremias H. (only day, not year, given) and Maria, 
1714, d. of John Houston. She remarried Walter Lloyd.] 
Campden. Second quartering of Noel on banner, the same 
as the first. [Elizabeth, d. and h. of John H., married first 
Sir John Perient, Knt., and secondly Andrew N., of co. 
Leic. Shropshire Vis., 257.] The same as third quartering, 
with HicKES. On lozenge shield, second quartering of Noel. 
Minchin Hampton. Impaled with Dallaway, 1776. First 
and second quarterings. i: "Gu. a lion ramp. betw. 8 crosses 
croslet fitchee or," 1775. 2 : " Az. a bend arg. cotised or 
betw. 6 crosses croslet of the last within a bordure gu. 
bezantee," ancient H. [Shropshire Vis., p. 256, instead of 
" bezantee," ten plates. Dallaway ped. says of the first, 
" inter 12 crosses croslet, not fitchee." William D., of 
Bigge's Place, married Elizabeth, d. of Richard H., of 
Worcester.] 

HORDE. Coherley. Impaling Barford : *' Arg. on a 

chief or a Cornish cough (sic) ppr." [Mary, 
1717, d. of Jonathan B., married secondly 
Thomas H., of Coat, c. Oxford.] Swell, Lower. Atchment. 
Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3, Perrell, and escut. of 
pret., Atkyns: "Arg. on a chief sa. a bird {Armories, raven) 
or." [Rudder, 722: The younger d. and coh. of Robert 
A., of Swell, married Thomas Hoard.] 

HORLER. Dodington. Impahng Codrington, 1721 : 

" Per fess (no tinctures) 3 squirrels counter- 
changed." [This coat is not in reference 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



295 



books, and Dr. Codrington does not mention this marriage 
in his ped. Rev. Jeremiah H., 1723-4, married Joanna, 1721^ 
d. of Richard C, possibly error for SamwelL] 
HORNE. Havdwicke. Impaled with Trye, 1717 : 

Az. a chev. betw'. 3 bugle horns or." 

[Not in Armories ; possibly the chev." 
was charged. William T. married Mary, 1724.] 
HORNER. Frampton Cotterel. Impaled with Symes,. 

1661 : " Sa. 2 (? 3) hounds pass, arg." 

[Rudder, 455 : " Sa. three talbots arg." 
John S., of Poundisford, in the parish of Pitminster,. 
Somerset, married Amy, d. of Thomas H., of Cloved, 
Somerset.] 

[? HORT.] Little Dean. Impaled with Pyrke, 1702 ; 

" (Az.) a cross (or) in the dex. chief 
point a rose (arg.)." Thomas P. married 
Deborah . . . 

HORTON. Elkestone. " Sa. a buck's head cabossed 

arg. attired or in chief a crescent of the 
second (for diff.)." [Thomas, s. of Thomas 
H., 1687. Quite a different coat is given in the Glos. Vis.^ 
1682, p. 93, for H. of Elkestone; the Derby family of H. 
bore this one.] Meysey Hampton. First quartering of second 
shield : " Sa. 3 bendlets engr. arg. a canton or." Also 
fifth shield impaled with Vaulx, 1626. The same [Philipe, 
d. of William H., married as his second wife James V. These 
are the arms of H., of Wales.] 

HOSKINS. Cam. i and 4 quarterings with 2 and 3, 

Hill, and escut. of pret., Machen : " Per 
pale (gu. and az.) a chev. engr. (or) betw, 3 
lions ramp, (arg.)." [Children and sister of Lewis H., of 
Pantee, co. Monmouth, and Elizabeth, his wife, 1760-72.] 
Hempsted. "Per pale 3 lioncels ramp, arg.," 1717. This is 
only part of the coat ; as this would be Herbert, it should be 
as above, perhaps the chev. not engr. Holman H. and his 
wife Elizabeth.] 



296 



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HOWARD. Preface. First quartering of Charles, Duke 

of Norfolk, Earl Marshal. Achievement with 
crest, supporters, and motto : *^ Gu. on a 
bend betw. 6 crosses croslet fitchy arg. an escutcheon or 
charged with a demi lion ramp, pierced through the mouth 
with an arrow within a tressure flory counterflory of the 
field." Thomhivy. Two out of three atchments. Quarterly 
of four, and impaling Blount quarterly. The same, and the 
crest, supporters, and motto are given : Upon a chapeau 
gu. turned up erm. a lion of England gorged with a ducal 
coronet arg. The dexter a lion, the sinister a horse both 
arg., and the latter holding an oaken slip fructed ppr. ' Sola 
virtus invicta.' " Edward, Duke of Norfolk, 1777. '^^e same 
for his lady, 1773. 

HOWE. Cirencester. Eleventh shield in Jesus Chapel. 

" Or a fess betw. 3 wolves' heads couped sa." 

[Glos. Trans., xvii. 291 : Sir J. Maclean says 
tenth shield the same, only adds " langued gu. and with 
Ulster badge," p. 290, Sir Richard H., Bart.] Stozfel in 
Hampnett. In chapel. On lozenge shield. The same as 
first, impaling Scrope. [John Grubham H. married Lady 
Annabella, d. of Emanuel S., Earl of Sunderland.] Hawling. 
The same as the second, with both escut. of pret. and impal- 
ing Stratford, 1700. [Sir James H., Bart., of Berwick 
S. Leonard's, co.. Wilts, married Elizabeth, d. and coh. of 
Henry S., of Hawling, and Elizabeth Bannaster.] Upper 
Slaughter. Hatchment. 2 and 3 quartering of i and 4, 
Dolphin. The same as first, only the field is arg. [John D., 

circa George L, married Helen, d. of Howe, so I suppose 

she was an h.] The same as the first, the field being or, and 
quartered with Dolphin as the last ; neither of these are 
named. Stozvell. This is the same as the Stowel in Hamp- 
nett, as it is the lozenge shield with H., impaling Scrope 
[but it is stated to be gone] . W esthnry -on-Trim. The same 
as first, 1764, impaled with Phelps, 1763. [Rudder, 804, 
says Mary, the wife of William P., but gives the arms as 
griffins' heads, not wolves, which would be the coat of Halsey. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



297 



I can find no reference to prove which is the correct blazon.] 
The same, impaled with Saunders, 1739. Witcombe. First 
atchment. Impaled with Hickes : " Arg, a fess engr. sa. 
guttee or betw. 3 wolves' heads erased of the second collared 
of the third." [Rudder, 837-8 : Sir l&ichaei Hickes, Knt., 
married Susanna, d. of Sir Richard H., Knt., of the co. 
Surrey.] The same, giving the dates Hickes, 171 o, and H., 
1724. Withington. First and second of four atchments. The 
same as first, only with a crescent for diff. The second has 
the crest : On a wreath a dex. arm in armour, erased below 
the elbow, lying fessways, holding in the hand a scymeter 
erect ppr. hilted and pomelled or pierced through a boar's 
head coupt. sa. Supporters : dexter, a lion arg. pelleted 
armed and langued gu. ; sinister, an angel ppr. the face in 
profile, with brown hair, habited crimson, the under-garment 
az., wings arg. Motto: " Justus et propositi tenax." Also 
the same as first, impaling Rich, 1642. \_Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 143 : Bridget, d. of Thomas R. and Anne, d. and 
•coh. of Thomas Bourchier, married Sir John H., of Casey 
Compton, Bart., so the Rich here ought to be a quartered 
•coat.] 

I? HOWELL.] Newland. " Sa. a lion ramp, regard, arg.," 

[Monument says H., 1778. This i^s 

Morgan ; and Rudder gives on p. 569 one 
to George M., of Court Bleathing, co. Monmouth, but no 
arms, so it looks as if the shield had been misplaced.] 
;[? HUBBERD.] Stroud. Impaled with Heart, 1763 : Quar- 
\ terly.arg. and sa. on a bend or 3 lions pass. 

gu.," [? Bend gu. and lions or," 

Betty, wife of John H. Rudder, 715.] 

HUDDLESTONE.^^^Ao/'s Cleeve. Tenth shield, remains from 
Hayles Abbey. 2 and 3 quartering of 
De la Bere : Gu. a fret arg." [Rudder, 
370, gives the coat, but not the marriage in his ped. Glos. 
Vis., 1623, p. 49: Kennard, second s. of George De la Bere, 
married Elizabeth, d. (but not h.) of Sir John H., Knt.] 
Second of small shields, impaled with Delabere. The same, 



298 



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also in apartments in Southam. [These now read more 
properly, " Gu. fretty arg."] Also the same on the monument 
in the church, where it is impaled. Hayles. Third shield in 
glass removed to Toddington, impaling ? [Stapleton] : Gu. 
fretty arg." [Sir John H., Knt., circa Henry VI., married 
Joan, eldest d. and coh. of Sir Miles S., of Ingham.] 
HUDSON. Stanway. Third atchment. Impaled with 

Tracy: ''Per chev. embat. or and az. 3 
martlets counterchanged." [Robert T., the 
eldest of twins, s. of John T. and Anne Atkyns, married 
Anna Maria, d. of Sir Roger H., Knt. Rudder, 691.] 
HUGHES. Cheltenham. With escut. of pret., Bridges, 

1786: " (Sa.) a chev. betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis 
(arg.)." [Thomas H., of this town, married 
Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Harry B., of Keynsham Abbey.] 
HULBERT. Bavnsley. Impaled with Bourchier : " (Sa.) 

a cross betw. 4 leopards' heads jessant 
(de lis or)," 1762. [Brereton B. married 
Elizabeth, d. of Thomas H., of Corsham, Wilts.] 
HUNGERFORD. Down Ampney. Manor house on chimney. 

" Sa. 2 bars arg. and in chief 3 plates." 
Crest : Garb betw. 2 sickles. Also the 
same, impaling Danvers quarterly. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 88 : 
Sir Anthony H. married secondly Dorathey, d. of Sir John 
D.] Windows in house. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3, 
Heytesbury, and impaling Moleyns. [G/os. Vis., 1623, p. 89 : 
Robert, Lord H., married Ellinor, d. and coh. (h.) of William, 
Lord Mollyns.] In the centre, H. quartering i and 16 H., 
with No. 7 left out. Sir John H., 1634, niarried first Mary, 
d. of Sir Richard Barkley, and secondly Anne, d. of Edward 
Goddard. Dyrham. Seventeenth shield of John Smyth's, of 
Nibley, M.S., Heytesbury quartering H., the same as at 
Down Ampney. No blazon. Westhufy-on-Trim. The same, 
? impaling Jacob, 1717, with date, 1668. [Rudder, 803, 1689: 
Giles, s. of Giles H., married Martha J.] 

[HUNGERFORD.] C/i//^^^^^, Bristol. On tower, first of two 
shields. "2 bars and in chief 3 roundlets." 



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Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



299' 



HUNKS. Bvoadwell. In dormitory. Quarterly i and 4: 

" Gu. {Wove. Vis., Sa. ) on inescutcheon 
arg. 3 mullets sa. {Wore. Vis., gu.) within 
an orle of bezants," Robert H., Esq., 1588, with 2 and 3 
[Gatway] . [Wore. Vis., 1569, p. 81 : Robert H., of Radbrooke, 
in Glouc, married Elizabeth, d. and coh. of William' 
Gaytway.] 

HUNT. Charlton Kings or Ashley. Shield on plate, 

with escut. of pret., [Prinn] : "Arg. 2 chevs.. 
az. betw. 3 martlets sa." (? " Az. 2 chevs. 

betw. 3 martlets arg.") [Rudder, 331 : Elizabeth, 1772^ 

d. of William P. and Elizabeth Ridler, married Dodington 

H., so she was an h.]' 

HUNTINGTON. Bagendon. (Arg.) fretty sa. on a chief (of 
the second) 3 mullets (or)." Rev. Wiiliarr^ 
H., rector, 1737. Fair ford. " Arg. fretty sa.- 

on a chief gu. 3 mullets or," Frampton H., vicar, 1738. 

HUNTLEY, Woodehester. Quarterly i, with three Queries, 

78, and impaling Walshe quarterly : " Arg. . 
on a chev. betw. 3 stags' heads couped 

(erased in Glos. Vis.) sa. as many bugle horns stringed of the 

field." [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 93: George H., of Frowster, co.. 

Glos., married Catherin, d. to John W., of Sodbury, co. 

Glos.] 

[HUNTLEY.] Hareseomhe. "Three bugle horns." In the 
churchyard, to Miles H., 1765, and Abigail, 
his wife, 1743. The same, Miles H., 1790,. 
and Martha his wife, 1789. [_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 95, gives a 
meagre ped. of Miles H., of Harescomb, beginning with a 
Miles 1662, and gives three in succession, so these are the- 
two last. Of course this can be only part of the coat, as the 
arms were practically identical with the Woodehester ones.], 
Wotton Underedge. " On a bend 3 calves pass, or, a chev. 
betw. 3 ... 3 crosses croslet fitchee." [? the blazon 
monument says William Veel, 1820, married Sarah H., so 
perhaps intended for V. impaling H. Had it been "on. 
a chev." it would be nearer the mark.] 



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? HURDMAN. Tuvley and Haiv. " Arg. on a fess betw. 

3 crescents gu. 3 fleurs-de-lis or," 1684. 

[This is really Oakeley ; possibly the field 
was "erm for a difference." Robson gives for H, "... a 
fess . . . betw. 2 flaunches erm." Rudder, 779, says 
William, s. of George, of Sandpitts, gent., and g.s. of 
Edward H., first Mayor of Worcester. Grazebrook quotes 
this shield.] 

HUSSEY. DownAmpney. Ninth quartering of Hunger- 

ford : Barry of 6 erm. and gu." [Glos. Vis., 
1623, p. 87 : Sir Thomas Hungerfford, of 
Hetsbury, married Jane, d. and h. of Sir Edmond H.] 
Frampton-on-Sevem. Seventh quartering of Bell, brought in 
with Clifford: "Erm. 3 bars gu." (another reading). [Glos. 
Vis., 1623, p. 40: John C, of Frampton, married Erneburga, 
d. and h. to . . . H., first wife.] Fretheme. Lodge parlour 
window. Third quartering of Clifford. The same as first. 
[_Glos. Vis., 1623, makes it the fifth.] 

HUTTON. Upper Slaughter. Impaled with Wanley, 

1688: "Gu. on a fess or betw. 3 lozenge 

cushions erm. tass(e)led or, 3 fleurs-de-lis 

sa.," 1682. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 195 : Andrew W\, of Eyford, 

married Frances, d. of John H., of Marske, Yorks.] 

HYDE, SEE Hill, or mil. Third quartering of Fust, 

HIDE. , , , , 

1779: " Az. a chev. betw. 3 lozenges or. 

[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 67: Richard F. married 

first Anne, d. and h. of Robert John Hide, of Ingatestone, 

Essex.] 2 and 3 quartering with i and 4, Mohun, being 

sixth quartering of Fust, 1779 : " Or a chev. betw. 3 lozenges 

az. on a chief gu. an eagle displ. or (o^ the field)." [Papvvorth 

gives the field " arg.," as of Hide, Albury, co. Hertford, but 

the Herts. Vis. " or." I cannot find this Mohun-Hyde 

marriage.] 

HYETT. Paiimvick. On altar table on eagle's breast. 

" Arg. a lion ramp, and a chief dancette 
{Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 96, indented) sa." 

The same on lozenge shield, 1738, with escut. of pret., 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



301 



Webb. Crest : Lion's head sa. issuing out of a castle 
gu. (now head has in mouth rose sHpped, and castle is 
charged with 4 pellets). [Charles H., M.P. for the city of 
Glos., married . . . d. of Nicholas Webb, of the same.] 
Wotton Undendge. " Arg. a lion ramp. sa. a chief per fess 
dancette arg. and sa.," 1691. [This is one of the several 
variations the chief has undergone.] 

? HYMAN. Awve. " Two bars a chief indented," 

Richard H., of Hagloe, 1736. [Not in 

Armories, but Fairbairn gives their crest.] 

HYNSON, SEE Bad^worth. Impalins: Roberts, 1670: 
HINSON. , , f „ 

" Az. a chev. or betw. 3 suns ppr. 

WilHam H. married Elizabeth, d. and h. 

of Egidius R. [so this should have been an escut. of pret.]. 

The same, 1649, impaling "a lion ramp." [Mary, 1643^ 

wife of Thomas H. I think the impaling should be 

Lawrence, "Arg. a cross raguly gu.," as Glos. Vis., 1682, 

p. no, says Mary L. married Thomas H., of Badgeworth, 

in 1616, instead of the Roberts above.] Also the sarne for 

Thomas, s. of William H., 1650. 

ILES. Minchin Hampton. " (Arg.) a fess engr. and 

in chief 3 fleurs (de-lis sa.)," 1727, John L, of 
Chalford, and Mary his wife, 1737. The same, 
1749, Joseph, of Bristol, youngest s. of John L, of Chalford. 
• [? INGLER.] 5. BriaveVs. "Two bars on a canton 5 billets 
in saltire," over monument to William 
Catchmay, Esq. [Papworth, p. 20 : " Or 2 
bars az. on a canton arg. 5 billets sa.," Jugler, Ryegate, 
Surrey. But the Surrey Vis. says Ingler, and on p. 58 Thomas 
Hoskins, of co. Monmouth, marries Jane, d. of . . . Catch- 
meed, of CO. Glos., and their son Charles H. married Ann, d. 
of Thomas L, of Rigate. If this was the C.'s coat, then the 
Is. must have inherited it. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 242, Cachmaid 
arms are given in two blazons quite different, and the above 
Hoskins marriage is also there. Can it be that William C, 
of the monument, who married a Barbara, unnamed in ped., 
was an Ingler, and that it is her coat, not his own ?] 



302 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



[INGOLDSBY.] Preston-upon-Avon. Fourteenth quartering of 
Mariet, 1709: "Erm. a saltire engr. sa.," 

[John M. married Jane I.] 

INGRAM. Whittington. "Erm.on a fess gu. 3 escallops 

or," 1670, impaling ? Barns. [Jacobus I., 
D.D., on the monument, is not stated to 
have married anyone, but his d. Margaret married first 
Anthony B., so it could not be B., but Ingram, that would be 
the impaling. Dr. James I. is known to have married 
Abigail . . . and the arms would say Stratford.] Cheltenham. 
The same, without tinctures, 1727, impaled with French. 
[Elizabeth I. married William French, gent. She was the 
d. of James above, Rector of Whittington.] The same, the 
field erm. being given, John I., 1690, aged 14. 
[? INGRAM.] Oddington. The same as first, impaled with 
[? Lenthell] . 

INNYS. Westbury-on-Tnm. Redland Chapel. In< 

lozenge shield, quarterly i and 4 with 
Abercherder and Lovell : "Arg. 3 estoiles 
az.," 1747, Mrs. Anne, d. of Andrew I., of Bristol. Also 
twice impaled with Cossins, 1759; the second in a lozenge, 
shield for Martha, 1762, sister of the above, and wife of John 
C, of Redland Court. Also quarterly as before, 1778. Crest : 
Greyhound's head coupt. arg. collared az. (not in Fairbairn ; 
generally an estoile as in arms). Motto: "Bona spero." 
Two shields, not given in Rudder. First, the same, impaling 

** Arg. 2 bars gu.," ? [Martyn] , and the second the 

same, impaling [Backwell] . 

IRELAND. Berkeley. Twenty-second shield on screen. 

Quarterly with France, England and 
Scotland, but no blazon, being part of 

the coat of Lenox ; it is " Az. a harp or stringed arg." 

Neivent. Glass in dwelling-house at Crook's. Third quarter, 

as the last. 

IRETON. Quenington. "Erm. on (? reading, perhaps 

intended for the escut. of pret., Powle, ta 
be added, which is over it), a bend voided 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



303 



of the field gu.," 171 1, impaling Powle, 1714. Crest: Squirrel 
(sejant) ppr. holding a nut. [Henry, of Williamstripp, 
only s. of Henry I., of Adderborough, co. Notts., married 
Catharine, sole d. and h. of the Right Hon. Henry P., Esq., 
Master of the Rolls and vSpeaker of the House of Commons."] 
;<{? ISAAC] Westerleigh. Impaled with Roberts, 1673: 

" Sa. a bend arg. on a canton of the second 
a leopard's face of the first." [I cannot find 
marriage.] 

-IVY. Almondshivy. Quarterly i, and impaling the 

same : " Arg. a lion ramp, gu.," with 2 
Quintine, 3 Mallet, 4 Vyell. Hugh, 
1630, s. of Thomas 1;, of West Kington, Wilts., married Ann, 
d. of Michael Quintine, late of Bvpton, Wilts. ; so Bigland 
justly adds these are wrongly marshalled. It should be 
quarterly i and 4, Ivy ; 2 and 3, Vyell ; impaling Quintine. 
Mallet was his mother, but not an h. Rudder does not 
give it. 

IVYLEAFE.] Siston. "... saltire cotised ..." , 

1814, impaling [Hidon] . Query the blazon. 
[I read this in 1900 as "Arg. a saltire sa. 

betw. 4 crosses croslet . . ." But Armories do not help; 

perhaps it is an inherited coat.] 

IZOD. Stanton. ImpaHng Vernon, 1642: "Arg. 6 

leopards' (. . . heads, faces) vert 3.2.1.," 
1650. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 98 : Rev. Henry 
I. married Alice, d. of the Rev. Richard V.] The same, 
1675, impaled with Parsons. [Maria, d. of the last, married 
Richard P., Chancellor of Glos.] The same, 1704, impaled 
with Kirkham. [Not in the Vis.] 

JACKSON. Westhiiry -on-Trim. First of four atchments. 

" Arg. (Rudder, 802, says or, but I think arg. 

is right), on a chev. sa. betw. 3 eagles' heads 
erased az. 3 cinquefoils of the first." Crest : A horse current 
arg. guttee de sang." [Rudder says Robert, s. of Nicholas 
J., of Sneed Park, is the present owner, so as there is no date 
it is most probably him.] The same, 1752, impaling Cann, 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



1762. [Rudder, 801 : Nicholas J. married Ann, d. of Sir 
Thomas C, Knt.] 

JACOB. Westhiry -on-Tirm. In lozenge shield,. 

impaled with Knight, 1684 • " on a 
canton sa. a tiger's head erased of the 
field," 1717, and query impaled with Hungerford, 1668. 
[This by the reading is Jacob, between Knight and Hunger- 
ford. Rudder, 803, says Giles, s. of Giles H., of Willow 
(Wellow), CO. Som., married Martha, d. of John J., of 
Norton, Wilts. He died 1689, so as the dates do not tally, 
it is difficult to decide the order ; but on p. 804 the next 
monument is to Jacob Knight, s. of Sir John, Knt., which 
seems to point to the last having married a J.] 
[? JACOB.] Wickwar. Impaled with Stokes, 1773- 

I and 4 quarters with 2 and 3, Query, 
75 : " Or on a canton az. a griffin's head 

erased," , 1791. [Rudder does not give this.] 

JAMES. 5. BriaveVs. "(Arg.) a chev. betw. 3 millinks 

(sa.)," 1741. [William J. and Ann . . . his 
wife, 1784, aged 73. Nayler gives the coat 
without the "chev.," but says he is of Tidenham, not of 
SoylwelL] 

JAMES I. Lassborougli. Rude emblazon of his Royal 

Arms. 

JASON. Hinton or S^c. Atchievement. Quarterly 

I. and 4 with 2 and 3, Lyon, and escut. 
of pret., [Warren] : " Az. a toisson d'or 
(golden fleece) within a double tressure counterflory of the 
second {i.e. or), on a canton (arg.) the arms of Ulster (sin. 
hand gu.)," for a Bart. [G. E. C.'s Barts., iii. 231: Robert 
J., father of the first Bart., married Susan, d. and ? h. of 
John L., of Holand ; and Sir Robert, fourth Bart., married 
Anne, d. and ? h. of Capt. David W.] 

JAYE. BevMey. (Sa.) 3 leopards' faces (generally 

heads erased arg.) ducally crowned (or)," 
Francis J., 1736, and others. The same^ 

1 714, Francis, second s. of last, and others. The same, 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 305 

1657. Charles, sometime of Darking {sic), co. Surrey, 
and others. 

JAYNE. Bisley. Impaling Kite, 1744: ''A chief 

vaire." Rudder, 293 : " Gu. a chief vaire 
arg. and az. [i.e. vair)." Thomas J. married 
Sarah K. 

JEFFERIES. Blockley, CO. Worcester. Third of three- 
shields, impaled with Childe : " Arg. a 
chev. betw. 3 scaling ladders sa." [Wove. 
Vis,, 1569, p. 36 : William C, of Pensax, married Margaret,, 
d. to William Geffreys, of Home Castell, co. Wore] 
Westhiivy -on-Trim. Second atchment, impaled with Cann : 
" Az. a frett. or, on a chief of the second a lion pass, of 
the first." [If this is right, then there must have been two 
Cann-JefFeries marriages, as Catherine, only d. and h. of Sir 
Robert C, married Charles J.; but as Cann is fretty also, 
I think it is read wrongly, and ought to be reversed, but even 
then, as she was an h. it ought to be an escut of pret.] 
JEFFERIS. Westhtry-on-Trini. Sa. a lion ramp, or 

betw. 3 scaling ladders arg.," 1752. Also the 
same, impaled with Harmer. [Rudder, 804, 
makes the lion " arg.," and it is so given by Na3der. William 
J., of Pen Park, left an only d. and h., Ann, 1795, who 
married John H., so this should be an escut. of pret., which 
at the present time it is.] 

? JELFE. Ruerdean. "... a fess wavy or," 1769. [I 

think this has been wrongly named, as the 
J.'s of Glos. bore a different coat.] 
JENKINS. Stone. " Arg. 3 cocks gu. crested and 

jellop'd or," 1741. Crest: Out of a ducal 
coronet ... a camel. [These J.'s are of 
Wales, and Fairbairn gives them a lion generally for crest, 
but those of Ireland a talbot. Can it be the last ?] 
JENKINSON. Blockley, co. Worcester. Impaled with 
Childe : " Az. on a fess wavy arg. a cross 
patty gu. in chief 2 estoiles or." [Thomas 
C, of Northwick, married Anne Mary, d. of Sir Robert J., of 



3o6 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Walcott, Oxon., Knt.] Hawkeshury. Illustration. Achieve- 
ment of Rt. Hon. Sir Charles J., Bart., and Baron of H. : 
" Az. on a fess wavy or a cross pattee gu. in chief 2 estoiles 
-of the first, and Bart.'s inescutcheon. " Supporters: "Two 
hawks displ. ppr., beaked, legged, and belled or, ensigned 
with Baron's coronet." On monument, the same, with 
Bart.'s inescutcheon. Crest : Seahorse surgent arg. maned 
.az. supporting a cross patty gu. Sir Robert J., in church, 
1766. 

JENNER. Bevhehy. ImpaHng Head, 1728: " (Az.) a 

cross coupee (? patonce) betw. 4 fleurs- 
de-lis (or)," 1754. Rev. Stephen J., vicar 
■ of the parish, and Sarah his wife. Meysey Hampton. Third 
shield. " (Sa.) 3 covered cups (or)," 1617. [Thi^ is Genor, 
so when they changed the spelling they changed the coat, 
.as Editha J. is on the monument, who was the wife of James 
Vaulx, chirurgeon. 

:? JENNER.] Slimhvidge. Impaled with Davies, ? 1818 : 
" Gu. (az.) a cross moline (patonce) betw. 4 
fleurs-de-lis arg. (or)," 1812. [JBuvkes Land, 
.Gent., 1853, p. 647 : Anne, d. of Rev. Stephen J., married 
Rev. William D., Rector of Eastington.] 

JENNEVILLE. Cirencester. Fifth shield on stalls. " Az. 3 
coronets or," Sir John J., Knt. [This, if it 
is intended for J., is only part of the coat, 

which is " Or 2 bars az. betw. 3 ducal coronets gu." Sir J. 

Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 209, quoting Carles' M.S. 5, B. 3. 

O'., and in the note reads it as the other Genevyie, but 

apparently Carles did not make out the charges and that 

Bigland did.] 

JENNINGS. Westhury-on-Trim. Fourth quartering of 

Morgan, 1780: " Az. a chev. betw. 3 
griflins' heads erased arg." 

JERMYE. Rendcomh. Second and fourth shield. The 

first impaled with [Roe] quarterly i and 
4 with 2 and 3 ? Tempest : " Arg. a lion 

ramp, guard, gu.," 1629. Third shield, impaled with 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



307 



Berkeley, as the last. [Rudder, 623 : Elenor J. married 
-first Robert R., and secondly Sir Ry : (Richard) B. He gives 
a full description of the shields, beginning with Bigland's 
fourth, in which the lion is not " guard,," but adds a crescent 
for diff.] 

i[JEYNE.] Tewkesbury. " 10 torteaux (really roundles 
untinctured), 4.3.2.1. in chief a demi lion 
ramp.," , 1669. [This is the same as 

Jaduyn or Juyn, which is " Sa. 10 bezants 4.3.2.1. on a 

•chief arg. a demi lion ramp, issuant gu."] 

JOBBINS HawkeshiLvy. *' (Arg.) on a cross engr. (gu.) 

betw. 4 pheons (az.) a rose of the field," 
1743. ' Mary, wife of John J., and others. 

JODDRELL. Tovtwovth. In lozenge shield, impaled with 
Child : " Erminois 3 round buckles their 
tongues downwards in the fess point a trefoil 

slipt or." {The buckles should be arg., but I cannot find 

marriage.] 

JOHNSON. Bavnwood. Impaling Edwards, 1773 : " Arg. 

a bend sa. on a chief of the second 3 wool- 
packs of the first." \Villiam J. married 
Elizabeth, d. of Anthony E., of Shurdington. Also J., 1729, 
impaling Selwyn, 1722. William J., of Bowden Park, Wilts., 
married Beata, sister of Major-General S., Governor of 
Jamaica. Also impaled with Whitehead. Manasseth W. 
married Elizabeth J., 1756. [In brackets, Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 162 : Beata was d. of William S. and Margaret Nourse, 
and Ehzabeth W. was her d.] 

JONES. Bitton. Quarterly i and 6: "Lion ramp." 

[Given in Hardwicke as " Gu. a lion ramp. 

or." It is now " Arg. a lion ramp, reguard. 
sa." This Nayler gives as J,, of Winterbourn. Alice, with 
no date, Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 100, first wife of Richard J., of 
Hanham, d. of . . . Lowen, co. Bucks., 1697.] Brockworth. 
Quarterly i: " Erm. a saltire gu." [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 96, 
Joanes. i : " Erm. on a saltire gu. a crescent for diff." 

22 

Vol. XXVIII. 



3o8 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Really, Fitzgerald, from whom descended John J., gent.,. 

1747.] 2: "Sa. a lion ramp, reguard. or," [Glos. Vis.t. 

Or a lion ramp, reguard. sa. a crescent for diff." The first 
would be a Welsh family, the second is J., so I think the one 
intended.] Havdwiche. Impaled with Trye, 1670 : " Gu. a 

ion ramp, or." [Capt. Thomas T. married Anne, 1703, one 
of the daus. of Richard J., of Hanham. This is not at all 
likely to be correct blazon, it is the old Fitzalan coat.] 

Lidney. Impaling [Cooke] : '* A lion ramp.," Rudder, 

529 : " Arg. a lion ramp, gu.," 1732. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 48 : 
Anne C. married ? Roynon Jones.] Westerkigh. " Erm. a 
saltire gu.," impaling Roberts. See Brockworth. [Rudder, 
807: WiUiam J., Lord of the Manor, and Mary (Roberts), 
his wife, 1661.] 

[? JONES.] Cold Ashton. "On a fess betw. 3 bucks' 

heads couped as many fleurs-de-lis." Crest : 
Out of a coronet a buck's head. Evan 

Jones, rector, 1738. [In 1903: "Or on a fess betw. 3 nags' 

heads couped sa. as many fleurs-de-lis of the first. Crest :. 

Out of a ducal coronet a horse's head, as in the arms. " Arg. 

a chev. az. betw. 3 nags' heads erased sa.," is J.] Azvre, 
Erm. a chev " [" Erm. a chev. couped sa." is J., 

but as the shield is partly defaced, it may be the base of the 

saltire, as in Brockworth.] Joseph J., chirurgeon, 1755, and 

impaling [Nash] Mary, 1721, his wife. 

JORDAN. Awve. Impaling [Brabourne] : " (Az.) lion 

ramp. betw. seme of cross croslets fitchy 
(or)," Mr. Samuel J., minister of this parish, 
1670. Bicknov English. Same as last, only " 8 crosses," John 
J. and Elizabeth his wife, impaling Hall, 1708. Bourton-on- 

the-Watev. "On a fess betw. 3 towers a lion pass.," ,. 

impaling [Rooke] , 1722, John J,, 1774, and his wife Ann. 
Also in south aisle this shield without inscription : 
Quarterly i and 4, " Arg. on a fess sa. betw. 3 towers 
gu. a lion pass, or," with 2 and 3, [Rooke]. Crest: A 
tower gu. [Unnamed, but evidently givmg the tinctures 
to the first.] 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



309 



JUSTIN AP Bishop's Cleeve. Sixth shield on southern 
GWRGANT. ... , _ , . 

chimney-piece. *' Gu. 3 chevronels arg. 

Westhtiry-on-Trim. [In brackets.] Third 

quartering of Morgan, 1780. The same, [inherited] . 

JUXTON. Compton Parva. Impaling Mariott : " Or a 

cross gu. betw. 4 blackmoors' heads couped 

at the shoulders ppr., and the arms of 

Ulster." Sir William J., Knt. and Bart., 1739, was the s. of 

Sir William J. and Elizabeth Walter, and he married 

Susanna, youngest d. of John M. 

KARVER. Tewkesbury. Impaled with Peyton, 1742 : 

" Az. a chev. erm. betw. 3 lions' heads or 
erased langued gu." [It should be "erased 
or." Not in Armories. Elizabeth, 1773, widow of Dr. George 
P., was d. of Thomas K., of the city of Worcester. Dyde, 64.] 
KEBLE. Southrop. " Or a chev. engr. gu. on a chief sa. 

3 mullets or." Crest : Elephant's head coupt, 
ppr. trunked and tusked or. Thomas K.^ 
sen., gent., 1670. 
KECK. Sherborne. Second shield, impaled with 

DuTTON : " Sa. a bend erm. betw. 2 bendlets 
flory or." [Rudder, 651 : Sir John D., Bart., 
married secondly Mary, d. of Francis K., co. Oxford.] Whitting- 
ton. On atchment, third quartering of Tracy, ? 1768. The same, 
only the bendlets are blazoned "2 cotises flory counterflory." 
[Thomas Charles, fifth Viscount T., married, 1712, Elizabeth, 
one of the daus. of William K. and Agnes Clopton; query an 
h.] The same, third quartering of Tracy, 1770.] 
. [? KEMBLE.] Tewkesbury. " On a bend 3 leopards' faces." 

[Rudder, 747 : Thomas K., gent., 1707, bore 
" Az. on a bend or three bulls' heads couped 
sa. gutty de sang." Really, " Az. on a bend or goutty de sang 
3 leopards' faces sa."] Crest, not the usual one, a lion's 
head erased. ImpaHng [? Michell] . 

KEMBLE. Cirencester. On a bend 3 leopards' faces." 

\Glos. Trans.,, xvii., p. 288, Sir J. Maclean 
says, though by this reading I should say it 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



was untinctured, except perhaps the bend, that the blazon is 
*'Sa. on a bend erm. 3 leopards' faces of the first," Thomas 
K., 1710; but he gives the crest "a wolf's head erased," not 
:given in Bigland, which shows the Tewkesbury one was read 
wrong.] 

KEMP. Colne S. Dennis. " Gu. 3 garbs within 

bord. engr. or," Sir Benjamin K., Bart., 
1777. 

KEMPE. Pveston-iipon-Avon. " Gu. 3 garbs with a 

bord. engr. or, a mullet arg.," 1624. Crest : 
On a garb festways or a falcon with wings 
endorsed ppr. 

ICEMYS. ^ Frampton Cottevel. First atchievement, im- 
paled with Brown, 1679 : " Vert on a chev. 
arg. 3 pheons sa.," 1692. [Ann, d. and coh. 

of William K., of Wickwick, Esq., married Robert B.] 

Second B. quartering K. Third, the last on an escut. of 

pret. on Milborn. 

KENSINGFORD. MincJiin Hampton. Third quartering of 
HoPLON, 1775: "Paly bendy of six or and 
gu." [Shropshire Vis., 1623, p. 256, leaves 
out the " paly," and so gives the coat to Eyton ; but the 
first marriage in the ped. is Richard H., of H., co. Salop, 
marries . . . d. and h. of . . . Kensingford, co. Salop.] 
[KENTWOOD.] Ahnondshury. 2 and 3 quartering of Fetti- 
PLACE : " (Arg.) on a bend (sa.) 3 cinque- 
foils (or) betw. 3 croslets fitchy (sa.)." [This 
is not the usual quartering of F. ; it is generally Besilles. The 
only connection I can find is that Isabel Warren married 
first a K., and then William F. ; but then this should be 
W., not K.] 

PKEYNESTON. Torhvovth. Eighth quartering of Throk- 
MORTON, 1607: "Arg. a lion ramp, sa." [I 
can find no connection. Glos. Vis,, 1623, 
p. 162, says " Az. a lion ramp, arg," Mathew; really, "Or a 
lion ramp, sa.," Mathew, of Raydor, as on p. 163. William 
T. married Margarett, d. and h. of Sir David M., Knt.] 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 31! 



KEYT, OR Clifford Chambers, First atchievement. 2 and 

KEYTE. 

3 quartering of Dighton : " Az. a chev.. 

betw. 3 kites' heads erased or." [G/05. Vis., 
1682, p. 102: Alice, d. and coh. of Francis K. and Alice 
Spencer, married, 1687, Richard D.,'bf Clifford Chambers.] 
Second atchievement. The same, escut. of pret. on 
Dighton, quartered with Query, 17. [The same marriage.} 
Ebrington. On monuments. First, the same as before. 
Second, the same, 1632 \^Glos. Vis., 1682, p. loi, it is 
given 1682 in error], impaling Riley. [William K. married 
first Eglantine, d. of Edmond R., of Cambden.] Third,, 
the same, impaling Salmon quarterly. [The same William 
married secondly Eleanor, d. and coh, of John S., of 
Nottingham.] The same quarterly, 1662, impaling Taylor,. 
1669. [Sir John K., first Bart., married Margaret, d. and 
h. of William T., of Bricksworth, co. Northampton.] The 
same, impaling Talbot, 1656. [This is really wrongly 
marshalled, it should be T. impaling K., as it was Elizabeth, 
d. of the last, that married Sir John T., of Lacock, Wilts.] 
The same, impaling Harrison, 1667. [John, s. of William 
K. and Eglantine Ridley, married secondly Margaret, d. of 
William H., of Caddicroft, co. Wore] The same, 1702, 
quartering Tayler, and query impaling Coventry. [Sir 
William K., second Bart., married Elizabeth, d. and 
eventually h. of the Hon. Francis, second s. by his second 
wife of the Lord Keeper C. ; but this monument is to 
Thomas, their son, born 1672, ob. 1702, and erected by 
Francis, his brother, not mentioned in ped.] The same, 
1660, impaling Porter. [John, who above married secondly 
Margaret Harrison, married first Jane, d. and I suppose h., 
as it is a quartering, of Thomas P., of Mickleton.] The 
same, quarterly, 1702, with escut. of pret., Coventry. [This 
is William K., second Bart.'s marriage as above.] The 
same, 1702, i and 6 of quarterly of six with label for diff. 
[William, third s. of the second Bart.] Two of the same, 
1701, impaling Dayrell, 1681. [Thomas K., of Wolford 
(Great Wolverd, co. Warwick), married Mary, d. of Walter 



312 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



D., of Abingdon, Berks. ; he was fourth s. of John K. and 
Jane Porter.] The same, 1682, impaling Spencer, 1687* 
[Francis, second s. of John K. and Jane Porter, married 
Ahce, d. of Sir William S., Bart.] On a lozenge shield* 
The same, 1674, Jane, d. of the last pair. On a very old 
tomb are the arms of K. impaling Riley, mentioned on 
second monument. Mickleton. Spencer impvaling K. [This 
is wrongly marshalled, it should be K. impaling S., and is so 
on Hidcote House, as it is to Alice S., wife of Francis K., as 
before, but it has a difference, the chev. being charged with 
3 trefoils gu. The same as last, 1674. [This is a duplicate 
of the one at Ebrington to Jane, d. of the last pair.] Stow. 
Two shields. The same as at Ebrington, only with a mullet 
sa. for diff. Crest : Kite's head erased or. [Capt. Hastings, 
s. of John K. and Jane Porter; he fell at Stow, 21st March, 
1645.] Todington. First atchment, impaled with Tracy, 
1756, quarterly; first and eighth quarterings, here the chev. 
is tricked or, otherwise the same as Ebrington. [Rudder, 
7^72 : Thomas Charles, fifth Viscount T., married Elizabeth, 
1 719, eldest d. of WilHam K. (and Agnes Clopton), s. of the 
second Bart., Sir William.] 

KING. Daglingworth. " (Sa.) lion ramp, du'cally 

crowned betw. 3 crosses croslet (01^," 
Thomas K., 1710. Randwick. Atchment, 
impaled with Cooke : Per cross {i.e. quarterly) ate-g. and az. 
on a bend compony az. and gu. 3 cinquefoils or." Also the 
same, impaled with Cooke, 1792. [Glos. N. and Q., i. 144 : 
Henry C. and Sarah K., 1783.] Sherborne. In lozenge 
shield, quarterly i and 4: " Sa. a lion ramp. betw. 3 cross 
crosslets or." [Rudder, 651 : Ann, second wife of John 
Dutton, 1656, and '^fourth d. of John K., bishop of London, 
descended from the antient Saxon Kings of Deuonshire."] 
KING'S ARMS. Wotton Under edge. No blazon. Query 

English or King of Denmark's. 
KING OF THE Bishop's Cleeve. Remains from Hayles 
Abbey : " Or eagle displ. sa." [Marshalled 
with Richard, Earl of Cornwall, which see.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 313 



JCINGSCOTE. Kingscote. Illustration shields. Quarterly 
I and 4: *' Arg. 10 escallops 2.3.2.3. sa. 
on a canton gu. a mullet pierced or," with 2 
and 3, Barnslev. [Col. Robert K. was g.s. of William K. 
and Catharine B., but according to' the ped. in Glos. Vis.^ 
1682, p. 104, his mother was a coh. of . . . Hammond, so her 
-quartering ought to have been added.] On pyramid two of 
the same not quartered. The same, 1654. [Anthony, who 
married Catharine Chambers, 1665.] The same, 1706. 
[William, s. of Abraham K. and Joan Green.] 
KINGSTON. Misevden. On tomb in illustration, two 
shields. First, " Az. a cross or betw. 4 
Jeopards' faces arg." Second, The same, 
dmpaling Washborne. [William, 1614, s. of Anthony K., 
married Mary, d. of John W., of Wickenford, co. Wore] 
The same as first, 1614. [William as the last.] Wotton 
Undevedge. Third quartering of Veel : " Sa. a lion ramp. 
and a canton arg." [Glos. Vis.^ 1623, p. 172, gives the lion 
double queued, and the ped. says Peter V., golden Knt., 
married Hawise, d. and h. of . . . K., of Tatworth.] 
[KINGSTON.] Sixth quartering of Veel, 1577 : " Lion ramp.," 
the same as last. Wotton Undevedge. Twelfth 
quartering of Bainham, 1667: " Sa. a lion 

iramp. or," [brought in with Veel, the seventh quartering]. 

KINGSTONE. Longhope. In lozenge shield, impaled with 
? Andrewes : " (Az.) a cross (or) betw. 4 
leopards' faces (arg.)," 1683. [Bridget, 
wife of Roger A. In Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 24, Theophilus 
i3rereto.n marries secondly Hesther, d. of Roger A., of 
Huntley, an4 then of Longhope.] 

KIRKHAM. Stimton (in Kiftsgate Hundred). Impaling 
IzoD, 1704 : " Erm. 3 lions ramp. gu. within 
bord. engr. sa.," 1705. [Rudder, 689 : Rev. 
Henry K., rector of the parish, and Sarah his wife.] 
KITE. Bisley. Impaled with Jayne : " (Az.) on a 

chev. betw. 3 eagles' (kites) heads erased 
(or) 3 trefoils slipped (gu.)," 1744. [This is 



314 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



the same family as Keyte, but it is not in their ped.. 
Sarah married Thomas J.] Rodmarton. Impaled with Cox,, 
1781 : "Az. a chev. or betw. 3 kites' heads erased arg. 
beaked sa.," 1758. [The same as last, not in ped.] 
KNEVET. Eastington. Quarterly of six. i : " Arg. a 

bend sa. within bord. engr. az.," Elizabeth, 
1518, d. of Sir William K^, Knt., of Bucken- 
ham Castle, Norfolk, by Joan, his second wife, sister of 
Edward, Duke of Buckingham. Four corner shields, two 
of them defaced, i : As before. 2 : Quarterly of nine on 
lozenge shield, for the Elizabeth above. 

KNIGHT. Horton. Escutcheon with a spread eagle, 

and ensigned with a cardinal's hat. [This 
is the Prothonotary William's arms, but it 
was a " Per fess or and gu." coat, and had " a demi rose en. 
soleil of the second and demi sun of the first in base conjoined 
over a demi eagle displayed with two heads sa."] Westbury 
on-Trim. First shield. In lozenge shield: "Arg. 3 pales gu. 
on a canton of the second a spur or within bord. engr. az.," 
1684, inipaling Jacob, 1717. [I think this must be Sir John 
K., Knt., married ? Martha Jacob, and she afterwards married 
Giles Hungerford, 1689.] The same, 1720. [Rudder, 804, 
says Jacob K., s. of John K., Knt., impaling Dowdeswell; 
but he gives the coat as " Arg. 3 roundlets on a chief of the 
second a buckle or." This looks as if it was a dimidiated 
coat and Hungerford and K. were mixed, as Bigland does 
not say so ; he married Anne D.] Crest : A demi eagle out 
of a mural crown or. In a lozenge shield, the same as the 
first, impaling Dowdeswell, 1736. [This is the last marriage, 
being Anne's coat.] 

[KYNADISLEY.] Bishofs Clceve, Southern chimney-piece. 

Third quartering of De la Bere, named in 
error by Bigland Breaus, of Gowr : " Az. a 
lion ramp, crusily arg." K. being " Az. a lion ramp. arg. 
within orle of crosses croslet of the second," the lion is now 
langued gu. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 49, says " Ric'us Delaber de 
Kinardsley." It would be the same in the church. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



315 



[KYNNERSLEY.] Mickleton. Eleventh quartering of Fisher : 
" Arg. a fess vaire or and gu. betw. 3 eagles 
displ. of the last " [brought in with ninth 

Ferrers. John K. married Johanna, sister and h. to 

Thomas F.] . 

KYRLE Tainton. Impaled with Pury: " Az. a chev. 

betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis or," 1688. Also the same, 
impaled with Pury and More quarterly, 

1693. [Rudder, 727: Barbara, d. of James K., of Walford, 

CO. Hereford, married Thomas P.] 

? LACY. Pveston-iipon-Avon. Ninth shield in window. 

Fourth quartering of Bullock, error for 

Baynham : "Or a fess gu." [I think this is 
either Greyndour with the 6 crosses croslet left out, or else 
" Erm. a fess gu.," which would be Button ; the sixth or seventh' 
quartering on the shield of Baynham in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 12.] 
[LACYE.] Ozelwovth. Atchment. Fourth, ? third, 

quartering of Lowe: " Az. 6 cinquefoils,. 

3.2.1. or," [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 60,- 

this quartering is given as the third, and blazoned " Arg. 
6 pellets 3.2.1. a mullet gu. for difference, and the ped, says 
" Symon L., of Bromley, co. Kent, married Margerett, d. 
and h. of Christopher Lacye, of London.] 
LAMBE. Fairfovd. Quarterly i and 4 : " Sa. on a 

fess or betw. 3 cinquefoils erm. a lion pass. 

gu. betw. 2 mullets sa.," with 2 and 3, Cole.. 
[Marshalled with Barker. Glos. Vis.., 1682, p. 10, says 
Esther, d. of Samuel B., married James L.] 
LAMBERT. Colne S. Aldwyn's. " (^Gu.) a chev. betw. 3 

lambs pass, (arg.) a chief chequy (or and 

az.)," John L., 1716, and his wife Elizabeth, 

1729. 

LANCASTER. Kempsford. Second stone shield on pillars. 
No blazon. 

LANE. Dean Michel. Impaling Browne, 1753 : 

" Per pale (az. and gu.) 3 saltires (or)," 
1748. William L. and Elizabeth his wife. 



.316 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



/Deerhuvst. " Per pale az. and gu. 3 saltires or in the centre a 
'mullet of the last," 1755. WiUiam L., Esq., late of Apperley. 
-Norton. " Per pale gu. and az. 3 saltire humette counter- 
changed," 1709, impaling Browne, 1693. [This is of course 
false, the saltires must be metal, which is given in Gios. Vis.^ 
1682, p. 106, as " or," and on p. 107 William L., of Apperley, 
©b. 1674, married Anne, d. of Richard B., of Bishop's 
Norton ; so the dates do not tally, and these show two 
jBrowne marriages in the family. It is possible that the last 
William L. in the ped., stated to be unmarried in 1682, did, 
like his father, marry another B.] 

'[LANGLEY.] Winterhoum. Impaled with Buck, 1658: 

''(Gu.) a saltire (or)," [Glos. Vis., 1682, 

p. 107 : Elizabeth, d. of Philip L. and 

Catherine Chester, married Thomas B., of Winterborn.] 

LANGTON. Deinton. Impaling Bridges, 1723 : " Quar- 

terly gu. and or a bend arg." John L., of 
Deinton, married Elizabeth, d. of Edward 

B., of Cainsham, Somerset. Dyrham. The same, 1668, Rev. 

William L., pastor of the parish. 

.? LAPLEY. Tortwo-rth. Impaling Matthews : " On a 

fess erm. betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis az." (query 
what, the field would be metal). The same, 

1756. [I cannot find family or arms.] 

[? LARGE] OR Westlniry-07i-Trim. " Per fesse in the upper 
COCK. , 

part az. 3 bars or over all a swan arg. m the 

lower part arg. a dunghill cock gu.," , 

impahng "Arg. a bend wavy sa., in chief 3 dumghill cocks gu. 

2 and I," [This coat has been so daubed, it is impossible 

to say what it means. Monumdnt says Roselarge, one word, 

1610, wid(ow), d. to Wilham Cock, of Hants., gent. It might 

be a quarterly coat, but if so Cock ought to be i and 4. At 

present it reads, " ? Arg. a cock gu. and in chief ? arg. a 

martlet, as it has no legs, betw. 2 bars ?sa.," impahng "? Arg. 

a bend sa., and in chief 2 cocks gu. in bend " ; possibly the 

bend may be intended for L., which is "Arg. a bend az. 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 317 



betw. 3 sometimes 6 mullets gu.,'* and if a quarterly coat it 
would be all Cocks.] 

XAROCHE. Stapleton. Impaling Yeomans, 1781. Quar- 
terly I and 4 : "Arg. a raven ppr." (all that 
is given in Burke s Extinct Baronets, p. 299, 
plate), but he bore, 2 and 3 : " Az. (Burke, ' Arg. on a 
mount vert,' I think wrong), on a rock (the cant) an eagle 
■<:lose looking at the sun in splendour (Burke, in the canton) 
all proper (? or), and baronet's hand." [Burke says James 
L., Esq., of Over, co. Glouc, created a Bart. 1776, married 
Elizabeth Rachel Anne, d. and h. of William Yeamans, of 
Antigua, and widow of Mr. Archibald ; he ob. s.p., when 
baronetcy became extinct.] 

LAWFORD. Almondshury. " (Az.) 3 lions ramp, (arg.) 

ducally crowned (or)," 1679, John L., of 
Stapleton. 

LAWRENCE. Badgeworth. " Arg. a cross raguly gu.," 
1740, Littleton L., Esq., aged 54. [He was 
of Shurdington, and descended from Nicholas, 
third s. of Sir Robert L. Bnrke's Land. Gent, says he was 
buried at Painswick, but there the date is 1729.] The same, 
1697, impaling ? Martin. William L. married Ann . . . 
1691. [G.los. Vis., 1682, p. no, says he married Anne, d. of 
James M., of London, apothecary. This William is made 
the s. of Anthony L. and Barbara Taylor, but Burke says he 
was the s. of Robert L., of Shurdington, and Mary, d. and 
coh. of W. Edwards, Esq., and g.s. of the Littleton L. 
above, possibly a former Littleton L.] Bvockworth. The same, 
over monument to Susanna, 1724, wife of Mr. John L., and 
three infants. [I cannot find this John in the ped.] Dowdes- 
well. The same, 1670, impaled with Rogers, 1663. [Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. Ill : Elizabeth, 1670, d. of Anthony L. and 
Anne Gradwell, married William R., of this parish.] 
Painswick. "Arg. a cross (really raguly) gu,.," 1729, impaling 
TowNSEND. [This is Littleton L., of Badgworth, who 
married Hannah T. ; but the dates do not agi^e, so perhaps 
■his wife's date of death.] Sevenhampton. The same, 1717. 



3i8 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



IGlos. Vis. J 1682, p. Ill : Anthony, of this place, was buried 
1717.] The same, 1700. Crest: A fish {Glos. Vis.: A demi 
fish, tail upwards, arg.). Motto: *' Loyal au mort." [Rudder^ 
647 : Robert L., gent., aged 72, lord of the manor.] Bigland 
prints grant of arms to Richard L., of Foxcote (in Withing- 
ton), by William Dethick, Garter King, 41 Eliz. : " Arg. a 
cross ragule, and in the first canton a lyon pass, gu." Crest : 
The hede of a foxe proper, having one bezant on his neck, . 
and wreath arg. and gu. [There is no Richard in the peds. ; 
there was a Robert about that date, and several others of 
Withington.] Yanworth, in Hasleton, says Rudder, but he 
does not give the monument. " A cross raguly," 171 1. 

[LAWRENCE.] Tewkeshiry. *' Arg. a cross raguly gu.," , 

impaling [Colles] , 1702. [Anthony L., of 
Sevenhampton, 171 7, married Culpeper, d. 
and coh. of John C. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. iii.] Withington. 
Impaled with Fielding, 1709 : "... a cross raguly . . 
[Rudder, 840 : Dr. Robert F. married a d. of ... ? William 
L., not m ped.] 

LAWSON. Horton. Impaled with Paston, 1673 : "Arg. 

a chev. betw. 3 martlets sa." [Martlets are 
right, but when I saw shield they had legs, 
and were either crows or ravens close. Rudder, 504 : Maria, 
1679, d. of James L., co. York, married William P. ; he does 
not come into the peds., so I suppose him to be a brother of 
the first Baron P.] 

[? LEE] OR LEY. Marshfield. " (Gu.) a fess cheeky (may be 
countercompony or and az.) betw. 10 billets 
(arg.)," 1786, impaled with Michell, 1779. 
[Elizabeth . . . wife of Rev. Lancelot M., vicar of the 
parish. Rudder says present (1779) incumbent.] 
[? LEECH.] Preston - upon - Avon. Tenth quartering of 

Mariet, 1709: " Erm. on a chief dancette 
gu. 3 ducal crowns or." 
LEIGH. Adlestrop. Impaling Bee, 1766: "Gu. a 

cross engr. in first quarter a lozenge arg.," 
17S5. [Theophilus L., D.D., married Anne, 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



319 



d. of Edw. B., Esq., of Beckley, co. Oxon.] Crest: 
Unicorn's head coiiped or. The same, i774> impaling 
Bridges. [James L. married Lady Caroline B., d. of 
Henry, Duke of Chandos.] Badgewovth. Impaled with 
' Cartwright. The same, 1675. [Glo's. Vis., 1682, p. 35: 
-Sarah, d. of George, younger s. of Sir William L., married 
as his first wife James C, of Crickley.] Bavnsley. In 
a lozenge shield, the same, 1743, Mrs. Tryphena L., 
spinster. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 114: She was the d. of 
Theophilus L. and Anne Craven.] Longlorough. The same, 
1631, impaling Whorwood, 1664-5. [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 114 : Sir William L., Knt., married EHzabeth, d. of Sir 
Thomas W.] Stow. The same, impaled with Chamber- 
LAYNE, 1677. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 114: Elizabeth, d. of Sir 
William L., Knt., and Elizabeth Whorwood, married John 

■ C, Esq., of Maugersbury.] Todington. Fifth and sixth 
. atchments. The first, a dimidiated coat, with Devereux 

impaled with Tracy quarterly ; the second (? impaled with 
"Tracy, 1792, quarterly), but impaling Bathurst. Crest: 
' Unicorn's head erased arg. armed and chained (? crined) or. 

[Rudder, 772 : William, fourth Viscount T., married first 
. Frances, d. of Leicester Devereux, sixth Viscount Hereford, 
and secondly Jane, third d. of Sir Thomas L. The second, 
the Bathurst marriage, was not a Leigh-Bathurst, but 
Thomas Charles, sixth Viscount T., married Harriet, d. of 
Peter Bathurst, of Clarendon Park, co. Wilts. ; if it was a 
double impaling with Tracy it was poor heraldry, as they 
were not his parents.] Eighth atchment. The same 
(? quarterly with Tracy) and with escut. of pret. [Bingham] , 
with supporters, two falcons and Viscount's coronet. [Sir 
Thomas L., father of the Jane who married William, fourth 
Viscount Tracy above, married first Anne, d. and sole h. of 
Richard B., of Lambeth.] The same, impaled with Tracy, 
1676 (? 1686). [John T., third Viscount, married Elizabeth, 

■ d. of Thomas, first Baron L.] The same, 1792, impaling 
Bathurst. [This is the marriage of the Thomas Charles, 

: sixth Viscount Tracy above, and the monument says Thomas 



320 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Charles Leigh, Lord Viscount Tracy ; so it looks as if the 
later Viscounts had taken the name of Leigh and used their 
arms, &c.] Crest of L. and Viscount's coronet. The same, 
impaled with Tracy ; no date. 

LEIGH. Longhope. *' . . . a chev. betw. 3 unicorns' 

heads couped . . . " impaling Cecill, 1677. 
[I cannot find these arms; the Leigh crest 
was a unicorn's head, and they bore " a cross engr. betw. 4 
heads." Monument says Thomas L., of the Middle Temple, 
married Ann, d. of Hon. William C, s. of WilHam, Count 
(Earl) Salisbury. Perhaps he took the name, being of a 
family bearing this coat, but without tinctures or ped. I 
cannot decide; it might be Head.] 

[LEIGH.] Colne S. Aldwyn's. " Sa. a lion pass, guard. 

arg. crowned or," — — Third quartering of 
Fettiplace. [Really quartering of Bessilles,. 
the second quartering. Oxford Vis. gives the field as gu., but 
sa. is right, as B. married the h. of L., co. Berks.] Winter- 
bourn. Second impaling with Berkley: " Az. 2 bars arg. 
within bord. of second," 

LENOX. Berkeley. Twenty-second shield on screen. 

•* Quarterly, France, England, Scotland,. 

and Ireland, within bord. compone arg. and 
az. the arg. charged with roses ppr. (gu.)." [Rudder, 278 :. 
James, third Earl of Berkeley, married Lady Louisa, eldest 
d. of Charles, first Duke of Richmond.] 

[PLENTHALL.] Oddington. Second and third atchments. 

Second, " Arg. on a bend cotized sa. 3 
mullets or," , impaling ? [Ingram] . 

Crest: A bird's (?,grifiin's) head arg. out of a ducal coronet or. 

Third, the query Lenthall impaling Lenthall, with crest as 

above, 

? LESTER, Todenham. Arms and crest defaced, 1683, so 

a query. 

LESTEROCKE, Cirencester. Sixteenth quartering of D' An vers : 
OR LUSTOCK. ^ „ , rc- 

Erm. on a cross gu. 5 martlets or. [Sir 

J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii., pp. 201 and 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



321 



305, where Sir John Arundell, fourteenth quartering, married' 
Joan, d. and h. of Sir William L.] 

LETHIEUL- Sevenhampton. Marshalled on dex. side as 
first wife with Dodwell, 1727: "Arg. a 

' chev. gu. betw. 3 parrots' heads coupedppr.," 

1719. [Rudder, 647: Sir John D., Knt.,, 

married first Anne, d. of Sir John L., Knt., of Lewisham, 

and relict of John Delean, Esq.] 

[? LEWES.] Kempley. " Az. 3 urchins or." Query 
Abrahall, her own arms, as monument 
says Dorcas, the wife of John L., 1672. 
LEWKNOR. Saperton. 2 and 3 quartering of Wroughton 
impaled with Poole and Parker quarterly:- 
" Arg. 3 chevron O az a crescent for difF.," 

[Really, " Az. 3 chevs. arg. in chief a crescent of the 

last," Aubrey and Jackson, 336. Sir William W., 1559,- 
married Elinor, d., but not h. given, of Edward L.] 
LINGEN. Queinton. Impaling Burton, 1737. Quarterly 

1 and 4 : *' Barry of 6 or and az. on a bend 
gu. 3 roses arg." [Rudder, 616 : Thomas 

L., 1742, married Ann, d. and at length sole h. of Robert B., 
Esq., of Longner Hall, Salop.] 

LIONS. Clifford Chambers. Eighth quartering of 

Raynesford, 1632: "Per pale or and az. a 
chev. erm." [In Glos. Vis,, 1623, p. 227, 
this is the fifth quartering, and it is brought in with 
Glanvile, which does not appear there, as Oxford Vis.,, 
p. 166, says Glanvyle married the h. of L.] 
LIPPINCOTT. Westhuvy-on-Trim. Quarterly i and 4 : ''Per 
fess counterembat. gu. and sa. 3 talbots 
statant guard, arg. 2 and i," 1781, with 
2 and 3, Cann, 1797. [Rudder, 801, says instead of talbots 
the charges are mountain cats. The Devon family seem to 
have borne these, but the Glos. ones as here given.] 
[LISTER.] Clifford Chambers^ Impaled with Dighton, 

2 and 3 quartering with i and 4 [Selman] : 
Erm. on a fess sa. 3 mullets or,''- \_Glos.. 



322 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Trans., xiv. 118 : Francis Keyte D. married Sarah, only d. of 

Edward S. and Sarah, d. and coh. of Matthew L.] 

LITTLE. Randivick. Impaied with (?) White : " Az. 

on a saltire or an anchor sa.," 1784. [Glos, 
N. and Q., i. 145 : Ann W. nee L., she is 
stated to be of Stroud. I cannot find this variation. A saltire 
is not an ordinary that lends itself for such a charge; if it had 
been, say, fleur-de-lis for difference, I should not be surprised. 
Can they have had any connection with the Holder family?] 
i,[LITTLETON.] Longney. " (Arg.) a fess (? error for chev.) 

betw. 3 escallops (sa.)," 1713. [Rev. Mr. 
Richard L., minister of this place 58 years.] 
;[LLOYD.J Bvockworth. Third quartering of Jones, 

1747: ''Arg. a lion ramp. sa. debruised by 
bend gu." '[This would be Burneil, but 
GIqs. Vis., 1623, p. 96, says "debruised by a bendlet sinister 
gu.," which would make the coat belong to a branch of " Arg. 
a lion ramp, sa.," which maybe L. Griffeth Lloyd heads the 
ped.] Uley. Second shield marshalled with [Baker], 1830 : 
"On a canton (? Baker with a canton) arg. a chev. betw. 3 

blackbirds sa. each holding a worm gu.," [? Lloyd, which 

is " Arg. a chev. betw. 3 crows sa., each bearing in its beak 
an erm. spot.'' The Rev. Thomas B. married Mary, sister of 
the Rev. John L., and his son, named Lloyd B., married his 
d., a descendant of the Bishop of S. Asaph, whose arms 
these are.] 

LLOYD AND FlaxUy. " Erm. a saltire gu.," Rev. William 
LLOYDE. 

L., 1754. [Really Fitzgerald, whose descen- 
dants they are.] Wheatenhurst. Quarterly i 
and 4 : " Quarterly or and az. 4 roebucks counter- 
changed," 1658. 2 and 3: "Arg. a quiver gu. banded and 
replenished with arrows or betw. 3 pheons sa." Crest : 
A stag's head erased or. {Glos. Vis., 1623, charged on the 
neck with a crescent ermines.) [Thomas L., p. 105, married 
Rebecka, d. of Thomas Hinson. But on p. 104 the 2 and 3 
quartering are given false, viz. " Arg. a quiver or."] The 
same, impaling Hinson, 1625. The same marriage. Also 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



323 



the same, a single shield, marshalled with Hinson. Winch- 
combe. Impaled with Smart, 1768. Quarterly i and 4 with 

2 and 3 [Parker] : *' Or a quiver and arrows erect gu. betw. 

3 pheons sa.," 1772. 

[LOCKWOOD.] Badminton. Quarterly i and 4 : " (Arg.) 

a fess betw. 3 birds (martlets sa.)," 1720, 

with 2 and 3 Cutts] . Crest : A bird (really, 
on the stump of an oak tree erased ppr. a martlet sa.). 
John L., Gent, of Bedchamber to first Duke of Beaufort. 
LODER. Lechlade. (Sa.) 6 annulets (2.2.2. or)," 

1736, with escut. of pret. of the same. 

John L. married Jane, d. and coh. of 
Charles L., of Hinton, Berks. The same as before, query 
without the escut. of pret., as this is Francis, 1741, s. of 
Robert and Penelope L. The same as last, I think, impaled 
with Castle, 1737. Lettice, it does not say whose d., but 
wife of the Rev. Richard C. The same, impaled with 
[Ainge] , 1778. Lettice, 1775, the d. of Robert L., married 
Richard A., gent. 

[LODER.] Moveton Henmarsh. On an atchievement. 

2 and 3 quarterings with i and 4 : " . . . 

3 owls . . . (query Theobald.) 6 
annulets 3.2.1." [Monument says Beeke L., 1728, but I 
cannot find this branch.] 

LOGGIN. Kempley. Impaled with Pyndar, 1722. 

" Az. 3 (Rudder, 509, 2) piles or, on a 

chief of the second a lion pass, of the 
. field," 1759, Thomas P. and Elizabeth his wife. 
LOGGINS. Upton S. Leonard's. " Per chev. . . . and 

. . . 3 martlets counterchanged," 1645. 

[Papworth gives several families, but L. 

is not amongst them.] 
LONDON CITY. Preston-upon-Avon. Sixth shield in windows. 

"Arg. a cross gu. in dex. first quarter a 

dagger erect of the second." [This seems 
to be marshalled with the arms of L. companies.] 

23 

Vol. XXVIIL 



324 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



LONG. Henhiivy. Impaled with Sampson, 1695: 

*' (Sa.) a lion ramp. betw. 6 croslets (arg.)," 
1716. [Edward, s. of John S., married 
Mary, sole d. and h. of Edward L., of Olveston. Rudder, 
497) gives the lion as "az.," which would be false; so this 
ought to be an escut. of pret.] Marshfield. In a lozenge 
shield, impaling Harrington, 1744: " Sa. 2 flaunches erm. 
a lion ramp. betw. 6 cross croslets arg." [Dionysia H., 
relict of Calthrop L. Rudder, 539, gives the coat as "Sa. 
a lion ramp. betw. 6 crosses pattee arg. two voiders erm."] 
Swindon. "Arg, seme of crosses bottones sa. a lion ramp, 
or," 1786. Crest : Demi lion (? ramp.) or. Wotton Undevedge. 
Impaling Master : " Az. a lion ramp, and seme of cross 
croslets arg.," 1658. [Rudder, 851, gives the field " az.," 
but I think it is an error. Elizabeth, eldest d. of George 
M., of Cirencester, married secondly Walter L., Golden 
Knt. of Draicott-Cerne, Wilts.] 

[LONG.] Ashelwortli. " (Sa.) lion pass, (arg.) on a 

chief (of the last) 3 crosses croslet (of the 
first)," 1752. Edmund L., of Stonehouse, 
mealman. Hasfidd. Third shield, anciently in window : 
" Or a lion ramp, and semee of croslets gu." [Query L. 
Papworth gives this as L., of London, but I expect it is 
much older, as it is marshalled with Pauncefote and Brydges. 
There is the marriage of a William P. in Glos. Vis , 1682, 
p. 131, with Dorothy Scolcroft, of Selby, co. York; it might 
be that, as I cannot find famil}^ or arms.] 

LONGFORD. Havesfield. " Paly of 6 (or and gu.) over all 
a bend (arg.)," 1759, impaling Trye, Rev. 
John L. and Elizabeth his wife. On a 
lozenge shield, the same, 1770, Elizabeth, second d. of 
the above. Cheltenham. Impaled with Trye : " Paly of 6 a 
bend." See first. Elizabeth, 1733, d. of John L. and wife 
of William T., not in ped. Leckhampton. Impaled with Trye, 
1766. The same as first, 1768. [Land. Gentry, 1853, P- ^43^ : 
Rev. John T., rector of the parish, married Mary, d. and 
coh. of the Rev. John L., of Haresfield, and as this 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



325 



became a quartering of the Tryes it should have been escut 
of pret.] 

Wmchcombe. Impaled with Thorne, 1747: 
" Quarterly arg. and gu. a bend engr. sa.," 
1743- 

Painswick. Impaled with Carruthers, 1790: 
" Arg. on a chev. betw. 3 wolves' heads 
erased sa. a leopard's face or." 
Westhury - on - Trim. Rediand Chapel. In 
lozenge shield, third quartering of Innys, 
1747 : " Or 3 bars nebullee (Rudder, 803, 
The same, impaled with Cossins, 1759. 
impaled with Cossins, the wife's Innys, 1762. 



LORINGE. 



LOVELL. 



OVELL. 



undy), gu. 
The same, 
The same quartering of Innys, 1778. 

LOWE. Ozelwovth. Atchment. Quarterly i and 3 : 

Erm. on a bend engr. az. 3 cinquefoils or." 
[It is most probably an error in marshalling 
L. in third quarter ; it should be fourth as in Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 117. The third should be [Lacye] .] 

LOWTHER. Hatherop. Impaled with Sandford, 1783 : 

" Or 6 annuletts sa." 
LUCIE. Down Ampney. Fourth shield on architrave. 

" Gu. 3 luciers [sic, pikes) hauriant arg. 

semee crosses croslet or." Anthony 
Hungerford married first Elizabeth L.] Dumhleton. 2 and 3 
quartering of Percye, 1628 : " Gu. 3 lucies hauriant ppr. 
(really arg.)." [G. E. C, vi. 84: Maud, d. of Thomas, 
second Lord L., in 1369 became sole h. of her family, and 
married as his second wife Henry de P., first earl.] 
LUDLOW. Painswick. " (Arg.) a chev. . . . betw. 5 

bears' heads . . . (erased sa.)," 1783. 

[Christopher L., not in list in Glos. N. and Q., 

i. 189.] 

LUFTOT. Cheltenham. Eleventh quartering of Lygon, 

brought in by tenth Furneval : " Or a lion 
ramp, per fess gu. and sa." [Gerard F, 

married Maud, d. and coh. of William, Lord Lovetofte.] 



326 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



{LUGG.] Stroud. 2 and 3 quartering of Stephens, 

1613 : " Gu. on a bend cottized arg. a 
bendlet wavy sa. (az.)." [Glos. Vis., 1682, 

p. 174: Henry S., of Frocester, married . . . d. and coh. 

of Edward L., co. Hereford.] 

LUNNE. Beckford. Impaled with Thornton : " Part 

per chev. (or and az.) 3 lions pass, (counter- 
changed)," 1706. [Rev. Robert T., vicar, 

married Elizabeth, d. of Lebbens L.] The same, 1718, 

impaling Harewell, 1733. [Rev. Lebbens L. married 

Elizabeth H.] 

LYGON. Cheltenham. Impaled with Dormer: "Arg. 

2 lions pass, gu.," 1678. [Catherine, d. of 
John and Elizabeth L., married Fleetwood 
D.] Atchievement of fifteen quarterings. The same. Fairfovd. 
Illustration, Roger L.'s tomb. One shield. The same, 
impaling Dennys quarterly. [Roger L. married Katherine, 
d. of Sir William D., Knt., in Wore. Vis., 1569, p. 91 ; but 
Bigland says she was d. of William D., Esq., of Pucklechurch, 
and relict of Sir Edmund Tame and Sir Walter Buckler.] 
The same, describing the illustration, to which he adds the 
date 1560. Kempley. Second shield, impaled with Pyndar, 
1721. The same. [Margaret, d. of William L. and Margaret, 
d. and h. of Thomas Corbyn, married Reginald Pyndar 
{Wore. Vis., 1682, p. 70); so this coat ought to have 
quartered Corbyn.] Leckhampton. Impaled with Norwood, 
1598. The same. \_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 118: William, here 
styled Northwood, s. of Henry N. and Catherine Throg- 
morton, married Elizabeth, d. of William L., of Madersfield, 
CO. Wore] 

? LYGON. Cromhall. In window. " Gu. 2 lioncels pass. 

arg." [This is Strange; so whether the 
shield, text, or name is the error I am unable 
to say.] 

LYNDE Meysey Hampton. 2 and 3 quartering of 
Vaulx, 1626: " Sa. a pelican arg. vulned 
ppr.," [Dr. Marshall's Wilts. Vis. says 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 327 



Vaulx came out of Cumberland and married Amita {sic) Geo. 
Line de com. Som'set et her.] 

LYON. Hinton. 2 and 3 quartering of Jason : *' Gu. 

a lion pass, guard, arg. on a canton of the 
last a cross of the first." [G. E. C. Baronets^ 

iii. 231 : Robert J., father of first Bart., married Susan, d. 

and ? h. of John L., of Holand.] 

LYSONS. Hempsted. Illustration shield, and on monu- 

ment, the last impaling ? Harris : " Gu. a 
chief az. on the latter part thereof a cloudy 
the sun's rays issuant ppr." [" Per chief az. and gu. 
on first in base a _ cloud throughout arg. on second 
issuing from chief rays of the sun, alternately plain and 
wavy or." Thomas L., not given in the ped. on 
David L.'s monument, according to Fosbrooke's Glos.,. 

i. 275, married Mary, d. of Deuxwell (Dexwell : 

" Arg. a chev. az. betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis sa."), so as no 
such Harris is known, Bigland has named the coat wrong.] 
The same, impaling Ridler. [Daniel, 1736, s. of Daniel L. and 
Ann Webb, married Elizabeth, d. of Thomas R., of Stroud.] 
The same, impaling Mee. [Daniel, 1773, of Daniel and 
Eliz. R., married Elizabeth, d. of Samuel M., of Gloucester.] 
Rodmavton. The same, impaling Peach, 1791. [Rev. Samuel 
L., rector, married Mary, d. of Samuel P., of Chalford.] West- 
huvy- on- Severn. The same, 1693. [This date on Daniel's monu- 
ment would be for Anna, but it is not in a lozenge shield.] 
LYTE. Minchin Hampton. " (Gu.) a chev. betw. 3 

swans (arg.)," Nicholas L,, gent., 1645.. 
[He does not appear in Som. peds.] 
LYTTLETON. Faivfovd. Impaled with Tracey: *'Arg. a 
chev. betw. 3 escallops sa., 1632." [Bridget,, 
d. of John L., of Franckley Court, co. Wore, 
married as his first wife Robert, second Viscount T.] 
[LYTTLETON.] Todington. Fourth shield, blazoned ped., 
impaled with Tracy : " Arg. a chev. gu. 
betw. 3 escallops ppr." [? Reading, but this 
is evidently the last marriage.] 



328 



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MACHEN. Cam. Escut. of pret. on Hoskins and 

Hill quarterly : " Gu. a fess vaire betw. 
3 pelicans' heads erased or," Lewis H. and 
Elizabeth his wife, circa 1762. Dymock. Quarterly i and 4 
with 2 and 3 [Baston] : " Gu. a chev. vairy betw. 3 pelicans' 
heads erased sa.," 1760. [This is false and wrong. Rudder, 
411, only gives this quartering, but says "fess and heads 
or"; really, Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 106, Gu. a fess vaire (vair) 
betw. 3 pelicans' heads erased or, vulning themselves (ppr., 
i.e. gu.,)."] James M., senior, and Mrs. Sarah . , . 1763 (see 
note, same Vis.^ p. no). 

[MACHEN.] Bicknov English. Named in error Tomkins : 
" Gu. a fess vair betw. 3 pelicans' heads 
erased or," 1778, impaling "Three eagles' 
heads erased." [Rudder, 288, says Edward Tomkyns M. 
is present owner ; and Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 108, note, gives 
his marriage in 1772 with Mrs. Hannah M., widow. 
[MACHIN.] Along with this is a monument to Edward, 
eldest s. of Richard M., 1733: "A spread 
eagle." ['* Az". an imperial eagle arg. 
membered gu." is Machin.j Iron Acton. 'Arms and crest: 
" Eagle displ. with two heads." [I read the crest as a 
demi double-headed eagle.] WiUiam M., 1717, and his 
first wife, Elizabeth, 1702, d. of Thomas Ridley, and 
his second wife, Elizabeth, d. of John Bampton, 3/eoman. 
Preston Ledbury. Three shields. One and two, impaled 
with Rich, 1658 : " Or an eagle displ. with two heads 
sa. charged on the breast with a fleur-de-lis arg.' 
Third. The same, impaled with Robbins, second husband. 
[Note: Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 106, just mentions her as Anne 
Robins, d. of Thomas M., of Gloster, and Christian Baston. 
Monument says Machinorum."] 

MacWILLIAMS. Hayles. Note at Guiting Temple House. 

Fifth quartering of Seymour, impaled with 
Henry VHI. : ''Parti per bend arg. and 
gu. 3 roses in bend counterchanged." [Isabel, d. and h. of 
William M., married Sir John S., of Hache, Knt.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



329. 



MADOC AP RYN. Quedgley. 2 and 3 quartering of Arnold 
impaled with Hayward : " Sa. a chev. betw. 
3 hawks' lures tassled or." \Glos. Vis., 
1623, p. 4, heads the ped. of Arnold with . . . d. of . . . 
married Sibbell, d. (it does not say h.)^ of Madock ap Eniore 
ap Thomas, but it gives the blazon in the quartering above 
as the "lures arg." Papworth says "stringed or," which 
is more likely correct.] Hempsted. 2 and 3 quartering of 
Arnold impaled with Porter, 154.8: " Sa. a chev. or betw. 

3 hawks' lures arg.," [This would be the same as the 

last.] 

MADOCKE. Havtptivy. " Az. a bend or betw. 3 boys' 
heads (arg.) with snakes round their necks 
in chief 2 and i ppr., and 3 griffins' heads 

erased in base arg.," 1657, John M., gent., alderman of 

Gloucester. 

HADDOCKS. Chivchani. The same as last, but it gives no 
tinctures, and yet finishes with " griffins' 
heads erased of the first," which is really 

wrong. Cartwright M., 1729, and Hannah his wife, 1759. 

[I cannot find them in the peds.] 

? MADOCKE. Tidenham. " Arg. a chev. betw. 3 foxes' 
heads erased sa." [Rudder, 765, gives their 
arms as this, but it is really Ludlow ; and 
Nayler gives Madocks, of Tidenham, as the Hartpury coat, 
•only with the griffins' heads "or," and a crescent " az." on 
the bend in chief for difference.] Crest : Unicorn's head 
erased [generally quite different, neither is it the Ludlow 
creaH:]. 

MADERSFIELD. Cheltenham. Third quartering of Lygon : 
" Az. on a bend or 3 bars dancette 
gu." [Brought in by Bracey, second 
quartering.] 

MALLET. Almondshivy. Third quartering of Ivy, 1630 : 

"Az. 3 escallops or." [Bigland says this 
ought not to be here, as it is his mother's 

coat, and she was not an h.] 



330 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



DE MALTON. Frampton-on-Severn. Second shield in E» 
window. " Arg. a cross voided gu. " [mar- 
shalled with Clifford]. 

[MALTRAVERS.] Matson. In manor house window. Fifth 
quartering of Willoughby, 2 and 3 quar- 
tering of FitzAllan : Arg. fretty sa." 

[Really, " Sa. fretty or, with often a label erm." Alianor, 

g.d. and coh. of first Baron M., married John F., alias 

Arundel.] 

PMALTHRAVERS. Sixth quartering of Willoughby: "Or 
a lion ramp. sa. " ; error for Welles; "Or 
a lion ramp, double queued sa." [Sir Robert 

Willoughby married Cicely, d.- of Leo, Lord Welles.] 

MANDER. Todenham. " Erm. ^ annulets interlaced in 

triangle gu.," impaling Taylor. Crest: A 
demi lion holding in his off paw a sword 

erect. [Fairbairn says " A swallow volant sa."] The same 

and crest, 1747, and the same and crest, 1723. 

[MAR.] Clifton, Bristol. 2 and 3 grand quarters of 

[Cardross], 1731. I and 4 quartering : 
*' Az. a bend. betw. 6 crosses croslet (really 

fitchy) or," , with 2 and 3 [Erskine], which see, 

impaled with [Stirling]. 

MARIET, OR Preston-upon-Avon. First atchment. QuarterK^ 

HARRIOT. ..-D A " -.u 

1, " jbarry. 01 6 or and sa., with 2, CJueries 

48; 3, Bering ; and 4 [Brawne]* Crest: 

Talbot pass. sa. collared or, standing on a knot of rope 

(? garb below) of the second. [Rudder, 637, says Thomas 

M.'s wife was Lucy Ann, and, 608, one of the ds. and 

cobs, of Sir Richard Brawne.] Second and fifth atchment. 

The same, impaling Edwards. Crest : a talbot statant sa. 

collared or on a garb fessways or. Quarterly of 16. i : The 

same as i before and the date 1709. 6, 12, and 16 quarterings 

are given as the same. [The readings of this shield give me 

the idea that it is an impaled coat, but has been read right 

through ; it most probably is the coat of John, the son of 

Thomas M., who married Jane Ingoldesby.] The same as i. 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



331 



and crest, 1719. Compton Parva. Impaled with Juxton, 
1739. The same as i. [Susanna, youngest d. of John M., of 
Stuston, CO. Suffolk, married Sir William J., Knt. and 
Bart.] 

MARISSAL. Westhnry-on-Tvim. Redfend Chapel. " Az. a^^ 
chev. betw. 3 covered cups or," 1739, impal- 
ing CossiNS and Saville quarterly. The 

same in lozenge shield, 1757. [Rudder, 803 : Nicholas M.,. 

of Edmonton, Esq., and Mary his wife, sister of Mr. C] 

MARSHE. Hempsted. Impaled with Atkins : Gu. a 

horse's head couped arg. betw. 3 crosses 
croslet fitchee or," 1594. [Elinor d. of 

Thomas M., of Wareslie, co. Hunts., married Richard A.,. 

Esq.] 

MARSTON. Norton. " (Sa.) a fess dancette (erm.) betw- 

3 fleurs-de-lis (arg.)," 1708. 
? MARTIN. Badgeivorth. Impaled with Lawrence, 1697:. 

" Frette a plain cross," query " Erm. a cross 

sa.," 1691. \_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. no: Ann 

M. married William L.] 
MARTIN. Bromesbevrow. Second quartering of Hony- 

wooD, impaled with Yate : "Arg. a chev. 

gu. charged with 3 talbots pass, of the field." 
[Agnes, d. and h. of Henry M., married John H.] 
? MARTIN. Stolid. Escut. of pret. on Chamberlayne. 

Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3, Hodges : 

" Arg. 2 bars within 3 mullets sa." [Error 
for [Doughty] : "Arg. 2 bars betw. 3 mullets of six points 
pierced sa." Burkes Landed Gent., 1853, p. 204: Rev. John 

C. married Martha, one of the three daus. cohs. of Henry 

D. , of Broadwell. This marriage is in Glos. Vis,, 1682, 
p. 39 ; but the connection with Hodges is proved by one of 
the sons of Danvers Hodges bearing the name of Danvers 
Doughty H., though I cannot find the reference.] Broadwell. 
An atchievement without inscription. 2 and 3 quartering of 
Hodges: "2 bars betw. 3 mullets." This, like the Stow one, 
is named Martyn, and therefore is an error for Doughty.] 



332 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



MARTIN. Blockley, co. Worcester. " On a bend cotised 

3 cinquefoils, in chief an annulet." I suppose 

" Arg. on a bend sa. betw. 2 cotises of the 

last and erm. 3 cinquefoils or," impaling " 2 bars betw. 3 

mullets," 1748, Elizabeth, rehct of Francis Martin, Esq., of 

Upton Old. [This looks as if this might be the cause of all 

the wrong Martins, though without tinctures it is impossible 

to say for certain, both being thought to be M.] 

? MARTIN. Westhuvy-on-Tfim. ImpalingGEERiNG, 1721-2 : 

" Az. 2 bars gu." [This is false. " Arg. 2 

bars gu." is M. I cannot find marriage.] 

[MARTIN, OR Pehworth. Hatchment. Gu. on a fess 
MARTYN.] , , , , 

engr. arg. betw. 3 swans heads erased arg. 

beaked sa. 3 mascles void (lozenges voided 

are mascles, mascles being always voided) of the third 

(really of the fourth sa. in this blazon) with escut. of pret." 

[? Bray]. Crest : Cockatrice's head or combed and wattled 

gu. [This crest was borne by Baker, of Hertfordshire.] 

Tewkesbury. Escut. of pret. on Wall, 1808, quarterly. First: 

^' Gu. on a fess betw. 3 swans' necks erased arg. ducally 

gorged of the first 3 mascles sa." [Rudder, 781, says M., 

of Pebworth, bore " Sa. on a fess or three mascles az. betw. 

as many swans' heads erased arg. gorged of the second," and 

Grazebrook, Heraldry of Wore, p. 369, gives the arms as the 

text.] Fourth quarter: "Arg. a fess engr. gu. betw. 3 

mascles sa. all within a bord. gu." [Really, " Arg. (though 

it is erm. on the Wall shield) a chev. betw. 3 mascles sa." 

(Kimber, ii. 346, says within bord. of the last") within bord. 

{Suffolk Vis., 1561, p. 52, 'engr.') gu." This is the coat of 

Martm, of Long Melford, Suffolk, and therefore goes to prove 

that the first quartering is M., but I cannot find any proof of 

these in the peds. ; no marriages of Wall with h. of M., and 

no M. and M. one; neither can I find the ?Bray, which is the 

second, or Popham, the third quartering in this shield. The 

crest in the Pebworth hatchment points to the coat being 

intended for Baker, whose arms are somewhat similar, and 

there was a double connection between the M.'s of Ham 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



333 



Court, CO. Wore, and the Bakers, of Lypiatt Park, co. Glos. ; 
so this looks rather hke a general confusion, with no references 
to prove the right.] 

? MASON. Winchcomhe. Impaled with Trotman : " Or 

3 mullets within a 'double tressure gu.," 
1787. [But I cannot find marriage or 
arms ; if the tinctures were right it would be Murray.] Yate. 
Impaling Query, 81 : " Per pale or and arg. a chev. counter- 
-changed (false) between 3 billets sa.," 1740. Crest: Stag's 
head couped sa. attired or gorged of the last. [This might 
be intended for what the Armories give as "Per pale arg. and 
sa. a chev. betw. three masons' squares all counterchanged." 
The crest has the head erased, and the gorging is a ducal 
coronet.] The same, impaling Query, 81, and the date 1729. 
[Rudder, 855, says Wilham M. and his wife, and gives the 
coat as "Party per pale or and az. a chev. counterchanged 
betw. 3 billets sa." (tliis implies that the billets are on the 
dexter pale), but I think the true blazon seems to be in 
Papworth : "Per pale arg. and sa. a chev. betw. 3 billets 
counterchanged." M., of Isle of Thanet, &c.] 
[? MASON.] ' Leclielade. Impaled with Bampton, 1773: 

"... a lion with two heads," [This 

family bore variations of " Or a lion ramp, 
with two heads az.," but I cannot find marriage.] 
MASSINGER. Pmnsivicli. " Arg. a chev. gu. betw. 3 close 
helmets sa.," 1742. [So does Rudder, 597, 
but Armories give the chev. sa.] 
MASSINGBERD. Fourteenth shield on screen. "Az. 

3 quartrefoils in chief a boar pass, or." 
[Rudder, 277 : George, first Earl Berkeley, 
married Elizabeth, d. and coh. of John M.] 
[? MASSEY.] Almondshiivy. Fourth quartering of Veele, 
1577: " Quarterly in first quarter a lion pass, 
guard." [In Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 172, this is 
given as " Quarterly or and gu. in the first quarter a lion 
pass, guard, az," [Masey] , but on p. 208, this is given as 
Sore. In the first Robert V. de Chersfeild marries Hawisia, 



334 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



d. sore and h. St. Fagon, i.e. Sore of St. Fagan's, and his g.s. 
Peter marries Cecilia, d. and h, of Massy de Charfield, so 
it looks as if Massy inherited Sore; but I think M. bore 
" Quarterly gu. and arg., may be or, and the lion pass, arg.," 
so this is most likely Sore. In the Brayne quartering it is 
brought in with Veele.] 

MASTER. Cirencester. Chapel of Jesus. Two shields. 

First: "Arg. a lion ramp, guard, gu. holding 
a rose ( . . . ) in the dex. jamb, stalked vert." 
(Here the rose and its stalk would be all vert.) \_Glos. Vis., 
xvii. p. 291. Sir J. Maclean does not give such a blazon.] 
Second : ? The same, impaling Smyth, of Nibley. [Sir J. 
Maclean says this is Smyth impaling M., which Glos. Vis., 

1682, p. 120, would corroborate, as Bridget M. married 
Thomas S.] Over monument : " Gu. a lion ramp, guard, or 
holding a rose stalked vert," 1661, Sir William M., Golden 
Knt., and his wife, Alice Estcourt, 1660. Here the field and 
lion are quite changed, but the rose is still vert. There is 
no date unfortunately to the first, but this one is given. Sir 
J. Maclean does not give this. It is curious that Mr. Carles 
in the Appendix, although he gives Sir William's monument, 
does not give the arms.] Leigh, or Lye. Impaled with 
Browne : " Gu. a lion ramp, guard, or holding a rose . . ." 

1683. Mary, d. of Sir William M., Knt., married Richard B. 
Longhope. " Lion ramp, holding a rose." [No tinctures to 
guide one. Thomas M., 1682, married Bridget . . . 1697. 
This marriage is not in any of the peds., but the Thomas 
may be a s. of William M., B.D., and Susan Yatch, really 
Yate.] Newent. " Gu. a lion ramp, guard, arg. holding a 
rose ppr.," 1687, impaling Query, 42. [Here is a different 
metal for the lion, whilst the proper of the rose may mean 
anything.] Preston (Cirencester). " Gu. a lion ramp, guard, 
or tail forked supporting betw. his paws a rose of the field 
stalked and leaved vert," 1669, impaling Fox, 1699. Also 
in lozenge shield. The same, 1607, and as first, 1728. [At 
this date the tail of the lion had become forked, but the rose 
has become false. This is earlier than the one given by 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



335 



Rudder, 360, which is " Gu. a Hon ramp, guard, his tail 
double or, holding in his paws a rose arg." No mention of 
stalked, which it certainly was.] Wotton Underedge. Impaling 
[Cornwall] : " Gu. a lion ramp, guard, arg. supporting in 
his forepaws a rose of the field leaved and barbed vert." 
[Cornwall should be on an escut. of pret., as Glos. Vis., 
1623, p. Ill, says Bridgett was d. and sole h, of John C., of 
Marlborow, Wilts.] The same as last, impaling [Fulnetby]. 
Richard M., Dr. of Physic, married Elizabeth, d. of . . . F., 
CO. Lincoln. [Le Neve's Knights, 513, gives his coat, granted 
by G. Dethick, &c., in 1568: " Gu. a lion ramp, guard, or 
supporting a rose arg. stalked vert," but the blazon in the 
Vis., 1623, says " Gu. a' lion ramp, guard, or holding in the 
paws a rose of the field [a white rose in a red (sic), surely a 
red within a white], stalked and leaved vert," whereas the 
1682 Vis. gives " Gu. a lion ramp, double queued or, in the 
paws a rose arg. slipt vert."] The same as the blazon 
impaling Cornwall, impaled with Long. [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 120: Elizabeth, 1658, d. of George M. and Bridget C, 
married secondly Sir Walter L., of Draycott, Wilts.] As 
the last, impaled with Oldisworth. [The last Elizabeth 
M. married first Edward O., of this parish.] 
[MASTER.] Stonehotise. Marshalled on the sinister side 

with Smith : " A lion guard. . . , holding 
in his dext. paw a rose . . .'' whilst 
Fowler is on the dexter side. \^Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 120, 
gives Thomas S., of Stonehouse, marriage with Bridget 
and on page 172 his first marriage with Mary F.] 
? MATHEW. Thovnhiry. Impaling Weare, 1781 : " Sa. 

a lion ramp, or." Really, " Or. a lion 
ramp, sa.," 1788. [Edward M. married 
Susanna W.] 2 and 3 quartering of Salmon, 1793: "Arg. 
a lion ramp, sa." [This is M., but it is an error for 
Stokes, as I read it in 1899 "Arg. a lion ramp, double 
queued sa.," which really is " Sa. a lion ramp, double 
queued erm." I cannot find marriage, but a son is called 
Thomas Stokes Salmon."] Wheatenhurst. Two shields in 



336 



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E. window. "Sa. a lion ramp, or," [I doubt this 

being the first coat attributed to M., and think it must 
belong to one of the many famihes bearing it.] 
[MATHEW.] Tovtwovth. First shield in window, mar- 
shalled with Veel : " Az. a lion ramp, arg.," 
given as Mouthalt. [This is given in 
Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 162, where it is the eighth and Veel the 
ninth quarterings of Throgmorton as Mathew ; so as 
William T. married Margaret, d. and h. of Sir David M., 
of Rayder, and Alice, d. and h. of Robert V., married 
David M., of Rayder, Knt., I think it more likely to be 
inherited by M. from Welsh ancestors.] Eight4i quartering 
of Throkmorton : " Arg. a lion ramp, sa.," given as 
Keyneston. [Here it is the same quartering as in the 
Vis., Throgmorton with Veel the ninth, so I think, as this 
is a truer M. coat, that it is intended for the same person.] 
Wotton Underedge. Sixth quartering of Baynham, 1667 • 

" Sa. a lion ramp, arg.," [This is marshalled with 

Veel, and this blazon is quite as common as its reverse, 
so I cannot help thinking that the " az." field in the glass 
at Tortworth is faded " sa."] 

? MATTHEWS. Tovtwovth. " Sa. a lion ramp. arg. crowned 
or," 1 761. [This is reall}^ Segrave, and 
without the " crowned or " would be 

Mathew]; but it bears an escut. of pret., " Gu. 3 fishes 

fessways in pale arg.," which in the next is named M. 

The same as the last, impaled with Lapley, 1756. [I cannot 

find any M. bearing this coat ; it is more likely to be Roche. 

Unfortunately I cannot find Lapley family or their arms, so 

as to prove anything.] 

MAUDUIT. Down Ampney. Fifteenth quartering of 

Hungerford, brought in by the eleventh 
MoLEYNS : Az. (generally gu.) three pales 
dancette or." [Aubrey and Jackson give this as *' Or 3 pales 
wavy gu.," and say that ^gidia, h. of John, Lord M., 
married Sir John de Molines, but the coat is more likely to 
be Molines.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



337 



MAXWELL. Tewkesbury . Impaled with Fowke, i8i8 r: 
*'Arg. a saltier sa. in chief and in base 
{i.e. betw.) a crescent of the second within 

bord. gu." [These are the arms given by Rudder, 781, to 

George M., of Twining.] 

[MAXWELL.] Twining. Impaled witfi Hancock : " Arg.. 

on a saltire sa. an annulet or stoned az. {i.e.. 

a gem ring), in base a crescent." Fosbrooke's- 
Glos., ii. 293, says this should be reversed, viz. M. impaling 
H., as Ann, d. of Peter H., 1776, married George M., Esq.;: 
she was also a coh., so it ought to be on an escut. of pret.] 
Crest (this is M.'s, so it looks as if error in text): A dexter 
hand holding an eagle's neck with head couped. 
MAY. Campden. Impaled with Hickes, 1629 : 

" Gu. a fess betw. 8 billets or." [" Borne of 

the family of the M.'s," G. E. C, ii. 131. 
Elizabeth, sister of Sir Humphrey and d. of Richard M., of 
London.] 

MAYNARD. Westbtivy-ou-Sevevn. Impaled with Colches- 
ter : " Arg. 3 sinister hands coupt at the 
wrist gu.," 1681. The same, impaled with 
Colchester, 1694. [Rudder, 794: Duncumb C, Golden^ 
Knt., married Elizabeth, d. of John M., Golden Knt.] 
MEE. Hempsted. Second shield, impaled with 

Lysons : " (Gu.) a chev. (erm.) betw. 3 
goats' heads erased (arg. attired or)."" 
[Papworth says Bigland gives the tinctures, but it is not 
so. However, the Herald and Genealogist, iii. 410, in Lord 
Palmerston's ped. does, and also Elizabeth's marriage with 
Daniel L., of Hempsted Court.] 

MELTON. Bishofs Cleeve. Third and fourth shields of 

remains from Hayles Abbey. Rebus : MEL. 
and a tun, and the same with Pontificals- 
Abbot M. 

MENSEIR. Mickleton. Two second quarterings of Graves, 

1616, and shield alongside: "Vert 2 grey- 
hounds (at present more like lions or talbots) 



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currant arg. on a chief or 3 fleurs-de-lis gu." [I have not 
been able to find any reference to this family or arms ; monu- 
ment says John Graves married the d. and h. of M.] 

MERCERS' Pveston-iLpon-Avon. Third shield in window. 

COMPANY. ^ ^ , . . . . . • , 11 ^ 

" (jru. a demi virgm her hair dishevelled 

crowned issuing out of and within an orle of 

clouds all proper." [For the full blazon she is besides 

vested or crowned with an Eastern one, and wreathed round 

the temples with roses.] 

[MEREDETH ] Marshfield, ? " (Az.) a lion ramp, (or)." Jo. 

. . . M., 1641. [Atkyns and Nayler blazon 
Meredith, of Mangotsfield : "Arg. a lion 

ramp, (really sa.) gorged and chain reflex over back or."] 

[MERLEY.] Mickleton. Fifth quartering of Fisher: 

" Barry of 10 arg. and gu. within a bord. az. 
charged with 10 martlets or." [William 

Greystock, the seventh quartering, married Mary, eld. d. and 

coh. of Roger de M.] 

MEUX. Hartpiiyy. Impaled with Compton, 1641 : 

" Paly of 6 arg. and az. on a chief gu. 3 
crosses pattee or." [William C, Esq,, Lord 
of Hartpury, married Elinor, 1631, d. of Sir John M., Knt.] 
MICHELL. Harescombe. "Az. 3 leopards' faces or a chief 

embat. erm.." 1694, Charles M. The same, 
. 1689, impaling Roberts. [This is James, 
juu. ; it was his father, James M., who married first Margaret, 
d. of Thomas R.] Marshfield. Impaling [? Lee] , 1786 : " Sa. 
a chev. or betw. 3 escallops arg.," 1779. [Rev. Lancelot M., 
vicar of the parish in Rudder's time, and Elizabeth his wife.] 
[MICHELL.] Teivhshitry. Impaled with Bridges : " . . . 

3 leopards' heads cabossed ... a chief 
crenellee erm.," 1731. The same, 1713, im- 
paled with [Kemble], 1707. [I cannot find these marriages.] 
MIDDLETON. Fvainpton-2ipon-Severn. Twelfth quartering 
of Bell, escut. of pret. on Winchcombe, 
1766: "Vert, a chev. betw. 3 wolves' heads 
erased arg." [Brought in by Harewell, the eighth quartering.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



339 



/[MILBORNE.] Notgvove. First of three shields, impaled 
with Whittington : " . . . (gu., Rudder 
says arg.) a chev. (erm., Glos. Vis., 1623, 
p. 269 ; arg., Essex Vis.) betw. 3 escallops . . . (arg.)." 
John W., of Pauntley, married Elizabeth, d. and coh. of 
Simon M. Pauntley. Fifth shield in window, impaled 
with Whittington: "Gu. a chev. betw. 3 escallops arg." 
MILBORN(E), Frampton Cottevsl. Third atchievement. 

" Arg. a cross moline (quarter pierced) sa. 
in dex. chief point a mullet gu.," with escut. 
of pret., Browne quartering Kemys. [Clayton M. married 
Mary, d. and h. of Robert B. and Ann K.] 
MILLS. Miserden. In Mills' Chapel. Impaling 

? [Sheppard] : " Barry of 10 arg. and vert, 
over all 6 escocheons gu." [Monument has 
parallel columns of inscriptions — on one side, William M., 
1724., and Sarah, 1761 ; the other, Eliza, 1746, wife of 
William M., and WiUiam M., 1776, aged 82. Sarah is 
stated to be a mother, so I suppose the impaled coat is 
. hers.] In lozenge shield. The same, 1775 and 1782. 
[Esther and Maria, ds. of William and Sarah M.] 

? MILLS. Bisley. " Two saltires in pale," (Rudder, 

293: "Erm. 2 saltires in pale sa."). [An error in blazon; 
really, " Erm. a millrind in pale sa.," the shape of it 
resembling two saltires somewhat.] Crest : Lion ramp. (or). 
John M., 171 8, and Hester his wife, 1701. Farmington. First 
atchievement: " Sa. a chev. or betw. 3 snaffles arg.," error 
for [Milner] impaling ? [Edwards]. 

[MILNER.] Farmington. See last paragraph, correcting 

error. 

MINSHULL. Clifton, Bristol. " Sa (really az.) an estoile 
issuant from a crescent arg. in chief a mullet 
of the last (for diff.)," Margaret, 1732, 

third d. of Francis M., who died 1776. 

[MINTERNE.j Tewkesbury. " Az. 2 bars arg. betw. 3 lions 

pass, in pale or," , 1656. [Dyde, 68 : 

Frances, eldest d. of Henry M., Esq.] 
24 

Vol. XXVIII. 



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MITCHEL. Randwick. " Az. 3 leopards' faces or and a 

chief embat. erm.," 1758. [This is the same 
as MiCHELL. Glos. N. and Q., i. 145: James 

M., gent., Lord of Randwick.] 

MOELS. Down Ampney. Fifth quartering of Hunger- 

ford: "Arg. 2 bars gu. in chief 3 torteauxes." 
[Brought in by Botreaux fourth quar- 
tering, as Isabel, d. and coh. of fourth Baron M., married Lord 
B., and their g.g.d. Margaret married Sir Robert H., Knt.] 
MOHUN. Hill, or Hull. Sixth quartering of Fust,, 

1779- (Quarterly) i and 4: " Gu. a dexter 
arm embowed (fessways) covered with a 
maunch erm. holding (in hand arg.) a fleur-de-lis or," with 2 
and 3, Hyde. [Sir Edward F. married secondly Elizabeth,, 
d. and h. of William M., of Portishead, co. Someret ; but I 
cannot find M. H. marriage.] 

PMOLINEUX. Dyvham. Fourth shield in M.S. of John 

Smyth, of Nibley . " Az. a cross moline or." 

[I think this is Brune or, Glos. Vis., 1623,, 

p. 50, Bruyne, where Isabella married Maurice Russell, as this 

coat comes into the Dennys Gorges shield], and the tenth 

shield, without blazon, is named Moleyneux or Moleyns. 

[Quite different blazons, and not to be confounded.] 

MOLLINS OR Clifford Chambers. Fourth quartering of 
MOLEYNS. ^ u- f 

Kaynesford, 1632 : " ba. on a chiei arg. 3. 

lozenges gu." [Brought in with Wylly- 
COTES, second and third quarterings. Oxford Vis., p. 166,, 
says . . . Willicotes married h. of M.] Down Ampney. 
Window in house, impaled with Hungerford and 
Heytesbury, quarterly : " Paly wav}^ of 6 or and gu." 
\_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 89: Robert, Lord H., married EUinor 
d. and h. of Willam, Lord M.] And eleventh without blazon, 
with twelfth, " Sa. on a chief arg. 3 lozenges gu." Dyvhanu 
See ? MoLiNEUX, where it is an alternative. 
MONO(U)X. Cirencester. Ninth shield in Jesus Chapel. 

" Arg. on a chev. sa. betw. 3 oak leaves ppr. 

as many bezants on a chief gu. a sea-shell 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



34r 



(curious error for the bird called seamew) betw. 2 anchors 
erect of the first." [Glos. Trans., xvii., pp. 291, 293, Sir 
J. Maclean says the anchors are or, but most probably the 
bird was arg.] In St. John's Chapel. Two shields. First,, 
as last, only the bird and anchors are of the field, and the 
bird is a martlet, 1638, impaling Perry." George M. and his 
wife. Second, the same, impaled with [Newman]. Sir J. 
Maclean, Neuman. 

MONTAGU. Dyrham. M.S. of John Smyth, of Nibley.. 

Fourth shield. " Arg. 3 lozenges conjoined 
in fess gu." 

? MONTHALT. ToHivorth. See (?) Mathew, Tortworth.. 

Glass in window. First shield. " Az. a lion 
ramp, arg." The same, third quartering of 
Throkmorton, 1568. 
[MORE.] Tainton. 2 and 3 quarterings of Pury, 1688: 

"... a chev. . . . betw. 3 cocks," 

[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 140: "Arg. a chev. 
engr. sa. betw. 3 cocks gu. (moorcocks sa.) armed or (combed 
and wattled gu.)." Thomas P. married Maud, d. and h. of 
William A'More, of Cokeham, Berks.] The same, 1693,, 
impaling Kyrle. [Thomas P. married Barbara, 1688, d. 
of James K., of Walford, co. Hereford.] 

[MOORE.] Naunton. On atchievement in chanceL 
" Arg. 2 bars betw. 9 martlets 3 and 3 (and 3) 
sa.," , with impalement, [Query 

Collet, as a William M. held the manor in right of his 

marriage with the heiress of C] 

MORETON. Tortworth. First of four atchments. Quar- 
terly I and 4 : " Arg. a chev. gu. betw. 
3 square buckles sa.," with escut. of pret.^ 
Prestwich. Crest : A demi moorcock rising ppr., combed 
and wattled gu. Supporters : Two unicorns arg. armed and 
hoofed or and gorged with a collar per pale or and gu. 
Ensigned with Baron's coronet. Motto : " Perseverando." 
[Matthew Ducie M., 1735, first Lord Ducie, married 
Arabella, 1749, d. and coh. of Sir Thomas P., Bart.] Second. 



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First quartering with Ducie, Hardy, and Prestwich, with 
supporters, coronet, &c. No date. Third. The same as 
last, impaling Ramsden. [Thomas Reynolds, 1785, second 
Baron D., assumed the name and arms of M. and married 
Margaret, d. of Sir John R., Bart., co. York.] Fourth, As 
second, with escut. of pret., Purvis. [Francis, third Baron, 
married first Mary, d. of Thomas P. G. E. C. says Provis 
(which is, I beheve, right), of Shepton Mallet, Somerset ; 
whilst in lozenge shield adjoining, Child impaling Joddrell, 
is shown his second wife, Sarah J., widow of Robert C] 
The same as the first atchment, 1735. 

;£? MORETON.] CvomhalL In E. window. " krg. on a chev. 

sa. 3 round buckles or," [Query intended 

for M.]. 

? MORGAN. Fairfovd. Impaling ? Avery, really [Tir- 
rell], 1715 : "Or a gryphon segreant sa." 
[Edmund M. married Mary, d. of Avery 
TirrelL] Quarterly i and 4. The same, 1754, with 2 and 3, 
Savery. Charles M. and his wife Elizabeth, 1772. [No S. 
ped. gives this Morgan marriage, but, being quartered, I 
suppose it is a previous marriage, and not this Elizabeth. 
But Rudder, 443, partially explains the matter. He says 
Walter M. married Elizabeth Betterton, and had a s. 
Edmond, who married Mary, d. and h. of Robert Savory, 
of Hannington, a family which resided in that place from the 
time of King John. I imagine the H. to be near Cricklade, 
in Wilts. ; but I can find no reference to the family. How- 
ever, we have a Savory bearing a Savery coat, and, what is 
more remarkable, the M. arms are given by Atkyns, Nayler, 
and Rudder as " Sa. a chev. between 3 spears' heads arg.," 
and this of a family sprung from Monmouthshire, though 
Bigland, in his plate of Fairford shields, gives the arms as 
in the text.] 

MORGAN. Hampnett. Stowel Chapel. On a lozenge 

shield. " Or (may be arg.) a griffin segreant 
sa.," 1712. [Mrs. Anne, a spinster, d. of 

Sir Edward M., Bart., and Mary Baskerville.] Michhton. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



345 



Fifth shield on dexter side of Graves, i6i6: " Sa. a chev^ 
betw. 3 pheons (spearheads) arg. (and in chief a mullet for 
diff.)." The same, quarterly with Brayne, on escut. of pret. 
on Graves, i6i6, and the same quarterl}^ with Graves, 1729. 
[Rudder, 547 : Richard, s. of Samuel G. and Susan Swann,, 
married Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Capt. Thomas M. and 
Elizabeth B.] Stowell. This place is the same as the 
Stowell Chapel in Hampnett, but the shield is said to be 
gone. Westhiry -on-Trim. First and second quarterings, with 
3 [Jastyn ap Gwrgant] and 4, Jennings. First : " Arg. a 
dragon's head (and neck) erased vert holding in mouth a 
sinister hand gu.," 1780. Second: " Gu. 3 castles (towers 
2 and I arg.)." [Both Welsh coats. Rudder gives a John 
M. as a benefactor.] 

[MORGAN.] Barrington Magna, 2 and 3 quartering of 

Bray : Or a gryphon segreant az." (? faded 
"sa."j. [Rudder, 263, in Bray ped., says 
Edmond, fourth s. of Sir Giles B., married Frances, d.. 
and h. of Sir John M., of Lantarnam.] Meysey Hampton. 
"(Arg., may be or) a griffin segreant (sa.)," Henry, 1754, 
of Henry and Elizabeth M., co. Oxford. Wotton Underedge.. 
Two shields on each, third quartering of Oldisworth, the 

second dated 1674 : " A griffin segreant sa.," [There is 

nothing in the O. ped. in Visitations to guide one.] 

? MORING. Saperton. Quarterly "... 3 lions ramp. 

... a mullet," 1584. [Moring arms are 
quite different. Morin, of Nottingham, bore 
a quarterly coat, but of four quarters, whereas this looks 
like the field being quarterly.] 

? MORRICE. Lechelade. Impaled with Bathurst, 1674.. 

"... a chev. betw. 3 talbots." [Rudder, 
520, says greyhounds, and supposed to be 
for his second wife Morris. No such M. seems to be known,, 
but G. E. C. Baronetage^ ii. 238, says Sir Edward B., first 

Bart., married thirdly Dorothy, d. of Nash, of co.. 

Wore. ; so this is Nash : "Vert, a chev. betw. 3 greyhounds, 
courant arg."] 



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MORSE. Cam. Impaling Holder, 1784 and 1764: 

(Arg.) a battle-axe (gu.) betw. 3 pellets," 
1770 and 1781. Nicholas, senior, and Ann 
his wife, and Thomas M. arid Mary his wife. [Not in 
Visitations; an earlier Nicholas was disclaimed.] King's 
Stanley. Impaled with Paul, 1724 : "Arg. a battle-axe erect 
gu. betw. 3 pelletts sa. (!)," 1737. [Rudder, 684 : Susanna, 
wife of Obadiah P.] Stone. The same as the last, without 
the "sa.," 1728, impaling ? [Wilkins]. [Rudder, 700, does 
not give the monument, but says a Mr. M. left money to 
endow a curate.] 

? MORSE. Aiive. " Bend ingrailed betw. 3 gryphons* 
heads erased," [There being no tinc- 
tures, it is impossible to trace this coat; 
but the monument says the Rev. Jackman M., 1765, and 
Anne his wife. He was vicar of the parish; but the arms 
are neither Jackman nor M.] Henhuvy. 2 and 3 quartering 

ofAsTRY: "... 3 croslets on a chief . . . 3 escallops," 

[Monument. Rudder, 496, where he does not give these 
■quarterings, says Sir Samuel A., Knt., 1704, married 
Elizabeth, d. and h. of George M., of Henbury.] Neivent, 
^' . . . a bend engr. . . . betw. 3 griffins' heads erased," 

, 1759. [This is evidently the same as the Awre coat, 

but here again no tinctures. Monument says Edvv^ard M., 
mercer, of this town, and Jane, 1779, his wife.] Stapleton. 
Arg. (on) 2 bars sa. (3 cross croslets fitche of the first) on 

a chief of the second 3 escallops of the field," Sixth 

quartering of Smyth, 1800, brought in by Astry, the fifth. 
[So this gives the tinctures partially of the Henbury one, 
and proves it to be intended for M.; but it does not find a 
place in the Armories, though one would think it had been 
granted.] 

MORTIMER. Bisley. Outside on the church battlements, 
but no blazon. Cirencester. Third quartering 
with Burgh, the second Bigland, Bigod, and 

I and 4, England. No blazon. [But Sir J. Maclean, Glos. 

Trans, xvii. 294, gives the bla..on as " Barry of 6 or and az. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



345 



an inescutcheon arg. on a chief of the second two pallets 
betw. 2 gyronnies of the first." As his engraved plate 
is not tinctured, the position of the ^gyrons cannot be 
determined, but the inescutcheon is certainly too small, 
and should join on the chief line the two palets ; the 
variations of this coat are great, but one of the chief 
points is the question whether it has a chief, since 
in many cases the first bar is on the chief line, 
when it would be " Az. 3 bars, and the palets and 
gyrons in chief or." Also the position of the gyrons varies; 
in the older coats they are based on the palets, not on the 
bar, and the palets vary in number from one to three. This 
is the coat of Richard Plantagenet, who married Anne M.] 
Deevlmvst. Impaling Stratford, 1682: ''Barry of 6 or and 
az. an inescutcheon erm. on a chief of the first 3 palletts 
betw. two gyronnies of the second," 1683. Roger M. 
married Elizabeth S. [Here we have another variation; 
the inescutcheon is erm., which originated at Wigmore, 
CO. Hereford, the chief is or, and the palets are three.] 
The same, impaling Baghott, 1680. Elizabeth, wife of 
Edmund M. 

MOSTLEY. Painswick. Impaling [Crossley] (Sa.) on a 

chev. betw. 3 pickaxes (arg.) 3 mullets (gu.)," 
1769. [Really Moseley.] Crest : Eagle 

displ. (erm.). [Glos. N. and Q., i. 181 : Lieutenant John 

Moseley and his wife Elizabeth C] 

MQULTON. Todenham. Impaling Spencer, 1604: "Barry 

of 6 arg. and gu. (on the three first colours) 

(^5«VJ 7 escallops sa. 3.2.2.," 1614. [Generally 

"Arg. 3 bars gu. betw. 8 escallops 3.2.2.1. sa." Glos. Vis., 

1682, p. 157, says Mihicent, d. of William M., of Todenham.] 

[MOUNTENEY, Rendcomh. 2 and s quartering of Termye, 
OR MULTNEY.] ^ . u^ u a 

1629, given as (?) Tempest : "Arg. a bend 

betw. 6 martlets sa." [Really, Norfolk Vis., 

p. 172, " Gu. a bend betw. 6 martlets or," which is the 

marriage of John J., of Metfeld, co. Suffolk, Esq., with 

Margery, d. of Arnold de M., circa Hen. VI.] Also the 



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same, impaled with Berkeley quarterly. [Rudder, 623 : 
Sir Ry. B., Knt., married secondly Elinor J., widow of 
Robert Roe.] 

MOWBRAY. Berkeley. Third shield on screen. "Gu. a 
lion ramp, arg." [G. E. C, i. 330: James 
Berkeley, "the Just," married Isabel, first d. 
of Thomas de Mowbray, Duke of Norfolk, and widow of 
Henry Ferrers.] Dyrham. Second quartering of Berkeley, 
impaled with Dennys, quarterly ; no blazon, but as last. 
Hardzmcke. First shield in note of William., Marquis of 
Berkeley; no blazon as before. Fourth quartering of B. 
Preface. Fourth quartering of Charles Howard, Duke of 
Norfolk, on achievement, as before. 

[MOWBRAY.] Berkeley. Third quartering of Berkeley : 
" Gu. a lion ramp, arg.," unnamed. Tethiry. 
On W. side of church outside. "... a lion 

ramp. . . ." Thovnhury. Fourth quartering of Howard on two- 

atchments: "Gu. a lion ramp, arg,," named in error Warren. 

[PMURTFORD.] Hempsted. Impaled with Gregory, 1678: 

" Sa. a lion ramp, arg.," [G/cs. F^'s., 1682, 

p. 77 : John G., second rector of the parish 

and Archdeacon of Gloucester, married Elizabeth, d. of 

Nicholas Murtford, of Yarmouth, co. Norfolk. Papworth 

says Maithiard. 

MUSGRAVE. Tewkesbury. The marshalling of this coat is 
confused ; it should read, i and 4 grand 
quarters, quarterly Graham, 1852, and 

Stuart, 2 and 3 grand quarters: " Az. 6 annulets 3.2.1. arg. 

(really or)," with Bart.'s inescutcheon, impaling Young. 

[Richard G., the first Bart, of Esk, co. Cumberland, married 

Catherine, d. and coh. of Sir Thomas M., of Cumcatch, co. 

Cumberland.] 

NASH. Tewkesbury. Impaled with Popham : " Vert 

a chev. betw. 3 greyhounds courant arg.," 
1745. [Dyde, p. 71, says 1775, and that 

it was to Mrs. Dorothy, wife of Edward P., of Tewkesbury 

Lodge. He died i753-] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



347 



? NASH, Awre. Impaled with Jones, 1755: "A 

greyhound trippant," 1721. [Unless defaced, 
possibly the crest of N., as the first inscrip- 
tion is to Mary, d. of Mr. Anselm N., and wife of Joseph J. ; 
but the third one mentions his second Wife Margaret, d. of 
John Trippet, whilst another monument gives^this blazon 
over Richard Trippet. The T.'s bore, according to the 
Armories, "Vert a lamb pass, with three heads guard, and 
reguard. arg.," so there seems to be some confusion 
here.] 

[NASH.] Lechlade. Impaled \\ith Bathurst, 1674. 

Named in error ? Morrice. Rudder, 520, 
says greyhounds. Dorothy N. was his third 
wife. 

NEAST. Tivining. Impaling Bridges : " Arg. 2 lions' 

gambs erased and in saltire gu.," 1688. 
[_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 125, says Nest, and 

Thomas N. married in 1687 Mrs. Anne B., of the Mythe.J 

Also the same, 1632. [There is no date so early in the Vis. ; 

possibly it might be the William that heads the ped. Rudder, 

782, only gives the first.] 

NELMES. Wotton Underedge. " Or 3 elm trees ppr.,"' 

• 1742. [Not in Armories, but Rudder, 281,, 
says there are memorials to the Nelmes, of 
Breadstone, and their arms, " 3 elm trees."] Berkeley, 
"Three elm trees eradicated," 1714, William, of Bristol, 
eld. s. of John N., Esq.; and below, "Three elm leaves," 
1719, John N., of Breadstone, Esq. Two others with 
arms as before (it does not say which of the two), 1734,. 
Samuel, son of John N.; and 1753, Susanna, d. of John N. 
and Mary his wife. 

NELTHORPE. Tiirkdean. Atchment. Impaling Coxwell : 
Arg. on pale sa. a sword erect point 
upwards arg. hilted or." '[Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 52 : Sir Montague N., Bart., ob. 1772, married Elizabeth^ 
d. and h. of Henry Coxwell, of Turkdeane ; this should have, 
been on an escut. of pret.] 



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NEVILL. Sudeley. Two shields. Impaling Parr and 

Rous quarterly : " Gu. a saltire arg. charged 
with an annulet sa." [Catherine Parr 

married secondly John N., Lord Latimer.] 

[NEVILL.] Norton. Over chapel in house door. " (Gu.) 

a saltire (arg.) charged in the centre with 
two annulets braced (of the field)." [Robert 

N., Bishop of Salisbury, 1427-37.] 

NEVILLE. DtimUeton. Impaled with Cocks: "Gu. a 

saltire arg. charged in the centre with a 
rose of the first," 1723, Lady Francis C, 

fifth and youngest d. of Col. Richard N., of Billingsbear, 

Berks. 

NEVYLLE. Cirencester. Fourth shield, i and 4 quarters 

with 2 and 3, France and England; but 
Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 310, second 

shield in W. window, says impaled with France and England 

quarterly : " Gu. a saltire arg.," Richard N., Earl of 

Salisbury. 

NEWBURGH. Fairford. On tower. No blazon. [Rudder, 
444: On S. side, "Cheeky bearing chev.," 
i.e. " Chequy or and az. a chev. erm."] 
NEWLAND. Painsivick. Impaling Query, 46 : " A. (arg.) 

on a chev. betw. 3 lions ramp, (generally 
tails forked and crowned or) S. (sa.) 3 
crescents of t lie first," 1721. Crest: Wolf's head erased, 
collared (Fairbairn, co. Herts: Heraldic tiger's head erased 
arg. maned and tufted or gorged with a collar sa ), charged 
with (3) crescents (of the first), holding in the mouth (a 
broken) spear (embrued ppr.). \_Glos. N. and Q., i. 181 : 
George N., merchant.] The same, 1791, impaling [De la 
Warr]. [Glos. N. and 0., i. 181: George N., Esq.; but I 
cannot find marriage.] 

NEWMAN. Bishop's Cleeve. Eighth quartering of De la 

Bere : " Az. a fess unde betw. 6 dolphins 
nayant arg." Also the same, i and 4 

quartering with 2 and 3 Query, 16, impaled with De la 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



349 



Bere, 1635. [The only traces I can find are on the monu- 
ment, which was erected by Margaret, d. of John N., of 
BiUington, co. Wore, rehct of Richard de la Bere, of 
Southam. Rudder says he was an Esq.^ and Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 56, says Richard, second s. of Kennard de la B. and 
Elizabeth Huddlestone, married Margaret, d. and h. of . . . 
Newman, but he died s.p. 1637; so I think it may be 
Richard, second s. of John de la B. and Sibill Scudamore, 
the last's cousin, who also died sans issue, that married 
Margaret. The Newmans are stated to be of Staffordshire, 
but they are not in that Visitation.] 

[NEWMAN.] Cirencester. Second shield in S. John's 
Chapel, impaling Monox: "Vert (Armories, 
az.) a chev. undy betw. 3 griffins segreant 

or," [Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 293, says 

Neuman, and gives the coat as "Vert a chev. wav}^ betw. 
3 griffins (queue) fourchee ramp, (segreant) or." The Armories 
do not give it, so very likely a repaint.] Thornhury. " Quar- 
terly sa. and arg. in the first and fourth quarters 3 mulletts 

of the second," , 1646. [The augmentation inescutcheon 

is on it now : " Gu. a portcullis regally crowned or."] Crest : 
A swallow volant (ppr.). [Rudder, 759 : Jane, d. of Richard 
N., gent., and wife of John Baker, gent. ; so this is his, not 
her coat.] 

,[NEWMAECH.] Prinknash. Fourth quartering of Dennis, 
brought in with third [Russell] : " A. (arg.) 
4 lozenges (fusils) in fess G. (gu.)." [Glos. 
Vis., 1623, p. 50: Rad'us R. married Issabell, d. and h. of 

James Newmarshe.] 

NEWPORT. Quenington. Impaled with Powle : "Arg. a 
chev. gu. betw. 3 leopards' faces sa.," 1672, 
Richard, Lord Newport. [Rudder, 618 : 

Elizabeth, d. of N., of High Ercall, and wife of Henry P., 

Esq.] 

NEWTON. Bitton. Quarterly i and 4: "Arg. on a 

chev. az. 3 garbs or." 2 and 3: "Arg. (error 
for sa.) 2 thigh-bones in saltire sa. (error for 



350 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



arg.)." [Both N., because the first Bart., John, left his estate 
and title, dying s.p., to another N., co. Lincoln, who bore the 
shin-bones ; so it is quarterly by inheritance, not marriage. 
This is the successor to the first, another Sir John, 1699, 
married Mary Eyre.] On a lozenge shield, impaled with 
Stringer, but only the Lincoln shin-bones, 1694. [Elizabeth, 
d. of Sir John N. and Mary Eyre, married Francis S., co. 
Northumberland.] On lozenge shield, quarterly as the first, - 
1712. Dame Mary [Eyre] . 

NICHOLAS. Stratton. Three shields. First : Arg. on 
a chev. betw. 3 ravens sa. 2 lions combatant 
or," 1638. {Armoyies, " field or, lions arg." ; 
Glos. Vis., both " arg.") Crest : A raven close ppr. Second : 
The same, impaling Audley, first wife. Third : The same, 
impaling Strange, second wife. [Only the first marriage is 
in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 117; but Rudder, 710, says Thomas N., 
lord of the manor, married secondly Bridget, d. of Michael 
S., of Somerford, Esq.] 

NOEL. Badminton. Impaled with Beaufort: 

" Topaz (or) fretty ruby (gu.) a canton 
erm.,'' 1709. [Henry Somerset, second Duke, 
married secondly Lady Rachel N., second d. and coh. of 
Wriothesley Baptist, Earl of Gainsborough.] Berkeley. 
Impaled with Berkeley, 1710. The same as last. [Charles, 
second Earl B., married Elizabeth, 1719, d. of Baptist N., 
third Viscount Campden.] Canipden Chapel. Second banner. 
First quartering : The same, with Hopton and the Shrop- 
shire families. [Shropshire Vis., 1623, p. 257 : Elizabeth, d. 
and h. of John Hopton, married secondly Andreae Noell, of 
CO. Leic] Four shields on monument. First : The same, 
impaling Hickes. [Edward N., 1643, second Viscount C, 
married Juliana, 1680, eldest d. and coh. of Baptist H., 
Viscount C] Also duplicate of the second banner above, 
and on the pediment the N. arms and supporters (" Two bulls 
arg. armed and unguled ppr.";. On lozenge shield. The 
second banner, 1623, Lady Penelope N., spinster. Also the 
first, impaling Fielding, 1636. [Baptist N., third Viscount 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



351 



C, married first Lady Anne F., d. of William, Earl 
Denbeigh.] 

NORBORNE. Stohe Giffavd. Escut. of pret. on Berkeley, 
1736 : " Erm. a fess nebulle gu. on a canton 
of the last a ducal crown or." [John Symes 
B. married secondly Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Walter N.] 
[PNORBURYE.j Stanton. Fourth shield in chancel E. 

window : " Sa. on a chev. betw. 3 bulls' 

heads arg. a fleur-de-lis (? of the first)," 

[NORTHCOTE.] Ebrington. Second quartering of Granville, 
impaled with Fortescue : "Arg. 3 crosses 
croslet in bend sa." 
NORWOOD. Bishop's Cleeve. " Erm. a cross engr. gu.," 
171 1, Catherine N. marshalled with Chet- 
wiND. Leckhampton. The same, impaling 
Lygon, 1598. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 118: William N. married 
Elizabeth, d. of William L., of Madersfield, co. Wore. This 
family is there called Northwood, but on monuments N.; but 
a family of N. in the same Vis., p. 240, of Broadway, bear 
the same arms.] The same, William N., Esq., 1632, and 
Henry, 1689, youngest s. of Henry N. The same, with 
escut. of pret.. Palmer. William N., Esq., 1764. [Monument 
erected by Anne, his relict ; most probably he was second s. 
of Francis N.] 

?NORWOODE. Badgwovth. "Cross Calvary within bord." 

Only remaining inscription. 
NOTT. North Cevney. Impaled with Rich, 1704-5: 

'* Az. on a bend betw. 3 leopards' faces or as 
many martlets gu." [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 144: 
Thomas R., of this parish, married secondty Susanna, 
d. of Edward N., of Breydon (Bigland, Bradon), Wilts.] 
[NOTT.] Henhiry. Impaled with Sandford, 1756: 

" Az. a bend betw. 3 leopards' faces or," 

[Monument says Robert S. descended 

from those of Sandford Hall, Shropshire, but he does not 
come into the Landed Gentry pedigree, so I cannot prove 
marriage.] 



352 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



NOURSE. Lea. Impaled with Gregory: "(Gu.) a fess- 

betw. 2 chevs. (arg.)," 172-. [Monument 
says . . . wife of Robert G., and d. of John 
ISl. and Ann his wife, of co. Hereford. Burke's Land. Gent.y 
1853, gives two Johns, father and son, marrying Gregorys, 
but not a G. and N. marriage ; but his wife Ann was the d. 
of John Smyth, of Nibley.] The same, 1742, impahng 
[Garnons] , 1769. PhiUp N. married Mary, d. of Wihiam 
G., of Trelough, Esq. Longhope. The same, without tinctures,. 
1675, Thomas N. [There is a Thomas Nurse in Glos, Vis.^ 
1623, p. I, marrying Ahce Acton; it might be he, but the 
age is not given on the monument.] Matson. Impaled with 
Selwyn. Proper blazon, 1715-16. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 162:. 
William S., 1679, married Margaret, d. of Edward N., of 
Gloucester.] Newent. Proper blazon, 1652, impaling Engham, 
1636. \Glos. Vis., 1682,. p. 127: Walter N. married Mary, d. 
of Sir Thomas (? Edward) E., of Gunston, co. Kent.] The- 
same, 1699, impaling [Harwood]. [Timothy N. married 
Lucy, d. of Richard H., Prebendary of Gloucester.] In 
lozenge shield. The same, 1757, Elizabeth, d. of the third 
Walter N., and Mary Skmner, aged 62. The same, 1636,. 
Mary Engeham, as before, wife of first Walter N. The 
same, 1662, impaling Capell, 1695. \_Glos Vis., 1682, p. 127:. 
The second Walter N. married Mary, d. of William C.,- 
Alderman of Gloucester.] Quarterly i and 4, the same 
with 2 and 3 [Skynner], 17x1, is the fourth Walter N., and 
1742 the third Walter N. The same, 1727, Mrs. Mary 
(Skynner), aged 69. Slimhvidge. Proper blazon, impaled 
with Cradock, 1727. [Rudder, 670: William C, S.T.P.,. . 
rector of the parish, but I cannot find marriage in peds.] 
[NOURSE.] Shipton Moyne. Given in error as Charnells, 
which see ; proper blazon of N., but given 
as impaled second coat with [Yate]. [It is- 
really quarterly of four — Yate, Berkeley, Box, and Nourse. 
Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 212 : William Yate, of Coldthrop 
(Colthrop in Standish), married Mary, eld. d. and coh. of 
Thomas N., of Longhope.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



353' 



NOWELL. Shipton Moyne. Impaling Hodges: " Arg, 

3 covered cups sa." [Elizabeth, coh. of the 
Rev-. Walter H., Provost of Oriel, married 
the Rev. W. Nowell, who in right of his wife was lord of the 
manor, and she was patroness. Rudder, 653, &c.] 
OATRIDGE. Lechelade. Impaled witji Bathurst, 1692 :: 
"... a cross ..." 1718. [Glos. Vis.^ 1682,, 
p. 127, gives the coat, "On a cross flory five 
mullets;" really, " Gu. on a cross flory five mullets of the 
first." Generally named Ottrich, and p. 128 the marriage 
of Margaret, d. of Robert O. and Meriam Mathew, with 
Robert B.] 

[ODWIN AP Standish. Third quartering of Winstone, 
TITHWALCH.] .0,1 

1608, la.tely restored : " ba. a lion ramp. 

arg.," here given as Cromwell, alias Williams,, 
but in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 179, unnamed; the heiress of O. ap 
T., [Clothyan] being the real second quarter, married.] 
OLDISWORTH. CImrchham. One and four shields. " Gu. on 

a fess betw. 3 billets afg. 3 lions pass, guard. 

purpure," 1570, impaling Porter, 1576. 
[G/c5. Vis., 1623, p. 256: Edward O. married Tacye, d. of 
Arthur P.] Fairford. Four shields : " Gu. on a fess arg. 3 
lions pass. (? guard.) purpure." [This is the same age coat,, 
according to Papworth, 1569: William O., 1714, eldest s. of 
James, Rector of Kencott, Oxon.] The same, 1754. [Mrs. 
Muriel Loggan, d. of the Rev. James O.] The same, 1722, 
and crest : Lion ramp. gu. holding a scroll or. Glos. Vis,. 
256 : A lion sejant rampant guard. &c. (an impossibility). 
[Rev. James O., aged 82.] The same, 1680, impaling 
Austin. [William O., M.D., married Maria, d. of Wilham 
A., CO. Surrey.] Kempsford. Impaled with Scott, 1686.. 
Quarterly i and 4: " . . . on a fess 3 lions pass. ..." with 
2 and 3, Query, 34. [Rev. John S., Vicar of Kempsford, 
1672-86, married Maria, d. of Rev. Giles O., of Bourton-on- 
the-HilL] Tewkeshury. Impaling Chamberlain, 1684 : " Gu. 
on a fess arg, 3 lioncels pass, guard, sa." [Nicholas, s. of 
Robert O., of Fairford, married Mary, d. of Thomas C, of 



354 



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•Oddington. Dyde, p. 65.] Wotton Unndevedge. Three shields. 
" Gu. on a fess arg. 3 Hons pass, guard, purpure," impaling 
Master. [Elizabeth, d. of George M., married first Edward 
O.] The same, first quarter of four, impaling Clutterbuck 
quarterly. Two shields, the last dated 1674. [Not in Clutter- 
buck ped.] The same, impaled with [Thorpe], Bridget O. 
married a Thorpe. 

? OLDYS. Naunton. " Az. a chev. arg. betw. 3 garbs 

or," [Monuments say Ambrose, 1710, 

s. of William O., D.D., formerly Vicar of 

Adderbury, co. Oxon. ; but the curious thing is that Atkyns 

and Nayler give Oldish, of Naunton, the same as Oldisworth. 

The above coat is not in Armories. 

[OLDMIXON.] Newland. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3 
[Cordell] : " Az. a battleaxe arg. helved 
or," 1789. 

OLDPEN. Oldpen. Quarterly 2 and 3 with i and 4, 

Daunt, 1776: " Sa a chev. betw. 3 owls 
arg." [Rudder, 586: "John D , s. of John 

D. and Anne Stowell, married Margery, d. and coh. of 

Robert O. ; but according to ped. there ought to be another 

quartering, Jordan.] 

[ORREBY.] MicUeton. Fourth quartering of Fisher : 
" Erm. 5 chevs. gu. on a canton of the last 
a lion of England," [The lion of 

England is wrong; it is " a lion pass, or." This is brought 

in with the supposed [Somerville] third quartering, as a d. 

of John O., circa Hen. III. and apparently he married 

a S.] 

OSBERNE. Withington. "Quarterly az.. and erm. a 

cross engr. or," 1656, impaling the same. 
[Rudder, 840: Gilbert O., rector of the 
parish and Prebendary of Gloucester, married Anne, d. of 
Richard O., Bart., of Knockmoor, Ireland, who erected the 
monument, and she {Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 143) remarried John 
Rich.] The same, 1646, William Osbern, S.T.D., rector of this 
parish and Canon Residentiary of Salisbury. [Query father 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



355 



of the last. In all the reference books this name is spelled 
Osborne for the Barts. and a different coat ; but G. E. C. 
Barts., ii. 260, in note, says the proper one is " Quarterly arg. 
and az. a cross engr. or in the first and fourth quarters an 
erm. spot " ; so the first should be " Quarterly erm. and az." 
Neither Anne or the others come into the peds.] The 
same as the first, 1656. 

OSBORNE. Wotton Undevedge. Impaling Blagden, 1742 : 

"Arg. a bend betw. 2 lions ramp, sa." 
[Rudder, 852: Richard O., 1749, married 

Sarah B.] The same, 1770, with escut. of pret., ? White 

[not in Rudder]. 

{OSBORNE.] Cheltenham. Escut. of pret. on Smart, 1772 : 

"A cross." [Rudder, 337: ''Quarterly 

erm. and az. a cross or."] 
tOTELEY.] Stapleton. Named Proyd in error: "Arg. 

on a bend az. 3 garbs (oat-sheaves) or." 

[Owing to the third quartering of Smyth 
being so blundered, this, the fourth, is only explained by the 
Long Ashton illuminated ped. ; it is brought in by [Tewther]. 
Thomas T. married the eldest d. and h. of G. Grafton, and 
he married the d. and h. of O.] 

[OTTRINGDEN.] Miser den. Tenth quartering of Sandys, 

1640: " Erm. a cross arg. voided gu.," 

[The h. of Sir Lawrence de O. married 

Peyforer, whose h. married Thomas St. Leger, so brought in 

by the last the eighth quartering.] 

.[OULDCASTLE.] Wotton Undevedge. Fourth quartering of 

Baynham: "Arg. a castle sa.," [Glos. 

Vis., 1623, p. 13, gives the same quartering, 

but I cannot trace connection ; the hs. of O. seem to have 

married Hackluyt and Bromwich.] 

? OVEY. Minchin Hampton. Escut. of pret. on Small, 

1725: "Three delves." [Monuments say 
John, s. of George S., married Elizabeth, 
one of the ds. and cohs. of John O., of Greenville, co. Oxon., 
and her's, wife of John Ovy, clothier, of Greenfield, 1713. 

25 

Vol. XXVIII. 



356 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Rudder, 471 : John Overy, whose arms are given as " Or 
3 martlets az." This marriage does not come into the 
Small ped., Glos. Vis., 1682.] 

OVIATT. Haresfield. i, ? shield : " A lion ramp." 

2 : On a chev. 3 escallops betw. as many 

cinquefoils in chief a garb." [Both Queries^ 
28.] Crest : Dexter arm vambraced holding sword. 
Blaunche O., 1592, mother of Peter, her youngest s., 1588. 
PACKER. Charlton Kings, or Ashley. Glos. Vis., 1623, 

p. 118: *' (Gu.) a cross lozengy (or) betw. 

4 roses (arg.)," 1694, Winifred, wife of James 
Ingram and d. of Alexander and Dorothy P. This marriage 
does not come into Glos. Visitations. Cheltenham. The same. 
Thomas P., 1708, and several others. Quedgley. The same, but 
no date. Tredington. On atchment and stone, impaled with 
Surman, 1742. The same, with the roses "barbed vert.," 
1728. [Rudder, 777: William S. married Anne, sole d. and 
h. of William P., of Cricklade, Wilts. This should have 
been an escut. of pret.] 

[PACKER.] Minchin Hampton. " Gu. a cross lozengy or 

betw. 4 roses (arg.)." [This is over 
monument to Walter Butt, 1780, and under 
one to the family of lies; and it is curious that a Mrs. 
Elizabeth lies, 1715, aged 83, is among the Packer monu- 
ments in Cheltenham, though not named here.] 
PACKINGTON. Todington. Impaled with Tracy, quarterly : 
" Per chev. sa. and arg. in chief 3 mullets 
or and in base 3 garbs gu., 1751." [Thomas, 
fifth Viscount T., married secondly Frances, eldest d. of Sir 
John P., fourth Bart.] 

PALMER. Bishop's Cleeve. On portrait. Arms in 

corner. Quarterly of 4. First: ''Chequ}^ 
arg. and az. a chief gu." Note : William 
P., gentleman pensioner to Hen. VIII. and Porter of 
Calais ; probably painted by Andrew White, Sergeant 
Painter. Lechhampton. Escut. of pret. on Norwood, 1764: 
"... 3 trefoils ... in chief a greyhound current . . ." 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



357 



[Really, " Arg. on 2 bars sa. 3 trefoils of the first, in chief a 
greyhound courant of the second collared or." Monument 
erected to the memory of William N. by Anne his relict."] 
Micheldean. " (Arg.j a chev. betw. 3 palmer's scrips (sa.)," 
1782. John P., joiner and citizen of London. 
A. PARK. Hardwicke. 2 and 3 quarters with i and 4 

BoTELER, being the 2 and 3 grand quarters 
of Trye : " Arg. a buck's head cabossed gu." 
[Bigland names these two quarterings Boteler A. Park. 
Whether the A. ought to be & I cannot say, but the same 
coat in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. i6g, is named Aparke, most 
probably Percke ; but at any rate, on p. 170, Beatrice, d. 
and h. of William Aparke, of Hardwick Court, married 
John B., of Lannlich, Wales, and their g.d. Elizabeth 
married John T.] The same, 1579. John T., senior, Esq» 
married Elizabeth, one of the cohs. of Sir Charles Brandon^ 
Knt. of the Garter. 

PARKER. Barnwood. Two shields on tower, one 

defaced, the other ? '* (Sa.) a stag at gaze (arg, 
attired or) betw. 3 pheons (or)." The same, 
but with the addition " within bord. engr. (arg.) charged with 
roundlets (pellets)," Richard, 1642, s. of John P., gent., 
and John, 1694, s. of Richard; also Elizabeth, 1755, wife of 
the Rev. Thomas P. Has/ield. (Sa.) on a fess (arg.) betw. 
3 pheons (or) a buck's head affrontee (of the field) betw. 
2 roundlets (pellets)," 1655, Michael and John, twins, sons 
of John and Mary P. North Leach. The same as last 
untinctured, 1692, impaling [Freeman]. \_Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 129: John P. married as his third wife Mary, d. of John 
F., CO. Wore] 

? PARKER. Colne St. Aldwyns, T643, and Sapevton. Two 

shields. 2 and 3 quarterings with i and 4, 
Poole, 1616 : *' Arg. a chev. sa. betw. 3 

bucks' heads cabossed gu." [My reason for putting a ? 

before this is that it seems to be a much earlier coat than 

P., having been quartered by Poole or Pulle since Edw. III. 

Cheshire Harleian 1580 Vis., p. 191, says [called Bruereton], 



358 



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whereas Devon Vis. gives the " chev. gu.," and names it 
Bearton ; but there seems to be no doubt that Sir James 
PuUe's descendant, query grandson, married AUce, d. and 
h. of Adam de Buyrton, and that there is no Poole-Parker 
marriage known. It is possible that the tinctures have been 
confused, and that really there was but a slight difference 
between them. ] 

PARR. Sndeley. Several shields. Impaled quarterly 

with Rous and Nevill: "Arg. 2 bars az. 
within bord. engr. sa." [Catherine P. 
married secondly John N., Lord Latimer.] The same, 
impaled with Burgh. [Catherine P. married first Edward 
B.] Impaled with Hen. VIII. The same, but bearing the 
augmentation, " Or on a pile gu. 3 roses of York betw. 6 
(3 and 3) of Lancaster," and quartering Rous. [Catherine P. 
married thirdly, and as his last wife. Hen. VIII.] Impaled 
with Seymour quarterly. The same as last. [Catherine P. 
married fourthly Thomas S., Baron Sudeley.] The same as 
first, quartering Rous. [Sir William de Parre, Knt. of 
Parre and Kendal, married, 1383, Elizabeth, d. of John de 
Ros, and g.d. and h. of Sir Thomas de Ros, Baron of 
Kendal.] 

PARRY. Aston Somerville. Impaling Fulwood, 1709: 

''(Arg.) a fess betw. 3 lozenges (sa.)," 1714. 
The Rev. John P., rector of the parish 54 
years, married Rebecca, d. of Thomas F. 
PARSONS. Bafvington Magna. Really Pierson : (Arg.) 

2 chevronels (sa.) on a canton (of the last) 
an eagle displ. (of the first)," 1653, Philip P., 
President of Hart Hall, Oxon. East Leclie S. Muvtin, or 
Bufthorpe. "Gu. in centre a leopard's face betw. 3 crosses 
pattee fitche arg.," 1785, Rev. John P., rector, and Jane, 
1780, his wife. Kenierton. Impaling Wyndham, 1785: " Az. 
a chev. erm. betw. 3 trefoils arg." John P., Esq., married 
Anne, second d. of Thomas W., of Clearwell, in this co. 
Quedgley. Escut. of pret. on Hayward : " Arg. a chev. gu. 
betw. 3 holly leaves vert,'' 1777. [This is a variation, and 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



359 



I do not think right, as in Bredon Church it is as the last, 
only with the trefoils slipped, which makes it Meade, seeing 
that Thomas H. married Mercy, d., but she must be h., of 
CRarles P., of Bredon. Biivke's Land. Gent., 1853, p. 556.] 
Sandhtrst. Impaled with ? Bayly, i6gf, which see: " Gu. a 
leopard's face betw. 3 crosses pattee (generally fitchee, see 
East Leche), apg.," 1695. [^Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 130: Mary, d. 
of Richard P., Chancellor of Glos., married William B., of 
Fretherne Lodge.] Stanton. " Gu. a leopard's head couped 
betw. 3 crosses pattee fitchee arg.," impaling Izod, 1675. 
[Richard P., the Chancellor, as before, married Mary, d. of 
Henry I., of Staunton.] 

PARTEREDGE, Downe Hathevley. " Chequy arg. and sa. on 
OR PARTRIDGE. . , „ ^ ^^rir 

a bend gu. 3 escallops or, 1609, William 

P., Esq. \_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 120, gives a 
William Partriche, of Cirencester, about this time.] Miserden. 
Impaling Cartwright : Chequy (arg. and sa.) on a bend 
(gu.) 3 escallops or," 1625. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 35 : Alice, d. 
of Timothy C. and Elizabeth Thaxton, married secondly 
Anthony P., of Wishanger, gent., s. of Robert P., Esq. Glos. 
Vis., 1023, p. 120.] The same, 1696, Henry, s. of . . . P., 
gent. The same, 1730, Henry, gent., only s. of Thomas 
and Hester P. Sevenhampton. The same, tinctured, 1652. 
Crest: Out of a ducal coronet a horse's head arg. ducally 
gorged or" {Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 119, head sa. and crined or). 
[Rudder gives monument and arms, but no names.] Stone- 
house. Impaled with Fowler, 1700. The same as first, 
tinctured, 1707. [Rudder, 702 : Anselm F., of Moorehalls, 
in this parish, married Rebeccah, d. of Henry P., gent.] 
[PARTRIDGE.] Painswick. Impaled with Smith : " Chequy 

arg. and sa. on a bend gu. 3 escallops arg. 

(really or)." 

'PASTON. Hofton. Impaling Lawson, 1679: "Arg. 6 

fleurs-de-lis az. a chief indented or," 1673. 
Sir William P. married Mary, d, of James L., 
of CO. York. Supporters : Sinister, a bear muzzled sa. (bear 
is sa.) muzzled, collared and chained or ; dexter, an ostrich 



36o 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



(Qiore like a goose with web feet) arg. holding a horseshoe or. 
Crest : A griffin or (really a griffin pass.) also sejant or, 
collared arg. lined az. Motto : *' De mieux je pense en 
mieux." The same, impaling Calvert, 1731. Ann, d. of 
Rt. Hon. Charles C, Baron Baltimore, married first Edward 
Somerset, of Pauntley Court, and secondly John P., Esq. 
The same, 1737, impaling Bostock. John P. married first 
Frances Tichbourne, secondly Anne Calvert, and thirdly 
Catherine, d. of Nathaniel B., of co. Salop. The same, 1769, 
impaling Chichester with escut. of pret. Courtenay, 1747. 
William P., Esq., married first Mary, d. of John Courtenay, 
of MoUand, Devon, and one of the cohs. of her brother John ; 
secondly Mary, d. of Giles Chichester, of Arlington, in this 
county. [This is rather a curious way of marshalling, as it 
looks as if Chichester m^arried an h. of Courtenay ; the escut. 
of pret. ought to be on his own coat impaling Chichester.] 
Stinchcomhe, Fourth quartering of Purnell, 1866, brought in 
with Bransby, the second quartering. No blazon. [So I 
suppose as before. James B. married Maria, d. and h. of 
James Paston.] 

PATES. Bisley. Impaled with Freame, 1696 (Arg.) 

a chev. (sa.) betw. 3 pellets on a chief (of the 
second) 3 crosses pattee (also croslets) fitchy 
(of the first)." William, 1696, gent., youngest s. of Thomas 
F., of Lypiatt. [But monument does not give marriage, nor 
do the Visitations, but Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 218, gives the arms 
of P.] Cheltenham. Impaled with Freame. The same, 1699, 
without tinctures ; but here we have the last corroborated. 
Mary, d. of Thomas P., and relict of W^illiam F., of Bisley. 
PAUL. King's Stanley. " Arg. on a fess az. 3 cross 

crosslets or," 1742. [Glos. N. and Q., i. 172, 
Nathaniel.] Crest : Leopard's head ppr. 
erased gu. Impaling Morse, 1737 [Nathaniel]. The same, 
1724 [Obadiah, gent.]. The same, 1737 [Susanna] . The 
same, 1792 [Obediah, Esq.]. The same, 1679 [Nathaniel]. 
[Fosbrooke, i. 398, only gives one marriage date, 1793, so 
without being able to refer to the monuments, I can only give 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



361 



the bare N .and Q. particulars.] Tethivy. Impaling Wight: 
" Arg. on a fess sa. betw. 6 erm. spots 3 cross croslets or," 
1787. [This variation came in with Josiah Tippetts, s. of 
John T. and Mary, d. of John Paul, who assumed the name 
of Paul, but there is no date to provg'who he is in Burke's 
Land. Gent, or Fosbrooke.] Woodchestev. Third hatch- 
ment. " Arg. on a fess az. 3 cross croslets or in base 
3 erm. spots with Baronet's hand" (1774), impaling ? Peach. 
Crest : Leopard's head ppr. erased per fess gu. [Another 
variation, but this seems to be the true blazon borne by 
Sir Onesiphorus P., who married thirdly Sarah, 1801, d. of 
John Peach, Esq. Burke's Extinct Barts., 403.] Fourth 
hatchment. The same, impaling Freeman quarterly. [Sir 
Onesiphorus P., Bart., 1774, married secondly Catherine, 
1766, d. and coh. of Francis F., Esq., of Norton 
Malreward, Somerset.] The same (without Bart.'s ines- 
cutcheon), impaled with Snow. [Elizabeth, 1772, second 
d. of Sir Onesiphorus P. and his first wife, Jane 
Blackburn, married George S., Esq., of co. Dorset.] 
The same as last, impaled with Peach, 1780. [Deborah, 
1765, married Nathaniel Peach.] 

PAUNCEFOTE. Elmore. Impaled with Guise on chimney- 
piece in Court : " Gu. 3 lioncels ramp, or." 
[Glos. Vis., 1623, P- 72 : " John, s. of William 
G. and Mary Ratsey, married Jane, d. of Richard P., of 
Hasfield.] Haresfield. Impaled with Rogers, 1698 : " Gu. 
3 lions ramp, arg.," 1697. \Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 148: John 
R., of this parish, married Mary, d. of Pool P., of Newent, 
Esq.] Newent. "3 lions ramp.," 1758, Rev. Mr. John P. 
and Esther, 1739, his wife. Hasfield. Second shield in 
chancel window. Anciently, Gu. 3 lioncels ramp.," and in 
the note, " Goulis iii lionceles argent," Grymbald P. \Glos 
Vis., 1682, p. 131, most probably the one that heads the ped.] 
The same, but no date, Dorothy late the widow of ... P. 
[Most probably Dorothy, d. and coh. of Giles Scolcroft, who 
married William P., 161 6.] Pauntley. The same, with the 
date 1616, which tallies with the last. 



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[PPAUNCEFOTE.]" ... 3 lions ramp. . . ." Hall, 1756. 

[Most probably Mrs. Anne H.'s coat.] 
Preston Ledhiry. The same as Haresfield,. 
1715. 

PAYNE. Barnsley. Impaling Perrot, 1742 : (Az.) 

3 bezants on a chief crenelle (arg.) as many- 
hurts," 1739. [Rev. Richard P., rector of 

the parish 42 years, and Mrs. Anne his wife.] 

? PEACH. Olvedoii. " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 martlets 

arg.," 1785. Crest: Demi lion ramp, gu, 
crowned or. [Samuel, s. of Nathaniel P. 

and Margaret Pierce, and his wife, Sarah Jackson, both 

died in 1785, he aged 70 and she 80; he was of Tockington^ 

in this parish. Mis. Gen. et Her., ii. 309.] 

PEACH. Rodmartoit. " Gu. 3 martlets betw. 2 chevs, 

arg.," 1791, impaled with Lysons. [Mary, 
d. of Samuel P. and Mary P., of Chalford, 
married the Rev. Samuel L. Fosbrooke, i. 272.] Woodchester, 
The same as hatchment below, 1788, impaling Query, 78. 
Crest : Demi lion ramp, per fess erm. and gu. ducally 
crowned or. [Nathaniel, s. of Benjamin P. and Elizabeth 
Gaisford, married Julia Maria Keasberry, or Treasbury.] 
The same, 1719, impaling Pearse, or Pierce. [Nathaniel, 
s. of . . . P., of the CO. of Derby, married Margaret, 
d. of Edward P., of Devizes.] The same, 1780, impaling 
Paul, 1765. [Nathaniel, s. of the last, married Deborah, 
d. of Obediah Paul.] The same, 1770. [Edward, eldest 
s. of Nathaniel P. and Margaret Pearse.] The same, 
1774. [John, next brother to the last, aged 63.] Third 
hatchment, impaled with Paul : " Gu. 2 chevs. betw. 3 
martlets arg." [Sir G. Onesiphorus Paul, Bart., married 
thirdly Sarah, then relict of John Turner, and d. of John P. 
and Anne Whitchurch. This is a clumsy reading of the 
true Peach blazon. It is very curious why all the former 
ones are wrong if this reading is correct, and this just 
approaching the right, which is "Gu. 3 martlets betw. 2 
chevs. arg.," as Rudder gives all the Woodchester ones 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



363. 



correct, so I imagine that the hatchment or the reader is to 
blame.] 



says Pearse and Mis. G. et H. Pierce. Margaret, d. of 
Edward P., of Devizes, married Nathaniel Peach.] 
PEMBRUGE. Bishop's Cleeve, Soatham chimney - piece. 

Seventh shield, marshalled with De la 
Bere : " Paly (certainly error for " Barry ") 
of 6 or and az. over all a bend gu." [It is most likely 
to be P., and therefore error in the text, though I 
cannot find that she was an heiress, as Rudder, in ped.,. 
p. 370, says Sir Simon Delabar, s. of Sir Stephen, married 
Sibil, d. of Sir Henry P.] Sixth quartering in church. The 
same. Minchin Hampton. Tenth quartering of Hopton, 
1775 : " Barry of 6 or and az." (I think this should have 
the bend gu." also.) [This is brought in by the ninth 
quartering, Burley, as Sir John B., Knt., married Alice, 
sister and h. to Walter P.] Maysemove. Escut. of pret. on 
Pitt, 1784. First quartering of eight : " Barry of 6 or and 
az. on a bend gu. 3 martlets (certainly an error for mullets, 
perhaps only printer's) arg." [Rev. James Pitt, aged 59, 
Rector of Barrington, married EHzabeth, 1784, aged 66, g.d. 
of William P., Esq., a family long resident in this parish ; 
but Rudder or Fosbrooke do not mention them.] The same, 
1738, but given as before, impaling " Az. a fess lozengy or." 
[This marriage is not given \n Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 133, but on 
p. III. Culpeper Lawrence married William P., of Maise- 
more, in 1710, and was buried at Tewkesbury the following 
year. So this looks like a second marriage ; possibly the 
last was a Percy.] The true blazon, 1696. Anthony, aged 
79 (70 in Glos. Vis.), gent., and his eldest son Anthony^ 
aged 21, 1681 ; erected by William, s. and brother of 
these two. 

PENNISTON. Tewkesbury. Impaled with Hale: ''Arg. 3, 
Cornish choughs ppr.," 1700. Letitia, d. o 



PEARSE, OR 
PIERCK. 



Woodchester. Impaled with Peach, 1719 : 
" Az. (Papworth says gu.) a bend embat. 
betw. 2 unicorns' heads erased or." [Rudder 



3^4 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



the Hon. Sir Thomas P., Bart., of co. Oxon., married 
Thomas H. (Dyde, p. 65). 

PENRY. Cirencester. " Lion ramp, reguard.," 1735. 

[Rudder, 363, and Sir J. Maclean, Glos. 

Trans., xvii. 282 : " Gu. a lion ramp, reguard. 
or," Bridget, d. of James Small and wife of James P., of 
Abersenny, co. Brecon.] 

PERCYE. Dumhleton. Impaling Cocks quarterly 

I and 4 with 2 and 3 Lucie : " Or a lion 
ramp, az.," 1628. Sir Charles P., Knt., 
third s. of Earl of Northumberland, married Dorothy (her 
second marriage), d. of Thomas C, of Bishop's Cleeve, Esq. 
Dyrham. Seventh shield of the M.S. of John Smyth, of 
Nibley, quartered with St. Maur. The same. [I cannot 
trace this connection.] 

PERRELL. Lower Swell. 2 and 3 quartering of PIorde : 

" Az. on a chev. betw. 3 leopards' faces or 3 
mullets sa." [^Suvrey Vis., Pearle. Shropshire 

Vis.: Richard H., of Bridgnorth, Salop, married Agnes, d. and 

sole h. of John P.] 

PERROT. Barnsley. Impaled with Payne, 1739 : " Gu. 

3 pears pendent or (really ppr.) on a chief 
(arg.) a (demi) lion issuant (sa.)," 1742, Rev. 

Richard P. and Mrs. Anne his wife. 

PERRY. Cirencester. " Az. a fess embat. arg. betw. 

3 pears or," 1706-7, Thomas P. [Sir J* 
Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 287, gives this 
without tinctures (?the result of restoration!), but he gives 
the crest: Out of a mural crown a cubit arm, vested and 
cuffed, holding a dagger.] Impaled with Monox, 1638 : 
Arg. on a bend sa. 3 pears or, in the point a trefoil." (Sir 
J. Maclean, p. 293: "In sinister chief a quartrefoil.") George 
M., Esq., and Mary his wife. 

[PERT.] Teivheskiry. Impaled with Slaughter Arg. 

on a bend gu. 3 mascles of the first," 1640. 

[Dyde, p. 65 : Mrs. Anne, wife of Paris S., 
of Slaughter, Esq., and d. of Daniel P., Esq.] 



i 



Heralrdy of Gloucestershire. 



365 



PETRE. Cirencester. On escut. of pret. on Bathurst, 

1775, 2 and 3 quartering with Apsley, 1768 : 
" Gu. a bend betw. 2 escallops or." [Le 
Neve's Knights, pp. 372 and 361 : Frances, d. and h. of John 
Petre, of Bowkay, Devon, married Sii* Alan A., son of another 
Sir Alan and Lucy St. John ; Frances' s.. Sir Peter, married 
. . . and Sir Peter's only d. and h. married Alan, first Lord 
Bathurst.] Henhury. Impaled with Query, 32 : " Gu. on a 
bend or betw. 2 escallops arg. a Cornish chough ppr. betw. 
as many cinquefoils az. on a chief of the second a rose betw. 
2 fleurs-de-lis of the first." [The monument is erected by 
Eleanor, wife of George Petre, to his memory, so this looks as 
if the marshalling was wrong ; but there is on the same the 
marriage of Elizabeth ? P. with Samuel Roach, but I can find 
no arms like Query.] Pauntley. "Gu. a bend or betw. 2 escal- 
lops arg." [Rudder, 599, gives this coat false, as the escallops 
are sable. The monument was erected by Edward and Anne 
Somerset to Philip P., of the race of the East Saxons.] 
PEVEREL. Down Ampney. Third quartering of Hunger- 

ford : " Az. 3 garbs and a chief or." [_Glos. 
Vis., 1623, p. 87 : Sir Walter, Lord Hunger- 
ford, married Catherine, d. and coh. of Sir Thomas P., Knt. 
Pole, 227, calls her Elmor, but she was his second wife, being 
d. of Sir John Berkeley, of Beverstone.] 

[PEVERELL.] Mickletojt. Tenth quartering of Fisher: 
" Quarterly i and 4, gu. 2 and 3, vaire vert 
and or, over all a lion ramp, arg.," — — 
[William Ferrers, ninth quartering, is supposed to have 
married Margaret, d. and h. of WilHam P., of Nottingham.] 
[PEYFERER.] Miserden. Ninth quartering of Sandys, 1640, 
brought in with St. Leger : " Arg. semee 

fleurs-de-lis az.," ["Arg. 6 fleurs-de-lis 

3.2.1. az.," the tenth quartering Ottringden married P., and 
their heiress married St. L.] 

PEYTON. Sandhurst. " Sa. a cross engr. or in the first 

quarter a mullet arg.," 1667. Crest : A 
griffin (generally sejant or). Tewkesbury. 



366 



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Impaling Karver, 1776 (or 1773. Dyde, 64): " Gu. (really 
sa. unless variation) a cross engr. or in the first quarter a 
mullett arg.," 1742. [George P., M.D., married Elizabeth, 
eldest d. of Thomas K., gent., of the city of Wore] 
PHELPS. Dursley. Impaling Fowler : " Per pale 

(Bigland's "plate arg. and or," Papworth "or 
and arg.") a wolf salient (az.) betw. 6 crosses- 
croslet" (Papworth, " 8 crosses croslet fitchy gu." Rudder, 426, 
is quite wrong : "Arg. a lion ramp. sa. betw. 6 crosses croslet 
fitchy gu."), 1755. [I cannot find marriage, and monument 
says only John P. or John de la Field P., his s., 1771.] 
Stroud. "Arg. a lion ramp, sa., collared, lined, and ducally 
crowned or," 1735, really Phillips. (Rudder, 620, gives the 
arms of John de la Field P. as " Arg. a lion ramp. sa. betw. 
6 crosses croslet fitchy gu.") Crest : A demi lion or. Westhiiry- 
on-Trim. Impaling Howe, 1764: r ^ale or and arg. a lion 
ramp. sa. betw. 6 cross crosslets fitche gu.," 1763. [Rudder, 
804, gives this as the last, but most probably by this reading 
it is really the first. William P., Esq., 1763, and Mary his 
widow, 1764,] 

PHILLIMORE. Cam. Impaling Purnell, 1764: " (Sa.) 3 
bars and in chief as many cinquefoils (arg.)," 
1762. \Glos. Trans., xi. 290: John was the 
eldest s. of Jonathan P., of Cam, by his first wife Elizabeth 
Bayly ; but it does not say who John married or who the 
Elizabeth Purnell of the monument was.] 
? PHILIPPS. Diirsley. Against belfry. Impaled with Pur- 
nell, ? 1782 : "Arg. a chev. az. betw. 3 falcons 
rising ppr." [Not in Armories, which give "Az. 
a chev. both arg. and or betw. 3 falcons close ppr." The 
monument gives William P., 1743, and Anne his wife, 1760; 
also John P., of Newhouse, 1782, and Anne, 1765, his wife, 
d. of John Phelps by Mary, d. of John Arundell, so I take it 
there has been confusion again between Phelps and Phillips.] 
PIEL. Bishop's Cleeve. In Southam windows. "Arg. 

a bend betw. 2 mullets pierced sa." [I 
cannot trace connection.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



367 



PIGOT. Kempley. Second quartering of Finch, 163 i : 

Sa. 3 pickaxes arg." [Henry F. married 
Anne, d. and h. of Henry P., so as this is 
quartered it would be really his s. Francis' coat, who erected 
the monument 1633.] 

,[? PINCKNEY.] Berkeley. Twelfth quartering of Berkeley: 
" Or. a bend lozengy gu." [Papworth says 
sa., but I can find no connection.] 
PINFOLD. Minchin Hampton. " 3 doves betw. 2 chev- 

ronells." [Really, Az. a chev. or sur- 
mounted by another of the field betw. 3 
doves ppr.," i.e. arg.] Richard, 1668, and his wife Elizabeth, 
1694. The same, Edward, 1740, and his wife Mary, 1729. 
Rodhorough. Impaled with Cooper, 1795: " Az. a chev. or 
surmounted by another az. betw. 3 wood-wallises (wood- 
pigeons) ppr.," 1792. [Glos. N. and Q., p. 51, says Thomas 
Cooper. But Rudder, 630, gives the arms as "A chev. 
betw. 3 doves," and doves are the more common blazon; but 
wood-wallises are wood-peckers, though I think wood- 
pigeons, which is one blazon, are meant.] The same, 
1779. Crest : Pine tree or leaved vert fruited ppr. inclosed 
with pales arg. and sa. Stinchcomhe. Impaling Hill : " Az. 
a chev. or voided of the field betw. 3 wood-wallises ppr." 
[Rudder, 697 : There are so many marriages on this monu- 
ment, but only the first one gives the wife's surname, and as 
that is Trotman it cannot be that, so I imagine it is the last 
on the list, viz. Martha, wife of John P., jun., 1756, but I 
cannot prove it.] 

[PENFOLD.] Lechelade. . . . a chev. betw. 3 Hick- 
walls . . . " [Hickway or Hych 

Whele, (Halliwell), a wood-pecker ; so it 
looks as if wood-peckers were the real charges. Possibly 
one branch of tlie family stuck to these, and another 
to doves. Mrs. Elizabeth, wife of Edward P., senior 
(no date of year, only June 2nd), in 25th year of her 
age. A pedigree is sadly wanted to trace these 
branches.] 



368 



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PIPON. Westbury - on - Trim. ** Per chev. az. and or 

(Rudder, 804, in chief) 2 estoiles (of six 
points) betw. a crescent arg.," 1759, James 
P., of London, fifth s. of Joshua P., of Jersey. 
PITT. Blockley, co. Worcester. Impaled with 

RusHouT, 1698 : " Barry of 6 or and az. in 
chief 3 mullets of the second," 1698. Sir 
James R. married Alice, d. of Edmund P., of Harrow* 
Mayseniore. With escut. of pret., quarterly of 8, Pembruge, 
1784: *' (Az.) 3 bars (arg.) in chief 3 estoiles (or)," 1784. 
Rev. James P. married Elizabeth, g.d. of William Pembruge, 
Esq., a family long resident in this parish. Stratton. Impaling 
Daubeny, 1792 : " Sa. a fess compony arg. and az. betw. 
3 bezants." Crest : Stork arg. beaked ind legged gu. 
supporting an anchor or cabled sa. [see Daubeny]. 
PLANTAGENET. Cirencester. Quarterly i and 4 England, 
with 2 Bigot and 3 Mortimer. Richard P. 
Duke of York. Kempsford. Perhaps the 
stool of a tree eradicated within bordure bezanty, cog- 
nizance of the house of P. 

[PLAN- Berkeley. Eleventh shield on screen. Gu. 

TAGENET 1 . 

inescutcheon (of ancient France) within 

orle of lions (of England}," [Really, 

" Az. semee fleurs-de-lis or on a bord. gu. 8 lions of 

England."] The same, quartering with Berkeley, I suppose 

brought in by Warren. Hayles. Stained glass removed 

to Toddington. First shield. " Or eagle displ. sa.," Richard 

P., really as King of the Romans. 

PLAYER. Frampton Cotterell . On lozenge shield. 

" ? (Gu.) a fess cotised and in chief 2 mullets 
(arg.)," 1736. [Monument says d. of 
William and sister of Tliomas P., and as it is grouped with 
the Kemys monuments she would be the d. of Issabell 
Kemys wife of William P. of Mangersfield. Glos. Vis., 1623, 
p. 99. The arms seem to be differently blazoned: Nayler, 
" Gu. a fess and in chief two mullets arg. " ; Atkyns' plate 
might be intended for " a fess cotised"; Rudder, 456, " Gu. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



369 



a fess or in chief 2 mullets arg." This would be Poher ; so 
I think as Nayler's would be Poher also, that he has left out 
the cotises which make the difference. Armories only give P.. 
as '* Az. a pale erm.," and its variations.] 
? PLAYER. Mangotsfield. "... a fess gu. betw. 5 

mullets," 1739- [This must be wrong,. 

and is probably a redaub; but this is the 
Thomas P. mentioned before.] 

PPLEASAUME. Tortworth. Really Pleasaunce, but in error- 
Seventh quartering of Throkmorton, 1607 : 
" Sa. a cross erm. betw. 4 escallops arg." 
[Which is P. How this wrong blazon is here I cannot 
say; it ought to be "Arg. a cross betw. 4 escallops sa."" 
[Cogshall], and is so given in Glos. Vis.^ 1623, p. 162, 
and this is proved in Essex Vis., 1612, p. 300, as it is 
brought in with Tirrell, the fifth quartering, seeing 
Sir John T., Knt., married Elianor, d. and h. to Sir 
William C, Knt.] 

PLEYDELL. Ampney Crucis. Impaling Sheppard : *' Arg. 

a bend gu. guttee d'eau betw. 2 Cornish 
choughs sa. [Glos. Vis., 1623, of the 
second, 1682, ppr. ; they are both right, for a chough 
was a blackbird with red beak, legs and feet, therefore 
ppr. is the most correct) a chief chequy or and sa.,"^ 
1719. [Robert, s. of Robert P. and Elizabeth Saunders, 
married Sarah, d. of Philip S., of Minchinhampton.] The 
same over several, perhaps Robert P., the first of the 
ped. in the 1682 Vis., ob. 1642, and a Robert, the s. of the 
last, 1675. Under a helmet and sword is quarterly i and 4 

P. as first with 2 and 3, [Saunders]. [No inscription; 

but this would make Susanna S., who married Robert P.,, 
? 1642, that heads the ped., an h. This may have been so, but 
the ped. in Northamptonshire Vis., 1618, p. 132, gives her four 
brothers and four sisters, but continues none of them, so she 
was most likely a coh.] Lechelade. Impaled with Simons,. 
MDDXXII., ? 1722. The same, without tinctures. Ann,, 
d. of Edward P., of Cricklade (not m the Vis.), married 



370 



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Robert S. On lozenge shield. S. impaling P. This is for 
Ann, 1729, as last. 

PLOMER. Dursley. " Vert a chev. betw. 3 lions' heads 

erased or," 1731, William P., of Bristol, 
and Hannah, 1734, his wife, d. of Samuel 

Clarke. [The Armories only give this with the heads 

charged.] 

i[POCOCK.] Presthury. Impaled with [Capell], 1740: 

" Chequy arg. and gu. a lion ramp, or," 

1733- [Really, "Or and gu." Rudder, 605, 

says Arg. and gu.," and gives P., Christopher Caple, gent., 

and Sarah his wife.] 

[? POLLARD.] Rodborough. Glass in window. " Az. a chev. 

az. betw. 3 mullets gu." [False. I think 
" Arg. a chev. az. betw. 3 mullets gu."] 
POOLE. Painswick. " (Az.) semee of fleur-de-lis . . . 

a lion ramp, (arg.)," 1667. [Rudder, 597: 
Two or three tombs with arms, " Az. semy 
of fleurs-de-lis or a lion ramp, arg." Glos. Visitations, 1623 : 
The same, but 1682, P., of Painswick, " Az. semee of 
fleurs-de-lis a lion ramp, or a mullet for diff." There is no 
date in either of them like this, and they are not mentioned 
in Glos. N. and Q., i. 180. In Musgrave's Obituary Sir James, 
of Cheshire, is given that date.] Saperton. Three shields. 
First, " Az. semee of fleur-de-lis or a lion ramp, arg.," 1574. 
[No date like this given; both Atkyns and Nayler give P., 
of Saperton, in their plates as " Az. a lion ramp, arg.," 
omitting the fleurs altogether.] Second, quarterly i and 4 
the same, 1616, with 2 and 3 ? Parker. [Sir Henry P., of 
Saperton, s. of Gyles P. and Elizabeth, d. and h. of Thomas 
Whittington, of Pantley, first wife ; so he ought to have 
borne this as a quartering.] Third, quarterly as second, 
impaling Wroughton quarterly with Lewknor. [This is no 
doubt, but there is no date, intended for Sir Henry's wife. 
Lady Anne, though it is his own coat.] Crest : A buck's 
head. Glos, Vis., 1623, p. 125: Stag's head cabossed gu. the 
attires barry (Cheshire Vis., gobony) of 6 or and az. Bisley. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



371 



Impaling Query, 9: " Az. a lion ramp. betw. 8 fleurs-de-lis 
-or," 1720, Robert P., of Brown's Hill; he had a sister, Sarah 
Crump. Colne S. Aldwyn's. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3 
? Parker : "Az. a lion ramp. betw. semee of crosses croslet 
or," Henry P., Esq., 1643, and Ann, gentlewoman, 1658. 
[Rudder, 385, suggests that they are of the Powle family, but 
it is more probable of the Saperton stock, and might be the 
Henry, s. of Gyles P. and Ellen Lewkenor.] 
[? POOLE.] Notgrove. Impaled with Whittington, 

quarterly i and 4 with 2 ? [Solers] and 3 
Query, 45 : . . . a lion ramp. . . ." 
[Rudder, 583, says Pool. Of course there might have been a 
Whittington- Poole marriage, but the only one in the ped. 
is the marriage of Gyles P. with Elizabeth W., so this would 
be wrongly marshalled, and the other quarterings do not help.] 
[POPE.] Cohevley. On lozenge shield, ensigned with 

Earl's coronet, impaling Dutton, 1656 : 
" Party per pale tophaz {sic or) and sapphire 
(az.) on a cheveron betw. 3 griffins' heads erased, 4 fleurs-de- 
lis, all counterchanged." Thomas Pope, second Earl Downe, 
married Luce (Lucy), d. of John Dutton, of Sherborne. 
Henhury. The same, untinctured, 1752, over memorials to 
the wives of Richard P., yeoman. 

POPHAM. Boiivton-on-the-Hill. " Arg. on a chief gu. 

2 stags' heads caboshed or," 1688, Briliiana, 
wife of Alexander P., Esq. Tewkesbury. 
Impahng Nash, 1745 (Dyde, 1775). The same. Edward P., 
Esq., of Tewkesbury Lodge, married Dorothy N. The same, 
third quartering of Martin, on escut. of pret. on Wall, 
1808. There was a Robert Martin Popham Wall in 1847. 
? POPHAM. Cirencester. Error for [Barendes] . Third 

quartering of D'Anvers : " Gu. 2 bars or 
in chief 2 stags' heads cabosed of the 
second." [Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 299, says it 
may be Barrandyne, presumably some ancestor of the 
Branchester family.] Down Ampney. The same error, 
second quartering of D'Anvers. 

26 

Vol. XXVIII. 



372 



Transactions 



FOR THE Year 1905. 



PORTER. Chircham. i and 4 shields, impaled with 

Oldisworth, 1570: " Gu. 5 marlions' wings 
in saltire arg.," 1576. [Rudder, 490, says 
martin's, but Glos, Vis., 1623, p. 126, as above. There is nO' 
engraved coat on the plates to refer to, but the marlion was 
the merlin hawk, and the ''in saltire" would mean like five 
on the dice. On p. 127, Tacye, d. of Arthur P. and Alice 
Arnold, married Edward O.] Second shield. The same, 
impaling Arnold, which is the marriage before. Ehrington.. 
Second quartering of Keyt, 1662 : " Sa. 3 bells arg. a canton 
erm." [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. loi : John K., of this parish 
married first Jane, d. of Thomas P., of Mickleton ; she was 
the d. of his father's second wife's first husband, but is not 
given as h. in the Vis.l The same, impaled with Keyt, 
1660. [This is the last marriage.] The same, second 
quartering of Keyt, 1702, with escut. of pret., Coventry.. 
Hempsted. Quarterly i and 4, impaling Arnold. The same 
arms and marriage as in Churcham, 1548. Sons and ds. 
of Arthur P. and Alice A. Newent. The same as last, 
quartering really [Heyward], Roger, 1523. [I suppose 
the s. of Thomas P. and Catherine Hayward.] Qnedgley.. 
Quarterly i and 4 with Albany and Hayward, and impaling 
Arnold quarterly. The same as Hempsted. Two more 
ds. of Arthur P. and Alice A., 1532. Rudder, 613. ' Todington. 
Fourth quartering of Keyt, impaled with Tracy, 1756. The 
same as Ebrington. 

POWELL. Cirencester. Per fess or and arg. a lion 

ramp, gu.," 1718. [Thomas P. married the 
relict, Rebecca, 1722, of William Georges, 
1707. Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 282, says the shield 
had been changed in 1867 and put over the woman's bust.]. 
Deerhurst. First of three shields. " Parti per pale gu. and 
az. 3 Hons ramp, or." James P., 1656, married Margaret, 
d. of John Roberts. 

[POWELL.] Preston Lcdhnry. Impaled with Hanbury, 

1708, quarterly i and 4: " Sa. (really gu.) a 
lion ramp, reguard. or." [Monument says 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



373 



he (? Capel H.) married two wives, Elizabeth Catesby and 
Anne P.] 

POWLE. Quenington. Impaled with and escut. of pret. 

on Ireton, 171 1 : " Az. a fess erm. betw. 

3 lions ramp, or," 1714. [Rudder, 618: 
Catherine, d. and h. of the Rt. Hon. Henry P., Esq., married 
Henry I.] The same, 1692 (Rudder adds " a crescent for 
difF."). Crest : Unicorn trippant az. armed and hoofed or. 
The Rt. Hon. Henry P., Esq., aged 63. The same, impaling 
Newport, 1672. Elizabeth, d. of Richard, Lord Newport^ 
married the last. 

POYNTZ. Frampton Cotterel. Fourth shield in windows, 

1607. Barry of 8 or and sa. (really gu.)."" 
Iron Acton. " Barry of 8 or and gu. a mullet 
for difJ.," 1604. Hugo, s. of Nicholas P., the third s. of 
Nicholas P. and Margaret Stanley, in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 135, 
Elkestone. Third shield on tower, circa Rich. 11. Barry 
of 8." 

PRATT. Bourion-on-the- Water. Impaled with Vernon^ 

1720: " Arg. on a chev. sa. 3 mascles betw. 
3 pellets each charged with a martlet of 

the field," 1724. The Rev. John V. married Elizabeth (P.), 

1724. 

PRATTE. Cirencester. Device, J. P. [Sir J. Maclean, 

Glos. Trans., xvii. 279, says merchant's mark 
of John Pratt, butcher, ob. 1514; but in the 
plate marked 30 it is the following :] Cross patonce and 
J. P.," which Bigland says is John P., a chantry priest, 
which is more likely ; it is apparently " Arg. a cross patonce 
betw. in base the letters J. P. sa." [Page 281 he also gives a 
shield, "Arg. a chev. gu. charged with the letters D. A. P., 
and in base a woman's head (and shoulders vested)," which 
is supposed to be Dame Alys P., widow of John P. Hardly 
likely to be styled dame.] 

PRATTELL. Clifford Chambers. Fifteenth {Glos. Vis., 
1623, p. 227, twelfth) quartering of Rayns- 
FORD, 1632, brought in with Shersall, the 



374 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



fourteenth : " Or 3 chevs. braced in base sa. on a chief gu. 
3 plates." [Oxford Vis., p. 166 : William Shershall married 
Johanna, the h. of John P., Knt.] 

PRELATTE. Cirencester. In the windows, impaling a false 
coat, ? CoBYNDON : " Arg. an escallop gu." 
[Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 278, says 

William P., and gives some of his histor}', married as his 

second wife Johanna, the h. of William C; but Mr. Carles, 

p. 310, says "within a bord. sa."] 

PRESTWICH. Tortworth. First atchment. Escut. of pret. 

on Moreton, Lord Ducie, quarterly : " Gu. a 
mermaid arg. comb and glass or." [The 
first Lord D. married Arabella, d. and coh. of Sir Thomas P., 
Bart.] The same, fourth quartering of second atchment, 
Matthew, second Baron Moreton and Ducie. The same, 
third atchment, impaling Ramsden. Thomas Reynolds 
second Baron Ducie, married Margaret, d. of Sir John R., 
Bart. The same, fourth atchment, with escnt. of pret., 
Purvis, really Provis. Francis Reynolds, third Baron 
Ducie, married first Mary, d. of Thomas P., Esq., of 
Shepton Mallet, Somerset. The same as the first, 
1735- 

PRICE. Avlinghani. Fourth quartering of Yate, 1738 : 

" (Gu.) a lion ramp. (arg. armed az.) " ? 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 210 : Richard Y. married 
Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Major Thomas P.] Impaled with 
Yate, 1701 : "A lion ramp.," same as last. On lozenge 
shield the same quartering of Yate for Charles Y. and Mary 
his widow, 1777. Bromesherrow. The same, fourth quartering 
of John Yate, 1749. The same as the last for Ricius Yate, 
1690. 

[PRICE.] Clifton, Bristol. Quarterly of four, first 

quarter: "Lion ramp." (I suppose the same 
as Arlingham). Third quarter, query: " (Sa.) 

a chev. betw. 3 spearheads . . . (arg. embrued gu.).," Lewis, 

1744, of Boverton, Glamorgan, eldest s. of Francis P., of 

Erw- Wasted, Carmarthen. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



375 



? PRICE. Tewkesbury. "In chief a cross betw. 2 fleurs- 

de-lis.'' Monument says P., 1787. [It may 
be a maiden coat, as the only coat I can find 
is a cross betw. pheons.] 
PRIGG. Westerleigh. Arg. a lion ramp, ragardent 

az. betw. 3 trefoils slipt vert," 1723. [Not in 
Armories. Rudder, 807 : Richard P., ? chemist 
or M.D., of Bristol; and below. Rev. Thomas P., 1986 (sic) 
? 1786, probably a son, presented a flagon.] 
[? PROBERT.] Lidney. (Per pale az. and sa.) 3 fleurs-de-lis 
(or)." [There are two inscriptions to Richard 
Morgan, 1782, second s. of another Richard 
M. and his wife Eleanor, d. and coh. of Henry P., of Argoed, 
CO. Monmouth ; so it looks as if they inherited this coat.] 
PROBYN. Newlaiid. " Erm. on a fess gu. a lion pass. 

or," 1742. [_Glos. Vis. J 1682, p. 137, and 
Rudder, 570 : Sir Edmund P., Knt., Lord 
Chief Baron ; but this ought to have been impaling Blencowe, 
as Elizabeth, 1749, his wife, is on the monument, which is 
** Gu. a canton arg."] The same, 1702, William P., of this 
parish, s. of Edmund P. and Mary Symonds. [See also 
Mis. Gen, et Her., second series, iii. 305.] 

? PROBYN. Second and third quartering of Hopkins, 

1763: "Erm. on a fess gu. a lion pass, 
guard, arg. on a (Rudder, dexter) canton 
gu. a (Rudder, pierced (mullet or." [John Hopkins, nephew 
and h. of Sir Edmund P., took the name of P. As this does 
not appear in Armories nor under Hopkins P. in Land. Gent., 
I suppose it must be called a P. variation, but it is a question 
whether it has been entered in Heralds' College, though not 
unlikely.] 

PROGER. Badminton. In lozenge shield. "Per pale 

(az. and gu.) 3 lions ramp, (arg.), Margaret, 
1635, second d. of Arthur P. 

? PROYD. Stapleton. Fourth quartering of Smyth : 

" Arg. on a bend az. 3 garbs or," [This is 
P., but in the Smyth illuminated ped. at 



376 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Ashton Court this is given as Oteley, which are oatsheaves, 
where it is quartered with Grafton ; therefore the third 
quartering ought to be G., but it is a daub for Skerne, as 
Thomas Tewther married the eldest d. of G. Grafton, and 
he the d. and h. of Otele}'.] 

PRINN, OR Charlton Kins[s. Escut. of pret. on Hunt 

PRYNN. ... 

in the ihustration : " Arg. (really or) a fess 

engr. az. betw. 3 escallops gu.," 1772. 

[Rudder, 331, gives "fess and escallops az." Elizabeth, d. 

and, I suppose, h. of William P. and EHzabeth Ridler, 

married Dodington H.] The same as first, with "or" field. 

Monument says to Elizabeth, 1771, wife of William P.; but 

it is his arms and has the crest, A demi eagle dispL, which 

Wore. Vis., 1569, p. no, gives as Out of a ducal coronet or a 

demi eagle displ. gu. beaked sa. 

PULLEY. Dursley. Impaling Hayward, 1748. No 

blazon to either. [P. has two coats — an 
Essex P., " Or 3 eagles displ. az.," and 

another, " Per saltire or and sa." Not in Glos. Histories. 

Joseph P., 1730, and Mary his wife.] 

PULTON. Haresfield. Impaling Rogers : " (Arg.) on a 

fess (az.) betw. 3 mullets (sa.) 3 roundlets 
(bezants)," 1701, Richard P. [Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 139 : Richard, s. of Richard P. and Sarah Turret, of 
Hartpury, married Anne, d. of John Rogers.] The same, 
1724. This is the Anne Rogers, wife of Richard P. The 
same, 1744, impaling " a lion ramp. betw. 3 fleurs." [This 
is Samuel P. and Elizabeth . . . his wife, 1752 ; he is not in 
the ped., so may be another brother of Richard, or else a son 
not entered.] The same, 1744, impaling Pulton, 1726. [So 
this seems as if Samuel P. married first this Anne Pulton 
and afterwards the last Elizabeth.] The same, 1729, John, 
s. of Richard P. and Anne Rogers in ped. The same, 1758, 
Richard P. and Mary his wife, 1760. [He is eldest s. of 
Richard P. and Anne R., and comes into the ped., but he 
was too young to be married then ; however, Rudder, 597, 
says she was the d. of John Edwards.] Hartpury. *' On 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



377 



a fess betw. 3 mullets 3 roimdlets," 1742, Thomas P., of the 
city of Glos., and Mary his wife, 1770. [He is said to be 
unmarried, 1682, in the Vis.] Newmt. The same as last, 
1731, Richard P., of this parish, gent. [Glos, Vis., 1682, 
p. 139, gives date 1701 ; and the monument says Mary his d. 
died 1763 instead of 1762, and does not give her marriage 
with Ralph Barnes, 1778.] Painswich. Tinctured as first, 
1792. [Rudder, 597, gives the same, and says Richard, 
apothecary, married Mary, d. of John Edwards.] 
PURNELL. Cam. Impaled with Phillimore, 1762 : 

" Arg. on a fess sa. 3 cinquefoils of the field 
betw. -3 lozenges gu.," 1764. [Monument 
only mentions Elizabeth, wife of John P., gent. There is an 
Elizabeth Pernell mentioned in Glos. Vis., 1623, index, but 
in error.] Duvsley. Impaling Small, 1735. The same, un- 
tinctured, 1729, Thomas P. and Anne his wife. [Rudder, 426, 
gives the " fess sa." and the tinctures, but S. is wrong.] The 
same as Rudder, with "fess sa.," impaled with Wallington, 
1765, Mary his wife, 1758. The same as last, 1782, impaling 
Philipps, 1765. Monument says Phelps. John P., of New- 
house, married Anna, d. of John Phelps. Stinchcomhe. The 
same as Dursley, only with the cinquefoils "or," 1866, 
quartering Bransby, Cooper, and Paston. Purnell 
Bransby Cooper P. inherited from his mother Anne, sole h. 
of William P., of Ferney Hill. Wickwar. " Arg. on a fess 
betw. 3 mascles voided (!) sa. (Rudder, 821, az.) as many 
cinquefoils of the first," 1726, impaling Hickes, 1743. John 
P., of the Pool House in this parish, married Jane, d. of 
John H. and Elizabeth Oldisworth. The same, 1726, im- 
paling HicKES, 1743. Crest : Talbot sejant resting his foot 
on a shield. [Rudder does not give the crest, but I think it 
is wrong, as the Purnells bore : "Out of a ducal coronet arg., 
may be or, a demi griffin segreant erminois holding in dex. 
claw a thunderbolt ppr."] 

PURSCELL, Clifford Chambers. Twelfth quartering of 
Raynesford, 1632: "Vairy arg. and gu. on 
a bend sa. 3 boars' heads erased or." [^Glos. 



378 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Vis., 1623, p. 227: " Vairee (no tinctures) on a bend sa.. 

3 boars' heads couped close arg. tusked or." I believe not 

erased ; brought in by the eleventh quartering Arderboughe^ 

as Richard A. married Eleanor, h. of P.] 

PURVIS, OR Toftworth. Escut. of Pret. on Moreton 
PROVIS. 

quarterly : " Az. a chief arg." [Burke s 
Peerage says Francis Reynolds, third Baron 

Ducie, married first Mary, d. of T. Purvis, Esq., of Shepton 

Mallet; but G. E. C, iii. 178, corrects this, as she was d. 

and coh. of Thomas Provis, of Charlton, near Shepton 

Mallet.] 

[FURY.] Bicknor English. Impaled with Wyrall, 

1702, named Browne, 1739, in error: "On 
a fess 3 mullets pierced betw. as many 
martlets." [Really, "Arg. on a fess betw. 3 martlets sa. as 
many mullets of the field." Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 140: Martha, 
fourth d. of Thomas P. and Barbara Kyrle, married Jeptha 
Wyrall.] 

? PURY. Tainton. " Arg. on a fess betw. 3 fleurs-de- 

lis sa. (certainly an error in reading ; should 
be martlets, which Rudder, 726, gives with 
added tinctures) 3 mullets of the first," 1684. [_Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 140: Robert, s. of Thomas P. and Barbara Kyrle, 
scholar of Pembroke College, Oxon.] The same error, 
impaling Kyrle, 1688. [This is Barbara of the last.] The 
same error, quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3 [More]. The 
ped. in Glos. Vis. begins with Thomas P. marrying Maud, 
d. and h. of William A'More, co. Berks. The same as last, 
1693, impaling Kyrle. [Thomas, s. of Thomas and Mary 
Alye, married Barbara, d. of James K., of Walford, co. 
Hereford.] The same error, 1709, Sarah, sixth d. of Thomas 
P. and Barbara Kyrle. Rudder, aged 54. The same error^ 
1732, impaled with Whittington. [Elizabeth, third d. of 
Thomas P. and Barbara Kyrle, married Rev. William W.] 
The same error, quarterly i and 4 Whittington, 2 and 3 
P., 1724. [This is the Rev. Samuel W., s. of the last pair, 
and this shows by being quartered that Elizabeth, his 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



379 



mother, actually became out of such a numerous family 
either h. or coh. before she died.] 

PYE. Dymock. " Erm. a bend lozengy gu.," 1729^ 

Crest : Cross fitchy (gu.) betw. 2 wings 
(arg.). [Monument says Edward Pye 
Chamberlain, Esq., of the Boyce ; and Rudder, 411, says 
there is a flatstone with these arms to Edward P., of Boyce, 
who died 1692, aged 80. I cannot find a Chamberlain-Pye 
marriage, so perhaps he only inherited the property.] 
PYNDAR. Kempley. Two shields. First : " Az. a chev. 

betw. 3 lions' heads erased or ducally 
crowned," 1722. [Rudder, 509, gives the 
coat false, " Arg. a chev. betw. 3 lions' heads erased or," 
leaving out the crowns; Nayler and Atkyns give the " chev. 
arg." The "chev." and "heads" were originally "arg.," 
and the latter " goutty de poix"; very hkely this has 
become "erminois."] Impaling Loggin, 1759, Thomas P. 
and Elizabeth his wife. Second : The same, 1721, impaling 
Lygon, 1736. [Reginald P. married Margaret, d. of William 
L. and Margaret, d. and h. of Thomas Corbyn, so her coat 
ought to have been quartered.] 

RKE. Abbenhall. Impaling ? Colchester, 1738 : 

"Arg. on a fess sa. 3 mullets of the first, a 
canton erm.," 1715. Nathaniel P., Esq.^ 
of Michel Dean, married Mary, d. of Sir Buncombe C, 
Knt. Dean Michael. Impaled with Sergeaunt, 1698. 
The same, untinctured, 1653, Edward S. and Ann his wife^ 
Little Dean. The same, untinctured, 1702, Thomas P. and 
his wife Deborah. ? [PIort] : " A cross and index chief point 
a rose." [Fosbrooke, ii. 162, does not give her surname.], 
The same, 1752, impaling Yate, 1762. Thomas P. married 
Dorothy, d. of Richard Y., of Arlingham. Stapleton. Second 
atchment. Third quartering of Whitchurch on escut. of 
pret. on Smyth. The same, only the "fess az." Third 
atchment. The same as last, only it is quarterly 2 and 3 with 
I and 4 Walter. Also on monument, see Rudder, 694, but 
arms not given. Quarterly 2 and 3 with i and 4 Walter, on 



380 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



escut. ofpret. on Whitchurch. [Fosbrooke, ii. 162, confirms 
this ped., and says Rowles Walter married Jane, d. of 
Nathaniel P. and Mary Colchester ; but she had a brother, 
Duncombe, who continued the line, so how she became an 
h. is not proved.] 

PYTCHARD. Maysemon. Fifth quartering of Fembruge, 
1784 : " Gu. a fess or betw. 3 escallops arg." 
[This is the third quartering of Baskerville, 

the third here, in Hereford Vis., 1569, p. 7; but neither in 

that ped. nor in the P. one, p. 59, is it proved.] 

QUINTINE. Almondshivy. Second quartering of Ivy, 1630 : 

"Erm. on a chief gu. 3 lions ramp, or." • 
Bigland says rightly, wrongly marshalled. 
This should be impaled with Ivy quarterly with Vyell, as 
Hugh, s. of Thomas I., married Ann, d. of Michael Q. 

QUERIES. 

Parishes. 

ABSTON& WICK. Obliterated impahng of Haynes, 1709. 
^' [There is no Thomas H. in the Visitations, 

but Rudder, 212, and monument says he 
was lord of the manor, and that her Christian name was 
Mary.] On a shield betw. Samuel Woodward, 1648, and 
Mrs. Mary Seede, widow, formerly wife of Samuel W., are 
3 chevronells." [So I suppose it is her maiden coat.] 

ALDERI.EY. Impaling of [ Devonshier] , 1731 : "A cross 
betw. 4 eagles displ." [Christopher, of 
Bristol; but there are so many bearing this 

coat that, without tinctures and ped., it is impossible to say 

for certain, perhaps Strachey.] 

ALMONDSBURY. Second quartering of Veele, 1577 : "A chief 
^' erm." [This is not given among the quar- 

terings in Glos. Vis. ; possibly intended for 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



381 



Harding, as Jeffery le V. married Maud, d. and h. of Elias H., 
younger brother of Robert Fitzharding.] Fifth quartering 
of the same, not in Vis. : "3 lozenges conjoined in fess." [No 
tinctures, and no ped. to guide one.] 



Impaling of Saunders : A chev. betw. 
3 leopards' faces." Monument says Dorothy, 
1674, widow of John S., M.D. No tinctures. 

Over initials M. C, 1728, and E. H., 1749: 
" Chev. betw. 3 crescents." [No tinctures. 
Perhaps Hodges or Goddard.] 

Two shields. Second in one and fourth in 
the other quartering o^ Weston : " Six 
fleurs-de-lis in pile" [i.e. 3.2.1. This does 
nor come in the Surrey Vis. quartering of W.], Charles W., 
1724. Third quartering in both : " Six lioncels ramp." 
[This also does not come into the Surrey Vis. quarterings, 
but by the marshalling it is brought in by the last.] Jane, 
relict of Charles W., 1742. Sixteenth shield on screen: 

" Chequy or and az. within bord. gu. billette arg.," 

£Might be Dreux or Warren.] Impaled with Wihiam Freme. 
No date. " A bend compone on a chief 3 escallops." [No 
tinctures. Possibly Gamage.] 



AMPNEY 
CRUCIS. 
4- 



BECKFORD. 
5- 



BERKELEY. 
7- 



BICKNOR Impaled with Tomkins — Edward Tomkms 

ENGLISH. , „ J TT 1 , • 

8. Machen, 1770, and Hannah his relict: 

" Three eagles' heads erased." [Glos. Vis., 

1623, notes p. 108, gives their marriage, and she was a 

widow ; so it would be her maiden coat, but there are no 

tinctures.] 



382 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



BISLEY. Impaled with Poole, 1720: "A chev. 

^' betw. 3 spearheads," Robert P., of Brown's 

Hill, and Sarah Crump, his sister. [He 
does not come into the Vis. peds.] In churchyard. On a 
fess betw. 3 escallops a mullet," Ann, d. of Peter Clissold,. 
1742, and wife of Edward Parham, of Stroud. Crest : Demi 
lion holding escallop. [Neither arms or crest are Parham 
or Clissold.] 



BITTON. 2.3.4.5 quarterings of Jones. 2 : " Az. a stag's 

head caboshed or." [A great many families 
bear this ; query 3 Aparke or 5 Helyon, 
quarterings of Trye. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 169.] 3: '* Arg. 
3 acorns az." [? *' Gu. 3 covered cups or," second quartering 
of Trye.] 4 : " Sa. a cross coupe engr. or betw. 4 martlets 
arg." [?'* Arg. a cross engr. betw. 4 estoiles gu." Gorney 
in Glos. Vis. It might be Norreys.] 5 : " On a fess wavy 
betw. 3 water bougets 3 crosses croslet." 



BLOCKLEY. " Arg. a chev. betw. 3 saltires raguly sa." 

Motto : " Virtus propter se." [The motto 
does not help, and there is no raguly ; 
though several "engr. saltires" in Papworth, the nearest 
would be Paternoster.] No inscription to tell name. 

S. BRIAVEL'S. 2 and 3 quartering of Carpenter, 1680:. 
12. 

** Three estoiles and a chief vaire," . 

^Glos. Vis., 1682, ped. begins with the 
marriage of Maurice C. with Lucie, d. and coh. of John 
Hope, alias Bayle}^, possibly a variation of last.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



383 



BROMES- Note. Second banner. Dexter arm vam- 

braced issuant from a cloud holding a sword. 
Motto: " Ora & pugna, Jehovah juvat 
& juvabit." Glass from the mano/, house of Quedgeley, 
which belonged to the family of Chapman, and at this 
time to the Yates: "Per pale az. and gu. on a chev. arg. 
betw. 3 palm trees of the third, a rose betw. two pinks ppr, 
slipped or" (this last is sure to be faded vert, else it would 
be false). The Rev. W. Wynn Lloyd, the present Rector, 
has sent me two varieties of this (one has oak branches and 
marigolds, the other three pinks), and says it is the Priory 
OF Llanthony. 



CHURCHAM. Impaled with Harris, 1673: "A dolphin," 

Sarah his wife, 1685. [Possibly James.] 

CIRENCESTER. On capital of pillar, N. side. "A cross 
encircled." 



BISHOP S Second shield on Southam chimnev-piece. 

CLEEVE. ^ , . ^ ^ 

16. " Gu. a chiet counter-compone or and az. 

over all a bend arg.," [Possibly Pap- 

worth's " Per chief or and az. and gu. a bend arg.," 
Hansted. It is marshalled with De la Bere, but is not 
among their quarterings, and I cannot find' connection.] 
Remains from Hayles Abbey. Seventh shield. " Fess 
humetty betw. 6 crosses botonny." [There was a tile in 
Little Malvern like this ; possibly Peverell or Beauchamp.] 
Eighth shield on Southam chimney-piece. Ninth quartering 
of De la Bere, and 2 and 3 quartering with i and 4 Newman, 
impaled with De la Bere : " Arg. 2 bendlets and a cinquefoil 

in chief gu. (now 5 foil sa.)," [So this is brought in by 

Newman, possibly Ireton, as Rudder says " Arg. a bend 
voided gu. in chief a rose," but I cannot find connection.] 
Impaled with Uvedale, 1737: Chequy in chief a rose." 
[Rudder says " on chief," for which Papworth says Chequy 
arg. and sa. on a chief or a rose gu. leaved vert seeded of the 



384 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

third," Halfpenny. I cannot find a James or Jacob U. in 
ped. or the family H.] 



CLIFFORD 2 and ^ quarterinsf of Dighton : " Az. ^ 
CHAMBERS. ^ . a u ^ " r-ru 

17. lalcons arg. ducally crowned or. [Ihe 

only hs. I can find are Bee and Atkinson.] 

CLIFTON. Impaled with [Davis] : "A saltire," Mary, 

BRISTOL. 

18. 17585 Wife of George D., of Ducklington, 
CO. Oxford. Second quartering of [Price] , 

1744: "A scaling ladder in bend betw. 3 escallops . . ." 
[Query Lloyd.] 



2 and 3 quartering of Ridley, i and 4 : 
"Per fess indented in chief 3 escallops," 

, 1713, Sarah, the wife of Richard R., 

aged 76. 

DEAN MICHEL. Chancel window. " On a fess gu. betw. 3 
20. 

birds, as many roses arg.," query Payne. 

DEERHURST. Second shield on Cassey tomb: "3 lions 
21 . 

pass, in pale," [Canon Bazeley, 

Glos. Trans., xi. 3, says the tinctures are 
*' sa. and arg.," in which case it would be English ; it is 
untinctured, so there are others that it might be.] 



COALEY, OR 
COWLEY. 
19. 



DYMOCK. Second shield on tower. "Two bendlets 

charged with bars dancette." [? De la 
River.] 

EASTINGTON. 2 and 3 quartering of ? Fowler, impaled 
with Stephens : " On a bend 3 crosses 
croslet . . ." 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



385 



FAIRFORD. Impaled with Barker : " Arg. a pomegranate 
ppr. . . ." [Bigland gives Whitson a 
pomegranate, most probably owing tO' 

Spanish connections, so this may be that, though I cannot 

find a B.-W. marriage, possibly som'e other Spanish lady. 

See also Query, 31.] 

Impaled with Stratford : "A bend engr. a 

crescent for diff. . . ." [Perhaps 

intended for a bend erm., Walwyn.] 

2 and 3 quartering of Hampton : " Lozengy 
arg. and gu.," [Perhaps Fitzwilliam.] 

Fifth shield. " A chev. betw. 3 leopards'' 

faces jessant," [Possibly the **chev." 

is a wrong reading for " bend," when it would 
be Dennys.] 

i: " A lion ramp. ..." 2: " On a chev. 3. 
escallops betw. as many cinquefoils in chief 
a garb. . . ." Crest: Dexter arm vambraced 
holding sword. Blaunche Oviatt, 1592, and her youngest 
s. Peter, 1588. [I cannot find this family, but in Glos. Trans. ^ 
ii. 239, Blaunche is stated to be widow of Peter O., vicar, 
and that she remarried D. Gardner; but the coat given omits 
the "in chief a garb.," but in vol. xix. 341 they are given as 
above, and in the note Blanche is given as wife of William 
G., and the name is spelled Oveat, so it is most probable the 
first is intended for O. and the second for G.] Impaled with 
Pulton, 1744: "... lion ramp. . . . betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis 
. . . 1752." Elizabeth ? Poole, wife of Samuel Pulton, and 
below Pulcon impaling Pulton — Ann, wife of Samuel P.., 
1726, so it looks as if Samuel married twice; he is not 
entered in the Glos. Vis., 1682, ped.] 



GUITING 
POHER. 
25. 



MINCHIN- 
HAMPTON. 
26. 



HARDWICKE. 
27. 



HARESFIELD. 
28. 



386 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



HASFIELD. Chancel window, anciently. First shield. 

" Gu. 6 plates." [Perhaps ''6 bezants," 
Zouch.] 

HAWKESBURY. 2 and 3 quarterings with i and 4, named 
Stinchcombe, 1452 : "... a chev. betw. 
3 garbs." [There are so many families 

bearing this, and there are no tinctures, and as I cannot find 

ped. or arms of S. it must remain a quer}^.] 

HAYLES. 2 and 3 quarterings of Hobbey. 2: " . . . 

3 battle-axes ..." [Perhaps " Gu. 3 
halberts in fess arg. staves or," ancient 
Badland.] 3 : . . . 3 lozenges conjoined in fess . . ." 
[Perhaps " Arg. 3 spindles in fess gu. threaded or," Badland.] 
Impaling quarterly i and 6 : " Eagle displ." [Perhaps " Sa. 
eagle displ. arg. membered gu.," Cregerith.] 2 : " . . . lion 
ramp. . . ." [Perhaps "Arg. a lion ramp. sa. armed and 
langued gu.," Rhys.] 3: "... a pomegranate . . ." 
[Perhaps " Sa. a pomegranate leaved and slipped or seeded 
gu.," Rhys.] 4: " • . . lion reguard. ..." [Perhaps 
Elistan.] 5 : "... a chev. betw. 3 boars' heads couped 
. . ." [Perhaps Cadogan.] Sir Richard Hobey married 
Margaret, d. and h. of Philip ap Rice. 



HENBURY. Impaled with [Davie]: "Per pale dancette 
or and az. 2 fleurs-de-lis counterchanged." 
[Papworth says " Per pale crenelly or and 
az. 2 fleurs-de-lis of the first," Gosnall ; but these would not 
be counterchanged. Perhaps Aylward.] Rev. John D., 
and the monumental inscription is signed S. D. Impaling 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



387 



Petre : . . . 2 garbs ... in base a lamb ... a chief 
chequy." [Monument says George Petre, 1630, and Eleanor 
his wife erected it. If so, the arms are wrongly marshalled ; 
but the George P. of the ped. in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 123, 
married Grace, d. of John Pill, and the one on p. 124 is not 
married. Then another George P., 1698, and Elizabeth his 
wife, 1702. Again, Ehzabeth, 1710, wife of Samuel Roach. 
This would be right marshalling, but there is no R. like this 
known. Possibly it might be a guild coat, which when they 
had no arms of their own they sometimes used.] 

Glass in church. First shield. " Or a fess 
gu. over all a bend az." 

2 and 3 quartering of Oldysworth, impaled 
with Scott, 1686 : "... 4 lozenges in bend 
. . . each charged with a rose ..." 

In a lozenge shield. "A mullet within a bord. 
engr.," impaling Kingstone, 1683 — Bridget, 
relict of Roger Andrewes, gent. 

Fourth quartering of Blount on stone shield 
outside W. door three lions ramp. 

(? guard.) 2 and i . . . ." [Possibly error 
for **Arg. 3 demi lions ramp, gu.," Esturmy. Quartering 
of Seymour the second one.] 

MARSHFIELD. One, really two in 1903, shields, marshalled 
with Bearpacker, 1715. First: "... (1903 
az.) a chev. . . . betw. 3 croslets fitchee 

. . . (1903 arg.)," query Reynolds. Second, not given by 

Bigland or Rudder : " Az. a chev. betw. 3 annulets arg.," 

query Dobyns. 



HORTON. 
33. 



KEMPSFORD. 
34- 



LONGHOPE. 
35- 



MANGOTS- 
FIELD. 
36. 



Vol. XXVIII. 



27 



388 Transactions for the Year J905. 



MEYSEY Fourth shield, impaled with Vaulx : " . . . 

HAMPTON. u ^ a ^ a 

38. chequy lozengy arg. and vert on a bend. gu. 

. . . heads erased . . . ." [Query reading 

of blazon, probably Yonge.] Impaled with [Guiswald or 

Griswald] : "A bend in chief and a chev. in base,"- 

Margaret, wife of Edward G., gent., 1625. 



MICKLETON. Fourth shield. 2 and 3 quarterings of 
[Chaloner], 1642. 2: "... a chev. . . . 
betw. 3 stags' heads cabossed. . . ." 
[Perhaps Parker.] 3 a lion ramp, az." [Most 

likely a Welsh family.] Impaled with Smith, 1768, and 
Utrecia his wife, 1760 : "... a fess betw. 3 fleurs-de- 
lis. . . ." Second quartering of Fisher: "Arg. on fess. 
engr. az. 3 crosses pattee or," query [Paul] . 



MINSTER- Two shields. Impaled with Clent, 1672 — 

WORTH. ^ , , , . -r ^ 

40. John and his wile Anne, 166b: " Az. 3 

bars wavy betw. 3 rocks arg." [I thought 
rocks might be rooks, but the only bird one like it is " Sa. 
3 bars wavy betw. as many swans arg.," Waters, co. Kent.] 

MISERDEN. Sixth quartering of Sandys, 1640: " Az. a 
fess betw. 2 chevs. or." [Most probably a 
quartering of Bedgberie, a Suffolk family.] 



NEWENT. Impaled with Hooke, 1671: "... 3 uni- 

corns' heads couped." [Over Thomas H. 
and Elenour his wife, 1674. •'^ot in Hook 

ped., perhaps Head.] Impaled with Master, 1687: ". . . 

a chev. betw. 3 mullets . . ." Thomas M. and Susannah 

his wife, 1706. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



389 



NEWINGTON On atchievement, impaled with Webbe : 
BAGPATH. , , ^ 1 ^ ' 

^2 "... a chev. erm. betw. 3 leoparas 

faces. . . ." [Perhaps Goodwin.] Impaled 

with Webbe, 1707: " Arg. on a bend*, cotized az. 3 lozenges 

of the first." [According to Glos. Vis., 1682, Hale ped., 

Edmund W. married Ehzabeth H., but neither of these is 

Hale.] 



NIBLEY. Second shield. "Per pale sa. and arg. 3 

'^'^* lions ramp, counterchanged." [Papworth 

gives this as Palliser, but it is more likely 
to be an error for the old Welsh coat, as Grace of the 
monument was d. and h. of Thomas, 1609.] 

NOTGROVE. Third quartering of ? Poole : "... on a 
bend ... 3 balls." [Rudder, 583, "four 
roundlets," perhaps Chamberlaine.] 



PAINSWICK. Second wife, impaled with Castleman. 
46. 

(Rudder, 596, Jonathan, 1738. Not in Glos. 

Vis. J 1682, ped. "Arg. a fess engr. sa gutte 
de sang or (!) betw. 3 greyhounds' heads erased sa. collared 
. . , " [Query reading of blazon.] Impaled with New- 
land, 1721. "Per chev. . . . and erm. in chief 3 roses 

• . ." [Glos. N. and Q.,u 181. This may be Tocknell, 

1756. or Marshall, 1784]. 



PAUNTLEY. Glass in windows. Frst shield. . . 3 
47. 

swans," impaled with Diggs, 1713, *'A 
lion ramp. 

PRESTON- Twelfth shield in window. " Chequy . . . 

UPON-AVON. ^ „^ ^ , 

48. a less ... Impalmg " Erm. on a chief gu. 

2 bezants." [Perhaps Clifford and Russell.] 



390 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Second and twelfth quartering of Mariet, 1709: " Erm. 3 
torteaux." [Perhaps intended for " Arg. a fess az. in chief 
3 torteaux." Quartering of Bering.] Third and eighth 
quartering of Mariet, 1709 : " Per pale arg. and sa. a saltire 
counterchanged." [Perhaps "Or a saltire sa.," Bering.] 
Fourth and seventh quartering of same : " Arg. 4 bendlets 
sa." [Perhaps " Arg. a bend betw. two cotises sa.," Sur- 
renden.] Ninth quartering of same : " Arg. a cross engr. 
gu. in the first quarter a mullet az." [Perhaps " Or a cross 
engr. gu. with mullet for diff.," Hawte.] Thirteenth quarter- 
ing of the same : " Az. a chev. betw. 3 mullets arg." [I 
fancy these may be grand quarters quartered read right 
through, or else an impaled coat treated in the same 
way, and that it means Bering and Ingoldesby, 1710, 
quarterings.] 



QUEDGLEY. "... a chev. . . . betw. 10 quarterfoils 
. . ." Over monument to Richard Berrow, 
grandfather of Jamis, 1562, also in brackets 
("ten escallops in bend 3.4.3. on a chief a lion pass, guard.") 
over monument to Jamis Berow. [See Rudder, 613, but no 
arms; also to Elizabeth, 1584, wife of Jamis B., Esq., nevy 
(nephew) to the said Richard, and d. of Edmond Foxe, of 
Lydford, Esq., had issue 3 sons and 3 daughters.] 



SALPERTON. 2 and 3 quartering of Beale, 1782: "Arg. 

on a chev. sa. betw. 3 birds of the last, 
as many mullets arg.," [If the birds 

are crows it would be Rokeby, or Papworth says Tasburgh, 

of Clanny, co, Glouc, granted 1739.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



391 



Twenty-four coats of arms on oak cornice^ 
No blazon. 

Paly of 10 ... a bend . . ." , 

William . . . 1695. [Perhaps Langford 

or Solers.] 

Impaled with Stone : "... on a chev. 
. . . betw. 3 unicorns trippant ... 5 

mascles . . ." , An(n), 1692. [There 

was an Anne Haynes, 1679, married . . . Stone, but their 
arms are quite different.] 

SODBURY On sinister side of Walshe a shield defaced, 
24. ' and on dexter side a shield " per pale and 
per fess dancette." [I suppose this to be 
"quarterly per fess dancetty may be indented," Acton or 
Fitzwarren.] Also 2 and 3 grand quarters of the same 
Walshe, which are quarterly i and 4 : "... 3 fleurs-de-lis 
. . ." and 2 and 3 a chev. engr. . . . betw. 3 fleurs- 
de-lis . . [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 264, says John W., of 

Olveston, married Elizabeth, d. and h. to Richard Ffoster, of 
Corbery : if this is intended, the charges would be pheons 
and buglehorns.] 



SAPERTON, 
5'- 



SEVEN- 
HAMPTON. 
52. 



UPPER 
SLAUGHTER. 
53. 



SODBURY OLD. Third quartering of Stephens, 1728: "3 

greyhounds courant in pale ..." 

[Most probably brought in with Thorpe, the 
second quartering.] 

STAUNTON, NEAR "... on chev. betw. ^ lions pass, reguard 
NEWLAND. „ » 

56. 3 roses, , 1705. Crest : A lion pass. 

regard. [This is Jenkins' crest. Monument 

says Mary, wife of Thomas Wysham ; it is not W., so one 

would think that it was her maiden coat, but it bears crest, 



392 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



and is not in lozenge shield; perhaps intended for James or 
Fowler.] 



Impaled with Banister, 1627 on a 

fess ... a crescent . . . and in chief 2 
balls," 

Party per fess or and gu. 3 boars' heads 
and . . . counterchanged." Monument says 
John Cox, of Woodland, 1793. 

STONEHOUSE. Impaled with Ball and Smyth quarterly: 
"... a chev. . . . betw. 3 crosses patte 
. . . in chief a cinquefoil." Quarterly i and 

4 ? [Davies] : " Az. a cross fleury or betw. 4 castles or," 

2 and 3 : "Gu. a chev. sa. betw. 3 mullets sa." [False. "Or 
a chev. betw. 3 mullets sa." is Davies which the monument 
mentioned, but I can make nothing of the i and 4.] 



STAVERTON. 
57- 



STONE. 
58. 



STRATTON. Impaled with Boyce, 1823 : " A chev. ermine 

engr. betw. 3 fleur-de-lis," ,1832. [Brown 

bore a chev. erminois, but not engr.] 

STROUD. Impaled with Freame, 1664: " Gu. an arm 

in armour issuing from the dexter side arg. 
garnished or," Anne, 1694. [Marriage not 
in Glos. Vis. Rudder, 715, gives these arms as above the next 
monument, Clutterbuck, but they really are at the bottom of 
Thomas F., and gives them as " Gu. a dex. arm vambraced 
or."] Impaled with Wathen, 1786: "Arg. a fess engr. az. 

in chief 3 fleur-de-lis gu.," , Ann, 1803. [Perhaps variation 

of lies.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



393 



SWELL, LOWER. On pulpit cloth. Impaled with Atkyns : 
62. 

*' Gu. 3 boars' heads erased betw. 2 
bendlets arg." 

TETBURY. Impaled with Fisher-: "Arg. on a bend 

wavy sa. 3 birds close or," ; " Gu a 

bend erm. betw. 2 water bougets," 

[Monument says Wicks, 1771. The W.'s bore " Gu. a bend 
erm. cotised or," so this is a variation.] 2 and 3 quartering 
of Gastrell, 1586 : "... 10 billets . . . and in chief a 

crescent," [The only h. marriage I can find is Richard 

G. marries Ann, d. and h. of Thomas Butler, of Badminton, 
which Nayler gives as Gu, 2 bars erm."] This last impales 
a quarterly coat i and 4 : " . . . per fess dancette . . 
— — ; and 2 and 3 : "... an eagle displ. . . ." [Rudder, 
732, cannot make much out of the blazon.] 



TEWKESBURY. Impaled with (?) [Wintle] : " A bend 
raguty," , 1694. Impaled with Hay- 
ward, 1768 : " 3 bars." [Perhaps Stanford.] 

TODENHAM. "... 3 spears in fess . . [Monument 
says Taylor, 1767; but it may be Mrs. T.'s 
coat, 1784.] 

TODINGTON. Seventh quartering of Keyt : " Arg. a chev. 

betw. 3 fishes hauriant gu. the one in base 
betw. 2 pellets (!) of the second (torteaux)." 
[Perhaps another variation of Salmon.] 2 and 3 quartering 

of Tracy, 1756: "Arg. a chev. betw. 3 mullets sa.," 

[This might be Browne, co. Glouc] Several impaled shields 
of Tracy, supposed to be an illuminated ped. Seventh : T. 
impaling " Az. a cross croslet fitchee or," Eighth : " Arg. 



394 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



9 escallops sa. 3. 3.2. 1.," Ninth: Az. 3 arrows arg.," 

Tenth: " Az. a wolf's head ppr.," Eleventh: 

same as eighth. Twelfth: " Arg. on a chev. sa. 3 roses 
arg.," Thirteenth: Gu. a chev. barry," Four- 
teenth : ** Az. a fleur-de-lis or," 



TORTWORTH. Impaled with ? [Cooke] , 1840: "A bend." 
67. 

[Monument says Clarke, 1813. Perhaps 
" Arg. on a bend sa. a cross croslet fitchy 
or." Rudder, 795.] Eleventh and twelfth quarterings of 
Throkmorton, 1607: "Arg. a mullett or (false) within an 
orle of 6 martlets 3.2.1. sa." [This quarterings or the next 
does not come in the Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 162, as that finishes 
with Whittington, the tenth here. Certainly the Baynham 
quarterings ought to come in, as Sir William T., p. 163, 
married (Cicely, Rudder, 776), d. and cob. of Thomas B., 
but they are not like these.] 12 : " Checkie arg. and or a 
chief erminois," 



TURLEY &HAW. 2 and 3 quarterings of Smallbrooke, 1642, 
impaled with Turton. 2: *'Az. 3 pelletts 
coupt. at the ends (!) arg." [Query the 
blazon; is it " palets couped," which might be "billets"?] 
3 : " Gu. a chev, or." [I cannot find ped. of S.] ? [Brerch], 
1681 :*'... a chev. betw. 3 escallops . . ." and its 
impaling, "... semee of fleur-de-lis and a water- 
bouget ..." 



* 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



395 



Second of two shields. ... on a chev. 

3 quarterfoils, in a canton a martlet," 

[Possibly Eyre.] 

Impaled with Dorney, 1700: " Az. a chev,. 
compony or and az. betw. 3 birds arg.," 1701^ 
l^Glos. N. and Q., iii. 440, gives no clue to 
this, and I can find no ped., neither do the entries tally with 
Bigland's monument.] 

WESTBURY- In old house. Impaled with Colchester : 
ON-SEVERN. , , „^ 

71. . . . 3 crescents. [Query, " 3 hands. ] 

WESTBURY-ON- Third atchment. Impaled with and escut. 

72. of pret. on [Edwards] : Arg. 3 bars and 
on a canton gu. a cross arg." Escut. of 

pret. quarterly I and 4: " Or a lion ramp, sa." 2 arid 3 : 
" Arg. a fess betw. 3 annulets sa." 



TWINING. 

69. 



ULEY. 
70. 



WHEATEN- 2 and 3 quartering of Small : Gu. 3 books 
73 ' clasped close or." [The only h. marriage I 
can find is Overy, which is Or 3 martlets 
az."] , impaling " Arg. a lion ramp. sa. ducally crowned gu.," 
[? Owen, but I cannot find marriage.] 



WHITTINGTON. Second shield, marshalled with de Crupes : 

" Barry of 6," Second quartering of 

Tracy, ? 1768: Az. a cross croslet fitchi 

or." [See Todington, 66, seventh shield.] 



39^ Transactions for the Year 1905. 



WICKWAR. Impaled with Stokes, 1773. Quarterly 
I and 4 : " Or on a canton az. a griffin's 
head erased . . ." [? Jacob], 1791. 

2 and 3 : " Gu. on a bend arg. 3 mullets sa.," 



WINTER- 
BOURN. 
76. 



Impaled with Buck, 1631 : "... on a bend 
. . . 3 mullets ..." might be Bampfylde. 



WITHINGTON. 
77- 



Fourth atchment. Impaled with Fielding: 
" Sa. 3 estoiles arg. with a crescent for diff. 
within bord. engr. or." [Papworth says 
Baron.] 



WOOD- 2, 3, and 4 quarterings of Huntley. 2 : 
CHESTER. T-» 1 n r 
78. " Per pale . . . 3 on a less 

... 3 balls ... in chief 3 mullets . . . and 

in base 3 balls . . ." 4: " .... on a fess a spears 

head ... in chief 3 balls . . . and in base a pheon's head 

, . ." , [In Glos. Vis,, 1623, p. 92, Huntley is quarterly 

of six, but none like these.] Third quartering of Walshe : 

*' Arg. on a chev. az. betw. 3 pheons' heads ... a pheon's 

head . . ." [Possibly Foster.] Impaled with Peach, 

1788 : " Arg. on a fess betw. 3 martlets sa. as many escallops 

or." [_Mis. Gen. et Her., ii. 309: Nathaniel P. married Julia 

Maria, d. of WiUiam Keasberry. Fosbrooke, i. 272, Treasbury. 

I cannot find either families or arms.] 



WORMINGTON. First hatchment. 2 and 3 quarterings of 
[Westenra], impaled with Gist, given as 
Westenra : Per saltire arg. and or, 2 
leopards' heads countercharged (if so, false) in chief and 
base on sides or two roses gu. barbed and seeded ppr." [I 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



397 



read a hatchment in Broadway studio, removed there, I sup- 
pose, from the church, as third quartering: " Per saltire arg. 
and or, a cross croslet az. betw. in chief and in base a leopard's 
face ppr. and in fess 2 roses gu. barbed and seeded ppr."] 
[Possibly Placeway.] Second hatchrnent. 2 and 3 quartering 
with I and 4 Gist: " Or 3 cypress trees vert betw. 2 chains 
sa. bendwise, on dexter side a wreath sa." [Broadway was 
Or 3 leaves vert in bend betw. 2 chains as bendlets sa. and 
as many chaplets of the second " (I think the chaplets are 
intended for annulets of chains). This was the second 
•quartering in the first hatchment.] Third hatchment has 
Gist i and 4 with 2 and 3 the. last, and the first one as an 
escut. of pret. [Possibly the second is Selleck, as there is a 
very similar coat on a monument in Buckland Newton, 
Dorset, which is attributed to S.] 



WOTTON Impaled with Rous, 1771: ''Sa on a fess 
UNDEREDGE. ^ , , „ . . 

80. eiigr- arg. 3 hands or, , 1781. [This 

is false, and perhaps the blazon wrong as 

well.] Eighth quartering of Baynham, 1667 : "Az. 4 martlets 

and label of 3 points or." [In Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 12, the 

sixth quartering of B. is given as " Az. 2 bars gemell or, 

in chief a file of five points arg." Not named.] Second 

and fourth quartering of Oldisworth. 2 : " Arg. 6 fusils 

in bend sa.," and 4: " Sa. an etoil or a chief checque arg. 

and sa.," 



TATE. 
81. 



Two shields of Mason, 1740, impaling 
"Arg. on a chev. gu. 3 roses of the field," 
1729. [Rudder gives this on p. 855.] 



398 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



ADDENDA. 

FRAMPTON Second shield in window. Impaled with 
COTTEREL. ^ , , , , r 1 

82. Acton: " Arg. a cnev. betw. 3 falcons 

rising gu.," [Bigland gives a coat with 

the " chev. az. and the falcons rising ppr.," which he assigns 

to Philipps, but I can find no Acton-Philipps marriage.] 

RAMSDEN. Tortwovth. Third atchment. Impaled with 
Moreton quarterly : " Arg. on a chev. betw.. 
(3) fleurs-de-lis sa. 3 rams' heads coupt». 

of the first." [G. E. C. iii. 178 : Thomas, second Baron 

Ducie, married in 1774 Margaret, second d. of Sir John R.,. 

third Bart., by Margaret, d. and h. of William Norton ; so 

this should have been a quartered coat.] 

RANDOLPH. Tethury. " Sa. 3 mullets or a chief indented 
erm," 1740. [Rudder makes no mention ; 
without reference to monument I cannot say 
who this is.] 

RATCLIFF. Sliipton Moyne. Impaled with Hodges, 1757: 
"Arg. a bend engr. sa.," 1754. [Rev= 
Walter H., Provost of Oriel, married Eliza- 
beth, d. of the Rev. Robert R. Not in the Glos. Vis., 1682, 
ped.] Stonehouse. Impaling *' a fess betw. 3 crescents," 
? Hodges. [Rudder, 703 : " Arg. a bend engr. sa." This is 
all he gives, but Bigland adds : " On a canton of the first a 
horse's head coupt of the second." This in Biirk&s Armory 
is said to be Radcliffe, of co. Devon. Monument says John 
R., D.D., 1775, and Mary his wife, last descendants of Robert 
R., B.D., 1707, who was born in Devonshire. If the "fess 
betw. 3 crescents " is Hodges, which monument does not 
prove, it would be " Az. a fess betw. 3 crescents or."] 
RAYMOND. Cirencester. Fifth shield in Jesus Chapel. 

" Arg. a chev. betw. 3 eagles displ. sa. on a 
chief (of the) first a bend betw. 2 eagles 
(of the) second." [The chief ought to be sa., and the 
bend which Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 291, gives 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



399 



as engr., but leaves out the birds arg., and says Sir 
Jonathan R., Knt.] Thovnhiivy. Sa. a chev. arg. betw. 
3 eagles displ. or, on a chief of the third 3 martlets gu." 
Crest, which Rudder, 759, does not give : Seal's head and 
neck erased ppr. [Not in Fairbairn.' WiUiam R., Esq., 
and his relict Hester, 1764, d. of John Tayer.] The same, 
1756, impaling first wife Vanderesch, also impaling second 
wife Hampton. [William R., of Libland, in this parish, 
Esq., married first Mary, d. of Jacob V., of the Hague, and 
secondly Mary, third d. and coh. of Philip H., of Westbury, 
in the Forest of Dean.] 

RAYNSFORD. Clifford Chambers, Two shields with fifteen 
quartefings. First, 1 583. i : " Arg. a 
cross sa.," Hercules R., Esq., lord of 

the manor. Second, 1632. i : The same, Sir Henry R., 

Knt., s. of the last. [The ped. of Raynsford in 1623 Vis. 

has most of these quarterings, but these come only in 

the note.] 

^EAD. Oddington. First atchment. Gu. a saltire 

betw. 4 garbs or," with Ulster coat {i.e. 
Bart.'s inescutcheon), impaling Herbert, 
Sir . . . Read, Bart. [But I cannot find marriage. G. E. C.'s 
Barts., iii. 173, proves, I think, what is meant, viz. that the 
arms of Herbert are really Hoskyns, i.e. instead of the blazon 
Per pale az. and gu. 3 lions ramp, arg." it should be '* Per 
pale az. and gu. a chev. betw. 3 lions ramp, or." Sir John 
Reade, of Shipton Court, married Jane, second d. of Sir 
Chandos H. He died 1789, and she, who resided at 
Oddington, in 1846.] Crest : Falcon with wings expanded 
ppr. belled and jessed or, standing on a reed lying fesswise 
vert. [Armories say : On the stump of a tree vert a falcon 
rising ppr. belled and jessed or, and the motto " Cedant arma 
togse."] 

RE(A)DY. Fairford. "Arg. 3 cros croslets sa. on a chief 

gu. a lion pass, (guard.) or," 1731, Sarah, 
the wife of Thomas Townsend, of Sudeley, 

and after of Alexander R. 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



REDISH. Maysemore. "... a fess engr. betw. 6 cross 

croslets fitche,'' 1708, Edmund R., gent. 
[The nearest in the Armories is " Or on a 

fess engr. az. 3 garbs of the first."] 

[PRENSHAW.] Winchcomhe. Impaled with Williams, 1636 : 
" Per pale and per chev. arg. and sa. betw. 
(?) 3 martlets (2 and i) counterchanged." 
[Papworth says R., but there seems to be great doubts as to 
this being the correct blazon. Rudder, 829, gives the field 
the same; but the charges "mullets." Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 202, says that this Thomas W., of Cornden, married 
Hesther, d. of James Hawkins, of Washbourne, co. Wore. 
Not mentioned in Wore, Vis., but according to Grazebrook, 
p. 267, the family bore "Arg. on a saltire sa. 5 fleurs-de-lis 
or." Papworth gives " Per pale or and az. a chev. betw. 
3 lions ramp, of the first" as Hawkins, but one would 
scarcely think this was intended. Of course, Thomas may 
have married again. The next monument to it is another 
Thomas, 16G9, g.s. of the last ; but he is not stated to have 
married. However, there is a Hester, 1674, wife of a 
Thomas W. ; so perhaps he did, and that it is she who 
is represented by this coat. Perhaps it is worth noting 
that among the list is an Elizabeth W., 1713, gent.] 
? REVELL. Westhiry -on-Trim. Impaling Wilson, quar- 

terly : " Per chev. ... in chief 2 castles 
and in base a fleur-de-lis. . . ." [I can 
find no R. like this, and have not the inscription to refer to.] 
RICH. North Cerney. Quarterly i and 4: "Per 

pale sa. and gu. a cross bottone fitchy 
betw. 4 fleurs-de-lis or," 1647. 2 and 3, 
BouRCHiER. Thomas R., Master in Chancery, married 
Anne, d. and coh. of Thomas B., of Barnesley. [So this 
coat, being quartered, must have been set up by his son.] 
The R. as last, 1704-5, impaling Nott, 1700. [Glos. Vis,, 
1682, p. 144: Thomas, s. of William R. and Lucy Jaques, 
married secondly Susanna, d. of Edward N. of Breydon, 
Wilts.] Charlton King's, The same as first, impaling 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



401 



[Staveley]. Mrs. Margaret R., 1692, d. of Edward R.,. 
of Dowdeswell. [So she was Mrs. by courtesy, as in the 
Vis., p. 143, her mother's name is not given. This, if correct 
blazon, proves her family ; therefore^- this would be her 
father's coat.] Dowdeswell. The same as first, 1713, impaling 
Gilbert. [Baily, eldest s. of Lionel R., married the only d. 
and h. of John G., of Swindon. J The same, 1680, impaling 
the [Staveley], 1684, as before. Edward R., Bencher o£ 
Lincoln's Inn, aged 78. 

? RICH. Preston, Ledbury. Two shields, impaling 

[? Machin] : " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 cross 
croslets or, each charged with five pellets," 
1658. [Not in Armories; possibly a variation of the Earl of 
Warwick's coat, making the chev. and croslets (really 
botonny) erminois.] Withington. Impaled with Howe : 
''Per pale az. (? faded sa., as Rudder, 840, gives the last) 
and gu. a cross bottone fitche betw. 4 (Rudder, 3) fleurs- 
de-lis or," 1642. Bridgett, eldest d. of Thomas R. and 
Anne Bourchier, married Sir John H., of Casey Compton, 
Bart. 

RICHARDSON. Newent. " ? (Arg.) on a chief (sa.) 3 lions' 
heads erased (? of the field)," 1776, 
James R., surgeon and apothecary, born 
in Scotland. 

, [RICHARDSON.] Tewkesbury. The same, tinctured. [No date 
either in Dyde, 67, or here. Conan R., of 
Pershore family, aged 86.] 
RICHES. Flaxley. Impaled with Boevey, 1617 : "Arg. 

3 annulets az." [Catherine, d. of John R., 
Esq., married a William B., who died in 
1692, at the age of fifteen years, and was left a widow 
when 21. She died in 1726, aged 57, so the first date 
is an impossibility ; but she is stated to have erected the 
monument, otherwise one would have thought it was an 
ancestor. Rudder, 450, however, gives the same monument 
and correct date in figures. Bigland's error (may have been 
printer's) MDCXVII. ought to be MDCXCII.] 



402 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

[RICHMOND.] Marshfield, Impaled with Webb, 1670. 

Rudder, 539, and 'G/os. Vis., 1682, p. 196: 
"(Per fess gu. and arg.) a cross patonee 

{Vis., flory.) betw. 4 mullets counterchanged," 1651. 

Nicholas Webb married Anne Webb [using the R. coat ; 

apparently by ped. brought in by a common ancestor and 

ancestress.] Also 2 and 3 with i and 4, Webb, 1724. 

[This is the coat of William W., s. of the last Nicholas.] 

RIDLER. Hempsted. Impaled with Lysons : "Vert 

3 scythes arg. on a chief of the second, a 
bull pass, gu." [Fosbrooke, i. 276 : Daniel, 

1736, s. of Daniel L. and Ann Webb, married Elizabeth, 

d. of Thomas R., of Stroud.] 

RIDLEY. Coaley, or Cowley. 2 and 3 quartering of 

I and 4 Browning : " Arg. a bull pass, 
gu.," John and Elizabeth, infant children 
of John B. and Ehzabeth R. The same, impaled with 
Browning. Elizabeth, another infant. The same, 1703, 
quartered with Browning. Elizabeth R., the wife of John 
B. [This should have been an escut. of pret. on B., as she 
must have been an h. to be quartered. Most probably the 
last was intended for this monument, but that would have 
not been correct. This would be her son's coat.] The same, 
quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3, Query, 19. Sarah, 1713, 
the wife of Richard R. Pvinhiash. " Arg. a bull pass. gu. 
armed and hoofed or upon a mount vert," 1714. [I have not 
the monument to refer to ; very likely by the date to be the 
last Richard R.] 

RIDPATH. Minchin Hampton. " (Arg.) a chev. engr. 

betw. 3 wolves' (boars') heads erased (gu.)," 

1705, Philip, only s. of George R., descended 
from the Barony de R. in Scotland. Rudder, 470. 
RILEY. Ebrington. Impaled with Keyt, 1632: "Or 

a chev. sa. betw. 3 crosses patee fitche gu." 

\_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. loi: William K. married 
first Eglantine, d. of Edmund R., of Cambden.] On a very 
old tomb, no blazon, Keyt impaling R., no date. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 403 

RISHTON. Stanley S. Leonard's. "Arg. a lion pass. sa. a 

chief of the last." Crest : On a chapeau gn. 
turned up erm. a demi Hon (ramp.) erminois. 
[Rudder, 687 : There is an elegant ^.Latin inscription to 
Henry R., A.M., who died in 1741, and for his wife Eleanor.}' 
RfviERE Dyrham. Az. 2 bars dancetty or," impaling 

Russell and Gorges quarterly. [I cannot 
find this marriage, but I think it was the 
Dorset family.] 

ROACH. Charfield. Impaled with Bennet, 1756: 

" (Az.) 3 roaches naiant (in pale arg.)," 1758, 

Rev. Josiah B., Master of the Grammar 

School, Wickwar, and Eleanor his wife, d. of Mr. William R., 

of this parish, and relict of Mr. Thomas Griffin, of Cromhall. 

^' ■^tSSt^JtKS?^ I^yedington. Second atchment. Impaled 
OR ROBERTS.j ^ 

with SuRMAN : Az. 3 estoiles or and a chief 

wavy of the last," [Papworth says 

Robartes or Roberts. I cannot find marriage.] 

ROBERTS. Badgewovth. Impaled with Hynson, 1667: 

" Per pale (arg. and gu.) a lion ramp, sa.," 

1670. William H. married Elizabeth, only 

d. and h. of Egidius R. [so this ought to be an escut. of 

pret.] Impaled with Hynson, 1649: "Lion ramp.," , 

Mary, 1643, wife of Thomas H. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. no: 

Thomas H., about this date, married Mary, d. of William 

Lawrence and Margaret Higford ; so this looks as if the first 

impaling had been used, instead of the L. cross raguly.] 

Cheltenham. " Per pale arg. and gu. a lion ramp, sa.," 1706. 

William R. married Sarah, d. of Walter and Sarah Cox. 

Deevhuvst. Second shield. Marshalled with Powell. The 

same as last. Margaret, 1656, d. of John R., of Fiddington, 

gent., married James P., Esq. Harescomhe. Impaled with 

Michell, 1689. The same as Cheltenham. Bridget, 1685, 

wife of James M., gent. Haresfield. Impaling Guise. The 

same as Cheltenham. Simply Ludovic R., 1679. [I cannot 

find marriage.] Hasfield. Impaled with Freeman. The 

same as Cheltenham, 1658. Mary, wife of John F., of 

28 

Vol. XXVIII. 



404 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Bushley, and d. of John R., of Fiddington, gent. Rtidfovd. 
The same as Cheltenham, 1631. [Rudder gives no inscrip- 
tions.] Tewkesbury. The same as the last, and date, 1631. 

The same, [Rudder, 747, and Dyde, 66 : John R., of 

Fiddington ; so most probably both to the same, yet the 
Rudford one might be a wife or child.] Twining. The 
same as Cheltenham, marshalled with Freeman, 1653. 
\Glos. Vis.^ 1682, p. 66, says this is Eleanor, d. of the 
Hasfield pair.] The . same, 1670, impaled with Baugh. 
[Wore. Vis., 1682, p. II : Richard B. married Alice, 
d. and coh. of John R., of Fiddington.] Westhury-on-Severn. 
First shield: "Per pale or (Rudder, 794, erm.) and gu. a 
lion ramp, sa.," 1636. [Nicholas, lord of the manor (GIos. 
Trans., vi. 189), married Frances Riches, but his three sons 
died s.p.; so his brother Giles sold the estate to the 
Colchester family, as their sister Alice married Richard C, a 
shield of which is marshalled with it.] Westerleigh. Im- 
paling [? Isaac]. The Cheltenham coat, 1673. [Rudder, 
807 : Thomas R., aged 49, lord of the manor; and he gives the 
impaling, which according to Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 138, should 
be Grubb, but it is not ; so I could only give Papworth's 
similar blazon.] The same as last, 1661, impaled with 
Jones. [Rudder, 807: Mrs. Mary, wife of William J., Esq.,. 
lord of the manor. There is a Maria (Mary), sister of the 
last Thomas R. ; but in the Glos. Vis., 1623, P- ^385 her 
marriage is not given. However, Fosbrooke corroborates 
William J., who no doubt inherited it through his wife, 
being lord of the manor for a short time after Thomas R.'s 
death.] 

[ROBERTS.] Driffield. On a lozenge shield. ? " (Or) 
lion ramp, regard, (gu.)," 1698, Mrs. Anne, 
wife of George Hainger. [Really, Glos. Vis., 

1682, p. 88, Hanger, as George, of Dryfield, married Anne, 

d. of Lewis R., of London.] 

[? ROBERTS.] Rodborough. Impaling Farrow, 1759. Bigland 
says Shurmer, 1721. "Erm. on a pile gu. 
a lion pass, guard, or." Crest: Lion's 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



head erased charged on the neck with two bars gemels. 
[I should not query this under Roberts if it were not 
that Rudder, 630, gives this shield under an inscription 
to several Roberts, 3 ds. and Thopas their father ; so 
there has been great confusion with this shield. I cannot 
find any Shurmer or Roberts like this. It is the arms 
of ? [Cater] ; but I cannot find a Cater-Farrow marriage.] 
The same, 1766, said to be over the Roberts' monument. 
Upton S. Leonard's. Twice impaled with Atkins. ? 1737 and 

1639 : " Per pale ... a lion ramp. . . ." [Only 

conjectural, since I cannot find ? marriages.] 
ROBINS. Matson. Impaling Stratford, 1663 : " Per 

pale arg. and sa. 2 flaunces and 3 fleurs-de- 
lis counterchanged." [London Vis.: ''Gu. 
4 demi per pale fleurs-de-lis fastened to the sides following 
round like bord. or."] Anne, wife of John R., and d. of 
William S., of Farmcote. Preston, Ledbury. Third shield. 
Impaling [Machin] : Per pale arg. and sa. a fleur-de-lis 
betw. 2 flaunches each charged with a fleur-de-lis all counter- 
changed." [This is said to be Anne M.'s second husband, 
the first being Rich.] As last, 1601. [Rudder scarcely 
mentions this family, but I give now the different readings 
of the blazon. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 146, quartered, though here 
impaled with Selwyn, as Margaret, d and coh. of Thomas R. 
and Joan Singleton, married Jasper S. : "Per pale sa. and 
arg. a fleur-de-lis betw. 2 flaunches each charged with a 
fleur-de-lis all counterchanged." This is as the last, and 
is stated in the note to be in Heralds' College. Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 160: The arms of the marriage of Thomas Robbins 
with Joan Singleton as before, " Per pale sa. and arg. 
2 flaunches and 3 fleurs-de-lis in fess counterchanged," 
which is Papworth's blazon. I believe the London coat 
to be the original, and these are variations in the different 
branches.] 

ROBINSON. MicUeton. Second shield on sinister side of 
Graves monument. 7 : " Vert (now sa.) 
on a chev. betw. 3 stags (trippant) or, as 



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Transactions for the Year 1905. 



many cinquefoils gu." [Rudder, 547: Richard Graves, 1669, 
married secondly Elizabeth, 1713, aged 96, d. of John R,] 
ROCHE. Tcthivy. " Gu. 3 roaches in pale arg." 

(Rudder, 732, ppr.), 1729, Jacob or James 
R., of Merriott, co. Somerset ; but Rudder 
does not give ? the crest. An eagle (osprey) with a roach in 
its dex. claw (arg.). 

PROCLIFFE. Bishop's Cleeve, in Southam. Portrait. 

Fourth quartering of Palmer, really the 
third, which is named Garshall: " Arg. a 
chev. betw. 3 lions' heads erased gu," which is R., but here 
given as " Quarterly arg. and sa. on a bend gu. 3 fleurs-de-lis 
of the first," which is Garshah. [John P. married Joan, d. 
and h. of Henry R.] 

ROE. Rendcomb. Second shield. Impaling Jermye 

quarterly : " Arg. a chev. az. betw. 3 trefoils 
per pale gu. and vert," [Rudder, 623, does 

not give the tinctures, but says Elenor J. married first Robert 

R., Esq.] 

XROE.] Stoke Giffard. Impaled with Berkeley, 

ancient {i.e. roses, not crosses) : " Gu. a 
- quarterfoil or." [Rowe, of Lincoln, bore 
" Gu. a trefoil slipped or betw. 3 paschal lambs ppr." 
Rudder, 699, says on brass plate, Richard B., Esq., and 
Mary his wife, d. of Robert R., of London, Esq, He died 
1661, and she 161 5.] 

ROGERS. Dozvdesivell. " Arg. a mullet sa. on a chief 

gu. a fleur-de-lis (or)." [Motto: " Vigila et 
ora."] William R., gent., buried 1649, and 
Hellen, 1648, his wife. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 145 : Ellen, d. 
of James Pulton.] The same, 1668, impaling Lawrence, 
1670. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 140: William s. of John R., of 
Sandiwell, and Blanche Fletcher, married Elizabeth, 
d. of Anthony L.j The same, 1734, William. [Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 146: s. of Richard R. and Mary Browne ob. s.p., 
aged 76.] Havesfield. The same, 1698, impaling Pauncefoote. 
{Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 148: John, s. of John R. and Anne 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



Surman, married Mary, 1697, d. of Pool P., of Newent, Esq.] 
The same, 1683, John, eldest s. of the last pair. The 
same, impaled with Pulton, 1701, and another like it. 
Richard P., aged 55, married Anu«, 1724, aged 72, d. of 
John R., of Haresfield. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 139. Newent. 
Impaling Hooke : Arg. a mullet sa. on a chief or a fleur-de- 
lis gu.," 1690. [This is a variation; whether the correct 
blazon or an error in the text I cannot say, as Rudder, 565, 
does not give the blazon, but refers one to Dowdeswell^ 
where he gives it as there; yet it is so given in Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 145, as the I and 4 quarters.] William R., of 
Okie, gent., born 1640. [Glos. Vis., 1682, pp. 92 and 147: 
William R. married secondly Anne, 1728, d. of John H. and 
Mary Stephens.] The same, 1763, as last, impaling: " (Az.) 
3 stags trippant (or)." Monument says only Edward R., of 
Okie ; but Rudder, 565, says it is [Green] , and gives this 
blazon. [This marriage is not in the peds. ; but Glos. Vis.^ 
1682, p. 146, gives an Edward Green R., 1737, so one would 
have thought his mother would be a Green ; but his mother 
is Hester . . . 1737, and she married a John R., 1732.] The 
same, 2 and 3 quartering of Beale, 1748. Monument says 
Elizabeth, 1732, d. (not h.) of John R., of Okie, married 
Miles B. [But being quartered, it does not follow that 
this is the marriage intended. I cannot find kny in 
the peds.] The same, 1677, Richard, second s. of 
William R. {Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 145 and p. 147) and 
Elizabeth Surman. The same, 16.,., impaling "a fleur-de- 
lis." Monument says William, of Okie, and his wife 
Elizabeth, 1680. [These would be the last pair, but there 
is no Surman Hke this ; possibly this is part of the R. coat^ 
and the impaling has been defaced.] The same, impaling 
Hooke, 1728. [This is for Anne, the wife of William R., as 
the first in Newent.] The same, 1735, John R., of Okie. 
[Not in the ped.] The same, 1699, impaled with Greene, 1734. 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 147: Eleanor, eldest d. of William R. 
and Elizabeth Surman, married William G-, of Newent.] 
Qiiedgley. Impaled with Hayv\^ard, 1702. The same as 



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Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Dowdeswell. [Rudder, 613, and Glos. Vis., 1682, pp. 49 and 
146: William Cox, alias H., 1696, married Eleanor, 1684, 
d. of Richard R. and Mary Browne; but this date is their 
s. Thomas, p. 50.] Tortii'orth. First of two shields, really 
second, impaled with Throkmorton, as she was the second 
wife of Sir Thomas T. : " Arg. a chev. az. (most proli^^bl}' 
faded sa.) betw. 3 bucks trippant sa. attired or." --.[This is 
one of the variations and is given in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 141, 
as the I and 4 of a quarterly coat, only with the chev. sa. ; 
in the R. ped., on p. 139, it is "Arg. 3 stags statant sa. 
attired and unguled or, a chief az." This shows decidedly a 
branch, but the other one, with the chev. sa., seems the 
coriect blazon.] Sir Thomas T. married secondly ... d. of 
Sir Edward R. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 163, and Rudder, 775. 
ROKELE. Pveston-upcn-Avon. 2 and 3 quartermg with 

1 and 4, Bentick, error for Bruyn, being 

2 and 3 grand quarterings of Brandon : 
*'Lozengy erm. and gu." [Sir Morice Bruyn married 
Maude, d. and h. of Philip de la Rokell ; and Sir William 
Brandon married Elizabeth, d. and h. of Sir. Henry 
Bruyn.] 

ROMANS, KING Bishop's Cleeve. Remains from Hayles 
O JF T H E 

Abbey, Second shield : " Or eagle displ. 

sa.," marshalled with Richard, Earl of 
Cornwall. Didhroohe. In great E. window the same as last. 
[Bigland says Hayles Abbe}^, but it is that of the founder.] 
ROMNEY. Tethury. First of two shields. " Az. on a 

bend cottized arg. 3 escallop shells gu." 
[Rudder, 732 : Sir William Rumney, 
Alderman and Sheriff of London in King James' time, 
founded a free Grammar School here.] 

ROOKE. Maysemove. ? " (Arg.) a fess engr. betw. 

3 rooks (sa.)," 1714, Thomas, only s. of 
Thomas R. and Jane Penibruge. 

[ROOKE.] Bonrton-on-the-Water. Achievement without 

inscription. 2 and 3 quartering of Jordan : 
" Arg. a fess florette gu. betw. 3 Cornish 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



choughs ppr." Really, " Arg. a fess counterflory betw. 3 
rooks sa." Also the same, without tinctui»es : "A fess 
betw. 3 birds," John J., 1774, wife, 1722. 

S. BriaveVs. " (Arg.) on a chev. (sa.) 3 chess rooks (of the 
first) betw. 3 rooks (ppr.)." Crest : Dexter arm in armour 
embowed (ppr. garnished or) holding a pistol (or), 1773. 
James R. and his wife, Jane Catchmay. [Glos. Vis.^ 1682, 
p. 75: James, s. of Major-General James R., married Jane, 
d. and h. of Tracy C, so this should have borne C. on 
escut. of pret. The R's. were of co. Kent.] 
[ROSE.] Tewkesbury. " 3 roses on a bend." Really, 

" Sa. on. a bend arg. 3 roses gu.," 1757. 

[Dydfe, 72 : Samuel R., gent., aged 74.] 
Crest : A cockatrice, [Dyde does not give it, nor 
Rudder, 747, and I can find no such crest in reference 
books.] 

ROSELARGE. Westhuvy- on-Trim. Monument says so, 1610. 

Rudder does not give it; at present Rose 
and Large, almost conjoined, impaling ? 
Cooke : " Per fess in the upper part az. 3 bars or over 
all a swan arg. in the lower part arg. a dunghill cock 

gu.," , impalmg "Arg. a bend wavy sa. in chief 3 

dunghill cocks gu. 2 and i," Monument now says 

Cock, not Cooke, of Hants. [This shield has been so 
daubed that it is impossible to say what is meant ; I can 
only suggest that it is a quartered coat, i, at present, is 
''a grey or bluish white field, with a ? martlet (it has no 
legs) betw. 2 bars ? sa." 2 : ? " Arg. 2 cocks in bend gu." 
3: " Arg. a cock gu." 4: ? " Arg. a bend ? wavy sa." 
Possibly the first quarter was an old quartering of Large, 
the second " Arg. 3 cocks gu.," and the third " Arg. a cock 
gu.," both Cock, and the fourth, if intended for Large, would 
be "Arg. a bend az. betw. 3 (may be 6) mullets gu." If 
not a quartered coat of Large and Cock, I should say it was 
all Cock quartered. There is no principle of impaling in 
it, unless the impaling was a dimidiated one for two 
wives.] , 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



[ROSSER.] Soiithrop. Atchment. " Or on a cross pattee 

sa. 5 etoiles of the first," Crest : An 

arm embowed (and erect from the elbow) 

habited or, cuffed erm., hand ppr. holding five (also four) 

bayleaves vert [co. Suffolk]. 

ROSSMORE. Stanway. Fourth atchment. No blazon. 

Lady Augusta, d. of Susan Lady Elcho, the 
second atchment, married Walter William 

Westenra, second Baron R. 

[ROSEWELL.] Bitton. " Parti per pale (gu. and az.) a lion 

ramp, (arg.)," 1650, Stephen R. 
ROUS. Sitdeley. Several 2 and 3 quarterings of R. 

with I and 4 Parr, impaled with Henry 
VIIL, Burgh, Nevill, and Sey^iour, the 
different marriages of Catherine Parr : *' Or 3 water bougets 
2 and I sa." {Topographer and Genealogist, iii. p. 354 : Sir 
W^illiam de Parre, Knt., 1405, married Elizabeth, d. of John 
de Ros and g.d. and h. of Sir Thomas de Ros, Baron of 
Kendal. Catherine was in the fifth generation from Sir 
William de P.] Wotton Underedge. Impaled with Coster: 
Or an eagle displ. vert," 1721. [Rudder, 851 : Jane, eldest 
d. of Mr. Thomas R., of this town, married Thomas C] 
The same, 1771, impaling Query, 80, 1781. [Rudder does 
not give this, most probably a brother of Jane.] 
ROWTHALE. Cirencester. Sir J. Maclean, G/os. Tm7Z5., xvii. 

p. 279, Routhall, and p. 281, Ruthall. 
Fourth shield on pillars. Device with 
initials R.R., Robert R. Sixth shield. " (Gu. a cross engr. 
betw. 4 birds (or) on a chief (Sir J. M., arg.), quarterly (arg. 
and erm.) two roses (of the field) (Sir J. M., ppr. slipped), 
stalked (vert)." [^Bedford's Eptscopacy, p. 125 : " Party per 
pale az. and gu. a cross engr. or betw. 4 doves of the third 
{ie. "or" ought to have been read after "doves," not after 
"engr.") collared sa. on a chief quarterly erm. and of the 
third {i.e. or) two roses of the second seeded or [i e. proper)," 
and are so given in the plate. But Sir J. M.'s plate gives 
the roses slipped and stalked ; the latter, Bigland ; so there 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



411 



is a variation. But it is not to be wondered at, seeing 
Papworth gives seven blazons, the chief being quarterly 
in six and its field erm. when it is not; four of them 
being those of the Bishop of Durham, with which See 
this coat is impaled.] On pillars on'S. side there is also 
the same. 

ROYAL ARMS. Abston and Wick. On the E. side of Sir B. 

Granville's monument. No blazon. Most 

probably Charles I. 
[? ROYNON.] Oldland Chapel, Bitton. Impaled with Trye, 

1728: " Arg. a wyvern (segreant) sa.," 

Thomas T., g.s. of Richard Jones. [Rudder 
says Roynon Jones, Esq., was the present lord of the manor 
of Nass, Lidney.] 

RUSHOUT. Blockley, co. Worcester. Impaling Vernon, 
1705: " (Sa.) 2 lions pass, (guard.) within a 
bord. engr. or, on a canton (arg.) the Arms 
of Ulster (i.e. Bart.)." Sir James R., Bart., 1705, married 
Arabella, d. of Sir Thomas V. The same, impaling Compton, 

1766. Sir John R., fourth Bart., died (1775), married 

Lady Anne C, fourth d. of George, fourth Earl of North- 
ampton. On lozenge shield. The same, 1750. [Elizabeth, 
Countess Dowager of Northampton, married as his second 
wife George, eleventh Earl of N., she being the widow of Sir 
George Thorold, Bart., and d. of Sir James R., first Bart., 
and Alice, d. and h. of Edmund Pitt.] The same, 1698, 
impaling Pitt, i6g8. [This is the last pair, and as 
Alice was an h., the Pitt arms should have been on an 
escut. of pret., and have been quartered in all the Rs. 
before.] 

RUSSELL. Dyrham. Second quartering of Dennys, 

from M.S. of John Smyth, of Nibley. 
Second shield. " Arg. on a chief gu. 3 
bezants." \_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 50 : Sir Gilbert D. married 
Margerett, d. and coh. of Sir Maurice R.] Fourteenth 
shield. The same, quartering Gorges. [Theobald R. 
married Elianor, d. and h. of Sir Rauffe G., Knt.] The 



412 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



same as last, impaled with de la Riviere. [I cannot find 
• this marriage, but suppose it to be connected with the 
Dorset family of R.] Fairfovd. Illustration and description 
of shield on Roger Lygon's tomb. Third quartering of 
Dennys, impaled with Lygon, 1560. The same. [Roger L. 
married Katherine, d. of William D. and relict of Sir 
Edmund Tame and Sir Walter Buckler, Knts.] Tortworth. 
Third quartering of Throkmorton, 1607: " Sa. a chev. 
arg. betw. 3 roses (arg.) barbed vert." [This seems to be 
an error for Apurley. The third quartering in Glos. Vis., 
1623, p. 162, which is " Gu. a chev. erm. betw. 3 pineapples 
or," brought in by Bridges, the second quartering. There 
seems to be no Russell h. marriage with a Throkmorton, 
only an Elizabeth T. married a Robert R. 
[RUSSELL.] Olveston. First shield. Second quartering 

of Dennys, 1506: "(Arg.) on a chief (gu.) 

3 balls (bezants)." This is the same as the 
first in Dyrham. Second shield. Second quartering, the 
same as last, with the fourth quartering : "... a chev. . . . 
betw. 3 roses . . ." [This would be the same as the Tort- 
worth one, but does not come in the Dennys quarterings in 
Glos. Vis., so it looks as if it was wrongly marshalled ; but 
it might be brought in with Gorges, the third quartering, 
if there was a Dorset R. -Gorges marriage. Papworth says 
Russell, of the north. Again, Sir Gilbert Dennys' maternal 
g. mother is not given, so she might have borne this coat, 
but if so, it should have come into his.] Fourth shield, 
as first by itself. Fifth shield is quarterly as first. Sixth 
shield is quarterly as the second. Pvinknash. Third 

quartering of Dennys, The same as Dyrham. 

[RYCE.] Twining. 2 and 3 grand quarters of Clare, 

1577. Quarterly i and 4: " Sa. on a chev. 

betw. 3 escallops arg. 3 pelletts, on a chief 

of the second 3 blackbirds of the first," [Given in 

Shvopshire Vis., 1623, p. 113, as the second quartering of 
Clare: "Arg. on a chev. betw. 3 spears' heads gu. as many 
plates on a chief az. 3 birds or," and the third quartering 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



413 



is D'Abitot, named here in error Strange. Thomas R. 
married Margaret, d. and h. of John D'Abitot ; and 
Margaret, d. and h. of Symon R., married Nicholas 
Clare.] 

SACKVILLE. Bihuvy. In a lozenge shield. Escut. of 
pret. on Warneford : " Quarterly or 
and gu. a bend vaire (vair)," 1756. 
[Rudder, 285 : Elizabeth, d. by first marriage, and coh. with 
Catherine by second of Henry S., married Edmond W.] 
In lozenge shield. S. as last, 1760, for Katherine, the 
youngest d. Over porch to mansion house, the arms of 
the founder, Sir Thomas S. No blazon. [This is quarterly 
of six, impaling Hungerford. First quarter : More like a 
cross, but reaUy " Quarterly (or and gu.) a bend vair." 
Second: " Fretty," really " Arg. fretty gu.," De Den. Sir 
Jordan de S., temp. Stephen and Hen. II., married Hela, 
d. of Ralph de D. and coh. to her brother Robert, of 
Buckhurst. Third : Fleur-de-lis," really " Gu. a fleur- 
de-lis arg.," Aquillon. Sir Jordan S., ob. 1273, married 
Margaret, d. and coh. of Sir Robert de A., Knt. Fourth: 
" Cross engr.," really "Arg. a cross engr. gu.," Dalingruge. 
Sir Thomas S., ob. 1432, married Margaret, sister and coh. 
of Sir John D. Fifth: " Lozengy (or and gu.) a canton 
billetty.' These billets are uncut erm. spots, I believe, as the 
coat is Nevill. Margaret Dalingruge's g.grandfather married 
Joan, d. and h. of Walter de la Lynde, whose coat ought 
to be another quartering here, as he married Joan, d. of 
Hugh and h. of Philip N. Sixth : " 3 eagles displ., query 
crowned really " Arg. 3 eagles displ. gu. crowned or," 
DE CouRCY. Hugh de Nevill married Alice, d. and h. of 
de C. Impaling quarterly of six Hungerford. Two crests. 
I : A ram's head erased (sa.) attired (or), Sackville. 2: Out 
of a ducal • coronet (or) a garb. betw. 2 sickles ppr., 
Hungerlord. And the initials T. S. B., given in Glos. Vis.^ 
1623, p. 89, as Barbara Hungerford, the wife of Thomas S., 
alias Toots.] 



4^4 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

SADLER. Cranham. Per saltire (erm. and or), 4 

escutcheons in cross (gu.)," John S., 1760, 
aged 81, and his wife EHzabeth, 1744,- 
aged 59. 

SAFFIN. Berkeley. " (Az.) 3 estoiles (or) issuant from 

as many crescents (arg.)," Rev. Richard S., 
21 3^ears Vicar of Berkeley, 1690, and 

Frances his wife, d. of Wilham Hopton, of Oakley. 

SAINT AMAND. Cirencester. Third shield on stalls in 1673. 

" Sa. fretty and 3 bezants in chief." Really, 
"Or fretty sa. on a chief of the, last 3, 
bezants." 

SAINT BARBE. Eastington. Impaled with Beale : " Chequy 
or and sa.," really " Sa. and arg.," 1628. 
Lady Edith, wife and widow of Robert B., 

of Priors Marston, co. Warwick, and d. of Henry Saint B., 

of Ashington, co. Somerset. 

[SAINT BARBE.] Cirencester. Eighth quartering of D'Anvers : 
" Arg. a cross sa. pierced in the centre . . ." 
[Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii., p. 300, 
gives the tinctures reversed, and so does Papworth, which 
is correct ; but Mr. Carles, p. 308, though not naming it, 
gives the same as Bigland. Sir William Stradhng, fourth 
quarter, married Isabel, d. and coh. of Sir John Saint B., 
of South Brent, co. Somerset.] 

[SAINT DAVID'S Doitme Hathevley. Third shield marshalled 
SEE.] . 

with AiSGiLL, 1622, named in error Villiers,. 

whicli is escallops : " (Sa.) on a cross (or) 

5 cinquefoils (of the first)." [Aisgill was Chancellor of St. 

David's.] 

SAINT LEGER. Miscrden. Eighth quartering of Sandys, 
1640, and brought in by the seventh 
[Aucher] : " Az. fretty arg. on a chief or 
two mullets or." [This is false, and is repeated in Kent 
Vis., where the mullets are of the second. Really, " Az. 
fretty arg. on a chief or a mullet gu." Henry Aucher 
married Maria, d. and h. of Thomas St. L., of Ottingden.] 



i 



Heraldry OF Gloucestershire. 415 

SAINT LOE. Eastington. Impaled with Stephens : " Arg. 

on a bend sa. 3 annulets or a label az. 

(generally gu.)," 1591, Margaret, wife of 
Richard S. and d. of Edward Saint L. and 'Margaret his 
wife. ' 

{SAINT LOE.] Meysey Hampton. Second quartering of 
Horton, CO. Pembroke, marshalled with 
Vaulx: "Arg. a bend sa. with a file of 

3 points (gu.)." [I cannot trace the connection.] 

SAINT MAUR. Dyrhani. Seventh shield of M.S. of John 
Smyth, of Nibley : " Az. (really arg., other- 
wise false) 2 chevronels gu, and label az.," 

quartering Percye. [This connection is not in the Saint M. 

ped.] 

SAINT OWEN. Campden. Chapel. Fifth quartering of Noel, 
brought in by fourth, Downton : " Gu. 3 
bars or." Really " Barry of 6 or and gu." 
[Roger D. married Jane, sister and h. of Thomas Saint O., 
1403. Shropshire Vis.l The same. Sixth quartering of 
HiCKEs. Minchin Hampton. Seventh quartering of Hopton, 
impaled with Dallaway, and brought in as before, " Or 3 
barrs gu." 

SALMON AND Ebrinston. Third shield. Impaled with 
[SAMON]. ^ , J O 

Keyt. Quarterly i and 4 : " ba. 3 

salmons haurient arg." 2 and 3 : " Arg. a 

bend az. betw. mullet and annulet gu." [Glos. Vis., 1682, 

p. loi : William K. married secondly Eleanor, d. and coh. 

of John S., of Nottingham.] These two, 3 and 4 quartering 

•of Keyt, 1662. The first, third quartering of Keyt, 1702. 

These two, 3 and 4 quartering of Keyt, 1702, with the label 

for diff. Thornbury. The same as i and 4 of first, 1793, 

•quartering 2 and 3 Mathew, error for [Stokes] , Thomas 

Stokes Salmon. Todington. Fifth quartering of Keyt, 

impaled with Tracy, 1756. Same^as first, i and 4, 

.SAMBACH. Snowshill. Impaling Batson : " Az. a fess 

betw. 3 garbs or," 1743. Crest : A reindeer's 

head coupt erminois attired or. [Rudder, 



4i6 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



671 : William, s. of William S., married Ann, third d. of 
William B., of Bourton-on-the-Hill.] 

SAMPSON. Henbury. Impaling Long, 1716: "A cross 

• fieury betw. 4 escallops," 1695. [Rudder^ 
497) gives two blazons ; this one : " Sa. a 
cross flory or betw. 4 escallops arg." Atkyns' plate: " Gu, 
a cross patonce ? arg. betw. 4 escallops or." Nayler: "Gu. 
a cross patonce bet^v. 4 escallops or." Armories give variations 
too numerous to quote, but Burke's Land. Gent., 1853, gives S., 
of Henbury : *' Arg. a cross moline gu. betw. 4 escallop shells 
sa.," which is, I think, the one they generally used.] Edward 
S. married Mary, sole d. and h. of Edward L. of Olveston, 
CO. Glos. [So instead of impaling it should have been an 
escut. of pret.] Quarterly i and 4: "A cross flory betw. 
4 escallops," 1753, with 2 and 3, Hickes. [Rudder, 4971 
"Arg. a cross flory betw. 4 escallops sa." This is the 
variation mentioned in first.] John S., s. of the last Edward, 
married Mary, d. and coh. of Nicholas H., Alderman of 
Bristol. [This is really his son's coat, as, like Edward's, it 
should be an escut. of pret., not quartered.] 
[SAMPSON.] Henbury. Impaled with ? [Teast] . Quarterly 
I and 4, as first, 1732; 2 and 3, "A cross," 

[Query, one of the other variations 

of S., but the whole shield is a mystery. The inscription 
begins with John S., of Charlton, 1732, aged 55. He is not 
mentioned in the ped., and by the date would be a brother of 
Edward, whose brother John died 1674. Therefore he must 
be of another branch settled at Charlton. The next memorial 
is to James Teast, stationer, Bristol, 1767, aged 39. The 
third inscription to Mary, wife of the above said John S., 
1769, aged 86. The last, Sidenham Teast, of Bristol, gent., 
1773, aged 72. I can find no Teast arms, neither is there 
any Teast-Sampson marriage in the S. ped. Bigland gives 
the ? Teast blazon as " 3 swords in pale points in chief 
hilted," — — Rudder, 497: Gu. 3 swords in fess hilted 
or." Many families, but no Teast. Can it be that the arms 
are reversed, and that it should be John S. quarterly impaling 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



417 



the ? Teast, or that Mary married secondly a Teast using the 
S. coat ?] 

SANFORD. Hathevop. " Az. 3 barrs wavy arg.," 1783. 

WilHam S., D.D., rector of the parish, 

impaHng Lowther. 
SANDFORD. Avening. "Party per chev. sa. and erm. in 

chief 2 boars' heads couped or." William 

S., of Stonehouse, married Sarah, 1722, d. 
of Samuel Adams, of this parish. The same, 1710. Samuel 
S., of London, aged 68. Henhivy. Impaling ? [Nott] : 
" Per chev. sa. and erm. in chief 2 boars' heads couped 
or," 1756. Crest : Boar's head couped or. Robert 
S., of Bristol, of the family at Sandford Hall, co. 
Salop. Stanley S. Leonard's. Quarterly i and 4. The 
same as last, only the heads are not "couped," with 
2 and 3 [Sprencheaux] . 

SANDYS. Miserden. Manor house chimney-piece. 

" Or a fess dancette betw. 3 cross croslets 
fitche gu. a crescent with an annulet for 
diff." Over the nave arch are escutcheons of the S. family. 
Plate B., S. monument, are four shields of the above. The 
same, with eleven quarterings: Culpeper, Hardeshull, 
Hawte, Bedgberie, Sixth Query 41, Aucher, S. Leger 
[Peyferer] [Ottringden] [Barrow] . 

SAPYE. Maysemore. Sixth quartering of Pembruge, 

1784: "Arg. on a bend gu. 3 round buckles 
or." [Not in Armories. " Gu. 3 round 
buckles tongues in pale or " is the usual, but Sapy did bear 
" Arg. on a bend gu. 3 bezants," so this might be a dimidiated 
coat. I cannot find the connection, possibly through the 
fifth quartering, Pytchard.] 

SARGEAUNT. Dean Michel. Impaling Pyrke, 1653 : " Arg. 

a chev. betw. 3 dolphins embowed sa.," 
Edward S., gent., of Longhope, and Ann his 

wife. \Glos. Vis., 1682, p. i65: Edward S., 1698, aged 92, 

married Anne, d. of Robert Perk, of Micheldene.] 

[SARRELL.] Cheltenham. See Southey. 



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Transactions for the Year 1905. 



[SAUNDERS.] Anipney Cfucis. 2 and 3 quartering of i and 
4, Pleydell: " Sa. a chev. erm. betw. 

3 bulls' heads caboshed arg.," [No 

inscription, simply under helmet and sword which hang 
against the wall ; but I think it refers to another monument, 
Susanna, 1642, wife of Robert P. Northamptonshire Vis., 
1618, p. 132, says Susan, third d. of Edward S. and Millesent 
Temple, married P., of co. Gloucester; she had 4 brothers 
and 4 sisters, so could only have been a coh., but none in the 
ped. married except her eldest sister.] Impaling Query 4: 
" Per chev. (arg. and sa.) 3 elephants' heads erased 
(counterchanged.)" Dorothy, 1674, widow of John S., 
M.D. [This is the more common coat in this part of 
the country, and is on the fireplace in the Pleydell's 
house ; but a Robert P., ob. 1675, also married an 
Elizabeth, d. of John S., Provost of Oriel Col., Oxford; 
she is not stated to be an h., so this would be the shield 
in the house; both are in the ped., pp. 134 and 135 in 
Glos. Vis., 1682.] 

SAUNDERS. Blockley, co. Worcester. The same as the 
first Ampney Crucis. Erasmus S., D.D., 
vicar of the parish, erected by his eldest 
s. Erasmus in 1771. East Leche Turville. The same as the 
second in Ampney Crucis. Anthony S., rector of the parish, 
1731, aged 72. Newent. Impaling Woodward, 1770. The 
same as first in Ampney Crucis, but not tinctured. Dorothy, 
relict of the late Thomas S., of Tewkesbury, and sister of 
Christopher W., of the Moat, gent. Westhury- on-Trim. The 
same as second in Ampney Crucis, 1739, impaling Howe. 
Mary, relict of Peter S. Yate. Brass. " Per chev. 3 
elephants' heads erased armed a label of 3 points for 
diff." [Really, " Per chev. sa. and arg. 3 elephants' 
heads erased counterchanged armed or a label of 3 points 
for diff." This is on monument to Walker, 1676, but 
in adjoining columns in Bigland are memorials to Richard 
S., 1728, and Gertrude his wife, 1712.] Impaling probably 
Walker. 



* 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



419 



SAVAGE. Little Dean. " Six lions ramp. 3.2.1.," 1787, 

Elizabeth, wife of Lieutenant Henry S., 
1788, of the Hon. E.I. Co. Lassborough. 
Second shield marshalled with Estcourt, 1624: " Arg. 6 
lions ramp, sa." [Mary, d. of William' S. and Ann Knotsford, 
married Sir Thomas Estcourt. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 85.] 
Pauntley. The same as last, impaled with Attwood, 1693. 
Hannah, aged 20, d. of William A. and Ann, d. of Chris- 
topher S., of Eldersfield. The same, impaled with 
Attwood, 1723, aged 89, and Ann, 1696, the last pair. 
Tethuvy. Impaled with Gastrell, 1732, The same, 1695. 
Ann, d. of William S.., married as his first wife Gilbert G. 
The same, 1772. The same, 1767, and crest (out of a ducal 
coronet or a lion's gamb. sa.). (Rudder, 732: Sarah, aged 
73, wife of William S., riot in peds.] The same as last, 
1740. [Rudder, 732 : Francis S., aged 63.] Wormington, 
The same as the second. No date. 

[SAVAGE.] Shipton Moyne. Second shield marshalled 

with Estcourt, 1624. [See Lassborough. 
Mary S. married Sir Thomas E.] Third 
shield, impaled with Estcourt. The same as last, no date. 
Tewheshury, The same, named (?) Felton, 1762. Error for 
Savage close by. Westhuvy -on-Trim. In pale i, impaling 2 

? [Walker] : " Arg. 6 lions ramp. sa. 3.2.1.," [Over 

John Yate monument, 1819.] 

SAVERY. Fairford. 2 and 3 quartering of Morgan, 

1754 : " Gu. a fess vair betw. 3 unicorns' 
heads couped or," 1772, Elizabeth, aged 58, 

wife of Charles M., in his fortieth year. 

SAVILLE. Lower Siddington. 2 and 3 quartering of 

Bruce, Earl of Ailesbury, on escut. of pret. 
on Bathurst, 1767: "Arg. on a bend sa. 
3 owls arg." [G. E. C, i. 40: Charles Bruce, third Earl A., 
married first Anne, eldest d. and coh. of William S., second 
Marquis of Halifax.] Westhuvy -on-Trim. Redland Chapel. 
2 and 3 quartering of Cossins, impaled with Marissal, 1739. 
The same, with the owls of the first, and Rudder, 803, of the 

29 

Vol. XXVI n. 



420 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



field. [But I cannot find this h. marriage.] On three 
lozenge shields, 2 and 3 quartering with Cossins, 1757; and 
2 and 3 quartering with Cossins, 1759; and 2 and 3 quarter- 
ing with Cossins, impaling Innys, 1762, quarterly. 
SEVILL, REALLY Bisley. " (Arg.) on a bend (sa.) 3 owls (of 
[SAVILLE.] first)." [Rudder, 293: "3 eagles displ. 

or," in error. Scholastica, wife of William 

S., 175 — and their children.] 
[SAYER.] Tewkesbury. Gu. a chev. betw. 3 doves 

(seapies) arg. a chief erm.," , 1721.. 

[Roger S. and his wife Joyce, 1753, aged 96. 
She v/as d. of the Rev. Mr. Robert Eaton, senior, and sister 
of the Rev. Rob. E., jun., both ministers of the parish 
church, and of their d. Margaret, 1699. Dyde, p. 73. This 
monument is not visible in the church now, which Dyde says 
was at the entrance of the chancel.] 

rSCARGILL.] Tortwovth. Two fourth quartermgs of 
Throckmorton, 1607 and 1568, given as 
EsMON : " Erm. a saltire engr. gu." [Really, 

" Erm. a saltire gu." No doubt error in reading " engr.," 

owing to the erm. spots. Glos. Vis., 1623, pp. 162, 163 : John 

s. of John T, and Elizabeth Bridges, married as his first wife 

Anne, d. (not stated to be h.) of Thomas S.] 

[SCOBELL.] Woodchester. Second quartering of Walshe 
impaled with Huntley: " (Arg.) 3 fleurs-de- 
lis (gu.) a label of 3 points (az.)." [But I 
cannot find connection.] 

SCOCATHE. Cliffofd Chambers. Ninth quartering of 
Raynesford, brought in by Hall, the fifth 
quartering, who married the h. of S. Oxford 

Vis., p. 166 : " Gu. on a chev arg. a cinquefoil betw. 3 garbs or." 

SCOTLAND. Berkeley. Twenty-second shield on screen. 

Third quartering of Lenox; no blazon, but 
as in the Royal Arms. Newent. Glass in 

dwelling-house at Crooks. Second quartering of i and 4, 

France and England quarterly, and Ireland. Royal 

Arms of James or Charles. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



421 



SCOTT. Kempsford. " (Per pale arg. and sa ) a saltire 

(counterchanged)," 1686, icnpaling Oldis- 
worth quarterly. John S., vicar for 14 

years, married Maria, d. of Giles O. 

SCROPE. Stowel in Hampnett. On lozenge shield. 

Impaled with Howe: " Az. a bend or," 
1703-4. Lady Annabella, second d. of 
Emanuel, Lord S., Earl of Sunderland, widow of John 
Grubham H., of Compton. Stoivell. The same. Bigland's 
continuation makes this a separate parish under S., ignoring 
Bigland's previous description, but says that this monument 
as well as Mrs. Anne Morgan's, 1712, are both gone (in 1876). 
SCUDAMORE. Fvetherne. In a lozenge shield. Impaled 
with Bayly: " Gu. 3 stirrups leathered and 
buckled or," 1702. Radegund, eldest d. of 
John S., of Kentchurch, co. Hereford, and relict of William 
B., aged 80. Panntley. Second atchment. Impaling [Bull]: 
" Gu. 3 stirrups and leathers or." Crest: Out of a ducal 
coronet a lion's gamb or (really coronet or, and lion's or 
bear's gamb. sa.). [I cannot find this marriage in the peds.] 
SEDGWICK. Upper Slaughter. Impaled with Slaughter 
quarterly: "Arg. on a cross sa. (Rudder, 
666, az. generally gu.) 5 bells of the first," 
1736, Sarah, d. of Obediah S. and wife of Chambers 
Slaughter. 

SEGRAVE. Berkeley. Fourth shield on screen. ? Fifth 

quartering of Berkeley unnamed: " Sa. a 
lion ramp. arg. ducally crowned or," and 
the second, uncrowned, brought in by Mowbray. 
SELFE. Cirencester. "Gu. 3 chevs. erm.," 1763, with 

escut. of pret., Willett. John S. and 
Elizabeth his wife, 1766. Glos. Trans., xvii.. 
306, Sir J. Maclean says this shield has disappeared, but 
on p. 292 and 116 in the plates these two quarterly, impaled 
with Cripps, are given, evidently too modern, 1793, for 
Bigland.] Staphton. Impaled with Wyatt, 1713. The 
same, 1696. [Rudder, 694: Anne, 1696, aged 70, d. of 



9 



422 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



William S., of Milsham (evidently Melksham), co. Wilts, and 
wife of John W,, aged 90. Here S. is spelled Self.] 
[SELMAN.] Clifford Chambers. Impaled with Dighton 

quarterly, i and 4 quartering with 2 and 3 
[Lister] : " Erm on a bend sa. 3 eagles 

displ. or," [Glos. Trans., xiv. 108: Francis Keyte D. 

married Sarah, only d. of Samuel S. and Sarah, d. and coh. 
of Matthew L.] 

SELWYN. Bavnwood. Impaled with Johnson, 1729: 

" Arg. on a bend cotised sa. 3 annulets or," 
1722. Beata, sister of Major-General S., 
Governor of Jamaica, married William J., of Bowden Park, 
Wilts. Blockley, co. Worcester. Shield on illustration. The 
same. The Rev. Charles Jasper S., appointed 1761 by the 
patron, James Johnson. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 163 : He was 
the s. of Henry S., 1734, '^^^ Ruth Compton, 1761, and he 
married Elizabeth Coxeter.] Cam. The same. Three 
•children of Jasper S. and Eleanor . . . his wife — two 
Williams, 1726 and 1727, and Sarah, 1730. I can find no 
such marriage in the peds. ; possibly a first marriage of the 
last Jasper of Frampton, p. 162. Minchin Hampton. Impaled 
with BucKE. The same. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 31 and 162 : 
Ursula, d. of William S. and Elizabeth, ? Edith Bennett, 
married first Jeremy B., 1653, aged 35.] Matson. The same, 
impaling Nourse, 1715-16. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 162: W^illiam, 
s. of the last pair, married Margaret, aged 91, d. of Edward 
N., of Gloucester.] On two shields. First, the same ; 
second, the same, 1702, impaling Betenson, 1738. [Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 162 : William S., of Stonehouse, Major-General 
and Governor of Jamaica, s. of the last pair, man ied Albinia, 
d. of Richard and sister and coh. of Sir Edward B., of 
Scadbury, co. Kent.] 

SEYMOUR. Badminton. Impaling Capel : Topaz (or) 

on a pile ruby (gu.) 3 lions of England 
{i.e. pass, guard, of the first) betw. 6 fleurs- 
de-lis (3 and 3) sapphire (az.)." Henry, Lord Beauchamp, 
s. of William, Duke of Somerset, married Mary, 17 14, 



Heraldry OF Gloucestershire. 



423 



aged 85, eldest d. of Arthur, Lord C. Bitton. " Gu. 2 
wings conjoined in lure or," 1663. John Seymor, Knt. 
[? Metcalfe's Knights^ p. 155, knighted in 1605, stated there 
to be of Somerset.] Minchin Hampton. Impaled with 
Sheppard, 1713. A dimidiated coat, i.e. per fess in base, 
the same as last, only wings not tinctured. Philip Sheppard 
married secondly Frances, widow of William, Viscount 
Downe. See Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 167, and Rudder, 470, who 
does not give the arms; but she was the d. of Francis, Lord 
S., of Trowbridge, and died s.p. [This is an example of 
the proper marshalling of the coats of a man who marries 
two wives.] Hayles. In note on Guiting Temple House. 
Impaled with Henry VIII. Quarterly of six. First : " (Or) 
on a pile gu. betw. 6 fleurs-de-lis az. 3 lions of England, 
as the first in Badminton. [This is the augmentation coat 
granted by Henry VIII. to Jane S.] Second: The same as 
the Bitton coat, the family coat of the Seymours. Mangots- 
field. Outside W. door of church. Second shield, and 
second quartering of Blount. The same as Bitton, carved 
and untinctured. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 23, says Edward B. 
married Margarett, d. (? h.) to Sir John S., Knt., but it is 
not one of the quarterings given there.] Lower Siddington. 
Glass shield '■of Sir Nicholas de Seymore, removed to 
Cirencester Church. No blazon. [But Sir J. Maclean, 
Glos. Trans., xvii. 276, corroborates this, and gives the blazon 
as " Arg. 2 chevronels gu. with a file of five (points) az.,*' 
really Saint Maure.] 

[? SEYMOUR.] Oxenhall. Impaled with Biss, 1695: . . 

a pair of wings conjoined and erect. . . 

[As I cannot find any marriage of a Biss 
with a family bearing wings, and as the blazon " erect " is 
uncertain, thig ought to have been a Query.] 
[? SEYS ] Clifton, Bristol. Fourth quartering of Price^ 

1744: "6 roundlets in pile in chief a demi 

lion issuant," Monument says Lewis 

P. married Elizabeth, d. of Richard Seys, of Boverton, co. 
Glamorgan, and relict of Evan Seys. [" Az. 6 plates 3.2.1., 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



i.e. in pile on a chief or a demi lion ramp, gu." is Seys ; 
but whether the type or the blazon is wrong I cannot 
say.] 

SHELLARD. Rodmartoii. Gu. a chev. betw. 3 whelk 
shells or," 1785, impaling Cox. [I cannot 
find marriage, and Annories do not give the 
coat ; it looks like a variation of Shelley.] 
SHEPPARD. Ampney Cnicis. Impaled with Pleydell, 
1719 : " Erm. on a chief sa. 3 battleaxes 
arg." [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 135: Robert P. 
married Sarah, d. of Phih'p S., of Minchinhampton.] Coles- 
hoiirne Magna. Second atchievement. Erm. on a chief 
indented sa. 3 battleaxes arg." [This is a variation, I 
suppose, assumed by the Colesbourne branch, which began 
with Philip, s. of Philip S. and Elizabeth Capell.] Minchin 
Hampton. Impaling two wives, Capell and Seymour. The 
same as first, Philip S., 1713. The same, 1724, impaling 
Webb, 1734. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 167 : Samuel S. married 
Anne, d. of Thomas W.] Impaled with Clutterbuck, 1778. 
No blazon. (Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 168: Ann, d. of Samuel S. 
and Ann Darrell, married ? Edmund C] The same, 1741- 
1764. Children of Samuel S. and Anne Webb. The same, 
impaling the same, 1752. Eliza, wife of Samuel S., of 
Mussilhill, and she of this parish, aged 27. [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 168 : Samuel, of Mussel Hill, co. Middlesex., s. of William 
S., and there is an Elizabeth, who may well have been Eliza, 
d. of Samuel S. and Ann Darrell close by in the ped., and as 
her father and William his father were brothers, it would be 
a first cousin marriage.] The same, 1770, impaling Whor- 
wooD. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 168: Samuel S., of this parish, 
age defaced, married Jane, died 1799, aged 74, d. of Thomas 
W.] The same, 1749, impaling [? Darrell],. 1749. [Glos, 
Vis., 1682, p. 168 : Samuel S., aged 63, married Ann D., aged 
59.] Haresfield. Impaled with Antony Andrews, 1678. [No 
inscription about her, and she is not in the Vis.'\ Stanley S. 
Leonard's. Impaled with Clifford. No blazon given, but it 
is the same. [Rudder, 687, and Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 41 : John 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



425 



C, of Frampton, Esq., married first Mary, d. of William 
Shepheard, of Horsley.] Hempsted. " Erm. on a chief 
embat. (another variation) sa. 3 battleaxes arg.," William 
S., 1674, and Alice his wife, 1693. [_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 167 : 
William S. married as his fourth wife Alice, d. of . . . 
Coney, of co. Lincoln. I cannot find her for certain in the 
Lincoln Coney peds.] 

[PSHEPPARD.] Miserden. In Mill's Chapel. Impaled with 
Mills : '* Az. on a chev. betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis 
or, 3 mullets sa." Monument says William 
Mills, 1724, aged 68, married Sarah . . . 1761, aged 91 ; and 
William Mills, 1776, aged 82, married Eliza . . . 1746, aged 
48 ; so I cannot say which is the wife of the arms. [More 
probably the mullets were gu., and that she belonged to the 
Somerset or Wilts family of S.] 

SHERSALL. Clifford Chambers. Fourteenth quartering of 
Raynesford, 1632, brought in by Berwicke, 
the thirteenth: ''Arg. 3 bendlets az. on a 
canton sa. a lion pass, or." [Oxford Vis. : Margaret, d. and h. 
of S., married Richard Berwyke ; this is the eleventh quar- 
tering in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 227.] 

SHILLING. MicUeton. Fifth quartering of Graves, 

1616, and fourth shield on sinister side of 
monument : " Sa. on a bend arg. 3 (?) martlets 
of the field." Damaris, d. and coh. of Capt. Andrew S., 
married Capt. Richard Swann, and their g.d. Susan, 1719, 
aged 68, d. and coh. of Capt. Richard Swann and Dorothy 
Danvers, married Samuel Graves, 1708, s. and h. of Richard, 
who was g.s. of John G., 1616. At the bottom of the last 
monument, the same, fourth quartering of Graves, with 
escut. of pret., Morgan quarterly ; this is for Richard, s. and 
h. of Samuel G. and Susan Swann, who married Elizabeth, 
d. and coh. of Capt. Thomas M., and erected this monument. 
[? SHIRLEY.] Todington. Third shield of Tracy ped., and 
impaled with T. : " Barry or and az. a 
canton erm." [Query really, " Paly of six 
or and az. a canton erm." Rudder, 771 : Sir John T., 



426 



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Knt., first Viscount T., married Anne, d. of Sir Thomas S.,. 
Knt.] . 

? SHURMER. Rodhovough. " Erm. on a pile gu. a lion 
pass, guard, or," 172 1, impaling (?) Farrow, 
1739 ; and the same over Roberts monu- 
ment, 1766. [Rudder, 630: On tomb in churchyard. The 
inscription begins with Mary, relict of John Langley, d. of 
Thomas Roberts ; then another d. marries Bicknell Coney ; 
another d. ; and then finishes with Thomas R., 1766, aged 
68, below which is this shield, so there has been some 
confusion here. The arms and crest are those of [Cater] . 
Shurmer arms I cannot find, but Fairbairn gives his crest : 
Out of a ducal coronet or an arm in armour ppr. holding in 
the hand a cross crosslet fitched sa., which is not like the 
following.] Crest : Lion's head erased charged on the neck 
with two bars gemels. 

SIMONS. Lechelade. Impaling Pleydell, 1729: "A 

bend engr. betw. 2 fireballs ppr.," Robert 
S., MDDXXII., ? 1722, aged 69. On 
lozenge shield, the same, 1729. Anne, wife of Robert and 
d. of Edward Pleydell, of Cricklade. On lozenge shield. 

Or a bend engr. vert betw. 2 fireballs gu.," 1769. [Rudder, 
520, actually calls the "fireballs" roses; they were most 
probably "fired ppr." -Mrs. (most probably by courtesy) 
Anne Simmons,. aged 76.] 

SINGLETON. Hill, or Hall. Second quartering of Fust, 
1779: " Arg. 3 chevs. gu. betw. as many 
martlets sa." \_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 67, heads 

the ped. : Edward F., of London, 1577, married Jane, d. 

(not stated to be h.) of . . . S.] 

[SINGLETON.] Newent. " (Arg.) a chev. (sa.) betw. 3 
pellets." 1642, Francis S., vicar of the 
parish. This is the Lancashire family. 

[SIVEDALL.] Newent. On an atchievenient. "(Arg.) on 
a bend (sa.) cotised engr. (gu.) betw. 
2 eagles displ. (vert) a mullet (for diff.)," 

1659, William S., of Malswick, gent. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



SKIPWITH. Hardwicke. Shield, marshalled with Trye: 
" Arg. 3 bars, and a greyhound current in 
chief az." [This is one of the numerous 
variations. The field in the Hertfordshire branch is " Gu. 
bars, arg. and greyhound per pale or and erm. collared az." ; 
the commonest is " Arg. bars, gu. and greyhound sa. collared 
or." I fancy this one is " Sa. faded az.," as such a one is 
not mentioned in the Aymovies.~\ But Bigland adds, " With 
many quarterings," not giving the number. [I will give- 
names of hs. taken from Lincoln Vis., Genealogist, v. 35, but 
they may have brought in many more : Laughton, Ormesby, 
Flinton, Hawley, Elkington, Dymoke. Hertford Vis., 1572^ 
p. 20, gives with S. six-quarterings : Rowlett, Knight, Forster,, 
Waring, Pennington, Nevill.] Bigland says John Trye, Esq., 
and Margaret his wife, sixth d. of Sir William S., Knt., in 
Queen Elizabeth's time; he was knighted 1547. [There are 
seven peds. of S. in the Hart. Lincoln Peds., but she is 
omitted on p. 895, being entered in Burke's Ext. Barts., p. 488,. 
and is given in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 171. Her mother was 
Elizabeth, d. and h. of Sir Richard Page, Knt. ; so there 
would be another quartering to come in in the next 
generation.] 

SKYNNER. Newent. Rudder, 565, gives the tinctures: 

(Sa.) a chev. (or) betw. 3 griffins' heads 

erased (arg.)." Stephen S., senior, 1715,. 
aged 80, and Hannah his wife, 1691, aged 82 [so she was 
born 26 years before him] , and Stephen S., junior, 1729,. 
aged 72, with Elinor his wife, 1669, no age given. 
•[? SKYNNER.] Neivent. Quarterly 2 and 3, with Nourse,. 

171 1 : "A chev. betw. 3 grifiins' heads." 

[In Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 127, the third Walter 
N.'s marriage is not given, but this shield is placed over the 
fourth Walter, the last in the ped. ; therefore his father may 
have married a d. and h. of S. The third Walter Nourse died 
1742, aged 88, and a Mrs. Mary Nourse, 1727, aged 69,. 
who may have been his wife, is close by. Of course, 
without the tinctures it is impossible to say for certain,. 



428 



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but the similar coat, in close contiguit}^, makes it a reason- 
able conjecture.] 

SLAUGHTER. JJppev Slaughter. First shield. Quarterly 
I and 4 with 2 and 3, Hill. Second, 
the same, and impaling Sedgwick, 1736 : 
" Arg. a saltire az." [Rudder, 666, two monuments. 
First : Chambers S., of Braceleigh, co. Wore, 1718, 
aged 66 ; his relict, Susanna, d. and in Grazebrook's 
Wore. Heraldry, p. 519, coh. of Richard Hill, of Bachcombe, 
CO. Hereford, erected the monument. Second: Sarah, 1736 
d. of Obediah Sedgwick, and wife of (another) Chambers S., 
perhaps the son of last, but I can find no ped.] S., with a 
crescent for difF., 1698. [Rudder, 666: Edmond, fifth s. of 
Chambers S., aged 71. Rudder says there was a Chambers 
S. lord of the manor 1608.] Tewkesbury. "Arg. a saltire az.," 
impaling [Pert], 1640. Crest: Issuant out of a ducal 
coronet a Phoenix az., really an eagle's head betw. 2 wings 
az. beaked or. Dyde, 65 : Anne, d. of Daniel P., and wife 
of Paris S., Esq. Rudder, 666: Paris, s. and h. of John S., 
Esq., died in 1597.] 

SLOPER. Tethiiry. Impaled with Fisher : " Or in 

chief a dove close [Armories, volant) arg. 
(false) with an olive branch in her mouth 
ppr. in base 2 snakes twined with their heads downwards 
[Armories, chainways and in chev.) ppr.," ? 1793. [Nayler, 
on plate 45 : " Arg. a (bird more like a hawk) rising standmg 
on two snakes conjoined without tails in the form of an arch, 
heads downwards sa.," and says of Iron Acton, and the 
same is in Atkyns' plate. Armories: "Or 2 snakes entwined 
chainways and in chev. ppr. [i.e. vert) in chief (so not standing 
on) a dove volant arg. [i.e. false) in the beak an olive branch 
vert," CO. Kent. The Wilts S. bore " Gu. a dove rising 
holding in beak an olive sprig arg." So the coat looks as ,if 
it was a " Per chief gu. and arg. on chief the dove volant or 
rising, holding in its beak an olive branch of the second, and 
in base two snakes entwined like a rope ppr.," a compound 
of the last and first. Fosbrooke's ped. is very meagre, and 



* 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



429 



Rudder only gives Matthew S., lord of the manor of Losemore 
in Avening, and John, of the Manor of Codrington in Wapley] . 
Impaled with Clark, 1795. As first wife, a dimidiated coat 
with [PYerbury], 1794, her date being 1755. [There are 
none mentioned in the Visitations, and I cannot find the daus. 
marriages.] Cheltenham. " A dove standing on 2 serpents 
entwined, holding in beak an olive branch," 1715. [Bigland 
gives no tinctures, perhaps it was a carved shield ; but the 
monument says William S., gent., and his d. Elizabeth, who 
married John Ayleway, 1777, mercer.] The same. Elizabeth, 
1694, wife of the last William, and sister of Edward Mitchell, 
gent,, as well as Mrs. Ayleway's death 1752, aged 55. Also 
William, s. of William and Elizabeth M., 1765, aged 70. 
[Bigland in his own plates does not give the coat, but this is 
in favour of its not being a compound coat, and as that given 
by Atkyns and Nayler.] 

? SMALL. Cromhall. Error of Bigland's for the aug- 

mentation coat granted in 1445 to Cod- 
rington, with which it is quartered: " Sa. 
(really vert) on a bend arg. 3 roses gu. barbed vert, in sinister 
chief point a chessrook (really dex. hand couped at wrist) of 
the second." [See GIos. Traits., xxi. p. 307.] Robert, 1744, 
s. of Robert C. and Agnes Samwell, married Anne, 1761, 
d. and coh. of Robert Allen, of Woodend in Cromhall.] 
SMALL. Dursley. Impaled with Purnell., 1729: 

" (Sa.) on a bend (arg.) 3 roses (gu. barbed 
vert), in sinister chief a chessrook (of the 
second)," 1735, Anne, 1735, ^g^^ 80, wife of Thomas P., of 
■Kingshill, aged 72. [Neither of these come into the Vis. 
Rudder, 426, gives the chessrook as a fleur-de-lis.] Hampton 
Minchin. The same, untinctured, with escut. of pret., Ovey. 
John, fourth s. of George S. and ? Mary Webb, married 
Elizabeth, d. and coh. of John O., also Ovy, and Rudder, 
471, Overy. He died 1725. Lechelade. Impaled with 
Bathurst, 1726: "... on abend ... 3 roses . . . and in 
dexter canton (generally sinister chief; this last implies a 
canton over the bend) a chessrook . . ." [Glos. Vis., 1682, 



430 



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p. 169, and Bigland : Elizabeth, 1748, aged 81, d. of George 
S. and Mary Webb, married Robert B.] Wheatenhirst, 
Atchment. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3, Query, 73.' The 
same as Dursley. Crest : On a chessrook arg. a wren ppr., 
and impaling Query, 73. 

SMALL- Turley and Haw. Quarterly i and 4 with 

BROOKE. , ^ . . , , . , ^ 

2 and 3, Queries, 68, impaled with 1 urton : 

" Or a sword bendways point upwards ppr." 

Turton-S. marriages. I imagine this most likely to be 

[Armories say sa. ; Stafford Vis., vol. 5, part 2, gives two 

William T., aged 36 in 1663, and Sarah, d. of Thomas S., of 

Birmingham. She was his first wife, and had four children,, 

who are coupled as having died young; so very likely for her 

or them the monument was erected. Their connection with 

Turley was owing to the double marriage of Turtons with 

Brownes. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 29.] 

SMART. Bisley. "(Arg. a chev. betw. 3 pheons (sa.)," 

Thomas S., of Gray's, in this parish, 1746, 
aged 63, and others. Cheltenham. With 
escut. of pret. a cross. The same. [But Rudder, 337, gives 
the tinctures as above, and also those of the cross, which would 
be [Osborne] . Baptist S., M.D., 1772, aged 63. Winchcomhe. 
The same, only with the field or, a variation, 1768, impaling 
[Lloyd] quarterly. 

SMITH, OR Campden. Two shields. i : " Sa. a fess 

SMYTH 

betw. 3 saltires (humetty) or." Crest : Two 
serpents entwined ppr. \_Glos. Vis., 1623, 
p. 147: Kz.^i.e. faded vert., which would be ppr.] 2: The 
same, impaling Throkmorton, 1593. Monument says 
Thomas S. married first Elizabeth, d. and h. [Glos. Vis.^ 
1623, p. 148, coh.) of Eustace Fitz-Harbert, and secondly 
Katherine, d. of George T., Knt. [Glos. Vis. does not give 
this second marriage; but on p. 147 an earlier Thomas S. 
marries Catharine, d. of George T., Knt., widow of Robert 
Winter ; and in Warivicksliire Vis., p. 88, Kath., d. of Sir 
George T., of Cowton, Knt., marries first William Winter, 
and secondly Tho. Smith, of Camden. There is no George 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



431 



T., Knt., in the Glos. Vis., so it looks as if the Thomases in the 
Olos. Vis. had been confounded ; the date would point to the 
•one marrying Fitz-Herbert.] Farmington. " Sa. an eagle 
^displ. erm.," 1687-8, Rev. Humfrey S., rector of the parish. 
[The true blazon is in Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 170: " Per pale 
€rm. and erminois an eagle displ. sa." He married three 
wives.] Minchin Hampton. " (Sa.) on a chev. engr. betw. 6 
crosses patty fitchee (or) 3 fleurs-de-lis (az.) each charged 
with an annulet (arg.)." [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 171, says the 
annulet is a plate on the centre leaf, which implies a charge, 
not a cadeney diff. Several members of the family from 
1758 to 1782.] Mickleton. In lozenge shield, impaling Query, 
39 : " (Arg.) 3 greyhounds currant (in pale sa. collared or) 
betw. 10 crosses pattee fitche (of the second)." [Under 
monument to Utrecia, 1743, and another one says d. of Rev. 
William S., 1768, Vicar of Toddington and many years curate 
•of this parish, and Utrecia, the query, 1760, his wife.] Pains- 
wick. " Sa. on a chev. engr. betw. 6 crosses pattee fitche at 
the foot or 3 fleurs-de-lis az.," 1780. [This is the same as 
Minchin Hampton, only without the charges on the fleurs-de- 
lis, so it looks as if the annulet on the former was a cadency 
mark for diff. and the plate an uncut or wrongly painted 
annulet. Glos. N. and Q , i. 181, gives Ann and Charlotte of 
this date.] The same, impaling ? [Partridge] , no date. 
But in note of p. 121 in Glos. Vis., 1623, Joseph Smith married 
Betty Partridge, 1789.] Sodbury Chipping. Escut. of pret. 
on Hardwicke, 1747: "Per chev. az. and or 3 escallops 
counterchanged," 1715. [Rudder, 675: Peter H., M.D., of 
Bristol, aged 64, and Mary or Maria his wife, aged 22, 
younger d. of Henry S., co. Derby.] Stapleton. Second 
atchment, with escut. of pret., Whitchurch, quarterly : 
Gu. on a chev. betw. 3 cinquefoils arg. as many leopards, 
faces sa. a crescent . . for diff." Crest : A griffin's head 
erased gu., beaked, eared and charged on the neck with 2 
bars or." [These are the Smyths, Barts., of Ashton Court. 
Thomas, brother of Sir John Hugh, second Bart., married Jane, 
only d. and h. of Joseph W^, of Heath House, Stapleton.] 



432 



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The same as the last, 1800, only with five quartering?. 
[The dates are not given in Burke s Peerage, but it would be 
either Thomas or Jane's death.] The same as the last, 1799. 
[And it must be the death date of either of the last.] Wood- 
chester. Impaling "... a bear ramp, muzzled . . ." Mary, 
1762. — ? Beresford : " Sa. on a chev. engr. betw. 6 crosses 
fitchee or 3 (as many would be six) fleurs-de-lis or [false,, 
really az.)," 1757. [I think this would be James, eleventh s. 
of Edward S. and Rose Leche, the last in the ped. Glos. Vis.,. 
1682, p. 173.] 

? SMITH. Bouvion - on - the - Hill. Escut. of pret. on 

Harward, 1743: " Az. a chev. erm. betw. 

3 lions ramp, and as many altars or." 
[Query the reading of this. Are the lions in chief and the 
altars in base? I think this must be intended for Smijth, 
Barts., as monument is to Kemp H., Doctor of Physic, and 
Altham H., his s., 1733. Now Thomas S., Esq., who was 
created a Bart, in 1661, married first Johanna, d. of Sir 
Edward Altham, Knt. (Burke's Peerage), by whom he had ten 
sons; but Kimber says he had eleven sons and two ds., so 
it was most probably a g.d. of this marriage that married 
Kemp H. The true blazon is " Sa. on a fess dancetty arg. 
betw. 3 lioncels ramp, reguard. of the second each sup- 
porting an altar or flaming ppr., nine billets of the field."] 
Todington. Seventh atchment, impaling Tracy : " Or a 
chev. betw. 3 roses gu." [Rudder, 772, says John Smith, of 
Combe-Hay, co. Somerset, Esq., married Ann, d. of Thomas 
Charles, fifth Viscount T. His coat is given by CoUinson as 
" Gu. on a chev. or betw. 3 cinquefoils arg. 2 leopards' faces 
of the field." Though this blazon is doubted, yet it is suffi- 
ciently different to prove there is some mistake.] 
? SMITHSEND. Ashchurch. Impahng ? [Wynde.] : ''A bend 

wavy," 1717, Thomas S., of Tewkesbury. 

Rudder, 237: Smithend and Paulina, 1735, 
his wife. [I cannot find tinctures or ped. ; but, being of 
Tewkesbury, I thought Paulina might be a Wynde, as the 
arms, though not tinctured, are similar.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



433 



SMYTH, OR 
SMITH 



Cirencester. Impaled with Master : " Sa. on 
a cross engr. betw. 6 crosses patty fitchy or 
3 fleurs-de-lis of the field each charged with 



a plate." (See Smith, or Smyth, Minchin Hampton, &c.) 
[There may have been this Mastef-Smyth marriage, but 
the only one in the Glos. Vis., 1682, is Smyth-Master, and 
this is the marshalling of the one in Cirencester given by 
Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 291, and plate 114, which 
would be Thomas S. Not in S. ped., but in Master in the 
1682 Vis., so probably his second marriage with Bridget, 
third d. of Sir William M. and Alice Estcourt ; therefore I 
think an error of Bigland.] Henhury. On lozenge shield. 
" Gu. on a chev. b'etw. 3 cinquefoils arg. each charged 
with an annulet of tlie first as many leopards' heads (faces) 
sa.," 1760. [Why this annulet ? Her father was in direct 
line, as he was Sir John who married Elizabeth Astry. See 
CoUinson, ii. 293. Is it not more likely that the cinquefoils 
were pierced ? Anne, aged 68, being his eldest d. and un- 
married. The five ds. are not given correctly in Burke's 
Peerage.^ NiUey. Third of three shields. " Sa. on a chev. 
engr. betw. 6 crosses pattee fitche or 3 fleurs-de-lis az." [This, 
although Rudder, 575, says each fleur-de-lis is charged with 
a plate at the top, and Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 171, the same, is 
without it, and it therefore looks like a cadency annulet 
where it is used, I cannot help fancying that the Nibley 
family did not bear it, but that it was borne by the 
Stonehouse branch as a difference.] Stonehouse. Quarterly 
I and 4. The same as last, only with the difference of a 
label of 3 points arg. with 2 and 3, Fowler, 1675. [This,, 
according to Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 172, must be the first of the 
Stonehouse branch, yet he being a second s. does not bear 
the annulet or plate, but a label, so there seems to be some 
fault in the heraldry they bore.] Rudder, 702 : Thomas S., 
1684, married Mary F., 1675. ? The same (but chev. not 
engr.) impaling on dexter side Fowler, and on sinister side 
? [Master]. See Cirencester. [Rudder says that on Thomas' 
shield there is a mistake in the number of crosses, but it has 



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neither label nor charge.] The same, quarterly 2 and 3 with 
Ball, 1729. \Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 172, and Rudder, 702: Mary, 
1703, d. and (? coh.) of Thomas S. and Mary Fowler, married 
John B., of London, gent., and the latter gives the arms 
without label or charge.] The same 2 and 3 quartering Avith 
Ball, and impaling, Query, 59. [Rudder, 702, does not give 
the impaling, but the monument is to John, Esq., s. of the 
last pair, 1729, aged 32, " Exempt and Captain of his 
Majesties ist Troop of Horse Guards." 

SNELL. Elmore. Impaled with Guise, 1716: "Quar- 

terly (given in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 150, as 
" Per pale,") gu. and az. a cross flory or." 
Dorothea, 1738, aged 76, d. of John S., lord of the manor of 
Uffeton, CO. Warwick, married William, s. of Major Henry 
G-., of Winterbourne. The same, 1736 and 1737, two infant 
sons, Edward and William, of Henry Guise and Mary 
Cooke [and therefore g.sons of the shield above]. The 
same, 2 and 3 quartering with i and 4, Guise, and escut. of 
pret., CooKE, Henry G., 1749, aged 51. [So Dorothea was 
an heiress; therefore the two shields before should have 
borne S. on an escut. of pret., and this last one should have 
been over the two infants.] Upton S. Leonard's. The same, 
impaling Brabazon. Also the same, 1754. Crest : A fox 
statant ppr., upon a lamb couchant arg., behind them the 
holy cross gu. Buvkes Armory, 1884: A wolf preying upon 
a lamb (no tinctures) in front of a cross Calvary erect gu. 
[This is given as the alternative there to the one in the 
'Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 150, which is a demi talbot ramp. gu. 
-collared and lined or, a crescent for diff. This marriage is 
not in the peds., so I am unable to prove it.] The same, 
impaled with Steers, 1817. 

SNOW. Woodchester. ImpaHng Paul. Fifth hatch- 

ment. " Per fess nebule az. and arg. 3 
antelopes' heads erased countercharged 

crined or." [Burke's Extinct Barts.: George S., of co. Dorset, 

married Elizabeth, d. of Sir Onesiphorus P. and Jane 

Blackburn.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



435 



[SOAME.] Ozelwovth. Atchment. Second quartering of 

Lowe : " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 mullets or." 
[Given in Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 117, as 2 and 
3, " Arg. on a chev. gu. 3 cross crosslets or " ; but this is 
not likely to be intended for the sar6e coat, as it appears in 
Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 60, and in Kent Vis., i6ig, p. 116, as 
" Crosses pattee." In both, the peds. do not include this 
marriage, and on p. 118 of the 1682 the second Sir 
Gabraell Lowe, 1704, aged 86, married Lydia, d. (not 
stated to be h.) of Sir Stephen S., and in Essex Vis., 1634, 
p. 490, Lydia is third d. of Sir Stephen, and the arms are 
given with a "crescent for diff."] 

SODINGTON.] Thomhury. First atchment. 2 and 3 quar- 
tering of Blount, impaled with Howard 
quarterly : " Arg. 3 leopards' faces jessant 

of fleur-de-lis sa." [Worcestev Vis., 1569, p. 20: Sir Walter 

B., Knt., married secondly Joan, or Jane, d. and h. of 

William S., of Sodington.] 

i[?SOLERS.] Notgfove. Second shield. Second quartering 
of ? Poole, impaled with Whittington : 
"... a fess dancette . . ." [Rudder, 583, 
says S., but if so, the arms would be " Or a fess az.," as 
given by Nayler, though it might be " vair," which might 
give the fess a zigzag outline; but I can find no Poole-S. 
marriage. Catherine, the Glos. h., married Twyniho. " Or 
a fess dancetty az." is Haslewood ; it does not come into 
Poole quarterings.] 

SOLLEY. Minchin Hampton. Twelfth quartering of 

HoPTON, impaled with Dallaway, 1776: 
" Vert a chev. or and gu. (? gu. fimbriated 
or) betw. 3 soles naiant of the second." [The soles 
are generally haurient. Grazebrook gives the coat in 
his Wovc» Heraldry, p. 530, as ''Vert a chev. per pale 
or and gu. (but this is partially false) betw. 3 soles 
naiant arg."] 

SOMERS. Cam. "Vert a fess dancetty erm.," , 

Cornwell S., 1699, aged 65. 
30 

Vol. XXVIII. 



436 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



SOMERSET. Paimtley. First atchment. Escut. of pret. on 
[Brickenden] : " Quarterly modern France 
and England." [This certainly should have 
" a bordure compony arg. and az.," and I should think other 
differences from the Beaufort coat. I cannot find this 
marriage, but imagine that she must have been a sister of 
Edward Maria S., ob. s.p., who was the last at Pauntley, 
and therefore a d. of Henry S., who Bridges' Collins, i. 232, 
says was of Pentley Court, co. Glos., and Ann Aston.] 
Second atchment. The same, impaling Calvert. [See the 
same reference in Bridges. Edward Maria S. married first 
Clare, d. of Charles Calvert, Lord Baltimore, and afterwards 
her sister Anne.] The same without the bordure, 1764, but. 
this is in a lozenge shield on the breast of an eagle with two 
heads, in the beak (? beaks) an annulet or, round the neck a 
Viscount's coronet. [? Marquis coronet, and a d. of one of the 
Worcesters.] Stapleton. First atchment. Quarterly in 
error England named France, and 2 and 3 France, all 
within "a bord. compony arg. and az.," with escut. of pret. 
Berkeley quartering Botetourt. Supporters : On dex. 
side a panther arg. spotted with various colours, fire issuing 
out of his mouth and ears ppr., gorged with a collar and 
chain pendent or ; on the sin. side a wivern vert holding in 
his mouth a sinister hand coupt at the wrist ppr., 1799. 
Duchess of Beaufort. [Charles Noel S., fourth Duke of 
Beaufort, 1756, married in 1740 Elizabeth, d. of John 
Berkeley, of Stoke Giffard, and sister of Norborne, Lord 
Botetourt, which Barony she inherited.] 

SOMERVILLE, Aston Sonievville. There was in the E. window 
of the chancel this shield : "Arg. 3 leopards' 
faces in fess betw. 3 annulets gu." 
[? SOMER- MicUeton. Third quartering of Fisher : " Az. 3 



VILLE.] 



eagles displ. or." [As a Somerville was coh. of 
[Orreby] , the supposed fourth quartering.] 
Almondshiivy . Fourth quartering of Veel, 
1577 : " Quarterly (or and gu.) in the first 
quarter a lion pass, guard, (az.)." [Given 



[? SORE.] 



♦ 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



437 



so in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 13, as the eighth, witii Veale the 
seventh quartering of Baynham, and on page 208 the same 
as third, with Veale the second quartering of Brayne. On 
page 172 this is named [Massy]; really a very similar coat, 
but is generally " Quarterly gu. and pr," the lion being of the 
second, and not guard. Massy is a quartering of Veel or 
Vele, but not the earlier one, as Robert V., the third in the 
ped., married Hawisia, filia sore et hoeres St. Fagon, their 
place in Glamorganshire.] Wotton Undevedge. Tenth quarter- 
ing of Bainham, 1667, brought in by seventh, Veel : 
Quarterly or and gu. in the first quarter a lion pass, 
sa." [Most probably an error in blazon caused by a 
repaint.] 

? SOUCHE. Paimtley. Fourth shield in windows, really 
[Besford] : " Gu. a fess betw. 6 pears 
pendant or." Qtieinton. On altar tomb 
brass marshalled with Clopton. [This is tinctured as the 
first ; the pears are really ppr. Glos. Vis., 1623, P- 85, this 
coat is the third quartering of Hugford, and the ped. on p. 86 
shows how Margaret, d. and coh. of Alexander B., married 
Dickleston, and her other coh. . . . married Sir William 
Clopton, Knt. There are two more shields on this tomb not 
given in Bigland. Clopton impaling Besford, and ? Clopton 
with a canton.] 

[SOUTHBY.] Withington. Third atchment. Impaled with 

? [Hayward] : " Arg. (generally or) a chev. 

betw. 3 apples gu." [Burke s Land. Gent.,. 
1S535 P- 1264: Bridget, d. of Richard S. and Bridget Lye, 
married the Rev. John H., rector of the parish.] 
? SOUTHEY. Cheltenham. Error for [Sarrell] . Fifteenth 

quartering of Lygon : " Arg. a chev. az. 

betw. 3 garbs or (false, the garbs should be 
"vert banded or ") banded and stalked vert." [^Worcester Vis.y 
1569, p. 138 : Margerett, coh. with her sisters Ellinor and 
Alice, being ds. of William Grevill, a judge, and . . . d. and 
h. of John Arrell, married (Sir) Richard L. ; but it was only 
through Ellinor's marriage with Robert Vampage, s. of John, 



43^ Transactions for the Year 1905. 



who married Margery, d. and h. to John Sarell, that the 
quartering came to the Grevilles.] 

SOUTHWELL. Henhuvy. Impahng Bering : " Arg. 3 
cinquefoils gu. each charged with 5 (gener- 
ally 6, one on each lobe and one in the 
middle) annulets or," 1702. Sir Robert, s. of Robert S., Esq., 
of Kinsale, married Elizabeth, eld. d. of Sir Edward D., 
Bart., CO. Kent. Crest : Demi goat (ramp.) arg. eared 
(armed) and gorged with a ducal coronet, and charged (on 
the body) with 3 annulets (in bend) gu. First of two shields. 
The same, with escut. of pret., Cromwell, 1709. Edward S., 
Esq., 1730, married first Lady Elizabeth, sole d. and h. of 
Vere Essex C, Baron Oakham. Second shield. The same, 
impaling Blathwait, 1717. Edward S., married secondly 
Ann, d. of William B. and Ann Winter. The same, impaling 
Bering, 1681. Sir Robert S.'s wife, as first. The same, 
quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3 Clifford (augmentation 
quartering on being created Baron C), impaling Campbell. 
[G. E. C, ii. 294: Edward S., Baron Clifford, 1777, only s. 
and h. of Rt. Hon. Edward S., and Catherine, sister and h. 
of Thomas Watson, third Earl of Rockingham, married 
Sophia, 1828, d. of Samuel C, of Mount Campbell, co. 
Leitrim.] The same, 1755, Rt. Hon. Edward S., father 
of the last, who married Catherine Watson. 
SPEAKE. Prinkmsh. Impaled with Bennis, 1701 : 

"Arg. 2 bars az. over all an eagle displ. 
with two heads gu. armed or." [Most 
probably, by the date, a child of Henry B., who married 
Margaret, d. of Sir George S., Knt. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 51.] 
SPENCER. Ehvington. Impaled with Keyt : "Quarterly 

arg. and gu. in 2 and 3 quarters a fret or 
over all on a bend sa. 3 escallops of the 
first," 1687. {Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 102: Francis, second s. 
of John K. and Jane Porter (who was an h., and therefore 
this should have been a quartered shield of Keyt) married 
Alice, d. of Sir William S., Bart., and Constance Lucy. 
Mickleton. The same, impaling Keyt. [Error in shield or 



* 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



439 



blazon, as it is the same as last, viz., Keyt-Spencer marriage^ 
being the memorial to Alice above, who died 1687, and is a 
duplicate of it ; possibly one was intended for him and the 
other for her.] Stonehoiise. Crest : Griffin's head erased 
(arg. and generally out of a ducal coronet or), 1790. Tethuvy, 
" Or 3 bars az. (barry of 6 or and az.) a canton erm.," i745» 
Todenham. Impaled with Moulton, 1614: " Az. 6 seamews* 
heads erased arg. 2.2.2." 1604. [Really, " Az. a fess. erm. 
betw. 6 seamews' heads erased arg." These Spencers are 
of CO. Northampton.] 

[? SPICER.l Ashchurch. (Sa.) a fess embat. betw. 3 lions 

ramp, (or)." [This is what it is now, which 

would be Spicer. Monument to Mary, 1756, 

aged 66, wife of and to Nicholas Steight, 1763, aged 80, 

and below, this stone is erected by their s. Nicholas Spicer 

Steight, so it appears to be Mary's coat, and yet has a] 

Crest : Castle triple towered. [Not so now, it is the Spicer 

crest : A round tower embattled with cupola arg.] 

SPICER. Neivent. " Parti per fess crenelle 3 lions 

ramp." [Wore, Vis., 1682, p. 89, gives 

this as at Ashchurch, and as the family of 

Steight come into the memorials below, it shows their close 

connection with the family.] Nathaniel S. of this parish, 

1740, aged 76. Oxenhall. *' . . . a fess embat. . . . betw. 3 

lions ramp. ..." 1687. [This would be the same.] 

[SPREN- Stanleys. Leonard's. 2 and ^ quarterinec of 

CHEAUX.] ^ .,-D r ^ . r 

bANDFORD : "Per less gu. and vert a less 

betw. 2 chevs. ..." [This is not quite the 
true blazon, it is " Per fess gu. and vert a fess and in chief a 
chev. arg." Shropshire Vis., 1623, p. 432 : Eliza, d. and coh. 
to Sir Foulke Springseour, Knt., married William Sandford 
of Up Rossall. Rudder, 686-7, says the Sandfords are 
descended from an ancient Shropshire family, and gives 
several monuments to them dating from 1749 to 1771.] 
[SPRINGETT.] Wickwar. Impaled with [Woodward] : 

*' Per fess (arg. and gu.) a fess wavy betw. 

3 crescents counterchanged," •, 1749^ 



440 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

[Rudder, 821 : Sarah, wife of Daniel W., of Bristol, and d. of 
Thomas S., Esq., of Grosmond, co. Monmouth."] 
? SPRY. Stomhouse. Impaled with ? [Davies] and 

Query, 59 : " Gyrony of 4 arg. and gu. a 
crescent or in each counterchanged," 1819. 
[S. is really " Per saltire gu. and arg. 4 crescents counter 
changed."] 

STAFFORD. Bisley. On the roof of church inside the cog- 
nizance of the house of S. No blazon. [This 
most probably is a swan.] Eastington. Eighth 
quartering of Knevet in a lozenge shield: "Or a chev. gu." 
[Ehzabeth was the d. of Sir William K., Knt., of Bucken- 
ham, CO. Norfolk; her mother, Joane, d. of Humphrey de S. 
and Anne Nevill, married secondly Sir W. K.] Tewkesbury. 
In lozenge shield. " Or a chev. gu. a mullet for diff." [Dyde, 
68 : Elianor Stanford, wife of the Hon. Francis S., s. of 
Sir William Howard, Viscount Stafford, and Mary, created 
Baroness and Countess S., d. and h. of Edward S. and Anne 
Wilford.] Impaling Stanford and Cocks quarterly. Thornhuvy. 
^* Gu. in fess on the dexter side {i.e. Baron) the Stafford knot 
or, on the sinister {i.e. femme) a peacock's head erased upon 
a wreath of the second." [Rudder, 759, there are these 
insignia as above, only the peacock's head is a wolf's ; 
I read it as a griffin's, which I find one branch of the family 
bore, otherwise .it would be a swan's head. Sir John S., Knt., 
1624, query knighted 1596. He was Constable of Bristol 
Castle.] 

[STAFFORD.] Cvaiiham, Impaled with Done, 1740: "Or 

a chev. gu. a canton erm." [This 

would be one of the Irish Staffords, but 

I cannot find marriage.] 

STANFORD. Painszmck. Impaled with Castleman as first 
wife: " Sa. a chev. betw. 3 buglehorns or" 
(arg. in Papworth). [As Glos. N. &> Q., i. 
i8g, gives only one Castleman monument, I suppose this 
must be Rudder's on p. 596. Jonathan C, 1738, aged 77, 
but he only gives the C. arms without the two impalings. If 



Heralrdy of Gloucestershire. 441 



this is the Jonathan C. of the ped. in Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 37, 
he is only stated to have married Jane, d. of . . . ob. 1712, 
by whom he had two ds. and a son, Jonathan, ob. 1709, so he 
might easily marry again.] Tewkeshivy. Quarterly i and 4 
impaled with Stafford : " 3 bars,'" 1707 [Really, " Arg*. 
3 bars az." See Stafford under Tewkesbury. Elianor, d. of 
Edward S.] and quartering Cocks. [I cannot find this 
Stanford-Cocks connection ; in fact, see Cocks. Burke's 
Extinct Barts.j p. 121, it seems as if it should be a quartering 
of Stafford and not Stanford.] 

STANLEY. Newent. Impaled with Woodward, 1699: 

" Arg. on a bend az. cotised gu. 3 bucks' 
heads caboshed or." [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 

208: Dorothy, 1667, d. of Thomas S., of co. Sussex, married 

Christopher W., of the Mote.] 

[STAVELEY.] Charlton King's, or Ashley. Impaled with 
Rich : " (Arg.) on a chev. betw. 3 lozenges 
(sa.) as many bucks' heads caboshed (or)," 

, 1692. [Mrs. (by courtesy) Margaret R., d. of Edward 

R., of Dowdeswell. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 143, says Edward R., 
ob. 1680, married Martha, d. of . . . ob. 1684, and they had 
a d. Margaret ; so these arms are valuable as showing 
Martha's family, but I cannot find reference.] Dowdeswell. 
Impaled with Rich, 1680. The same as last with the 
tinctures. Edward R., aged 78, and his wife Martha, 1684, 
aged 73, [so this corroborates the last]. 

STEERS Upton S. Leonard's. Impaling Snell: " Or a 

mullet gu. (? sa.)," 1817. [I cannot find 
this marriage.] 

STEPHENS. Bisley. " Per chev. az. and arg. 2 falcons 
rising or," 1745, Thomas, s. of Thomas S. 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 177, and Anne Neale ; 
he was Deputy Town Clerk of Bristol, and does not seem to 
have married.] Churchdown. Escut. of pret. on Windowe, 
1745-6, quartering Freame. The same, only falcons 
volant," 1759. \_Glos. Vis., 1682, pp. 177 and 204: Sarah, d, 
and coh. of John S. and Rebecca Davis, married Henry, s. of 



442 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Henry W. and Sarah, d. and coh. of Thomas Freame.] 
Eastington. Illustration plate. Tomb of Edward S. and 
Joan (Fowler) his wife, three shields of S. outlined. Descrip- 
tion of shields in text : Parti per chev. az. and arg. in chief 

2 falcons rising or." Against wall, S. impahng Fowler, 
quarterly. [Edward S., ob. 1587, married Joan, d. of 
Richard F., of Stonehouse.] The same, 1768, impaling 
Cholmley. Richard, second s. of Nathaniel S., married 
Ann, ob. 1712, d. of Sir Hugh C, Knt. and Bart. The same, 
1675. Robert, aged 53, brother of the last, third s. of 
Nathaniel S. and Catherine Beale, Serjeant-at-Law. Brass 
plate. The same. Memorial to Edward and Joan, 
who both died in 1587, he aged about 64 and she 
63. With crest : Demi eagle (displ. or). The same, 
impaling Saint Loe^ 1591- [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 174: Richard, 
1599, eldest s. of Edward S. and Joan Fowler, married 
Margaret, d. of Edward Saintloe and Margaret . • • ] 
The same, impaling Beale, 1632. Nathaniel, 1660, aged 71, 
s. of the last pair, married first Catherine, d. of Robert B., 
Clerk of the Council. The same, 1732, impaling Cholmley. 
Robert, fourth s. of Richard S., who married Ann C, also 
married Mary, d. of Sir H. Cholmley and rehct of Nathaniel 
Cholmley, Esq., of co. Leicester. [See Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 175.] Presthury. First atchment. 2 and 3 grand quarters 
of De la Bere : Parti per chev. sa. and arg. in chief 

3 birds volant or." [This is an unlikely variation, and is 
most probably an error in the blazon of the painter. The 
whole shield seems to be in confusion, and very likely read 
wrong. It is apparently either i and 4 grand quarters, De la 
Bere and Baghott quarterly with 2 and 3 grand quarters 
De la Bere and Stephens quarterly, or it is De la Bere i and 

4 grand quarters with Baghott and Stephens 2 and 3 grand 
quarters. There was a De la Bere-Baghott marriage and 
De la Bere-Stephens, and there was a Baghott-Stephens 
marriage, but I cannot make out that they were heiresses or 
cohs. ; however, I think this atchment must have been 
intended for the Rev. John Edwards, Vicar of Prestbury 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



443 



(Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 7), who was authorised to assume the 
surname of De la Bere in addition to Baghott, and bear the 
arms of De la Bere quarterly with Baghott, in which case 
apparently S. might be quartered in either or only in one.] 
Lower Siddington. The same as the first, 1735, and the same, 
impaling Bull, 1703. [Rudder, 660 : Joseph (but he does 
not come into the Glos. Vis.), Archdeacon and Prebend of 
Brecon, aged 80, and his parentage is not given ; and the 
second his wife Ann, eldest d. of George B., S.T.P., aged 41.] 
Old Sodbury. Quarterly with Thorpe and Query 55, impaling 
BuRTHOGGE quarterly. Also, in a lozenge shield, the same, 
and in first the crest: A demi falcon displ. or. [Rudder, 679,. 
and Glos. Vis., 1682-, p. 177: Edward S., of Little Sodbury, 
1728, no age given; the second is his wife, then a widow, a 
d. and coh. of Richard B., of Totnes, co. Devon, Esq., 1737, 
aged 70.] Stroud. First shield. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 
3 [Lugg] . The same, 1613. Crest: An eagle's head betw. 
2 wings or. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 174, crest : A demi eagle 
displ. or, and Rudder, 714, who does not give the crest. 
Thomas S., s. of Edward S. and Joan Fowler, married 
Elizabeth, d. and coh. of John Stone, of London.] Rudder 
does not give the second shield, which is apparently 
marshalled with the first, and is S. as the last quarterly 
and impaling ? [Stone] his wife. Barvington Magna. "Per 
chev. az. and erm. (Rudder, 264, arg.) m chief 2 eaglets 
displ. or," 1692, impaling Bray. James S., Esq., married 
Barbara, d. of Reginald Bray and Jane Rainton, aged 68. 
[I am not sure whether he is in the peds. The James S. 
entered in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 152, and in 1682, p. 174, would 
be too young, and he must have belonged to an older 
generation not entered, especially as the former's marriage 
is given to Katherine Browning. The monument com- 
memorates two of his children, John, 1688, and James, 1695, 
aged five years, so they were children of his old age. If he 
occurs he would be more likely to be the James on 
p. 174, quite a different stock, whose wife, Elizabeth 
Dannett, died 1668, and he remarried Barbara Bray. The 



444 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



change of tincture, if correct, may point to the latter 
suggestion.] 

STEAVENS AND Preston -upon- Avon. In window. Impaled 
STEVENS. . , ^ , 1 

with West: "Or on a chev. gu. betw. 3 

demi lions pass. sa. 3 cross croslets arg." 
[These were the Stephens of Wilts, and the demi lions were 
generally "ramp." Rudder, 6o8-g, says James W. was lord 
of the manor at his death in 1772. Burke's Land. Gent.^ i8g8, 
p. 1570: James W., of Alscot, co. Warwick (really co. Glos. 
in Preston), married, in 1738, Sarah, d. of Sir Thomas 
Steavens, of Eltham, Kent.] Third and fourth atchments. 
Escut. of pret. on West. The same, only the lions are 
" ramp." [This is the same marriage, here named Steavens. 
The first evidently for the wife, and the second, with its 
crest, for the husband.] Quarterly i and 4. The same, 
with 2 and 3 the same. Monument said Sir Thomas 
Steavens, Knt., 1759, married Mary, d. of Sir WiUiam 
Steavens, Knt., of Bermondsey, co. Surrey. [It is curious, 
but I cannot light upon any reference to these knights, 
perhaps owing to confusion of spelling.] 
STIFF. Duvsley. " Per chev. embat., in chief, 2 

estoiles in base, 2 spears in saltire." 

[Wrongly punctuated. Really, " Per chev. 
sa. and arg. in chief two estoiles of the second, and in base 
as many tilting, spears in saltire gu." Jacob S., 1769, aged 
56, and Elizabeth his wife, 1760, aged 45.] 
STINCHCOMBE. Hawkeshiivy. Bigland's note. Quarterly i 

and 4 A fess engr. betw. 3 annulets 

braced together . . ." with 2 and 3 "... a 
chev. betw. 3 garbs.," Query, 30. [This is the only reference 
to their arms I can find. The family of de S. is mentioned in 
Glos. Trans. y as they founded a chantry in Hawkesbury 
Church, 1452.] 

STIRLING. Clifton, Bristol. Impaling [Cardross] 

quarterly, 1761 : " Arg. on a bend engr. sa. 
(really az.) 3 round buckles or," Margaret 

C, wife of Archibald S., of Kier, co. Perth. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



445 



STOKES. Wickwar. " Sa. a lion ramp, double qued 

erm.," 1762. [Not in Rudder, 821, or Glos. 
Vis,, 1682.] The same, impaling Hickes, 
1754. [Rudder: Thomas S., gent., married Elianor, second 
d. of John H., the elder, she was aged 75, but he leaves out 
the double queue in his blazon.] " Sa. a lion ramp, (ought to 
be double queued) erm. in dex. canton point a mullet for 
diff.," 1732. Crest: Demi lion erm. [Not in Fairbairn, but 
given in Burke's Armory as Demi lion ramp, double queued 
erm. for the family, co. Devon ; both Rudder and Glos. Vis. 
give this as Thomas, third s. of Samuel S. and Isabel 
Codrington, aged 87, and he married Sarah Andrews.] Also 
" Sa. a lion ramp, arg.," 1773. Crest : Demi lion arg. Im- 
paling quarterly Query, 75, 1791. [Both the arms and crest 
err in their blazon. Rudder does not give this date.] 
[STOKES.] Thornhiry. 2 and 3 quartering of Salmon, 

1793, named in error Mathew : Arg. a lion 
ramp, sa." [No wonder it was named so, 
but I read it that the lion was double queued, therefore it 
was the tinctures that were partially reversed. Not mentioned 
in Vis. or Rudder, but in Burke's Land. Gent., 1898, the 
Salmon pedigree begins with two Thomas Stokes Salmon, of 
Tockington and Olveston.] Yate. Impaling [Codrington] , 
1675: . a lion ramp. . ." [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 179: 
Isabel, second d. of Richard C. and Joyce Burlace, married 
Samuel S., of Stanshaw.] Also " Az. or sa. a lion ram.pt. 
gard. double qeued arg.," 1808. [The gard. is a variation, 
really an error, as Rudder, 855, says Mr. Stokes is the 
present owner, and his arms are " Sa. a lion ramp, his tail 
double, erm.," and that the arms at Wickwar on the monu- 
ments should be the same; those he gave as " Sa. a lion 
ramp, arg.," so the correct blazon has been repainted.] 
STONE.. Upper Slaughter. " Arg. 3 roses (really cinque- 

foils) sa. a chief az.," impahng Query, 53, 
1692. Crest : Out of a ducal coronet or a 
griffin's head erm. betw. 2 wings or." [Not given in Rudder. 
There was an Anne Haynes, 1679, married a . . . S., but 



446 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



the H. arms are quite different to the Query.] The samCf 
with crest, 1701. [This looks as if the shields belonged to 
husband and wife.] 

[STONE.] Bitton. " Parti per pale an eagle dispL," 

1 641, Francis S. and Bridget his wife,. 
1635. Somerset Vis., 1623, p. 105 : 

" Per pale or and gu. an eagle displ. with two necks counter- 
changed " ; but in Bristol Cathedral it is "Per pale az. and 
or a double-headed eagle displ. ? sa. or ppr. which correctly 
should be counterchanged." Curiously in Som. Vis. an 
Edward, not Francis, married a Bridget, but I cannot trace 
the Bridget of this monument.] Stroud. Second shield. 
Marshalled with Stephens, 1613, and impaled with Stephens, 

no date : " Sa. a chev. arg. betw. 3 Herald tygers or," 

[In Glos. Vis., 1682, p., 174, Thomas Stephens, 1613, married 
Elizabeth, d. and coh. of John Stone, of London. This in 
the Armories is given as " Sa. a fess betw. 3 tigers pass, or," 
so it is only a conjecture that this may be a Stone coat.] 
[STOURTON.] Westhtiry-on-Tvim. Third quartering of Hill, 

1627: " Sa. bend or betw. 6 fountains," 

{Som. Vis., Weaver's, p. 32, both John and 
Robert H. married ds. ? cohs. of John S., of Preston 
Plucknett.] * 
STRADLING. Cirencester. Really De Esterling. Fourth 
quartering of D'Anvers : "Paly of 6 arg. 
and az. on a bend gu. 3 fleurs-de-lis or." 
[The S. arms were cinquefoils, not fleurs, and this quartering 
IS so given by Sir J. Maclean m*Glos. Trans, xvii. p. 299, so 
it has been altered since Bigland's time.] 

STRANGE. Stratton. Tliird shield. Impaled with 

Nicholas, 1638 : " Gu. 2 lions pass, in pale 
arg. debruised by a bend erm." [Rudder, 

710 : Thomas N., arm., married as his second wife Bridget, 

d. of Michael S., of Somerford, Esq.] 

? STRANGE. Twining. 2 and 3 quartering of [Ryce] , error 
for [D'Abitot] : " Gu. 2 lions pass, arg." 
[Really, " Or 2 lions pass, guard, in pale 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



447 



the one in chief gu. the other az." Thomas R. married 
Margaret, d. and h. of John D'Abitot.] 
STRATFORD. Deerhurst. Impaled with Mortimer, 1683 : 
" Barry of 10 arg. and az. over all a 
lion ramp, gu.," 1682, Elizabeth, wife of 
Roger M., gent. [_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 124: She was d. of 
John S., of Prestbury.] Guiting Poher. Farmcote Chapel. 
The same, without tinctures, on tomb of Elizabethan date, 
impaling Query, 25. IGlos. Vis., 1623, p. 155, begins the 
ped. with an Elizabethan John S., but his marriage is blank.] 
Hawling. In lozenge shield. The same, 1665. Margaret . . . 
wife of Henry S. [I think this Henry is the third s. of 
George S. and Elizabeth Hobby, who married Margaret 
. . . his marriage being blank in the Vis.'] The same, not 
in lozenge shield, 1671, Henry, eldest s. of Henry S. The 
same, 1692, Richard, aged 22. [There are no dates of ages 
on any of the others, so I supposed the last to be brother of 
the 1671 Henry. Now monuments say Ann, 1671, d. of 
George S. and wife of Henry S. In 1623 Vis. she is given as 
the youngest d. of George S. and Elizabeth Hobby, and 
therefore sister of the Henry who married Margaret . . . 
therefore another Henry has to be found. There is one, the 
fifth s. of John S. and Mary Throgmorton, but he is brother 
of Anne's father, so she would be his niece. It is possible 
that Henry, 1671, eldest s. of Henry S. and ? Margaret . . . 
entered in 1682 Vis. as ob. ccel., might have married his 
cousin, in which case Richard would not be brother but s., 
and he together with his. sister Alice, 1699, were grand- 
children, not entered in the ped., especially as another 
monument says Henry S., lord of the Manor of Hawling, 
1672, aged 30, whose children the last two most probably 
were.] The same, 1702, both escut. of pret. and impaled 
with Howe. Dame Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Henry S. by 
Ehzabeth, d. of William Bannaster of Turkdean. [This last 
marriage is in Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 8, so I suppose there was 
yet another Henry, v/hich is very unlikely ; therefore it seems 
that the last one married twice, when she would be a 



44^ Transactions for the Year 1905. 



sister-in-law to Richard and Alice, and so be a true coh. Sir 
James H., Bart., of Barwick, co. Wilts., married secondly 

Elizabeth, d. and coh. of S., of Hailing, co. Glos., is the 

entry in Burke's Extinct Bavts.^ 270, so the Richard, 1692, whose 
sister Henrietta is stated to be one of his cohs., Rudder, 484, 
were the children of the first marriage, and Elizabeth, and 
possibly Henrietta, of the second.] Matson. The same, untinc- 
tured, 1663, impaled with Robins. [Anne, d. of William S. 
and Anne Moor, married John R., Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 181.] 
[? STRATFORD.] Newent. Impaled with Hooke, ? 1705, and 
2 and 3 quartering of [? Walwyn] : "Barry 
of 8 over all a lion ramp.," ? 1722. [Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 92 : John H. of that date married secondly 
Anne, d. of Robert S., of Walford, co. Hereford. There are 
other dates on monument, but these tally with the Fis. 
Why then is Walwyn i and 4, and not S ? This is not borne 
out by Hereford Vis., where an Edward W. marries Christian, 
d. of John S. And again, Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 175, George 
W., of CO. Oxon., marries Martha, d. of . . . S., of Farm- 
cote ; but Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 156, William S. married Ann, 
d. of Edward W., of Bosbury. She may have been an h., 
though not stated, which would have brought the quartering 
into the Stratfords, but there is no Robert in their descend- 
ants given, so could not be the father of Anne that married 
John H. ; it is really putting the cart before the horse.] 
STRATTON. ' Hardwiche. " (Arg.) on a cross (sa.> 5 
roundlets (bezants)," 1719. John S., gent., 
aged 78, and Mary, 1707, his wife, aged 65 ; 
also Rebekah, 1709, aged 28, wife of Thom.as S. 
[STRATTON.] Rendcomh. The same, 1707, impaled with 
Berkeley, 1690, tinctured. [Rudder, 653, 
gives the field az., which would be false. 
Gles. Vis., 1682, p. 16 : Robert B., of this parish, aged 76, 
married Rebecka, d. of Henry S., co. Wilts.] 
STRINGER. , Bitton. On a lozenge shield, impaling 
Newton: "Per chev. sa. and or 3 eagles 
displ. counterchanged," 1694. [Burke's Ext. 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



449 



Barts., 385 : Elizabeth, d. of Sir John N. and Mary Eyre, 
married Francis S., Esq., of vSutton-upon-Lound, Notts.; a 
duphcate inscription to her in Bigland says Sutton-upon-Lown, 
CO. Northumberland, which is an error. She does not come into 
the Notts. Vis. ped., but her husband would be the last in the 
ped., and according to the blazon given there the two eagles in 
chief should be fleurs-de-lis or, and only one eagle in base sa.] 
[? STRODE.] Newland. First of four shields, impaled with 
what I think is a wrong blazon for ? [Wynd- 
ham] , 1716: " Erm. on a canton (sa.) a 

crescent (arg.)," [John W., Sergeant-at-law, did marry 

Jane, d. of William S.] 

[STRONGBOW.] Cirencester. Sixth quartering of D'Anvers, 
brought in by Stradling the fourth : " Gu. 
3 crosses pattee or in chief a label of 3 points 

(az.)," [Glos. Trans. fXYii. pp. 300 and 304 : Sir Edward 

Stradling married Elinor, d. and h. of Sir Gilbert S., of 

Caldecot, co. Monmouth.] 

STUART. Tewheshury. 2 and 3 quartering of i and 4 

grand quarters of Graham, 1852 : " Or a fess 
chequy az. and arg. a crescent for diff." 
[This crescent I think is an error for a chev. az., the Earl of 
Strathern's coat. Sir Robert G. married Euphemia, d. and 
h. of David Stewart, Earl in 1371-85. When I read the coat 
I could not make out there was any charge, only the fess, but 
it certainly should be as stated.] 

STUMP. Berkeley. "Per chev. arg. and sa. 3 griffins' 

heads erased counterchanged." Crest: 
Griffin's head per fess arg. and sa. Motto : 

" Christo duce nihil desperandum est." John S., Yeoman, 

1704, aged 37. 

STURMY. Hayles. Fourth quartering of Seymour, 

impaled with Henry VIII. at Temple 
Guiting House : " Arg. 3 demi lions ramp. 

and couped gu." [Roger Seymour married Maud, d. and 

coh. of Sir William Esturmy, co. Wilts.] Cheltenham. " 3 

demi lions," 1772, Henry S., aged 51. 



450 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



[STUTVILLE.] MicUeton. Eighth quartering of Fisher, 
brought in with Merley the fifth : " Barry 

of 10 arg. and gu. a lion ramp, sa.," 

[AHce, d. and coh. of Roger S., married Roger de M.] 
? STYVELEY. Ehrington. Fifth quartering of Keyt, 1662, 
impahng Tayler, 1669 : " Gu. a fess betw. 
6 billets arg." [Glover and Armories give 
this as Styvekey, but give no county ; it does not occur in 
Salmon's or Porter's quarterings, nor in their peds. It 
might be an early marriage of K., but I can find no other 
reference than this bald one above.] The same, with Keyt, 
1702. [So it only seems to have come in with the later 
Keyt shields.] 

? SULLIVAN. Stapleton. Impaled with Elton, 1790, error 
for [Tierney] : " Az. a sword erect arg. 
pomelled (downwards) [sic] or betw. 2 lions 
ramp, combatant of the third." [This is only part of the 
coat. Az. a sword erect ppr. (really arg. shaded) pomel 
and hilt or, supported by two lions ramp, respecting each 
other double queued of the last, on a chief erm. three trefoils 
slipped vert." Isaac E. married secondly Miss T.] 
SURMAN. Swindon. " Or a lion ramp. sa. armed and 

langued gu. betw. 3 holly leaves slipped 
ppr.," 1730. \_Glos. N. and Q., i. 46: John S., 
gent.] Tredington. Two atchments. First, the same, only 
the leaves are blazoned olive, not holly ; the latter is correct. 
Crest : Lion's head erased sa. Impaling Packer. [Burke's 
Land. Gent., 1853, addenda: John S., the first, 1730, married 
Elizabeth, d. of Lodowick P., of Cheltenham.] Second. The 
same, impaling what Papworth says is [Robartes or 
Roberts] : " Az. 3 estoiles or and a chief wavy of the last," 

[with a hatchment there is no date, and this marriage 

is not in the ped.] , and crest as before. The same, 1742, 
impaling Packer, 1728. [Rudder, 777. Monument says 
Wilham S., aged 75, and Ann P., aged 56, sole d. and h. 
of William P., of Cricklade, Esq. [So this ought to have 
been an escut. of pret. Rudder adds, William S. was 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



451 



owner of the Tredington estate, and was succeeded in 1742 
by his son, WiUiam Packer S., so each line married into the 
Packers.] 

? SUTTON. Shipton Moyne. Error for Berkeley. Escut. 

of pret. on Estcot^rt. First impaling of 
Yate and Box, dimidiated. Really second 

quartering of Yate : " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 crosses pattee or 

(really arg.)." 

[SUTTON.] Escut. of pret. on Estcourt. "A canton 

or," , 1829. [Really, " Arg. may be 

erm. a canton sa." Monument says Eleanor, 
d. and coh. of James S., of New Park, near Devizes, therefore 
I think this is an error, as the Wilts Suttons bore " Gu. a 
chev. betw. 3 roses or." Thomas Grimston Bucknall E. 
married the Eleanor above.] 

SWAN. MicUeton. In window. Impaled with Graves. 

No blazon in text. Also " (Az.) a chev. erm. 

betw. 3 swans (arg.)," 1676. Capt. Richard 
S., s. and h. of Capt. Richard S. and Damaris, d. and coh. of 
Capt. Andrew Shilling. Fourth quartering of Graves, 1616, 
and fourth shield on the dexter side of the monument : " Az. 
a chev. erm. betw. 3 swans ppr. [i.e. arg'.)." [On monument 
and Rudder, 547, Swann. The first Capt. Richard above 
married Dorothy Danvers, 1688, aged 74, and their d. and 
coh. Susan married Samuel G., 1708, aged 59, and she, 1719, 
aged 68.] Also the same, third quartering of Graves, 
1729. 

[SWANLEY.] Saul. No arms in Bigland, but Rudder says, 
645, there is on tomb of Thomas S., 1653, 
and others "... a fess undy (Middlesex 

Vis.^ erm.) betw. 3 unicorns' heads erased . . ." [I cannot 

find this in Armories.'] 

SYMES. Frampton Cottevel. " Az. 3 escallops in pale 

or," 1682, Harry S., aged 73, and his wife 
Ann, 1686, no age, d. of Sir John Seymour, 

Knt., and Ann Poulett. The same, 1661, impaling Horner. 

\Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 183, begins the ped. here called Syms. 

31 

Vol. XXV^III. 



452 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



John S., of Poundesford, co. Somerset, aged about 80, 
married Ann (error for Amy on monument), d. of Thomas H., 
of Cloved (Cloford), co. Somerset, and sister of Sir John H., 
of Mells. No date of death or her age given.] Impaled with 
Biss, 1696. The same, 1704. Jane, d. of Henry S., and 
wife of Edward B., Esq. [It is not often that two different 
famihes intermarry bearing arms only differing in tinctures.] 
Winterhoum. The same, 1669, impaling Bridges, 1662. 
[Rudder, 836, gives the monument but not the arms. Glos. 
Vis,, 1682, p. 183 : Thomas, s. of John and Amy Horner, 
married Amie, d. of Edward and sister of Sir Thomas B.] 
[SYMES.] Westbury -on-Trim. In pale, i : "Az. 3 escallops 

or," ? 1838. [Most probably S., as there 

is a monument to them close by, but this one 
says Hillhouse, ? 1820.]- 2 : Impaling [? Bowles] . [Not in 
Glos. Vis. ped., but the S. monument says he married 
a B.] 

SYMONDS. Hawheshitry. Arg. a bend engr. az. betw. 2 

fireballs ppr.," 1719, Mathew S., aged 65, 
and his wife Elizabeth, 1719, aged 63. 

TALBOT. Ehrington. Impaled with Keyte, error for 

T. impaling K. : " Gu. a lion ramp, within 
bord. engr. or." [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 102 : 
Elizabeth, 1656, aged 21, d. of Sir John K., Bart., and 
Margaret Taylor, married Sir John Talbot, of Lacock, 
Wilts.] A large shield containing T. and twenty-four 
quarterings, no names and no blazon. [Worcester Vis., 1569, 
gives three shields: first, with sixteen; second, with thirty- 
six ; and then T. of Lacock with twenty quarterings. But 
here there are four more, so without the blazons it is im- 
possible to give them correctly ; however, if I give the names 
of the twenty, it may lead to their being properly tricked. 
I : Rees, Prince of S. Wales. This is the coat above which 
now is recognised as Talbot. 2 : " Az. a lion ramp, within 
bord. or Bellismo, Earl of Shrewsbury. 3 : Another Talbott. 
" Bendy of 10, arg. and gu." 4: Comyn. 5: Valence. 6: 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



453 



Montchensey. 7: Marshall. 8: Strange. 9: GifFord. 10: 
Clifford. 11: Owghtred. 12: Nevell. 13: "Or a lion 
ramp. gu. . . ." (? Charlton). 14: Furnivall. 15: " Or a 
fret gu.," Verdon. 16: Lovetofte. 17: Sherington. 18: 
" Az. a bend arg. . . ." 19: " .'. a fess dancette gu. in 
chief 3 lozenges of the last . . ." 20 : " Per pale indented 
or and az. 6 martlets counterchanged . . . (Papworth says 
Fransham), and over all a crescent for diff." Possibly Beau- 
champ, Chedder and Paston, and Sherington should bring in 
Kekwich, may be the additional four. As regards 20, Thomas 
Sherington did marry Anne, d. and h. of . . . Francham, of 
Norfolk. Guiting Temple. Gu. a lion ramp, within bord. 
engr. or a mullet for dift.," 1785, impaling Bouverie. The 
Hon. and Rev. George T., D.D., youngest s. of Charles, Lord 
T., High Chancellor, married Anne, eld. d. of Jacob B., 
Viscount Folkestone. Oddington. Fourth atchment, impal- 
ing [Decker] . The same, only a crescent for diff. Crest : 
On a chapeau gu. turned-up erm. a lion statant guard, or. 
[The Hon. John, second s. of Lord Chancellor T., married, 
1757, Henrietta Maria, d. of Sir Mathew D., Bart.] 
? TALBOT. Stapleton, The same, without a difference ; 

but this is really [Tewther], as it is the 
second quartering of Smyth, of Ashton 
Court. Matthew S. married Jane, d. and coh. of Thomas 
Tewther, or Tudor. [This shows the common origin of 
both families from the first in the Worcester Vis.'\ 
TAME. Cirencester. On capitals of pillars, S. side. 

" Lion and griffin combatant." [How often 
griffins and dragons are confounded, and 
it may well be that it was so in this case, and that Bigland 
was right ; but Sir J. Maclean, Glos. Trans., xvii. 279, gives 
the true blazon, though it would scarcely, I think, have 
been tinctured. " Arg. a dragon vert and a lion az. crowned 
gu. combatant, differenced with a crescent," Sir Edmund 
T., second s. of John T., of Fairford, and steward of the 
Abbey. The easiest way of proving which monster it is, is 
to see whether the hind feet have talons or paws, and 



454 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



whether the tail is barbed, or a lion's one.] Fairford. Illus- 
tration and text. Shields on tomb. The outline of these is 
very uncertain, but generally I should say the lion is in the 
dexter and the griffin, as Bigland calls it, in the sinister; and 
as he gives it in Cirencester, they should be reversed. Also 
on parapet of tower, a shield, but no blazon. Shields on 
corners of monument, i : Tame as corrected. 3 and 4 : 
The same, impaling Twyniho. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 260: 
John T., 1500, married AHce, 1471, d. of . . . Twiniho.] 
Illustration and text. Brass. Sir Edmond T. and his two 
wives, and on slab affixed to wall Edmondus Dame {sic, but 
text error) Miles, 1533. His surcoat is covered with his 
arms, which seem to be dragon and lion, impaling on his first 
wife's mantle Grevill, and on his second wife's Tyringham. 
• [In Glos. Vis. his first marriage is only given.] 
TANKERVILLE. Stow. First atchment gone. 2 and 3 
quartering of i and 4. Grand quarters 
of Chamberlayne : " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 
escallops or." [This I think is wrongly named, and is really 
Chamberlayne, whilst the i and 4 named Chamberlayne is 
Tankerville.] Second atchment. The same. ? Chamberlayne 
quarterly with ? T., 1714. [Rudder, 706, John C, and 705 
names the quarterings as Bigland does. He was the eldest 
s. of Edmund C. and Emma, d. of James, Lord Chandos.] 
The same, 1667, really 1668, impahng Leigh. [John C, of 
Mangersbury, married Elizabeth, d. of Sir William L.] The 
same as first atchment, 1786. Rev. John C, Rector of 
Little Ilford, Essex, married Martha, d. and coh. of Henry 
Doughty, of Broadwell.] Swell Upper. The same quartering 
of Chamberlayne, 1668. [Rudder, 724: John, second s. of 
Thomas C, of Oddington, Bachelor of Medicine, born 1601, 
erected by his sister, Mary Oldisworth. His father, at 
Oddington, p. 584, bore the true T. coat without the 2 and 3 
quartering ; and as his father married Margaret, d. and h. of 
Edward Baghott, of Prestbury, his coat ought to have been 
the I and 4 grand quarters T. and Chamberlayne, and the 
2 and 3 Baghott.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



455 



[PTASWELL.] Wotton Undevedge. "Per pale erm. and gu. 

on a fess gu. a lizard," [This is 

partially false. Monument says Taswell, 

1775, but the only T. I can find is " Vairy purpure and erm. 

on a chief gu. a lion pass, or," scarcely a wrong reading for 

that.] 

TATSHALL. Eastington. Third quartering of Knevet : 
" Chequy or and gu. a chief erm." [York 
Vis., p. 176: Emma, eldest d. of Robert T., 
married Osbert Caylye, Knt., and Emma, d. and h. of 
Thomas C, married Roger Clifton, Knt., the fourth 
quartering.] Also second corner shield, on a lozenge, the 
same. 

TATTERSALL, Wotton Underedge. " Sa. a chev. betw. 3 
heraldic tygers (pass, reguard.) looking at 
their faces in a mirror or." The same, ijgi^ 
[Burke's Landed Gent., p. 1354, of 1853 : Rev. James, second s. 
of Rev. James T. and Dorothy de Chair, Rector of Tewkes- 
bury, died unmarried.] Crest : A Herald Tyger (pass, per 
pale arg. and gu.). 

[TAYER.] Thornhury. Impaled with [Tyler] : " Gu. 

a cross vair," [Monument says Taylor, 

but I read it Tayer, and this seems borne 
out by Rudder, 759. Hester, d. of John T., of this parish 
and relict of William Raymond, but he does not give this 
monument. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 198 : Edward T., of Oldbury, 
was disclaimed.] 

TAYLER. Tewkeshury. Impaling [Eaton], 1726: " Az. 

a fess erm. betw. 3 wolves' heads erased 
or." [Dyde, 67: George T., 1735, aged 67, 
married Mary, aged 62, d. of the Rev. Robert E., sen.] 
TAYLOE. Bisley. " (Vert) a sword in pale (erect 

or) betw. 2 lions ramp, addorsed (erm.)," 
William T., 1749, aged 64, High Sheriff,, 
1742, and William, his only s. and h., 1773, aged 27, erected 
by Hester, the first William's wife. The same, Thomas T., 
1720, aged circa 58. The same, William T., 1779, aged 70. 



456 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



? TAYLOR. Campden. " Talbot pass, in chief 2 annulets." 

[? " Sa. a lion pass arg. in chief (generally 
one) annulet or."] Charles T., citizen and 

skinner of London, 1718-ig, aged circa 59, erected by Anne 

his wife. 

Taylor. Ebrington. Impaled with Keyt quarterly, 

1662: " Erm. on a chief indented gu. 3 
esc^.liops or," 1669. Sir John K., Bart., 
married Margaret, d. and h. of William T., of Brickworth, 
CO. Northampton. [So this should have been on escut. of 
pret.] The same, quartered with Keyt, 1702, and impaling 
Coventry. Thomas K., 1702, aged 34, erected by the will 
of Francis Keyt. His father's arms. [Burke's Extinct Barts., 
p. 289, only gives Sir William's heir, not his other sons. But 
Kimber, ii. 128: i and 2 died young; 3 was William, born 
1668, died 1702, whose s. William succeeded his grandfather; 
and 4, Thomas of the monument. Who then is the Francis 
K. who erected it ? " Qui rem familiarem dilectissimo 
fratvino Francisco Keyt tabellis testamentariis legavit." This 
must be Francis, brother of Sir William, who died in 1698. 
Thomas's uncle.] Fourth quartering of Keyt, 1702, with 
escut. of pret., Coventry. Sir William, Bart. [Lady 
Elizabeth C. is now marshalled as an h., before she was 
only a Femme.] Painswick, Impaled with Wick, 1768: 
''Sa. a lion pass, arg.,'' 1767. \_Glos. N. and Q., i. 188: 
Edmund W. married Elizabeth T.] The same, 1758, im- 
paled with Adams, 1740. [Glos, N. and Q., i. 180: Nathaniel 
A. married Mary T.] Todenham. Impaled with Mander : 
^' Sa. a lion pass, in canton point an annulet . . . (or)." 
[The histories do not give the Mander family. Papworth 
gives the arms and names them Mandere.] Todington. 
Third quartering of Keyt, the same as Ebrington, only the 
chief is " dancette." 

[? TAYLOR.] Brimpsjield. "Two lions pass, per pale." 

[Query the blazon. Are the lions in pale, or 
are they per pale tinctured ? Monument 

says Humphry T., of Caudle Green, in this parish, 1745, 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



457 



aged circa 85, and Mary his wife, 1752, aged 70.] Tewkesbury. 
Escut of pret. on Wall: Erm. on a chief sa. 3 escallops 

or," [This might be T., but I cannot find the marriage. 

The only Wall heiress marriages are Ellis and Binns.] 
Todenham. "... 3 spears in fess. . . ." [Monument says 
Taylor, 1767, and Mrs., 1784. Possibly it is her maiden coat.] 
[PTEAST.J Henbury. "3 swords in pale points in chief 

hilted." [This should mean one below the 
other. But Rudder, 497, says in a note, 
John Sampson, 1732, of Charlton, has this shield: " Gu. 3 
swords in fess hilted or," and Bigland adds impaling 
quarterly [Sampson]. [Inscriptions say John S. as above, 
aged 55. Then comes James Teast, of the City of Bristol, 
stationer, 1767, aged 39, and the last one is Sidenham Teast, 
of the City of Bristol, gent., 1773, aged 72 ; whilst between 
these two Teasts is Mary, wife of the abovesaid John 
Sampson; she died 1769, aged 86. So J. S. was born 1677, 
and Mary 1683. Now the arms say . . . Teast married a 
Sampson ; if so, it must be one of the two Teasts. But as 
Rudder gives only the ? Teast coat on J. S.'s monument, I 
think the arms are marshalled wrong, and that it should be 
Sampson impahng Teast. But I cannot find either marriage 
in peds. or arms in Armories.] 

? TEMPEST. Rendcomb. On 2 and 3 shields. 2 and 3 
quartering of Jermye : " Arg. a bend betw. 6 
martlets sa." [Error in blazon for " Gu. 

a bend betw. 6 martlets or," [Mounteney] . Norfolk Vis., 

p. 173 : John J., of Metfield, co. Suffolk, temp. Hen. VI., 

married Margery, d. of Arnold de M.] 

TENNENT. Clifton, Bristol. " Arg. 2 crescents in base sa. 

in chief a boar's head couped purpure within 
bord. sa.," 1763. [The boar's head purpure 

is a variation, the Scotch Ordinary gives it sa.] Lt.-Col. 

Alexander T., of Handerwood, Edinburghshire. 

[? THEOBALD.] Moreton Henmarsh. On an atchievement. 

Quarterly with Loder. i and 4 quartering : 
"... 3 owls . . ." 1744. [Probably " Sa. 



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a fess crenelly betw. 3 owls arg."] Monument says Mary^ 
only d. of Mary L., relict of Thomas T., of Barking, co. 
Suffolk, aged 66. The Mary L., who lyeth under her own 
pew, 1735, aged 86, was I suppose the mother of Beeke L., 
gent., 1728, aged 55. 

? THOMAS. Duvsley. Atchievement without inscription. 

Impaled with Wallington : Per pale 3. 

doves." [Query part of a coat : " Per pale 
arg. and sa. a chev. betw. 3 Cornish choughs counter- 
changed," which is Thomas, co. Kent. In none of the Land. 
Gent. peds. of W. does this marriage appear. The other 
monument in the church is to Rev. Charles W., curate, 1765, 
aged 66, and Mary Purnell his wife, 1738, aged 38. So it is 
very possible he married again, and this ? Hatchment is the 
sole record. This is borne out by the crest, which ought of 
course to be Wallington, unless the shield is wrongly 
marshalled, but is not, as it is Thomas of the arms. Dove 
(really Cornish chough rising ppr.), wings displayed betw. 2 
spears erect, (or).] Tovtworth. " Arg. a saltire engr. sa. on a 
chief of the first (then it would be "in chief,") 3 cinquefoils 
gu.," 1799. Crest : A lamb statant or. [Unfortunately I 
have not the monument to refer to, and even then it might 
have been misplaced. One would say it was a wrong blazon 
for Hardwicke, of Chipping Sodbury, who did bear for his 
crest a stag statant gu. armed and collared or, and who bore 
" Arg. a saltire engr. az. on a chief of the second, 3 cinquefoils 
of the first," for his coat.] 

[THOMAS.] Uley. ''Arg. a fess dancette sa. betw. 3 

Cornish choughs ppr.," , 1746. [I have 

not the monument to refer to.] 

THORNE. Winchcomhe. Impaling Loringe, 1743 : "Arg. 

a fess gu, betw. 3 lions ramp, sa.," 1747. 
[Rudder, 829, gives some Thornes, but the 

latest is the Rev. Henry, 1718.] 

[THORNHILL.] Michleton. Impaled with Fisher, and second 
shield on top of monument, 1604: "2 bars 
gemelles arg. a bend sa. on a chief of the 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



459- 



first a castle triple towered az." [This would be false if 
the field was given. It is really, *' Gu. 2 bars gemelles arg. 
a bend of the last, on a chief of the second a tower az."] 
Edward F., arm., ? 1627, married Avice, d. of dignissimus 
Richard T., of Bromley, co. Kent. ' [I cannot find ped. of 
this family. Philipott gives a bald one. It is curious it 
is not in Kent Vis^l 

THORNTON. Beckford. Impaling LuNN, 1706: " (Arg.) 

a chev. (sa.) betw. 3 thorn leaves (vert)." 

Robert T., A.M., of Staunton, co. Wor- 
cester, married Elizabeth, d. of Lebbeus L. 
? THORPE. Cirencester. Error for [Turberville] . Tenth 

quartering of D'Anvers : " Chequy or and 

gu. a fess. erm." \_Glos. Trans., xvii. 308 : 
Sir J. Maclean states so in the note.] 

THORPE. Sodhuvy Old. Second quartering of Stephens, 

1728: " Az. a fess arg. betw. 3 lions pass, 
or." [I cannot find any T. heiress marriage 

with a S.] The same on lozenge shield. 

[THORPE.] Wotton Underedge. Impaling Oldisworth : 
"... a fess nebulle betw. 3 cinquefoils 
gu.," [Really, "Arg. a fess nebuly 

betw. 3 trefoils slipped gu." W. T. married Bridget O.] 

THROG- Stoke Giifard. Impaled with Berkeley : 

MORTON OR ^ 1 , 11 „ 

THROK- " Gu. on a chev. arg. 3 bars gemelles sa. 

MORTON. [Rudder, 699, and Glos. Vis., 1623, pp. 8, 9 : 

Henry B., 1607, aged 48, married My(e)r(r)iell, d. of Thomas 

T., of Coughton. Monument says he was the s. of Sir 

Richard B., but Glos. Vis. says Sir Robert B. (I think error, 

as the Jermye monument says Ry. B.) and Elizabeth Reade.] 

Tovtwovth. Quarterly of twelve, first quarter. The same, 

1607. Sir Thomas T., s. of Sir Thomas T. and Margaret 

Whittington. Two shields, i : The same, impahng Rogers, 

first wife. 2 : Impaling Berkeley, second wife. Sir Thomas 

T., the son, as last. The same, quarterly, first quarter, 

1568. [Most probably the father of the last, but Rudder 

does not give the monument.] 



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[THROK- Todtup^ton. Second shield in blazoned ped. 

MORTON.] . ^ 

impaled with Tracy : " Gu. a chev. of 5 

barry fess in arg. and sa." ! ! [Glos. Vis., 
1623, p. 123 : Anne, d. of Sir Thomas T. and Margaret 
Whittington, married Sir John Tracy of Todington.] 
THURSTON. Thovnhuvy. " Sa. 3 buglehorns stringed or 

garnished az.," 1722-3. Crest: A stork arg. 

legs az. 

THYNNE AND Buckland. Atchievement. Quarterly of eis:ht. 
BOTTEVILLE, , o -r. 11 ^ 

ALIAS THYNNE. I and 8, Botteville, which see, alias T. 

Second quarter: "Arg. a lion ramp, (really 

tail nowed) gu." Quarterly of the two last. James, 1708-9, 

aged 66, s. of Sir Henry Frederick T., Bart., and Mary, d. 

of the Lord Keeper Coventry, bequeathed his lands to his 

nephew, Thomas T. Kempsfovd. Impaling Coventry. The 

alias T. : " Barry of ten (untinctured) on a canton the 

arms of Ulster (Bart's, inescutcheon)," 1680, Sir Henry 

Fredericke T., Knt. and Bart., 1680, aged 66 years and 

5 days. 

[TIERNEY.] Stapleton. Named (?) Sullivan in error. 

Impaled with Elton, 1790: " Az. a sword 
erect arg. pomelled (downwards) [sic'] or betw. 
2 lions ramp, combat, of the third." [This is only part of 
the coat. Really, " Az. a sword erect ppr. '{i.e. arg. shaded) 
pomel and hilt or supported by 2 lions ramp, respecting one 
another double queued of the last, on a chief erm. 3 trefoils 
slipped vert." Isaac E. married secondly Miss T., sister of 
the Rt. Hon. George Tierney, but Burke s Peerage does not 
give the date of Isaac's death.] 

TILL ADAM. Westhiivy-on-Trim. Kz. a bend or betw. 3 

spears heads arg.," [Not in Armories. 

Monument says Thomas T — A., 1731.] 

TIPPETTS. Diirsley. " (Arg.) on a chev. betw. 3 dolphins 

embowered (az.) 3 crosses formee (also 
croslet, of the field)," 1725, William, aged 

51, and Hannah his wife, 1757, aged 51 also. [He would be 

32 years older than she ; ? her date 1737.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



[TOMES.] Weston-iipon-Avon. " Sa. 3 tombs arg. on 

each a cross of passion croslet Calvary sa.," 

, 1864. \_Misc. Gen. et Her,, New Series, 

iii. 276-7: John, s. of John T. and Ann Fisher. He married 
Sarah Baylies, and was of the Sands, Weston-on-Avon. 
There is a similar shield at Marston sicca.] 
?TOMKlNS. Bichiov English. Impahng Query, 8 : " Gu. 

a fess vair betw. 3 pelicans' heads erased 
or," 1778. [This is certainly the Machen, 
not T., coat. Monument says Edward Tomkins Machen, of 
Eastbatch Court, and was erected by his relict Hannah. The 
only E. T. M. in Burke's Land. Gent., married a Dighton and 
lived later.] 

[TOPP.] Tonnarton. " Arg. on a canton gu. a dex. 

^ hand (gauntlet) clenched and erected az.," 
Crest : A gauntlet grasping a hand 

couped at the wrist all ppr. Motto: " Fortior est qui se." 

[Rudder, 775 : Edward, s. of Lingen T., of Witton, co. 

Salop, 1699, aged 50. He gives the crest on a wreath : A 

dexter hand holding a sinister arm couped below the elbow gu.] 

[?TORRELL.] MicUeton. Third quartering of [Harvey] 
impaled with Fisher : Or a fess betw. 3 
bulls' heads ..." [T. is " Gu. a fess 

betw. 3 bulls' heads couped or."] 

TORRINGTON. Wotton Undevedge. Fourth quartering of 
Veel : " Gu. an annulet (for difference) 
betw. 2 bars and in chief a lion pass, or." 
[Wrongly given in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 172, as Vyell ; but 
fifth quartering, where it ought to be Vyell, is given as T. I 
cannot trace this Vyell-T. marriage, so I think it must have 
come through another family. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 173 : 
William Veel, of Tortworth, married Susanna, d. and coh. of 
Vyell.] 

[TORRINGTON.] Almondshufy. Ninth quartering of Veel, 
1577, whilst the eighth is [Vyell] : "Two 

bars and in chief a lion pass.," • [The 

same as last.] 



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TOWNSEND. Painswick. " Az. a chev. erm. betw. 3 escal- 
lops arg." [Rudder, 596, says the same ; 
but Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 184, says T., of Stow- 
on-the-Wold : " Or a chev. erm. betw. 3 escallops sa." The 
first is the usual one.] Crest : A stag pass. [Glos. Vis. 
trippant) or. [Most probably Henry T., 1714, but there 
were several on the monuments.] The same, impaled with 
Lawrence, 1729. [Rudder, 596: Anne, d. of Henry T., of 
this parish, and second wife of Littleton L., Esq.] 
[TOWNSEND.] Tewkeshiry. In a lozenge shield. The same 
as Painswick, 1685. [And yet Glos. Vis.,. 
1682, p. 185, which gives the variation, states 
that Elizabeth, aged 33, d. of Anthony T. and Elizabeth 
Man, was buried at Tewkesbury.] 



2 bendlets az. betw. them in dex. chief an escallop gu." No- 
doubt faded sa. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 166: Elizabeth, second 
d. of Sir Paul T. and Ann Shakerley, married Gyles C, of 
Swell.] Didhrooke. Impaling Dowdeswell : "Or betw. 
2 bendlets gu. an escallop in the dex. chief point sa.," 1735. 
[Burke's Irish Extinct Peerage : Robert, aged 80, s. of second 
Viscount T. and Dorothy Cocks, married Ann, d. of William 

D. , of Pull Court. He was a judge in the Westminster 
Courts.] Fairford. Impaling Lyttleton, 1632 : " Topaz 
(or) an escallop diamond (sa.) betw. 2 bendlets ruby (gu.)." 
Same reference as last, and Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 167, as it 
is the first marriage of Robert, second Viscount T., with 
Bridget, d. of John L., of Frankley Court, co. Wore] . 
Forthampton. The same as first, impaled with Dowdeswell,., 
1713. [Lodge's Irish Peerage, v. 11 : Anne, eldest d. of Robert 
T., the judge, and Ann D., married first Charles D., of 
Forthampton Court, and secondly Thomas Wylde, Esq.] 
Stanton, in Kiftsgate Hundred. Ancient glass in chancel 

E. window. " Or an escallop in the dex. canton sa. betw. 
2 bends gu." Stanway. Three out of four atchments. i : 



TRACY OR 
TRACEY. 



Aston Blank. Impaled with Carter, 1664: 
" Or an escallop shell m chief sa. betw. 2 
bendlets gu.," 1664. [Rudder, 239 : " Or 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



463 



The same as last, but with a "Baronet's hand . . . (gu.)," 
Sir . . . T., Bart. [Most probably the last Bart., Sir John, 
who died s.p. 1677, but it may be his brother Richard, 1666.] 
Crest : On a chapeau gu. turned-up erm. an escallop shell 
(really sa.) betw. 2 wings erect or." 2: Impaling Atkyns. 
The same. [John, s. of Ferdinando T. and Ann Keck, 
married Anne, d. of Sir Robert A.] 3 : ImpaHng Hudson. 
[Robert T., 1767, the s. of the last pair, married Anna 
Maria, eldest d. of Sir Roger H., Knt. Rudder, 691.] Two 
atchments, without blazon given, belong to the T. family, 
i: Lady Hereford. [G. E. C, iv. 218: Hon. Henrietta 
Charlotte T., d. and coh. of Anthony Keck, formerly T., 
married Edward, twelfth Viscount H.] 2 : Lady Elcho. 
[G. £. C, viii. 87: Francis Charteris, known after 1787 as 
Lord E., married Susan, second d. and coh. of the last 
Anthony K.] Tewkesbury. In lozenge shield. "Or betw. 2 bends 

ruby (gu.) an escallop in chief point sa.," , 1639. [Glos. Vis., 

1623, p. 166, and Dyde, p. 69: Ann, eldest d. of Sir Paul T., 
Knt. and Bart., married first Edward Hall,^Esq., and secondly 
William Ingram, Esq.] Impaled with [Freeman] : " Betw. 

2 bends an escallop," , 1670. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 66: 

Kemmet F. married Priscilla, d. of Major Henry T.] 
Todington. Eight atchments. i : Quarterly i and 4 with 
2 and 3 ? [Baldington] . The same as first, 1756, impaling 
Keyt, quarterly. [Rudder, 772 : Thomas Charles, fifth 
Viscount T., 1756, married Elizabeth, 1719, eldest d. of 
William K. and Agnes Clopton.] Crest, as in Stanway, 
with escallop sa. Supporters : Two falcons ppr. beaked and 
belled or. Motto : " Memoria pii aeterna." 2 : Quarterly, 
the same as last, impaling Packington, 175 i, with sup- 
porters. [The last Thomas Charles, fifth Viscount T., 1756, 
married secondly Frances, d. of Sir John P., Bart.] 3 : 
Quarterly, as last, impaling Devereux. Supporters : Dexter 
a falcon as before, sinister a unicorn arg. armed, hoofed, and 
chained or. [This last is an error for a reindeer gu. attired, 
gorged with a ducal coronet and chained or. G. E. C, vii. 
420 : .WiUiam, fourth Viscount T., married first Frances, 



464 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



1687, d. of Leicester, sixth Viscount Hereford.] 4 : The 
same as i, but not impaHng any coat. 5: The same as 
I, with coronet, impaling dimidiated coats. First wife 
Devereux, second wife Leigh. [This is the same as 3, 
only William, fourth Viscount, married secondly Jane, 1707, 
third d. of his maternal uncle, Sir Thomas L.] 6 : Leigh, 
error for T., impaling Bathurst [as it was Thomas Charles, 
sixth Viscount T., that married Harriet B.] , with supporters, 
motto and coronet as 5, but with Leigh crest : Unicorn's 
head erased arg., armed and chained (? crined) or. 7: 
? Smith, impaling T. Supporters : 2 eagles (really falcons) 
ppr. with crest of T. and coronet. [This last is an error 
in the blazon, and there should be no supporters unless her 
arms were on a separate shield, as a lady cannot confer 
them on her husband. Anne, d. of Thomas Charles, fifth 
Viscount T., and Frances Packington, married John S.^. 
Esq., of Combehay, Somerset. Rudder, 772.] Quarterly 
I and 4 with 2 and 3 Query, 66, 1756. [This is the 
date of the fifth Viscount, so most probably the Query 
is another error for Baldington.] Arms and crest of T., 
1591. [Rudder, 771-2 : Sir John, eldest s. of Henry T. 
and Elizabeth Bridges, was knighted by Queen Elizabeth 
in 1574. He married Ann, d. of Sir Thomas Throk- 
morton.] T., 1676, impaHng Leigh. [Rudder, 773 : 
Charles, third s. of John, third Viscount T., and Elizabeth 
L.] Leigh, really mistake for Tracy, impaling Bathurst. 
[This is the same as before, but on this monument the sixth 
Viscount is named Thomas Charles Leigh, 1792, Lord 
Viscount T., hence the error ; but this has Leigh crest 
and Viscount's coronet.] Blazoned pedigree, i : T. with 
escallop gu. impaling Chandos (Bridges). 2 : T. impaling 
? Throckmorton. 3 : T. impaling ? Shirley. 4 : T. im- 
paling Lyttleton. 5 : T. impaling Leigh. 6 : Quarterly 

I and 4, T., with 2 and 3, [Hanbury], and with escut. of 

pret., T. 7 to 14: T. impaling Queries, 66. WJiittington. 
Quarterly i and 4. The same as first (but Rudder, 817, 
gives the 2 bendlets as a bend voided). 2 is Query, 74. 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



465 



3 : Keck, with escut. of pret., Dodwell quarterly ; [Thomas, 
1770, aged 53, youngest s. of John T. and Anne Atkyns ; 
he married Mary, only d. and h. of Sir William D., Knt.] ; 
and the same; [their only s., Dodwell T., who died 1768, 
aged 21]. *' 

TRAPP. Cherington. "Three cheval traps." " Arg. 

, 3 caltraps sa.," 1698, Rev. Joseph T., 
aged 61. 

[PTRAYHERN.] Oldhuvy - on - Severn. " Sa. a chev. or." 

[Monument says T., 1725, Traherne is 
Arg. a chev. az. betw. 3 herons ppr., 
and on a canton az. 3 bars or."] 

TREVILE. Sod'huvy Old. 2 and 3 quartering of 

BuRTHOGGE impaled with Stephens, 1728, 
quarterly : "Arg. a cross gu. engr." [Lyson's 
Covmvall bore " Or a cross engr. sa. in first quarter a mullet 
gu.," but this is not the usual one.] On lozenge shield, 
quartered with Burthogge, 1737, and impaled with 
Stephens. The same. 

? TRIPPET. Awre. " Greyhound trippant," 1695, Richard, 
aged 9, and John T., of the Field House, 
gent., 1735, aged 57. [Armovies do not give 

such a coat, but give " Vert a lamb pass, with 3 heads guard. 

and reguard. arg." This is like the crest of Nash. In 

1623 Vis.^ p. 197, Charles and Richard T., both of Awre, are 

disclaimed.] 

[? TRISTRAM,] Tewkeshuvy. Error for [Bares] : "... a 

bend 3 dolphins," [I read it as " On a 

bend," and monument says Mrs. Martha T., 

so I suppose it was her maiden name's coat.] 

TROTMAN. Cam. " Arg. a cross betw. 4 roses gu." 

\_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 186 : Edward, 1638, aged 
72, s. of Nicholas T. and Cecill Carter, 

married Margaret, 1663, d. of Robert Taylor.] Siston. Two 

atchievements. i : The same, impaling ? [Haynes] . [Glos. 

Vis., 1682, p. 188 : Thomas T., born 1686, married Elizabeth, 

d. of Richard H., of Alston and Wick.] 2 : The same, with 



466 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



crest, a garb erect or banded arg. and az. betw. 2 ostridge 
feathers of the second, quilled of the first. [There are now 
in the church : Deane with quarterings, impalings and crest, 
into which family the last Fiennes T., 1835, married as his 
second wife, and T. quartering Filmer and impaling Litch- 
field, his first wife.] Winchcomhe. The same, but the roses 
are seeded or barbed vert [which is not so at Siston, though 
they are stated in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 168, to be barbed vert.] 
Crest : A garb erect or banded or (false) compony arg. and 
az. betw. 2 ostridge feathers arg., 1793. [I read this as 
Scanderbeg T., and can only conclude that that was an 
epithet applied to Samuel, brother of Fiennes T., M.P,, who 
owing to his squandering the estates at play was disinherited. 
He died about 1804. Dates do not tally. See Glos. N. and Q., 
ii. 342.] The same, impaling Mason, 1787. [I cannot find 
this marriage in the peds.] 

TRYE. Bitton. Oldland Chapel. Arms without 

inscription: "Or a bend az.," impaling 
? [RoYNON.] Crest : Buck's head caboshed 
gu. [Monument in Bitton says Thomas, 1728, g.s. of 
Richard Jones, and Rudder says Roynon Jones was lord of 
the Manor of Nass.] Charlton Kings. The same, 1728. 
[Brandon T., youngest s. of William T., of Hardwick, and 
Mary Horne. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 189.] Cheltenham. The 
same, impaling Longford. [This shield is wrongly mar- 
shalled, for it was John L. who married Elizabeth, d. of 
William T. and sister of the last Brandon ; she appears in 
Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 189, but not her husband; she died 1733, 
aged 30. See Haresfield following.] Havdwicke. On roof 
and bricks in church several shields, many of which were 
destroyed in repairs, erected by the will of William T., 
Esq., in Henry VH., and the note gives some. The sixth 
is the same, impaling Dennys W. T., Esq. [I imagine 
he appears in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 170, as g.s. of Rawlin 
T. and Margaret Barkley, but not his marriage.] Note. — 
Mons. Bilebatud De Trie bore : " Or a bend gobonne 
d'argent and az." Mons. Reynalde De Trie : " D'or a une 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



467 



bende d'az." Leland. Quarterly 1 and 4 grand quarters. 
The same, with 2 and 3 grand quarters, each quarterly, 
BoTELER and Aparke, impaling (?)Gorney and Brandon 
quarterly, and marshalled with this is Skipwith, for John T. 
and Margaret S. Glos. Vis., 1623, p. ^171. [_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 
170: John Boteler married Beatrix, d. and h. of William 
Aparke, of Hardwicke Court ; and John Try married Eliza- 
beth, d. and coh. of Amery B. of the same; whilst John 
Gorney married Catherine, cousin and coh. of Charles 
Brandon, and their d. and coh. Mary married John T., of 
Hardwicke. Monuments sa}^ the first-mentioned John T. 
lived in Hen. VI., and was father of William T., who married 
Isabella, eldest d. of -James, Lord Berkeley. He lived in Edw. 
IV., and made and beautified the roof of the body of the 
church.] The same, 1579, as the last with its quarterings. 
John T., the elder, Esq., married Elizabeth, one of the cohs. 
of Sir Charles Brandon, Knt., Duke of Suffolk, K.G. [Both 
her Christian and surname are different from the ped. quoted 
above. Rudder, 472, says the same as the monument, and 
Maddison in his Lincolnshire Peds. says the same as the Vis. 
for the other two sisters, whilst the arms bear the Vis. out. 
She could only be an Elizabeth and a coh. if she was a sister, 
not d. of Catherine, who married John Gorney.] The same 
as before (I imagine only the grand quarters), 1609. William 
T., the elder, he married Mary, d. of Sir Edward Tirrell, of 
Thornton, co. Bucks. The same as before (I expect as last). 
John, s. of William T., he died 1651, aged 25. [Query s. of 
William T. and Mary Tirrell, or of William T. and Anne 
Vincent. See both Vis.] The same most probably as last. 
1681, impaling Vincent, and another of the same with date 
defaced. The first is to William T., aged 84, and the second 
to his wife Anne, d. of William V., of Acton, co. Middlesex, 
who had been his wife 58 years, and had borne him six sons 
and eight ds. The same, 1670, impaling Jones, 1703. Capt. 
Thomas, s. of the last pair, married Anne, eldest d. of three 
and coh. of Richard J., of Hanham. The same, 1717, impal- 
ing Horne, 1724. William T., aged 57, s. of the last pair, 

32 

Vol. XXVIIT. 



468 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



married Mary, aged 58, d. and coh. of Thomas H., of 
Horncastle, co. York. Haresfield. Trye, without quarter- 
ings. Impaled with Longford, 1759. Rev. John L., 
aged 69, married EHzabeth, d. of the last pair [and 
so confirms the wrong marshalling ; see Cheltenham] . 
Haivkeshiiry. The same, without quarterings, impaled with 
Cosyn, 1689. Edward C, of Hillesley, and of Charley, co. 
Leicester, aged 88, married as his second wife Frances, 
eldest d. of William T. and Anne Vincent. \Glos. Vis.,. 
1682, p. 189.] Leckhampton. The same as last, 1766, im- 
paling Longford, 1768. [Burke's Land. Gent, and monument: 
Rev. John T., aged 49, rector of the parish, married Mary,, 
aged 46, d. and coh. of the Rev. John L. Very possibly 
this has caused the error at Cheltenham. It is curious to 
note that both Papworth and Burke give the T. coat as 
" Or a bend sinister az.," whereas all the Glos. historians, 
Nayler and the Visitations give it " dexter." Accordmg to 
Bigland's note the bend should be "gobonne arg. and az.,'" 
but then a dexter one.] 

[TUDOR, OR Stapleton. Second quartering of Smyth : 
TEWTHER.] ^ . , . , , 

" Gu. a lion ramp, withm bord. engr. or, 

given as (?) Talbot. [Matthew S. married 

Jane, d. and coh. of Thomas T., of Ludlow. Collinson, ii. 

293-] 

[TURBER- .Civencester. Tenth quartering of D'Anvers, 

wrongly named 1 horpe : " Cnequ}^ or and 
gu. a fess erm." [Sir J. Maclean, Glos. 

Trans., xvii. 300. Brought in by eleventh quartering Berke- 

rolles, as Sir Roger B. married Katherine, d. and coh. of 

Sir Richard T., of Coyty.] 

TURBERVYLE. Bishop's Cleeve. Fifth shield on Southam 
chimney-piece, marshalled with De la Bere. 
The same as last. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 56, 
the third quartering is given as T., or Maynarch ap Gurgan. 
I think it is most probably intended for the last, as the 
fourth, here the sixth shield, is Justin ap Gurgant.] In 
church. The seventh quartering, the same. [But here it 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



469 



is most likely to be T., as the coh. married De la Bere.] 
Tivining. Impaling Hodges, 171 i: "Cheeky vert (surely 
discoloured or) and gu. a fess erm.," 1662, ? 1682. [Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 190: William, aged 57, s. of William T. and 
Mary Porter, married Sarah, d. of 'Dr. William H., Arch- 
deacon of Worcester. Curiously his arms are given, but 
they were disclaimed by the herald as " Barry of six arg» 
and az. 3 lioncels ramp, in fess gu.," which Papworth most 
probably gives as Woodburgh.] The same, 1720, impaled 
with (?) Palmer, 1729. [Too late for the Vis., and I cannot 
find marriage; but it is curious how Barke, in error, gives 
the T. coat as a " chief" instead of " fess erm.'] 
TURNOR. Marigotsfield. Impaled with Andrews, 1758 : 

" (Erm.) on a cross (quarter-pierced arg.) 

4 millrinds (sa.)." [Monument erected by 
Elizabeth, 1772, aged 54, and her death added, d. of Edward. 
Maddison's Lincoln. Peds., p. 1016 Edmund T. married 
Elizabeth Ferne, and their d. Elizabeth married Edward A., 
aged 49, of Brockhill House. Monument, Hillhouse, co. Glos.] 
TURTON. Turley and Haw. Impaling Smallbrooke, 

1642, quarterly: "Arg. 10 trefoils slipt vert." 

Staffovdsl'iifc Vis., v., part ii., p. 290 of Salt 
Collections: William T., of West Bromwich, married Anne,, 
d. of Thomas S., of Birmingham.] 

TWYNIHOW. Faifford. Illustration of Tame brass and 
description. At top, i shield. At bottom, 
2 shields, impaled with Tame, 1501. At 
side, three shields. i : Impaled with Tame. 2 : Tame, 
3: T., "Arg. a chev. gu. betw. 3 poppinjays (really pewits) 
ppr. (sa.)," 1471. John Tame married Alice T. Glos. Vis.^ 
1623, p. 260. 

TYLER. Dyvham. Impaled with Freeman, 1757 : 

" (Sa.) on a fess (or) betw. 2 leopards pass, 
guard, (arg.) 3 crescents (gu.)," 1754. 

Francis F., of Norton Malreward, co. Somerset, married 

Mary, d. and h. of Isaac T. [So this ought to be on escut. 

of pret.] 



470 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



[TYLER.] Thornhiivy. Impaling [Tayer.] The same as 

last, tinctured, only the leopards are called 
lions, and are pelletty {i.e. spotted sa. to 
distinguish them from lions). Woodchestev. 2 and 3 quarter- 
ing of Freeman, 1766, impaled with Paul, 1774. same 
as last, but not pelletty. [This was Catherine, d. of the 
first pair, and she was coh. to her father, Francis F., and 
married as his second wife Sir Onesiphorus P. ; so apparently 
this quarterly coat should be on escut. of pret., as this 
quartering of Freeman proves the first ought to be.] 
TYNDALE. Stinchcomhe. " Arg. a fess gu. betw. (3) 

garbs sa.," 1673. [Rudder, 697 : Samuel, 
s. of William T., of this parish, but the 
whole of the inscription is not legible.] Thovnhury. The 
same as last, only the fess is charged with a martlet (? arg.) 
for diff; here the name is spelt Tyndall, 1571. [But Rudder, 
756, gives the T. ped., and this was Thomas, eldest s. of 
Edward T., by his first wife ; he married Avice Bodie, by 
whom he had two children, who died in their father's lifetime, 
so he bequeathed his estate of Eastwood to his cousin, 
Thomas T., a minor.] 

TYRELL, OR Campden. Sixth quartering of Noel, brought 
in by St. Owen, the fifth: "Arg. a lion 
ramp. az. within bord. engr. sa." [Really, 
" Az. a lion ramp, within bord. engr. arg.," Shropshire Vis., 
1623, p. 152 : John, s. of Sir Ralph St. O. and Alice Bruse, 
married Jane, d. and h. to Hugh T.] The same, in Hickes. 
Didmarton. Second shield, impaling Codrington, 1745 : 
" Arg. 2 chevronels az. within bord. engr. gu." Charles, 
second s. of Sir Thomas T., Bart., of Thornton, co. Bucks., 
married Elizabeth (Eliza in Glos. Trans., xxi. 330), one of 
the ds. of Robert C. and Agnes Samwell. Third shield, 
impaled with Forrester. The same, 1776. Elizabeth, d. of 
the last pair, n^arried Capt. John F., R.N. Minchin Hampton, 
Sixth quartering of Hopton, 1775, impaled with Dallaway, 
1776. The same as Campden, only the bordure is "or" 
[and refers to the same marriage brought in by St. Owen]. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



471 



[TIRREL.] Fairford. Impaled with Morgan, named 

(?) Avery, 1715, in error: " Gu. 3 chevs. 
arg. within bord. of the second." Edmund 
Morgan married Mary, d. of Avery Tirrel [so this would 
really be the same as the Didmarton coat]. Tortworth, 
Fifth quartering of Throckmorton, 1607 : " Sa. 2 chevs. 
arg. within a bord. engr. gu." [It is the same quartering 
in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 162, and is there given correctly as in 
Didmarton ; but how it comes into the Throgmorton shield 
I cannot trace.] 

PTYRINGHAM. Fairford. Bigland says on mantle of Sir 
Edmund Tame's second wife : " Or a saltire 
sa.," Tyringham. [Now this is Botetourt; be- 
sides, in his illustration he makes it more like a " cross engr." 
I believe she was Elizabeth T., and therefore her arms would 
be " Az, a saltire engr. arg., may be or."] 

TYSON. Thovnhury. " Vert 3 lions ramp, regard, arg. 

ducally crowned or," 1740. [Papworth 
leaves out the "regard.," but says "crowned, 
collared and chained or," of Woodland Green, co. Glos. ;, 
and Rudder, 759, as the first, of Hope Farm.] Crest : A 
sinister arm in mail or hand ppr. defended by an antique 
shield of the first lined vert with straps gu. Motto : 
" Virtute et scientia " (? sapiencia), by Editor. 
TYTTELEY. Fairford. On second atchievement. Third 
quartering of Barker : " Arg. on a fess 
betw. 6 crosses croslet sa. 3 escallops 
or." \Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 9, says the croslets are fitchee and 
the escallops arg. William Barker, of Hopton Castle, co^ 
Salop, married Mary, sister and h. of William T., of 
Titteley, co. Salop, who bore " Az. on a fess betw. 6 crosses 
croslet fitchee or 3 escallops sa."] 

UFFLEET. Cheltenham. Ninth quartering of Lygon,. 

brought in by Beauchamp, the seventh : 
" Arg. on a fess az. 3 fleurs-de-lis or." 

[Grazebrook's Wore. Heraldry, p. 590 : Sir Gerard U.'s coh- 



472 



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Catherine married Sir William B., father of the first Lord B., 
of Powick, whereby his arms are quartered by the Lygons of 
Madresfield.] 

UFFORD. Matson. In manor house window. First 

quartering of eight : " Sa. a cross engr. or." 
Bigland says the arms of Peregrine Bertie, 

Lord Wiiloughb}^, of Eresby. Crest : A saracen's head ppr. 

betw. 2 wings conjoined fretty or and sa. 

UNDERHILL. Qiiemton. " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 cinquefoils 
slipped or," 1770. yAvmofies say " Arg. a 
chev. sa. betw. 3 trefoils slipped vert."1 

Crest : A stag statant arg. 

UVEDALE. Berkeley. Thirteenth shield on screen. 

" Arg. a cross moline gu." [Elizabeth, 
coh. with Victoria and d. of Sir William U., 

Knt., married first Admiral, Sir William Berkeley, Knt.] 

Bishop's Cleeve. " Cross moline," impaling Query, 16. 

Jacobus U., rector 1737, aged 54. [Rudder, 373. No 

colours exprest.] 

VAILLANT. Swindon. " Party per fess or on a lozenge 
az. a fish naiant or in base," Monu- 
ment says v., 1845. [This is a curious 

blazon, for on a lozenge shield; " Az. a shark or, a chief of 

the last."] 

[? VALEN- Olveston. 2 and 3 quarterinj? of Casamajor, 

ZUELA.] ^ ^ ^ ^ „ , . / 

1775 : " Sa. a crescent arg. [1 thmk 

really, " Chcquy or and az. a crescent sa./' 

given in Mis. Gen. et Her. New Series, i. 88, as the quartering 

of Don Luiz John C, who settled in Bristol 1695, '^l^o 

married Doria Antonia, d. of Don Martin Serrano and Dona 

Bernarda V., and on p. 90 will be found Henry C, who was 

his third s. of the monument.] 

VANDERESCH. Thornbury. Impaled with Raymond, 1756 : 
" Per fess or and az. (in chief) 2 carpenters' 
squares interlaced, points upwards, and in 

base an estoile all counterchanged." [Rudder, 759 : William 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



473 



R., aged 57, married first Mary, d. of Jacob V., of the 
Hague.] 

[VANNAM.] Avlingham. Escut. of pret. on [Hickes] : 
" Quarterly (arg. and gu.) 4 martlets 
counterchanged." '[Charles Yate married 

Mary, d. and coh. of Robert H., by his wife Elizabeth, d. 

and h. of John V., D.D.] 

[? VANNE.] Wotton Underedge. Fifth quartering of Bayn- 

HAM, 1667: "Per pale gu. and or an eagle 
displ. with two heads vert." [Glos. Vis., 

1623, p. 13, the heads are sa. I cannot find this family 

or how they become a quartering.] 

VAUGHAN. Driffield. 2 and 3 quartering of Bond, 1780, 
on escut. of pret., on Hanger, 1773: " Sa. 
a chev. betw. 3 boys' heads couped at the 
shoulders arg." [I cannot trace this Bond - Vaughan 
marriage.] Ruerdean. Impaling Browne, 1694: " Sa. a 
chev. betw. 3 boys' heads coupt at the shoulders arg. 
crined or (each) enwrapped about the neck v/ith a snake 
ppr." Crest : A boy's head as in the arms. [Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 191 : John v., 1694, aged 58, married Frances^ 
d. of Sir Peter B., Bart.] The same, 1650, Baynham V., 
father of the last, aged 45. The same, 1601. [Possibly 
the last's father John, who married Joan, d. and h. of 
Thomas Baynham.] Standish. Third shield on restored 
Winstone, 1608, monument. The same as last. \_Glos. Vis., 
1623, p. 181 : Sir Henry Winston married secondly Eliza- 
beth, d. of Watkin v.] 

[VAUGHAN.] Henhiiry. . . . a chev. . . . betw. 3 chil- 
dren's heads couped . . ." [The same 

as Driffield. William Gwin, s. of William 

Gwin v., of Trebarried, co. Brecon, and his wife Martha, 

sole d. and h. of Samuel Roach, of Shirehampton ; so this 

should have had a quartering of Roach.] 

VAULX. Meysey Hampton. Severcil shields, i : Quar- 

terly I and 4 with 2 and 3 [Lynde] : " Arg. 
a bend chequy" (countercompone Cwnherland 



474 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Vis., of Tredermayne, co. Cumberland), 1626. [Jacobus 
(James) V., physician and surgeon, given in Dr. Marshall's 
Wilts. Vis., p. 17, whose father married Amita, d. and h. of 
George Line, co. Somerset. Crest : Eagle's head erased 
sa. beaked, collared and studded or. Motto : " Hodie et 
non eras."] 4 : The same, impaling Query, 38 ? Young. 
[But I cannot find marriage.] 5 : The same, impaling 
HoRTON. James V. married secondly Philipe, d. of William 
H., of Staunton, co. Wore. 

YEEL, orVEELE. A Imondsbiiry. First quarter of nine impaling 
Fettiplace quarterly: (Arg.) on a bend 
(sa.) 3 calves pass, (or)," 1577. [G/t?s. Vis., 
1623, p. 173 : William, of Over, co. Glos., s. of William V.. 
and Susanna Vyell, married Margaret, d. of W. F., of 
Maydencott. He was father of the Edward and Catherine 
of the monument.] Torhvorth. Second shield of glass in 
window. The same, only the calves are arg. [The William 
v., the father of the last W^illiam, was of Tortworth, and it is 
possible that he did bear it, as it was the oldest coat.] Ninth 
quartering of Throkmorton, 1607 : " Arg. on a bend sa. 
3 calves (pass.) or." Brought in by Mathew, the eighth 
quartering. [_Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 173 : l5avid M., of Rayder,. 
Knt., married Alice, d. and h. of Robert V. and Alice Pointz, 
but as Robert was the eldest s. and brother of the William 
of Tortworth, the calves should most probably be "arg."] 
Wotton Underedge. "Arg. on a bend sa. 3 calves (pass.) of 
the first, a crescent for diff.," 1787. [Rudder, 849, note, does 
not give this date, most probably one of the sons of William 
V. and Anne Compeer.] First quarter of quarterly of six. 
I presume the same as last, impaling Butler, 1658. \_Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 191 : Thomas, of Dover, Kent, s. of Thomas 
v., of Alveston, and Margaret Hide, married Mary, widow 
of Farewell, and d. of Henry B., of Hanley, co. Dorset.] 
Seventh quartering of Baynham : "... on a bend . . . 
3 calves . . ." [This, like the Throkmorton quartering in 
Tortworth, is brought in by the sixth Mathew.] " On a bend 
3 calves pass, or, a chev. betw. 3 ... 3 crosses croslet 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



475" 



fitchee." [Query the blazon, most probably Veei impaling 
Huntley, as Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 192, says William V.,. 
1820, and monument also, married Sarah, d. of Rev. Richard 
H. If so, the latter half of the blazon would be " Arg. on 
a chev. betw. 3 stags' heads erased sa. as many buglehorns 
of the field."] Crest: Wheatsheaf or enfiled with a ducal 
coronet or (really gu.). [The V.'s also bore another crest : 
Demi calf ramp, or pellettee.] 

VERDON. Cheltenham. Twelfth quartering of Lygon, 

brought in by tenth Furnival : " Or a fret 
gu." [Thomas, s. of Thomas F., ob. 1332,. 
married Maud, d. and coh. of Theobald, second Baron V.] 
VERE. Wotion Underedge. Second quartering of 

Veel, but I think an error for Massy : 
" Quarterly or and gu. in the first quarter 
a mullet sa." [This is really Vere, but the blazon is wrong, 
as it should be " Quarterly or and gu. in the first quarter a 
lion pass, guard, az." Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 172. The Veels do 
not seem to have married into the Veres, but the fourth h. 
in the ped. was Cecilia, d. and h. of . . . Massy, of Charfield, 
whom Peter Veel, temp: Richard H., married.] 
VERNON. BlocUey, co. Worcester. Impaled with 

RusHouT, 1705 : " Arg. a fret. sa. and a 
canton gu." Sir James R. married Arabella, 
1705, d. of Sir Thomas V. Bourton-on-the- Water. Impaling 
Pratt, 1724 : "Or on a fess az. 3 garbs of the field," 1720. 
Rev. John V. married Elizabeth P. Stanton. Impaled with 
IzoD, 1650. The same as last, 1642. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 98 r 
Rev. Henry, second s. of Henry I. and Ann Gunn, married 
Alice, d. of the Rev. Richard V.] 

VILLIERS AND Cirencester. 2 and 3 quarterine^ of Bathurst,, 
DE VELERES. -o 1 / a u / ^ 

1775 : " Pearl (arg.) on a cross ruby (gu.) 5, 

escallops topaz (or)." [George B., Esq.,, 

youngest s. of Alderman Launcelot B., of London, married in 

1610 Elizabeth, d. and coh. of Edward V., of Howthorpe, co. 

Northampton.] Down Ampney. On heater shield on Knight 

Templar effigy. *'A cross charged with 5 escallops." [I 



47^ Transactions for the Year 1905. 



expect tinctures same as last, since Bigland in his note gives 
that ; he also gives a coat of Nicholas de Vylers as " Sa. 
3 cinquefoils arg." in 1266; but this would be quite a 
different coat.] 

PVILLIERS. Downe Hathevley. [This is an error for the 
See of S. David's, but as there are no tinctures, 
if read right, they might be confused, seeing 

that it is given as " On a cross 5 cinquefoils," whereas V. is 

escallops, and the shield was put there to show the Rev. 

Henry Aisgill's, 1622, connection "as Chancellor" with that 

See.] 

VINCENT. Hardwicke. Two shields, i : Impaled with 

Trye, 1681 : " Az. 3 cinquefoils arg." \Glos. 
Vis., 1623, p. 171 : William T., of the 
monument, aged 84, married Anne, d. of William V., of 
Acton. CO. Middlesex.] 2 : Impaled with the same Trye, is 
to Anne's memory, but the dates are either left blank or 
defaced. 

VINER. Mavshfield. " Sa. (Rudder, 539, and rightly 

az.) a bend or, on a chief arg. (may be or) 2 
Cornish choughs ppr. (Rudder, crows and 

no tincture)." Monument to Benjamin V., of Bristol, but the 

only date is that of a trust, 1748. 

VINEY. Sandhurst. Impaled with Gyse : " Arg. a 

bunch of grapes stalked and leaved ppr., 
the stalk in chief." [Rudder, G41, supposed 

for V. Nayler gives the grapes purpure, and only tendrils, 

not leaves. Monument says Joan, 1680, wife of John G., 

of this parish. Not in the Visitations.'] 

[VYELL.] Almondshuvy. Eighth quartering of Veel, 

1577: "(Arg.) a fess raguly (gu.) betw. 3 
annulets (sa.)." [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 172, 
gives this as the fifth quartering on that shield, and says 
[Torrington] in error, as the last is the fourth quartering. 
Page 173 says William V., of Tortworth, married Susanna, 
d. and coh. of . . . Vyell. Papworth gives all the Gloucester 
coats as fess and annulets gu. except one, which has the 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



477 



annulets sa. He also gives Pole's blazon for the Gloucester 
family, and which is, I think, the right one, viz. " Arg. a 
ragged fece trunked gu. betw. 3 pellets."] Also fourth 
quartering of Ivy, 1630, wrongly marshalled. It should be 
2 and 3, "Arg. a fess raguly gu. betw. 3 annulets sa." [The 
Ivys were a prominent Wilts family, but I cannot trace the 
h. of V.'s marriage.] 

PWYVELL. Wotton Underedge. The fifth quartering of 

Veel, as in Almondsbury note : " Arg. a 
fess raguUe betw. 3 annulets gu." [If so, 

the roundles would be torteaux, not pellets, as given in 

Western Armory,^ 

WADE. Frampton-on-Severn. Impaled with Clutter- 

buck and Clifford quarterly : " Az. on a 
saltire betw. 4 fleurs-de-lis or 5 escallops 

sa." [Rudder, 454, says the escallops are of the first. It is 

not in Armories.'] Sarah, 1685, of J^^^ and wife 

of William Clutterbuck. The same, impaling Dunch, 1687. 

Thomas W^ married Anne, d. of John D., of Puisy, Berks. 

The same as last, a duplicate without date. 

WAKEMAN. Beckford. Impaling Hall : " Vert a saltire 
wavy erm.," 1662. [Burke's Land. Gent., 
1853, p. 1484: Major Richard W. '^married 

Anne, d. of Benedict H., Esq.] Tewkesbury. The same, 

1634. [Dyde, 73 : Edward W., Armiger, but in note styled 

Knight.] 

WAKESTED. Clifford Chambers. Tenth quartering of 
Raynsford, 1632: "Arg. a chev. betw. 3 
cinquefoils gu." [Brought in by Hall, the 

fifth qtiartering, as Edward H. married Margery, h. of W., 

and Richard W. married Elenor Ardeboughe, the eleventh 

quartering.] 

? WALBANK. Brimpsfield. " On a chev. betw. 3 escallops 
as many fleurs-de-lis." [Not in Armories, 
Matthew W., 1721, and Hester his wife, 

1729, aged 75. I cannot give tinctures.] 



478 



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WALKER. Thornbury. Third atchment, impaled with 

Willis: Az. a griffin segreant per fess 
arg. and or within bord. engr. erm." [^Burkes 

Land. Gent., 1854, p. 1593: Ann, d. of Sir WiUiam W., Knt.,. 

married Rev. John Willes, D.D.] The same as last, but 

Willis is dated 1748 [so I suppose the atchment was to 

the wife] . 

[? WALKER.] Westhuvy -on-Trim. Impaled with [Savage] : 
" Arg. a hawk displ. or in chief 2 mullets 
arg." [This is false; most probably "Arg. 
a falcon rising ppr. armed, jessed, and belled or, on a chief 
az. a bezant betw. 2 estoiles gold." But the monument 
under says John Yate, 1819, so th^ shield has evidently been 
misplaced.] Yate. Impaled with Saunders : " A chev^ 
betw. 3 swans." Brass on monument to Walker, 1676. 
[But in adjoining column in Bigland are flat stones to 
Richard S., 1728, and Gertrude his wife, 1712. There is 
a Walker coat, *' Arg. a chev. betw. 3 birds," of co. Wilts. 
I cannot trace this marriage.] 

WALL. Bromesberrow. First atchievement. Impaled 

with Yate: "Arg. a cross sa." \_Glos. 
Vis., 1682, p. 211 : Rice Y., 1690, married 
Catherine, 1710-11, d. of Thomas W., of Dimock, Esq.] The 
same, impaled with Yate quarterly. Catherine, the last 
one, relict of Rice Y. Dymock. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 
and 3 Capel, and impaling Chamberlayne, " cross." 
Thomas Wall, 1694, iriarried Mary, d. of Thomas Chamber- 
layne, of London, and William Wall, 1682, married Dorothy, 
d. and sole h. of Francis Capel of Aylton, co. Hereford.] 
Tewkesbury. Two shields, i: "Per fess or and az. a fess 
embat. counterembat. betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis all counter- 
changed," 1808, with escut. of pret., Martin, quarterly. 
2 : The same, with escut. of pret., Taylor. [I can find 
neither of these in the peds., so suppose they are too late.] 
Crest : Out of a mural crown or a wolf's head arg. charged 
on the neck with a fess embat. and counterembat. gu. The 
same, 1847, Robert Martin Popham W. [Here we have a 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



479 



-descendant of the Martin heiress marriage, coupled with the 

third quartering of Martin, viz. Popham.] 

WALLER. Farmington. Second atchievement. " Sa. 3 

walnut leaves or, betw. 2 bendlets arg." 

Crest : On a mownt vert, an oak tree 
acorned ppr. (a misprint) charged on the sinister side with 
an escutcheon bearing the arms of France. Impaling 
Phillips. [Rudder, 447, gives this coat false : " Az. on a 
bend sa. cotised arg. 3 walnut leaves or." The field is " sa.," 
and the walnut leaves are in "bend," as in Bigland ; as 
the s. Edmund is stated to be present lord of the manor, 
I imagine this commemorates his lather Edmund, who 
purchased it, and who was of Beaconsfield, Bucks.] 
WALLINGTON. Duvsley. Impaling Purnell, 1738: " Erm. 

3 bars wavy sa. on a chief gu. a saltire or," 

1765. [Rudder, 426 : " Barry undy of 6 
arg. and sa.," &c., but Bigland's is right. Charles W., Vicar 
of Frampton and Curate of Dursley, aged 66, and Mary his 
wife, aged 38.] On atchievement in N. aisle. The same, 
impaling Thomas, and it has curiously the crest of Thomas. 
Is this then wrongly marshalled, or only an error in heraldry ? 
I cannot find the marriage in the peds., and can but conclude 
that the Rev. Charles W. married twice.] Horsley. Impaling 
Castleman, 1738 : " (Or) a lion ramp, (vert)," Alice, wife 
of the Rev. Richard W., vicar of the parish, aged 3- (the 
rest defaced). [I cannot find to what co. this family 
belonged.] 

WALSHE Sodhuvy Chipping. Quarterly i and 4 with 

2 and 3 quarterly, Queries, 54 : " Az. 5 
mullets in saltire or." \_Glos. Vis., 1623, 
p. 264, says " Az. 6 mullets or, 3.2.1.," which would be in pile. 
Rudder, 675, as the first, but without inscription. Papworth 
•only gives the second, but he also gives " 7 mullets, 3.1.3.," 
which would be nearer a " saltire." Maurice W. owned the 
place in the time of Hen. VIII.] Woodchestev. Impaled with 
Huntley. The same as the second coat. [Glos, Vis., 1623, 
p. 93 : George, s. of John H. and Alice Langley, married 



/ 



48o 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Catherin, d. to John W., of Sodbury, so perhaps he- 
changed the coat, whom Fosbrooke mentions as Maurice's 
successor.] 

WALTER. Stapleton. Second atchment. Second quar- 

tering of Whitchurch. Escut. of pret. on 
Smyth : " Az. a squirrel sejant cracking 
nuts' (a nut) upon the stump of a tree eradicated (generally a 
hazel bough)." [Joseph Whitchurch, 1772, married the 
heiress of Thomas W.] Also given as fourth quartering in 
error for Whitchurch. Third atchment. Escut. of pret. on 
Whitchurch. i and 4 quartering with 2 and 3, Pyrke. 
The same. The same as last. [Rowles W., 1733, married 
Mary, d. and ? h. of Nathaniel P., of Little Dean, co. Glos. 
Joseph Whitchurch, 1772, married Mary, d. of Rowles W., 
and their only d. Jane married Thomas Smyth, of Long 
Ashton ] Second quartering of Whitchurch, escut. of pret. 
on Smyth. On lozenge shield, i and 4 quartering. The 
same on escut. of pret. on Whitchurch, 1790. The same,, 
second quartering of Whitchurch, escut. of pret. on Smyth 
quarterly. 

WALWYN AND Bishop's Cleeve. In Southam and in church. 
WALWEYNE. 

Small shield, impaled with De la Bere : 
^'Gu, a bend erm." [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 49: 
George Delabere married Sibbell, d. of Thomas W., of 
Hellins.] MicUeton. Impaled with Graves, 1770: " Gu. a 
bend, and bord. erm. in chief a talbot' pass, or." Morgan G. 

married Anne, d. of W., of Longworth, co. Hereford. 

[This is a late variation. Now there is a lozenge shield with 
only " Gu. a bend erm."] Queinton. Third quartering of 
LiNGEN : "Gu. a bend erm." 

[WALWYN.] Coherley. Second quartering of Baynham i 

" A bend," [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 14 : 

Thomas B. married secondly AUice, d. of 
Thomas W., but in brackets d. and h. to William W., of 
Bickerton.] The same quartering as last, but with the 
blazon as given on the shield in Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 12 : *' Gu.. 
on a bend erm. a greyhound current sa." Preston-upon-Avojt.. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



Ninth shield in window. Second quartering of Bullock, 
error for [Baynham] : " Gu. on a bend erm. a lion ramp, 
sa. a crescent in chief arg." 

PWALWYN. Newent. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3 
[Stratford] , impaled with Hooke, ? 1705 : 
"... a bend ..." 

WANLEY. Upper Slaughter. Impaling Hutton, 1682 : 

" Arg. a cross pattee fitche inverted on the 
point a (crescent) gu.," 1688. [Rudder, 666 : 

Andrew W.,' of Eyford, aged 46, married Frances, aged 29, 

eldest d. of John H., of Marske, co. York.] 

[WARD.] Frontispiece and title - pages. Fourth 

quartering of Bigland brought in by 
Babington the third : " Arg. a fret az." 

[Really as given in Notts. Vis., p. 150: " Or a fret, az." Sir 

John B., Knt., married Benedicta, d. and h. of Simon Ward, 

of CO. Cambridge.] 

? WAKINGS. Pveston-upon-Avon. Seventh shield in 
windows. "Arg. on a bend sa. 3 mascles 
voided (mascles are always voided, it should 

be lozenges voided) of the first." Crest : Out of a ducal 

coronet or an unicorn's head sa. maned and armed arg. 

charged on the neck with a mullet arg. [1 think this is 

named in error, as both coat and crest are ? [Carleton] . 

WARLOCK. King's Stanley. "Arg. a fess az. betw. 6 
cross crosslets gu.," 1795. Crest: A demi 
fawn reguard. ppr. collared or. Impaling 

[Webb] . [Glos. N. and Q., i. 172 : William Worlock, gent.. 

No Armories give this coat or crest either for Warlock or 

Worlock.] 

WARNEFORD. Bihiiry. In a lozenge shield, with escut. of 
pret., Sackville, 1756: "Per fess embat.. 
arg. and sa. 6 crosses patty counterchanged," 
Elizabeth, aged 67, relict of Edmond W., and eldest d. (and 
I suppose eventually h. or coh.) of Henry S., Esq. Miserden, 
" Per fess embat. sa. and arg. 6 crosses pattee counter- 
changed," 1717. [This seems to be the correct blazon, but 



.482 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



Rudder, 287, gives the Bibury coat as above.] Thomas, 
citizen of London, aged 63, eldest s. of Thomas W., gent., of 
Sutgrove. 

WARNER. Stroud. " Or a chev. betw. 3 boars' heads 

couped sa.," 1736. Impahng Fust, 1718. 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 177: EHzabeth, d. of 

Sir Edward F., Bart., and Anne Mary Stephens, married 

Thomas W., junior. Rudder, 715.] 

WARREN. Preface. Third quartering of Charles 

Howard, Duke of Norfolk : " Chequy or 
and az." [Brought in by Edmund FitzAlan, 
Earl of Arundel, who married Alice, sister and h. of John de 
W., Earl of Surrey.] Berkeley. Eighth shield on screen. 
The same, brought in by Mowbray the third. Also unnamed 
tenth quartering of Berkeley, brought in as last. 5. BriaveVs. 
Illustration and description. The same. William W. and 
Marian Catchmay his wife, who died in Queen Elizabeth's 
reign. No inscription, and now destroyed. Dyrham. M.S. 
of John Smyth, of Nibley. Third shield. Fourth quartering 
of Berkeley, impaled with Dennys. Quarterly. The same. 
Hardwicke. The same, third quartering of Berkeley. 
William, Marquis of B. Stanton. " Erm. a fess chequee or 
and az. betw. 3 talbots pass, sa.," 1728. Thombury. Fourth 
quartering of Howard. [Really Mowbray, instead of the 
third quartering.] 

[WARREN.] ' Hinton. Escut. of pret. on Jason: "Erm. 

a fess chequy (or and az.) betw. 3 lions 
(really talbots) pass, sa." [The same as in 
Stanton. Sir Robert J., fourth Bart., married Anne, d. of 
Capt. David W.] Horsley. Second shield in window. 
Marshalled with Berkeley, of Uley, and FitzNichoU : " Arg. 
a chief chequy or and az." [This variation does not occur 
in the Vis., so I think it may be the plain coat partially 
defaced, though being in glass it may be as given.] Thorn- 
btiry. See before under Thornbury, where Mowbray's coat 
is named Warren, and this the third quartering of Howard, 
*' Chequy or and az.," is unnamed. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 483 



AVASHBORNE. Misevden. On illustration of Kingston tomb 
below church. Impaled with K., 1614; but 
Bigland does not give it in the text, yet 
Rudder, 555, does : " Arg. on a fess betw. 6 martlets gu. 
3 quatrefoils (more like crosses on the plate, and Rudder 
says roses) of the first." [This marriage of William, aged 
39, s. of Anthony K., Esq., with Mary, d. of John W., of 
Wickenford, co. Wore, does not appear in the Visitations of 
either county.] 

WASTFIELD. Hawheshuvy (Gu.) on a fess betw. 6 billets 
arg. 3 roses (really Catherine wheels sa.)." 
Two Richards — one 1716, aged 85, the 

other, 1738, aged 77— and possibly their two wives. 

[WATERTON.] Matson. Eighth quartering of Ufford, 
given as Welles : *' Barry of 6 erm. and 
gu. 3 crescents sa." [G. E. C, viii. 77: 

Leo, Lord Welles, married first, circa 1426, Joan, d. of 

Robert W. and h. to her brother, Sir Robert W.] 

WATHEN. Stroud. Impaling Query, 61 : " Paly of 10 

arg. and gu. over all a lion ramp. arg. 
within a bord. compony arg. and az.," 1786. 

WATTS. Witcomhe. Second atchment. Impaled with 

HiCKES : Arg. 2 bars az. and in chief 3 
pelletts." [Rudder, 837: Howe H. married 

Mary, d. of Jeffry W., of co. Essex.] The same, impaled 

with HiCKES, 1727-8, aged 38; and the last-named, Mary 

his relict, 1728, aged 36. 

WEARE. Churcham. " (Arg.) on a bend (vert) betw. 

6 cross crosslets fitchy (gu.) 3 crosiers (or)," 
Elizabeth, 1743, aged 63, third d. of William 
and Margaret Bayse, and wife of Thomas W., of Mannocks, 
CO. Hereioid. Rodmarton. Impaled with Cox, 1779. The same, 
and tinctures given. [Thomas Chamberlayne Cox, aged 79, 
married Ann, 1777, d. and coh. of George W., Esq., of Ciren- 
cester.] Tkornhury. Impaled with Mathew, 1788. The same 
Susanna W. married Edward M. The same, 1773. Henry 
of Bristol, aged 63, and Susanna, his wife, 1774, aged 45. 

33 

Vol. XXVIIT. 



484 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



WEARE, OR Ebrington. Fourth quartering of Fortescue^ 
brought in by the third [Denzell] : " On a 
bend 3 crosiers." [Tinctures as before. 

EHzabeth, d. of WilHam W., married Richard D., and their 

g.d. married Martin Fortescue.] 

WEBB^oR Avening. " A cross in first quarter eagle 

displ." [Really, Or a cross quarterly gu. 
and sa. in dexter chief an eagle displ. of the 
third."] Richard W , clothier, 1712, aged 78. Berkeley. In 
lozenge shield. The same, untinctured, 1736 : Hester, d. 
of John W., of Frocester, aged 52. Also fourth quartering 
of Weston, 1724. The same as last. CromhalL Impaled 
with Hickes, 1726: " Sa. 3 escallops in bend arg.," 1749^ 
Mary, aged 69, d. of Thomas W., of Abbotside, in this 
parish, married Thomas H., aged 58. The same, 1731. 
Robert W., of Abbotside, aged 41. [Neither in G/os. F'^s.,i682.] 
Minchin Hampton. Impaled with Sheppard, 1724. The same 
as Avening, untinctured, 1734. \Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 167 r 
Samuel S., aged 63, married Anne, aged 76, d. of Thomas 
W., of Rodborough.] Impaled with Blackwell, 1749-50. 
Katherine, 1749, aged 68, wife of Mr. Archar B., aged 75. 
The same, 1770. Daniel, aged 66, s. of John W., of Giddinap,. 
in this parish. The same, 1684. Martha, wife of William 
W., gent., of Howcombe, in this parish. Hatherop. On a 
lozenge shield. " (Gu.) a cross betw. 4 falcons close (or)," 
1709, with escut. of pret., Blomer, and impaling the same. 
Mary B., aged 74, married secondly Sir John W., Bart., 
of Cranford, Dorset. Horsley. The same as Avening, 
untinctured, 1750, and the same, 1751 ; the first 
Richard W., aged 37, and Mary his wife, 1749, aged 
30; the second Edward W., aged 52. Kingswood. "Or 
on a bend sa. 3 escallops arg.," 1674: Thomas, s. of 
Richard W., of Wotton Underedge, aged 84. [This 
looks like a variation of the Cromhall coat, but it is 
older.] Marshjield. " (Or) on a bend engraied \_sic'] (gu ) 
3 crosses croslet fitchee (arg.)," 1670, impaling Webb, alias 
[Richmond]. Monument says Nicholas W., s. of Chris- 



• 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



485 



topher ; and the one above, " Here lieth buried with her 
two children Anne, wife of Nicholas W., 1651." [Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 196, says Nicholas married ? first Anne, d. of . . . 
Webb, of Wotton-under-Edge, and had a d. Anne, ob. 
infant; but on p. 195 there is amother Nicholas whose 
marriage is blank, and it may have been that this Anne 
is his wife, whose s. William is given as the father of the 
Christopher who the monument says was the father of 
Nicholas. I cannot help thinking that this William is the 
other child buried with Anne, and that the Nicholas on 
p. 195, who was the s. of Christopher, second s. of William 
Richmond, alias Webb, bore this coat, and married Anne, 
d. of William W., alias Richmond, his cousin, who would 
bear the Richmond coat. Dates in this case may seem 
awkward, but they are quite possible.] Quarterly i and 4. 
The same, 1724, with 2 and 3 [Richmond]. [This is over 
William W. and Elizabeth his wife, 1719, but no ages are 
given. Even if the two Nicholases are the same, the s. 
would bear the Webb and Richmond quarterly, though he 
was by a different wife. Rudder gives this coat as the 
Webbs', of Ashwick, p. 539, but not the monuments.] 
Newington Bagpath. On atchi-evement. " Erm a cross pattee 
gu.," impaling Query, 43. [Armories do not give this, but 
Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 244, gives " Erm. a cross patee az." to 
Allice, d. of William W., of Taterig ? who married Thomas 
Damory, of Yate. Rudder, 566, says Edward W. was 
proprietor in the eighteenth century, and Fosbrooke that 
the last male h., William W.j devised the estate away in 
1726.] The same, 1707, impaling Query, 43. [Monument 
says Edward W., eldest s. of the former.] Painswick. 
The sa^ie, as the first in Avening, 1712. \Glos. N. and g., 
p. 188, John W.] The same, 1697. \_Glos. N. and g., 
p. 188, Edmund W. I do not think either of these are 
in the Vis.l The same. On lozenge shield, escut. of 
pret. on Hyett, 1738. [Rudder, 596, gives this same 
coat, but it is on monument to Charles H., M.P., with the 
same date, 1738, and Glos. N, and Q., i. 181, only gives 



486 Transactions for the Year 1905. 

one ; so Bigland must have overlooked this one, if there 
was another, as this one has crest as well ; it may be the 
widow erected the monument, and by mistake his coat was 
placed on the widow's lozenge shield ; she, Christian name 
seems unknown, was the d. of Nicholas W., of Gloucester.] 
King's Stanley. The same as Avening, impaled with War- 
lock, 1795. [Possibly one of the ds. of the Rev. John W. 
and Mary Hazlewood, but I cannot find any ped. to prove 
this marriage.] Stone. The same as Cromhall, with escut. 
•of pret. [Wyat]. Nicholas Webb, 1660, of Lower Stone. 
[I cannot find marriage.] Crest : Stag's head erased arg. 
dos. Vis., 1682, p. 198 : Demi stag erased arg. Stroud. 
Impaled with Griffin, 1627: Quarterly gu. and sa. in the 
first quarter an eagle displ. of the last." [This is only part 
of the coat, and taken by itself is false ; it is " Or a cross, 
.&c.," as in Avening. Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 197 : Anne, d. of 
Thomas W. and Anna Clutterbuck, married John G., but 
Rudder, 715, gives, as on the monument, Elizabeth his wife, 
so perhaps he married twice ; also his g.d. Elizabeth, 1681, 
married John W., of Thorp ; however, the impaling is given 
as W.] Tewkesbury. Impaling Hazlewood, 1735 : " Or a 
cross quarterly quartered gu. and sa. in first quarter eagle 
displ. of the first." [This is false. Dyde, 70, says correctly 
^' of the last." Mary, aged 47, d. of Sir Thomas H. and 
widow of the Rev. John W., Rector of Breedon, co. Wore] 
Titherington. The same as Avening, 17 14. [Not in Rudder 
•or Vis. date.] Westbtcry- on-Trim. The same as Avening, 
only the eagle is said to be of the second, which would be 
gu., most probably an error in the blazon, 1741. [These 
later Webbs sadly want the monuments to refer to.] Wotton 
Underedge. Impaling ? Draper. R. Web, rebus, 1662. 
[Rudder, 851 : Robertus Web, O tu rebus uber. He, 
aged 74, married Anne, d. of Richard D., merchant, of 
London, and their only d. Anne married Nicholas W., of 
Ashwick. See the Richmond Ws. in Marshfield. This use 
of initials looks as if his family were uncertain of his proper 
coat.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



487 



[WEBB.] Woodchester. " . . .an eagle displ. ..." 

[This, of course, can be only part of the 
coat, but monument, 1742, says W.] Crest i 
A demi eagle ducally crowned. ^ [I think this is ducally 
gorged. The crests of the Marshfield and Painswick families 
are not given in the Visitations, but I fancy this belongs to the 
latter.] 

WEBLEY. Tidenham. " Or a bend betw. 3 mullets sa. 

pierced," 1712. Crest : Cubit arm in 
armour holding a broad sword. [Rudder^ 
765, says William W., and his s. Walter, 1763. It is curious 
that the Glos. Vis.,, 1623, p. 177, gives almost the same coat 
for Weoley, only "betw. two mullets," but quite a different 
crest.] 

? WELLES. Matson. Sixth quartering of Ufford and 

WiLLpuGHBY : "Or a lion ramp.sa." Really,, 

*' Or a lion ramp, double queued sa." [Sir 

Robert Willoughby married Cicely, second d. of Leo, Lord 

W.] And the eighth quartering: "Barry of 6 erm. and gu. 

3 crescents sa." [is named W., but it is really [Waterton] , 

as G.E.C., viii. 77, says Leo, Lord W., married first, circor 

1426, Joan, d. of Robert Waterton and h. of her brother. 

Sir Robert. This verbal blazon reads as partially false, and 

requires an engraved coat to show it. It should read, " And 

on two bars of the first 3 crescents 2 and i sa."] . 

WEMYSS AND Stanway. Third atchment. [Unfortunately 
MARCH. .. , in/r 

no blazon, but it is styled Lady W. and M., 

and she was Margaret, 1850, d. of Walter 

Campbell, who married Francis Charteris Wemyss Douglas, 

Esq., created Baron Wemyss, who afterwards styled himself 

Earl of W. and M. ; so whether it was her maiden coat or an 

impaled atchieyement I am unable to say. Her connection 

with Stanway would be through the second atchment, Lady 

Elcho's.] 

WEST. Preston - upon - Avon. Window. Impaling 

Stevens or Steavens : " Arg. a fess dan- 
cette sa. in chief a martlet of the second," 



488 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



1754. Crest: Out of a ducal coronet or a griffin's head az. 
[Burke's Land. Gent., 1853, p. 1554: James W., of Alscot, 
married in 1738 Sarah, d. and eventually h. of Sir Thomas S., 
of Eltham, in Kent ; but he says, and rightly, that the fess is 
^' pean," i.e. sa. with gold erm. spots; also that the head 
in the crest should be the same. As he died in 1772, the 
date means the time when the shield was put into the 
window.] Third and fourth atchments. The same, with 
escut. of pret., Steavens [this would be for Sarah, the 
wife] ; and the fourth bears the crest as before [so for him]. 
WESTENRA. . Wovmington. Impaled with Gist. First 
hatchment. Quarterly i and 4 (really grand 
quarters) : " Per bend or and vert (so in 
Papworth, but the more common blazon seems to be " arg.") 
in chief a tree (eradicated) vert, in base a seahorse regardant 
arg. (on waves all proper) " [it seems that the original 
W. was as given here, but that Baron Rossmore bore the 
variation] , with 2 and 3 (really grand quarters), each quarterly 
I and 4. Murray omitted ; 2 and 3 [Cairnes], this being 
given as 2, whilst 3 is Query, 79. [The whole seems to have 
been named W., but I think it was intended that i and 4 
should be grand quarters with Westenra and its quarterings, 
and 2 and 3 grand quarters the Query, 79, perhaps Selleck. 
Burke's Land. Gent., 1898, p. 586 : Samuel I Gist Gist, of 
Wormington, married in 1824 the Hon. Marianne, d. of 
Warner, second Lord Rossmore. She died 1844.] Second 
hatchment. The same, escut. of pret. on Gist quarterly. 
Fourth hatchment. The same as first, without crests and 
with the date 1844, which proves the first to be Samuel 
Gist's, and this last his wife, the Hon. M. W. 
f?WESTERDALE.]ra^-;^^;^. Barry of 6 ..." [Monu- 
ment said W., but I can find no barry coat, 
only " Bendy of 6 gu. and vert a chev. betw. 
3 owls, may be crosses formee, arg."] 

WESTON. Berkeley. (Or) eagle displ. (regard, sa.)." 

Stafford Vis., v. 303: This is pendant from 
the pyramid. George W., 1774, aged 65, 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



489 



and Webb W., 1775, aged 58. The same, 1724, first quarter 
of four with 2 and 3, Queries, 7 and 4, Webb, as in 
Avening. Charles, s. of Phihp (and Mary Kendall) and 
g.grandson of Sir Richard W., Knt., of co. Stafford, and 
his fourth (Rev. John, 1739, aged 25) and fifth sons (Thomas, 
1740, aged 24). The same, 1742, first quarter of four, with 

[WESTON.] 2 : " Erm. in chief 3 roundlets," 

[really, " Erm. on a chief az. 3 may be 5 
bezants," the Westons, of Surrey], with 
3 and 4, Queries, 7, Jane, aged 61, relict of Charles W. 
[Her surname is not given, and I cannot trace the marriage, 
but I should think it might be Webb, as one of the family is 
named before as Webb W.] Also Charles, her eldest s., 1748, 
aged 40, and Sarah, ? her d., 1753, are on the monument. 
WESTON. Broadwell. Quarterly i and 4: "Or an 

eagle displ. sa." 2 and 3: " Arg. (really 
erm.) on a chief az. 5 bezants." [Here is 
the true [Weston] as before.] Harbert W., 1635, aged 32, 
and Eleanor his wife, d. of John Bray, of Fifield, co. Oxon. 
[? WESTON.] Mickleton. Fourth quartering of [Harvey], 
impaled with Fisher : " Or an eagle displ. 
sa." 

WHEELER. Maysemove. " (Or) a chev. betw. 3 leopards' 
faces (sa.)," impaling Cocks. Francis, gent., 
aged 70, and Gilbert W., his eldest s., aged 
39. Monument erected by his widow, 1680. [I cannot find 
this marriage. Rudder, 543, says there was a Mr. Francis 
W,, Archdeacon of Salop, 1675, and that Mrs. Grace was 
his widow, so it looks as if there were two Francis' con- 
temporaries. He gives the W.'s arms but not the impaling.] 
[WHETHAM.] Condicote. Impaled with ? Hill, 1720: 

" (Arg.) a cross (sa.)," Dorothy, 1690, 

aged 34, wife of Rev. Robert H., and d. of 
Joseph W., of Longborough. 

WHITCHURCH. Stapleton. Second atchment. Escut. of 
pret. on Smyth, of Long Ashton: *'Gu. 3 
talbots' heads erased or on a chief arg. 



490 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



gutte de sang a lion pass, sa.," quartering Walter and 
Pyrke. [Joseph, 1772, fifth s. of Joseph W. and Mary 
Loader, married Mary, d. and h. of Rowles Walter, and 
their d. and h., Jane W., married Thomas S., of Stapleton.] 
Third atchment. The same, with escut. of pret., Walter 
and Pyrke quarterly. [Either for Joseph or Mary, most 
likely the last.] The same as the last, Joseph, 1772. Crest : 
Demi eagle or wings erect arg. [There is, I think, some 
doubt whether the demi eagle is not a talbot's head betw. 
wings arg. goutty de sang. Rudder, 694, gives the arms, 
but not the crest or escut. of pret.] The same, escut. of 
pret. on Smyth quarterly, 1800. [This is Jane W., wife of 
Thomas S., as before.] On lozenge shield. The same, 1790, 
with escut. of pret., Walter and Pyrke quarterly. [Most 
probably Mary Walter, the wife of Joseph W.] The same,, 
escut. of pret. with Walter and Pyrke on Smyth with 6 
quarterings. The same, 1799. [No date in W. ped. in 
Biirhe's Land. Gent., 1853, p. 1573, to prove this.] 
WHITCOMB. Wintevhourn. Impaled with Browne, 1691 : 
" Paly of 6 arg. (more often or) and sa. 5 
eagles counterchanged," 1725. [Rudder, 
836 : Ann, wife of Hugh B.] 

? WHITE. Kandwick. ImpaHng ? Little, 1784 : " Arg» 

on a chev. betw. 3 griffins' heads erased sa. 
a leopard's face or." [Papworth says this 
coat is Sion College, London ; he may have belonged to it. 
Fosbrooke, i. 314: Thomas White, of Stroud, married a d. 
of Richard Cooke, of Stroud, and had two sons, Thomas and 
John ; Thomas married Ann, d. of John L., of Pakenhill, 
and had issue Thomas, now, 1807, lord of the Manor of 
Stonehouse ; but there was a White, of London, who bore 
*' Or on a chev. vert betw. 3 goats' heads erased sa. a crescent 
for diff."] Wotton Underedge. Escut. of pret. on Osborne, 
1770: " Arg. a lion ramp, sa." [I can find no such White, 
it is most probably a Welsh coat ; perhaps part of the coat,, 
as some of the Whites bore " on a canton erm. a lion ramp, 
sa."] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



491 



WHITEHEAD. Bamwood. Impaling Johnson, 1756: " Az. 

a fess arg. betw. 3 fleurs - de - lis or," 
Elizabeth, aged 55, d. of William J., Esq., 
and Beata his wife, and relict of Manasseth W. Olveston.. 
" Gu. (really az.) a fess or betw. 3 fleurs-de-lis arg. (really 
or)," impaled with Casamajor quarterly, 1775. \_Mis. 
Gen. et Her., New Ser., i. 90 : Henry C, of Upper 
Tockington, in this parish, married Elizabeth, 1785, d. and^ 
coh., query escut. of pret. of William W., of Great House, 
Upper Tockington, co. Glouc] 

WHITFIELD. Winchcomhe. "Arg. a bend plain betw. 2 
cotises engr. sa.," 1710. Crest : Out of a 
palisadoed crown arg. a stag's head or- 
[Armories say of co. Northumberland.] 

WHITMORE. Lower Slaitghter. Impaling Deards, 1673 : 
" Vert fretty or," 1667. [Richard W 
married secondly Catherine, d. and coh. 

of Robert D., of London ; this looks as if it ought to be 

with escut. of pret.] 

WHITSON. Henhuvy. Impaled with Cole, 1699: " Within^ 

a bord. a pomegranate." [Considering the 
number of Whitson arms, which apparently 
are parodies of Winter, of Lydney, scattered about Bristol,, 
it is good to come across something better than fiction. 
Whether the Alderman himself bore a coat like this is 
certainly not proved, as he died in 1629, but most probably 
this was founded on his Spanish guild trademark or device. 
I only wish Bigland had been able to give the tinctures, but 
most probably it was a metal field with the charge and bord. 
tinctured. The monument to Christopher C, aged 76, says 
nothing of his wife, but an adjoining inscription says Blanch, 
wife of Christopher C, 1690, aged 61, so she was actually 
born in the year the Alderman died. Glos, Vis., 1682, p. 46, 
says Christopher, s. of Christopher C, of Standon, co. Herts.,, 
and Bridget Wase, married Blanch, d. of Christopher W., 
of Bristol, merchant. He no doubt bore the arms as 
above.] 



492 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



WHITTINGTON. Ashton, or Cold Ashton. " Gu. a fess chequy 
or and az.," 1743. Crest : Lion's head 
couped sa. John W., aged 50. Noigvove. 
Three shields, i : "... a fess chequy . . ." ImpaHng 
MiLBORNE. \Glos. Vis.^ 1623, p. 269 : John W., of Pauntley, 
married EHzabeth, d. and coh. of Simon M., of TiUington.] 
2 : The same, with a mullet in chief for difF., impaling Pool 
quarterly. [Rudder, 583, does not give Pool as impaled 
with Whittington, only marshalled with it, and I think this 
must be right, as there is no Whittington-Poole marriage in 
either ped., but Sir Gyles P., 1588, married Elizabeth, d. and 

h. of Thomas W., of Pauntley.] 3 : The same, with a ball 
(? annulet not voided) in chief for diff. [Rudder only gives 
the mullet.] Pauntley. Third shield in window. The same. 
[Here the fess is tricked compony ; if so, it would certainly 
be countercompony ; chequy is the correct.] Fifth shield. 
The same, impaling Milborne. [See Notgrove, but both 
should be escut. of pret.] Sixth shield. The same, 
impaling ? Cromwell. [I think the latter should be 

Quarterly per fess dancette sa. and arg.," Fitzwarren, 

i. e. the marriage of Sir Richard W. with Alice Fitzwarren. 
Tainton. The same, impaling Pury, 1732. \Glos. Vis., 
1682, p. 140 : Elizabeth, third d. of Thomas P. and 
Barbara Kyrle, married the Rev. William W., of Glouc] 
The same, 1724, quarterly with Pury. [This was the Rev. 
Samuel W., aged 42, s. of the last pair, but what right there 
was for these to be quartered I cannot make out ; it should 
have been, at any rate at this date, only W.] Todington. 
The same, 1577. [Rudder, 773: Margaret, fourth d. and coh. 
of Thomas W. and Margery Nedham, married Sir Thomas 
Throckmorton, Knt., so this shield was marshalled with, not 
impaled with, T.] Tortworth. The same, tenth quartering of 
Throckmorton. [Given in error in Glos. Vis., 1632, p. 162, as 
" arg." instead of " gu." for the field. The same marriage as last. ] 
[WHITTING- Meysey Hampton. Third quartering of 

HoRTON : " A fess chequy or and sa." 
Really the same [as Grazebrook, Wove. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 493 



Heraldry, i. 300, says Horton, of Staunton, succeeded the 
Whittingtons, whose h. they married, and that William H., 
1612, quartered their arms]. 

WHORWOOD. Minchin Hampton, Impaled with Sheppard, 
1770: " Arg. on a chev. sa. betw. 3 stags' 
heads (cabossed sa.) as many branches vert." 
{This is false, really sprigs of broom or.) Glos. Vis.^ 1682, 
p. 168 : Samuel, s. of Samuel S. and Ann Darrell, married 
Jane, 1799, aged 74, d. of Thomas W., of Halton, co. Oxon.] 
WICK. Painswich. Impaling Fletcher, 1681 : " Gu. 

a chev. betw. 3 wicks or gates or," 1695. 
[Rudder, 597, and Glos. N. and Q., i. 188: 
WiUiam W. «nd Ann (neeF.).] The same, 1768, impahng 
Taylor, 1767. [Edmund W., gent., and Elizabeth {nee T.).] 
The same, 1762, George W., gent. The same, 1761, Ann W. 
WICKES. TetUiry. " Gu. a bend erm. betw. 2 cottizes 

dancette arg.," 1764. [Given in Armories as 
Wicke.] 

[WICKS.] Tethury. See Query, 63, 1771. 

WICKINGHAM. Berkeley. Twenty-first shield on screen : 
Erm. on a chief sa. 3 crosses patty arg." 
[The Ws. were a Suffolk family, and it is 
the sixth quartering of Jenney, brought in by Boyse, but I 
cannot trace its connection here.] 

WIGHT. Tethury. Second shield. " Gu. a chev. erm. 

betw. 3 bears' heads couped arg. muzzled 
sa.," 1777. [This date does not come into 
the ped. in Btirke's Land. Gent., 1858, p. 1323, but proves 
(Fosbrooke, i. 254) that the Manor of Pirton, in Churchdown, 
came to the family through the Kempes, as Braboeuf Manor, 
Surrey, came to them through the marriage of John W. with 
-their h., Agnes, d. of Robert K.] The same, impaled with 
Paul, 1787. [This marriage comes into neither of the 
peds.] 

WILDE. Queinton. Impaling Ayschcombe, 1680: 

" Arg. on a chief sa. 3 martlets or " [Wore. 
Vis., "of the field"]. Crest : Lion statant 



494 



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guard, gu., his forefoot resting on a shield arg. [There are 
good peds. of this Worcestershire family in the Visitations^ 
but this marriage does not appear.] 

WILKINS. Frocester. In churchyard, with escut. of 

pret., Wood, 1739: *' Erminois on a bend 
az. cottised sa. 3 martlets arg. a canton or 

charged with a rose gu.," 1758, John W., aged 64, and 

Elizabeth his wife, aged 49, d. of Charles Wood, of Stanley 

St. Leonard. 

[? WILKINS.] Stone. Impaled with Morse, 1728: " Gu. 

on a bend arg. 3 birds vert, on a canton 
sinister of the second a rose of the first." 
[The first was granted in 1759, and is evidently a variation ;, 
the second, the families were connected. But whether this 
coat is correct I cannot say ; it is different from those in the 
Armories.] 

WILLETT. Cirencester. Escut. of pret. on Selfe, 1763 : 

"Barry of 10 arg. and sa. on a chief of the 
first 3 lioncels ramp.," 1766 [Glos. Trans., 
xvii. 306. Sir J. Maclean says this shield has disappeared; 
but on pp. 291 and 292 he gives the coat, 2 and 3 quartering 
of Selfe, as "Sa. 3 bars gemell arg. on a chief of the second 
3 lions ramp, of the first." It is really "Arg. 3 bars gemel 
and in chief as many lions ramp, sa.," and is so given in 
Dumbleton Church.] John S., clothier, aged 56, and 
E(lizabeth), aged 49. 

WILLIAMS. Sevenhampton. Impaled with Carter, 1722: 
"Arg. on a chev. betw. 3 cocks gu. a 
crescent ... on a chief sa. 3 spears' heads 
of the first embrued of the second," iy26. [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 203 : Alice, d. of David W. and Elizabeth Carew, married 
John C, of Charlton Abbots.] Winchcomhe. The same, 
only without the crescent for difi., 1636. [Glos Vis., 1682, 
p. 202 : Thomas, second son of Sir David W., Knt., but 
Rudder, 829, Bart., and Margaret, d. and h. of Games, 
married Hesther, d. of James Hawkins, of Washbourne, co. 
Worcester. In the Vis. his arms are given as " Sa. a chev» 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



495 



"betw. 3 spearheads arg. embrued gu. on a chief of the 
second 3 cocks gu." This is wrong; it should be as the 
first, as stated above.] Crest : A cock as in the arms. 
Impaling ? [Renshaw], which see ; it ought to be Hawkins. 
,£? WILLIAMS.] Cirencester. On a lozenge shield (though 
Glos. Trans., xvii., plate 73, has engraved it 
on another escutcheon). "Arg. a saltire 
az." [which Sir James Maclean says, p. 291, is "Arg. a saltire 
vert in chief 3 erm. spots," and it is so given in Papworth. 
Bigland gives it as the third shield in the Chapel of Jesus, 
but puts no name to it] . 

WILLIS. Marshfield. On atchievement. " Arg. 

within a bord. bezante (in Armories erm.) a 
fess betw. 3 lions ramp, gu.," 1789, Thomas 
W., LL.B., Rector of Blecheley, co. Bucks., aged 46. 
{Or WILLES.] Thovnhiiry. Third atchment. " Arg. a chev. 

sa. betw. 3 mullets gu." Crest: A martlet 
arg. (Fairbairn : A hawk with wings ex- 
panded ppr.). Impaling Walker. [Burke's Land. Gent., 
p. 1592: The Rev. John W., D.D., Canon and Prebend, of 
Lichfield, married Anne, d. of Sir William Walker, Knt., 
Mayor of Oxford.] The same, impaling Walker. [The 
date is 1748, not given in the Land. Gent.; but this is the 
same marriage, and as she died in 1732, it is most likely the 
date of his death.] 

{WILLOUGHBY.] Campden. Achievement of Earl of Warwick 
below Grevill brass on illustration. Second 
quartering : " Fretty." Really, " Or fretty az." 

WILLOUGHBY. Matson. Third quartering of Ufford. The 
same. [Cecilia, d. and coh. of Robert 
de Ufford, first Earl of Suffolk, m.arried 

Lord W. de Eresby.] Maysemore. The same, 1641. Robert, 

s. of Thomas W., of Bore Place, co. Kent. 

WILSON AND Westhury-on-Trini. Impaled with (?) Revell, 

? WILSON. ^ ,^ r 1 

quarterly i and 4 : '* Gu. a less betw. 3 
lozenge cussions \_sic\ arg. tassled or " 
(generally the cushions are charged with a fleur-de-lis gu.), 



496 



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2 and 3 : "... a chev. , . . betw. 3 boars' heads coupt 
. . ." Query the other Wilson, "Arg. a chev. gu. betw. 

3 wolves' heads sa." [Burke s Land. Gent., 1853, p. 161 1, 
says Anne, d. of Christopher W. and Ellen Bramhall, married 
Thomas Revel, gent., of Stannington and ShifFnall, i.e. 
Shropshire ; but those Wilsons bore " Sa. a wolf ramp, in 
chief 3 estoiles or." The quarterly coat of Wilson as last, 
with the date 1567. [This may be the date of Anne's death ; 
not given in the ped.] 

WINCHCOMBE Frampton-upon- Severn. Quarterly i and 4 

with 2 and 3 Gardiner, and with escut. of 

pret. Bell, 1757: " Az. on a chev. engr. 

betw. 3 lapwings or as many cinquefoils of the field, on a 

chief of the second a fleur-de-lis betw. 2 spearheads of the 

first," 1766. Nathaniel W. and Ann his wife, d. and coh. of 

W^illiam B., Esq., of Glouc. and Sainthurst. 

[? WINCHCOMBE Stanton. Ancient glass in window. " Az. 
ABBEY.] , . 1 , . 1 

on a saltire arg. a pellet charged with a 

cross pattee of the second," [As there 

is another coat always given to the Abbey, a variation of 

Mortimer, I put a ? before it, but it seems likely to have 

belonged either to it or of a family of de W^inchcombe. The 

carved coat in the parish church at present seemed to me 

more of a cross than cross pattee.] 

WINDOWE. Churchdown. Quarterly i and 4 with 2 and 3 

Freme, and escut. of pret., Stephens, 1759: 

" Az. a fess counterembat. betw. 3 lions' 

jambs erect and erased or," 1745-6. [Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 64: 

Henry W., of Glouc, married Sarah, d. and coh. of Thomas 

F. ; and p. 204 : Henry W., s. of the last pair, married 

Sarah, d. and coh. of John, second s. of Thomas S., of 

Lypiatt.] Stavevton. The same, 1772. Crest: Lion's gamb 

erect and erased az. holding a cross crosslet fitchee or. [I 

should think this is the Rev. Henry W., vicar of the parish.] 

WINSTON AND Quedcrley. First atchment, impahng Hay- 
WINSTONE. ^ ^ ^ , , r 

ward: "Per pale gu. and az. a lion ramp. 

against a tree eradicated ppr." [This is 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



497 



false. Really, Per pale gu. and az. a lion ramp. arg». 
supporting a tree eradicated ppr." This also is partially 
false, but I believe it has been allowed, though I cannot 
but think that the tree originally was arg.] Albinia, d. of 
William Cox, alias Hayward, and Ma;:garet Selwyn, married 
Thomas W., of Stapleton. Sandhurst. A curious blazon : 
" Per pale gu. and az. i a lion ramp. arg. in the dexter 
paw a rose ... 2 a tree eradicated vert," 1672. [Rudder,. 
650 : " Sa. a lion ramp. arg. holding in the dexter paw a rose 
of the second." This is given in Armories, but not in 
Papworth. It is possible that it might be a quartered coat 
of " Sa. a lion ramp, arg.," the third quartering of W., viz. 
Teithwalch ; but I think it is a daubed coat of W. with a 
copy of Master. Philip W., aged 70, of Willington's Court ; 
and below Gyles W., 1662, aged 85. There is a Gyles in 
Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 182, s. of Sir Henry W., Knt., and 
Dionysia Bond, who died s.p., possibly this one ; but there 
is no Philip given, who would most probably be his brother.] 
Standish. Four shields covered with whitewash (Rudder, 
682) to Sir Henry W. Crest : A garb erect (banded or) 
sustained by 2 lions ramp, respectant. Restored, i: "Party 
per pale gu. and arg. i a lion ramp, reguard. (no tincture). 
2 a tree ppr." [If this is meant for W. and not a quartered 
coat, it would seem to imply that the lion, and if so arg., 
was in the dexter and the tree in the sinister, which 
heraldically would be correct ; but I think really it is 
reversed, and that the true reading is " Per pale arg. and 
gu. a lion ramp, of the first on the sinister, supporting a tree 
eradicated ppr. on the dexter.] Two other shields are 
marshalled with this— Bond, first wife; Vaughan, second 
wife. The fourth shield is " Quarterly of six," of which 
the first quarter is as the last, and the crest of the restored 
I is given as " A garb supported by 2 lions arg. with a 
crescent for diff.," while the fourth is "A garb erect 
supported by 2 lions ramp. arg. and az." [This last is right, 
and it is curious that the Cecils, the sixth quartering, bore a 
similar crest, the only difference being that their garb was 



498 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



banded gu., which it is quite possible these might have beerx.] 
Stapleton. " Per pale gu. and az. a lion ramp. arg. supporting 
betw. his paws a tree eradicated vert." Crest : A garb 
erect or sustained on the dexter side by a lion ramp. arg. on 
the sinister by another az. [As in Glos. Vis.^ 1623, p. 179; 
but that gives no crest. Rudder, 694: Thomas W., 1757, 
aged 60, erected by his relict, Albina ; so the marriage as 
in Quedgley.] 

WYNTER, OR Dymock, " Sa. a fess erm. a mullet for diff.," 

WINTOUR, OR o 1 r .xTMi. Txr r i • 

WINTER. 1718, Robert, s. 01 William W., 01 this 

parish, aged 61, the last of the heirs male 
of this family. The same, 1666. Captain William W., no 
age given, impaling Farmer. Margaret, his wife, 1674, 
age given. [They do not appear in the Visitation, but I fancy, 
as the first Robert is duplicated with them, that he was their 
son.] Dyrham. Impaling Brain quarterly : Sa. a fess 
erm.," 1581. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 182 : George, s. of John 
W., married Anne, d. (sister) and coh. of Richard B.] The 
same, quartered with Blathwayte. \Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 280, 
1686 : William B., Esq., of London, and Mrs. Mary W., 
d. and sole h. of John W., of Dyrham, Esq., were married.] 
Newland. Second shield, impaled with Hall, 1668 : " On a 
fess 5 erm. spots." [Rudder, 569 : " (Sable) a fess erm. in 
chief a crescent (erm.)." Benedict H., aged 78, married Anne, 
1675, d. of Sir Edward W., Knt., and Lady Anne Somerset.] 
Third shield. The same. Also the same, 1675, impaled 
with Hall, 1668, the marriage before. 

WINTLE. Stroud. " Az. on a chev. arg. betw. 3 wintle ! 

shells or 3 martlets sa.," 1792. l^Arniories : 
"Gu. on a chev. arg. betw. 3 whelk shells or 
a demi lion (ramp.) of the field betw. 2 martlets az." In 
Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 41, there is a short ped. of Zachariah W., 
the third husband of Rosamond Clifford ; and in 1623, p. 251, 
Henry W. married Tacey Guillim.] 

[? WINTLE.] Tewkesbury. "A chev. inter. 3 . . . heads 

erased," Impaling Query, 64, 1694. 

Monument says W., but the baron is more 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 499 



likely to be Wynde, and the Query would have to be wonder- 
fully altered to be W.] 

WITHER. Iron Acton. " (Arg.) a chev. (gu.) betw. 3 

crescents (sa.)." William, s. of Richard W. 
and Hester Webb/* 1719-20, aged 20 years 
and 7 months. [At present this has the crest : Demi hare 
quarterly gu. and az. holding in the mouth 3 ears of wheat 
or and below the shield of the Tallow Chandlers Co.: "Per 
fess az. and arg. a pale counterchanged and three doves 
rising (really of the second), each holding in its beak an olive 
branch or."] 

WOGAN. Yate. Or on a chief az. 3 martlets of the 

first," 1661. Crest: A like martlet. [Rudder^ 
855, says the arms are obliterated, but the 
monument is to Henry W., born of that ancient family, 
settled at Wiston, co. Pembroke, aged 22.] Fretherne. It is 
not quite clear whether this is a separate shield or an 
impaling or quartering of Harewell, which is impaled with 
Clifford : " Or on a chief sa. 3 birds (martlets) of the field." 
[I believe the chief is "sa.," not "az." as before; and I think 
it is intended as an extra impaling to Harewell, as in Wove. 
Vis., 1569, p. 74, William H., of Wootton, married Agnes, 
d. to Sir Henry Owgan, Knt. (one way of spelling the name) ; 
so the femme represents that marriage, and it was their g.d. 
Anne that married James Clifford.] 

WOLLEY. Misevden. " Arg. on a chev. sa. an eagle 

displ. of the first," ? 1670, William W., 
rector for forty years, aged 64, and others 
of the family. 

[? WOLVEDEN.] Cirencester . " Sa. a chev. betw. 3 wolves' heads 
erased or." \_Glos. Trans, xvii. 277, Sir J. 
Maclean gives this to Bishop John Chedworth, 
and it may well be, if the field is wrong and was " az. ; " 
but on p. 276 he gives a quarterly coat, i and 4 : " Az. a chev. 
engr. gu. {i.e. false) betw. 3 wolves' or foxes' heads or," which 
he attributes to a member of the Chedworth family. Now 
W. bore in 1432 : " Az. a chev. engr. (Chedworth's was not 

34 

Vol. XXVIII. 



500 



Transactions for the Year 1905. 



engr.) betw. 3 wolves' heads erased or," so that it looks as- 
if both coats belonged to W. ; but this family's connection 
with Cirencester would alone prove it.] 

WOOD. Cheltenham. " Arg. a chev. engr. sa. betw. 

3 fleurs-de-lis gu." [Richard, eldest s., 1682,. 

aged 15, of Roland W., of Brockthorp ; the 
last generation in both Visitations.'] Frocester. Escnt. of pret- 
on WiLKiNS, 1758: "Arg. on a chev. engr. sa. betw. 3 fleurs- 
de-lis gu. as many bezants," 1739, John Wilkins, aged 64? 
and Elizabeth his wife, aged 49, d. of Charles W., of Stanley 
S. Leonard. [Variation granted to the Stanley S. Leonard 
family.] Whaddon. The same as the first, untinctured, 165 1,. 
impaling [Roberts] , 1663. [Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 185 : Richard, 
aged 61, of Harscombe, s. of William W. and Millicent 
Flower, married Mary, aged 72, d. of Thomas R., of Hars- 
combe. The same, impaled with ? [Dewxell]. [Given as 
Dewell in Glos. N. and Q., iv. 375. Margaret, 1674, aged 60, 
was the d. of the last pair, and married Anthony D.] 
WOODWARD. Newent. Impaled with Saunders: " (Az.) 

a pale betw. 2 eagles displ. (arg.)," 1770. 

[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 208: Dorothy, d. of 
Christopher W. and Mary Baker, married Thomas S., of 
Tewkesbury.] The same. Escut. of pret. on Chinn, 
^mpaled with [Chamberlayne] . [The same reference says 
Elizabeth, 1774, sister of the last and coh., married (first) 
Edward Chinn ; but it does not give her second marriage 
with Edward Pye Camberlayne.] The same, tinctured 1699,. 
impaling Stanley, 1667. [The same reference. Christopher 
W., aged 70, married Dorothy, d. of Thomas S., co. Sussex.] 
The same, 1731, Christopher, aged 21. [Parentage not 
given ; most probably s. of Christopher W. and Mary 
Baker.] Tewkesbury. Over an inscription to Anne Jones, 
1744, on a flat stone, are the same arms untinctured, and with 
the crest : On a ducal coronet (or) a greyhound sejant (arg.). 
[? WOODWARD.] Nimpsfield. Impaled with Bridgman: "Barry 

of 10 ... 3 lions ramp. ... on a chief a 

buck trippant betw. 2 pheons." [This is 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



certainly not like Woodward, which owing to the marriage 
{Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 26) of William B. with Ann, d. and coh. 
of John W., of Dean Magna, is given as the quartering of 
B., viz. " Arg. 3 bars gu. over all 3 stags' heads cabossed 
or, on a chief of the last a wolf pa'Ss. of the second betw. 

2 pheons sa." ; but in Glos. Trans,, vii. 295, Canon Bazeley 
has read it much more like the Vis., and as that impales 
Daunt and Ouldpen quarterly it would be the marriage of 
John, g.s. of William B., with Frances Daunt. As William 
B. married twice, it may be intended for a dimidiated 
impaling, in chief Woodward and in base Brayn ; if so, the 
latter would not be "lions ramp.," but "leopards' heads 
on a pale." Rudder does not give it. Atkyns gives the 
Woodward coat as "Arg. 3 bars gu. over all as many bucks' 
heads cabossed 2 and i, ?or on a chief or a lion pass. gu. 
betw. 2 pheons sa.," and Nayler as " Or 4 bars gu. over all 

3 bucks' heads cabossed (untinctured ? ppr.) and in chief a 
lion pass. gu. betw. 2 pheons sa."] Wickwar. "... 3 

oakleaves . . ." impaling [Springett], 1749. [Rudder, 

821 : Daniel W. married Sarah, aged 31, d. of Thomas S., 
Esq., of CO. Monmouth ; so I should think this Woodward's 
coat was " Vert 3 holly leaves or."] 

? WOODSTOCK. Sherborne. 2 and 3 quartering of King : 

" Gu. 3 lions pass, in pale arg. within bord. 

engr. or." [The monument is to Ann, 

fourth d. of John K., Bishop of London, and second wife of 

John Dutton. The arms are not the true W., as the lions 

ought to be those of England and the bord. arg. I think it 

is Giffard, but cannot find ped. to prove either.] 

DE WOOD- Eastins^ton. No blazon. [Naturally one 
STOCK. . n \ • 

would think it was like the true one as in 

the last ; but this is the fifth quartering of 

Knevet, and there is nothing like it on the Charlton shield, 

so I think it must be an error for one of the others.] 

WROUGHTON. Saperton. Second shield, i and 4 quarterly 

with 2 and 3 Lewknor, impaled with Poolr 

quarterly : " Arg. a chev. gu. betw. 3 boars' 

34 A 



502 Tr^nsactioms for the Year 1905. 



heads coupe sa. armed or." [Rudder, 643 : Sir Henry P., 
Knt., married Anne, d. of Sir William W., Knt., of Broad- 
hinton, co. Wilts.] 

[PWROUGH- Impaled with ? [DevereuxI : "... a chev. 
TON.] 

betw. ... 3 boars' . . ." [As this is 

marshalled with the last, I only suggest that 

it may be intended for W., but I have nothing to prove it.] 

WYATT. StapUton. ImpaHng Self, 1696: "Or on a 

fess gu. betw. 3 boars' heads coupt sa. 3 
mulletts arg.," 1713. [Rudder, 694: John 

W., aged 90, and Anne, aged 70, his wife, d. of William S., 

of Milsham (? Melksham), co. Wilts.] 

[WYATT.] Stone. Escut. of pret. on W^ebb, i'66o: 

"... on a fess . . . betw. 3 boars' heads 
coupt ... 3 mullets . . ." [The memorial 
at the last reference says one of their children, Mary, 1729, 
aged 80, and no doubt h. married Thomas Webb; not in 
Visitations. In Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 186, the W.'s coat is given 
false, but corrected ; however, the mullets are " or," and 
are so in Rudder.] 

WYLCOTTS, OR Clifford Chambers. 2 and 3 quarterings of 
WYLLYCOTS. ^ ^ ..a 1 1 

Kaynesford, 1632 : 2 " Az. an eagle displ. 

arg. gorged with a coronet, beaked and 

membered or," W., of Wylcotts. 3: " Az. an eagle displ. 

arg. beaked and membered or," Wiilycotts, of Tew Magna, 

CO. Oxon. [Oxford Vis., p. 166 : Thomas W., of Tew, married 

Elizabeth, d. and h. of Edward Hall, their d. and h. . . . 

married John W., of Wylcotts, and their d. and h. Elizabeth 

married Henry R., of Raynford Hall.] 

WYNDE. Tewkesbury. " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 griffins' 

heads erased or," 1716. [Dyde, p. 64 : 
Charles W., Esq., aged 67. This coat is 

also carved in stone on the outside of the W. window of the 

Abbey Church.] 

[? WYNDE.] Ashchurch. Impaled with SmiThsend :" . . . 

a chev. betw. 3 griffins' heads ..." 

Thomas S., 171 7, aged 26, and Paulina his 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 503 

wife, 1735, aged 51. [I cannot find ped. to prove this, but 
from similarity of coat and locality I think it very likely.] 
WYNDHAM. Kemevton. Impaled with Parsons : Az. a 
chev. betw. 3 lions' heads erased or," 1785, 
Anne, aged 53, second d. of Thomas W., of 
Clearwell, in this co., Esq., and wife of John P. 
[WYNDHAM.] Newland. Four shields. i : Impaling 
? [Strode], " A chev. betw. 3 talbots' 
heads erased." [As monument said W., 
1716, which is the first in the list given by Rudder, 569, as 
Francis W. I think this is an error in reading, very likely 
owing to the Hall coats near, which are similar, for the 
Kemerton one, especially as the impaling suits the W. -Strode 
marriage.] 2 : The same blazon as last, so I think W. 
again. 3 is 2 with escut. of pret. : "A chev. betw. 3 martlets." 
[There are so many families bearing this, so without 
tinctures and a clue from a ped. I am unable to name 
the h.] 4 : The same, impaling ? [Edwin.] [Thomas W. 
married Anne, d. and h. of Samuel E.] 

WYNNIATT. Dymock. ''On a fess betw. 3 anchors a 
griffin pass.," John W., 1670. [Rudder, 
410: " Sa. on a fess arg. betw. 3 anchors 
or a dragon gu." This is a variation of Wenman, whose 
name they bore, and is not given in Armories. Curiously both 
Atkyns and Nayler give the coat of W., of Dinmock, as 
" Gu. a fess vairy or and az.," which also is not in Armories. 
I think Bigland's the most probable.] 

WYRALL. Bicknoy English. Impaling Browne, error 

for [Pury], 1739: " Gu. a chev. or betw. 3 
crosses croslet and in chief a lion pass, arg." 

[Rudder, 289, and Glos. Vis.^ 1682, p. 140 : Jephthah W., 

1702, aged 43, married Martha, aged 82, fourth d. of Thomas 

P. and Barbara Kyrle.] 

WYSHAM. East Leche, S. Martin or Burthorpe. Illustra- 

tion of tomb of John Guise at Elmore. Two 
shields. 2 and 3 quartering of Guise, 1472 : 

*' (Sa.) a fess betw, 6 {Glos. Vis.^ 1682, p. 80. gives 3, but in 



504 Transactions for the Year 1905. 



error, as 1623, p. 72, where it is the third quartering, is 6) 
martlets (arg.) " [John G., of Asple Gise (now Aspley 
Guise, CO. Bedford), married . . . ? AHce, d. and h. to Jo. 
W., Knt.], and impaUng Beauchamp, of Holt. The same. 
Elmore. The same as the first two shields. Bigland gives 
the date as 1489 ; Rudder, 440, as 1479 ; and the engraving 
1472. [This quartering must have been put up after his 
death, because it properly belongs to his s.] The same. 
Third quartering as in 1623 Vis. Sir William G., 1642, and 
his s. William, 1653. [John de Beauchamp, of Holt, left an 
only d. and h., Margaret, who married first John Pauncefoot 
and secondly John Wysham.] 

[PYALDWYN.] Weston Subedge. Impaled with Fiennes, 
1708 : " Arg. on a chev. betw. 3 cinquefoils 
gu. a leopard's face or betw. 2 bezants," 
Pharamus F., LL.D. nepos, g.s. of William, Viscount Say 
and Sele, aged 62, rector of the parish. [Papworth says the 
arms are Y., co. Sussex, but I cannot find the marriage, 
which seems to be little known, as in Bridge's Collins, vii. 25, 
he is given as unmarried. He was the son of Richard F. and 
Margaret, d. and h. of Andrew Burrell, who was the fourth 
and youngest s. of William, first Viscount, as above, and 
Elizabeth Temple; so he could not have used any of his 
parents' shields, and this must represent his own marriage. 
Rudder, 812.] 

YATE. Aflingham. Az. a fess and in chief 2 

mullets or," 1758. Motto: "Quo virtus 
vocat." [John, aged 27, s. of Charles Y., 
Esq., and Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 210: Mary, d. and coh, of . . . 
Hickes ; he was lord of the manor, and last heir male ob. s.p. 
of his branch of the family.] Two shields, i : The same, 
first quarter of four, impaling [Hickes], and escut. of pret. 
[Hickes] and [Vannam] quarterly, and motto as before. 
Charles Y., 1738, aged 46, father of the last John. 2: On 
lozenge shield, the same as last, for Mary, 1777, aged 77, 
his wife [d. and coh. of Robert H., and Elizabeth, d. and h. 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 505 



of John Vannam, D.D.] Quarterly i and 4. The same, 
with 2 Berkeley and 3 Box. Richard Y., 1661, aged 78 
[most probably Charles Y.'s g.father] . The same as last, 
impaling Price, 1705. Col. Richard Y., 1701, aged 41, 
married Elizabeth, aged 40, d. and coh. of Thomas P. [the}^ 
were the parents of Charles Y. before mentioned]. Bromes- 
berrow. Atchievements. i : The same as first, impaling 
Wall. Glos. Vis,, 1682, p. 211 : Rice, s. of Walter Y. and 
Dennis Gardner, married Catherine, d. of Thomas W., of 
Dimock. He died 1690, aged 67; she died 1710-11.] 2,3 
and 5, first quartering, with 2 Berkeley, 3 Box, 4 Price, 
with escut. of pret., Barnesley. [John Y., I think brother 
of Charles, ob. s.p. 1749, married Jane B., relict of John 
Vannam.] 4 : First quartering. Yate, quartering Dobyns. 
2 is Yate, 3 Berkeley, 4 Box. [I expect first quartering is 
right, as Robert Dobyns, of Bromesberrow, took the name of 
Yate, but I should think 2 was Berkeley, 3 Box, and 4 Price.] 
Impaling Honywood quarterly. \_Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 211 : 
Robert Gorges Dobyns Yate, 1785, aged 33, married Anna- 
bella Christiana, sister of Sir John H., Bart.] Quarterly i 
and 4 Yate, with 2 Berkeley, and 3 Box. Impaling Wall. 
Rice Y. as before. Yate, impaling Dowdeswell, 1710. 
[Glos. Vis., 1682, p. 211 : Walter, s. of Rice Y. and Catherine 
Wall, married Elizabeth, aged 25, d. of Charles D.] In a 
lozenge shield. Yate. Katherine, d. of Walter Y., Esq., 
and Elizabeth (Dowdeswell) his wife, 171 3, aged 5. Yate. 
Walter Y., jun., Esq., 1738, aged 28. Yate. Walter Y., the 
elder, Esq., 1744, aged 76. Yate, quartering Dobyns. 
Berkeley and Box, impaling Gorges. [Glos. Vis., 1682, 
p. 211 : Robert Dobyns Y., 1766, aged 38, married Elizabeth, 
d. of Richard G., of Eye, Hereford.] Little Dean. Yate, 
impaled with Pyrke, 1752. Thomas P., aged 65, married 
Dorothy, aged 76, second d. of Richard Y., of Arlingham. 
Longhope. In lozenge shield. "A fess in chief 2 mullets," 
impaling Glover. Priscilla, d. of Henry G., gent., 1719-20, 
aged 61, and relict of Nourse Y., Esq. Yate. Charles, s. 
of last pair, 1729, aged 33. In a lozenge shield. Yate. 



5o6 Transactions for the Year IQ05. 



Mary, eldest d. of last pair, 1761, aged 78. Impaled with 

Bromwich. Priscilla, relict of Lancelot B., and second d. 

of the last pair; and the same for their s., Yate B., 1774, 

aged 60. Standish. " Az. a fess or in chief 2 mullets of the 

second," impaling the same. [Rudder, 682, and Glos. Vis., 

1682, p. 212: Charles, youngest s., 1721, aged 59, of William 

Y. and Mary Nourse, married secondly Elizabeth, d. of 

Richard Y., of Arlingham ; she died 1759, aged 76. J Atchment. 

The same as last, no doubt for Elizabeth the relict. Wickwav. 

Impaled with Hickes, 1721 : Arg. 3 gates gu. (generally sa.) 

2 and I." [Rudder, 821 : Edward Y., of Malmesbury, 

married Elizabeth, d. of John H. and Sylvester his wife. This 

is quite a different family, and, I think, came from Berkshire.] 

[YATE.] Shipton Moyne. Second shield. Estcourt 

with escut. of pret. : " Az. a fess or and in 

chief 2 mullets and in base a buck's head 

cabossed of the second," [This is an error in reading. 

It is really first quarter Yate and third quarter Box.] 

Impaling two coats. i : " Gu. a chev. betw. 3 crosses 

pattee or (really arg.)." 2 : " Gu. a fess betw. 2 chevs. 

arg." I is given as Sutton and 2 as Charnells. These 

are really the second quarter of Yate, viz. Berkeley, and 

the fourth quarter Nourse. [Anna Maria, d. and coh. 

of Charles and Elizabeth Yate, and g.d. of Mary Nourse, 

married Edmund Estcourt, of Shipton Moyne.] Tihevton. 

Impaled with Donovan, 1816. Quarterly, i : Yate, 1819. 

2: [DoBYNs]. 3: " Gu. a chev. betw. 10 crosses pattee 

(four in chief, rest lozengy) arg." [Changed to the Berkeleys, 

of Berkeley.] 4 : [Box]. [This is the coat of Caroline 

Elizabeth, 1819, d. of Robert Gorges Dobyns Y. and 

Annabella Christiana Honywood, who, Glos. Vis., 1682, 

p. 211, married Richard Donovan.] 

" YEAMANS, OR Stapleton. Impaled with Laroche : "Gu. a 
YEOMANS. 11. . u J " o 

chev. betw. 3 spears heads arg., 1781. 

[Btirhe's Extinct Bafts., 299 : Sir James L., 

first and only Bart., married Elizabeth Rachel Anne, d. 

and h. of William Y., Esq., of Antigua.] 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire. 



507 



[YERBURY.] Tethury. Base dimidiated coat, impaled 
with Clark, 1795, for second wife: "Per 

fess or and arg. a lion ramp, az," 

? 1794. [I can find no reference to this marriage.] 
[?YNYR.] Bvochworth. Fifth quartering of Jones, 1747 : 

Paly of 6 or and gu." [Most probably a 
Welsh coat brought in with Griffith Lloyd, 
who was of Yale, co. Denbigh [sic Glos. Vis., 1623, p. 96), of 
which place Ynyr was; so more likely "Paly of 8." Standish, 
Fourth quartering of Winstone : "(Per) pale arg. and sa. 

3 fleurs-de-lis or," [This is the true Y., and it is 

brought in by the second quartering Clothyan, as the d. and 
coh. of Ynyr, King of Gwent, married Clothyan's s. Gawith 
Voed.] 

YORK. Bisley. Inside on roof of church. Cognizance 

of the house of Y. No blazon, [Most 
probably falcon and fetterlock.] Miserden. 
The same in glass of church. 

YOUNG. Tewkesbury. Impaled with Graham quarterly, 

1852 : " Per pale vert and or on a bend erm. 
betw. 2 plain cotises arg. and as many 

escallops counterchanged 3 griffins' heads erased of th^ first." 

[Monument says Sir Robert G., Bart., married Elizabeth, 

only d. of John Y., Esq., of co. Sussex. The coat is the 

Kent family.] 

[? YOUNG.] Westhtry-on-Tfim. Impaled with Bowles, 

1757- " • • • 3 roses ..." [? " Arg. 
3 roses gu."j 



ADDENDA. 



[EATON.] Tewkesbury. See p. 455. Impaled with 

P. 242, after line 5. ^ ^ r 

lAYLER, 1735: "Or a iret az. Mary, or 

Maria, 1726, aged 62, d. of Rev. Robert E., 

sen., " dignissimus pastor," married George T. Dyde, 67. 

[FITZ WARREN. ] p^j^m^^/^y. See (?) C ROM WELL, p. 221, 
P. 252, after line 22. 

Ime 23. 

GLOVER. Longhope. On lozenge shield. Impaled with 

P. 265, after line 17. /r- x r 1 1 

Yate : " (oa.) a less embat. erm. betw. 3 

crescents (arg.)." [Priscilla, 1719-20, aged 

61, wife and relict of Nourse Y., Esq., and d. of Henry G., 

gent., of Oldswinford, co. Wore. ; her mother, Priscilla 

Foley, married secondly Henry G. Wore. Vis., 1682, p. 46.] 

? PALMER. Twining. Impaling Turberville, 1720: 

P. 357, after line 5. , , , , 

"... on a chev. betw. 3 martlets . . . 

3 trefoils slipt ... on a chief ... a lion 

pass ..." 1729. [I expect the shield is defaced, and that 

this is a wrong reading of the Leckhampton coat above.] 

PHILLIPS. Farmington. Impaled with Waller : " Arg. 

P. 366, after line 4 n 1 j 1 • 1 " 

from bottom. ^ hon ramp. sa. collared and chamed or. 

[This is on an atchievement without inscrip- 
tion ; but Burke's Land. Gent., 1858, p. 1,272, says Edmund 
Waller, Esq., who was lord of the manor, married a d. of 
P., Esq., and that she died 1788.] 

PYRKE. {Stapleton.) The same, third quartering of 

P. 380, after ^ , ^ 

"proved]," line 5. Whitchurch on escut. of pret. on Smyth. 

On lozenge shield. On escut. of pret. on 

Whitchurch, 1790. The same. 2 and 3 quartering of 

Walter. On escut. of pret. on Smyth, third quartering of 

Whitchurch. 

RTLEY. T odington. Sixth quartering of Keyt 

P. 402, after " No . 1 , -^i a- a n^u 

date," last line. impaled with Tracy, 1756. 1 he same as 

Ebrington. 



i 



Heraldry of Gloucestershire, 



509 



\_ROBERTS.:\ Whaddon. Impaled with Wood, 1651 : "A 
P. 404, after " Lon- ... , . 

don." line 4 from lion ramp., 1663. [Most likely the 

bottom. Cheltenham coat defaced. Glos. Vis., 1623, 

p. 185 : Richard W., of Harscombe, married Mary, d. of 

Thomas R., of Harscombe.] 

[STAPLETON.J Hayles. Stained glass removed to Toding- 
.441, a ermei5. ^^^^ Third shield impaled with Huddle- 
stone: " Arg. a lion ramp, sa." [Sir John 
H., circa Hen. VI., married Joan, eldest d. and coh. of Sir 
Miles S., of Ingham.] 



APPENDIX. 



« BITTON CHURCH HERALDRY. 
{Glos. Trans., xxiii. loo, &c.) 

Canon Ellacombe having pointed out several omissions and 
•errors in the Heraldry that I hurriedly made, he kindly went 
over the church with me, with the following result. Hatch- 
ment in tower. Proper blazon : " Or a lion ramp, reguard. 
gu.," Creswick, impaling " Or a bend engr. gu. betw. two 
lions ramp, gu.," Dickinson. The crest of Stone is a 
Spaniel pass. arg. Unfortunately no further light can be 
thrown on the Jones monument heraldry ; but Bigland 
gives on the monument to William Try, who married 
Ann Jones, of Hanham, for Jones : " Gu. a lion ramp, 
or," which is most unlikely, but I think is intended for 
" Arg. a lion ramp, gu.," Jones, of Nass, Lydney ; 
and I very much think that the Trye quarterings are 
what the Queries are intended for. On p. loi, Newton 
impaling Eyre, I omitted giving the latter's coat : (Arg.) on 
a chev. (sa.) 3 quatrefoils (? pierced of the field)." Window, 
chancel N. First shield. Quarterly, i : "Arg. a lion ramp, 
gu.," Macdonald of Clanranald. 2 : Macdonald of Clan- 
ranald, 3: Macdonald of Clanranald. 4: Really, "Per 
fess wavy arg. and vert in the centre a salmon naiant ppr.," 
Macdonald, Marquis of Antrim. But in Paul's Scotch Ordinary 
3 and 4 are given as one coat, when the per fess line in base 
would be "wavy vert." Erase Macalester, which should be 
Macdonald, a former vicar. On p. 102 delete ? before " as 
many crosses " in the Ellacombe coat, and the crest should 
be : Stag's head erased arg. collared, and betw. the attires a 
cross patty fitchy gu. chained or. After Newton has to be 
inserted : Newton as before, with Bart.'s inescutcheon, 
impaling Eyre as before, and " Per chev. (sa. and or) three 
eagles displ., i gu., 2 az., and 3 gu., really counterchanged," 
Stringer impaling the shinbones of Newton. Francis 
Stringer, of Sutton-upon-Lound, Notts., married Elizabeth, 
d. of Sir John Newton and Mary Eyre. And for the last, on 
effigy placed against wall in N. chapel, " A fess," thought to 
be "Erm. a fessgu ," Bitton, or Button. 



* 



INDEX TO PART I. 



/Esop, Representations from, on mise- 
reres, 75, 76 
Agmundesham, John de. Grant of lands 

Thomas, Grants of lands to, 49 

William de. Grant of lands to, 48 
Alexander's journey to the sky, 81 
Amersham, Ancient name of, 49 
Ansloe Family, Effigies ascribed to, 98 
Armorial bearings of — 

Ascough, loi 

Barre, 91 

Bath and Wells, See of, 93 

Beale, 92 

Beauboys, loi 

Berkeley, 86—88 

Breaus of Gowr, go 

Brydges, 94 

Bubb, 89 

Bmnell, 89 

Carey, 87 

Carli